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Yemeni Chinese Bilateral Ties Have Forever Been Dynamic And Vibrant
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Yemeni Chinese Bilateral Ties Have Forever Been Dynamic And Vibrant Yemeni Chinese Bilateral Ties Have Forever Been Dynamic And Vibrant Document Transcript

  • Yemen Observer: http://www.yobserver.com Yemeni-Chinese bilateral ties have forever been dynamic and vibrant Posted in: Opinions Written By: Dr. Eng. Mohammed Darsi Abdulrahman Nedham* Article Date: May 14, 2005 - 2:12:38 PM It is well-known that Yemen and China have always enjoyed a close relationship, especially in the areas of trade and education. The history of this great economic and political relationship goes back a long way, with sources mentioning a Chinese presence in Yemen as early as the sixth century as they brought silk and pottery from over land and sea, yet it has deepened even further over the past five years. During the tenth century Aden was an important gateway to China. In the fifteenth century, Captain Jenkh Kha visited Aden three times, and Yemeni rulers also sent missionaries to China. The People's Republic of China, founded on October 1, 1949, has preserved the Yemeni-Chinese relationship. The Yemeni-Chinese diplomatic relationship started in 1956. On October 6, 1962, China recognized the Yemeni Republican regime after the revolution on September 26. The Chinese mission which was in Yemen before the revolution turned
  • into an embassy early the following year. China supported the Yemeni revolution during the days of the blockade of Sana'a, declaring that the people and government of China supported the people and government of Yemen, in their struggle to preserve national sovereignty and independence. It is clear that this continuous development in Yemen-China relations is due to Chinese policies. As mentioned above, the Yemeni-Chinese diplomatic relationship started in 1956. Since the establishment of diplomatic relations 49 years ago, the Yemeni-Chinese relationship has developed smoothly. Chinese workers in Yemen always receive a warm welcome everywhere they go by the Yemeni people and authorities. In Sana'a, Aden or Taiz, in almost every Yemeni market, you can buy something Chinese - cloth, rice, radios and cooking pots. In recent years, our two countries have continuously strengthened mutual political trust, gathered momentum in economic cooperation and trade, and witnessed rapid progress in other fields such as international affairs. So, if we are going to look deeply into Yemeni-Chinese relations, we find that they rest on the following: 1. Mutual understanding. 2. A great reservoir of mutual goodwill. 3. Understanding across the whole range of issues - bilateral, regional and global. 1. The primary objectives of any visits from either side at a high political level are: a. To further strengthen friendship. b. To strengthen and expand trade and cooperation c. To continue the process of ongoing consultations on matters of mutual interest 2. To discuss common perspectives and aspirations 3. To share views right across the board on issues which interest both sides. What does China mean to Yemen and vice-versa? Based on my simple reading, knowledge and research on the Yemeni-Chinese relationship, I found that Yemen must look upon China in view of the following facts: 1. China now is one of the fastest growing economies in the world. 2. China's development is one of the greatest success stories of our time. 3. China is on the rise because of her glaring success. 4. China has proved that she cannot be ignored by any developing country. 5. China is growing at a period when the world is attentive and watchful.
  • 6. Momentum is on China's side and it would be a mistake not to embrace it. 7. China has adroitly used its resources and leadership to establish itself in the world 8. China recently became the number one consumer of world resources. 9. China's good public relations and expertise have endeared her to Arab nations, especially Yemen. 10. China has no issues of conflict with Yemen. 11. There are lessons that Yemen really need to learn from China. 12. China is a true friend and always makes extra efforts for the poor because she was once in the same situation 13. China is not the type of country that will take advantage of developing countries. 14. China has always been Yemen's best economic partner and hope to continue to be for many years to come. 15. China's 1.3 billion people would be a good market for Yemeni products. At the same time I believe that China should look upon Yemen in the light of the following facts: 1 Yemen has a great people, who work hard so and can learn quickly from the Chinese. 2 Yemen has a wise leadership and a strong team of highly qualified specialists, who are ready not just to open their hearts but also their minds to China, the Chinese and the Chinese Scientific Revolution. 3 Yemen is a very important strategic location on the south-west corner of the Asian continent, which is significant for China located on the south-east corner of the Asian continent. If we looked at the Asian continent (or the Asian continents plus the European continent) as a chess board, Yemen and China would be the castles on the board, representing black and white, carrying significance not just for the two countries but also the differing colors of the human race from time immemorial. 4 Yemen surprises the whole world with its hidden treasures, the same as China. They both mean a lot to each other, human civilization and world history. 5 Yemen still has untapped resources, which makes it a place of interest for China as a net importer of oil. It is known that during the last few years several indicators have begun to show that China's oil strategy is moving in this direction. In recent years (1993-1998) China's main oil import partners have been Oman, Yemen, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Russia, Indonesia and Angola. Based on my doctoral research study on Yemeni geology (See Chapter 1 of my study entitled, "A New View of Yemeni Geology Based on a New Solution to the Most Chaotic Yemeni Geological Problems) made in 2002 at Jilin University, China, I proved that China is the largest importer of
  • Yemeni crude oil. This is just one example of how Yemen can serve China and vice- versa. 6 Yemen plays a unique and positive role in: a. Resolving any Arabian conflicts through mediation. b. Promoting the integration process. c. Enhancing inter-Arab cooperation. d. Facilitating the Yemen-Horn of African Countries dialogue and other regional and international affairs. For these reasons the Arab and Islamic World, China and the whole of international society are highly appreciative of Yemen�s role and look forward to cooperating with Yemen. The impact of relations with China will be extremely productive. We in Yemen are ready to work with China, in the spirit of sincere friendship, reciprocity, mutual support and orienting towards the future, to consolidate and deepen the mutually beneficial cooperation in various fields and constantly push forward the China-Yemen relationship. In recent years, under the leadership of President Ali Abdullah Saleh, the government and people of Yemen have been actively facilitating national reconciliation, making efforts to maintain social stability, vigorously promoting social and economic reform, and have made great progress in all undertakings. The aforementioned acts make all leaders of the world look to Yemen with great respect. Here, I would like to ask YOU (Yemeni Readers) the following questions: 1. Do you think Yemen can learn a lot from China? 2. Would you like to see Yemeni goods flood Chinese market in the near future? 3. Is it true that Yemen's political relationship with China is improving by the day? 4. Do you think further work on exchanging our highly-qualified young scientists and experts with China is the best way to achieve cooperation in other fields? 5. What opportunities are there to develop and nurture our homegrown talent, based on our relationship with China? 6. Do you think we should work together with China to promote our own industries? 7. Do you think bilateral ties with China could be a steppingstone for Yemen to improve economically? 8. Do you think Yemen can learn from China about how to develop a self-sufficient society?
  • And at the same time, I would like also to ask YOU (Chinese Readers) the following questions: 1. Do you think China and Yemen could be a profitable union for both parties in the near future? 2. Will China willingly teach Yemen the secrets of her success? 3. If Yemen is going to open up businesses in China, do you think many people will buy Yemeni products? 4. Do you think Chinese leaders should encourage real Yemeni investments in China? 5. Do you think China should build a strong relationship with Yemen and all other Arab Countries? 6. Do you think East or West Chinese products are the best? 7. When will Chinese citizens buy Yemeni goods? Conclusions and Recommendations: 1. In my opinion, to improve our relationship with the Peoples Republic of China, both governments should take the following steps: a. Regularly and closely consult each other. b. Concert on all major issues in international forums. c. Work in total concert, so as to promote progress towards our common objectives. d. Build a mutual relationship in the fields of science and technology, trade and commerce, cultural, social, economic and political matters as well as academic relations. 2. To activate the relationship between Yemen and China and the opposite, I would like to invite all the heads of both government sides' local press, radio and television channels to work with my following suggestion: a. To organize an annual Yemeni-Chinese meeting every year held in alternate countries. b. To invite interested parties from both sides to join the meeting. c. To organize a prize for the best paper, article or, suggestions and recommendations to improve the relationship between our countries. d. To publish a questionnaire on the Yemeni-Chinese Relationship in the Yemen Observer newspaper and its equivalent in China for Yemeni and Chinese readers to complete and return with added comments. The main aim of this is to be in touch with the public in Yemen and China. 3. Both governments must work harder on improving technical, economic and scientific cooperation through the following activities: a. Exchange of personnel for training purposes (for example, in technical schools, institutes, colleges, universities and other scientific research centers; factories and other production centers, and the proffering of more grants for scholarships).
  • b. Exchange of expert knowledge (through visits and with a view to lecturing and instructing). c. Exchange of technical documentation and necessary equipment (including the exchange and giving of corresponding information). d. Exchange of information, books and scientific publications. e. Cooperation in scientific research work between scientific institutes and bodies. f. Setting up of joint industrial ventures. g. Cooperation of production enterprises in finding the most suitable technical solution and attaining increased productivity. h. Asking all organs appointed to cooperate technically, economically and scientifically, to keep in touch with each other, here in Sana'a or in Beijing, on all questions related to the realization of the approved programs of technical, economic and scientific cooperation and direct their monthly and annual reports to their heads in the competent authorities. i. Review progress made to establish periodically the quality and amount of mutual technical, economic and scientific cooperation. 4. At the same time we must: a. Find a way to introduce Yemen Studies in China. b. Create the opportunity to start parallel studies between Yemen and China, possibly through a Yemen-China Center. c. Work hard on making an effort to expand the academic exchanges at the private level. d. Promote diplomatic relations and academic exchanges at both private level and governmental levels. e. Build on the lesson of China�s scientific revolution and expand academic exchanges with China through parallel studies. Yemeni and Chinese leaders need to discuss the coming together of the two nations as part of south west and south east Asian cooperation (in Sana'a or in Beijing rounds) and focus especially on issues related to globalization and WTO negotiations to safeguard human values. In my opinion any economic dealings with China will be sincere and respectful. I particularly admire the Chinese for their pride in the scientific revolution and their drive for self-sufficiency. As a Yemeni, I would like to commend China on its excellent work and endless efforts to return peace to Yemen and also for helping many other countries improve their economy. Finally I would like to reiterate that China is an important economic partner of Yemen and one of the fastest growing economies in the world. It is a country which we believe has a tremendous future to look forward to. About the Author: * Dr. Eng. Mohammed Darsi Abdulrahman Nedham is a specialist in Petroleum
  • Geology. Now he is a member of the Joint Consultative Committee (JCC) dealing with Yemen Hunt Oil Company. He graduated from Jilin University, China in 2002 as a Doctor of Science and began his professional career by working as a petroleum engineer, geologist in the Petroleum Exploration and Production Board (Aden Branch). His scientific interest centers on Geological Research History, Earth Science software application and basin-modeling problems. References: For more detailed information about the Yemeni-Chinese relationship, the following bibliography and Web Site Sources are essential: 1 Daum, Warner. 1988. "From the Queen of Saba to a Modern State: 3000 Years of Civilization in Southern Arabia." Yemen. Autria: Penguin. 2 Garbini, Giovanni. 1988. "Semitic and Indo-European Languages." Yemen: 3000 Years of Art and Civilisation in Arabia Felix. Austria: Penguin. 3 New Traveler's Guide to Yemen. 1987. Bhrain: Oriental Press. 4 Saint-Prot, Charles. _____. Happy Arabia: From Antiquity to Ali Abdullah Salih, The Yemeni Unifier. _________Bissan. 5 Qafisheh, Hamdi A. 1990. Yemeni Arabic�T. Lebanon: Librairie Du Liban. 6 Yemen: Insight Guide. 1993. singapore: APA Publications Ltd. 7 http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200411/07/eng20041107_163026.html Wu Bangguo 8 http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/data/people/wubangguo.shtml>;, 9 Beijing http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/data/province/beijing.html>; Source: Xinhua
  • 10 http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/data/nigeria.html. Zambia 11 <http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/data/zambia.html>; 12 12. http://www.aiys.org/webdate/wran.html 13 13. http://www.akse.uni-kiel.de/aksenews.htm 14 14. http://www.al-bab.com/yemen/soc/manea1.htm 15 http://www.arts.monash.edu.au/nksc/index.htm 16 http://www.dur.ac.uk/BAKS/#links 17 http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~korea/schedule/index.html 18 http://www.gpc.org.ye/Ancient.htm 19 http://www2.hawaii.edu/korea/About%20the%20Center/about.htm 20 http://www.isop.ucla.edu/korea/default.htm 21 http://www.kf.or.kr/english/about/index.html 22 http://www.lsa.umich.edu/asian/ 23 http://www.lib.washington.edu/East-Asia/korea/koreapg.html 24 http://www.wolfson.ox.ac.uk/korean-studies/ukkorst.htm 25 25. http://www.yementimes.com/00/iss32/intrview.htm 26 26. http://www.yementimes.com/00/iss22/intrview.htm
  • 27 http://www.y.net.ye/aden_university/Foundation.html