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The Geological Research History Work In The Republic Of Yemen (1947 1967)
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The Geological Research History Work In The Republic Of Yemen (1947 1967)

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ABSTRACT: ...

ABSTRACT:
This paper is the first paper, which discusses the geological research history work in the Republic of Yemen during the period from 1947 to 1967. And it\'s also the second paper after my first paper on the period from 1852 to 1946 (See Yemen Times newspaper. Issue 2-January 10th through January 16 2000, Vol. IX, Culture Page). The geological research work history in the Republic of Yemen is a brief rich culture history, included information about the first and most famous Geologists.

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The Geological Research History Work In The Republic Of Yemen (1947 1967) Document Transcript

  • 1. The Geological Research History Work in the Republic of Yemen (1947-1967) Yemen Times 10 - March 6th thru March 12th 2000, Vol XBy: Mohammed Darsi*ABSTRACT:This paper is the first paper, which discusses the geological research history work inthe Republic of Yemen during the period from 1947 to 1967. And its also the secondpaper after my first paper on the period from 1852 to 1946 (See Yemen Timesnewspaper. Issue 2-January 10th through January 16 2000, Vol. IX, Culture Page).The geological research work history in the Republic of Yemen is a brief rich culturehistory, included information about the first and most famous Geologists.INTRODUCTION:It is known that rich culture history is largely depended upon written documents,whereas the geological research history work story must be inferred from the carefulstudy. Based on variably detailed information of hundreds publications references. Idecided to divided the geological research history work in the Republic of Yemen tofour stages:First Stage: 1852-1901. I gave it two new names:First name: The First Systematic Geological Observation Stage.Second name: Carters Stage.Second Stage: 1902-1946. I gave it the following name:The Hinterland Studies Stage.Third Stage: 1947-1967.Forth stage: 1968 - until todayThird Stage: 1947-1967This Stage must started after World War II (at the end of the first half of the twentiethcentury) till after independent of the two parts (North and South) of the Republic ofYemen. This Third Stage I gave it two new names:First name: The First systematic more detailed Stratigraphic and Geological StudiesStage.
  • 2. Second name: Beydoun, Z.R., s Stage.BEYDOUN, Z. R., late 1953One of the most famous geologists gave his time and life on studying the geology ofYemen. He died on 7 March 1998 in Beirut, at age of seventy-three. We (YemeniGeologists) are highly and greatly appreciated him as brilliant mind, wrote manypublication about Yemen, which distinguished services to geological exploration andresearch.THE MEN OF THIS STAGE WERE:1. Thesiger, W., 1947. Wrote about his Journey to the Southern Arabia and the EmptyQuarter.2. Wetzel, R., 1947 - 48. The First field-based geological mapping and stratigraphicdescription was started by3. Morton, D.M., 1948 - 50. He with Wetzel, R. continued the same work, which wasstarted by Wetzel, R., when they worked for the Iraq Petroleum Company andAssociated Companies (IPC). Their work concentrated mainly on the southern part ofMahra with some work near Mukalla, in Wadi Hadramaut and they also carried outwork on the salt dome of Bayhan.4. Heybroek, 1950. Made reconnaissance trips in the Shuqra and Dathina areas andalso the area between Aden and Dhala.5. Bagnold, R.A., 1951. Studied the Sand Formation in Southern Arabia.6. Jaques, E. H., 1952. Made a reconnaissance survey mainly in the Western AdenProtectorate (former South Yemen), devoting considerable attention to economicmineral occurrences and wrote notes to accompany the Provisional Geological Map ofthe Western Aden Protectorate.7. Bunker, D.G., 1953 Wrote about the southwest Borderlands of Rub al Khali.8. Beydoun, Z.R., 1953. He is The Man of this stage.9. Hudson, R.G.S., 1954. Published Notes on Jurassic stromatopora from southernArabia.10. Lipparini, T., 1954. Wrote about the geology of the South Western Arabia.11. Geukens, F., 1955. Travelled much (former North Yemen) for the United NationsDevelopment Programs and augmented the lithostratigrafic data obtained by Lamareand his colleagues. In 1960, wrote about Yemen geology. And in 1966, wrote aProfessor Paper on the Geology of the Arabian Peninsula, Yemen.12. Greenwood, J.E.G.W., 1958. Carried out field investigations and photogeologicalmapping,mainly on basement rocks in the western part of then Aden Protectorate
  • 3. (former South Yemen). This work has been published as two geological map sheetson 1:250,000 scale (1967).13. Schott, W., 1960. Provided an additional observations, but of more local nature onthe lithology of the stratigraphic succession, together with paleontological /palynological age dating in connection, generally with economic objectives, for theformer North Yemen, which limits for the still semi-formal nomenclature utilizedthere.14. Bleackley, D.,1961. He and Greenwood supplemented field work started byGreenwood on 1958 and after that they wrote a Professor Paper on the Geology of theArabian Peninsula, Aden Protectorate (1967).15,16. Irving, A. and Tarling, T. H., 1961. They made a study on thePalaeomagnetism of the Aden Volcanoes.17,18. Gass, I.G. and Mallick, D.I.J., 1966. Published a study on the Acid volcanisamon the South Arabian coast.19. Bichan, H.R., 1967. He is the first one, who concentrated his study principally onthe basement rocks of the Socotra archipelago, which were reported on by him andBeydon, Z.R., 1970.CONCLUSIONS:1. On The First Stage (1852-1901), geological observations were made by variouswriters, (Burr F., 1844; Blanford, W.T., 1869; Mallet, F.R., 1871; Miles, S. B. &Munzinger, Werner, M., 1871; McMahon, C.A., 1883), who published their worksmostly on the lavas of Aden, but Carter, H.J., 1852 was the first man and the lonelyman of this stage, who was interested in Yemen and especially in the southern part ofthe Arabian Peninsula Coast and who made the first systematic account ofobservations at variety of selected locations along the south Arabian coast fromMuscat to Aden. So I gave This First Stage, two new names:First name: The First Systematic Geological Observation Stage.Second name: Carters Stage,2. On The Second Stage (1902-1946), It was known, it was not till the early part oftwentieth century, that some geological exploration of the hinterland made by variouswriters, so I gave The Second Stage, the following name: The Hinterland StudiesStage.3. On The First stage (The First Systematic Geological Observation Stage orCARTER, H.J., Stage.) and The Second Stage (The Hinterland Studies Stage) earlymaps were based on photographs and on isolated visits, generally to the coastal regionso Geologic and stratigraphic relations in the region are complex and it must berealized that it was not until after The Second Stage (The Hinterland Studies Stage),that it was possible to compile of the region.
  • 4. 4. On The Third Stage (1947-1967), More regional, extensive and relatively detailedinvestigations have taken place covering most aspects of geological studies, where agreat number of stratigraphic sections were measured and a considerable number offield samples collected for palaneontological and microfacies study and geologicaland photogeological mapping. So, I gave The Third Stage two new names:First name: The First systematic more detailed Stratigraphic and Geological StudiesStage.Second name: Beydoun, Z.R., s Stage.5. I want to drew (The Ministry of Oil and Mineral Resources in the Republic ofYemen, Researchers and all who are interested in this field) their attention on thefollowing Important Matter:If we, really want The Geological Research History Work in the Republic of Yemento be easy to read and to understand, we must, make a restudy on the history of theExploration Activities, a restudy on the history of Companies s Work and a restudyon the history of Scientific Expedition Work in the Republic of Yemen. And. Thisentire things in accordance to my classification and division to the GeologicalResearch History Work in the Republic of Yemen to four stages. For Example:It is known that, Egyptian University sent the First Scientific Expedition to SouthwestArabia in 1937. So, in accordance to my classification and division to the GeologicalResearch History Work in the Republic of Yemen to four stages, it would be easy tosay, that was happened on the Second Stage or on the Hinterland Studies Stage.6. This study led to significant improvement in imaging about the geological researchhistory in the Republic of Yemen, particularly about the first and the most famousgeologists, who worked visits, and this has been key to understanding.7. It is broad in scope so as to serve both the beginning geology major and the undergraduate seeking to learn about or to make him read about the geological researchhistory work in Yemen.ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSI would like to extend my thanks to the Yemeni Ministry of Oil and MineralResources (MOMR) and also to the Changchun University of science and technologyfor there help and support.I gratefully thank the Editors of World Geology for their suggestions and guidelinesfor publishing the paper.I am indebted to Professors Wang Dong Po and Xue Lin Fu (Changchun Universityof science and technology), who provided many helpful suggestions and comments. Iam also so indebted to Mr. Walid Al-Saqqaf and all the Editors of Yemen Timesnewspaper for publishing the paper.*ABOUT THE AUTHOR:Mohammed Darsi Abdulrahman Nedham graduated from the Russian among PeopleFriendship University in 1991 as a Petroleum Engineer, Geologist (M.S. degree). He
  • 5. began his professional career by working as petroleum engineer, geologist in thePetroleum Exploration and Production Board (Aden Branch). His scientific interest isconcentrated on the Geological Research History Work, Earth science softwareapplication and basin-modeling problems.