HIV / AIDSPREVENTIONACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCYSYNDROME
ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME FIRST CASE IN AMERICA JUNE 1981 From 1981 to 2001 -- 1.4 MILLION persons in united states were infected with HIV 816,149 cases were AIDS and 467,910 died during this period
ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROMESince 1998, 40,000 new cases of AIDSdiagnosed each yearThere were 65,000 new cases of AIDSdiagnosed in 2007
ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME Many HIV-infected persons do not get tested until late in their infection 20% of those who get tested, do not return to get the results
ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME 25% of persons living with HIV infection are UNAWARE because they have not been tested
ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROMEOraQuick HIV rapid test wasapproved by the Food and DrugAdministration in November 2002.Simple test provides HIV results in20 minutes
ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME• Don’t be fooled in believing that HIV infection is “no big deal”• There are medicines that decrease adverse symptoms, but there in NO medicine that cures the disease
ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCYSYNDROME Who gets HIV infections? There are many myths repeated by uninformed people. Some say “Gays” get it Some say “prostitutes” get it Some say “sinful people” get it
ACQUIREDIMMUNODEFICIENCYSYNDROME Regular People
ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROMEHow to prevent becoming infected with HIV virus
HIV KNOWS NO AGE Women in America outlive men and so more older women are in the dating game. Women over 50 are becoming infected by HIV and developing AIDS when they re-enter the dating game. Dating after 50 is DIFFERENT from dating thirty years ago.
Don’t Get Infected with HIV Unprotected sex with ANYONE is risking getting a sexually transmitted disease Only barrier protection… Condoms.. Provide protection from HIV infection There is NO PREVENTIVE medication available for HIV infection
Knowing If You Are Infected Get tested for HIV: All doctor’s offices can have you tested; Regional Health Departments can test you and Emergency Rooms can test you. Always ASK potential partner if he or she is POSITIVE for HIV or have had an HIV test within the last 6 months
If The HIV TEST IS POSITIVE1. A health department person should contact you to discuss how you may have gotten the infection.2. You should be assigned a university hospital-associated doctor who treats HIV infections3. You should start anti-viral medication immediately
Living With HIV Infection Today’s medication can control symptoms, but DO NOT PREVENT the spread of HIV. Giving HIV to another person is putting that person’s life at risk of DEATH There is NO MEDICAL cure for AIDS
HIV TREATMENT HIV medications are expensive Only University Hospitals have funding to provide assistance with the cost of anti-viral medications Without HIV retroviral medications, most people develop lung complications, sores on the body, weight loss and death within a few years of infection
HOW HIV IS TRANSMITTED1. Sexual Intercourse without condom or barrier protection2. Natural Childbirth3.Exposure to body fluids: blood, surgical fluids from the body, drainage from infected body sores, semen/sperm, vaginal discharge fluids
Sex and Good Communication Know your partner well enough to discuss sex history and his/her chance of being HIV positive Make a date to get tested for HIV at the same time before “going all the way” If you both are negative, use barrier methods (condoms) anyway… you may not be his/her only partner.
What is NOT HIV Transmission KISSING does Not transmit HIV EATING from the same plate, spoon or fork does NOT transmit HIV. SLEEPING near an infected person does NOT transmit HIV SITTING near an infected person does NOT transmit HIV
What is NOT HIV Transmission PRAYING with a person does NOT transmit HIV HELPING BATHE a person does NOT transmit HIV HUGGING a person does NOT transmit HIV
ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME Knowing your HIV status is a necessary part of good health practices
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