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United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far
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United Nations Millennium Development Goals: the story so far

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What are the achievements on the 15 year promise? : not yet, as there is a lot that is yet to be done and the priority is to urgently redefine our goals for the post 2015 agenda, taking cue from the …

What are the achievements on the 15 year promise? : not yet, as there is a lot that is yet to be done and the priority is to urgently redefine our goals for the post 2015 agenda, taking cue from the UNDP-CII Consultation by Prof Anoop Swarup on the 23rd of Jan 2013

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  • Dr Anoop Swarup
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    • 1. Millennium Development Goals &The India Connect: Madhya Pradesh By Dr Anoop Swarup
    • 2. BACKGROUND The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight international development goals that were officially established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, following the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration. All 193 United Nations member states and at least 23 international organizations have agreed to achieve these goals by the year 2015. It concerns all of us : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v3p2VLTowAA Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 3. IDEA The aim of the MDGs is to encourage development by improving social and economic conditions in the worlds poorest countries. They derive from earlier international development targets, and were officially established following the Millennium Summit in 2000, where all world leaders in attendance adopted the United Nations Millennium Declaration The MDGs originated from the Millennium Declaration produced by the United Nations. The Declaration asserts that every individual has the right to dignity, freedom, equality, a basic standard of living that includes freedom from hunger and violence, and encourages tolerance and solidarity. The MDGs were made to operationalize these ideas by setting targets and indicators for poverty reduction in order to achieve the rights set forth in the Declaration on a set fifteen-year timeline. Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 4. ORIGINS & FUNDS The Millennium Summit Declaration came about from not just the UN but also the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund. The setting came about through a series of UN‑ led conferences in the 1990s focusing on issues such as children, nutrition, human rights, women and others. The OECD criticized major donors for reducing their levels of Official Development Assistance (ODA). With the onset of the UNs 50th anniversary, then UN Secretary General Kofi Annan saw the need to address the range of development issues. This led to his report titled, We the Peoples: The Role of the United Nations in the 21st Century which led to the Millennium Declaration. By this time, the OECD had already formed its International Development Goals (IDGs) and it was combined with the UNs efforts in the World Banks 2001 meeting to form the MDGs. The MDG focus on three major areas: of valorizing human capital, improving infrastructure, and increasing social, economic and political rights, with the majority of the focus going towards increasing basic standards of living. Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 5. OBJECTIVES The objectives chosen within the human capital focus include improving nutrition, healthcare (including reducing levels of child mortality, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, and increasing reproductive health), and education. For infrastructure, the objectives include improving infrastructure through increasing access to safe drinking water, energy and modern information/communication technology; amplifying farm outputs through sustainable practices; improving transportation infrastructure; and preserving the environment. For the social, economic and political rights focus, the objectives include empowering women, reducing violence, increasing political voice, ensuring equal access to public services, and increasing security of property rights. The goals chosen were intended to increase an individual’s human capabilities and "advance the means to a productive life“. The MDGs emphasize that individual policies needed to achieve these goals should be tailored to individual country’s needs; therefore most policy suggestions are general. The MDGs also emphasize the role of developed countries in aiding developing countries, as outlined in Goal Eight. Goal Eight sets objectives and targets for developed countries to achieve a "global partnership for development" by supporting fair trade, debt relief for developing nations, increasing aid and access to affordable essential medicines, and encouraging technology transfer. Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 6. GOALSThe MDGs were developed out of the eight chapters of the Millennium Declaration, signed in September 2000. There are eight goals with 21 targets, and a series of measurable indicators for each target.Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hungerA short video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nuvl9vOZedE Target 1A: Halve the proportion of people living on less than $1 a day Proportion of population below $1 per day (PPP values) Poverty gap ratio [incidence x depth of poverty] Share of poorest quintile in national consumption Target 1B: Achieve Decent Employment for Women, Men, and Young People GDP Growth per Employed Person Employment Rate Proportion of employed population below $1 per day (PPP values) Proportion of family-based workers in employed population Target 1C: Halve the proportion of people who suffer from hunger Prevalence of underweight children under five years of age Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 7. Goal 1 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Estimates suggest the MDG target to halve the proportion of people living in "extreme poverty" was met in 2010, five years ahead of the 2015 deadline. Although poverty has fallen in every region since 1990, however, it is populous countries such as China and India that are driving the global picture of progress.Source: http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/poverty-matters/2012/oct/31/millennium-development-goals-key-datasets Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 8. Goal 1 Poverty India State Wise Ratios Source : Millennium Development Goals , States of India Report 2010 ( Special Edition) Central Statistics Office , Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation , Government of India Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 9. Goal 1 Poverty MP StateSource : An analysis of questions raised in the Madhya Pradesh Assembly on issues related to MDGsMadhya Pradesh Proceedings Analysis – 2009.pdf Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 10. GOALSGoal 2: Achieve universal primary education• Target 2A: By 2015, all children can complete a full course of primary schooling, girls and boys• Enrollment in primary education• Completion of primary education• everyone will get into schoolGoal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women• Target 3A: Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015• Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education• Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector• Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament• For girls in some regions, education remains elusive• Poverty is a major barrier to education, especially among older girls• In every developing region except the CIS, men outnumber women in paid employment• Women are largely relegated to more vulnerable forms of employment• Women are over-represented in informal employment, with its lack of benefits and security• Top-level jobs still go to men — to an overwhelming degree• Women are slowly rising to political power, but mainly when boosted by quotas and other special measures Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 11. Goal 2 Achieve Universal Primary Education Recently education for all global monitoring report said the MDG target to ensure all children complete a full course of primary school by 2015 is likely to be missed by a wide margin. The number of out-of-school children has fallen to about 60 million, from 108 million in 1990, yet progress has slowed since 2004.Source : http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/poverty-matters/2012/oct/31/millennium-development-goals-key-datasets Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 12. Goal 2 Universal Primary Education India State Wise Ratios Source : Millennium Development Goals , States of India Report 2010 ( Special Edition) Central Statistics Office , Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation , Government of India Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 13. Goal 2 Universal Primary Education MP StateSource : An analysis of questions raised in the Madhya Pradesh Assembly on issues related to MDGsMadhya Pradesh Proceedings Analysis – 2009.pdf Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 14. Goal 3 Promote gender equality and empower women  Eliminating gender disparity in schools is the only official target for this sweeping MDG. This year, the UN said girls had reached parity with boys in primary school enrolment .  The gender equality goal also measures the share of women in paid employment in the non-agricultural sector and the proportion of seats held by women in national parliament, but these are indicators to be tracked rather than specific, time- bound targets to be met.Source : http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/poverty- Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013matters/2012/oct/31/millennium-development-goals-key-datasets
    • 15. Goal 3 Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women MP StateSource : An analysis of questions raised in the Madhya Pradesh Assembly on issues related to MDGsMadhya Pradesh Proceedings Analysis – 2009.pdf Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 16. GOALSGoal 4: Reduce child mortality rates• Target 4A: Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate• Under-five mortality rate• Infant (under 1) mortality rate• Proportion of 1-year-old children immunized against measlesGoal 5: Improve maternal health• Target 5A: Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio• Maternal mortality ratio• Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel• Target 5B: Achieve, by 2015, universal access to reproductive health• Contraceptive prevalence rate• Adolescent birth rate• Antenatal care coverage• Unmet need for family planning Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 17. Goal 4 Reduce child mortality • More children are living to their fifth birthday than ever before, but the world is still set to miss the MDG target to reduce the child mortality rate by two-thirds. The latest UN figures suggest child deaths fell by nearly half between 1990 and 2011, from 12 million to 6.9 million. UN officials say both rich and poor countries have the means to tackle child mortality, as many under-five deaths are attributed to largely preventable causes. But, if anything, the past 20 years show sub-Saharan Africa and south Asia moving further apart from the rest of the world in terms of progress. In 2011, 82% of all under-five deaths occurred in these two regions.Source : http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/poverty- Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013matters/2012/oct/31/millennium-development-goals-key-datasets
    • 18. Goal 4 Child Mortality : India State Wise Ratios Source : Millennium Development Goals , States of India Report 2010 ( Special Edition) Central Statistics Office , Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation , Government of India Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 19. Goal 4 Child Mortality : MP State Source : An analysis of questions raised in the Madhya Pradesh Assembly on issues related to MDGs Madhya Pradesh Proceedings Analysis – 2009.pdf Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 20. Goal 5 Improve maternal health Source : http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/poverty-matters/2012/oct/31/millennium-development-goals-key-datasetsThe World Health Organization says the world has experienced a "significant reduction" in the number ofmaternal deaths over the past 20 years – from 543,000 in 1990 to 287,000 in 2010. However, current trendswill not meet the MDG target, which aims for a three-quarters reduction in maternal mortality by 2015.This goal also tracks access to reproductive health, the prevalence of contraception and the "unmet need forfamily planning". These issues have long been among global developments most contentious and politicallycharged, though there are signs that family planning is rising up the agenda amid concerns about populationgrowth. Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 21. Goal 5 Maternal Mortality: India State Wise RatiosSource : Millennium Development Goals , States of India Report 2010 ( Special Edition)Central Statistics Office , Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation , Government of India Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 22. Goal 5 Maternal Mortality: MP State Source : An analysis of questions raised in the Madhya Pradesh Assembly on issues related to MDGs Madhya Pradesh Proceedings Analysis – 2009.pdf Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 23. GOALSGoal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases Target 6A: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS• HIV prevalence among population aged 15–24 years• Condom use at last high-risk sex• Proportion of population aged 15–24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS• Target 6B: Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it• Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs• Target 6C: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases• Prevalence and death rates associated with malaria• Proportion of children under 5 sleeping under insecticide-treated bed nets• Proportion of children under 5 with fever who are treated with appropriate anti-malarial drugs• Incidence, prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosis• Proportion of tuberculosis cases detected and cured under DOTS (Directly Observed Treatment Short Course) Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 24. Goal 6 Combat HIV/Aids, malaria etc..  Globally, new HIV infections were 21% lower in 2010 than at their peak in 1997, and 15% lower than in 2001. But progress on tackling HIV and Aids varies significantly by region with, for example, new infections continuing to grow in the Caucasus and central Asia. More people are living with HIV, and the UN estimates a total of 2.5 million deaths have been averted in developing countries since 1995 because of anti-retroviral drugs.  However, progress has fallen short of the ambitious targets of having halted and begun to reverse the spread of HIV and Aids by 2015, and achieving universal access to treatment by 2010.  All regions appear to be on track to meet the MDG target to halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases such as tuberculosis. However, concerns remain about challenges such as multi-drug resistant tuberculosis, and the global conversation is shifting to pay more attention to "non-communicable" diseases such as diabetes and cancer.Source : http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/poverty-matters/2012/oct/31/millennium-development-goals-key-datasets Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 25. Goal 6 Combat HIV/Aids, malaria etc.. : MP StateSource : An analysis of questions raised in the Madhya Pradesh Assembly on issues related to MDGsMadhya Pradesh Proceedings Analysis – 2009.pdf Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 26. GOALSGoal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability• Target 7A: Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs; reverse loss of environmental resources• Target 7B: Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss •Proportion of land area covered by forest •CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) •Consumption of ozone-depleting substances •Proportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits •Proportion of total water resources used •Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected •Proportion of species threatened with extinction• Target 7C: Halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation (for more information see the entry on water supply) •Proportion of population with sustainable access to an improved water source, urban and rural •Proportion of urban population with access to improved sanitation• Target 7D: By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum-dwellers Proportion of urban population living in slums Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 27. Goal 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability • In March, the UN announced that the MDG target to halve the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water had been met in 2010, five years ahead of the 2015 deadline. However, some have contested whether the indicator – which tracks use of improved water sources such as piped supplies or protected wells – is an appropriate proxy for "safe water". Others point out that the MDG target to improve basic sanitation, such as access to latrines and hygienic waste collection, will not be met by 2015.Source : http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/poverty-matters/2012/oct/31/millennium-development-goals-key-datasets Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 28. Goal 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability : MP StateSource : An analysis of questions raised in the Madhya Pradesh Assembly on issues related to MDGsMadhya Pradesh Proceedings Analysis – 2009.pdf Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 29. GOALSGoal 8: Develop a global partnership for development• Target 8A: Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial systemIncludes a commitment to good governance, development, and poverty reduction – both nationally and internationally• Target 8B: Address the Special Needs of the Least Developed Countries (LDCs)Includes: tariff and quota free access for LDC exports; enhanced programme of debt relief for HIPC and cancellation of official bilateral debt; and more generous ODA (Official Development Assistance) for countries committed to poverty reduction• Target 8C: Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing StatesThrough the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States and the outcome of the twenty-second special session of the General Assembly• Target 8D: Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries through national and international measures in order to make debt sustainable in the long term• Target 8E: In co-operation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable, essential drugs in developing countriesProportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis• Target 8F: In co-operation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communicationsTelephone lines and cellular subscribers per 100 populationPersonal computers in use per 100 populationInternet users per 100 Population Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 30. Goal 8 Develop a global partnership for development A UN taskforce recently said they found it difficult to identify areas of significant progress on MDG eight, which focuses on what rich countries can and should do. They pointed to the recent fall in official development assistance: official aid from rich, OECD countries fell almost 3% to $133.5bn (about £81bn) last year, or around 0.31% of their aggregate gross national income.OECD aid flows, Percent change 2010 to2011 in real terms Source : http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/poverty-matters/2012/oct/31/millennium-development-goals-key-datasets Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 31. MDG India Factsheet Source: Millennium Development Goals India Country Report 2011 http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/uploa d/MDG_2010_01jan12.pdf Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 32. MDG India Factsheet Source : Millennium Development Goals India Country Report 2011 http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/uploa d/MDG_2010_01jan12.pdf Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 33. DRAWBACKS Drawbacks of the MDGs include the lack of analytical power and justification behind the chosen objectives. The MDGs leave out important ideals, such as the lack of strong objectives and indicators for equality, which is considered by many scholars to be a major flaw of the MDGs due to the disparities of progress towards poverty reduction between groups within nations. The MDGs also lack a focus on local participation and empowerment (excluding women’s empowerment) [Deneulin & Shahani 2009]. The MDGs also lack an emphasis on sustainability, making their future after 2015 questionable. While the MDGs are a tool for tracking progress toward basic poverty reduction and provide a very basic policy road map to achieving these goals, they do not capture all elements needed to achieve the ideals set out in the Millennium Declaration. Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 34. PROGRESS Progress towards reaching the goals has been uneven. Some countries, such as Brazil, have achieved many of the goals, while others, such as Benin, are not on track to realize any. The major countries that have been achieving their goals include China (whose poverty population has reduced from 452 million to 278 million) and India due to clear internal and external factors of population and economic development. The World Bank estimated that MDG 1A (halving the proportion of people living on less than $1 a day) was achieved in 2008 mainly due to the results from these two countries and East Asia. Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 35. CHALLENGES ’’World military spending has now risen to over $1.2 trillion. This incredible sum represents 2.5 per cent of GDP(global gross domestic product). Even if 1 per cent of it were redirected towards development, the world would be much closer to achieving the Millennium Development Goals’’. -- Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon Although developed countries aid for the achievement of the MDGs have been rising over recent years, it has shown that more than half is towards debt relief owed by poor countries. As well, remaining aid money goes towards disaster relief and military aid which does not further the country into development. According to the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (2006), the 50 least developed countries only receive about one third of all aid that flows from developed countries, raising the issue of aid not moving from rich to poor depending on their development needs but rather from rich to their closest allies. Many development experts question the MDGs model of transferring billions of dollars directly from the wealthy nation governments to the often bureaucratic or corrupt governments in developing countries. Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 36. CONTROVERSIES Controversy over funding of 0.7% of GNI Over the past 35 years, the members of the UN have repeatedly made a "commit[ment] 0.7% of rich- countries gross national income (GNI) to Official Development Assistance". The commitment was first made in 1970 by the UN General Assembly. The text of the commitment was: Each economically advanced country will progressively increase its official development assistance to the developing countries and will exert its best efforts to reach a minimum net amount of 0.7 percent of its gross national product at market prices by the middle of the decade. However, there has been disagreement from the United States as well as other nations over the Monterrey Consensus that urged "developed countries that have not done so to make concrete efforts towards the target of 0.7 per cent of gross national product (GNP) as ODA to developing countries" Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 37. POST 2015 AGENDA At the September 2010 MDG Summit, UN Member States initiated steps towards advancing the development agenda beyond 2015 and are now leading a process of open, inclusive consultations on the post-2015 agenda. Civil society organizations from all over the world have also begun to engage in the post-2015 process, while academia and other research institutions, including think tanks, are particularly active. The United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction started a process of consultations as the disaster risk reduction community heads toward the end date of the current blueprint for global disaster risk reduction, the Hyogo Framework of Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters. On 31 July 2012, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon appointed 26 civil society, private sector, and government leaders from all regions to a high-level panel to advise on the global development agenda beyond 2015 Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 38. THANKS“My colleagues and I took a stand in our work several years ago that we would not look for themagic bullet, because there is none. These are just basic problems requiring basic work. Nothing magic about it.“ -- Jeffrey Sachs A short video that touched me http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xc2L2DkIK-w Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 39. Questions ?The first question looks at the changing global context.• Has the world changed since the Millennium Declaration was drafted in 2000? What challenges remain? What challenges are new?• Why are the Millennium Development Goals still not reached? What factors have impeded progress?• What has been done globally to finance implementation of the Millennium Development Goals?This set of questions looks at the national context.• What are the global trends and uncertainties that will affect India in the decades ahead?• What has been done to reduce poverty, inequality and marginalization in your community in the past decade? What more needs to be done in India as a whole? In your community? Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 40. Questions ?This set of questions looks at development in India.• What kind of national development do you want to see in the next decade?• What are the obstacles to development in India?• What has been the impact of development schemes and missions on marginalized and vulnerable groups?• Are there groups that have missed out and haven’t gotten their fair share of development or had trouble accessing anti- poverty missions and schemes? Why did they miss out and what is being done to ensure they also benefit?• Do women and girls have specific needs and if so, what are they? How can they be addressed?• Do the age groups at both ends of the demographic scale—the young and elderly--have specific needs and if so, what are they? How can they be addressed?• What needs to be done to increase resilience to crisis and shocks, including natural disasters, in India as a whole? In your community?• What steps need to be taken globally to generate economic growth? What steps need to be taken nationally?• What steps need to be taken globally to generate employment and create jobs? What steps need to be taken nationally?• Is there a trade-off between reducing poverty and inequality and ensuring sustainable development? If so, how can this trade-off be managed for the collective good? Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013
    • 41. Questions ?This set of questions looks at principles, goals, timelines, targets and accountability for the new post-2015 framework.• Are there principles from the Millennium Declaration that be used for the post-2015 development framework?• Of the broad themes in the Millennium Declaration relating to poverty eradication, protecting our common environment, human rights, democracy and good governance, which should be prioritized in the post-2015 development framework?• What should be the priority global goals for the post-2015 development framework?• How can the global goals be designed to reflect priorities in both developed and developing countries?• How can the goals build on the negotiated outcomes agreed at the Rio +20 Conference on sustainable development?• How can the new goals address the causes of poverty, inequality and exclusion and not only the consequences?• What time-line should be set for the post 2015 framework?• What targets and indicators should be included in the post 2015 framework?• What innovative and effective examples of accountability mechanisms at the local, national, regional level can be used to monitor the post-2015 framework? What kind of mechanisms can be used in India to monitor the new post 2015 framework?• What governance gaps need to be filled before 2015 to ensure that the post-2015 framework is implemented?• How should the global development partnership be structured to ensure shared responsibility and timely financing for the post 2015 framework? Talk at CII by Dr. Anoop Swarup : 23 Jan 2013

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