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Staff PredatorsStaff Predators
Anna C. SalterAnna C. Salter
AgendaAgenda
 Staff PredatorsStaff Predators
 Fooling OurselvesFooling Ourselves
 Detecting DeceptionDetecting Deceptio...
Perpetrators & VictimsPerpetrators & Victims
Staff-Inmate SexStaff-Inmate Sex
InstigationInstigation EitherEither
Manipula...
Psychopaths & Lost SoulsPsychopaths & Lost Souls
Lost Souls – MajorityLost Souls – Majority
Psychopaths 10 to 20%Psychopat...
Insanity AcquitteesInsanity Acquittees
PsychoticPsychotic MalingersMalingers
 PCL-R TotalPCL-R Total 1919 3535
(Gacono et...
Insanity AcquitteesInsanity Acquittees
MalingersMalingers PsychoticPsychotic
Sexual With/Sexual With/
Married StaffMarried...
Insanity AcquitteesInsanity Acquittees
MalingersMalingers NonNon
Murder/AttemptedMurder/Attempted 39%39% 17%17%
RapeRape 2...
Staff Solicitation ProcessStaff Solicitation Process
 Getting InformationGetting Information
 Target SelectionTarget Sel...
Starts on Day 1Starts on Day 1
““Put yourself in that position.Put yourself in that position.
You’re new here. Someone wou...
Gathering InformationGathering Information
VerbalVerbal
 What Staff Say to ThemWhat Staff Say to Them
 What Staff Say to...
What Staff Say to InmatesWhat Staff Say to Inmates
““Find out something personalFind out something personal
you’re not sup...
What Staff Say to InmatesWhat Staff Say to Inmates
““They’re being real friendly. . .They’re being real friendly. . .
She ...
What Staff Say to InmatesWhat Staff Say to Inmates
““I can pretty much tell you whichI can pretty much tell you which
of t...
What Staff Say To InmatesWhat Staff Say To Inmates
““With men, it’s usually our age orWith men, it’s usually our age or
yo...
FishingFishing
““Hey, Judy, me and yourHey, Judy, me and your
daughter. Two years fromdaughter. Two years from
now. Me and...
What Staff Say to Other StaffWhat Staff Say to Other Staff
““You learn a lot more aboutYou learn a lot more about
people b...
Gathering InformationGathering Information
NonverbalNonverbal
NonverbalNonverbal
““You can basically tell who’s weak,You can basically tell who’s weak,
who’s going to make it in awho’s...
NonverbalNonverbal
““If guys see that, they’ll go. ..If guys see that, they’ll go. ..
They say, ‘I’m going to sayThey say,...
FearFear
““In this system they’re not reallyIn this system they’re not really
afraid. They don’t understand thatafraid. Th...
NonverbalNonverbal
““She’s action.She’s action.
She’s action.She’s action.
She’s action.”She’s action.”
NonverbalNonverbal
““Some of them, they almost actSome of them, they almost act
like they’re not in prison. Youlike they’r...
NonverbalNonverbal
““Then we say,Then we say,
‘‘She can be worked with.She can be worked with.
She can be worked with.’ An...
NonverbalNonverbal
““As soon as she came, I know IAs soon as she came, I know I
had her. I was working out in thehad her. ...
Victim SelectionVictim Selection
Target Selection:Target Selection:
Assessing VulnerabilityAssessing Vulnerability
 ImmediateImmediate
 Change in Circums...
Target SelectionTarget Selection
 Overly friendlyOverly friendly
 Overly harshOverly harsh
Too Hard; Too SoftToo Hard; Too Soft
““I’ve seen female staff withI’ve seen female staff with
reputations for being a hard...
Too Hard; Too SoftToo Hard; Too Soft
““Sometimes she’s stern andSometimes she’s stern and
shitty and you just know.”shitty...
What Makes People Vulnerable?What Makes People Vulnerable?
 Needing Attention or PraiseNeeding Attention or Praise
 Feel...
VulnerabilityVulnerability
““With females, they prey onWith females, they prey on
women who don’t normally get thewomen wh...
VulnerabilityVulnerability
““There’s a perfect one right here.There’s a perfect one right here.
Boyfriend/girlfriend where...
VulnerabilityVulnerability
““Eventually something will let youEventually something will let you
know that he or she smokes...
What Makes People Vulnerable?What Makes People Vulnerable?
 Belief in ReciprocityBelief in Reciprocity
 Capacity for Emp...
The HighThe High
““What helps me so much is I haveWhat helps me so much is I have
something about me I can really attracts...
The HighThe High
““It’s like a rush. I really don’t knowIt’s like a rush. I really don’t know
how to explain it. I’ve neve...
The HighThe High
““The best part I just basically toldThe best part I just basically told
them you are so fucking stupid.t...
The HighThe High
““Getting the person to trust meGetting the person to trust me
first. Then I knew I could dofirst. Then I...
CallousnessCallousness
““I’ve never been physical. . . Kind ofI’ve never been physical. . . Kind of
what I felt is when yo...
EmpathyEmpathy
““You try to let them know.You try to let them know.
I’m a good person. I only doI’m a good person. I only ...
DeceptionDeception
““I’d create a fictional personI’d create a fictional person
and create what they want toand create wha...
VulnerabilityVulnerability
““Some officers try to be soSome officers try to be so
friendly and so hip. We’re thefriendly a...
Using VulnerabilityUsing Vulnerability
““If I see someone who I feel isIf I see someone who I feel is
vulnerable I’m going...
Using VulnerabilityUsing Vulnerability
““If it doesn’t result in a physicalIf it doesn’t result in a physical
relationship...
Using VulnerabilityUsing Vulnerability
““He can still get something. WhyHe can still get something. Why
not spend $.33?”no...
Assessing VulnerabilityAssessing Vulnerability
““If there’s no way I canIf there’s no way I can
manipulate you or it’s goi...
Familiar
Professional
IndebtedIndependent
Familiar
Professional
IndebtedIndependent
SETUP
ReciprocityReciprocity
Give before you take.Give before you take.
ReciprocityReciprocity
Disabled American VeteransDisabled American Veterans
ResponseResponse
 No gummed labelsNo gummed l...
ReciprocityReciprocity
““None of my victims did I everNone of my victims did I ever
care about. I have a way ofcare about....
IndebtednessIndebtedness
 Small favorsSmall favors
 ProtectionProtection
 Ego enhancementEgo enhancement
Offers of ProtectionOffers of Protection
““Offer to put you up on how thingsOffer to put you up on how things
are run arou...
Offers of ProtectionOffers of Protection
““You’re new. You’re in segregation.You’re new. You’re in segregation.
You don’t ...
Ego EnhancementEgo Enhancement
Ego EnhancementEgo Enhancement
 ““You’re not like the rest.”You’re not like the rest.”
 ““You’re the only one who can he...
Ego EnhancementEgo Enhancement
““If you can make a person feelIf you can make a person feel
good about themselves, mostgoo...
Ego EnhancementEgo Enhancement
““We all make them feel like he’sWe all make them feel like he’s
cool. He’s one of the gang...
Ego EnhancementEgo Enhancement
““The main thing is to stroke theirThe main thing is to stroke their
ego. They’re all cool....
Ego EnhancementEgo Enhancement
““You can get almost anything youYou can get almost anything you
want if you let him think ...
Getting Familiar with StaffGetting Familiar with Staff
FamiliarityFamiliarity
““If they’ll talk about things outsideIf they’ll talk about things outside
the prison, they’ll get ...
FamiliarityFamiliarity
““Move the conversation over toMove the conversation over to
sex and drugs.”sex and drugs.”
SETUPSETUP
SexSex
 General sexual comments/jokesGeneral sexual comments/jokes
 ““They said . . I defended you.”They said . . I defe...
TouchingTouching
 AccidentalAccidental
 Deliberate nonsexualDeliberate nonsexual
 Deliberate sexualDeliberate sexual
Crossing the LineCrossing the Line
Crossing the LineCrossing the Line
FoodFood
Crossing the LineCrossing the Line
““Got a bag from MacDonald’s. ‘HeyGot a bag from MacDonald’s. ‘Hey
man. Give me some fo...
Crossing the LineCrossing the Line
““One day I asked her if I couldOne day I asked her if I could
write her a letter.write...
Crossing the LineCrossing the Line
““So I wrote her a letter. I told her ISo I wrote her a letter. I told her I
liked her ...
Crossing the LineCrossing the Line
““When she took the note, I had her.When she took the note, I had her.
It’s over. Reall...
The DemandThe Demand
The LeverThe Lever
The DemandThe Demand
““Bring me some weed. You’veBring me some weed. You’ve
told me you get high. Let me seetold me you ge...
The DemandThe Demand
““Bring me some weed or don’t bringBring me some weed or don’t bring
your ass back to work.”your ass ...
The LeverThe Lever
Information:Information:
““I know this, this and this.I know this, this and this.
Otherwise, how would ...
The LeverThe Lever
““I know all kinds of personalI know all kinds of personal
business about her. Her fatherbusiness about...
The LeverThe Lever
““Don’t start anything with me youDon’t start anything with me you
can’t finish. You’re in a position t...
HookedHooked
““They have their hooks in you and asThey have their hooks in you and as
long as you don’t want to lose yourl...
““I enjoyed it so much I abused it. It got toI enjoyed it so much I abused it. It got to
the point every day I wanted some...
““After a while I started to make up stories. .After a while I started to make up stories. .
. That my girlfriend had gott...
Splitting StaffSplitting Staff
Splitting and Isolating StaffSplitting and Isolating Staff
 Rumor millRumor mill
 Exploiting staff differencesExploiting...
Splitting StaffSplitting Staff
““This job don’t pay jack.”This job don’t pay jack.”
Splitting StaffSplitting Staff
““He might have an officer he don’tHe might have an officer he don’t
like working with. ‘Th...
Response of Other InmatesResponse of Other Inmates
Denial to Other OffendersDenial to Other Offenders
““Other guys will ask me, ‘WhatOther guys will ask me, ‘What
are you tw...
Admission to Other OffendersAdmission to Other Offenders
““Others will say, ‘That bitch aOthers will say, ‘That bitch a
fr...
CallousnessCallousness
CallousnessCallousness
““Sometimes I see easy prey.Sometimes I see easy prey.
Fuck her. She don’t know me.Fuck her. She do...
CallousnessCallousness
““In the back of my mind, she’s aIn the back of my mind, she’s a
guard. She means nothing toguard. ...
CallousnessCallousness
““They’re all enemies to me. IThey’re all enemies to me. I
don’t care for her. But I have todon’t c...
CallousnessCallousness
““Love? The word gets used butLove? The word gets used but
I’ve explained enough to her that,I’ve e...
CallousnessCallousness
Q. “Does she care about you?Q. “Does she care about you?
A. “She does. She does. She does.A. “She d...
CallousnessCallousness
““How do you feel about her?How do you feel about her?
“She’s a slut. She’s a tramp.”“She’s a slut....
CallousnessCallousness
““I didn’t have to take the role inI didn’t have to take the role in
life that I took. I could have...
CallousnessCallousness
““Someone like me doesn’t careSomeone like me doesn’t care
who the victim is. As long aswho the vic...
GrandiosityGrandiosity
““I’ve been fighting police all myI’ve been fighting police all my
life. I think like a criminal.li...
Grandiosity/Ego EnhancementGrandiosity/Ego Enhancement
““They’re going to hang themselves.They’re going to hang themselves...
StatusStatus
““Guys who get together withGuys who get together with
female staff are considered heroesfemale staff are con...
StatusStatus
““There’s almost a clique with guysThere’s almost a clique with guys
like me. Those who have beenlike me. Tho...
Response to Getting CaughtResponse to Getting Caught
““I said, ‘if I ever got caughtI said, ‘if I ever got caught
because ...
Ongoing?Ongoing?
““I won’t lie. There are severalI won’t lie. There are several
here who are cute I’ve talked tohere who a...
Ego Enhancement for Dr.Ego Enhancement for Dr.
SalterSalter
““I checked up on you. She saidI checked up on you. She said
y...
Getting Information fromGetting Information from
Dr. SalterDr. Salter
““So, why do you makeSo, why do you make
educational...
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TX Forensic Mental Health Conf. #1. Staff Predators

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Texas Forensic Mental Health Conference
Presenter: Dr. Salter
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Transcript of "TX Forensic Mental Health Conf. #1. Staff Predators"

  1. 1. Staff PredatorsStaff Predators Anna C. SalterAnna C. Salter
  2. 2. AgendaAgenda  Staff PredatorsStaff Predators  Fooling OurselvesFooling Ourselves  Detecting DeceptionDetecting Deception  Violent Offenders & Antisocial ThinkingViolent Offenders & Antisocial Thinking  Treatment of Antisocial ThinkingTreatment of Antisocial Thinking
  3. 3. Perpetrators & VictimsPerpetrators & Victims Staff-Inmate SexStaff-Inmate Sex InstigationInstigation EitherEither ManipulationManipulation EitherEither ResponsibilityResponsibility StaffStaff
  4. 4. Psychopaths & Lost SoulsPsychopaths & Lost Souls Lost Souls – MajorityLost Souls – Majority Psychopaths 10 to 20%Psychopaths 10 to 20%
  5. 5. Insanity AcquitteesInsanity Acquittees PsychoticPsychotic MalingersMalingers  PCL-R TotalPCL-R Total 1919 3535 (Gacono et al., 1995)(Gacono et al., 1995)
  6. 6. Insanity AcquitteesInsanity Acquittees MalingersMalingers PsychoticPsychotic Sexual With/Sexual With/ Married StaffMarried Staff 39%39% 0%0% (Gacono et al., 1995)(Gacono et al., 1995)
  7. 7. Insanity AcquitteesInsanity Acquittees MalingersMalingers NonNon Murder/AttemptedMurder/Attempted 39%39% 17%17% RapeRape 28%28% 6%6% Rape/MurderRape/Murder 11%11% 0%0% (Gacono et al., 1995)(Gacono et al., 1995)
  8. 8. Staff Solicitation ProcessStaff Solicitation Process  Getting InformationGetting Information  Target SelectionTarget Selection  Developing a Familiar RelationshipDeveloping a Familiar Relationship  IndebtednessIndebtedness  Splitting StaffSplitting Staff  Crossing the LineCrossing the Line  The Demand & the LeverThe Demand & the Lever  HookedHooked
  9. 9. Starts on Day 1Starts on Day 1 ““Put yourself in that position.Put yourself in that position. You’re new here. Someone wouldYou’re new here. Someone would see you, how you carry yourself.see you, how you carry yourself. ‘How are you, Officer Salter.’ Seeing‘How are you, Officer Salter.’ Seeing if you keep eye contact. What wereif you keep eye contact. What were you doing before you were here?”you doing before you were here?”
  10. 10. Gathering InformationGathering Information VerbalVerbal  What Staff Say to ThemWhat Staff Say to Them  What Staff Say to OthersWhat Staff Say to Others  What Other Staff Say to ThemWhat Other Staff Say to Them
  11. 11. What Staff Say to InmatesWhat Staff Say to Inmates ““Find out something personalFind out something personal you’re not supposed to know.you’re not supposed to know. What’s her birthday? What kind ofWhat’s her birthday? What kind of car? I’m having a conversationcar? I’m having a conversation with her but I’m collectingwith her but I’m collecting information from her that may beinformation from her that may be useful to me at a later time.”useful to me at a later time.”
  12. 12. What Staff Say to InmatesWhat Staff Say to Inmates ““They’re being real friendly. . .They’re being real friendly. . . She probably just thinks I’m beingShe probably just thinks I’m being friendly but I’m sizing her up. . .friendly but I’m sizing her up. . . We’re fattening them up for theWe’re fattening them up for the kill.”kill.”
  13. 13. What Staff Say to InmatesWhat Staff Say to Inmates ““I can pretty much tell you whichI can pretty much tell you which of the guards are drinking everyof the guards are drinking every night. Which ones are smokingnight. Which ones are smoking dope. . . People are who they are.dope. . . People are who they are. They may put on some armorThey may put on some armor when they come through the doorwhen they come through the door but they can’t not be who theybut they can’t not be who they are.”are.”
  14. 14. What Staff Say To InmatesWhat Staff Say To Inmates ““With men, it’s usually our age orWith men, it’s usually our age or younger. They talk too much.younger. They talk too much. They tell us entirely too muchThey tell us entirely too much information. They tell us whatinformation. They tell us what kind of bars they drink in.”kind of bars they drink in.”
  15. 15. FishingFishing ““Hey, Judy, me and yourHey, Judy, me and your daughter. Two years fromdaughter. Two years from now. Me and her.”now. Me and her.” Q. “What’s that all about?”Q. “What’s that all about?” “Fishing. He wants to know if“Fishing. He wants to know if I have a daughter.”I have a daughter.”
  16. 16. What Staff Say to Other StaffWhat Staff Say to Other Staff ““You learn a lot more aboutYou learn a lot more about people by listening to them talk topeople by listening to them talk to others than by what they say toothers than by what they say to you. If you hear them talking toyou. If you hear them talking to each other.”each other.”
  17. 17. Gathering InformationGathering Information NonverbalNonverbal
  18. 18. NonverbalNonverbal ““You can basically tell who’s weak,You can basically tell who’s weak, who’s going to make it in awho’s going to make it in a penitentiary by the first few weekspenitentiary by the first few weeks they’re here. If they’re not afraidthey’re here. If they’re not afraid of being off by themselves, they’reof being off by themselves, they’re going to be OK. If they’re alwaysgoing to be OK. If they’re always hanging around someone, can’t behanging around someone, can’t be by themselves, they’re weak.”by themselves, they’re weak.”
  19. 19. NonverbalNonverbal ““If guys see that, they’ll go. ..If guys see that, they’ll go. .. They say, ‘I’m going to sayThey say, ‘I’m going to say something. She better not saysomething. She better not say something. She’s scared.”something. She’s scared.”
  20. 20. FearFear ““In this system they’re not reallyIn this system they’re not really afraid. They don’t understand thatafraid. They don’t understand that they only go home because we letthey only go home because we let them. Because we chose to letthem. Because we chose to let them go home. That any time wethem go home. That any time we wanted to we could hurt one ofwanted to we could hurt one of them real bad.”them real bad.”
  21. 21. NonverbalNonverbal ““She’s action.She’s action. She’s action.She’s action. She’s action.”She’s action.”
  22. 22. NonverbalNonverbal ““Some of them, they almost actSome of them, they almost act like they’re not in prison. Youlike they’re not in prison. You know, loose, comfortable, like theyknow, loose, comfortable, like they don’t know it’s a prison.”don’t know it’s a prison.”
  23. 23. NonverbalNonverbal ““Then we say,Then we say, ‘‘She can be worked with.She can be worked with. She can be worked with.’ AndShe can be worked with.’ And the word will go down the line.”the word will go down the line.”
  24. 24. NonverbalNonverbal ““As soon as she came, I know IAs soon as she came, I know I had her. I was working out in thehad her. I was working out in the gym and I winked at her. Shegym and I winked at her. She smiled, and I thought, ‘I’ve gotsmiled, and I thought, ‘I’ve got her.”her.”
  25. 25. Victim SelectionVictim Selection
  26. 26. Target Selection:Target Selection: Assessing VulnerabilityAssessing Vulnerability  ImmediateImmediate  Change in CircumstancesChange in Circumstances
  27. 27. Target SelectionTarget Selection  Overly friendlyOverly friendly  Overly harshOverly harsh
  28. 28. Too Hard; Too SoftToo Hard; Too Soft ““I’ve seen female staff withI’ve seen female staff with reputations for being a hard ass.reputations for being a hard ass. Turned out she was one of theTurned out she was one of the easiest to get to once you know.”easiest to get to once you know.”
  29. 29. Too Hard; Too SoftToo Hard; Too Soft ““Sometimes she’s stern andSometimes she’s stern and shitty and you just know.”shitty and you just know.”
  30. 30. What Makes People Vulnerable?What Makes People Vulnerable?  Needing Attention or PraiseNeeding Attention or Praise  Feeling UnappreciatedFeeling Unappreciated  Feeling UnattractiveFeeling Unattractive
  31. 31. VulnerabilityVulnerability ““With females, they prey onWith females, they prey on women who don’t normally get thewomen who don’t normally get the kind of attention that they’re notkind of attention that they’re not exposed to outside the institution.exposed to outside the institution. When she comes in, they treat herWhen she comes in, they treat her like a queen. They don’t jokelike a queen. They don’t joke about her weight. They don’tabout her weight. They don’t make her feel stupid.”make her feel stupid.”
  32. 32. VulnerabilityVulnerability ““There’s a perfect one right here.There’s a perfect one right here. Boyfriend/girlfriend where she hasBoyfriend/girlfriend where she has come in with black eyes and he hascome in with black eyes and he has been known to hit her on statebeen known to hit her on state property. . . If going to him everyproperty. . . If going to him every night is a frightening experience andnight is a frightening experience and coming in to work every day andcoming in to work every day and talking to me is a pleasanttalking to me is a pleasant experience . . . that’s my in.”experience . . . that’s my in.”
  33. 33. VulnerabilityVulnerability ““Eventually something will let youEventually something will let you know that he or she smokes weed.know that he or she smokes weed. You start noticing them more. YouYou start noticing them more. You start observing their actions. Ifstart observing their actions. If you’re a drug user you tend to knowyou’re a drug user you tend to know the demeanor of a drug user, howthe demeanor of a drug user, how they carry themselves.”they carry themselves.”
  34. 34. What Makes People Vulnerable?What Makes People Vulnerable?  Belief in ReciprocityBelief in Reciprocity  Capacity for EmpathyCapacity for Empathy  Wanting to HelpWanting to Help
  35. 35. The HighThe High ““What helps me so much is I haveWhat helps me so much is I have something about me I can really attractsomething about me I can really attract people to me. . . The person gets topeople to me. . . The person gets to really care and trust me. The problem Ireally care and trust me. The problem I always had is where the excitementalways had is where the excitement would come in. I would get them towould come in. I would get them to trust me and I would set them up fortrust me and I would set them up for the fall. It’s almost like a power thatthe fall. It’s almost like a power that you have. It’s like a rush that you getyou have. It’s like a rush that you get from it.”from it.”
  36. 36. The HighThe High ““It’s like a rush. I really don’t knowIt’s like a rush. I really don’t know how to explain it. I’ve never beenhow to explain it. I’ve never been into drugs real strong. From justinto drugs real strong. From just what I have seen it’s like somebodywhat I have seen it’s like somebody who’s addicted to heroin or cocaine.who’s addicted to heroin or cocaine. An incredible feeling. Strongest atAn incredible feeling. Strongest at the end when I know I’m going to letthe end when I know I’m going to let them down in somethem down in some way.”way.”
  37. 37. The HighThe High ““The best part I just basically toldThe best part I just basically told them you are so fucking stupid.them you are so fucking stupid. You know I am a sex offender. IYou know I am a sex offender. I have child victims. You are stupidhave child victims. You are stupid enough. You and your wife both.enough. You and your wife both. You are fucking morons.You are fucking morons. Everything that’s happened to youEverything that’s happened to you – you deserve.”– you deserve.”
  38. 38. The HighThe High ““Getting the person to trust meGetting the person to trust me first. Then I knew I could dofirst. Then I knew I could do whatever I wanted. I wanted towhatever I wanted. I wanted to see the pain I could cause them,see the pain I could cause them, the bringing them down. It wasthe bringing them down. It was the ultimate rush.”the ultimate rush.”
  39. 39. CallousnessCallousness ““I’ve never been physical. . . Kind ofI’ve never been physical. . . Kind of what I felt is when you hurtwhat I felt is when you hurt someone physically, that goes away.someone physically, that goes away. When you hurt someoneWhen you hurt someone emotionally, that never goes away.emotionally, that never goes away. That was the thrill.”That was the thrill.”
  40. 40. EmpathyEmpathy ““You try to let them know.You try to let them know. I’m a good person. I only doI’m a good person. I only do bad things.”bad things.”
  41. 41. DeceptionDeception ““I’d create a fictional personI’d create a fictional person and create what they want toand create what they want to hear. . . It gets tiring to makehear. . . It gets tiring to make up lies all the time and keepup lies all the time and keep them straight.”them straight.”
  42. 42. VulnerabilityVulnerability ““Some officers try to be soSome officers try to be so friendly and so hip. We’re thefriendly and so hip. We’re the kind of guys they read about onkind of guys they read about on the news. We’re the tough guys.the news. We’re the tough guys. Some of them come from theseSome of them come from these small communities. They try tosmall communities. They try to be so nice. They call us by ourbe so nice. They call us by our first names.”first names.”
  43. 43. Using VulnerabilityUsing Vulnerability ““If I see someone who I feel isIf I see someone who I feel is vulnerable I’m going to throwvulnerable I’m going to throw something out there. If I catchsomething out there. If I catch them, I’m going to run with it. Ifthem, I’m going to run with it. If she’s lonely or whatever, I’m goingshe’s lonely or whatever, I’m going to try to capitalize on that. I’mto try to capitalize on that. I’m going to use it to my advantage.going to use it to my advantage. Hopefully, she’s not going to writeHopefully, she’s not going to write me up.”me up.”
  44. 44. Using VulnerabilityUsing Vulnerability ““If it doesn’t result in a physicalIf it doesn’t result in a physical relationship, it may result in a TV, arelationship, it may result in a TV, a pair of shoes, tapes, get somethingpair of shoes, tapes, get something from them. It’s a con.”from them. It’s a con.”
  45. 45. Using VulnerabilityUsing Vulnerability ““He can still get something. WhyHe can still get something. Why not spend $.33?”not spend $.33?”
  46. 46. Assessing VulnerabilityAssessing Vulnerability ““If there’s no way I canIf there’s no way I can manipulate you or it’s going to bemanipulate you or it’s going to be too time consuming, I’ll move on.”too time consuming, I’ll move on.”
  47. 47. Familiar Professional IndebtedIndependent
  48. 48. Familiar Professional IndebtedIndependent SETUP
  49. 49. ReciprocityReciprocity Give before you take.Give before you take.
  50. 50. ReciprocityReciprocity Disabled American VeteransDisabled American Veterans ResponseResponse  No gummed labelsNo gummed labels 18%18%  Gummed address labelsGummed address labels 35%35% (Cialdini, 2001)(Cialdini, 2001)
  51. 51. ReciprocityReciprocity ““None of my victims did I everNone of my victims did I ever care about. I have a way ofcare about. I have a way of showing them, of giving them ashowing them, of giving them a little care, showing them that Ilittle care, showing them that I put a lot of trust in them – which Iput a lot of trust in them – which I never do – and it’s pretty much anever do – and it’s pretty much a question of their returning it.”question of their returning it.”
  52. 52. IndebtednessIndebtedness  Small favorsSmall favors  ProtectionProtection  Ego enhancementEgo enhancement
  53. 53. Offers of ProtectionOffers of Protection ““Offer to put you up on how thingsOffer to put you up on how things are run around the penitentiary.are run around the penitentiary. What inmates you should stayWhat inmates you should stay away from.”away from.”
  54. 54. Offers of ProtectionOffers of Protection ““You’re new. You’re in segregation.You’re new. You’re in segregation. You don’t know these guys from aYou don’t know these guys from a can of paint. These guys are yellingcan of paint. These guys are yelling all kinds of things. Your heart isall kinds of things. Your heart is racing. ‘Don’t mind those guys.racing. ‘Don’t mind those guys. They’re just restless.’”They’re just restless.’”
  55. 55. Ego EnhancementEgo Enhancement
  56. 56. Ego EnhancementEgo Enhancement  ““You’re not like the rest.”You’re not like the rest.”  ““You’re the only one who can help.”You’re the only one who can help.”
  57. 57. Ego EnhancementEgo Enhancement ““If you can make a person feelIf you can make a person feel good about themselves, mostgood about themselves, most people will respond in kind. Theypeople will respond in kind. They will do things for you that are awill do things for you that are a little over the line, sometimes waylittle over the line, sometimes way over the line.”over the line.”
  58. 58. Ego EnhancementEgo Enhancement ““We all make them feel like he’sWe all make them feel like he’s cool. He’s one of the gang.”cool. He’s one of the gang.”
  59. 59. Ego EnhancementEgo Enhancement ““The main thing is to stroke theirThe main thing is to stroke their ego. They’re all cool. ‘I wish Iego. They’re all cool. ‘I wish I could be more like you.’”could be more like you.’”
  60. 60. Ego EnhancementEgo Enhancement ““You can get almost anything youYou can get almost anything you want if you let him think he’s inwant if you let him think he’s in control. ‘You’re a white shirt. Youcontrol. ‘You’re a white shirt. You can do whatever you want.’ Justcan do whatever you want.’ Just make them feel powerful. First, getmake them feel powerful. First, get them to break little rules.”them to break little rules.”
  61. 61. Getting Familiar with StaffGetting Familiar with Staff
  62. 62. FamiliarityFamiliarity ““If they’ll talk about things outsideIf they’ll talk about things outside the prison, they’ll get personal.”the prison, they’ll get personal.”
  63. 63. FamiliarityFamiliarity ““Move the conversation over toMove the conversation over to sex and drugs.”sex and drugs.”
  64. 64. SETUPSETUP
  65. 65. SexSex  General sexual comments/jokesGeneral sexual comments/jokes  ““They said . . I defended you.”They said . . I defended you.”  ““You look nice today.”You look nice today.”
  66. 66. TouchingTouching  AccidentalAccidental  Deliberate nonsexualDeliberate nonsexual  Deliberate sexualDeliberate sexual
  67. 67. Crossing the LineCrossing the Line
  68. 68. Crossing the LineCrossing the Line FoodFood
  69. 69. Crossing the LineCrossing the Line ““Got a bag from MacDonald’s. ‘HeyGot a bag from MacDonald’s. ‘Hey man. Give me some food.’ He’sman. Give me some food.’ He’s crossed the boundary right now.”crossed the boundary right now.”
  70. 70. Crossing the LineCrossing the Line ““One day I asked her if I couldOne day I asked her if I could write her a letter.write her a letter. She said, ‘I’ll get in trouble for it.’She said, ‘I’ll get in trouble for it.’ I said, ‘Nobody would know.’”I said, ‘Nobody would know.’”
  71. 71. Crossing the LineCrossing the Line ““So I wrote her a letter. I told her ISo I wrote her a letter. I told her I liked her a lot and I thought sheliked her a lot and I thought she looked good. Nothing reallylooked good. Nothing really sexual. ‘Don’t let these peoplesexual. ‘Don’t let these people around you spoil you.’ I tried toaround you spoil you.’ I tried to make her think all these peoplemake her think all these people were racist. ‘Don’t let them makewere racist. ‘Don’t let them make you into a robot guard. Don’t letyou into a robot guard. Don’t let them turn you.’”them turn you.’”
  72. 72. Crossing the LineCrossing the Line ““When she took the note, I had her.When she took the note, I had her. It’s over. Really, she’s in my control.It’s over. Really, she’s in my control. I can basically do whatever I want.I can basically do whatever I want. There’s nothing you can do.”There’s nothing you can do.”
  73. 73. The DemandThe Demand The LeverThe Lever
  74. 74. The DemandThe Demand ““Bring me some weed. You’veBring me some weed. You’ve told me you get high. Let me seetold me you get high. Let me see what you’ve got going out there.”what you’ve got going out there.”
  75. 75. The DemandThe Demand ““Bring me some weed or don’t bringBring me some weed or don’t bring your ass back to work.”your ass back to work.”
  76. 76. The LeverThe Lever Information:Information: ““I know this, this and this.I know this, this and this. Otherwise, how would I know that?”Otherwise, how would I know that?”
  77. 77. The LeverThe Lever ““I know all kinds of personalI know all kinds of personal business about her. Her fatherbusiness about her. Her father sexually abused her and all that.”sexually abused her and all that.”
  78. 78. The LeverThe Lever ““Don’t start anything with me youDon’t start anything with me you can’t finish. You’re in a position tocan’t finish. You’re in a position to lose your livelihood and I’m not.lose your livelihood and I’m not. You’ve crossed the line. You’reYou’ve crossed the line. You’re going to lose your livelihood.”going to lose your livelihood.”
  79. 79. HookedHooked ““They have their hooks in you and asThey have their hooks in you and as long as you don’t want to lose yourlong as you don’t want to lose your job, you don’t want to go to jail forjob, you don’t want to go to jail for supplying drugs, as long as you don’tsupplying drugs, as long as you don’t want the shame, you’re going to dowant the shame, you’re going to do what you’re asked, actually, told.what you’re asked, actually, told. You’re not asked anything.”You’re not asked anything.”
  80. 80. ““I enjoyed it so much I abused it. It got toI enjoyed it so much I abused it. It got to the point every day I wanted something.the point every day I wanted something. I felt free in a way.”I felt free in a way.”
  81. 81. ““After a while I started to make up stories. .After a while I started to make up stories. . . That my girlfriend had gotten in a car. That my girlfriend had gotten in a car accident. . . .Then I started crying. Theaccident. . . .Then I started crying. The supplements I was on made my kind ofsupplements I was on made my kind of moody so I could bring out any kind ofmoody so I could bring out any kind of emotion. I said she was in a coma for aemotion. I said she was in a coma for a while. I was on a pity, make them feelwhile. I was on a pity, make them feel sorry for me. There wasn’t really any needsorry for me. There wasn’t really any need for it. I just did it. I was so confident infor it. I just did it. I was so confident in everything that was going on.”everything that was going on.”
  82. 82. Splitting StaffSplitting Staff
  83. 83. Splitting and Isolating StaffSplitting and Isolating Staff  Rumor millRumor mill  Exploiting staff differencesExploiting staff differences  Us versus themUs versus them
  84. 84. Splitting StaffSplitting Staff ““This job don’t pay jack.”This job don’t pay jack.”
  85. 85. Splitting StaffSplitting Staff ““He might have an officer he don’tHe might have an officer he don’t like working with. ‘That dude he’slike working with. ‘That dude he’s an asshole. Officer __ he’s anan asshole. Officer __ he’s an asshole.”asshole.”
  86. 86. Response of Other InmatesResponse of Other Inmates
  87. 87. Denial to Other OffendersDenial to Other Offenders ““Other guys will ask me, ‘WhatOther guys will ask me, ‘What are you two talking about?’are you two talking about?’ ‘Go on with that shit. Ain’t shit‘Go on with that shit. Ain’t shit happening.’”happening.’”
  88. 88. Admission to Other OffendersAdmission to Other Offenders ““Others will say, ‘That bitch aOthers will say, ‘That bitch a freak.’”freak.’” Q. “Then what?”Q. “Then what?” A. “Then somebody else will comeA. “Then somebody else will come after her.”after her.”
  89. 89. CallousnessCallousness
  90. 90. CallousnessCallousness ““Sometimes I see easy prey.Sometimes I see easy prey. Fuck her. She don’t know me.Fuck her. She don’t know me. I’m not looking for no love. II’m not looking for no love. I want some money. If she’ll bringwant some money. If she’ll bring in some drugs, cool. If she’llin some drugs, cool. If she’ll have sex, better.”have sex, better.”
  91. 91. CallousnessCallousness ““In the back of my mind, she’s aIn the back of my mind, she’s a guard. She means nothing toguard. She means nothing to me. I need to get everything Ime. I need to get everything I can from them as soon as I cancan from them as soon as I can before we get caught.”before we get caught.”
  92. 92. CallousnessCallousness ““They’re all enemies to me. IThey’re all enemies to me. I don’t care for her. But I have todon’t care for her. But I have to give her something that she couldgive her something that she could lock you up and she doesn’t do it.lock you up and she doesn’t do it. You got to take a risk. You got toYou got to take a risk. You got to gamble. If you don’t gamble yougamble. If you don’t gamble you can’t win.”can’t win.”
  93. 93. CallousnessCallousness ““Love? The word gets used butLove? The word gets used but I’ve explained enough to her that,I’ve explained enough to her that, it’s kind of a goofy explanation butit’s kind of a goofy explanation but as far as what you would consideras far as what you would consider totally in love, no I’m not.”totally in love, no I’m not.”
  94. 94. CallousnessCallousness Q. “Does she care about you?Q. “Does she care about you? A. “She does. She does. She does.A. “She does. She does. She does. She thought she could control meShe thought she could control me bringing me things. But I own her. ‘Ibringing me things. But I own her. ‘I have information about you. I’mhave information about you. I’m going to use it if you ever try to havegoing to use it if you ever try to have control over me. She used to havecontrol over me. She used to have control over me. Now I have controlcontrol over me. Now I have control over her.”over her.”
  95. 95. CallousnessCallousness ““How do you feel about her?How do you feel about her? “She’s a slut. She’s a tramp.”“She’s a slut. She’s a tramp.”
  96. 96. CallousnessCallousness ““I didn’t have to take the role inI didn’t have to take the role in life that I took. I could havelife that I took. I could have gone in a whole differentgone in a whole different direction. Still, if I hadn’t gonedirection. Still, if I hadn’t gone through all that stuff, I wouldn’tthrough all that stuff, I wouldn’t be the person I am.”be the person I am.”
  97. 97. CallousnessCallousness ““Someone like me doesn’t careSomeone like me doesn’t care who the victim is. As long aswho the victim is. As long as there is a victim.”there is a victim.”
  98. 98. GrandiosityGrandiosity ““I’ve been fighting police all myI’ve been fighting police all my life. I think like a criminal.life. I think like a criminal. They’re slow.”They’re slow.”
  99. 99. Grandiosity/Ego EnhancementGrandiosity/Ego Enhancement ““They’re going to hang themselves.They’re going to hang themselves. They think they know what they’reThey think they know what they’re doing. We’ve been playing thisdoing. We’ve been playing this game a lot longer than they have.game a lot longer than they have. We have years and years ofWe have years and years of experience and they don’t.”experience and they don’t.”
  100. 100. StatusStatus ““Guys who get together withGuys who get together with female staff are considered heroesfemale staff are considered heroes in institutions. Not only are theyin institutions. Not only are they getting what they want, they aregetting what they want, they are getting the enemy to switchgetting the enemy to switch sides.”sides.”
  101. 101. StatusStatus ““There’s almost a clique with guysThere’s almost a clique with guys like me. Those who have beenlike me. Those who have been involved with female staff are likeinvolved with female staff are like a clique. I talk with one here, aa clique. I talk with one here, a couple in Waupan.”couple in Waupan.”
  102. 102. Response to Getting CaughtResponse to Getting Caught ““I said, ‘if I ever got caughtI said, ‘if I ever got caught because of you, you’re coming withbecause of you, you’re coming with me.’ I’d say, ‘I got too muchme.’ I’d say, ‘I got too much information. I own you. I knowinformation. I own you. I know your address. I know where youyour address. I know where you live. I know too much about you.live. I know too much about you. Don’t try to fuck me. I own you.’”Don’t try to fuck me. I own you.’”
  103. 103. Ongoing?Ongoing? ““I won’t lie. There are severalI won’t lie. There are several here who are cute I’ve talked tohere who are cute I’ve talked to before and I talk to now.”before and I talk to now.”
  104. 104. Ego Enhancement for Dr.Ego Enhancement for Dr. SalterSalter ““I checked up on you. She saidI checked up on you. She said you were a really nice personyou were a really nice person and you’re very professional.”and you’re very professional.”
  105. 105. Getting Information fromGetting Information from Dr. SalterDr. Salter ““So, why do you makeSo, why do you make educational films?”educational films?”
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