Trends and Impacts of E-Learning 2.0
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Trends and Impacts of E-Learning 2.0

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Presentation to the International Conference on OpenCourseWare and E-Learning(IEOC) held in Taipei, Taiwan on June 11-13, 2007

Presentation to the International Conference on OpenCourseWare and E-Learning(IEOC) held in Taipei, Taiwan on June 11-13, 2007

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Trends and Impacts of E-Learning 2.0 Trends and Impacts of E-Learning 2.0 Presentation Transcript

  • Trends and Impacts of E-Learning 2.0 Stephen Downes ICOE 2007 Taipei, Taiwan 13 June 2007
  • Institutions and Individuals So far, the story of open content has been told by institutions… But there is another story to be told
  • Another Timeline… 1994 Athabaska BBS Maximus 1995 Muddog Mud Painted Porch MAUD 1996 Stephen’s Guide to the Logical Fallacies
  • 1997 1998 Future of Online Learning Online Learning Environment OLe 1999 CAE The Brandon Pages Learning Objects modules
  • 2000 2001 MuniMall Knowledge Learning Community 2002 PEGGAsus The Learning Marketplace OLDaily
  • 2003 2004 Edu-RSS 2005 Ed Radio Podcasting DDRM
  • 2006 Educational Blogging mIDm RSS Writr Learning Networks 2007 E-Learning 2.0
  • Web 2.0
  • The Net Generation creates its own media… Identity Production in a Networked Culture: Why Youth Heart MySpace … Danah Boyd http://www.danah.org/papers/AAAS2006.html “ The dynamics of identity production play out visibly on MySpace. Profiles are digital bodies, public displays of identity where people can explore impression management.”
  • Blogs and Wikis &quot;Never have so many people written so much to be read by so few...&quot; -- Katie Hafner NY Times. Blogger - Live Journal - Movable Type - Wordpress Educational Blogging – article Educational Weblogs - Edublogs .org Wikipedia – as compared to Britannica by Nature
  • Photos, Podcasting and Vodcasting Flickr Podcasting - wikipedia iPodder - Odeo – Liberated Syndication Youtube - video Podcasting in Learning Ed Tech Talk - Ed Tech Posse - FLOSSE Posse Bob Sprankle - Education Podcast Network
  • The Core Technologies Web 2.0 RoadMap http://www.nri.co.jp/english/news/2006/061110.html
    • Social Networking
    • Tagging
    • Asynchronous Javascript and XML (AJAX)
    Jesse James Garrett in February 2005. https://bpcatalog.dev.java.net/ajax/textfield-jsf/design.html
    • Representational State Transfer (REST)
    • Application Program Interface (API) and Mash-Ups
    • Javascript Object Notation (JSON)
    • OpenID
  • The way networks learn is the way people learn…
    • they are both complex systems
    • the organization of each depends on connections
    Connectivism (George Siemens)
  • E-Learning 2.0 The idea is that learning is not based on objects and contents that are stored, as though in a library
  • Rather, the idea is that learning is like a utility - like water or electricity - that flows in a network or a grip, that we tap into when we want
    • Learner centered
    Learning is centered around the interests of the learner Learning is owned by the learner This implies learner choice of subjects, materials, learning styles The Concept
    • Immersive learning
    This learning is immersive – learning by doing
    • Connected Learning
    The computer connects the student to the rest of the world Learning occurs through connections with other learners Learning is based on conversation and interaction
    • Game-based learning
    Examples Types: Branching, Spreadsheet, Quiz Game, Simulation Lab… http://www.downes.ca/post/11
    • Workflow (Informal) Learning
    Types: EPSS, Community of Practice, Environment, Visualization… http://metatime.blogspot.com/
    • Mobile Learning
    Examples: Co-op learning, drill and flash-card, instant mesaging, field trips, resource capture (like this talk!)
  • http://www.pwlan.org.tw/ct.asp?xItem=200&CtNode=501&mp=5
  • Online Learning at the Crossroads
    • On the one hand – we have developed tools and systems intended to support traditional classroom based learning
    • On the other hand – we could (should?) be developing tools and systems to support immersive learning. We should be developing for dynamic, immersive, living systems…
    • First Iteration:
    • User-Produced Media
    • Blogs and Blogging
    • Podcasting and
    • Vodcasting
    • Game mods and other
    • multimedia
    • Web 2.0: The Learning Network
    • The e-Portfolio lives in the intersection between the worlds for education, work, and home
    • A model for e-Portfolio as a learner-managed construct
    • Key requirement is easy-to-use tools and hosting services*
    • *E.g. the “e-Portfolio-as-blog” approach
      • Scott Wilson: http://www.cetis.ac.uk/members/scott/entries/20050523083528
  • The Idea of the PLE… http://www.cetis.ac.uk/members/ple/resources/edf.ppt
  • Plex Personal Learning Environment Example http://reload.ces.strath.ac.uk/plex/
  • Collecting and Filtering RSS http://www.downes.ca/mygluframe.htm
  • RSS Writr http://www.downes.ca/editor/writr.htm
  • Edu_RSS Viewer http://www.downes.ca/cgi-bin/page.cgi?action=viewer
  • The Challenge… How to find the right resource…
    • at the right time
    • for the right person
  • The old way – use descriptions
    • Dublin Core
    • Learning Object Metadata
    http://www.capuano.biz/Papers/ITS%202000/ITS%202000.htm
  • The New Way: Recommender Systems
    • A are mapped between:
      • User profile – properties of given users
      • Resource profile – properties of the resource
      • Previous evaluations of other resources
    http://www.slideshare.net/Downes/projecting-quality http://www.slideshare.net/Downes/quality-standards-its-all-about-teaching-and-learning/
  • Relations between Entities…
  • Finding Resources is like Finding Patterns in the Mesh the knowledge is in the network the knowledge is the network Old: universals – rules – categories New: patterns – patterns – similarities http://www.bbsonline.org/Preprints/OldArchive/bbs.tenenbaum.html
  • stands for? Or is caused by? Distributed Representation = a pattern of connectivity Hopfield
  •  
  • Where is the PLE?
  •