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Trends and Impacts of E-Learning 2.0

Trends and Impacts of E-Learning 2.0



Presentation to the International Conference on OpenCourseWare and E-Learning(IEOC) held in Taipei, Taiwan on June 11-13, 2007

Presentation to the International Conference on OpenCourseWare and E-Learning(IEOC) held in Taipei, Taiwan on June 11-13, 2007



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    Trends and Impacts of E-Learning 2.0 Trends and Impacts of E-Learning 2.0 Presentation Transcript

    • Trends and Impacts of E-Learning 2.0 Stephen Downes ICOE 2007 Taipei, Taiwan 13 June 2007
    • Institutions and Individuals So far, the story of open content has been told by institutions… But there is another story to be told
    • Another Timeline… 1994 Athabaska BBS Maximus 1995 Muddog Mud Painted Porch MAUD 1996 Stephen’s Guide to the Logical Fallacies
    • 1997 1998 Future of Online Learning Online Learning Environment OLe 1999 CAE The Brandon Pages Learning Objects modules
    • 2000 2001 MuniMall Knowledge Learning Community 2002 PEGGAsus The Learning Marketplace OLDaily
    • 2003 2004 Edu-RSS 2005 Ed Radio Podcasting DDRM
    • 2006 Educational Blogging mIDm RSS Writr Learning Networks 2007 E-Learning 2.0
    • Web 2.0
    • The Net Generation creates its own media… Identity Production in a Networked Culture: Why Youth Heart MySpace … Danah Boyd http://www.danah.org/papers/AAAS2006.html “ The dynamics of identity production play out visibly on MySpace. Profiles are digital bodies, public displays of identity where people can explore impression management.”
    • Blogs and Wikis &quot;Never have so many people written so much to be read by so few...&quot; -- Katie Hafner NY Times. Blogger - Live Journal - Movable Type - Wordpress Educational Blogging – article Educational Weblogs - Edublogs .org Wikipedia – as compared to Britannica by Nature
    • Photos, Podcasting and Vodcasting Flickr Podcasting - wikipedia iPodder - Odeo – Liberated Syndication Youtube - video Podcasting in Learning Ed Tech Talk - Ed Tech Posse - FLOSSE Posse Bob Sprankle - Education Podcast Network
    • The Core Technologies Web 2.0 RoadMap http://www.nri.co.jp/english/news/2006/061110.html
      • Social Networking
      • Tagging
      • Asynchronous Javascript and XML (AJAX)
      Jesse James Garrett in February 2005. https://bpcatalog.dev.java.net/ajax/textfield-jsf/design.html
      • Representational State Transfer (REST)
      • Application Program Interface (API) and Mash-Ups
      • Javascript Object Notation (JSON)
      • OpenID
    • The way networks learn is the way people learn…
      • they are both complex systems
      • the organization of each depends on connections
      Connectivism (George Siemens)
    • E-Learning 2.0 The idea is that learning is not based on objects and contents that are stored, as though in a library
    • Rather, the idea is that learning is like a utility - like water or electricity - that flows in a network or a grip, that we tap into when we want
      • Learner centered
      Learning is centered around the interests of the learner Learning is owned by the learner This implies learner choice of subjects, materials, learning styles The Concept
      • Immersive learning
      This learning is immersive – learning by doing
      • Connected Learning
      The computer connects the student to the rest of the world Learning occurs through connections with other learners Learning is based on conversation and interaction
      • Game-based learning
      Examples Types: Branching, Spreadsheet, Quiz Game, Simulation Lab… http://www.downes.ca/post/11
      • Workflow (Informal) Learning
      Types: EPSS, Community of Practice, Environment, Visualization… http://metatime.blogspot.com/
      • Mobile Learning
      Examples: Co-op learning, drill and flash-card, instant mesaging, field trips, resource capture (like this talk!)
    • http://www.pwlan.org.tw/ct.asp?xItem=200&CtNode=501&mp=5
    • Online Learning at the Crossroads
      • On the one hand – we have developed tools and systems intended to support traditional classroom based learning
      • On the other hand – we could (should?) be developing tools and systems to support immersive learning. We should be developing for dynamic, immersive, living systems…
      • First Iteration:
      • User-Produced Media
      • Blogs and Blogging
      • Podcasting and
      • Vodcasting
      • Game mods and other
      • multimedia
      • Web 2.0: The Learning Network
      • The e-Portfolio lives in the intersection between the worlds for education, work, and home
      • A model for e-Portfolio as a learner-managed construct
      • Key requirement is easy-to-use tools and hosting services*
      • *E.g. the “e-Portfolio-as-blog” approach
        • Scott Wilson: http://www.cetis.ac.uk/members/scott/entries/20050523083528
    • The Idea of the PLE… http://www.cetis.ac.uk/members/ple/resources/edf.ppt
    • Plex Personal Learning Environment Example http://reload.ces.strath.ac.uk/plex/
    • Collecting and Filtering RSS http://www.downes.ca/mygluframe.htm
    • RSS Writr http://www.downes.ca/editor/writr.htm
    • Edu_RSS Viewer http://www.downes.ca/cgi-bin/page.cgi?action=viewer
    • The Challenge… How to find the right resource…
      • at the right time
      • for the right person
    • The old way – use descriptions
      • Dublin Core
      • Learning Object Metadata
    • The New Way: Recommender Systems
      • A are mapped between:
        • User profile – properties of given users
        • Resource profile – properties of the resource
        • Previous evaluations of other resources
      http://www.slideshare.net/Downes/projecting-quality http://www.slideshare.net/Downes/quality-standards-its-all-about-teaching-and-learning/
    • Relations between Entities…
    • Finding Resources is like Finding Patterns in the Mesh the knowledge is in the network the knowledge is the network Old: universals – rules – categories New: patterns – patterns – similarities http://www.bbsonline.org/Preprints/OldArchive/bbs.tenenbaum.html
    • stands for? Or is caused by? Distributed Representation = a pattern of connectivity Hopfield
    • Where is the PLE?