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Theory of Learning Networks

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Stephen Downes presentation to Moncton Open Source Technologies, Moncton, New Brunswick, November 10, 2004

Stephen Downes presentation to Moncton Open Source Technologies, Moncton, New Brunswick, November 10, 2004

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  • 1. Theory of Learning Networks Presented at MOST, Moncton, November 10, 2004 Stephen Downes Senior Researcher, National Research Council Canada http://www.downes.ca
  • 2. Outline 1. The Structure of Learning Networks 2. Content as Conversation 3. Using Learning Networks: Connectivism
  • 3. 1. The Structure of Learning Networks 1.1 Linear Learning 1.2 Breaking Up Boxes 1.3 Weaving the Web
  • 4. 1.1 Linear Learning 1.1.1 Assumptions in Traditional Learning 1.1.2 Recreating Classes Online 1.1.3 Content Management, Student Management
  • 5.
    • 1.1.1 Assumptions in Traditional Learning
    • Traditional learning as a form of content delivery
    • Learning content grouped according to subject
    • Emphasis on facts, skills
    • Learning as linear, cumulative
    • Progression as a cohort or class
  • 6.
    • 1.1.2 Recreating Classes Online
    • The LMS – a Content Delivery Vehicle
    • Major emphasis on “courseware” – “course in a box”
    • Testing-based, competency-based
    • Learning Design – content organization
    • Pre-packaged, made for CD-ROM
  • 7.
    • 1.1.3 Content Management, Student Management
    • Major function of LMS – student management
    • Class management functions – authentication
    • Integration with student information system
    • Basically, though: a ‘big box’
  • 8. 1.2 Breaking Up Boxes 1.2.1 Distribution – Learning Online 1.2.2 Disaggregation – Learning Objects 1.2.3 Decentralization – Web Services
  • 9.
    • 1.2.1 Distribution – Learning Online
    • From distance learning – students at remote locations
    • Inherits the idea of the ‘course pack’
    • But – content located online
    • Also – services located online (such as chat and discuss, registration, etc)
  • 10.
    • 1.2.2 Disaggregation – Learning Objects
    • Break up parts of courses – ‘chunking’
    • But then – idea of reuse – Hodgins – legos
    • Discovery, reuse, interoperability
    • The idea of learning object standards – IMS, SCORM, CanCore
  • 11.
    • 1.2.3 Decentralization – Web Services
    • Like breaking up computer programs
    • Discovery, reuse, interoperability
    • Web services – WSDL
    • E-Learning Framework (ELF)
  • 12. 1.3 Weaving the Web 1.3.1 Dis-Integration – Common Languages 1.3.2 Disintermediation – Creating Conversations 1.3.3 Democratization – Relinquishing Control
  • 13.
    • 1.3.1 Dis-Integration – Common Languages
    • Application Program Interfaces
    • … as contrasted with plug-ins
    • Provides software independence
    • Examples: RSS, Dublin Core, XQuery…
  • 14.
    • 1.3.2 Disintermediation – Creating Conversations
    • Content Syndication Networks
    • Portals and Community sites
    • Disintermediation – citizen journalists, Craigslist, Amazon and eBay, Napster and Gnutella
  • 15.
    • Content as Conversation
    • Broadcasting: The Tail Free Network
    • Aggregate, Remix, Repurpose, Feed Forward
    • The Self Organizing Network
  • 16.
    • Broadcasting: The Tail Free Network
    • Traditional Content and Consumers
    • Editing, Gatekeeping
    • Silent Voices and the Long Tail (The Network as Hierarchy)
  • 17.
    • Aggregate, Remix, Repurpose, Feed Forward
    • Content Syndication
    • Authoring Tools
    • Educational Blogging
  • 18.
    • The Self Organizing Network
    • Nonlinear Networks
    • The Semantic Social Network
    • Emergence
  • 19.
    • Using Learning Networks: Connectivism
    • Personal Knowledge Management
    • Engaging Community
    • Building Capacity, Building Connections
  • 20.
    • Personal Knowledge Management
    • Knowledge as a Totality of Facts?
    • Personal Knowledge
    • Mapping Knowledge
  • 21.
    • Engaging Community
    • Localizing Knowledge
    • Communities of Practice
    • Distributed Knowledge
  • 22.
    • Building Capacity, Building Connections
    • Describing Context
    • Informal Organization
    • The Mind of Society

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