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New Tools for Personal Learning

New Tools for Personal Learning



In this presentation I describe how new technologies are being designed in order to adapt to a rapidly changing and complex world. In this picture, learning is not a matter of knowledge acquisition ...

In this presentation I describe how new technologies are being designed in order to adapt to a rapidly changing and complex world. In this picture, learning is not a matter of knowledge acquisition and memorization, but rather, personal development in such a way that we become able to navigate and work with this knowledge and content in the same manner, with the same capacities, as the expert. This is a type of learning that is based on the creation of tools that support a mesh network; this network, in turn, supports the conversation and interactions that foster the development of an expert character. Audio and more at http://www.downes.ca/presentation/234



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  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
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  • What are you people talking about? This are crap! This presentation is EXACTLY what most of us in training and development decry...putting a ppt online and calling it learning...How about some explanation of this stuff?
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  • Very useful tools. Bookmarked.

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  • Stephen's clear thinking takes my breath away.
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  • The more you get to teach what you're discovering, Stephen, the clearer and clearer your theory becomes. This piece is SOOOOO helpful. I'm really glad you were invited to the Czech Republic to speak this aloud...and that it's so easy for you now to post your thoughts for all of us who weren't there to benefit from. Everyday I stand a little taller and my step gets a little springier as I trek along behind you. I'm so glad you've taken up this discovery of Connectivism. Your learning and the language and graphics you put together helps me make sense of my everyday experience ... and I'm so grateful. Without you, I would just feel lost in space...
    Hearing you and seeing the branches you've bent on your way through the woods, I feel excited about this staggering uncertainty we've entered...
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  • Absolutely Brilliant!
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    New Tools for Personal Learning New Tools for Personal Learning Presentation Transcript

    • New Tools for Personal Learning Stephen Downes MEFANET 2009 Conference Brno, Czech Republic, November 25, 2009
    • Prologue
      • It turns out to be very easy to teach people things - people are very impressionable
      • What proves to be very hard is teaching people the right things - how not to learn
    • What I do
    • 16000 Posts
      • What does 16,000 posts look like?
    • Complicated, Complex http://www.gapingvoid.com/complicated128.jpg
    • The (First) Butterfly Thesis a butterfly flapping its wings in South America can affect the weather in Central Park…. so why don’t we get that butterfly?
    • The Three Body Problem http://www.dynamical-systems.org/threebody/index.html http://www.scholarpedia.org/article/Three-body_problem
    • Connectivism: Engagement
      • There is no curriculum, no theory, no body of knowledge
        • (or, more accurately, the curriculum is the McGuffin)
      • The product is not the knowledge, it is the learner
      • It’s not that there’s nothing to learn, it’s that it’s complex and needs to be navigated…
      not memorized
    • The three Ls: language, logic and learning
    • First Theme
      • active engagement, not passive observation…
        • a bit like ANT, but no presumption of commonality, translation…
        • a bit like action research, but no presumption of a community of practice
      http://www.emtech.net/actionresearch.htm http://carbon.cudenver.edu/~mryder/itc_data/ant_dff.html
    • Thinking for yourself Critical thinking and reflection
    • Free Learning
      • The picture of learning you should have is one of a large set of connected nodes (like the neurons in a brain)
      • Teachers are nodes, students are nodes
      • Both teaching and learning consists of sending and receiving communications to other nodes
      • Aggregate
      • Remix
      • Repurpose
      • Feed Forward
    • It’s a river, not a reservoir Surfing Sensing Experiencing pattern recognition
    • The Idea of the PLE… http://www.cetis.ac.uk/members/ple/resources/edf.ppt
    • Plex Personal Learning Environment Example http://reload.ces.strath.ac.uk/plex/
    • Collecting and Filtering RSS http://www.downes.ca/mygluframe.htm
    • RSS Writr http://www.downes.ca/editor/writr.htm
    • FeedForward http://blogs.cetis.ac.uk/feedforward/
    • Second Theme
      • Learning…. vs the right learning
    • Understanding Interdependence
      • = no simple principles
      • = no simple cause & effect
    • Me and my network of friends Aggregate Remix Repurpose Feed Forward
    • Network Structures - Tree http://middleburydemocrats.wordpress.com/2008/09/28/college-democrats-getting-obama-to-go-viral-no-really/ Central Influence Power Law Viral Hierarchy
    • Network Structures - Mesh Distributed Discussion Balanced Reflective Democracy http://www.daniel-lemire.com/fr/abstracts/DIVERSITY2008.html http://www.mailchimp.com/blog/using-email-to-uncover-hidden-social-networks/
    • Individualism vs Mutuality
      • Independent variables vs dependent variables
      • eg. Rational decision - vs role model
      The myth of solitary autonomy
    • When we ourselves become the story
    • The Sharing Thesis
      • Not just competition - cooperation
      • Open Educational Resources (OERs)
      • The only sustainable model
    • The (Second) Butterfly Thesis http://www.flickr.com/photos/durhamskywriter/2858347734/
    • Connectivism
      • “ At its heart, connectivism is the thesis that knowledge is distributed across a network of connections, and therefore that learning consists of the ability to construct and traverse those networks.”
        • What Connectivism Is
        • http://halfanhour.blogspot.com/2007/02/what-connectivism-is.html
    • Course Components
      • The Wiki…
    • Course Components
      • Course Moodle Forum
    • Third Theme
      • Groups vs networks
    • Nancy White - Me, We, Network http://www.yesandspace.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2008/04/open-space-metaphor_small.jpg
    • Objects We Care About
      • Nancy White - networks, not just about connecting the people, but the objects they care about
    • The object system, revisited Distributed Resources
    • Repositories and Syndication
      • Academic - OAI-PMH, Dspace, Fedora, Eprints, SWORD, Connexion, OCW
      • Web - Flickr, YouTube, Slideshare
      RSS OAI DC Atom http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue55/vandeventer-pienaar/
    • Self-organization - metronomes http://salt.uaa.alaska.edu/dept/metro.html http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W1TMZASCR-I
    • Network Learning…
      • Hebbian associationism
        • based on concurrency
      • Back propagation
        • based on desired outcome
      • Boltzman
        • based on ‘settling’, annealing
      Self Organization
    • The application provides mechanisms to input, process, and distribute content.
    • Page Creation Pages are created automatically from a database of content types
    • Feed Management Content input comes from RSS feeds harvested by gRSShopper
    • Incoming content can be mapped to any of a variety of data types
    • Course Components
      • The Daily
    • Course Components
      • Feed Harvesting
    • The Students
      • The Course Map…
        • Social Networks
        • blogs and blogging
        • wikis and collaborative writing
        • tagging and Digg and…
      • Web 2.0
      Stallman The Internet of 2007
    • The Internet of 2009
      • Beyond Web 2.0
    • Creating Course Components
      • Pageflakes Site
    • Widgets and Gadgets http://www.w3.org/TR/widgets-land/
    • Widget Landscape http://www.w3.org/TR/widgets-land/
    • Google Wave http://wave.google.com/
    • Opera Unite http://blog.mynetx.net/windowslive/opera-unite-how-client-server-future-look-like/
    • Windows Live Mesh
      • https://www.mesh.com/welcome/default.aspx
    • Firefox Plain Old Web Server https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/3002
      • Networks of interactions (aggregate, remix, repurpose, feed forward) – syndication
      An ecology…
      • The personal learning centre
      http://blog.core-ed.net/derek/2006/11/more_on_mles_and_ples.html Autonomy
      • The Network is Diverse – multiple views, multiple technologies
      • The Network is connected and interactive ( not ‘integrated’) – small pieces, loosely joined
      • The Network is open
          • Stephen Downes
          • http://www.downes.ca