E-Learning: A Kaleidoscope of Options

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Stephen Downes presentation to the Canadian Association of Police Educators, Summerside, Prince Edward Island, June 1, 2005.

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E-Learning: A Kaleidoscope of Options

  1. 1. E-Learning: A Kaleidoscope of Options Stephen Downes National Research Council Canada June 1, 2005
  2. 2. <ul><li>Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Where We Are Now </li></ul><ul><li>Trends </li></ul><ul><li>E-Learning 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Into the Future </li></ul>
  3. 3. Where We Are Now <ul><li>Online Courses </li></ul>http://www.hcmr.gr/english_site/services/multimedia/courses.html <ul><li>Distance Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Course Packages </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Page turners’ </li></ul><ul><li>Course Authoring </li></ul><ul><li>http://cnx.rice.edu/content/col10208/latest/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://ocw.mit.edu/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.traincaster.com/products_bui.shtml </li></ul>
  4. 4. Where We Are Now <ul><li>Learning Management Systems </li></ul>http://www.traincaster.com/products.shtml <ul><li>Standardized Design </li></ul><ul><li>Enterprise system </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.webct.com - WebCT </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.blackboard.com - Blackboard </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.desire2learn.com – Desire2Learn </li></ul><ul><li>( http://d2ldemo.desire2learn.com/ ) Stephen.Downes D2L4me </li></ul>
  5. 5. Where We Are Now <ul><li>Learning Objects </li></ul>http://blogs.nitle.org/mane/learning_objects.html <ul><li>Small chunks of digital learning content </li></ul><ul><li>Reusable, Discoverable, Modular </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.reusability.org/read/ - Wiley </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.irrodl.org/content/v2.1/downes.html - Downes </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.learnativity.com/standards.html - Hodgins </li></ul>
  6. 6. Where We Are Now <ul><li>IMS, Metadata and SCORM </li></ul>http://www.imsproject.org/metadata/mdbestv1p1.html <ul><li>Metadata Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Describe in XML </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.imsglobal.org/ - IMS </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.adlnet.org/ - SCORM </li></ul><ul><li>http://ltsc.ieee.org/wg12/ - LOM </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cancore.ca - CanCore </li></ul>
  7. 7. Where We Are Now <ul><li>Learning Design and Beyond </li></ul>http://www.cel.cmich.edu/CID/faq.html <ul><li>Describes learning flow </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphor of a play </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.imsglobal.org/learningdesign/ - IMS Learning Design </li></ul><ul><li>Content Packaging </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.intrallect.com:8080/intralibrary_demo/ </li></ul>
  8. 8. Trends <ul><li>The Millennials </li></ul>http://online.bcit.ca/sidebars/04september/inside-out-1.htm <ul><li>Assume Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Multitask / MultiInfo </li></ul><ul><li>Twitch Speed </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions Irrelevant </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.abanet.org/lpm/lpt/articles/mgt08044.html - ABANet </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.educause.edu/educatingthenetgen - EDUCAUSE </li></ul>
  9. 9. Trends <ul><li>Cluetrain </li></ul>http://www.cluetrain.com/ <ul><li>Networked Markets </li></ul><ul><li>Conversation </li></ul><ul><li>Tear Down the Wall </li></ul><ul><li>De-cloaking, getting personal </li></ul>
  10. 10. Trends <ul><li>Learner Centered Design </li></ul>http://pdonline.ascd.org/pd_online/dol02/1992marzano_chapter1.html <ul><li>Autonomy - Choice </li></ul><ul><li>Active Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Interdependence between teacher and learner - power </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.aishe.org/readings/2005-1/oneill-mcmahon-Tues_19th_Oct_SCL.html - O’Neill and McMahon </li></ul>
  11. 11. Trends <ul><li>Connectivism </li></ul>http://www.usdla.org/html/journal/FEB02_Issue/article01.html <ul><li>Knowledge resides in a diversity of opinions </li></ul><ul><li>Nurturing and maintaining connections </li></ul><ul><li>Patterns, currency </li></ul><ul><li>Decision-making as a learning process </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.elearnspace.org/Articles/connectivism.htm - Siemens </li></ul>
  12. 12. Trends <ul><li>Open Access </li></ul>http://www.tpl.toronto.on.ca/abo_his_index.jsp <ul><li>The Copyright Debate </li></ul><ul><li>Napster, file-sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Open source, open content </li></ul><ul><li>http://creativecommons.org/ - Creative Commons </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.soros.org/openaccess/ - BOAI </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.downes.ca/cgi-bin/website/view.cgi?dbs=Article&key=1041806822 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.downes.ca/dwiki/?id=Reusable+Media%2C+Social+Software+and+Openness+in+Education </li></ul>
  13. 13. Trends <ul><li>The Open Society </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.nplc.com / - Tapscott </li></ul><ul><li>http://edit.mougayar.com/OpenCorporation - Mougayar </li></ul><ul><li>http://smartpei.typepad.com/robert_patersons_weblog/2005/02/going_home_our_.html - Paterson </li></ul>
  14. 14. E-Learning 2.0 <ul><li>The Web 2.0 </li></ul>http://business2.blogs.com/business2blog/retail_ecommerce/ <ul><li>The Interactive Web </li></ul><ul><li>Social networks, power laws </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.digital-web.com/articles/web_2_for_designers/ - MacManus and Porter </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.shirky.com/writings/powerlaw_weblog.html - Shirkey </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.downes.ca/cgi-bin/website/view.cgi?dbs=Article&key=1109302318 - Downes </li></ul>
  15. 15. E-Learning 2.0 <ul><li>The Blog </li></ul><ul><li>User generated Content </li></ul><ul><li>Personal, opinionated </li></ul><ul><li>Network of interactions </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs and learning </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.educause.edu/pub/er/erm04/erm0450.asp - Downes </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.blogger.com – Blogger </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.livejournal.com - LiveJournal </li></ul>
  16. 16. E-Learning 2.0 <ul><li>Personal Learning </li></ul>http://www.cetis.ac.uk/members/scott/blogview?entry=20050125170206 <ul><li>A web of content </li></ul><ul><li>The personal learning centre </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cetis.ac.uk/members/scott/blogview?entry=20050125170206 - Wilson </li></ul><ul><li>http://elgg.net/ - ELGG </li></ul>
  17. 17. E-Learning 2.0 <ul><li>Podcasts, Screencasts and Beyond </li></ul>http://www.pocketcasting.com/archives/2005/01/06/featured-podcast-for-january-2005/ <ul><li>User generated multimedia </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ipodder.org/ - iPodder </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com – Flickr </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org – Wikipedia </li></ul>
  18. 18. E-Learning 2.0 <ul><li>Content Syndication </li></ul>http://petersterndesign.com/concepts.htm <ul><li>XML generation and aggregation </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.google.ca/search?q=downes+rss – Downes </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.technorati.com – Technorati </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.blogdex.net – Blogdex </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.bloglines.com – Bloglines </li></ul>
  19. 19. E-Learning 2.0 <ul><li>E-Portfolios </li></ul>http://www.members.shaw.ca/technology/assignments/presentation/2whyuse.htm <ul><li>Space for personally created content </li></ul><ul><li>May be used for evaluation purposes as well </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.eradc.org/ – ERADC </li></ul><ul><li>http://eport2.cgc.maricopa.edu/ – Chandler-Gilbert at Maricopa </li></ul>
  20. 20. Into the Future <ul><li>E-Learning Framework </li></ul>http://www.education.tas.gov.au/admin/ict/projects/imsdoecasestudy/LeAPProjectCase.htmL <ul><li>Array of common processes and services </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.elframework.org/framework/ – JISC </li></ul>
  21. 21. Into the Future <ul><li>Ubiquitous Computing </li></ul>http://www.ubiq.com/hypertext/weiser/UbiHome.html <ul><li>One person – many computers </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ubiq.com/hypertext/weiser/UbiHome.html – Weiser </li></ul>
  22. 22. Into the Future <ul><li>Games and Simulations </li></ul>http://muve.gse.harvard.edu/muvees2003/index.html <ul><li>Interactive environment </li></ul><ul><li>“ Hard fun” </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.papert.org/articles/Doeseasydoit.html – Papert </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.downes.ca/cgi-bin/website/view.cgi?dbs=Article&key=1079385148 – Gee </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.downes.ca/cgi-bin/website/view.cgi?dbs=Article&key=1116274375 - Aldrich </li></ul>
  23. 23. Into the Future <ul><li>Workflow Learning </li></ul>http://www.flickr.com/photos/jaycross/ <ul><li>Learning embedded in work processes </li></ul><ul><li>http://metatime.blogspot.com/ – Cross </li></ul>
  24. 24. Into the Future <ul><li>Mobile Learning </li></ul>http://lingvosoft.com/FlashCards-English-Arabic-for-Pocket-PC/ <ul><li>Learning that travels with you </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.educause.edu/apps/er/erm05/erm0532.asp - Wagner </li></ul><ul><li>http://ferl.becta.org.uk/display.cfm?page=65&catid=192&resid=5194&printable=1 – Wood </li></ul>
  25. 25. http://www.downes.ca
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