E-Learning 2.0: What It Means, Where It’s Going Stephen Downes February 21, 2008
What does learning 2.0 mean to me?
<ul><li>A place to store (and share) my photos </li></ul>http://www.flickr.com
<ul><li>A place to store (and share) my videos </li></ul>http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-4126240905912531540
<ul><li>A place to write an essay with my colleague in Montreal </li></ul>http://docs.google.com
<ul><li>A way to stay up to date -  right  up to date </li></ul>http://www.google.com/reader
<ul><li>A way to save on phone calls </li></ul>http://www.skype.com
<ul><li>Knowing where I’m staying before I get there </li></ul>http://maps.google.com
<ul><li>An Easy Way To Draw Pictures </li></ul>http://www.gliffy.com
What does Learning 2.0 mean for a learner?
<ul><li>Three Views of Learning Resources: </li></ul>
<ul><li>1.  Learning Resources as a  thing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Book, content object, etc </li></ul></ul>
<ul><li>2. Learning Resources as  events </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Class, lecture, seminar, meeting </li></ul></ul>
<ul><li>The first two models are  information-theoretic  and  medium-based  models </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They stress  cont...
<ul><li>3. Learning Resources as  flow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stresses experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stresses patte...
What does this look like?
<ul><li>User generated Content  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal, opinionated </li></ul></ul>
<ul><li>Network of interactions </li></ul>
<ul><li>Immersive Learning </li></ul>
<ul><li>New Roles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For students - as creators of learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For teachers - a...
<ul><li>Issues: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Too much information, filtering info </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Too many sources to ...
Learning as a network phenomenon…
<ul><li>Web of user-generated content (eg. Wikipedia)… </li></ul>http://www.wikipedia.org
<ul><li>Social networks and communities (entails a genuinely portable (and  owned )   identity   </li></ul>http://www.face...
<ul><li>Networks of interactions (aggregate, remix, repurpose, feed forward) – syndication </li></ul>An ecology…
<ul><li>The  personal  learning centre </li></ul>http://blog.core-ed.net/derek/2006/11/more_on_mles_and_ples.html
<ul><li>The Network is Diverse – multiple views, multiple technologies </li></ul>
<ul><li>The Network is connected and interactive ( not  ‘integrated’) – small pieces, loosely joined </li></ul>
<ul><li>The Network is  open </li></ul>
 
 
What are the key technologies at play?
 
Web 2.0 - Core Technologies Tools for worldmaking…
<ul><li>Social Networking </li></ul>http://staffdev.henrico.k12.va.us/parents/socnetwork.htm
<ul><li>Tagging </li></ul>
<ul><li>Asynchronous Javascript and XML (AJAX) </li></ul>Jesse James Garrett in February 2005. https://bpcatalog.dev.java....
<ul><li>Representational State Transfer (REST) </li></ul>-  principles that outline how resources are defined and addresse...
<ul><li>Application Program Interface (API) and Mash-Ups </li></ul>http://scenariothinking.org/wiki/images/b/b6/MashUpSysD...
<ul><li>Javascript Object Notation (JSON) </li></ul>
<ul><li>OpenID </li></ul>http://gabinetedeinformatica.net/wp15/2007/03/09/openid-nuestra-identidad-virtual/ http://www.fun...
<ul><li>The idea: identity as personal, not institutional </li></ul><ul><li>You own your data </li></ul><ul><li>Identity 2...
<ul><li>Taking Ownership… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relevance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
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E-Learning 2.0: What It Means, Where It’s Going

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Presentation I did for Mzinga is that (the result of a merger between KnowledgePlanet and Shared Insights). I looked at what e0learning 2.0 means to me personally, then what it means to students in general, and how it shaped learning. I also talked about trends in learning - especially as these new technologies come up against traditional environments. I finished with a quick summary of the underlying technologies. Audio: http://www.downes.ca/presentation/175

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E-Learning 2.0: What It Means, Where It’s Going

  1. 1. E-Learning 2.0: What It Means, Where It’s Going Stephen Downes February 21, 2008
  2. 2. What does learning 2.0 mean to me?
  3. 3. <ul><li>A place to store (and share) my photos </li></ul>http://www.flickr.com
  4. 4. <ul><li>A place to store (and share) my videos </li></ul>http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-4126240905912531540
  5. 5. <ul><li>A place to write an essay with my colleague in Montreal </li></ul>http://docs.google.com
  6. 6. <ul><li>A way to stay up to date - right up to date </li></ul>http://www.google.com/reader
  7. 7. <ul><li>A way to save on phone calls </li></ul>http://www.skype.com
  8. 8. <ul><li>Knowing where I’m staying before I get there </li></ul>http://maps.google.com
  9. 9. <ul><li>An Easy Way To Draw Pictures </li></ul>http://www.gliffy.com
  10. 10. What does Learning 2.0 mean for a learner?
  11. 11. <ul><li>Three Views of Learning Resources: </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>1. Learning Resources as a thing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Book, content object, etc </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>2. Learning Resources as events </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Class, lecture, seminar, meeting </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>The first two models are information-theoretic and medium-based models </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They stress content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They stress rules </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>3. Learning Resources as flow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stresses experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stresses pattern recognition </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. What does this look like?
  17. 17. <ul><li>User generated Content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal, opinionated </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Network of interactions </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Immersive Learning </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>New Roles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For students - as creators of learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For teachers - as coaches and mentors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For the rest of us - as teachers </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Issues: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Too much information, filtering info </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Too many sources to scan, new sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Localization, personalization, relevance </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Learning as a network phenomenon…
  23. 23. <ul><li>Web of user-generated content (eg. Wikipedia)… </li></ul>http://www.wikipedia.org
  24. 24. <ul><li>Social networks and communities (entails a genuinely portable (and owned ) identity </li></ul>http://www.facebook.com
  25. 25. <ul><li>Networks of interactions (aggregate, remix, repurpose, feed forward) – syndication </li></ul>An ecology…
  26. 26. <ul><li>The personal learning centre </li></ul>http://blog.core-ed.net/derek/2006/11/more_on_mles_and_ples.html
  27. 27. <ul><li>The Network is Diverse – multiple views, multiple technologies </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>The Network is connected and interactive ( not ‘integrated’) – small pieces, loosely joined </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>The Network is open </li></ul>
  30. 32. What are the key technologies at play?
  31. 34. Web 2.0 - Core Technologies Tools for worldmaking…
  32. 35. <ul><li>Social Networking </li></ul>http://staffdev.henrico.k12.va.us/parents/socnetwork.htm
  33. 36. <ul><li>Tagging </li></ul>
  34. 37. <ul><li>Asynchronous Javascript and XML (AJAX) </li></ul>Jesse James Garrett in February 2005. https://bpcatalog.dev.java.net/ajax/textfield-jsf/design.html
  35. 38. <ul><li>Representational State Transfer (REST) </li></ul>- principles that outline how resources are defined and addressed - looser sense: domain-specific data over HTTP http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Representational_State_Transfer http://itpro.nikkeibp.co.jp/article/Watcher/20060315/232492/
  36. 39. <ul><li>Application Program Interface (API) and Mash-Ups </li></ul>http://scenariothinking.org/wiki/images/b/b6/MashUpSysDiagramV6.0.jpg
  37. 40. <ul><li>Javascript Object Notation (JSON) </li></ul>
  38. 41. <ul><li>OpenID </li></ul>http://gabinetedeinformatica.net/wp15/2007/03/09/openid-nuestra-identidad-virtual/ http://www.funnymonkey.com/openid-in-education
  39. 42. <ul><li>The idea: identity as personal, not institutional </li></ul><ul><li>You own your data </li></ul><ul><li>Identity 2.0 – Dick Hardt http://talk.talis.com/archives/2005/10/dick_hardt_on_i.html http://identity20.com/media/OSCON2005/ </li></ul><ul><li>OpenID http://openid.net/ </li></ul>
  40. 43. <ul><li>Taking Ownership… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relevance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interaction </li></ul></ul>http://www.downes.ca/presentation/86

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