Down the Drain: Where is
    Down the Drain: Where is
       our Water going?
       our Water going?
                AWPC...
Natural Desert Environment




AWPCA Annual Conference   Down the Drain: Where is our
May 3, 2006                         ...
Developed Desert Oasis




AWPCA Annual Conference          Down the Drain: Where is our
May 3, 2006                      ...
Developed Desert Environment




AWPCA Annual Conference   Down the Drain: Where is our
May 3, 2006                       ...
Human Needs


■   How much water does a human need to
    survive?

      1.5 gallons per day to survive
           13 gal...
International Water Usage

■   Australia – 92 gpcd
■   Canada – 79 gpcd
■   United Kingdom – 35 gpcd
■   Germany – 28 gpcd...
National Water Usage

■   Nevada – 300 gpcd
■   Dayton, Wyoming – 250 gpcd
■   California – 228 gpcd
■   Albuquerque, NM –...
National Water Usage




AWPCA Annual Conference            Down the Drain: Where is our
May 3, 2006                      ...
Local Water Usage
                          Design Standards
■   Phoenix – 220 gpcd
■   Mesa – 160 gpcd
■   Buckeye – 150 ...
Breakdown of Uses
                    United Kingdom




                                     Study Site              % In...
Breakdown of Uses
                             in the home




AWPCA Annual Conference                       Down the Drai...
Rating the Average User

     Gallons/Person/Day              Rating

                          100      Very Heavy

     ...
U.S. Government
                          Energy Policy Act
■   1992 Public Law 102-486
      - Faucets/sinks – 2.5 gpm
  ...
Phoenix Metro Conservation
■   Phoenix – No rebate programs
      – Irrigation & Landscape workshops @ Botanical
        G...
Phoenix Metro Conservation
■   Mesa
      – Landscape rebate ($200)
      – Water “Deeply and Infrequently”
      – Elemen...
Other Arizona Cities
■   Flagstaff
      – Landscape rabate ($500)
      – Dual flush toilet/waterless urinal rebate
     ...
Other Programs
■   Albuquerque
     –   Xeriscape ($5,000), Toilet Rebate
     –   Washer, Hot water recirculation, Sprink...
Other Programs
■   Cary, NC
      –   “Beat the Peak”
      –   “Tuna Can Plan”
      –   Alternate watering Days (up to $...
What are people paying?
     Potable Water Rates Per 1000 gallons on 5/8” meter
                     Tier 1     Tier 2   T...
What Can We Do?
■   Tiered rate schedule
      – Discounts for excess conservation over recommended
■   Additional rebate ...
What Can We Do?


                            Question
                               &
                            Answer...
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Down The Drain

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Presented at 2006 AWPCA conferece. Comparison of water uses and conservation techniques across the globe.

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Down The Drain

  1. 1. Down the Drain: Where is Down the Drain: Where is our Water going? our Water going? AWPCA Annual Conference May 3, 2006 May 3, 2006 Brandon Squire, PE & Douglas Patriquin, LEED AP AWPCA Annual Conference Down the Drain: Where is our May 3, 2006 water going?
  2. 2. Natural Desert Environment AWPCA Annual Conference Down the Drain: Where is our May 3, 2006 water going?
  3. 3. Developed Desert Oasis AWPCA Annual Conference Down the Drain: Where is our May 3, 2006 water going?
  4. 4. Developed Desert Environment AWPCA Annual Conference Down the Drain: Where is our May 3, 2006 water going?
  5. 5. Human Needs ■ How much water does a human need to survive? 1.5 gallons per day to survive 13 gallons total for drinking, cooking, bathing and sanitation AWPCA Annual Conference Down the Drain: Where is our May 3, 2006 water going?
  6. 6. International Water Usage ■ Australia – 92 gpcd ■ Canada – 79 gpcd ■ United Kingdom – 35 gpcd ■ Germany – 28 gpcd ■ Netherlands – 27 gpcd ■ India – 8 gpcd ■ Kenya – 3.5 gpcd ■ Gambia – 1.2 gpcd AWPCA Annual Conference Down the Drain: Where is our May 3, 2006 water going?
  7. 7. National Water Usage ■ Nevada – 300 gpcd ■ Dayton, Wyoming – 250 gpcd ■ California – 228 gpcd ■ Albuquerque, NM – 205 gpcd ■ New York (United Water) – 167 gpcd ■ Tampa, FL – 104 gpcd ■ Goleta, CA – 90 gpcd AWPCA Annual Conference Down the Drain: Where is our May 3, 2006 water going?
  8. 8. National Water Usage AWPCA Annual Conference Down the Drain: Where is our May 3, 2006 water going?
  9. 9. Local Water Usage Design Standards ■ Phoenix – 220 gpcd ■ Mesa – 160 gpcd ■ Buckeye – 150 gpcd ■ Goodyear – 148 gpcd ■ Tucson – 110 gpcd ■ Scottsdale – 78 gpcd AWPCA Annual Conference Down the Drain: Where is our May 3, 2006 water going?
  10. 10. Breakdown of Uses United Kingdom Study Site % Indoor % Outdoor Boulder, CO 42.80% 57.20% Denver, CO 40.30% 59.70% Eugene, OR 59.20% 40.80% Las Virgenes, CA 23.80% 76.20% Lompoc, CA 61.10% 38.90% Phoenix, AZ 41.30% 58.70% San Diego, CA 37.20% 62.80% Scottsdale/Tempe, AZ 33.50% 66.50% Seattle, WA 61.80% 38.20% Tampa, FL 54.50% 45.50% Walnut, CA 36.10% 63.90% Average 41.90% 58.10% AWPCA Annual Conference Down the Drain: Where is our May 3, 2006 water going?
  11. 11. Breakdown of Uses in the home AWPCA Annual Conference Down the Drain: Where is our May 3, 2006 water going?
  12. 12. Rating the Average User Gallons/Person/Day Rating 100 Very Heavy 75 Heavy 60 Average 45 Conservative 30 Very Conservative AWPCA Annual Conference Down the Drain: Where is our May 3, 2006 water going?
  13. 13. U.S. Government Energy Policy Act ■ 1992 Public Law 102-486 - Faucets/sinks – 2.5 gpm - Toilets – 1.6 gpf - Urinals – 1.0 gpf - All at 80 psi ■ Developed in 1992 - Set into motion Jan. 1 1994 AWPCA Annual Conference Down the Drain: Where is our May 3, 2006 water going?
  14. 14. Phoenix Metro Conservation ■ Phoenix – No rebate programs – Irrigation & Landscape workshops @ Botanical Gardens – (WET) Water Education for Teachers K-12 ■ Scottsdale – Turf removal rebate ($3,000) – Irrigation controller, Hot water recirculation, Toilets, Shower heads ■ Glendale – Turf removal Rebate ($750) – Monthly Landscape classes (Glendale Library) – Free K-5 Education assemblies w/ “Rattlesnake the Story Teller” AWPCA Annual Conference Down the Drain: Where is our May 3, 2006 water going?
  15. 15. Phoenix Metro Conservation ■ Mesa – Landscape rebate ($200) – Water “Deeply and Infrequently” – Elementary Classroom Education ■ Tempe – Turf removal ($500) – Toilet replacement – Industrial/commercial incentives up to $20,000 based on 25-50% of cost AWPCA Annual Conference Down the Drain: Where is our May 3, 2006 water going?
  16. 16. Other Arizona Cities ■ Flagstaff – Landscape rabate ($500) – Dual flush toilet/waterless urinal rebate ($100) – Clothes washer rebate ($100) – Specified watering days – fines imposed – Summer watering time restriction (9am – 5pm) ■ Tucson – Water$mart workshops – Zanjero Program – Tiered Residential Schedule AWPCA Annual Conference Down the Drain: Where is our May 3, 2006 water going?
  17. 17. Other Programs ■ Albuquerque – Xeriscape ($5,000), Toilet Rebate – Washer, Hot water recirculation, Sprinkler timer – Summer watering time restriction (10am – 6pm) – Per capita water use from 250 to 174 gpd in 10 years – No more than 20% high water use plants for new landscaping ■ Seattle – Washer, Sprinkler system and Timer Rebates – “Water You Doing” – Video w/ Bill Nye and others ■ San Diego – Washer, Toilet, Timer, Install Free Kitchen Sprayers – Plumbing Retrofit Program – Residential water Survey – Guaranteed Water Program AWPCA Annual Conference Down the Drain: Where is our May 3, 2006 water going?
  18. 18. Other Programs ■ Cary, NC – “Beat the Peak” – “Tuna Can Plan” – Alternate watering Days (up to $500 fines) – Required Rain sensors (up to $400) ■ Boston Area – MWRA – “Watersense” – Provides free shower heads, tank dams, aerators & dye tabs ■ Australia – Pool Covers, Washers, Rain Sensors, Sub-surface irrigation piping – Current restrictions in Sydney include • No Sprinklers for watering lawns • No car washing • Permit required to fill pool AWPCA Annual Conference Down the Drain: Where is our May 3, 2006 water going?
  19. 19. What are people paying? Potable Water Rates Per 1000 gallons on 5/8” meter Tier 1 Tier 2 Tier 3 Tier 1 Tier 2 Tier 3 PHX $1.03 $1.39* Seattle $3.85 $4.48 $11.43 Scottsdale $1.42 $2.58 $3.35 San Diego $2.21 $2.77 $3.03 Glendale $1.27 Cary, NC $3.28 $3.75 $5.33 Mesa $1.94 $2.91 Boston $4.33 $4.53 $4.72 Flagstaff $2.83 $3.32 $4.71 Sydney $2.91 Tucson $1.38 $4.81 $6.75 Bangkok $0.85 $1.00 $1.04 *Averaged varying seasonal monthly charge AWPCA Annual Conference Down the Drain: Where is our May 3, 2006 water going?
  20. 20. What Can We Do? ■ Tiered rate schedule – Discounts for excess conservation over recommended ■ Additional rebate programs – Pool covers – Washing machines ■ “Beat the Peak” programs – Set Watering hours - Impose Fines ■ EDUCATION – Funded by excessive use penalties ■ Grey Water ■ PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY AWPCA Annual Conference Down the Drain: Where is our May 3, 2006 water going?
  21. 21. What Can We Do? Question & Answer AWPCA Annual Conference Down the Drain: Where is our May 3, 2006 water going?

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