Steve Midgley Deputy Director Office of Education Technology US Department of Education
Context Process Content
Context
<ul><li>“ By 2020, America will once again have the highest proportion of college graduates in the world.” </li></ul><ul><...
Process
<ul><li>“ I can't create my future with the tools from your past.” </li></ul>Middle school student Second Life Session
<ul><li>National Education Technology Plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching  </li></ul><...
Challenges <ul><li>Educational technology market suffers from “a  classic market failure  . . . that discourages private i...
Opportunities <ul><li>Billions of dollars spent on educational materials, technology and assessments each year. </li></ul>...
<ul><li>“ The  Answer” doesn’t exist </li></ul><ul><li>Solutions will be assembled from everywhere </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><...
<ul><li>Everyone should be able to find “our stuff” </li></ul><ul><li>Other people should be able to comment on our stuff ...
Accelerating Change <ul><li>Q: What accelerates and strengthens growth of a network? </li></ul><ul><li>A: Value </li></ul>...
Content
Network Functionality: keep it simple <ul><li>What should a content network do? </li></ul><ul><li>“ Help me find stuff” </...
Network Functionality: objectives <ul><li>Provide services: permit innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Let everyone participate <...
Network Brawn Brain
Network Stack
Content Sources <ul><li>Dept of Energy, Treasury, National Science Foundation, NASA, NOAA, Smithsonian,  National Archives...
Don’t re-invent the wheel, but axle grease welcome <ul><li>International and NGO </li></ul><ul><li>EU: Globe, European Sch...
Advanced Learning Systems: Capabilities <ul><li>Single sign on & identity management </li></ul><ul><li>Purchasing and lice...
Interoperability Needs <ul><li>Lightweight </li></ul><ul><li>Open access and derivation </li></ul><ul><li>Transparent comm...
Open Government (that’s you) Participation Welcome (and needed)
www.ed.gov/technology [email_address]
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Midgley Interoperability US Dept of Ed

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Midgley Interoperability US Dept of Ed

  1. 1. Steve Midgley Deputy Director Office of Education Technology US Department of Education
  2. 2. Context Process Content
  3. 3. Context
  4. 4. <ul><li>“ By 2020, America will once again have the highest proportion of college graduates in the world.” </li></ul><ul><li>President Obama </li></ul>
  5. 5. Process
  6. 6. <ul><li>“ I can't create my future with the tools from your past.” </li></ul>Middle school student Second Life Session
  7. 7. <ul><li>National Education Technology Plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Productivity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National Broadband Plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Learning and Content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better Data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved Infrastructure </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Challenges <ul><li>Educational technology market suffers from “a classic market failure . . . that discourages private industry from heavily investing in basic research to exploit emerging information technologies for learning” </li></ul><ul><li>-- Federation of American Scientists </li></ul><ul><li>Education markets are “notoriously difficult to enter [because] they are highly fragmented and often highly political.” </li></ul><ul><li>-- Henry Kelly </li></ul>
  9. 9. Opportunities <ul><li>Billions of dollars spent on educational materials, technology and assessments each year. </li></ul><ul><li>Millions of learning objects, primary source materials and other resources housed in Federal repositories today. </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands of educational Communities of Practice operating online around the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Hundreds of commercial and non-profit organizations working with digital resources and online learning today. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>“ The Answer” doesn’t exist </li></ul><ul><li>Solutions will be assembled from everywhere </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Federal initiatives </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Industry innovation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>State and local policy and practice </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Non-profits and reform support organizations </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>Learning Registry Hi, That’s Us!
  11. 11. <ul><li>Everyone should be able to find “our stuff” </li></ul><ul><li>Other people should be able to comment on our stuff </li></ul><ul><li>We shouldn’t intermediate communication or use: “No gatekeepers” </li></ul><ul><li>We should encourage others settle on a solution </li></ul><ul><li>We shouldn’t be the only node on the network </li></ul><ul><li>We shouldn’t reinvent the wheel </li></ul><ul><li>Our stuff is free, but we should make room for-sale </li></ul>Federal Needs
  12. 12. Accelerating Change <ul><li>Q: What accelerates and strengthens growth of a network? </li></ul><ul><li>A: Value </li></ul><ul><li>Q: Where does value come from? </li></ul><ul><li>A: Functionality and Participation </li></ul><ul><li>Q: Can you build participation without functionality? </li></ul><ul><li>A: ? </li></ul><ul><li>Suggested reading: Benkler, Wealth of Networks & Christenson, Disrupting Class </li></ul>
  13. 13. Content
  14. 14. Network Functionality: keep it simple <ul><li>What should a content network do? </li></ul><ul><li>“ Help me find stuff” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Let me share stuff” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Allow me to participate” </li></ul>
  15. 15. Network Functionality: objectives <ul><li>Provide services: permit innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Let everyone participate </li></ul><ul><li>No default “winners” </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone can provide info on anything </li></ul><ul><li>Identity exists </li></ul><ul><li>Re-aggregation is natural </li></ul><ul><li>Usage/utility is shared </li></ul>
  16. 16. Network Brawn Brain
  17. 17. Network Stack
  18. 18. Content Sources <ul><li>Dept of Energy, Treasury, National Science Foundation, NASA, NOAA, Smithsonian, National Archives, Library of Congress, Education, and more </li></ul><ul><li>Publishers, School Districts, States, Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Public Broadcasting System, Entrepreneurs, Broadcasters, NGO’s, Teachers </li></ul>
  19. 19. Don’t re-invent the wheel, but axle grease welcome <ul><li>International and NGO </li></ul><ul><li>EU: Globe, European SchoolNet, Ariadne </li></ul><ul><li>Australia </li></ul><ul><li>OERCommons, NYLearns, many others </li></ul><ul><li>Private Sector </li></ul><ul><li>IMS/Jess & co, Academic Benchmarks, many others </li></ul><ul><li>States / Local </li></ul><ul><li>California, Indiana, many others </li></ul>
  20. 20. Advanced Learning Systems: Capabilities <ul><li>Single sign on & identity management </li></ul><ul><li>Purchasing and license acquisition is easy </li></ul><ul><li>Re-using, re-mixing, re-purposing is easy (or even possible) </li></ul><ul><li>Communities can exist and find each other </li></ul><ul><li>Users control their data and privacy (no more stovepipes) </li></ul><ul><li>Instrumentation: it’s possible to see the bigger picture </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple voices (aka meta-data) </li></ul><ul><li>Diverse relevance and recommendation sources </li></ul><ul><li>Value is intensified by diverse parties </li></ul>
  21. 21. Interoperability Needs <ul><li>Lightweight </li></ul><ul><li>Open access and derivation </li></ul><ul><li>Transparent community </li></ul><ul><li>Opt-in & self-assembling </li></ul><ul><li>Easy “on-ramp” </li></ul><ul><li>Simple use-cases have simple implementations </li></ul><ul><li>Workflow is handled but not required </li></ul><ul><li>De-coupled transport </li></ul><ul><li>Open reference implementations & testing harnesses </li></ul><ul><li>Uses existing standards </li></ul><ul><li>Federated identity of resources (plus ancestry!) </li></ul><ul><li>Federated discovery (and therefore relevancy is too) </li></ul><ul><li>Semantic tuples? Something else? </li></ul>
  22. 22. Open Government (that’s you) Participation Welcome (and needed)
  23. 23. www.ed.gov/technology [email_address]
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