SAFETY slides

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This is a collection of slides in a timed format. There are educational notes at the bottom of the slides if you can open the package. I created them some time ago, and use them as a 'walk-in' collection when I am training in H&S. I reckon they also are a simple 'safety awareness' tool of use as both fun and informative tuition. Enjoy!

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  • Now, one of our earliest experiences would have shown us that occupational health and safety itself, starts with:
  • ‘ OHHHHH’ Sorry to startle some of you, but this is a reality if we visit early Man, and the discovery of one of our most enduring and useful tools: FIRE. Imagine, if you will, that first touch of sentient curiosity. The reaching out of the human hand to the swirling flame that may have eventuated with a strike of lightning on dry wood… The ‘Oooowwww’ in reaction to the heat… And, hopefully, the lesson learned and the future of proactive thought when next in proximity to fire… Hopefully, that forerunner of homo sapiens realised he or she would have to be proactive in Future, maybe understanding along the way that safe workplaces don’t just happen, someone works to make them that way…
  • ‘ OHHHHH’ Sorry to startle some of you, but this is a reality if we visit early Man, and the discovery of one of our most enduring and useful tools: FIRE. Imagine, if you will, that first touch of sentient curiosity. The reaching out of the human hand to the swirling flame that may have eventuated with a strike of lightning on dry wood… The ‘Oooowwww’ in reaction to the heat… And, hopefully, the lesson learned and the future of proactive thought when next in proximity to fire… Hopefully, that forerunner of homo sapiens realised he or she would have to be proactive in Future, maybe understanding along the way that safe workplaces don’t just happen, someone works to make them that way…
  • ‘ OHHHHH’ Sorry to startle some of you, but this is a reality if we visit early Man, and the discovery of one of our most enduring and useful tools: FIRE. Imagine, if you will, that first touch of sentient curiosity. The reaching out of the human hand to the swirling flame that may have eventuated with a strike of lightning on dry wood… The ‘Oooowwww’ in reaction to the heat… And, hopefully, the lesson learned and the future of proactive thought when next in proximity to fire… Hopefully, that forerunner of homo sapiens realised he or she would have to be proactive in Future, maybe understanding along the way that safe workplaces don’t just happen, someone works to make them that way…
  • ‘ OHHHHH’ Sorry to startle some of you, but this is a reality if we visit early Man, and the discovery of one of our most enduring and useful tools: FIRE. Imagine, if you will, that first touch of sentient curiosity. The reaching out of the human hand to the swirling flame that may have eventuated with a strike of lightning on dry wood… The ‘Oooowwww’ in reaction to the heat… And, hopefully, the lesson learned and the future of proactive thought when next in proximity to fire… Hopefully, that forerunner of homo sapiens realised he or she would have to be proactive in Future, maybe understanding along the way that safe workplaces don’t just happen, someone works to make them that way…
  • Perhaps our ancestor realised the answer to this simple question? A pretty obvious answer… but surprising how often the essence is overlooked! Like the joke of ‘What are a redneck’s famous last words?’ ‘Hey! Watch this…’ We usually discover, to our cost, that reasoning becomes a necessity when reality is amiss…
  • That is, we learn to change our approach to things because our sense of normalcy has been knocked about, and a new approach has to be taken to re-establish the status-quo we usually enjoy: that of being able to relax because everything is ‘normal’. Put another way, when the risk of things going wrong is highlighted for us, the pleasures we take for granted begin to dissipate, and we have to focus more on outright survival.
  • An example of how pleasures can be soured is captured by the Sword of Damocles. Around 2400 hundred years ago, Dionysius I, a Tyrant of Syracuse in Sicily, had a sycophant by the name of Damocles. Damocles once told Dionysius that the Tyrant’s life was so good that he – Dionysius must be one of the happiest men on Earth. The Tyrant thought about this and then invited Damocles to be ‘king for a day’. Damocles jumped at the chance and on the great day was revelling in the lap of luxury, about to enjoy a sumptuous banquet, when suddenly he noticed a huge sword hanging above his head. The sword was supported by a single horse-hair. On seeing this extraordinary threat to his well-being, it is said Damocles lost his appetite for what he saw as the good-life… And we have to ask, of course… ‘What weighted implements might be hanging by a thread above our heads right now? What un-identified hazards lurk in the recesses of our own business operation?’ You will forgive my very simple example of the sort of problem we ourselves may have in our workplace, when I now ask you to put your right arm in the air like this… straight up… that’s it… now, on the count of 3 I want you all to point North. Here we go… 1 2 3…
  • 1 2 3 As may be noted, there are a number of variations. A bit of a laugh here, for sure, but not such a laugh if we are trying to follow the instruction on orienting ourselves as we follow the instruction on a fire evacuation procedure. And don’t worry, it gets worse: Many folk as they go about their daily business do not realise their thinking processes may reduce quite a bit during a real emergency… The fire, the explosion, the collapse… Physiologically, people gain amazing strength and can sometimes lift great weights and so on… But it is the psychology that is of interest to us: our thinking processes reduce to that of a reasonably intelligent dog… so… ‘Hello, Lassie… hello, Rin-Tin-Tin…!’
  • Today, I am simply asking you to consider what steps you have in place in your workplace that allow each and every foreseeable hazard to be identified, assessed for the risk it presents, and what reasonable steps have you taken to prevent or minimise its impact on both workers and visitors alike.
  • It is handy to know no injury, illness nor damage can occur without an exchange of energy.
  • I am asking you to consider the fact that at the core, many safe workplaces do exist, and it is through studies – over many years – that we can remove a lot of the mystique of safety and focus on relatively simple seed values. It is handy to know that safety has only two faces: the faces of “What if…?” and “If only…!” and that no injury, illness nor damage can occur without an exchange of energy. This provides us a giant leap forward! Once we know the energies that are at play in our workplace, the game becomes easier…
  • Before we move into core, risk management, values, I am revealing this powerful formula… a formula that makes everyone’s job easier: You all know that when you are inspired, even a small amount of information becomes gold in your pockets. On the other hand, all the information in the world is useless to those who are not inspired to use it. In reality, if we cannot BE inspired, we should ACT inspired, and if we CANNOT even ACT inspired, we should look for another job! Safety, in particular, is too precious to be uninspired about…
  • As was discussed in the previous slide, it can be our inspiration that helps us develop the next safe workplace… be the one who makes the workplace safe for all – even thought they may never acknowledge nor even recognise the need to acknowledge – the work we have done…
  • … and for many folk, it is simply enough to achieve an attitudinal change. To bring about a change in worker behaviour so that the role of the safety professional is redundant… safety has become so embedded, so systemic, that the operative needs no outside influence to achieve safety…
  • It is handy to know what we are looking for: protection of the worker – whether the ‘worker’ is a managing director at ‘board’ level, or a a rank-and-file employee on a production line at ‘bored’ level… The same rules apply: their physical health must be addressed; the mental comfort zone involved with welfare needs support, and the overall freedom from injury, illness and/or damage taken care of… Impacting on any of these, will affect both the worker and the workplace, including its inputs, processes and outputs. (Maybe add: “My personal definition of ‘safety’ is “the ability to take my next breath in the most beautiful and comfortable way possible…”
  • The law is the greatest invention of civilisation… for without it, we would not have civilisation… We learn to accept what is ‘in’ and ‘out’ of bounds…
  • The law is the greatest invention of civilisation… for without it, we would not have civilisation… We learn to accept what is ‘in’ and ‘out’ of bounds…
  • … even when we learn what is ‘in’ and ‘out’ of bounds, there will be times when we consider the ancient saying: ‘Rules are for the governance of fools and the guidance of the wise’… and perhaps, in our wisdom, decide to ‘break’ a rule or two… (Use crossing of road against the ‘don’t walk’ sign as an example, then use same example but when you are with young children, whose sense of judgement may not be developed, etc.)
  • Now, we are playing football…here is the playing field… watch the ball…
  • Now, we are playing football…here is the playing field… watch the ball…
  • Now, we are playing football…here is the playing field… watch the ball…
  • Now, we are playing football…here is the playing field… watch the ball…
  • Where is the ball here? [Audience (hopefully responds):] OUT!
  • Where is the ball here? IN!
  • And where is it here? OUT!
  • And where is it here? Number of potential replies: IN…. OUT… ON THE LINE… Those who said ‘IN’ would be those who play REAL football: SOCCER, since the round ball has to totally cross the line to be ‘OUT’. Those who said ‘OUT’ would be rugby league players, since the ball only has to touch the line to be ‘OUT’. Those who said ‘ON THE LINE’… Good call… since, when it all is said and done, more definition was required for our example…
  • And where is it here? Number of potential replies: IN…. OUT… ON THE LINE… Those who said ‘IN’ would be those who play REAL football: SOCCER, since the round ball has to totally cross the line to be ‘OUT’. Those who said ‘OUT’ would be rugby league players, since the ball only has to touch the line to be ‘OUT’. Those who said ‘ON THE LINE’… Good call… since, when it all is said and done, more definition was required for our example…
  • And where is it here? Number of potential replies: IN…. OUT… ON THE LINE… Those who said ‘IN’ would be those who play REAL football: SOCCER, since the round ball has to totally cross the line to be ‘OUT’. Those who said ‘OUT’ would be rugby league players, since the ball only has to touch the line to be ‘OUT’. Those who said ‘ON THE LINE’… Good call… since, when it all is said and done, more definition was required for our example…
  • And where is it here? Number of potential replies: IN…. OUT… ON THE LINE… Those who said ‘IN’ would be those who play REAL football: SOCCER, since the round ball has to totally cross the line to be ‘OUT’. Those who said ‘OUT’ would be rugby league players, since the ball only has to touch the line to be ‘OUT’. Those who said ‘ON THE LINE’… Good call… since, when it all is said and done, more definition was required for our example…
  • And where is it here? Number of potential replies: IN…. OUT… ON THE LINE… Those who said ‘IN’ would be those who play REAL football: SOCCER, since the round ball has to totally cross the line to be ‘OUT’. Those who said ‘OUT’ would be rugby league players, since the ball only has to touch the line to be ‘OUT’. Those who said ‘ON THE LINE’… Good call… since, when it all is said and done, more definition was required for our example…
  • And where is it here? Number of potential replies: IN…. OUT… ON THE LINE… Those who said ‘IN’ would be those who play REAL football: SOCCER, since the round ball has to totally cross the line to be ‘OUT’. Those who said ‘OUT’ would be rugby league players, since the ball only has to touch the line to be ‘OUT’. Those who said ‘ON THE LINE’… Good call… since, when it all is said and done, more definition was required for our example…
  • And where is it here? Number of potential replies: IN…. OUT… ON THE LINE… Those who said ‘IN’ would be those who play REAL football: SOCCER, since the round ball has to totally cross the line to be ‘OUT’. Those who said ‘OUT’ would be rugby league players, since the ball only has to touch the line to be ‘OUT’. Those who said ‘ON THE LINE’… Good call… since, when it all is said and done, more definition was required for our example…
  • And where is it here? Number of potential replies: IN…. OUT… ON THE LINE… Those who said ‘IN’ would be those who play REAL football: SOCCER, since the round ball has to totally cross the line to be ‘OUT’. Those who said ‘OUT’ would be rugby league players, since the ball only has to touch the line to be ‘OUT’. Those who said ‘ON THE LINE’… Good call… since, when it all is said and done, more definition was required for our example…
  • And where is it here? Number of potential replies: IN…. OUT… ON THE LINE… Those who said ‘IN’ would be those who play REAL football: SOCCER, since the round ball has to totally cross the line to be ‘OUT’. Those who said ‘OUT’ would be rugby league players, since the ball only has to touch the line to be ‘OUT’. Those who said ‘ON THE LINE’… Good call… since, when it all is said and done, more definition was required for our example…
  • And where is it here? Number of potential replies: IN…. OUT… ON THE LINE… Those who said ‘IN’ would be those who play REAL football: SOCCER, since the round ball has to totally cross the line to be ‘OUT’. Those who said ‘OUT’ would be rugby league players, since the ball only has to touch the line to be ‘OUT’. Those who said ‘ON THE LINE’… Good call… since, when it all is said and done, more definition was required for our example…
  • And where is it here? Number of potential replies: IN…. OUT… ON THE LINE… Those who said ‘IN’ would be those who play REAL football: SOCCER, since the round ball has to totally cross the line to be ‘OUT’. Those who said ‘OUT’ would be rugby league players, since the ball only has to touch the line to be ‘OUT’. Those who said ‘ON THE LINE’… Good call… since, when it all is said and done, more definition was required for our example…
  • In what ever game we play, it is usually the referee or umpire who makes the final call… and in a court of law?
  • Not much difference! It is the judge who is there, not necessarily to find us ‘guilty’ or ‘not guilty’ but to ensure POINTS OF LAW are adhered to… We have all seen cop shows, with a heated courtroom scene shows one or another of the prosecution or defence barristers jump up and say ‘objection your honour’ and his or her honour follows up with ‘objection sustained’ or ‘objection over-ruled’… the judge is making a comment based on whether the law is being adhered to or not… and so on… Remember, it is easier to play the game once we know the rules… and statutory safety authorities throughout Australia adhere to certain core rules… It is also very relevant to consider where we might end-up if we are going to go ‘close to the edge’ with our safety systems (or lack thereof): If we are going to need the finer definition of the courtroom it can very costly indeed! A good rule of thumb is to know where the boundaries are, and then take a couple of steps back from those boundaries, so you know you are always ‘inbounds’! Anyway, let’s take a trip back in time to some interesting rules that were carved in stone…
  • Not much difference! It is the judge who is there, not necessarily to find us ‘guilty’ or ‘not guilty’ but to ensure POINTS OF LAW are adhered to… We have all seen cop shows, with a heated courtroom scene shows one or another of the prosecution or defence barristers jump up and say ‘objection your honour’ and his or her honour follows up with ‘objection sustained’ or ‘objection over-ruled’… the judge is making a comment based on whether the law is being adhered to or not… and so on… Remember, it is easier to play the game once we know the rules… and statutory safety authorities throughout Australia adhere to certain core rules… It is also very relevant to consider where we might end-up if we are going to go ‘close to the edge’ with our safety systems (or lack thereof): If we are going to need the finer definition of the courtroom it can very costly indeed! A good rule of thumb is to know where the boundaries are, and then take a couple of steps back from those boundaries, so you know you are always ‘inbounds’! Anyway, let’s take a trip back in time to some interesting rules that were carved in stone…
  • Not much difference! It is the judge who is there, not necessarily to find us ‘guilty’ or ‘not guilty’ but to ensure POINTS OF LAW are adhered to… We have all seen cop shows, with a heated courtroom scene shows one or another of the prosecution or defence barristers jump up and say ‘objection your honour’ and his or her honour follows up with ‘objection sustained’ or ‘objection over-ruled’… the judge is making a comment based on whether the law is being adhered to or not… and so on… Remember, it is easier to play the game once we know the rules… and statutory safety authorities throughout Australia adhere to certain core rules… It is also very relevant to consider where we might end-up if we are going to go ‘close to the edge’ with our safety systems (or lack thereof): If we are going to need the finer definition of the courtroom it can very costly indeed! A good rule of thumb is to know where the boundaries are, and then take a couple of steps back from those boundaries, so you know you are always ‘inbounds’! Anyway, let’s take a trip back in time to some interesting rules that were carved in stone…
  • Not much difference! It is the judge who is there, not necessarily to find us ‘guilty’ or ‘not guilty’ but to ensure POINTS OF LAW are adhered to… We have all seen cop shows, with a heated courtroom scene shows one or another of the prosecution or defence barristers jump up and say ‘objection your honour’ and his or her honour follows up with ‘objection sustained’ or ‘objection over-ruled’… the judge is making a comment based on whether the law is being adhered to or not… and so on… Remember, it is easier to play the game once we know the rules… and statutory safety authorities throughout Australia adhere to certain core rules… It is also very relevant to consider where we might end-up if we are going to go ‘close to the edge’ with our safety systems (or lack thereof): If we are going to need the finer definition of the courtroom it can very costly indeed! A good rule of thumb is to know where the boundaries are, and then take a couple of steps back from those boundaries, so you know you are always ‘inbounds’! Anyway, let’s take a trip back in time to some interesting rules that were carved in stone…
  • Not much difference! It is the judge who is there, not necessarily to find us ‘guilty’ or ‘not guilty’ but to ensure POINTS OF LAW are adhered to… We have all seen cop shows, with a heated courtroom scene shows one or another of the prosecution or defence barristers jump up and say ‘objection your honour’ and his or her honour follows up with ‘objection sustained’ or ‘objection over-ruled’… the judge is making a comment based on whether the law is being adhered to or not… and so on… Remember, it is easier to play the game once we know the rules… and statutory safety authorities throughout Australia adhere to certain core rules… It is also very relevant to consider where we might end-up if we are going to go ‘close to the edge’ with our safety systems (or lack thereof): If we are going to need the finer definition of the courtroom it can very costly indeed! A good rule of thumb is to know where the boundaries are, and then take a couple of steps back from those boundaries, so you know you are always ‘inbounds’! Anyway, let’s take a trip back in time to some interesting rules that were carved in stone…
  • Of course, it is essential for all parties to know the Law. It is ridiculous to have only one party know, and to have the other party stay in the dark as to what the rules are. Historically, civilisations have understood this. Around 2700 years ago, the Greeks had Draco and Solon as very early essential and effective law-givers who codified the laws of the times. And even earlier – over a thousand years earlier in fact - the Babylonians spawned the ruler, Hammurabi. Hammurabi’s codes were inscribed in stone and provided all citizens with a set of useful rules to adhere to, on the explicit understanding that all citizens would be measured against the same yardsticks of the law: no fear or favour. A quick look at some selected laws show some aspects of the prosecutory nature of the laws. Perhaps some of our statutory authorities have taken a page from Hammurabi’s book?
  • [READ THROUGH EACH OF THE FOLLOWING SLIDES ALOUD]
  • Well, those boundaries were straight forward… It is handy to realise the concept of compensation runs so strongly through history… Also handy to recall these rules did not get rid of all the builders in Babylon… remember one of the “Seven Wonders of the World”? The Hanging Gardens of Babylon? No doubt the rules did away with some of the disreputable builders: the good ones had nothing to worry about!
  • Well, those boundaries were straight forward… It is handy to realise the concept of compensation runs so strongly through history… Also handy to recall these rules did not get rid of all the builders in Babylon… remember one of the “Seven Wonders of the World”? The Hanging Gardens of Babylon? No doubt the rules did away with some of the disreputable builders: the good ones had nothing to worry about!
  • Well, those boundaries were straight forward… It is handy to realise the concept of compensation runs so strongly through history… Also handy to recall these rules did not get rid of all the builders in Babylon… remember one of the “Seven Wonders of the World”? The Hanging Gardens of Babylon? No doubt the rules did away with some of the disreputable builders: the good ones had nothing to worry about!
  • Well, those boundaries were straight forward… It is handy to realise the concept of compensation runs so strongly through history… Also handy to recall these rules did not get rid of all the builders in Babylon… remember one of the “Seven Wonders of the World”? The Hanging Gardens of Babylon? No doubt the rules did away with some of the disreputable builders: the good ones had nothing to worry about!
  • Well, those boundaries were straight forward… It is handy to realise the concept of compensation runs so strongly through history… Also handy to recall these rules did not get rid of all the builders in Babylon… remember one of the “Seven Wonders of the World”? The Hanging Gardens of Babylon? No doubt the rules did away with some of the disreputable builders: the good ones had nothing to worry about!
  • So… where to from here.. What tools are at our collective disposal?
  • And what are we aiming to achieve? The reduction of risk to such a level that the operator does not have to waste any thought on his or her own safety and well-being, and can dedicate all his or her thinking processes to getting the job done and make money for the firm. This graph helps underline how an intrinsically safe workplace is great from a human resource perspective as well…We can hire personnel who are not necessarily well-trained in safety since the environment is so well engineered as to BE safe, no matter the state of consciousness or capability of the operator…
  • And what are we aiming to achieve? The reduction of risk to such a level that the operator does not have to waste any thought on his or her own safety and well-being, and can dedicate all his or her thinking processes to getting the job done and make money for the firm. This graph helps underline how an intrinsically safe workplace is great from a human resource perspective as well…We can hire personnel who are not necessarily well-trained in safety since the environment is so well engineered as to BE safe, no matter the state of consciousness or capability of the operator…
  • And what are we aiming to achieve? The reduction of risk to such a level that the operator does not have to waste any thought on his or her own safety and well-being, and can dedicate all his or her thinking processes to getting the job done and make money for the firm. This graph helps underline how an intrinsically safe workplace is great from a human resource perspective as well…We can hire personnel who are not necessarily well-trained in safety since the environment is so well engineered as to BE safe, no matter the state of consciousness or capability of the operator…
  • And what are we aiming to achieve? The reduction of risk to such a level that the operator does not have to waste any thought on his or her own safety and well-being, and can dedicate all his or her thinking processes to getting the job done and make money for the firm. This graph helps underline how an intrinsically safe workplace is great from a human resource perspective as well…We can hire personnel who are not necessarily well-trained in safety since the environment is so well engineered as to BE safe, no matter the state of consciousness or capability of the operator…
  • And what are we aiming to achieve? The reduction of risk to such a level that the operator does not have to waste any thought on his or her own safety and well-being, and can dedicate all his or her thinking processes to getting the job done and make money for the firm. This graph helps underline how an intrinsically safe workplace is great from a human resource perspective as well…We can hire personnel who are not necessarily well-trained in safety since the environment is so well engineered as to BE safe, no matter the state of consciousness or capability of the operator…
  • And what are we aiming to achieve? The reduction of risk to such a level that the operator does not have to waste any thought on his or her own safety and well-being, and can dedicate all his or her thinking processes to getting the job done and make money for the firm. This graph helps underline how an intrinsically safe workplace is great from a human resource perspective as well…We can hire personnel who are not necessarily well-trained in safety since the environment is so well engineered as to BE safe, no matter the state of consciousness or capability of the operator…
  • And what are we aiming to achieve? The reduction of risk to such a level that the operator does not have to waste any thought on his or her own safety and well-being, and can dedicate all his or her thinking processes to getting the job done and make money for the firm. This graph helps underline how an intrinsically safe workplace is great from a human resource perspective as well…We can hire personnel who are not necessarily well-trained in safety since the environment is so well engineered as to BE safe, no matter the state of consciousness or capability of the operator…
  • And now: here it is: the key to the millions… the billions of words and dollars spent on safety! The ability to identify hazards, assess the risk associated with each hazard, and the steps required to eliminate the hazard or control the risk associated with the hazard…
  • Regardless of where we are in Australia - or the world for that matter – if all we have is a scrap of paper and a pencil ( remember: a short pencil defeats a long memory ), and remember this slide, we are off and away in addressing the demands of our temporal Universe! ‘ Actor+Action+Time=Event’ is a handy place to start. This asks us to consider each ACTOR involved with the event (task/happening/whatever). However, the word is very encompassing. In effect, ‘ACTOR’ – in this context – could be anything you can name in this temporal universe. Whatever the ACTOR is, it will be doing something, even if it is just ‘being’ – as in, say, a pencil on a desk. That pencil is carrying out the ACTION of ‘being’… of existing in time and space… it has potential energies of sorts (it might roll off the desk if gravity gets itself involved; it has stored carbon re potential to burn…)… Now, the fact that (so far as we simpler risk managers are concerned, and ‘black holes’ aside) everything happens in TIME, it may be that an exacting, moment-by-moment consideration of what happens to that pencil, is demanded. For example, a worker bumps the desk. It is that transfer of energy that alters the table top slightly, and for a moment, insufficient friction exists to counter the pull of gravity, and the pencil begins its inexorable roll toward the edge of the desk and its eventual fall to the floor. Here, it again meets sufficient resistance to its potential to roll, and comes to a standstill. There in its standing state, it remains until another worker, not noticing it, treads on it and the pencil, receiving sufficient energy to offset the floor resistance, rolls under the worker’s foot, bringing the worker to a state of imbalance such that the worker is now a victim of uncontrolled gravitational energy, and falls to the floor, receiving such injury as is meted out by other forces – themselves subject to angles/points of impact/inherent strength/flexibility, etc. etc. [Of course, an obvious question (which I will not answer here) is: “Do we have enough resources to truly identify every actor, every action, every moment?”] The ‘Accident Investigator’s Rhyme’ of “How and Why and Where and When, Who and What and back again…” (do it three times, as boring as that may sound, for accuracy) is an excellent add-in to our ‘Four Ps’ , the considerations for which could include: PEOPLE: Abilities; Age; Authority; Build; Certification; Concerns; Condition; Decision maker; Ears; ESL; Eyes; Faculties; Fatigue; Gender; Nose; Personality; Rank; Strength; Taste; Training; Touch; Who; Etc. PARTS: Buildings; Colour; Contracts; Earth; Equipment; Feel; Flexible; Fluid; Furniture; Goods; Machinery; Maintenance; Procedures; Shelving; Signage; Solid; Substances; Surface; Use; Vehicles; Waste; Etc. POSITION: About; Above; Around; At the rear of; Behind; Below; Beneath; Breadth; Depth; Dimension; Down; Height; In front of; Length; Location; On top; Time; Topography; Under; Up; Etc. POWER: Bend; Biological; Chemical; Cold; Compression; Decay; Environment; Electricity; Energy (kinetic, potential); Fuel; Gas; Gravity; Heat; Legislation; Lighting; Pressure; Radiation; Synergy; Tension; Strain; Stretch; Etc. The above items distil into the various items below, PreWRA: Pre-Work Risk Assessment WPRA: Workplace Risk Assessment WARA: Work Activity Risk Assessment PostWRA: Post-Work Risk Assessment … which further distil into the final step, the SWMS: Safe Work Method Statement.
  • Regardless of where we are in Australia - or the world for that matter – if all we have is a scrap of paper and a pencil ( remember: a short pencil defeats a long memory ), and remember this slide, we are off and away in addressing the demands of our temporal Universe! ‘ Actor+Action+Time=Event’ is a handy place to start. This asks us to consider each ACTOR involved with the event (task/happening/whatever). However, the word is very encompassing. In effect, ‘ACTOR’ – in this context – could be anything you can name in this temporal universe. Whatever the ACTOR is, it will be doing something, even if it is just ‘being’ – as in, say, a pencil on a desk. That pencil is carrying out the ACTION of ‘being’… of existing in time and space… it has potential energies of sorts (it might roll off the desk if gravity gets itself involved; it has stored carbon re potential to burn…)… Now, the fact that (so far as we simpler risk managers are concerned, and ‘black holes’ aside) everything happens in TIME, it may be that an exacting, moment-by-moment consideration of what happens to that pencil, is demanded. For example, a worker bumps the desk. It is that transfer of energy that alters the table top slightly, and for a moment, insufficient friction exists to counter the pull of gravity, and the pencil begins its inexorable roll toward the edge of the desk and its eventual fall to the floor. Here, it again meets sufficient resistance to its potential to roll, and comes to a standstill. There in its standing state, it remains until another worker, not noticing it, treads on it and the pencil, receiving sufficient energy to offset the floor resistance, rolls under the worker’s foot, bringing the worker to a state of imbalance such that the worker is now a victim of uncontrolled gravitational energy, and falls to the floor, receiving such injury as is meted out by other forces – themselves subject to angles/points of impact/inherent strength/flexibility, etc. etc. [Of course, an obvious question (which I will not answer here) is: “Do we have enough resources to truly identify every actor, every action, every moment?”] The ‘Accident Investigator’s Rhyme’ of “How and Why and Where and When, Who and What and back again…” (do it three times, as boring as that may sound, for accuracy) is an excellent add-in to our ‘Four Ps’ , the considerations for which could include: PEOPLE: Abilities; Age; Authority; Build; Certification; Concerns; Condition; Decision maker; Ears; ESL; Eyes; Faculties; Fatigue; Gender; Nose; Personality; Rank; Strength; Taste; Training; Touch; Who; Etc. PARTS: Buildings; Colour; Contracts; Earth; Equipment; Feel; Flexible; Fluid; Furniture; Goods; Machinery; Maintenance; Procedures; Shelving; Signage; Solid; Substances; Surface; Use; Vehicles; Waste; Etc. POSITION: About; Above; Around; At the rear of; Behind; Below; Beneath; Breadth; Depth; Dimension; Down; Height; In front of; Length; Location; On top; Time; Topography; Under; Up; Etc. POWER: Bend; Biological; Chemical; Cold; Compression; Decay; Environment; Electricity; Energy (kinetic, potential); Fuel; Gas; Gravity; Heat; Legislation; Lighting; Pressure; Radiation; Synergy; Tension; Strain; Stretch; Etc. The above items distil into the various items below, PreWRA: Pre-Work Risk Assessment WPRA: Workplace Risk Assessment WARA: Work Activity Risk Assessment PostWRA: Post-Work Risk Assessment … which further distil into the final step, the SWMS: Safe Work Method Statement.
  • Regardless of where we are in Australia - or the world for that matter – if all we have is a scrap of paper and a pencil ( remember: a short pencil defeats a long memory ), and remember this slide, we are off and away in addressing the demands of our temporal Universe! ‘ Actor+Action+Time=Event’ is a handy place to start. This asks us to consider each ACTOR involved with the event (task/happening/whatever). However, the word is very encompassing. In effect, ‘ACTOR’ – in this context – could be anything you can name in this temporal universe. Whatever the ACTOR is, it will be doing something, even if it is just ‘being’ – as in, say, a pencil on a desk. That pencil is carrying out the ACTION of ‘being’… of existing in time and space… it has potential energies of sorts (it might roll off the desk if gravity gets itself involved; it has stored carbon re potential to burn…)… Now, the fact that (so far as we simpler risk managers are concerned, and ‘black holes’ aside) everything happens in TIME, it may be that an exacting, moment-by-moment consideration of what happens to that pencil, is demanded. For example, a worker bumps the desk. It is that transfer of energy that alters the table top slightly, and for a moment, insufficient friction exists to counter the pull of gravity, and the pencil begins its inexorable roll toward the edge of the desk and its eventual fall to the floor. Here, it again meets sufficient resistance to its potential to roll, and comes to a standstill. There in its standing state, it remains until another worker, not noticing it, treads on it and the pencil, receiving sufficient energy to offset the floor resistance, rolls under the worker’s foot, bringing the worker to a state of imbalance such that the worker is now a victim of uncontrolled gravitational energy, and falls to the floor, receiving such injury as is meted out by other forces – themselves subject to angles/points of impact/inherent strength/flexibility, etc. etc. [Of course, an obvious question (which I will not answer here) is: “Do we have enough resources to truly identify every actor, every action, every moment?”] The ‘Accident Investigator’s Rhyme’ of “How and Why and Where and When, Who and What and back again…” (do it three times, as boring as that may sound, for accuracy) is an excellent add-in to our ‘Four Ps’ , the considerations for which could include: PEOPLE: Abilities; Age; Authority; Build; Certification; Concerns; Condition; Decision maker; Ears; ESL; Eyes; Faculties; Fatigue; Gender; Nose; Personality; Rank; Strength; Taste; Training; Touch; Who; Etc. PARTS: Buildings; Colour; Contracts; Earth; Equipment; Feel; Flexible; Fluid; Furniture; Goods; Machinery; Maintenance; Procedures; Shelving; Signage; Solid; Substances; Surface; Use; Vehicles; Waste; Etc. POSITION: About; Above; Around; At the rear of; Behind; Below; Beneath; Breadth; Depth; Dimension; Down; Height; In front of; Length; Location; On top; Time; Topography; Under; Up; Etc. POWER: Bend; Biological; Chemical; Cold; Compression; Decay; Environment; Electricity; Energy (kinetic, potential); Fuel; Gas; Gravity; Heat; Legislation; Lighting; Pressure; Radiation; Synergy; Tension; Strain; Stretch; Etc. The above items distil into the various items below, PreWRA: Pre-Work Risk Assessment WPRA: Workplace Risk Assessment WARA: Work Activity Risk Assessment PostWRA: Post-Work Risk Assessment … which further distil into the final step, the SWMS: Safe Work Method Statement.
  • Regardless of where we are in Australia - or the world for that matter – if all we have is a scrap of paper and a pencil ( remember: a short pencil defeats a long memory ), and remember this slide, we are off and away in addressing the demands of our temporal Universe! ‘ Actor+Action+Time=Event’ is a handy place to start. This asks us to consider each ACTOR involved with the event (task/happening/whatever). However, the word is very encompassing. In effect, ‘ACTOR’ – in this context – could be anything you can name in this temporal universe. Whatever the ACTOR is, it will be doing something, even if it is just ‘being’ – as in, say, a pencil on a desk. That pencil is carrying out the ACTION of ‘being’… of existing in time and space… it has potential energies of sorts (it might roll off the desk if gravity gets itself involved; it has stored carbon re potential to burn…)… Now, the fact that (so far as we simpler risk managers are concerned, and ‘black holes’ aside) everything happens in TIME, it may be that an exacting, moment-by-moment consideration of what happens to that pencil, is demanded. For example, a worker bumps the desk. It is that transfer of energy that alters the table top slightly, and for a moment, insufficient friction exists to counter the pull of gravity, and the pencil begins its inexorable roll toward the edge of the desk and its eventual fall to the floor. Here, it again meets sufficient resistance to its potential to roll, and comes to a standstill. There in its standing state, it remains until another worker, not noticing it, treads on it and the pencil, receiving sufficient energy to offset the floor resistance, rolls under the worker’s foot, bringing the worker to a state of imbalance such that the worker is now a victim of uncontrolled gravitational energy, and falls to the floor, receiving such injury as is meted out by other forces – themselves subject to angles/points of impact/inherent strength/flexibility, etc. etc. [Of course, an obvious question (which I will not answer here) is: “Do we have enough resources to truly identify every actor, every action, every moment?”] The ‘Accident Investigator’s Rhyme’ of “How and Why and Where and When, Who and What and back again…” (do it three times, as boring as that may sound, for accuracy) is an excellent add-in to our ‘Four Ps’ , the considerations for which could include: PEOPLE: Abilities; Age; Authority; Build; Certification; Concerns; Condition; Decision maker; Ears; ESL; Eyes; Faculties; Fatigue; Gender; Nose; Personality; Rank; Strength; Taste; Training; Touch; Who; Etc. PARTS: Buildings; Colour; Contracts; Earth; Equipment; Feel; Flexible; Fluid; Furniture; Goods; Machinery; Maintenance; Procedures; Shelving; Signage; Solid; Substances; Surface; Use; Vehicles; Waste; Etc. POSITION: About; Above; Around; At the rear of; Behind; Below; Beneath; Breadth; Depth; Dimension; Down; Height; In front of; Length; Location; On top; Time; Topography; Under; Up; Etc. POWER: Bend; Biological; Chemical; Cold; Compression; Decay; Environment; Electricity; Energy (kinetic, potential); Fuel; Gas; Gravity; Heat; Legislation; Lighting; Pressure; Radiation; Synergy; Tension; Strain; Stretch; Etc. The above items distil into the various items below, PreWRA: Pre-Work Risk Assessment WPRA: Workplace Risk Assessment WARA: Work Activity Risk Assessment PostWRA: Post-Work Risk Assessment … which further distil into the final step, the SWMS: Safe Work Method Statement.
  • Regardless of where we are in Australia - or the world for that matter – if all we have is a scrap of paper and a pencil ( remember: a short pencil defeats a long memory ), and remember this slide, we are off and away in addressing the demands of our temporal Universe! ‘ Actor+Action+Time=Event’ is a handy place to start. This asks us to consider each ACTOR involved with the event (task/happening/whatever). However, the word is very encompassing. In effect, ‘ACTOR’ – in this context – could be anything you can name in this temporal universe. Whatever the ACTOR is, it will be doing something, even if it is just ‘being’ – as in, say, a pencil on a desk. That pencil is carrying out the ACTION of ‘being’… of existing in time and space… it has potential energies of sorts (it might roll off the desk if gravity gets itself involved; it has stored carbon re potential to burn…)… Now, the fact that (so far as we simpler risk managers are concerned, and ‘black holes’ aside) everything happens in TIME, it may be that an exacting, moment-by-moment consideration of what happens to that pencil, is demanded. For example, a worker bumps the desk. It is that transfer of energy that alters the table top slightly, and for a moment, insufficient friction exists to counter the pull of gravity, and the pencil begins its inexorable roll toward the edge of the desk and its eventual fall to the floor. Here, it again meets sufficient resistance to its potential to roll, and comes to a standstill. There in its standing state, it remains until another worker, not noticing it, treads on it and the pencil, receiving sufficient energy to offset the floor resistance, rolls under the worker’s foot, bringing the worker to a state of imbalance such that the worker is now a victim of uncontrolled gravitational energy, and falls to the floor, receiving such injury as is meted out by other forces – themselves subject to angles/points of impact/inherent strength/flexibility, etc. etc. [Of course, an obvious question (which I will not answer here) is: “Do we have enough resources to truly identify every actor, every action, every moment?”] The ‘Accident Investigator’s Rhyme’ of “How and Why and Where and When, Who and What and back again…” (do it three times, as boring as that may sound, for accuracy) is an excellent add-in to our ‘Four Ps’ , the considerations for which could include: PEOPLE: Abilities; Age; Authority; Build; Certification; Concerns; Condition; Decision maker; Ears; ESL; Eyes; Faculties; Fatigue; Gender; Nose; Personality; Rank; Strength; Taste; Training; Touch; Who; Etc. PARTS: Buildings; Colour; Contracts; Earth; Equipment; Feel; Flexible; Fluid; Furniture; Goods; Machinery; Maintenance; Procedures; Shelving; Signage; Solid; Substances; Surface; Use; Vehicles; Waste; Etc. POSITION: About; Above; Around; At the rear of; Behind; Below; Beneath; Breadth; Depth; Dimension; Down; Height; In front of; Length; Location; On top; Time; Topography; Under; Up; Etc. POWER: Bend; Biological; Chemical; Cold; Compression; Decay; Environment; Electricity; Energy (kinetic, potential); Fuel; Gas; Gravity; Heat; Legislation; Lighting; Pressure; Radiation; Synergy; Tension; Strain; Stretch; Etc. The above items distil into the various items below, PreWRA: Pre-Work Risk Assessment WPRA: Workplace Risk Assessment WARA: Work Activity Risk Assessment PostWRA: Post-Work Risk Assessment … which further distil into the final step, the SWMS: Safe Work Method Statement.
  • Regardless of where we are in Australia - or the world for that matter – if all we have is a scrap of paper and a pencil ( remember: a short pencil defeats a long memory ), and remember this slide, we are off and away in addressing the demands of our temporal Universe! ‘ Actor+Action+Time=Event’ is a handy place to start. This asks us to consider each ACTOR involved with the event (task/happening/whatever). However, the word is very encompassing. In effect, ‘ACTOR’ – in this context – could be anything you can name in this temporal universe. Whatever the ACTOR is, it will be doing something, even if it is just ‘being’ – as in, say, a pencil on a desk. That pencil is carrying out the ACTION of ‘being’… of existing in time and space… it has potential energies of sorts (it might roll off the desk if gravity gets itself involved; it has stored carbon re potential to burn…)… Now, the fact that (so far as we simpler risk managers are concerned, and ‘black holes’ aside) everything happens in TIME, it may be that an exacting, moment-by-moment consideration of what happens to that pencil, is demanded. For example, a worker bumps the desk. It is that transfer of energy that alters the table top slightly, and for a moment, insufficient friction exists to counter the pull of gravity, and the pencil begins its inexorable roll toward the edge of the desk and its eventual fall to the floor. Here, it again meets sufficient resistance to its potential to roll, and comes to a standstill. There in its standing state, it remains until another worker, not noticing it, treads on it and the pencil, receiving sufficient energy to offset the floor resistance, rolls under the worker’s foot, bringing the worker to a state of imbalance such that the worker is now a victim of uncontrolled gravitational energy, and falls to the floor, receiving such injury as is meted out by other forces – themselves subject to angles/points of impact/inherent strength/flexibility, etc. etc. [Of course, an obvious question (which I will not answer here) is: “Do we have enough resources to truly identify every actor, every action, every moment?”] The ‘Accident Investigator’s Rhyme’ of “How and Why and Where and When, Who and What and back again…” (do it three times, as boring as that may sound, for accuracy) is an excellent add-in to our ‘Four Ps’ , the considerations for which could include: PEOPLE: Abilities; Age; Authority; Build; Certification; Concerns; Condition; Decision maker; Ears; ESL; Eyes; Faculties; Fatigue; Gender; Nose; Personality; Rank; Strength; Taste; Training; Touch; Who; Etc. PARTS: Buildings; Colour; Contracts; Earth; Equipment; Feel; Flexible; Fluid; Furniture; Goods; Machinery; Maintenance; Procedures; Shelving; Signage; Solid; Substances; Surface; Use; Vehicles; Waste; Etc. POSITION: About; Above; Around; At the rear of; Behind; Below; Beneath; Breadth; Depth; Dimension; Down; Height; In front of; Length; Location; On top; Time; Topography; Under; Up; Etc. POWER: Bend; Biological; Chemical; Cold; Compression; Decay; Environment; Electricity; Energy (kinetic, potential); Fuel; Gas; Gravity; Heat; Legislation; Lighting; Pressure; Radiation; Synergy; Tension; Strain; Stretch; Etc. The above items distil into the various items below, PreWRA: Pre-Work Risk Assessment WPRA: Workplace Risk Assessment WARA: Work Activity Risk Assessment PostWRA: Post-Work Risk Assessment … which further distil into the final step, the SWMS: Safe Work Method Statement.
  • Regardless of where we are in Australia - or the world for that matter – if all we have is a scrap of paper and a pencil ( remember: a short pencil defeats a long memory ), and remember this slide, we are off and away in addressing the demands of our temporal Universe! ‘ Actor+Action+Time=Event’ is a handy place to start. This asks us to consider each ACTOR involved with the event (task/happening/whatever). However, the word is very encompassing. In effect, ‘ACTOR’ – in this context – could be anything you can name in this temporal universe. Whatever the ACTOR is, it will be doing something, even if it is just ‘being’ – as in, say, a pencil on a desk. That pencil is carrying out the ACTION of ‘being’… of existing in time and space… it has potential energies of sorts (it might roll off the desk if gravity gets itself involved; it has stored carbon re potential to burn…)… Now, the fact that (so far as we simpler risk managers are concerned, and ‘black holes’ aside) everything happens in TIME, it may be that an exacting, moment-by-moment consideration of what happens to that pencil, is demanded. For example, a worker bumps the desk. It is that transfer of energy that alters the table top slightly, and for a moment, insufficient friction exists to counter the pull of gravity, and the pencil begins its inexorable roll toward the edge of the desk and its eventual fall to the floor. Here, it again meets sufficient resistance to its potential to roll, and comes to a standstill. There in its standing state, it remains until another worker, not noticing it, treads on it and the pencil, receiving sufficient energy to offset the floor resistance, rolls under the worker’s foot, bringing the worker to a state of imbalance such that the worker is now a victim of uncontrolled gravitational energy, and falls to the floor, receiving such injury as is meted out by other forces – themselves subject to angles/points of impact/inherent strength/flexibility, etc. etc. [Of course, an obvious question (which I will not answer here) is: “Do we have enough resources to truly identify every actor, every action, every moment?”] The ‘Accident Investigator’s Rhyme’ of “How and Why and Where and When, Who and What and back again…” (do it three times, as boring as that may sound, for accuracy) is an excellent add-in to our ‘Four Ps’ , the considerations for which could include: PEOPLE: Abilities; Age; Authority; Build; Certification; Concerns; Condition; Decision maker; Ears; ESL; Eyes; Faculties; Fatigue; Gender; Nose; Personality; Rank; Strength; Taste; Training; Touch; Who; Etc. PARTS: Buildings; Colour; Contracts; Earth; Equipment; Feel; Flexible; Fluid; Furniture; Goods; Machinery; Maintenance; Procedures; Shelving; Signage; Solid; Substances; Surface; Use; Vehicles; Waste; Etc. POSITION: About; Above; Around; At the rear of; Behind; Below; Beneath; Breadth; Depth; Dimension; Down; Height; In front of; Length; Location; On top; Time; Topography; Under; Up; Etc. POWER: Bend; Biological; Chemical; Cold; Compression; Decay; Environment; Electricity; Energy (kinetic, potential); Fuel; Gas; Gravity; Heat; Legislation; Lighting; Pressure; Radiation; Synergy; Tension; Strain; Stretch; Etc. The above items distil into the various items below, PreWRA: Pre-Work Risk Assessment WPRA: Workplace Risk Assessment WARA: Work Activity Risk Assessment PostWRA: Post-Work Risk Assessment … which further distil into the final step, the SWMS: Safe Work Method Statement.
  • Regardless of where we are in Australia - or the world for that matter – if all we have is a scrap of paper and a pencil ( remember: a short pencil defeats a long memory ), and remember this slide, we are off and away in addressing the demands of our temporal Universe! ‘ Actor+Action+Time=Event’ is a handy place to start. This asks us to consider each ACTOR involved with the event (task/happening/whatever). However, the word is very encompassing. In effect, ‘ACTOR’ – in this context – could be anything you can name in this temporal universe. Whatever the ACTOR is, it will be doing something, even if it is just ‘being’ – as in, say, a pencil on a desk. That pencil is carrying out the ACTION of ‘being’… of existing in time and space… it has potential energies of sorts (it might roll off the desk if gravity gets itself involved; it has stored carbon re potential to burn…)… Now, the fact that (so far as we simpler risk managers are concerned, and ‘black holes’ aside) everything happens in TIME, it may be that an exacting, moment-by-moment consideration of what happens to that pencil, is demanded. For example, a worker bumps the desk. It is that transfer of energy that alters the table top slightly, and for a moment, insufficient friction exists to counter the pull of gravity, and the pencil begins its inexorable roll toward the edge of the desk and its eventual fall to the floor. Here, it again meets sufficient resistance to its potential to roll, and comes to a standstill. There in its standing state, it remains until another worker, not noticing it, treads on it and the pencil, receiving sufficient energy to offset the floor resistance, rolls under the worker’s foot, bringing the worker to a state of imbalance such that the worker is now a victim of uncontrolled gravitational energy, and falls to the floor, receiving such injury as is meted out by other forces – themselves subject to angles/points of impact/inherent strength/flexibility, etc. etc. [Of course, an obvious question (which I will not answer here) is: “Do we have enough resources to truly identify every actor, every action, every moment?”] The ‘Accident Investigator’s Rhyme’ of “How and Why and Where and When, Who and What and back again…” (do it three times, as boring as that may sound, for accuracy) is an excellent add-in to our ‘Four Ps’ , the considerations for which could include: PEOPLE: Abilities; Age; Authority; Build; Certification; Concerns; Condition; Decision maker; Ears; ESL; Eyes; Faculties; Fatigue; Gender; Nose; Personality; Rank; Strength; Taste; Training; Touch; Who; Etc. PARTS: Buildings; Colour; Contracts; Earth; Equipment; Feel; Flexible; Fluid; Furniture; Goods; Machinery; Maintenance; Procedures; Shelving; Signage; Solid; Substances; Surface; Use; Vehicles; Waste; Etc. POSITION: About; Above; Around; At the rear of; Behind; Below; Beneath; Breadth; Depth; Dimension; Down; Height; In front of; Length; Location; On top; Time; Topography; Under; Up; Etc. POWER: Bend; Biological; Chemical; Cold; Compression; Decay; Environment; Electricity; Energy (kinetic, potential); Fuel; Gas; Gravity; Heat; Legislation; Lighting; Pressure; Radiation; Synergy; Tension; Strain; Stretch; Etc. The above items distil into the various items below, PreWRA: Pre-Work Risk Assessment WPRA: Workplace Risk Assessment WARA: Work Activity Risk Assessment PostWRA: Post-Work Risk Assessment … which further distil into the final step, the SWMS: Safe Work Method Statement.
  • Regardless of where we are in Australia - or the world for that matter – if all we have is a scrap of paper and a pencil ( remember: a short pencil defeats a long memory ), and remember this slide, we are off and away in addressing the demands of our temporal Universe! ‘ Actor+Action+Time=Event’ is a handy place to start. This asks us to consider each ACTOR involved with the event (task/happening/whatever). However, the word is very encompassing. In effect, ‘ACTOR’ – in this context – could be anything you can name in this temporal universe. Whatever the ACTOR is, it will be doing something, even if it is just ‘being’ – as in, say, a pencil on a desk. That pencil is carrying out the ACTION of ‘being’… of existing in time and space… it has potential energies of sorts (it might roll off the desk if gravity gets itself involved; it has stored carbon re potential to burn…)… Now, the fact that (so far as we simpler risk managers are concerned, and ‘black holes’ aside) everything happens in TIME, it may be that an exacting, moment-by-moment consideration of what happens to that pencil, is demanded. For example, a worker bumps the desk. It is that transfer of energy that alters the table top slightly, and for a moment, insufficient friction exists to counter the pull of gravity, and the pencil begins its inexorable roll toward the edge of the desk and its eventual fall to the floor. Here, it again meets sufficient resistance to its potential to roll, and comes to a standstill. There in its standing state, it remains until another worker, not noticing it, treads on it and the pencil, receiving sufficient energy to offset the floor resistance, rolls under the worker’s foot, bringing the worker to a state of imbalance such that the worker is now a victim of uncontrolled gravitational energy, and falls to the floor, receiving such injury as is meted out by other forces – themselves subject to angles/points of impact/inherent strength/flexibility, etc. etc. [Of course, an obvious question (which I will not answer here) is: “Do we have enough resources to truly identify every actor, every action, every moment?”] The ‘Accident Investigator’s Rhyme’ of “How and Why and Where and When, Who and What and back again…” (do it three times, as boring as that may sound, for accuracy) is an excellent add-in to our ‘Four Ps’ , the considerations for which could include: PEOPLE: Abilities; Age; Authority; Build; Certification; Concerns; Condition; Decision maker; Ears; ESL; Eyes; Faculties; Fatigue; Gender; Nose; Personality; Rank; Strength; Taste; Training; Touch; Who; Etc. PARTS: Buildings; Colour; Contracts; Earth; Equipment; Feel; Flexible; Fluid; Furniture; Goods; Machinery; Maintenance; Procedures; Shelving; Signage; Solid; Substances; Surface; Use; Vehicles; Waste; Etc. POSITION: About; Above; Around; At the rear of; Behind; Below; Beneath; Breadth; Depth; Dimension; Down; Height; In front of; Length; Location; On top; Time; Topography; Under; Up; Etc. POWER: Bend; Biological; Chemical; Cold; Compression; Decay; Environment; Electricity; Energy (kinetic, potential); Fuel; Gas; Gravity; Heat; Legislation; Lighting; Pressure; Radiation; Synergy; Tension; Strain; Stretch; Etc. The above items distil into the various items below, PreWRA: Pre-Work Risk Assessment WPRA: Workplace Risk Assessment WARA: Work Activity Risk Assessment PostWRA: Post-Work Risk Assessment … which further distil into the final step, the SWMS: Safe Work Method Statement.
  • Regardless of where we are in Australia - or the world for that matter – if all we have is a scrap of paper and a pencil ( remember: a short pencil defeats a long memory ), and remember this slide, we are off and away in addressing the demands of our temporal Universe! ‘ Actor+Action+Time=Event’ is a handy place to start. This asks us to consider each ACTOR involved with the event (task/happening/whatever). However, the word is very encompassing. In effect, ‘ACTOR’ – in this context – could be anything you can name in this temporal universe. Whatever the ACTOR is, it will be doing something, even if it is just ‘being’ – as in, say, a pencil on a desk. That pencil is carrying out the ACTION of ‘being’… of existing in time and space… it has potential energies of sorts (it might roll off the desk if gravity gets itself involved; it has stored carbon re potential to burn…)… Now, the fact that (so far as we simpler risk managers are concerned, and ‘black holes’ aside) everything happens in TIME, it may be that an exacting, moment-by-moment consideration of what happens to that pencil, is demanded. For example, a worker bumps the desk. It is that transfer of energy that alters the table top slightly, and for a moment, insufficient friction exists to counter the pull of gravity, and the pencil begins its inexorable roll toward the edge of the desk and its eventual fall to the floor. Here, it again meets sufficient resistance to its potential to roll, and comes to a standstill. There in its standing state, it remains until another worker, not noticing it, treads on it and the pencil, receiving sufficient energy to offset the floor resistance, rolls under the worker’s foot, bringing the worker to a state of imbalance such that the worker is now a victim of uncontrolled gravitational energy, and falls to the floor, receiving such injury as is meted out by other forces – themselves subject to angles/points of impact/inherent strength/flexibility, etc. etc. [Of course, an obvious question (which I will not answer here) is: “Do we have enough resources to truly identify every actor, every action, every moment?”] The ‘Accident Investigator’s Rhyme’ of “How and Why and Where and When, Who and What and back again…” (do it three times, as boring as that may sound, for accuracy) is an excellent add-in to our ‘Four Ps’ , the considerations for which could include: PEOPLE: Abilities; Age; Authority; Build; Certification; Concerns; Condition; Decision maker; Ears; ESL; Eyes; Faculties; Fatigue; Gender; Nose; Personality; Rank; Strength; Taste; Training; Touch; Who; Etc. PARTS: Buildings; Colour; Contracts; Earth; Equipment; Feel; Flexible; Fluid; Furniture; Goods; Machinery; Maintenance; Procedures; Shelving; Signage; Solid; Substances; Surface; Use; Vehicles; Waste; Etc. POSITION: About; Above; Around; At the rear of; Behind; Below; Beneath; Breadth; Depth; Dimension; Down; Height; In front of; Length; Location; On top; Time; Topography; Under; Up; Etc. POWER: Bend; Biological; Chemical; Cold; Compression; Decay; Environment; Electricity; Energy (kinetic, potential); Fuel; Gas; Gravity; Heat; Legislation; Lighting; Pressure; Radiation; Synergy; Tension; Strain; Stretch; Etc. The above items distil into the various items below, PreWRA: Pre-Work Risk Assessment WPRA: Workplace Risk Assessment WARA: Work Activity Risk Assessment PostWRA: Post-Work Risk Assessment … which further distil into the final step, the SWMS: Safe Work Method Statement.
  • Regardless of where we are in Australia - or the world for that matter – if all we have is a scrap of paper and a pencil ( remember: a short pencil defeats a long memory ), and remember this slide, we are off and away in addressing the demands of our temporal Universe! ‘ Actor+Action+Time=Event’ is a handy place to start. This asks us to consider each ACTOR involved with the event (task/happening/whatever). However, the word is very encompassing. In effect, ‘ACTOR’ – in this context – could be anything you can name in this temporal universe. Whatever the ACTOR is, it will be doing something, even if it is just ‘being’ – as in, say, a pencil on a desk. That pencil is carrying out the ACTION of ‘being’… of existing in time and space… it has potential energies of sorts (it might roll off the desk if gravity gets itself involved; it has stored carbon re potential to burn…)… Now, the fact that (so far as we simpler risk managers are concerned, and ‘black holes’ aside) everything happens in TIME, it may be that an exacting, moment-by-moment consideration of what happens to that pencil, is demanded. For example, a worker bumps the desk. It is that transfer of energy that alters the table top slightly, and for a moment, insufficient friction exists to counter the pull of gravity, and the pencil begins its inexorable roll toward the edge of the desk and its eventual fall to the floor. Here, it again meets sufficient resistance to its potential to roll, and comes to a standstill. There in its standing state, it remains until another worker, not noticing it, treads on it and the pencil, receiving sufficient energy to offset the floor resistance, rolls under the worker’s foot, bringing the worker to a state of imbalance such that the worker is now a victim of uncontrolled gravitational energy, and falls to the floor, receiving such injury as is meted out by other forces – themselves subject to angles/points of impact/inherent strength/flexibility, etc. etc. [Of course, an obvious question (which I will not answer here) is: “Do we have enough resources to truly identify every actor, every action, every moment?”] The ‘Accident Investigator’s Rhyme’ of “How and Why and Where and When, Who and What and back again…” (do it three times, as boring as that may sound, for accuracy) is an excellent add-in to our ‘Four Ps’ , the considerations for which could include: PEOPLE: Abilities; Age; Authority; Build; Certification; Concerns; Condition; Decision maker; Ears; ESL; Eyes; Faculties; Fatigue; Gender; Nose; Personality; Rank; Strength; Taste; Training; Touch; Who; Etc. PARTS: Buildings; Colour; Contracts; Earth; Equipment; Feel; Flexible; Fluid; Furniture; Goods; Machinery; Maintenance; Procedures; Shelving; Signage; Solid; Substances; Surface; Use; Vehicles; Waste; Etc. POSITION: About; Above; Around; At the rear of; Behind; Below; Beneath; Breadth; Depth; Dimension; Down; Height; In front of; Length; Location; On top; Time; Topography; Under; Up; Etc. POWER: Bend; Biological; Chemical; Cold; Compression; Decay; Environment; Electricity; Energy (kinetic, potential); Fuel; Gas; Gravity; Heat; Legislation; Lighting; Pressure; Radiation; Synergy; Tension; Strain; Stretch; Etc. The above items distil into the various items below, PreWRA: Pre-Work Risk Assessment WPRA: Workplace Risk Assessment WARA: Work Activity Risk Assessment PostWRA: Post-Work Risk Assessment … which further distil into the final step, the SWMS: Safe Work Method Statement.
  • Tempus edax rerum… Time devours all…
  • ASSESS the risk associated with a hazard by considering three general aspects: the likelihood of the hazard becoming uncontrolled; the degree of injury/illness/damage should it become uncontrolled; the exposure to the hazard including such things as frequency of interaction with the hazard, types of personnel (children/aged/public etc.).
  • Basically, the three general methods to consider, in an absolute order, are: Eliminate the hazard if at all possible; If not possible to eliminate the hazard, then control the risk associated with it by firstly trying to establish a control that is engineered so that the hazard and/or the associated systems are safe for those who may have to work with the hazard. If an engineering control is not available, then the method of risk control will have to depend on the people consciously considering the tools/systems they need to participate in to be safe around the hazard. This triangle can be expanded into the ‘Hierarchy of Hazard Control.’ (See next slide.)
  • At first, this looks over-the-top’: what a dumb thing! However, with second thought: given the limited resource for this worker, this is the very thing we would like: a worker, who with total regard for his safety, applies as much skill to his protection as possible, given the circumstances…
  • At first, this looks over-the-top’: what a dumb thing! However, with second thought: given the limited resource for this worker, this is the very thing we would like: a worker, who with total regard for his safety, applies as much skill to his protection as possible, given the circumstances…
  • At first, this looks over-the-top’: what a dumb thing! However, with second thought: given the limited resource for this worker, this is the very thing we would like: a worker, who with total regard for his safety, applies as much skill to his protection as possible, given the circumstances…
  • CONTROL of the hazard is what our safety programme is all about. Ideally, we should ELIMINATE the need for the hazard altogether, but if we can't, we might be able to SUBSTITUTE a safer hazard instead, and so on down the hierarchy. Sometimes, a combination of the steps will apply. EG Personal Protective Equipment (step 5) might still be worn in step 2 (Substitute), and so on. Steps and examples in the Hierarchy of Hazard Control are: 1 ELIMINATE - Can the hazard be left out of the equation altogether? In the planning stage, ask if there is any need to use or have the hazard around. An example might be (say) a vacuum cleaner that is going to be used in a high-traffic area. You know the electric lead to it is going to create a trip hazard, so the need for a lead is eliminated by using a battery powered cleaner. 2 SUBSTITUTE - There is a need to paint some stage materials, and the plan has been to use some epoxy paint that happens to emit toxic fumes. Is there a water-based, less-toxic paint available that will do the job? 3 ISOLATE/VENTILATE - Perhaps a noisy drive motor for some gadget or other is able to be isolated by being placed in a less-frequented part of the building, or a sound-proofed cage built around it. Unpleasant smells, contaminated or stale air might be ventilated from an area by use of an exhaust fan. 4 MITIGATE - If there are no other options, perhaps the only way around the problem is to rotate staff who have to work with the hazard, ensuring they are only in contact with the hazard for limited amounts of time. EG Keyboard entry; exposure to heat and cold, and so on. Training also falls into this area of hazard control, and includes appropriate methods of operating plant or 'how to install…' and so on. 5 PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE) - PPE is always the 'last resort' of control. Don't forget, this usually means there is nothing between the hazard and ourselves other than a layer of protective clothing or a mask or glasses. If this layer breaks down, then there is nothing between ourselves and the hazardous situation. EG Protective gloves to handle chemical cleaning agent.   Note that steps 1,2 and 3 above are ENGINEERING CONTROLS and generally remove the opportunity of human failings to step into a hazardous situation. (EG a machine guard will protect the smartest and the dumbest persons. The old miners' saying, "You are only as safe as the stupidest man in the mine..." may well be recalled here.) Steps 5 and 6 are ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROLS and can breakdown when weaknesses in human behaviour occur. (EG I might forget to take a break from a particularly debilitating task, or from a proximity to a hazardous substance; I might forget to put on a piece of essential personal protective equipment.)
  • This is a statue representing one of Homer the Greek’s Sea-Sirens. Some of you would recall the story of King Odysseus (or Ulysses as the Romans called him) who has been cursed to spend a number of years sailing back to his wife Penelope after the wars at Troy. One of the dangers he discovers along the way is the Island of the Sea Sirens who are said to sing such a wonderful song that no ship can pass by without it being run aground.
  • This is a statue representing a ‘sea-siren’ - one of the hazards identified by Homer-the- Greek’s epic tales of the battle of Troy and King Odysseus ( The Iliad , and The Odyssey ). After the Trojan wars, King Odysseus (or Ulysses as the Romans called him) was cursed to spend a number of years sailing back to his home of Ithaca, and his wife Penelope. One of the dangers he is warned of along the way is the Island of the Sea Sirens. The sirens are purported to sing such a wonderful song, no ship can pass by without it being run aground. King Odysseus is a bit of a voyeur who wishes to experience all that life has to offer, including the singing of the sirens. As Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the enterprise, he has every right to direct the day-to-day functioning of the enterprise, but must also accept the responsibility of any CEO: the irrevocable duty-of-care to all the stakeholders in the enterprise. King Odysseus rises to the occasion, and ensures the SSHE of all, by applying some of the techniques from what we now call the ‘ hierarchy of hazard control ’… He quite aptly applies three of the tools from the hierarchy: Isolate (an engineering control – from higher in the hierarchy) ; Mitigate and Personal Protective Equipment (both forms of administrative control – from lower in the hierarchy, but effective none-the-less) . ISOLATE (AN ENGINEERING CONTROL – FROM HIGHER IN THE HIERARCHY) ; MITIGATE AND PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (BOTH FORMS OF ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL – FROM LOWER IN THE HIERARCHY, BUT EFFECTIVE NONE-THE-LESS) .
  • This is a statue representing a ‘sea-siren’ - one of the hazards identified by Homer-the- Greek’s epic tales of the battle of Troy and King Odysseus ( The Iliad , and The Odyssey ). After the Trojan wars, King Odysseus (or Ulysses as the Romans called him) was cursed to spend a number of years sailing back to his home of Ithaca, and his wife Penelope. One of the dangers he is warned of along the way is the Island of the Sea Sirens. The sirens are purported to sing such a wonderful song, no ship can pass by without it being run aground. King Odysseus is a bit of a voyeur who wishes to experience all that life has to offer, including the singing of the sirens. As Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the enterprise, he has every right to direct the day-to-day functioning of the enterprise, but must also accept the responsibility of any CEO: the irrevocable duty-of-care to all the stakeholders in the enterprise. King Odysseus rises to the occasion, and ensures the SSHE of all, by applying some of the techniques from what we now call the ‘ hierarchy of hazard control ’… He quite aptly applies three of the tools from the hierarchy: Isolate (an engineering control – from higher in the hierarchy) ; Mitigate and Personal Protective Equipment (both forms of administrative control – from lower in the hierarchy, but effective none-the-less) .
  • This is a statue representing a ‘sea-siren’ - one of the hazards identified by Homer-the- Greek’s epic tales of the battle of Troy and King Odysseus ( The Iliad , and The Odyssey ). After the Trojan wars, King Odysseus (or Ulysses as the Romans called him) was cursed to spend a number of years sailing back to his home of Ithaca, and his wife Penelope. One of the dangers he is warned of along the way is the Island of the Sea Sirens. The sirens are purported to sing such a wonderful song, no ship can pass by without it being run aground. King Odysseus is a bit of a voyeur who wishes to experience all that life has to offer, including the singing of the sirens. As Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the enterprise, he has every right to direct the day-to-day functioning of the enterprise, but must also accept the responsibility of any CEO: the irrevocable duty-of-care to all the stakeholders in the enterprise. King Odysseus rises to the occasion, and ensures the SSHE of all, by applying some of the techniques from what we now call the ‘ hierarchy of hazard control ’… He quite aptly applies three of the tools from the hierarchy: Isolate (an engineering control – from higher in the hierarchy) ; Mitigate and Personal Protective Equipment (both forms of administrative control – from lower in the hierarchy, but effective none-the-less) .
  • This is a statue representing a ‘sea-siren’ - one of the hazards identified by Homer-the- Greek’s epic tales of the battle of Troy and King Odysseus ( The Iliad , and The Odyssey ). After the Trojan wars, King Odysseus (or Ulysses as the Romans called him) was cursed to spend a number of years sailing back to his home of Ithaca, and his wife Penelope. One of the dangers he is warned of along the way is the Island of the Sea Sirens. The sirens are purported to sing such a wonderful song, no ship can pass by without it being run aground. King Odysseus is a bit of a voyeur who wishes to experience all that life has to offer, including the singing of the sirens. As Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the enterprise, he has every right to direct the day-to-day functioning of the enterprise, but must also accept the responsibility of any CEO: the irrevocable duty-of-care to all the stakeholders in the enterprise. King Odysseus rises to the occasion, and ensures the SSHE of all, by applying some of the techniques from what we now call the ‘ hierarchy of hazard control ’… He quite aptly applies three of the tools from the hierarchy: Isolate (an engineering control – from higher in the hierarchy) ; Mitigate and Personal Protective Equipment (both forms of administrative control – from lower in the hierarchy, but effective none-the-less) .
  • This is a statue representing a ‘sea-siren’ - one of the hazards identified by Homer-the- Greek’s epic tales of the battle of Troy and King Odysseus ( The Iliad , and The Odyssey ). After the Trojan wars, King Odysseus (or Ulysses as the Romans called him) was cursed to spend a number of years sailing back to his home of Ithaca, and his wife Penelope. One of the dangers he is warned of along the way is the Island of the Sea Sirens. The sirens are purported to sing such a wonderful song, no ship can pass by without it being run aground. King Odysseus is a bit of a voyeur who wishes to experience all that life has to offer, including the singing of the sirens. As Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the enterprise, he has every right to direct the day-to-day functioning of the enterprise, but must also accept the responsibility of any CEO: the irrevocable duty-of-care to all the stakeholders in the enterprise. King Odysseus rises to the occasion, and ensures the SSHE of all, by applying some of the techniques from what we now call the ‘ hierarchy of hazard control ’… He quite aptly applies three of the tools from the hierarchy: Isolate (an engineering control – from higher in the hierarchy) ; Mitigate and Personal Protective Equipment (both forms of administrative control – from lower in the hierarchy, but effective none-the-less) .
  • This is a statue representing a ‘sea-siren’ - one of the hazards identified by Homer-the- Greek’s epic tales of the battle of Troy and King Odysseus ( The Iliad , and The Odyssey ). After the Trojan wars, King Odysseus (or Ulysses as the Romans called him) was cursed to spend a number of years sailing back to his home of Ithaca, and his wife Penelope. One of the dangers he is warned of along the way is the Island of the Sea Sirens. The sirens are purported to sing such a wonderful song, no ship can pass by without it being run aground. King Odysseus is a bit of a voyeur who wishes to experience all that life has to offer, including the singing of the sirens. As Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the enterprise, he has every right to direct the day-to-day functioning of the enterprise, but must also accept the responsibility of any CEO: the irrevocable duty-of-care to all the stakeholders in the enterprise. King Odysseus rises to the occasion, and ensures the SSHE of all, by applying some of the techniques from what we now call the ‘ hierarchy of hazard control ’… He quite aptly applies three of the tools from the hierarchy: Isolate (an engineering control – from higher in the hierarchy) ; Mitigate and Personal Protective Equipment (both forms of administrative control – from lower in the hierarchy, but effective none-the-less) .
  • This is a statue representing a ‘sea-siren’ - one of the hazards identified by Homer-the- Greek’s epic tales of the battle of Troy and King Odysseus ( The Iliad , and The Odyssey ). After the Trojan wars, King Odysseus (or Ulysses as the Romans called him) was cursed to spend a number of years sailing back to his home of Ithaca, and his wife Penelope. One of the dangers he is warned of along the way is the Island of the Sea Sirens. The sirens are purported to sing such a wonderful song, no ship can pass by without it being run aground. King Odysseus is a bit of a voyeur who wishes to experience all that life has to offer, including the singing of the sirens. As Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the enterprise, he has every right to direct the day-to-day functioning of the enterprise, but must also accept the responsibility of any CEO: the irrevocable duty-of-care to all the stakeholders in the enterprise. King Odysseus rises to the occasion, and ensures the SSHE of all, by applying some of the techniques from what we now call the ‘ hierarchy of hazard control ’… He quite aptly applies three of the tools from the hierarchy: Isolate (an engineering control – from higher in the hierarchy) ; Mitigate and Personal Protective Equipment (both forms of administrative control – from lower in the hierarchy, but effective none-the-less) .
  • This is a statue representing a ‘sea-siren’ - one of the hazards identified by Homer-the- Greek’s epic tales of the battle of Troy and King Odysseus ( The Iliad , and The Odyssey ). After the Trojan wars, King Odysseus (or Ulysses as the Romans called him) was cursed to spend a number of years sailing back to his home of Ithaca, and his wife Penelope. One of the dangers he is warned of along the way is the Island of the Sea Sirens. The sirens are purported to sing such a wonderful song, no ship can pass by without it being run aground. King Odysseus is a bit of a voyeur who wishes to experience all that life has to offer, including the singing of the sirens. As Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the enterprise, he has every right to direct the day-to-day functioning of the enterprise, but must also accept the responsibility of any CEO: the irrevocable duty-of-care to all the stakeholders in the enterprise. King Odysseus rises to the occasion, and ensures the SSHE of all, by applying some of the techniques from what we now call the ‘ hierarchy of hazard control ’… He quite aptly applies three of the tools from the hierarchy: Isolate (an engineering control – from higher in the hierarchy) ; Mitigate and Personal Protective Equipment (both forms of administrative control – from lower in the hierarchy, but effective none-the-less) .
  • KO quite aptly applies three of the tools from the hierarchy of hazard control: Isolate; Mitigate and PPE. Firstly, he communicates with his crew and makes sure they understand the strategies he will apply; They are to fill their ears with wax, an application of PPE; They are to lash him to the main mast, an application of Isolation from the hazard, and finally, If he looks like getting away, he instructs the crew they are to lash him even tighter, a form of Mitigation. So… the vessel and its crew get past the Island safely. KO enjoys the little singalong, and they continue on their merry way. Of course, KO loses everything later, but that’s another tale…
  • SAFETY slides

    1. 1. safemeasure.com.au To paraphrase Mark Twain... “SEPTEMBER! This is a particularly dangerous month. The others are March, July, May, January, February, November, October, June, August, December & April.”
    2. 2. SafeMeasure Balancing the odds in workplace safety NOT using us might be a health hazard! DANGER!!! www.safemeasure.com.au
    3. 3. safemeasure.com.au OHSssssssss… Occupational Health & Safety starts with…
    4. 4. !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! OOOHHH!!!
    5. 5. !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Imagine, if you will, a swirling flame that may have eventuated with a strike of lightning on dry wood…
    6. 6. !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! … the awakening of sentient curiosity.. the reaching out of the human hand… the ‘Oooowwww’ in reaction to the heat…
    7. 7. safemeasure.com.au OOOOOOOOOHHHHHHH!!! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! … OUR FIRST ENCOUNTER WITH OUR FIRST TOOL???
    8. 8. safemeasure.com.au When do we notice safety the most? WHEN SOMETHING GOES WRONG! REACTION…
    9. 9. safemeasure.com.au “Reasoning becomes a necessity when reality is amiss” PREM RAWAT 2005 Balancing the odds…
    10. 10. safemeasure.com.au High risk! Low taste! Dionysius I of Syracuse & Damocles (4th c. BCE) “THE SWORD OF DAMOCLES”
    11. 11. safemeasure.com.au Damocles reconsiders being ruler-for-the-day… Bridge that deadliest of all Chasms – IGNORANCE ! Identify your hazards… or suffer the consequences! Has insurance been invented yet? Sharpness of blade? Oh, well… look on the bright side… at least my undies are clean… Which way is down? @#$%^!!! I KNEW there’d be a catch!!! Am I faster than gravity? Strength of horse hair? How strong is my tunic? Dang! Is THAT the time already?
    12. 12. safemeasure.com.au A simple sword that might be over YOUR head… N Where the @#$%^&* are we??!
    13. 13. safemeasure.com.au So… how’s your safety programme?
    14. 14. safemeasure.com.au Energy… “Every system is in a state of decay without an input of energy”
    15. 15. safemeasure.com.au Energy… “No injury, illness, nor damage can occur without an exchange of
    16. 16. safemeasure.com.au Energy… “The greater the contained energy, the greater the potential for
    17. 17. safemeasure.com.au Safety? It’s not rocket science! • So… What energies exist? • How are they controlled now? • How can those controls fail? • How can I prevent that failure? • What will happen in a failure? • What contingencies might I need?
    18. 18. safemeasure.com.au First steps to learning…
    19. 19. safemeasure.com.au “She’ll be right mate…” • The 2 faces of safety: “What if…” vs. “If only…” • Safe workplaces do not just happen… someone works to make them safe...
    20. 20. safemeasure.com.au “I’ve got ATTITUDE!!!” • Change from • “It CAN’T happen here!” to • “It CAN happen here” or else • “It WILL happen
    21. 21. safemeasure.com.au SAFETY HEALTH WELFARE WORKER Protection... Removing any side will affect the worker & the enterprise...
    22. 22. safemeasure.com.au SAFETY… THE ABILITY TO TAKE MY NEXT BREATH IN THE MOST BEAUTIFUL & COMFORTABLE WAY POSSIBLE…
    23. 23. safemeasure.com.au Civilisation I The Law: (The greatest invention of civilisation…) Empowers ALL parties to recognise what is acceptable & what is unacceptable in society
    24. 24. safemeasure.com.au Civilisation II The Law: Defines what is ‘in-bounds’ & what is ‘out-of-bounds’
    25. 25. safemeasure.com.au Playing the Game... IN A GAME OF SPORT, THERE ARE RULES SPECIFIC TO THAT SPORT…
    26. 26. safemeasure.com.au Playing the Game... …THERE ARE THE ‘RULES OF PLAY’… REPRESENTING THE LAW OF THE GAME…
    27. 27. safemeasure.com.au Playing the Game... … AND, WITH A PLAYING FIELD, CLEAR, UNAMBIGUOUS BOUNDARIES…
    28. 28. safemeasure.com.au Playing the Game... O.K… HERE WE ARE… PLAYING FOOTBALL, & THE BALL IS “IN”
    29. 29. safemeasure.com.au Playing the Game... NOW… THE BALL IS “OUT”
    30. 30. safemeasure.com.au Playing the Game... …THE BALL IS BACK “IN”…
    31. 31. safemeasure.com.au Playing the Game... & HERE IT IS… “OUT” AGAIN…
    32. 32. safemeasure.com.au Playing the Game... … & HERE IT IS “IN”…
    33. 33. safemeasure.com.au Playing the Game... … & HERE IT IS “IN”… NO! HERE, THE BALL IS “OUT”!
    34. 34. safemeasure.com.au Playing the Game... … & HERE IT IS “IN”… NO! HERE, THE BALL IS “OUT”! NO! THE BALL IS STILL “IN”!!!
    35. 35. safemeasure.com.au Playing the Game... … & HERE IT IS “IN”… NO! HERE, THE BALL IS “OUT”! NO! THE BALL IS STILL “IN”!!! OUT!!!
    36. 36. safemeasure.com.au Playing the Game... … & HERE IT IS “IN”… NO! HERE, THE BALL IS “OUT”! NO! THE BALL IS STILL “IN”!!! OUT!!!IN!!!
    37. 37. safemeasure.com.au Playing the Game... … & HERE IT IS “IN”… NO! HERE, THE BALL IS “OUT”! NO! THE BALL IS STILL “IN”!!! OUT!!!IN!!! OUT!!!
    38. 38. safemeasure.com.au Playing the Game... … & HERE IT IS “IN”… NO! HERE, THE BALL IS “OUT”! NO! THE BALL IS STILL “IN”!!! OUT!!!IN!!! OUT!!!IN!!!
    39. 39. safemeasure.com.au Playing the Game... … & HERE IT IS “IN”… NO! HERE, THE BALL IS “OUT”! NO! THE BALL IS STILL “IN”!!! OUT!!!IN!!! OUT!!!
    40. 40. safemeasure.com.au Playing the Game... … & HERE IT IS “IN”… NO! HERE, THE BALL IS “OUT”! NO! THE BALL IS STILL “IN”!!! OUT!!!IN!!! OUT!!!IN!!! !!!!
    41. 41. safemeasure.com.au Playing the Game... … & HERE IT IS “IN”… NO! HERE, THE BALL IS “OUT”! NO! THE BALL IS STILL “IN”!!! OUT!!!IN!!! OUT!!!IN!!! !!!! WAIT-UP! IN REAL FOOTBALL – SOCCER - IT’S “IN”… IN LEAGUE IT’S “OUT”…
    42. 42. safemeasure.com.au Playing the Game... THE BALL IS “IN” NO! THE BALL IS “OUT” NO! THE BALL IS “IN” WAIT-UP! SOCCER IT’S “IN”… LEAGUE IT’S “OUT”.. SO WHAT GAME ARE WE PLAYING??? WHAT ARE THE RULES???
    43. 43. safemeasure.com.au Playing the Game... Whatever the game, it is usually the referee or umpire who makes the final call… What about a court of law???
    44. 44. safemeasure.com.au Here’s the courtroom & the laws...
    45. 45. safemeasure.com.au Here come de Judge...
    46. 46. safemeasure.com.au Here come de Players...
    47. 47. safemeasure.com.au Here come de Players... …LET THE GAME BEGIN…
    48. 48. safemeasure.com.au Playing the Game... SO: NO DIFFERENCE!!! JUDGE ENSURES POINTS OF LAW ARE FOLLOWED & RULES OBEYED…
    49. 49. safemeasure.com.au Some civil rules… Babylon… 3800 years ago… King Hammurabi… G’DAY MATE… (Stone is still in The Louvre)
    50. 50. safemeasure.com.au Hammurabic Code… 229… 229. If a builder build a house for some one, and does not construct it properly, and the house which he built fall in and kill its owner, then that builder shall be put to death.
    51. 51. safemeasure.com.au Hammurabic Code… 230… 230. If it kill the son of the owner the son of that builder shall be put to death.
    52. 52. safemeasure.com.au Hammurabic Code… 231… 231. If it kill a slave of the owner, then he shall pay slave for slave to the owner of the house.
    53. 53. safemeasure.com.au Hammurabic Code… 232… 232. If it ruin goods, he shall make compensation for all that has been ruined, and inasmuch as he did not construct properly this house which he built and it fell, he shall re-erect the house from his own means.
    54. 54. safemeasure.com.au Hammurabic Code… SO… DID ALL THE BUILDERS IN BABYLON PACK- UP & LEAVE???
    55. 55. safemeasure.com.au Hammurabic Code… IF SO, WHO BUILT THE HANGING GARDENS???
    56. 56. safemeasure.com.au Hammurabic Code… MAYBE THAT’S WHAT FOREIGN LABOUR IS ALL ABOUT???
    57. 57. safemeasure.com.au Hammurabic Code… !!!!
    58. 58. safemeasure.com.au QUO VADIS? “Would you tell me which way I ought to go from here?” “That depends a good deal on where you want to get to,” said the Cat. “I don't much care where,” said Alice. “Then it doesn't matter which way you go.” said the Cat. Lewis Carroll "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland"
    59. 59. SafeMeasure Balancing the odds in workplace safety NOT using us might be a health hazard! DANGER!!! www.safemeasure.com.au
    60. 60. safemeasure.com.au Cut the loss! Impress the Boss... RISK % OPERATOR’S AWARENESS FOR PERSONAL SAFETY % $ 0 100 50 50 100 “Every man for himself!” “One hand for the man,& one for the ship!”
    61. 61. safemeasure.com.au Cut the loss! Impress the Boss... RISK % OPERATOR’S AWARENESS FOR PERSONAL SAFETY % $ 0 100 50 50 100 “Every man for himself!” “One hand for the man,& one for the ship!” The more thought an Operator has to put into their own safety…
    62. 62. safemeasure.com.au Cut the loss! Impress the Boss... RISK % OPERATOR’S AWARENESS FOR PERSONAL SAFETY % $ 0 100 50 50 100 “Every man for himself!” “One hand for the man,& one for the ship!” … that is, the higher the RISK…
    63. 63. safemeasure.com.au Cut the loss! Impress the Boss... RISK % OPERATOR’S AWARENESS FOR PERSONAL SAFETY % $ 0 100 50 50 100 “Every man for himself!” “One hand for the man,& one for the ship!” … the LESS thought an operator will put into the Boss’ processes…
    64. 64. safemeasure.com.au Cut the loss! Impress the Boss... RISK % OPERATOR’S AWARENESS FOR PERSONAL SAFETY % $ 0 100 50 50 100 “Every man for himself!” “One hand for the man,& one for the ship!” The lower the risk, the more thought an operator can put into the Boss’ processes…
    65. 65. safemeasure.com.au Cut the loss! Impress the Boss... RISK % OPERATOR’S AWARENESS FOR PERSONAL SAFETY % 0 100 50 50 100 “Every man for himself!” “One hand for the man,& one for the ship!” $
    66. 66. safemeasure.com.au Cut the loss! Impress the Boss... RISK % OPERATOR’S AWARENESS FOR PERSONAL SAFETY % $ 0 100 50 50 100 “Every man for himself!” “One hand for the man,& one for the ship!” REDUCE RISK & GET REAL VALUE FROM STAFF!!!
    67. 67. safemeasure.com.au ASSESS IDENTIFY CONTROL HAZARDS Manage your hazards…
    68. 68. safemeasure.com.au CONSIDER… How & Why & Where & When... Who & What and back again (x3) PEOPLE + PARTS + POSITION + POWER PreWRA + WPRA + WARA + PostWRA Safe Work Method Statement + ACTOR + ACTION + TIME = EVENT
    69. 69. safemeasure.com.au CONSIDER… How & Why & Where & When... Who & What and back again (x3) PEOPLE + PARTS + POSITION + POWER PreWRA + WPRA + WARA + PostWRA Safe Work Method Statement + ACTOR + ACTION + TIME = EVENT PRE-WORK RISK ASSESSMENT
    70. 70. safemeasure.com.au CONSIDER… How & Why & Where & When... Who & What and back again (x3) PEOPLE + PARTS + POSITION + POWER PreWRA + WPRA + WARA + PostWRA Safe Work Method Statement + ACTOR + ACTION + TIME = EVENT WORKPLACE RISK ASSESSMENT
    71. 71. safemeasure.com.au CONSIDER… How & Why & Where & When... Who & What and back again (x3) PEOPLE + PARTS + POSITION + POWER PreWRA + WPRA + WARA + PostWRA Safe Work Method Statement + ACTOR + ACTION + TIME = EVENT WORK ACTIVITY RISK ASSESSMENT
    72. 72. safemeasure.com.au CONSIDER… How & Why & Where & When... Who & What and back again (x3) PEOPLE + PARTS + POSITION + POWER PreWRA + WPRA + WARA + PostWRA Safe Work Method Statement + ACTOR + ACTION + TIME = EVENT POST-WORK RISK ASSESSMENT
    73. 73. safemeasure.com.au CONSIDER… How & Why & Where & When... Who & What and back again (x3) PEOPLE + PARTS + POSITION + POWER PreWRA + WPRA + WARA + PostWRA Safe Work Method Statement + ACTOR + ACTION + TIME = EVENT SWMS – THE SAFETY RECIPE!!!
    74. 74. safemeasure.com.au CONSIDER… How & Why & Where & When... Who & What and back again (x3) PEOPLE + PARTS + POSITION + POWER PreWRA + WPRA + WARA + PostWRA Safe Work Method Statement + ACTOR + ACTION + TIME = EVENT ONLY 2 THINGS WILL CAUSE HARM OR DAMAGE TO ANYONE FOLLOWING A SWMS: FIRSTLY IGNORANCE!!!
    75. 75. safemeasure.com.au CONSIDER… How & Why & Where & When... Who & What and back again (x3) PEOPLE + PARTS + POSITION + POWER PreWRA + WPRA + WARA + PostWRA Safe Work Method Statement + ACTOR + ACTION + TIME = EVENT ‘IGNORANCE’ MAY BE THE STAKEHOLDER’S OWN IGNORANCE OR SOMEONE ELSE’S…
    76. 76. safemeasure.com.au CONSIDER… How & Why & Where & When... Who & What and back again (x3) PEOPLE + PARTS + POSITION + POWER PreWRA + WPRA + WARA + PostWRA Safe Work Method Statement + ACTOR + ACTION + TIME = EVENT ‘IGNORANCE’ MAY BE THE STAKEHOLDER’S OWN IGNORANCE OR SOMEONE ELSE’S… YOU ARE ONLY AS SAFE AS THE STUPIDEST PERSON IN THE MINE!!!
    77. 77. safemeasure.com.au CONSIDER… How & Why & Where & When... Who & What and back again (x3) PEOPLE + PARTS + POSITION + POWER PreWRA + WPRA + WARA + PostWRA Safe Work Method Statement + ACTOR + ACTION + TIME = EVENT THE SECOND POSSIBILITY OF HARM OR DAMAGE TO ANYONE FOLLOWING A SWMS IS THE ‘ACT OF NATURE’
    78. 78. safemeasure.com.au CONSIDER… How & Why & Where & When... Who & What and back again (x3) PEOPLE + PARTS + POSITION + POWER PreWRA + WPRA + WARA + PostWRA Safe Work Method Statement + ACTOR + ACTION + TIME = EVENT THE SECOND POSSIBILITY OF HARM OR DAMAGE TO ANYONE FOLLOWING A SWMS IS THE ‘ACT OF NATURE’ CONSIDER CONTINGENCY PLANNING!!!
    79. 79. safemeasure.com.au Critical Path Analysis ACTOR + ACTION + TIME = EVENT Any ‘event’ needs the three essentials
    80. 80. safemeasure.com.au Critical Path Analysis ACTOR + ACTION + TIME = EVENT Whether animate or inanimate, EVERYTHING in this temporal universe plays a part… INCLUDING ENERGY!
    81. 81. safemeasure.com.au Critical Path Analysis ACTOR + ACTION + TIME = EVENT No matter how miniscule, everything is doing something
    82. 82. safemeasure.com.au Critical Path Analysis ACTOR + ACTION + TIME = EVENT All actors & actions are bounded by Time
    83. 83. safemeasure.com.au Critical Path Analysis ACTOR + ACTION + TIME = EVENT ‘4Ps’ plus ‘How & Why & Where & When… Who & What & back again… (x3)’
    84. 84. safemeasure.com.au OUTCOM E LIKELIHOOD EXPOSURE ASSESS Consider the risk...
    85. 85. safemeasure.com.au ENGINEER ELIM INATE ADMINISTRATE CONTROL Control the hazard...
    86. 86. safemeasure.com.au Reasonably practicable?
    87. 87. safemeasure.com.au Reasonably practicable? ACTUALLY, THIS IS THE WORKER I WANT!!! 3RD WORLD IT MAY BE, BUT HE IS ACTUALLY HAVING A GO AT PROTECTING HIMSELF…
    88. 88. safemeasure.com.au Reasonably practicable? …IN THIS FAIR CITY, THERE ARE BLOKES WHO DO NOT USE THE GOOD SAFETY GEAR THEIR BOSS HAS PROVIDED!!!
    89. 89. safemeasure.com.au Hierarchy of Hazard Control 1: Elimination 2: Substitution 3: Isolation/Ventilate 4: Mitigation 5: Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) ENGINEERING CONTROLS ADMIN. CONTROLS
    90. 90. safemeasure.com.au Odysseus’ Nemesis… The Game’s not over ’til the winged Siren sings…
    91. 91. safemeasure.com.au Odysseus’ Nemesis… The Game’s not over ’til the winged Siren sings… DOOMED TO SPEND MANY YEARS RETURNING TO ITHACA AFTER THE BATTLE OF TROY, KING ODYSSEUS FACES THE HAZARD OF THE SEA SIRENS…
    92. 92. safemeasure.com.au Odysseus’ Nemesis… The Game’s not over ’til the winged Siren sings… … PURPORTED TO SING SUCH A WONDERFUL SONG, NO SHIP CAN PASS BY, WITHOUT BEING DRAWN ONTO THE ROCKS. HOWEVER, KING ODYSSEUS SAVES THE DAY!!!
    93. 93. safemeasure.com.au Odysseus’ Nemesis… The Game’s not over ’til the winged Siren sings… HE APPLIES TECHNIQUES FROM WHAT WE NOW CALL ‘THE HIERARCHY OF HAZARD CONTROL’…
    94. 94. safemeasure.com.au Odysseus’ Nemesis… The Game’s not over ’til the winged Siren sings… HE USES MITIGATION, AN ‘ADMINISTRATIVE’ CONTROL BY GIVING CLEAR & UNAMBIGUOUS INSTRUCTION TO HIS CREW:
    95. 95. safemeasure.com.au Odysseus’ Nemesis… The Game’s not over ’til the winged Siren sings… HE TELLS THEM THEY ARE TO HAVE WAX PLACED IN THEIR EARS - ‘P.P.E.’ & HE IS TO BE ‘ISOLATED’ FROM THE HAZARD BY BEING TIED TO THE MAST.
    96. 96. safemeasure.com.au Odysseus’ Nemesis… The Game’s not over ’til the winged Siren sings… THE STRATEGY WORKS! THE CREW CANNOT HEAR THE SIRENS, & SO KEEP THE VESSEL ON COURSE, & KING ODYSSEUS – THOUGH BESET BY THE HAZARD OF DESIRE - CANNOT GET HIMSELF AWAY TO COME IN CONTACT WITH THE HAZARD…
    97. 97. safemeasure.com.au Odysseus’ Nemesis… The Game’s not over ’til the winged Siren sings… THE FACT HE LOSES EVERYTHING A BIT LATER IN THE VOYAGE IS ARGUABLY DUE TO A FICKLE ‘ACT OF THE GODS’…
    98. 98. safemeasure.com.au Odysseus’ Nemesis… The Game’s not over ’til the winged Siren sings……
    99. 99. safemeasure.com.au Odysseus’ dilemma… SOLVED!
    100. 100. safemeasure.com.au Patience for SSHE analysts & investigators… ‘When the impossible has been eliminated, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth…’ Sir Arthur Conan Doyle - ‘The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes’
    101. 101. safemeasure.com.au You are only as safe as the stupidest man in the mine… http://www.coal-miners-in-kentucky.com
    102. 102. safemeasure.com.au What am I (i)? GRIMY SMUDGED FILTHY BESMIRCHED UNWASHED FOUL SOILED TARNISHED UNCLEAN SOOTY SULLIED DUSTY
    103. 103. safemeasure.com.au What am I (i)? GRIMY SMUDGED FILTHY BESMIRCHED UNWASHED FOUL SOILED TARNISHED UNCLEAN SOOTY SULLIED DUSTY CLUE? 3 words… Name of old war movie…
    104. 104. safemeasure.com.au What am I (i)? GRIMY SMUDGED FILTHY BESMIRCHED UNWASHED FOUL SOILED TARNISHED UNCLEAN SOOTY SULLIED DUSTY “THE DIRTY DOZEN”!!!
    105. 105. safemeasure.com.au What am I (iia)? A C C I D E N T
    106. 106. safemeasure.com.au What am I (iib)? A C C I D E N T
    107. 107. safemeasure.com.au What am I (iib)? A C C I D E N T CLUE? 2 words… Behaviouralist statement…
    108. 108. safemeasure.com.au What am I (iib)? A C C I D E N T ACCIDENT PRONE!!!
    109. 109. safemeasure.com.au What am I (iib)? A C C I D E N T ACCIDENT PRONE!!! BLIMEY!!! IS THAT THE TIME… I’M OUTTA HERE!!! ENJOY THIS LIFE!!!
    110. 110. SafeMeasure Balancing the odds in workplace safety NOT using us might be a health hazard! DANGER!!! www.safemeasure.com.au
    111. 111. www.safemeasure.com.au
    112. 112. www.safemeasure.com.au Cheap moving targets…
    113. 113. safemeasure.com.au FENCE? WHERE DOES IT SAY ‘FENCE’?
    114. 114. safemeasure.com.au
    115. 115. safemeasure.com.au “TEMPUS EDAX RERUM”
    116. 116. SMILES AHEAD! CAUTION!!! (Dang this OHS stuff… it’s taking over every- thing… Some cautionary signs for the future…)
    117. 117. WATER pic of waterfall and bottle of H20 KNOWN TO REDUCE THIRST!
    118. 118. KNOWN TO INCREASE KNOWLEDGE! WORDS OF PEACE
    119. 119. MAY SATISFY HUNGER!
    120. 120. MAY ILLUMINATE AREA!
    121. 121. safemeasure.com.au MAY PUT FIRE OUT!
    122. 122. safemeasure.com.au MAY MAKE YOU FEEL GOOD!
    123. 123. www.safemeasure.com.au KNOWN TO REDUCE RISK!

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