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Disability Income Protection: A Step-by-Step Guide

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  • 1. FOR INDIVIDUALS A Step-by-Step Guide to Disability Income Insurance From Here to Security SM
  • 2. Everyone is looking for an edge. You work hard to get that edge – for you and your family both today and tomorrow. We know it isn’t simple. The road to financial security is long and full of challenges, opportunities and surprises. But what would happen if you became too sick or too hurt to work? Would you have enough income to maintain your lifestyle and protect your family’s future? For many people, the answer is “No.” That’s why we wrote this book. It’s based on the ideas and experiences of our financial representatives across America, not to mention more than 125 years of Principal Life Insurance Company service to business owners, employees and their families. It’s designed to simplify and demystify the rules of the road to financial security. Along the way, we’ll help you discover how disability income insurance can help you achieve your goals – whatever they might be. Here’s to enjoying the journey!
  • 3. Contents 1: Understand the need 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .page During a prolonged illness or injury, you could lose your income and everything it provides. What are the odds it could happen to you? And what can you do about it – starting now? 2: Understand disability income insurance 18 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .page Discover how disability income insurance helps protect you and your family. Then use our step-by-step worksheet to calculate how much you may need. 3: Review your plan regularly 28 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .page Because change is the one great constant in life, you should review your objectives and your plan at least once a year. 4: Glossary of insurance terms 30 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .page
  • 4. In the last 10 minutes, 390 Americans became disabled. – National Safety Council, 2001 In the home a fatal injury occurs every 16 minutes and a disabling injury every four seconds. – National Safety Council, Injury Facts®, 2004 Edition There is a death caused by a motor vehicle crash every 12 minutes; there is a disabling injury every 13 seconds. – National Safety Council, Injury Facts®, 2003 Edition Nobody wants to think about it, but you must take steps to protect your family and your future from what might happen if you become disabled and could not work.
  • 5. Myth #1 It won’t happen to me The truth is that during the course of your career, you are three and a half times more likely to be injured and need disability coverage than you are to die prematurely and need life insurance. – Health Industry Association of America, 2000 As the following chart illustrates, deaths have decreased while disabilities are up dramatically. For example, the numbers of deaths due to hypertension have decreased by 73%, yet disabilities due to hypertension have increased 70%. Disability Death 80% 70% 55% 60% 44% 36% 36% 40% 20% 0 -20% -27% -28% -32% -40% -48% -60% -73% -80% Hypertension Heart Disease Cardiovascular Diabetes All four Source: National Underwriter, May 2002; The JHA Disability Fact Book – 2003/2004 Edition – Need for Disability Insurance 3
  • 6. Understand the need In the last 20 years, deaths due to the “big three” (cancer, heart attack and stroke) have gone down significantly. But disabilities due to those same three are up dramatically! Things that used to kill, now disable. – National Underwriter, May 2002 Smooth the road to financial security Recent years have hurt more than helped the financial security of most Americans and their families. Savings are low. Personal spending continues to rise, hand-in-glove with consumer debt. Consumers continue to pile on debt and have established a new consumer debt record of $1.76 trillion.1 When it comes to financial security, we are our own best friends – or our own worst enemies. The choice, for better or worse, is always ours. Through careful planning and follow-through, achieving financial security and protecting our lifestyle is within our reach. Does your lifestyle depend on your income? Would you be able to maintain your standard of living if you were too sick or hurt to work? Probably not. Even if you have a spouse who works, could your spouse’s income alone support the whole family? And what would happen to your savings? To your retirement plans? To your children’s opportunity for a college education? Safemoneyreport.com, July 9, 2003 1 4 RESOURCE Try our easy-to-use insurance need calculator. Visit www.principal.com/disabilitysecure.
  • 7. What is your most valuable asset? Income $2,025,0003 Home $294,3002 Car $31,5011 Your home may be your biggest asset, but your ability to work and earn an income is your most valuable asset. Motor Trend, January 2005 1 www.investmenttools.com, May 2006 2 Projected cumulative income, 35-year-old earning $3,000/month assuming 4% annual increase to age 65. 3 There are many components to financial security, but income is the most important of all. Use the chart below to estimate how much you’ll earn between now and age 65. Then consider all the things that income will buy – your home, your cars, your food, college, vacations, basically your lifestyle – now and in the future. Protecting your income allows you to continue to enjoy what it pays for, from now through your retirement years. What is your earning potential? Potential Earnings to Age 65 (with 5% annual salary increases) ANNUAL INCOME $50,000 $100,000 $150,000 Age 30 $4,516,000 $9,032,000 $13,548,000 Age 35 $3,322,000 $6,644,000 $9,996,000 Age 40 $2,386,000 $4,773,000 $7,159,000 Age 45 $1,653,000 $3,307,000 $4,960,000 Chapter 1: Understand the need 5
  • 8. What are the chances of having at least one disability lasting three months or longer before reaching age 65? AGE PROBABILITY 30 51% 35 48% 45 40% 50 34% Source: Commissioner’s Individual Disability Tables, CSO Think about your personal financial situation Are you saving enough for retirement? Would your family be able to financially survive without your income? If the answer to these questions is “no,” you’re not alone. The fact is, fewer and fewer Americans are setting aside enough money to achieve their financial objectives – let alone protect what they already have. The good news is that you can take control of your personal financial situation – starting now! Protect your most valuable asset Insuring your income could be the most important thing you ever do. It’s natural to insure your home, your car and other valuables. Why not protect the funds that provide those items – your income? 6 RESOURCE Try our easy-to-use insurance need calculator. Visit www.principal.com/disabilitysecure.
  • 9. A serious disability can last a long time When a disability lasts a long time, the financial loss it creates can significantly affect your family’s lifestyle and future security. That’s why disability income insurance is one of the most important components of any financial plan. It can help assure that you and your family will have the income you need to live on – and that your retirement savings will continue to grow. If the disability has lasted one year, what is the probability the disability will last: AGE 25 AGE 35 AGE 45 AGE 55 1 more year 67% 76% 79% 81% 2 more years 57% 67% 72% 73% 5 more years 47% 57% 62% 62% Disability plays no favorites. Source: Commissioner’s Individual Disability Tables, CSO The causes of disability may surprise you. Here’s a typical breakdown (by percentage of claims) of some typical reasons an individual may become disabled: Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/ Infections Fibromyalgia/ Pregnancy 2% Carpal Tunnel 3% 4% Cancer 15% Injuries 10% Mental & Nervous 10% Orthopedic (excluding back) 16% Nervous System 10% Back 16% Cardiac 14% Source: Principal Life Adjustable Disability Insurance claims incurred as of June 1, 2005. The above is for illustration purposes only and is not intended as an inclusive representation of all claims. Chapter 1: Understand the need 7
  • 10. How solid is your financial foundation? How would you replace your lost income or the loss of your ability to continue saving for your future? Your income is the foundation of your financial plan. It’s what makes everything else possible. So just as you protect yourself against unexpected property damage, medical expenses and loss of life, you should also protect yourself against loss of income due to disability. Group long-term disability insurance If your employer offers a group long-term disability (LTD) insurance program, it may replace a portion of your income should you become too sick or hurt to work. This is a valuable benefit and good safety net, yet because the benefits are often taxed, some people find their group LTD benefits may not be enough. Social Security If you become disabled, you may be eligible for Social Security benefits, though more than half of all claims submitted to Social Security are denied.1 To be considered disabled under Social Security, you must have a physical or mental impairment that prevents you from engaging in any substantially gainful activity. Plus, the disability must last or be expected to last at least 12 months or be expected to result in death. Social Security Forum, Volume 21, No. 5 - May 1999 (for fiscal year 1998). 1 8 RESOURCE Try our easy-to-use insurance need calculator. Visit www.principal.com/disabilitysecure.
  • 11. If your claim is approved, there is a six-month waiting period before benefits will begin. Benefits typically replace only a fraction of pre-disability income. Workers’ Compensation If your disability results from a work-related illness or injury on the job, you may be eligible to receive benefits from your employer’s workers’ compensation insurance. Coverage and benefits vary from state to state. Savings Even if you regularly save 10 percent of your income, one year of disability could easily wipe out many years of savings. Borrowing CAN YOU LIVE ON 42% What bank would lend you money if OF YOUR INCOME? you were too sick or hurt and could Individual disability income (DI) insurance not work? can help supplement your group LTD insurance benefits to better meet your Other income income replacement needs. Could you maintain your standard of living without placing additional strain on yourself and your family? Income replacement Individual disability income insurance An affordable personal policy could provide you with a monthly benefit that is income tax free when you pay the premium. Chart based on $6,250 gross monthly income ($75,000 annual), with 60% group LTD insurance, assuming a 30% tax bracket for Federal, State and FICA. Chapter 1: Understand the need 9
  • 12. Nearly half of the one million Americans who filed for bankruptcy protection in 1999 did so after being sidelined by an unexpected illness or injury. – New York Post, April 3, 2000, “There’s No Insuring You Won’t Go Bankrupt” Are you neglecting your income protection needs? The vast majority of Americans are choosing, consciously or subconsciously, not to purchase individual disability income insurance – which is unfortunate. If they only knew there are simple, affordable solutions to fit just about every need and budget. Your situation is unique, your future one of a kind. That’s why disability income insurance can be tailored to fit your needs. During a prolonged illness or injury, you can lose your income – and everything it provides. Disability income insurance provides peace of mind – knowing that if you become too sick or hurt to work, your benefits could help maintain your current lifestyle. 10 RESOURCE Try our easy-to-use insurance need calculator. Visit www.principal.com/disabilitysecure.
  • 13. The time to take action is now Why not contact your financial professional to discover how much disability income insurance you need and how much it might cost? Then you’ll be in a better position to make educated choices about your coverage. TOP 5 REASONS NOT TO BUY DISABILITY INCOME INSURANCE Social Security will take care of me. 5 Fact: Social Security initially denies about 65 percent of all disability claims.1 I expect to stay healthy. 4 Fact: Statistics show that 17% of individuals ages 21 to 64 have a disabling illness.2 It costs too much. 3 Fact: The average annual cost is typically one to three percent of what you earn. I can always do it later. 2 Fact: People usually don’t get healthier as they grow older, and coverage will cost more. I can rely on my savings. 1 Fact: Even if you save 10 percent of your salary, a one-year disability could eliminate many years of savings. Now let’s take a look at some examples of four typical families – the Singles, the Youngs, the up-and-comers and the 40-somethings. Each family is at a different stage in life. They have different needs, different incomes, different goals and different opportunities. Yet each family can benefit now by working closely with their financial representative – and by making educated decisions about their current and future financial security. Social Security Forum, Volume 21, No. 5 – May 1999 (for fiscal year 1998) 1 U.S. Census Bureau, “2000 Census of Population and Housing” 2 Chapter 1: Understand the need 11
  • 14. Meet the Singles! With no spousal income to fall back on, we may have the greatest need for disability income protection. Some people are single by choice. Others have lost a spouse, either through death or divorce. Many are single parents. Some are empty nesters. But all share a common concern. Since they have only one income to rely on, they have an even greater need to protect their income and their ability to save for retirement in the event of a disability. If you’re single, there’s no better time than now to make a complete review of your financial situation, including short-term goals, insurance policies, savings and investments. Make sure you’re taking full advantage of your benefits at work. Compare your possible resources with current monthly expenses. The worksheet on pages 22-24 will guide you through this process. In 2004, the average American household spent $2,434 on dining out. – U.S. Department of Labor Consumer Expenditure Survey 12 RESOURCE Try our easy-to-use insurance need calculator. Visit www.principal.com/disabilitysecure.
  • 15. Meet the Youngs! We’re a new family (and we’re just getting by). We can’t afford to get started. The Youngs might be surprised to discover how little they need to set aside each month to achieve and protect their long-term financial goals. Premium rates for disability income insurance are usually lower for policies purchased at younger ages. So the Youngs can purchase a small, affordable policy now. Then later, as their income grows, they may be able to adjust their policy to increase coverage. Contrary to popular belief, the Youngs shouldn’t have to give up something to protect their income. Quite often, extra cash can be created simply by reviewing and improving personal money management habits. Are they paying too much for their mortgage or their home and auto insurance? Are they paying the lowest possible rate on their credit cards? Think about it. How much extra money could you create, each month, if you were able to find simple expense-saving opportunities? Chapter 1: Understand the need 13
  • 16. Meet the up-and-comers! The kids are growing fast (and so are our careers). How should we deal with our changing lives and objectives? As your family and careers grow, so should your plan for financial security. Ask yourself the following questions. • Are you taking full advantage of your benefits at work? • Are you setting aside a portion of your growing income to help protect your future income? • As you buy larger homes, accumulate greater assets and dream bigger dreams, are you taking steps to protect your family and assets should you or your spouse become too sick or hurt to work? • Are the policies you bought years ago still adequate? • Have you thought about how a disability could impact your ability to save for retirement? Use the kids’ preschool and grade school years to build your financial security foundation. Ask your financial representative how to create affordable base levels of protection. As children grow older (and you begin to enter your peak earning years), the thoughts of most parents turn to empty-nesting and retirement. This is a time when income protection is often essential to help ensure you will not have to spend your retirement savings because of a disability. The closer you get to retirement, the more accurately you can forecast your specific income needs and opportunities. It’s the best time to fine-tune your strategy for personal financial success. 14 RESOURCE Try our easy-to-use insurance need calculator. Visit www.principal.com/disabilitysecure.
  • 17. Meet the 40-somethings! The kids are teenagers and our peak earning years lie just ahead. How can we make the future we’ve dreamed of come true? The next 20-some years are likely to be the most busy and exciting years of your lives. They are the years when your income is likely to be highest. You’ll be able to afford traveling with your family to the places you’ve always wanted to see. It’s when you’ll want to take up new hobbies, start thinking about grandkids and more. The next 20 years will also be critical years for building your retirement savings. That’s why it’s even more important to protect your income now! By doing that, you’ll be protecting the lifestyle you’ve worked so hard to achieve. You’ll be protecting your ability to continue saving for retirement. You’ll be helping to make sure your dreams come true. Chapter 1: Understand the need 15
  • 18. Myth #2 Insurance is too expensive Disability income insurance solutions are available to suit nearly every need and budget. That’s why it makes sense to work with a financial representative who can tailor a program to satisfy your personal situation and objectives. A healthy 35-year-old male making $75,000 a year can buy disability income insurance that would pay an after-tax benefit of $3,925 per month to age 65, should he ever become too sick or hurt to work. The best part is he could buy that coverage for less than two percent of his annual income!1 Whether your goal is maximum income protection, safeguarding specific expenses (mortgage), or budget-based coverage – a disability income insurance policy can be designed to meet your needs. Think waiting to buy disability income insurance makes sense? Most people save nothing by waiting to buy disability income insurance – yet they risk becoming disabled before they buy. DISABILITY INSURANCE PREMIUMS AGE 30 AGE 35 AGE 40 AGE 45 AGE 50 Monthly $25.31 $29.26 $39.02 $48.53 $58.97 Premium Assumptions: $1,000 monthly benefit, Iowa resident, male, occupation class 4A, non-smoker, 90-day elimination period, benefits paid to age 65, To Age 65 Your Occupation Period, and Residual Disability Benefit rider. See glossary of insurance terms on pages 30-33 for more information. Policy form HH 750. Rider form HH 758. Disability income insurance calculations are based on a variety of factors. Disability income insurance 1 also has limitations and exclusions. For specific costs and complete details of coverage, contact your financial representative. 17
  • 19. Understand disability income insurance This chapter helps demystify disability income insurance. It includes an easy-to-use calculator tool for determining how much disability income insurance you may need. Here’s what to look for in a disability income insurance policy: Is the policy non-cancelable and guaranteed renewable? A non-cancelable and guaranteed renewable policy provides considerable security, since the insurance company can’t raise your premium or cancel the policy for as long as you pay the premiums. A policy that is only “guaranteed renewable” can increase premiums under certain circumstances. Definition of disability When you buy disability coverage, you’re essentially buying the insurance company’s definition of disability. There are three basic definitions that typically include “own occupation” and “any occupation,” as well as “partial” or “residual” disability. Own Occupation. This refers to the occupation you were working in just prior to your disability. If your “own occupation” is protected, the policy will not require you to work in another occupation. This is sometimes referred to as “regular occupation” or “your occupation.” Any Occupation. Some policies will not pay benefits if you can perform “any” occupation you are suited to, based on your education, training and experience. Look for a policy that considers you disabled if you cannot perform the substantial and material duties of your own regular occupation. You can further enhance your policy with coverage that provides benefits in the event of a partial disability. 18 RESOURCE Try our easy-to-use insurance need calculator. Visit www.principal.com/disabilitysecure.
  • 20. Changing jobs? That means your benefits are changing too! Make sure you understand your new benefits package and how it fits with your personal strategy for achieving financial security. And, if possible, take advantage of every opportunity for employer-provided benefits. If you lose your group disability insurance or if you’re getting a raise, consider purchasing disability income insurance protection. Partial, Residual and Loss of Income Disability. Some policies will pay a proportional benefit if you become partially/residually disabled and experience a loss of earnings. Most companies use a “percent of income” formula to determine benefits for a residual disability. Some policies will cover you if you can work part-time due to your disability and still do all your regular duties – or if you can work full-time but do only part of your regular duties due to your disability. Benefits usually begin when there has been a 20 percent loss of income due to disability. In most cases, if you lose 75 percent or more of your income, you are considered totally disabled. How long is the waiting period? The waiting period (also known as the elimination period) is the length of time you must wait before benefits begin to be paid. It can be as short as 30 days or as long as a year. As a rule, the shorter the waiting period, the more expensive a policy will be. It’s important to know that benefits are typically not paid until the end of the month following the waiting period. (If you have a 180-day waiting period, you’d receive your first benefit check after 210 days – or more.) Most people choose either a 90-day or a 180-day waiting period. Consider your available savings and assets when making this choice. What about guaranteed future insurability? This means that while you are working, you can increase your policy’s monthly disability income benefit as your salary grows – without providing evidence of medical insurability. This feature can usually be added to the policy by rider. Chapter 2: Understand disability income insurance 19
  • 21. Getting married? Get ready for changes in your financial life! In addition to combining their incomes, the Givens sold one house, remodeled and moved into the other, drafted their first wills, and began laying the foundation for their new family’s financial future. Selling one home resulted in savings of $1,100 per month (mortgage, taxes, utilities and insurance). The Givens budgeted a portion of this money for their insurance program, an additional portion goes to their 401(k) plans and the remainder goes into a savings account they call their “Annual Honeymoon Fund.” How long will benefits last? The benefit period is the length of time benefits are paid. The shortest benefit period is usually two years. A five-year benefit period is fairly common. Most people purchase coverage that lasts until age 65, or longer if available. You should buy the longest benefit period you can afford. If you remain in good health, most companies will allow you to upgrade your coverage at a later time. Is there inflation protection? Most disability insurance companies offer “cost of living” riders that help benefits keep pace with inflation while an insured is disabled and collecting benefits. Are premiums waived during disability? Many policies will automatically waive your premiums during a qualified disability. They are typically waived after the lesser of 90 days or the elimination period. Is there a rehabilitation clause? Since most insurance companies want to help you resume an active lifestyle and get back to work as soon as possible, they will often offer assistance in your rehabilitation. Some policies are based on a mutual agreement between the policy owner and the company. Other policies limit the amount paid for rehabilitation. Make sure to review the policy, so you have a clear understanding of the insurance company’s responsibilities – and yours. 20 RESOURCE Try our easy-to-use insurance need calculator. Visit www.principal.com/disabilitysecure.
  • 22. Having a baby? This changes everything! Or at least it did for the Martins. David took on a second job so Stacey could be a stay-at-home mom for the first few years. That made everything a little tighter. But David could still afford to buy additional life insurance for his growing family’s protection – as well as disability income insurance, since his paychecks were even more important than before. Their financial representative was able to customize a program for David with both life and disability insurance that was within their budget. Qualifying factors for underwriting When determining your eligibility for individual disability income insurance, insurance companies consider your medical history, your occupational duties and your overall earned income. + Medical history Occupational duties $ Financial history and earned income Chapter 2: Understand disability income insurance 21
  • 23. How much disability insurance do you need? Answer the following questions to determine your current need for disability income insurance protection. Sample answers are provided in the second column. For an easy-to-use, self-completing version of this calculator, visit www.principal.com/disabilitysecure. Yours Sample MONTHLY DISABILITY BENEFITS AND ADDITIONAL INCOME Group Disability Insurance Benefit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $___________ $2,625 net1 How much would you receive each month from your company’s group disability insurance coverage? Be sure to deduct any income taxes that will be paid on the benefits you receive under this coverage. Can you live on only 42% of your current monthly income? Since group disability insurance benefits are usually taxable, even a typical policy covering 60% of your income might not be enough. Individual Disability Income Insurance Benefit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $___________ $0 Enter your monthly benefit amount. Proceeds from individual disability income policies are typically not taxable if premiums are paid by you. Consult your tax advisor for details. Monthly Social Security Disability Benefit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $___________ $0 In most cases, this answer will be zero. For an exact figure, call 800-772-1213 toll- free, or visit the Social Security Administration website at www.ssa.gov/planners/ calculators.htm. Do not enter an amount here if you have group disability insurance, since those benefits would be integrated with any Social Security disability benefits you might receive. Did you know that Social Security initially denies nearly 65% of all disability claims?2 Additional Household Income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $___________ $0 Add the monthly net (take-home) value of rental income, your spouse’s income, investment returns, early IRA or pension distributions and other income sources. Fewer than four of 10 American adults have an emergency fund to fall back on in the event of a financial disaster.3 Total Monthly Disability Benefits and Additional Income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $2,625 (A) $__________ Sample assumptions: Based on a $75,000 annual income, 60% Group LTD coverage and a 1 30% tax bracket for federal, state and FICA. Source: Social Security Forum, Volume 21, No. 5 – May 1999 (for fiscal year 1998). 2 Source: Bankrate.com poll, June 21, 2006 www.bankrate.com/bos/news/sav/20060621a1.asp 3 22 RESOURCE Try our easy-to-use insurance need calculator. Visit www.principal.com/disabilitysecure.
  • 24. Yours Sample MONTHLY EXPENSES Mortgage/Rent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $___________ $1,200 Even if your mortgage is paid off, be sure to consider the monthly cost of property taxes, association fees and any other homeowner expenses. Did you know that 48% of all home foreclosures are due to disability?4 Utilities and Household Expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $___________ $350 Total what you pay each month for electricity, gas, water, telephone, cable, Internet, trash collection and other monthly expenses. Groceries and Household Supplies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $___________ $500 Add up your typical monthly expenses for food and supplies. Be sure to include dining out! Auto Payments and Expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $___________ $300 Include monthly auto payments, fuel, licensing fees and maintenance costs, as well as a contingency fund for repairs. Loans, Credit Cards and Charge Accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $___________ $200 Total the amount you typically pay each month on your loans and credit cards. Include equity loans, college loans and loans from your life insurance policies. (Car loans and mortgage loans are included elsewhere.) (continued on next page) Source: Housing and Home Finance Agency of the U.S. Government, 1998. 4 Chapter 2: Understand disability income insurance 23
  • 25. Yours Sample $___________ $300 Insurance Premiums . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Add up your current monthly premiums for medical, dental, life, auto, homeowner’s and other types of insurance. (Do not count homeowner’s insurance if it’s included in your mortgage payment.) Childcare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $___________ $500 Add the monthly costs of childcare, school lunches, special interests or events, etc. $___________ $500 Saving and Investing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Total your monthly savings for retirement, college expenses or an emergency fund. $___________ $200 Other Monthly Expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . How much do you spend for clothes, entertainment and other monthly expenses? (B) $__________ $4,050 Total Monthly Expenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (A-B) $__________ $1,425 Your Monthly Disability Income Gap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Keep in mind, disability income insurance does not cover 100% of your income. Your financial representative can illustrate the amount you’re eligible for, based on current underwriting guidelines. 24 RESOURCE Try our easy-to-use insurance need calculator. Visit www.principal.com/disabilitysecure.
  • 26. Buying a new home? Home ownership is a core component of most families’ financial security. That’s why it’s so important to build a budget for financial protection into your new home purchase. When the Morrisons bought their dream home in 1994, they also purchased disability income insurance specifically to help cover the mortgage if either of them should become too sick or hurt to work. When Wes suffered a stroke in 1998, their disability income insurance policy paid benefits – for nearly two years – until he was able to return to work full-time. They were never in danger of losing their dream home. Protect your financial future If you become disabled and are unable to work, your family loses not only your income, but also any savings that would have been invested for retirement. You may even have to spend some savings to make up for the income shortfall. Disability income insurance can help replace the gap between your current resources and your financial goals. To calculate your insurance gap, use the worksheet on pages 22-24 or visit our easy-to-use insurance need calculator at www.principal.com/disabilitysecure. Expenses Disability Income Gap $4,050 $1,425 Disability Income Sources $2,625 Graph based on a $75,000 annual income ($4,375 after-tax monthly income), 60% group LTD insurance coverage, 30% tax bracket for federal, state and FICA and assumptions from the sample scenario on pages 22-24. Chapter 2: Understand disability income insurance 25
  • 27. Myth #3 I can do it myself Truth is, it makes sense to work with a financial representative. Here’s why. • Financial representatives are trained to help you assess your insurance needs, your overall financial situation, your tolerance for risk and the type (or types) of insurance that would be most appropriate for your personal situation. • He or she will help you understand the complexities of disability income insurance policies and riders – and will help you select the features and benefits that are right for you. • A financial representative may be a catalyst in the planning process – bringing together any other advisors you may have, such as your attorney or accountant – then helping form a coordinated planning team. • He or she will complete the forms necessary to start the underwriting process – and will arrange for any follow-up information that may be required. Then he or she will follow up with the underwriters to facilitate the process. • When the policy is issued, your financial representative will usually deliver it in person, explain the coverage and answer any questions you might have. • He or she will continue to review your changing needs and will be available to help with any service needs that may arise over time. • In the event of a disability, your financial representative will be a great resource to you and your family – helping you file a claim. 27
  • 28. Review your plan regularly Change is the one great constant in life. That’s why it’s so important to regularly review your objectives, your plan and your financial protection strategy – at least once a year. Did your job or income change? Did you get married or have a baby? Did someone in your family die? Now that you’ve taken the time to create a plan for financial security, you need to make sure your plan, as well as the protections you’ve put in place, remain in line with your changing goals and your changing life. Pick a day you’ll remember Pick a day – each year – to trigger a call to your financial representative to set up an appointment. It could be your birthday, your anniversary, a child’s birthday, April 15th – any date that you will easily remember. Take a moment, now, to mark that date on the calendar. You can also ask your financial representative to call you every year on that date. Some things demand immediate attention Whenever a major life-changing event occurs, you should contact your financial representative for a review. • Marriage or divorce • Major increase in debt, including the purchase of a new home • Birth or adoption of a child • Paying off the mortgage • Children graduating from college or leaving home • New job or promotion • Inheritance or other windfall • Death of a spouse • Changing a beneficiary 28 RESOURCE Try our easy-to-use insurance need calculator. Visit www.principal.com/disabilitysecure.
  • 29. What your review may discover: 1. You’re well protected. Your disability income insurance program is working as planned. There have been no major changes since the last review. 2. Your situation has changed and your coverage can be adjusted to reflect the change. For example, some disability income insurance policies allow you to increase coverage at predetermined times, without having to provide proof of insurability. Your coverage can also be increased at any time with full underwriting. A Principal From Here to Security ReviewSM For more than a century, associates of Principal Life have worked to help people better understand their changing financial protection needs. We have incorporated this experience into a program called the Principal From Here to Security ReviewSM. The program is another valuable tool that enables your financial representative to work closely with you to explore potential changes and additions to your overall financial protection plan. What now? 1. Collect all the documents related to your financial plan and insurance protection and store them in a safe place (like a safe deposit box). 2. If you haven’t already done so, you should contact your attorney and draw up a will. 3. Next, establish a regular schedule for reviewing your plan, your investments and your financial protection strategy with your financial representative. After all, the only thing constant in life is change! Principal Life and your financial representative can help you through this process with our Principal From Here to Security ReviewSM. FOR MORE INFORMATION Contact your local financial representative or visit www.principal.com/ disabilitysecure. Chapter 3: Review your plan regularly 29
  • 30. Glossary of insurance terms Age Limits CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNERTM (CFP®) Most policies have limits on the age of the A professional credential awarded by CFP insured. Most have maximum issue ages. Board of Standards for successfully Some have minimum ages. And some have completing a curriculum of insurance and a combination of maximum and minimum financial planning concepts. issue ages. Chartered Financial Consultant (ChFC®) Agent A professional designation for successfully An authorized representative of an insurance completing a curriculum of insurance and company who sells and services financial planning concepts through the insurance policies. American College. Application Chartered Life Underwriter (CLU®) A series of questions that give the insurer the A professional designation for successfully information necessary to effectively assess completing a curriculum of life insurance- the risk. By signing the application, the related concepts through the proposed insured certifies the accuracy of American College. the information. The application becomes a Cost of Living Rider part of the policy at issue and may be used Also called the “Cost of Living Adjustment to determine the validity of a claim in the Rider” – can be added to a policy to help case of misrepresentation or misstatement benefits keep pace with inflation, when the of fact. insured is disabled and receiving disability Any Occupation benefits for more than a year. Definition of disability whereby the insured Disability will receive benefits only if, due to a An illness or injury that prevents a person qualifying disability, he/she is unable to from working and earning an income. engage in any occupation which he/she is reasonably qualified for based on education, Disability Benefit training or experience. Monthly benefit for a qualifying disability. Benefit Period The length of time benefits are paid if disabled according to the policy. 30 RESOURCE Try our easy-to-use insurance need calculator. Visit www.principal.com/disabilitysecure.
  • 31. Disability Income Associate (DIA) Guaranteed Future Insurability A Health Insurance Association of America Policy provisions and/or riders that allow the (HIAA) designation acquired upon insured to increase coverage amounts at satisfactory completion of specific specified intervals, ages or as income coursework. Recipients demonstrate increases, without additional medical a fundamental understanding of the role underwriting or proof of insurability. Such disability income insurance plays within provisions are typically available for an the health care continuum – as well as in additional premium. retirement, estate and long-term care Guaranteed Renewable Policy planning – in protecting individuals from A policy in which coverage is guaranteed to the financial losses often associated with a specified age as long as premiums are disabling injuries or illnesses that prevent paid. The premium could be changed by an them from working. insurer for a certain class of individuals. Disability Income Insurance Incontestable Clause Insurance that provides monthly benefits A clause that generally allows the insurance when you are unable to work due to a company to contest the payment of a disabling illness or injury. benefit for up to two years from issue for Elimination Period misstatements in the application. Fraud and Also known as the “waiting period” – the misrepresentation are generally not length of time during a qualifying disability protected by an incontestable clause and you must wait before benefits are paid. may be contested even after the two-year period has expired. Evidence of Insurability A requirement for potential insureds to Insured provide proof of medical, occupational and Individual who is covered by the financial insurability before purchasing a insurance policy. disability income insurance policy. Insurer Grace Period The insurance company issuing the A period (usually 30 or 31 days) following insurance policy. each insurance premium due date, other Lapsed Policy than the first due date, during which an An insurance policy terminated at the end overdue premium may be paid. All of the grace period because of nonpayment provisions of the policy remain in force of premiums. throughout this period. 31
  • 32. Level Premium Policy A premium that is guaranteed not to The printed document issued to the policy increase for a stipulated period of time. owner by a company stating the terms of the insurance coverage. Long-Term Disability (LTD) Insurance Group disability coverage provided by an Policy Illustration employer for employees, which typically A policy illustration generally illustrates provides benefits for two years or longer. premiums, benefits and other information about the policy. National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC) Premium An association of the various state insurance The payment, or one of regular periodic commissioners, who collaborate to codify payments, that a policy owner makes to certain insurance laws and regulations. own an insurance policy. Non-Cancelable and Guaranteed Rated Policy Renewable Policy A policy that has been issued with additional A policy that cannot be changed or canceled premiums as the result of unfavorable except for nonpayment of premiums – nor underwriting characteristics of the insured. can the policy premiums be increased before For example, the proposed insured may age 65, regardless of changes in income, have a medical condition not serious occupation or health. enough to decline the policy, but which creates additional risk for the insurer. Own Occupation Definition of disability that typically means Regular Occupation the insured will receive benefits if he/she is Definition of disability that typically means unable to perform the duties of his/her the insured will receive benefits if he/she is regular (or “own”) occupation due to a unable to perform the duties of his/her qualifying disability. Also known as “regular regular (or “own”) occupation due to a occupation.” qualifying disability. Also known as “own occupation.” Partial Disability The insured is unable to perform some of Rehabilitation Benefit the duties of his or her occupation. A provision in a disability income insurance policy that typically allows for additional benefits if the insured takes part in a rehabilitation program. 32 RESOURCE Try our easy-to-use insurance need calculator. Visit www.principal.com/disabilitysecure.
  • 33. Reinstatement Supplemental Disability Coverage The restoration of a lapsed insurance Individual disability income insurance is policy. The company requires evidence sometimes referred to as “supplemental of insurability and payment of past- disability coverage” when it is wrapped due premiums. around group long-term disability insurance. Residual Disability Total Disability The insured is able to perform some, but Solely due to a disabling illness or injury, not all, of the duties of his or her job or the an insured is unable to perform the duties insured’s ability to work is restricted and, of his or her occupation or any other as a result, has a loss of earnings. occupation he or she is qualified to do based on education, training or experience. Rider An amendment to an insurance policy Underwriting that modifies the policy by expanding or The process of classifying applicants for restricting its benefits or excluding certain insurance by identifying characteristics conditions from coverage. such as age, gender, health, occupation and hobbies. Short-Term Disability Income Insurance Group disability coverage provided by an Waiver of Premium employer for employees. It provides benefits Under this provision, premiums are typically for a short period of time, typically three to waived after the lesser of 90 days or the six months. elimination period for the duration of disability coverage in the event of a Social Security qualifying disability. This is typically a A federal program that provides retirement, provision included in the policy at no disability and survivor benefits to additional premium. qualified individuals. Workers’ Compensation Standard Risk State and federal law mandating that A category of risk which meets the employers compensate employees for the underwriter’s definition of standard financial loss of a disability due to or favorable risk. occupational injury or illness. (Applies to most jobs; some exclusions in certain states.) Substandard Rating See “Rated Policy.” 33
  • 34. WE’LL GIVE YOU AN EDGESM While this communication may be used to promote or market a transaction or an idea that is discussed in the publication, it is intended to provide general information about the subject matter covered and is provided with the understanding that The Principal is not rendering legal, accounting, or tax advice. It is not a marketed opinion and may not be used to avoid penalties under the Internal Revenue Code. You should consult with appropriate counsel or other advisors on all matters pertaining to legal, tax, or accounting obligations and requirements. Policy and rider descriptions are not intended to cover all restrictions, conditions or limitations. Refer to policies and riders for full details. Policies and riders are subject to state availability. Some riders are subject to an additional premium. Disability insurance has limitations and exclusions. For costs and details of coverage, contact your Principal Life financial representative. Insurance issued by Principal Life Insurance Company. Principal Life is a member of the Principal Financial Group®, Des Moines, IA 50392. JJ 1131-3 | 8/2006 | #5733082008