How are gender roles developed?• Learn from those who are around• From the child’s understanding of gender concept• Categorizing emphasized differences
When are gender roles adopted?• Gender identity stage: 9months-3years old• Gender stability stage: 4 years old• Gender consistency stage: 4-5 years old
How might gender identity change?• Older children don’t live by as rigid of rules• Understand that sex roles are social conventions• Abandons the assumption that same sex behavior is preferable
What influences shape perceptions of gender roles?• Media• Peers• Parents• Teachers
What behaviors might indicate changes in gender identity?• Playmate preference• Toy preference• Same gender teaching/learning
Speakers NotesVery early in life children begin to learngender concepts and sex roles. They learn thisfrom those who are around them, their ownunderstanding of the concept, and from thosewho unknowingly categorize male and femalebehavior. This learning begins to take place asearly as three months old and is a permanentlesson by age five. There are many factorsresponsible for this knowledge: themedia, parents, friends, and teachers.
Speakers NotesSome changes that might take place as a result of gender identity are preferring to play with same gender, playing with toys that the gender is expected to play with, and learning from peers of the same sex. However, when the children become adolescences they tend to be more flexible. Also, they realize that roles are social conventions as they abandon the notion that same sex behavior is always desired.
ReferenceBee, H. and Boyd, D. (2010). The developing child (2th ed.) Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon