R.D. Laing: Mental Illness & Conceptions of the (Social) Self ‘ If you talk to God you are praying. If God talks to you, y...
Mental Illness Problematised <ul><li>Mental Illness as deviance </li></ul><ul><li>Pyschiatry and Mental Illness mutually s...
Me, Myself & I (Symbolic Interactionism) <ul><li>“ Me” the social </li></ul><ul><li>Myself – the generalised other </li></...
Knowing Me, Naming You? Aka Psychiatry <ul><li>‘ Sanity or psychosis is tested by the degree of conjunction or disjunction...
Craib (1997) - Psychoanalyse this! <ul><li>Critique of social constructionism </li></ul><ul><li>Inner-self is autonomous a...
Laing’s Ideas -The drugs don’t work  (The Verve, 1997) <ul><li>Integrated, embodied self the norm </li></ul><ul><li>Dyads,...
The “Dramaturgical” schizoid <ul><li>Julie – performing  her  script to an unhearing audience? </li></ul><ul><li>A case of...
<ul><li>Laing, Craib and Mead all theorise a multi-faceted self </li></ul><ul><li>Laing, Craib - Mental distress socially ...
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Laing Presentation

  1. 1. R.D. Laing: Mental Illness & Conceptions of the (Social) Self ‘ If you talk to God you are praying. If God talks to you, you have schizophrenia’ (Thomas Szasz, 1973)
  2. 2. Mental Illness Problematised <ul><li>Mental Illness as deviance </li></ul><ul><li>Pyschiatry and Mental Illness mutually sustaining (Pilgrim & Rogers, 2005) </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Psychiatry movement: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Laing: schizophrenia a way of being NOT an illness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Szasz: schizophrenia a myth, psychiatry = social control </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Me, Myself & I (Symbolic Interactionism) <ul><li>“ Me” the social </li></ul><ul><li>Myself – the generalised other </li></ul><ul><li>“ I” the individual ego </li></ul><ul><li>The importance of “meaning” </li></ul><ul><li>Social interactions as co-constituted, shared meaning(s) </li></ul><ul><li>What if one party doesn’t play the game? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Knowing Me, Naming You? Aka Psychiatry <ul><li>‘ Sanity or psychosis is tested by the degree of conjunction or disjunction between two persons where the one is sane by common consent’ (Laing, 1960: p.36). </li></ul><ul><li>Who has the power? </li></ul><ul><li>I name you Schizophrenic and mark you out from normal society! (Garfinkel, 1956) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Craib (1997) - Psychoanalyse this! <ul><li>Critique of social constructionism </li></ul><ul><li>Inner-self is autonomous and self-aware </li></ul><ul><li>Divided Self is the norm (Id, Super-ego and Ego) </li></ul><ul><li>Innate & Social </li></ul><ul><li>Ideal self vs depressive vs schizoid </li></ul><ul><li>Pathology = Failure to adopt “the depressive position” </li></ul><ul><li>A maladaptive response to external (social) threat </li></ul>
  6. 6. Laing’s Ideas -The drugs don’t work (The Verve, 1997) <ul><li>Integrated, embodied self the norm </li></ul><ul><li>Dyads, tryads and double binds </li></ul><ul><li>Intolerable threats to ontological security = schizoid split </li></ul><ul><li>Fragmentation of self </li></ul><ul><li>Schizophrenia a way of “being” and experiencing </li></ul>
  7. 7. The “Dramaturgical” schizoid <ul><li>Julie – performing her script to an unhearing audience? </li></ul><ul><li>A case of challenging taken for granted realities (Garfinkel)? </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Laing, Craib and Mead all theorise a multi-faceted self </li></ul><ul><li>Laing, Craib - Mental distress socially induced not organic/hereditary </li></ul><ul><li>Laing demonstrates its “being” </li></ul><ul><li>Symbolic Interactionism demonstrates its “performance” </li></ul><ul><li>Psychiatry brings the label, the drugs & the hope of a cure i.e. the industry </li></ul><ul><li>For Laing the cure was shared meaning not chemical intervention </li></ul>

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