Characters of good teacher
Knowledge "Being expert in your
"Good Teachers have a deep seated concern
& respect for students in class room.
If a single word had to be chosen to describe the goals of
science education during the past 30 years it would have to
Inquiry based learning
A student centered active learning focusing
on questioning, critical thinking & problem
solving, it is associated with idea
"Involve Me & I will understand".
Focus on (How we know what we know)
Indirect transfer of knowledge.
Teacher`s role (facilitating).
What is a scientist?
Are naturally curious and make a life out of
asking lots of questions
What does a scientist look like?
What does a scientist do?
What kinds of tools does a scientist use?
what kind of scientist you would like to be?
What is Scientist ?
"A scientist is a person who asks questions and
tries different ways to answer them”.
How do students perceptions of
science & scientists influence their
attitude toward learning science?
Every Young child is a small
Aristo: "talk to see you"
Scientists need to keep the observations and research they
The method they use to do this is called the scientific
The scientific method is a process of steps that helps
scientists find answers to problems or questions.
The first step in the scientific method is called
The hypotheses is the scientists best guess at what will
occur or happen in the experiment or thing being observed.
In order to test the hypotheses a scientist will repeat the
experiment several times to see if the results are the same
If the experiment is successful the hypotheses
will be predictable and repeat over and over.
The scientist will attempt to explain why this
and looking for evidence
to support the hypotheses.
If they find evidence to support the hypotheses,
it may lead to the discovery of a new theory or
law of science.
The scientific method
is a process for experimentation that is used
to explore observations and answer
Scientists use the scientific method to search
for cause and effect relationships in nature.
Do Background Research
Rather than starting from scratch in putting
together a plan for answering your question,
you want to be a savvy scientist using library
and Internet research to help you find the best
way to do things and insure that you
don't repeat mistakes from the past.
Construct a Hypothesis
A hypothesis is an educated guess about how
You must state your hypothesis in a way that
you can easily measure, and of course, your
hypothesis should be constructed
in a way to help you answer your original
Test Your Hypothesis by Doing
Your experiment tests whether your hypothesis
is true or false.
It is important for your experiment to be a fair
test. You conduct a fair test by making sure
that you change only one factor at a time
while keeping all other conditions the same
You should also repeat your experiments
several times to make sure that the first
results weren't just an accident.
To complete your science fair project you will
communicate your results to others in a final
report and/or a display board.
Professional scientists do almost exactly the
same thing by publishing their final report in a
scientific journal or by presenting their results
on a poster at a scientific meeting.
Analyze Your Data and Draw a
Once your experiment is complete, you collect
your measurements and analyze them to see
if your hypothesis is true or false.
Scientists often find that their hypothesis was
false, and in such cases they will construct a
new hypothesis starting the entire process of
the scientific method over again.
Even if they find that their hypothesis was true,
they may want to test it again in a new way.
1. Be organized!
Once you want to carry out an experiment, there are plenty of
things to set up before you start.
First Step A place to work
If you want to carry out experiments successfully, you’d better
set your own laboratory. You’ll need a large space to work,
the most important thing you’ll need, is a large table or a
working surface. And try to set a cupboard where you’ll
keep materials and equipment required for your
experiments, to keep them tidy and safe.
To set up your work area remember not to get in the way of
making a mess. You must protect your work surface with a
And here’s how to organize your work
2. keeping a record of your
Science is like a puzzle.
Every experiment and every thing you read is like
a small piece of knowledge.
You’ll need to keep a record of your work after any
experiment, so that you remember what you
have learned and you create your own puzzle.
You can keep your own file, where you make notes
about your experiments and any other scientific
data you have learned. And you may need these
records later, so make sure they are clear.
3. Choosing your
At the beginning of each activity you want to do,
you must decide the materials you need.
It’s better to collect everything together on your
work surface before you begin.
If you have somewhere to store all your materials,
you could start a collection of materials.
That way you won’t have to spend much time
searching around for them when you need
4. Working safely
Always remember that if you work carelessly, you
could hurt yourself and other people.
Safety for yourself
If you’re using a sharp or heavy equipment, or using
anything hot, remember to be careful with your
fingers and you hands, and be careful not to spill
any hot substances on your body.
Never use the main electricity supplies. Always use a
battery with the correct voltage you need.
Be extra careful not to get any powders or liquids in
your eyes. If something does accidentally squirt or
blow into your eyes, rinse them immediately with
lots of cold water and tell a doctor what has
Teachers, could you use a little help? From finding high-quality,
standards-based lessons and classroom activities, to staying on
top of the issues, to finding professional development
opportunities, educators are always on the lookout for useful
opportunities to improve teaching and learning.
It's important for teachers to stay current on research and
continuing education and to be aware of new and valuable
resources for the classroom. Educational resources abound
both on and off the Internet, from government agencies to
nonprofit organizations. So how can you stay on top of
important news without having to search everywhere? Look to
sites that speak to you directly as teachers and that are
sponsored by credible and authoritative organizations.
Interested in more? Check out these additional
AAAS Project 2061
National Science Teachers Association
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics
Eisenhower National Clearinghouse
Snapshots of Science and Medicine
National Science Foundation – Educators' Page
A Teacher's Guide to Homework Tips for Parents
What do Parents Need to Know to Get Involved?
Elementary Education Science Resources on the
Educating about Agriculture