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Childhood

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Nutritional needs in children-PE/Health Sciences

Nutritional needs in children-PE/Health Sciences

Published in Education , Health & Medicine
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  • 1. Childhood Overall health
  • 2. Growing pains…  As children begin to grow, their nutritional needs also grow. Notice the caloric intake also needs to grow every few years as well depending on physical activity.
  • 3. Caloric needs  Ages 2-3 Calories: 1,000 to 1,400  Ages 4-8 Calories: 1,200-1,800  Ages 9-13 (girls) 1,600-2,200  Ages 9-13 (boys) 1,800-2,600  Ages 14-18 (girls) 1,800-2,400  Ages 14-18 (boys) 2,200-3,200
  • 4. Nutritional needs:  At the early growth stages the following are the most important nutrients:  Calcium  Magnesium  Potassium  Iron Protein, carbs and good fats are also key to healthy growth.
  • 5. Magnesium:  This mineral may even be more important than calcium because it is a catalyst for calcium absorption and balance as well as for enzyme activity.  It also regulates blood pressure and children with lower amounts are often quite cranky.  It helps to break down carbs in the body too and provides balance to the child’s overall health.
  • 6. Calcium:  Calcium is important to the growth of strong bones, teeth, hair and nails.  It is also important for the growth of healthy muscles and nerves.  Calcium also helps blood to clot properly.
  • 7. Potassium  Supports muscle growth, healthy cell production and a healthy heart.  Many children do not get the necessary amounts of potassium  Lack of potassium will cause low blood pressure, muscle cramps, fatigue, irritability and long term lack may lead to stroke, heart disease and kidney stones.
  • 8. Iron  Iron is essential to healthy blood cells and this is important to the immune system, the muscles, the GI system and the entire human body.  Imagine Oxygen deprived cells and you will have an iron deficiency.
  • 9. Habits  How many of you have regular family meals or had them as you were growing up?  What is the importance of this to your overall view of food and nutrition?
  • 10. Conversation  Is conversation important? Does it affect how you view nutrition?
  • 11. Are growth spurts real?  Yes, they are. As children near a growth spurt, you may notice an increase in appetite and activity level.  Once they have that spurt, the appetite and activity level even out again.  During these spurts, energy demands increase, which is why children eat more. Some actually become less active before the growth spurt, but this evens out after the growth.
  • 12. Common growth:
  • 13. A little chuckle…
  • 14. Negative influences…  Junk food junkies
  • 15. Effectiveness  Does the media play that much of a role in junk food consumption?  Let’s look at some of the ads that sell to children and see what happens… http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Jlv 1c-3JeM
  • 16. Reality:  http://www.kelloggsnutrition.com/learn -about-labels/kellogg-gdas.aspx  Let’s analyze this…  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hIe kPSDY1VA&feature=related
  • 17. Why is family health important in relation to these ads?  Discussion
  • 18. How does this affect American Children Overall?  Let’s read…  Discuss…  Is there merit to this claim?  If so, what can a parent do to prevent toxins from hurting their child?