Meningococcal Meningitis By: Donavin, Sofia, Ingrid, Mary, Destiny
Defined <ul><li>Inflammation of the meninges (the membranes covering of the brain and spinal cord) due to infection with t...
Symptoms <ul><li>Meningococcal meningiti starts with flu like symptoms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intense headache </li></ul><...
Symptoms in infants <ul><li>Symptoms in infants may be subtle:  </li></ul><ul><li>They might include: </li></ul><ul><ul><l...
Diagnosis <ul><li>At the first suspicion of meningococcal meningitis consider it a medical emergency.  </li></ul><ul><li>T...
Treatment <ul><li>Admission to a hospital is necessary. To prevent serious neurologic morbidity and death, immediate insti...
Prevention <ul><li>A vaccine called meningococcal polysaccharide is used to prevent infection by certain groups of meningo...
Who is affected
Management <ul><li>The length of treatment varies with the organism being treated, ranging from one to three weeks. If bac...
Future Health <ul><li>Worldwide: </li></ul><ul><li>The UK is working with the US with the help of a grant.  “ Meningitis U...
Public Health Implications <ul><li>Vaccines are readily available in hospitals throughout the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Rules...
References
References cont.
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Meningitis Powerpoint

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Symptoms, diagnoses, treatment, and prevention of meningococal meningitis.

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Meningitis Powerpoint

  1. 1. Meningococcal Meningitis By: Donavin, Sofia, Ingrid, Mary, Destiny
  2. 2. Defined <ul><li>Inflammation of the meninges (the membranes covering of the brain and spinal cord) due to infection with the meningococcus bacterium: Neisseria meningitidis. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Symptoms <ul><li>Meningococcal meningiti starts with flu like symptoms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intense headache </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fever </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sore throat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nausea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vomiting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stiff neck </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Within a few hours: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delirium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coma </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Convulsions </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Symptoms in infants <ul><li>Symptoms in infants may be subtle: </li></ul><ul><li>They might include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Irritability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tiredness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor Feeding </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Diagnosis <ul><li>At the first suspicion of meningococcal meningitis consider it a medical emergency. </li></ul><ul><li>The diagnosis is made through the examination of the spinal fluid collected through a spinal tap. </li></ul><ul><li>This is crucial to identifying the type. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Treatment <ul><li>Admission to a hospital is necessary. To prevent serious neurologic morbidity and death, immediate institution of antibiotic therapy is essential when the diagnosis of bacterial meningitis is suspected. Surgery may be necessary for the management of complications, such as subdural effusions, empyema, and hydrocephalus. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Prevention <ul><li>A vaccine called meningococcal polysaccharide is used to prevent infection by certain groups of meningococcal bacteria. The vaccine works by causing the body to produce its own antibodies against the disease. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Who is affected
  9. 9. Management <ul><li>The length of treatment varies with the organism being treated, ranging from one to three weeks. If bacterial meningitis is suspected, antibiotics must be started immediately, even before results from the lumbar puncture, blood tests, and imaging studies have been completed or returned. The following categories of medications will be used or considered in the case of bacterial meningitis: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Antibiotics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Corticosteriods </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Diazepam and/or phenytoin if seizures occur  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rifampin is given to household contacts of those with meningococcal meningitis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Herpes simplex virus type 2 may be treated with acyclovir, but it is not clear that this changes the course of the illness. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HIV meningitis may be treated with antiretroviral drugs. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Future Health <ul><li>Worldwide: </li></ul><ul><li>The UK is working with the US with the help of a grant. “ Meningitis UK's” current research strategy focuses on funding excellent-quality, innovative, high-risk research with the ultimate aim of eradicating all forms of meningitis (including meningococcal, pneumococcal and streptococcal group B infections) and associated diseases. </li></ul><ul><li>Applications are open to established research groups based exclusively in the UK with a track record in vaccine related studies and other preventative strategies. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Public Health Implications <ul><li>Vaccines are readily available in hospitals throughout the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Rules have been implemented in the public education system requiring vaccination before entry </li></ul><ul><li>Educate the public about the disease </li></ul><ul><li>In the case of an epidemic, all 1-29 year-olds are vaccinated </li></ul>
  12. 12. References
  13. 13. References cont.

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