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Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration
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Bag Of Tricks - Presentation Narration

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2nd in a series. This one covers what I know about narrating for presentations.

2nd in a series. This one covers what I know about narrating for presentations.

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  • Great presentation
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  • Excellent material for someone like me who does voiceover tasks but not very knowledgeable in the technical aspect. Thanks!
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  • great stuff A1
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  • Thanks for putting this together and breaking it down into terms a guy like me can understand. Very good job with this.
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  • I say thats a Thumbs up Grasshopper
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  • Transcript

    • 1. Presentation Narration Don Weatherbee
    • 2. So you want to add sound to your awesome PPT
    • 3. And you’ve decided to add a personal touch to your work
    • 4. And only your velvet smooth voice will work
    • 5. Well, grasshopper, there’ll be some costs Kung Fu 1972 - 1975 David Carradine 1936 - 2009
    • 6. Costs ??
    • 7. Ah, grasshopper, I see the confused look on your face
    • 8. Let’s us see if the language of tables will help to show you the path
    • 9. The Voice Equipment & Software In-House Free $50 to $1000 Professional $100/hr 2-5 hrs per 30 min of narration Free
    • 10. In-House ??
    • 11. Ah, yes, grasshopper, always better to do the task yourself
    • 12.  
    • 13. <ul><li>Tech Info </li></ul><ul><li>Gear </li></ul><ul><li>Software </li></ul><ul><li>Narration Tips </li></ul>but there’ll be some learnin’ to do!
    • 14. Technology is hard
    • 15. It is not our way grasshopper, but the world is changing, so we adapt
    • 16. Adapt ??
    • 17. A short history of sound, may help you see the way
    • 18. <ul><li>Very Short </li></ul>A Short History of Sound
    • 19. In the beginning
    • 20. there was Sound
    • 21. and it was fine FOOD!
    • 22. then came Analog Thomas Edison 1847 - 1931
    • 23. and was hailed as good
    • 24. so then Stereo came to us
    • 25. and this was better
    • 26. and so in the fullest of time
    • 27. Digital was given on to us
    • 28. and much rejoicing was had
    • 29. but wonders did not cease
    • 30. as mp3’s entered our world
    • 31. and much sharing was had
    • 32. and thus in the end,
    • 33. it came on to us, to add sound
    • 34. … to our presentations
    • 35. thus greater understanding
    • 36. … was had by all Warning Tech Stuff Incoming
    • 37. So where to start ??? <ul><li>Helps to know more about sound </li></ul>
    • 38. Analog vs. Digital <ul><li>When source is analog (tape, vinyl), </li></ul><ul><li>quality is lost as you take it to digital (computer) </li></ul><ul><li>Start digital, no losses until you encode down </li></ul>Bloomingdales 1904
    • 39. Does Stereo Matter? <ul><li>Sure does - with 2 ears & 2 sides of the brain, it just sounds better  </li></ul>
    • 40. Stereo Perception <ul><li>It’s louder in the one ear compared to the other </li></ul><ul><li>(Volume differential) </li></ul>
    • 41. <ul><li>It gets to one ear before the other </li></ul><ul><li>(Time arrival delta) </li></ul>Stereo Perception
    • 42. So lets get small…
    • 43. … and into the wave we go… 228 sec This is a wave file
    • 44. … to the great below… 3.8 sec
    • 45. … and down …. 0.25 sec
    • 46. … and down we go… 0.06 sec
    • 47. ..till we hit a data point 0.001 sec
    • 48. Sound is Data How much, well that depends…
    • 49. … on Sampling Rate… <ul><li>22 kHz – Radio </li></ul><ul><li>44.1 kHz – CD </li></ul><ul><li>96 kHz – DVD </li></ul>kHz = 1000 Samples per Second Higher rate, more data For voice..
    • 50. … and Bit Depth <ul><li>8 bit - Radio </li></ul><ul><li>16 bit - CD </li></ul><ul><li>32 bit - DVD </li></ul>Higher depth, more data Establishes amplitude resolution I use this..
    • 51. <ul><li>Carry the raw data as long as you can… </li></ul><ul><li>… then encode down as needed at the end </li></ul>Start High, End Low
    • 52. The nicer the… … the better the sound you want
    • 53. <ul><li>But in the end, sound must just be good enough… </li></ul>
    • 54. Record & edit as a Wav <ul><li>Save as an mp3 </li></ul>
    • 55. Wav vs. mp3 <ul><li>You give up some quality, </li></ul><ul><li>but get greatly reduced size </li></ul>
    • 56. <ul><li>Wav = </li></ul><ul><li>Raw Sound </li></ul>What’s the Diff ? mp3 = Zip Files for Sound Drop off after 16kHz
    • 57. People only hear so much
    • 58. <ul><li>Most speech is in the 2 to 4 kHz range </li></ul><ul><li>Losing 16 kHz + on the encoding, not a big deal </li></ul>So people don’t miss it
    • 59. mp3 Encoding Engines =< 192 Kb/sec >= 192 Kb/sec Built into commercial sound engineering software Shareware, Open Source http://lame.sourceforge.net/
    • 60. File Size (mb) Bitrate (Kb/sec) 32 -Audible 64 - Vocals 192 - CD Lame FhG 356 - DVD Both good to 192
    • 61. Bitrate (kb/sec) to use <ul><li>Uploading to 64 to 128 </li></ul><ul><li>Encoding to AVI 192 minimum </li></ul><ul><li>Encoding to FLV 96 to 128 </li></ul>Guidelines only
    • 62. Ok, enough Tech
    • 63. Hardware ??
    • 64. No, grasshopper, not hardware like the stone hammer. You make me laugh, you do.
    • 65. Into the Computer > > Soundcard Soundchip
    • 66. Into the Computer > > Soundcard Soundchip Really get one, it’s worth it
    • 67. Types of Mics <ul><li>Dynamic / moving coil mics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheap </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Condenser mics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More expensive and better </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Require power & preamp </li></ul></ul>Cyber Acoustics AC-850 AKG Perception 120 Mic My Mic 
    • 68. Pickup (or polar) pattern <ul><ul><li>Omni </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Directional (Cardioid) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bi-directional </li></ul></ul>Preferred
    • 69. Microphone Placement <ul><li>Close but not too close, Darth Vader breathing will not go over well </li></ul>
    • 70. Stand & Echo Screen <ul><li>Softens the hard “p” and “b” </li></ul>Reduces noise due to vibration I use this.. and this..
    • 71. USB Pre-Amp Instrument Input Gain Control Headphone Out Headphone Volume Control Phantom Power Switch USB Port Stereo Line Out Unbalanced Output Stereo Mic Input Instrument Input XLR Mic Input and this..
    • 72. The Wires XLR Cable USB Cable
    • 73. Set Both
    • 74. Pick This
    • 75. Then This
    • 76. And Then This
    • 77. Hit OK
    • 78. And finally… This defines how loud the mic will be Too high, overclipping (Very Bad) Too Low, too quiet (Not good either)
    • 79. Soundcard
    • 80.  
    • 81. Microphone
    • 82.  
    • 83. USB PreAmp
    • 84.  
    • 85. XRL Cable
    • 86.  
    • 87. Windows Sound Figured Out PRICELESS 
    • 88. Is narrating any easier ?
    • 89. Yes, grasshopper, but you will have to talk for it to work. Here are some guidelines.
    • 90. Be consistent with phrases “ Don’t” or “Do Not” Try not. Do or do not. There is no try.
    • 91. Avoid Slang <ul><li>Who is the audience ? </li></ul>So like this dude was totally not cool, as if….
    • 92. Sound natural, don’t imitate another voice, use your own
    • 93. Make a Script I do this always
    • 94. Script Deviations <ul><li>Minimize, but do as needed to sound natural </li></ul>
    • 95. Posture <ul><li>Get Comfortable… </li></ul>but not too…. Stand or Sit Straight – Let diaphragm expand fully
    • 96. Avoid Noise
    • 97. Sound Insulation http://voiceoveressentials.com/ Good for reducing noise in the recording
    • 98. <ul><li>Morning, Noon or Night </li></ul>Our voices vary through the day
    • 99. <ul><li>Just not a morning person when it comes to narration, or at least my voice isn’t ! </li></ul>I’m better in the afternoon
    • 100. <ul><li>You’ll sound better while you narrate – Really! </li></ul>Smile and Be Happy
    • 101. <ul><li>Lubricate the vocal cords, you’ll be working them hard </li></ul><ul><li>Water >> Soda or Milk </li></ul>
    • 102. Record in a one sitting After all we are not stage actors or professionals are we ?
    • 103. <ul><li>Also voices will vary from day to day </li></ul>
    • 104. Slide 5 Put 5 sec gaps in as you go Easier to see where to save out later
    • 105. <ul><li>Aim for 10 to 60 sec of narration per slide </li></ul>
    • 106. <ul><li>Stuff happens – pause for a few sec, and keep going </li></ul>I’m good at this! Can always cut out the mistake(s) later
    • 107. Recording with PPT Oxymoron
    • 108. Use a real program for sound CoolEdit aka Adobe Audition
    • 109. Settings In & Out <ul><li>Set these before recording </li></ul>USB PreAmp Soundcard
    • 110. Start a New Recording My Settings
    • 111. New Recording Pause Record Used mostly
    • 112. Do a Sound Check
    • 113. When recording DO NOT allow the volume level to exceed these lines
    • 114. Else you get overclipping, and this is bad
    • 115. Part 2 If overclipping, lower Windows sound input a bit and try again This control is sensitive and may take a few tries
    • 116. One Mic – One Track - Mono Two Mic – Two Tracks - Stereo
    • 117. But, but you said one mic I can’t afford two of them, I don’t even carry money! Dr. Who (10 th ) 2005 - 2010
    • 118. No problem, grasshopper Follow these Simple Steps
    • 119. Record the narration
    • 120. Ctrl-A to Select Upper Track
    • 121. Ctrl-C to Copy Upper Track
    • 122. Select Lower Track
    • 123. Ctrl-A to Select Lower Track
    • 124. Ctrl-V to Copy to Lower Track
    • 125. Look at that, Mono to Stereo (poor man’s style)
    • 126. Save As Wav File
    • 127. “ Post Production” …these terms seem alien to me, master
    • 128. True, grasshopper, but nothing is ever prefect the first time
    • 129. <ul><li>Narration always needs some fixing </li></ul>Clean Up on Aisle 4
    • 130. Noise Reduction Highlight a section of a 5 sec gap
    • 131. <ul><li>Get a profile from the 5 sec gap </li></ul>
    • 132. <ul><li>Set the amount of Noise Reduction </li></ul>
    • 133. <ul><li>And apply to the 5 sec gap </li></ul>
    • 134. Then Select Entire Wave
    • 135. <ul><li>Then apply the 5 sec profile to it </li></ul>
    • 136. Careful, Grasshopper 40% Noise Reduction using 5 sec gap profile 40% Noise Reduction using entire wav profile
    • 137. Silence Highlight a section And apply silence as needed
    • 138. Click, Pop and Hiss Removal Usually this one
    • 139. Overclipping This is bad 
    • 140. Lots of Overclipping Lower the input and retry Spend time on the sound check to avoid this
    • 141. Some Overclipping I use this Use sparingly
    • 142. Save each slide out as an mp3
    • 143. Use a Topic – SlideXX.mp3 naming scheme Easier to attach sound files later To set encoding I use this
    • 144. Normalizing <ul><li>Do after you have all the mp3’s saved out </li></ul><ul><li>Use mp3Gain – makes all mp3 have same loudness </li></ul>http://mp3gain.sourceforge.net/
    • 145. Add Files
    • 146. Do Track Analysis
    • 147. Results of Track Analysis
    • 148. Apply Track Gain
    • 149. Now all tracks have same volume
    • 150. Danger, Will Robinson, Danger <ul><li>Don’t over “clean” the WAV file </li></ul><ul><li>Been there, done that  </li></ul>Lost in Space 1965 - 1968
    • 151. So with this knowledge, I too may do YouTube, master
    • 152. Perhaps, grasshopper, perhaps
    • 153. PPT 2007 Sound
    • 154. PPT 2003 Sound
    • 155. Custom Animation <ul><li>But this is for a future presentation… </li></ul>Sound object on the time line
    • 156. Go to Moving Pictures <ul><li>PPT with sound / custom timings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Convert to Flash (YouTube) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Convert to Movie (AVI, DVD) </li></ul></ul>Camtasia ( www.techsmith.com )
    • 157. PPT converted to Flash example http://tinyurl.com/bep8dh I did this 
    • 158. So grasshopper, what have you learned from this lesson today?
    • 159. Patience in all things, master ??
    • 160. Hmm, let’s review this lesson
    • 161.  
    • 162. Anyone can narrate and I mean anyone
    • 163. But nothing is ….
    • 164. So get the right gear with a decent soundcard
    • 165. Plus the right software Any of these will do, they all have the same basic capabilities And get ….
    • 166. Go to town with your voice
    • 167. Add some spice into your PPT
    • 168. Ah, I see master, anyone can do narrations for their work
    • 169. Yes, grasshopper, almost anyone, but I think your path lies elsewhere
    • 170. So this show be done…
    • 171. … and The Fat Lady has NOT left the building ! Ella Fitzgerald 1917 - 1996
    • 172. Photo Credits Slide # Link Slide # Link 1 Source Unknown 79 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/36/Soundcard_Audigy_LS_ubt.jpg 2 http://www.filterforge.com/filters/661-seamless.html 80 http://www.thepowersofmlm.com/images/020902-simple-red-glossy-icon-symbols-shapes-check-mark6-ps.png 3 http://www.mediasystemsus.com/cool%20microphone.jpg 81 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c0/Microphone_%C3%A9lectrostatique.jpg 4 http://customersrock.files.wordpress.com/2007/01/mouth-headset.jpg 83 http://www.jwpepper.com/jpg/10072849.jpg 12 http://www.bestdirect.tv/images/products/How2_DIY_1000.jpg 85 http://www.pachd.com/free-images/technology-images/xlr-cable-01.jpg 13 http://www.russianarts.org/rno/img/b_fotos/pentatone1.jpg 87 http://fc01.deviantart.com/fs30/f/2008/061/3/4/Blue_Screen_Of_Death_by_IMustBeDead.jpg 19 http://www.ucdesigners.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2009/03/stockxpertcom_id21589-world1-1024x794.jpg 90 http://starwars.wikia.com/wiki/File:Yodalukedagobah.jpg 20 http://www.fielddrums.com/uploaded_images/Abner-Stevens-Drum-746882.jpg 91 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/79/UN_62nd_General_Assembly.jpg 21 http://www.mortons.com/gallery/FoodShots/full/BurgerWithNoBeer.jpg 92 http://www.waky1035.com/TributetoPaulHarvey.asp 21 http://www.chuckypita.com/wp-content/uploads/homer1.jpg 94 http://www.flickr.com/photos/eelkedekker/3244003790/sizes/o/ 22 http://kelso.stormfront.org/Kelsoimages/edison1.jpg 95 http://www.britishvoiceovertalent.com/images/4_09ih.jpg 23 http://www.goodhumour.co.uk/260906/TwistCover.gif 96 http://image05.webshots.com/5/2/35/71/103223571TFvlRI_fs.jpg 24 http://angiescreams.files.wordpress.com/2009/04/dark_side_of_the_moon_desktop_by_ezsteve.jpg 96 http://cdn-write.demandstudios.com/upload/9000/400/80/0/29480.jpg 25 http://www.wpclipart.com/sign_language/thumbs_up.png 96 http://cornerstork.files.wordpress.com/2008/05/crying_baby.jpg 26 http://www-cvr.ai.uiuc.edu/~slazebni/personal_page/scrapbook/images/coffee_time.jpg 97 http://www.harlanhogan.com/images/portaboothFullFront.jpg 27 http://www.venetio.de/heimkinoschilder/dd.jpg 98 http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3214/2283676770_6b53f8b77f_b.jpg 28 http://www.tubeyak.com/images/wallpapers/300/300SoldiersRejoicing.jpg 99 http://www.mrsite.co.uk/usersitesv9/unplaceproject.com/wwwroot/USERIMAGES/robb-yawn.jpg 29 Source Unknown 100 http://pixdaus.com/pics/1226706991NtVmtC6.jpg 30 http://images.wikio.com/images/s/205/sansa-fuze.jpeg 101 http://blog.fpst.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/glass.jpg 32 http://gallery.photo.net/photo/5828063-lg.jpg 102 http://www.russianarts.org/rno/img/b_fotos/banderas2.jpg 33 http://www.lclsonline.org/animation_station/images/instruction/sound.gif 103 http://kelatlifepoint.files.wordpress.com/2009/08/seasoned-trees1.jpeg 35 http://blog.teenmentalhealth.org/wp-content/uploads/2008/11/brain.jpg 105 http://azap.se/bilder/stopwatch_big.jpg 36 http://media.kickstatic.com/kickapps/images/82244/photos/PHOTO_2669274_82244_4601990_main.jpg 106 http://www.oopswines.com/media/art/oops_billboard.jpg 37 http://www.studyancestors.com/images/where_to_begin.jpg 112 http://usa.mapexdrums.com/images/news/NJPAC_300.jpg 38 http://www.malachirecords.com/www/wp-content/uploads/2008/08/bloomingdales-record-shop1904.jpg 116 http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3065/3114645080_59c0898f53_b.jpg 39 http://www.waytogoal.com/Portals/0/images/megaphone.jpg 117 http://blogs.amctv.com/scifi-scanner/whatsupdoc.jpg 40 Source Unknown 118 http://westbr.fatcow.com/stone%20steps%20in%20front%20of%20front%20walkway.jpg 41 Source Unknown 125 http://my3boysandi.files.wordpress.com/2008/06/bigstockphoto_surprised_woman_912167.jpg 42 http://www.catalystforyouth.org/images/***Down%20the%20Rabbit%20Hole.jpg 129 http://www.electronicsunset.org/sites/electronicsunset.org/files/images/bucket-flt-web.jpg 42 http://lostarg.files.wordpress.com/2009/05/white-rabbit.jpg 144 http://www.artlebedev.com/posters/candles/candles-1600x1200.jpg 48 http://ny-image3.etsy.com/il_fullxfull.52225247.jpg 144 http://studentorgs.utexas.edu/aidaustin/resource/Tshirt_designs/T-shirt2_candles_FLAT.jpg 51 http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Backpacking_-_GPN-2000-001156.jpg 150 http://image42.webshots.com/42/8/31/47/359383147fhMcYc_fs.jpg 52 http://cyfa.co.kr/data/file/market_1/2038507958_8b8d5fab_cs252_121ffff.jpg 161 http://farm1.static.flickr.com/107/275951685_46ebed9875_o.jpg 53 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/59/Ruído_Noise_041113GFDL.JPG 162 http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3591/3617429381_ae4e1f590c_o.jpg 54 http://wallpapers.free-review.net/wallpapers/42/Big_wave.jpg 163 http://farm1.static.flickr.com/163/346519139_4af4e316de_o.jpg 55 http://www.brobproductions.com/bigstockphoto_Sound_Waves_1345039.jpg 164 http://www.audiogeekzine.com/wp-content/uploads/2007/06/pop-filter-1.JPG 56 Source Unknown 165 http://media.photobucket.com/image/adobe+audition+3/lytieuly1122/au1.jpg?o=6 57 http://www.vanderbilt.edu/exploration/resources/shapematters_range_800.jpg 165 http://pslan.kiev.ua/torrents/images/510340.jpg 58 http://www.dbsalliance.org/images/content/pagebuilder/21263.jpg 165 http://www.socrimex.com/pictos/Audacity.JPG 62 http://www.timothysykes.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/05/happyface.jpg 166 http://www.voiceoverxtra.com/images/Deb_in_the_studio%20cropped.gif 65 http://au.creative.com/images/corporate/artwork/hires_AudigyValue_box.jpg 167 http://www.olgica.com/albums/Egypt-and-Jordan-Louise-s/301Market_spices_indigo.jpg 65 http://www.techpowerup.com/reviews/AOpen/i945Ga-PHS/images/satachip.jpg 170 http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3069/2428847785_d17b77c0de_o.jpg 69 http://media.photobucket.com/image/microphone%20placement/lindyshoots/wuogmicface.jpg 171 http://jazzinphoto.files.wordpress.com/2009/03/ella-fitzgerald-milano-68.jpg 72 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