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  • Great presentation
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  • Excellent material for someone like me who does voiceover tasks but not very knowledgeable in the technical aspect. Thanks!
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  • great stuff A1
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  • Thanks for putting this together and breaking it down into terms a guy like me can understand. Very good job with this.
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  • I say thats a Thumbs up Grasshopper
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  • http://www.filterforge.com/filters/661-seamless.html
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  • http://customersrock.files.wordpress.com/2007/01/mouth-headset.jpg
  • Audacity (Free) vs Audition ($340) USB Mic ($50) vs Professional Mic ($300) Mic Stand, Echo Screen ($60) USB PreAmp ($150-200)
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  • Pickup (or polar) pattern Omni – good for recording groups in a good room. Also great when put in the middle of a drum kit. Can be used as excellent vox mic. Example: Earthworks QTC1 Pickup (or polar) pattern Directional (Cardioid) – pickup pattern helps isolate the sound and avoid “bleeding” Usually used for VOX and close micing instruments Example: Shure SM58, AKG Perception 120 Pickup (or polar) pattern Bi-Directional (Figure 8) Known for a smooth sound. Common in the 30s and 40s. Often used with vocalists on each side of the mic. Example: RCA 44, Royer 122, AKG 414
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Transcript

  • 1. Presentation Narration Don Weatherbee
  • 2. So you want to add sound to your awesome PPT
  • 3. And you’ve decided to add a personal touch to your work
  • 4. And only your velvet smooth voice will work
  • 5. Well, grasshopper, there’ll be some costs Kung Fu 1972 - 1975 David Carradine 1936 - 2009
  • 6. Costs ??
  • 7. Ah, grasshopper, I see the confused look on your face
  • 8. Let’s us see if the language of tables will help to show you the path
  • 9. The Voice Equipment & Software In-House Free $50 to $1000 Professional $100/hr 2-5 hrs per 30 min of narration Free
  • 10. In-House ??
  • 11. Ah, yes, grasshopper, always better to do the task yourself
  • 12.  
  • 13.
    • Tech Info
    • Gear
    • Software
    • Narration Tips
    but there’ll be some learnin’ to do!
  • 14. Technology is hard
  • 15. It is not our way grasshopper, but the world is changing, so we adapt
  • 16. Adapt ??
  • 17. A short history of sound, may help you see the way
  • 18.
    • Very Short
    A Short History of Sound
  • 19. In the beginning
  • 20. there was Sound
  • 21. and it was fine FOOD!
  • 22. then came Analog Thomas Edison 1847 - 1931
  • 23. and was hailed as good
  • 24. so then Stereo came to us
  • 25. and this was better
  • 26. and so in the fullest of time
  • 27. Digital was given on to us
  • 28. and much rejoicing was had
  • 29. but wonders did not cease
  • 30. as mp3’s entered our world
  • 31. and much sharing was had
  • 32. and thus in the end,
  • 33. it came on to us, to add sound
  • 34. … to our presentations
  • 35. thus greater understanding
  • 36. … was had by all Warning Tech Stuff Incoming
  • 37. So where to start ???
    • Helps to know more about sound
  • 38. Analog vs. Digital
    • When source is analog (tape, vinyl),
    • quality is lost as you take it to digital (computer)
    • Start digital, no losses until you encode down
    Bloomingdales 1904
  • 39. Does Stereo Matter?
    • Sure does - with 2 ears & 2 sides of the brain, it just sounds better 
  • 40. Stereo Perception
    • It’s louder in the one ear compared to the other
    • (Volume differential)
  • 41.
    • It gets to one ear before the other
    • (Time arrival delta)
    Stereo Perception
  • 42. So lets get small…
  • 43. … and into the wave we go… 228 sec This is a wave file
  • 44. … to the great below… 3.8 sec
  • 45. … and down …. 0.25 sec
  • 46. … and down we go… 0.06 sec
  • 47. ..till we hit a data point 0.001 sec
  • 48. Sound is Data How much, well that depends…
  • 49. … on Sampling Rate…
    • 22 kHz – Radio
    • 44.1 kHz – CD
    • 96 kHz – DVD
    kHz = 1000 Samples per Second Higher rate, more data For voice..
  • 50. … and Bit Depth
    • 8 bit - Radio
    • 16 bit - CD
    • 32 bit - DVD
    Higher depth, more data Establishes amplitude resolution I use this..
  • 51.
    • Carry the raw data as long as you can…
    • … then encode down as needed at the end
    Start High, End Low
  • 52. The nicer the… … the better the sound you want
  • 53.
    • But in the end, sound must just be good enough…
  • 54. Record & edit as a Wav
    • Save as an mp3
  • 55. Wav vs. mp3
    • You give up some quality,
    • but get greatly reduced size
  • 56.
    • Wav =
    • Raw Sound
    What’s the Diff ? mp3 = Zip Files for Sound Drop off after 16kHz
  • 57. People only hear so much
  • 58.
    • Most speech is in the 2 to 4 kHz range
    • Losing 16 kHz + on the encoding, not a big deal
    So people don’t miss it
  • 59. mp3 Encoding Engines =< 192 Kb/sec >= 192 Kb/sec Built into commercial sound engineering software Shareware, Open Source http://lame.sourceforge.net/
  • 60. File Size (mb) Bitrate (Kb/sec) 32 -Audible 64 - Vocals 192 - CD Lame FhG 356 - DVD Both good to 192
  • 61. Bitrate (kb/sec) to use
    • Uploading to 64 to 128
    • Encoding to AVI 192 minimum
    • Encoding to FLV 96 to 128
    Guidelines only
  • 62. Ok, enough Tech
  • 63. Hardware ??
  • 64. No, grasshopper, not hardware like the stone hammer. You make me laugh, you do.
  • 65. Into the Computer > > Soundcard Soundchip
  • 66. Into the Computer > > Soundcard Soundchip Really get one, it’s worth it
  • 67. Types of Mics
    • Dynamic / moving coil mics
      • Cheap
    • Condenser mics
      • More expensive and better
      • Require power & preamp
    Cyber Acoustics AC-850 AKG Perception 120 Mic My Mic 
  • 68. Pickup (or polar) pattern
      • Omni
      • Directional (Cardioid)
      • Bi-directional
    Preferred
  • 69. Microphone Placement
    • Close but not too close, Darth Vader breathing will not go over well
  • 70. Stand & Echo Screen
    • Softens the hard “p” and “b”
    Reduces noise due to vibration I use this.. and this..
  • 71. USB Pre-Amp Instrument Input Gain Control Headphone Out Headphone Volume Control Phantom Power Switch USB Port Stereo Line Out Unbalanced Output Stereo Mic Input Instrument Input XLR Mic Input and this..
  • 72. The Wires XLR Cable USB Cable
  • 73. Set Both
  • 74. Pick This
  • 75. Then This
  • 76. And Then This
  • 77. Hit OK
  • 78. And finally… This defines how loud the mic will be Too high, overclipping (Very Bad) Too Low, too quiet (Not good either)
  • 79. Soundcard
  • 80.  
  • 81. Microphone
  • 82.  
  • 83. USB PreAmp
  • 84.  
  • 85. XRL Cable
  • 86.  
  • 87. Windows Sound Figured Out PRICELESS 
  • 88. Is narrating any easier ?
  • 89. Yes, grasshopper, but you will have to talk for it to work. Here are some guidelines.
  • 90. Be consistent with phrases “ Don’t” or “Do Not” Try not. Do or do not. There is no try.
  • 91. Avoid Slang
    • Who is the audience ?
    So like this dude was totally not cool, as if….
  • 92. Sound natural, don’t imitate another voice, use your own
  • 93. Make a Script I do this always
  • 94. Script Deviations
    • Minimize, but do as needed to sound natural
  • 95. Posture
    • Get Comfortable…
    but not too…. Stand or Sit Straight – Let diaphragm expand fully
  • 96. Avoid Noise
  • 97. Sound Insulation http://voiceoveressentials.com/ Good for reducing noise in the recording
  • 98.
    • Morning, Noon or Night
    Our voices vary through the day
  • 99.
    • Just not a morning person when it comes to narration, or at least my voice isn’t !
    I’m better in the afternoon
  • 100.
    • You’ll sound better while you narrate – Really!
    Smile and Be Happy
  • 101.
    • Lubricate the vocal cords, you’ll be working them hard
    • Water >> Soda or Milk
  • 102. Record in a one sitting After all we are not stage actors or professionals are we ?
  • 103.
    • Also voices will vary from day to day
  • 104. Slide 5 Put 5 sec gaps in as you go Easier to see where to save out later
  • 105.
    • Aim for 10 to 60 sec of narration per slide
  • 106.
    • Stuff happens – pause for a few sec, and keep going
    I’m good at this! Can always cut out the mistake(s) later
  • 107. Recording with PPT Oxymoron
  • 108. Use a real program for sound CoolEdit aka Adobe Audition
  • 109. Settings In & Out
    • Set these before recording
    USB PreAmp Soundcard
  • 110. Start a New Recording My Settings
  • 111. New Recording Pause Record Used mostly
  • 112. Do a Sound Check
  • 113. When recording DO NOT allow the volume level to exceed these lines
  • 114. Else you get overclipping, and this is bad
  • 115. Part 2 If overclipping, lower Windows sound input a bit and try again This control is sensitive and may take a few tries
  • 116. One Mic – One Track - Mono Two Mic – Two Tracks - Stereo
  • 117. But, but you said one mic I can’t afford two of them, I don’t even carry money! Dr. Who (10 th ) 2005 - 2010
  • 118. No problem, grasshopper Follow these Simple Steps
  • 119. Record the narration
  • 120. Ctrl-A to Select Upper Track
  • 121. Ctrl-C to Copy Upper Track
  • 122. Select Lower Track
  • 123. Ctrl-A to Select Lower Track
  • 124. Ctrl-V to Copy to Lower Track
  • 125. Look at that, Mono to Stereo (poor man’s style)
  • 126. Save As Wav File
  • 127. “ Post Production” …these terms seem alien to me, master
  • 128. True, grasshopper, but nothing is ever prefect the first time
  • 129.
    • Narration always needs some fixing
    Clean Up on Aisle 4
  • 130. Noise Reduction Highlight a section of a 5 sec gap
  • 131.
    • Get a profile from the 5 sec gap
  • 132.
    • Set the amount of Noise Reduction
  • 133.
    • And apply to the 5 sec gap
  • 134. Then Select Entire Wave
  • 135.
    • Then apply the 5 sec profile to it
  • 136. Careful, Grasshopper 40% Noise Reduction using 5 sec gap profile 40% Noise Reduction using entire wav profile
  • 137. Silence Highlight a section And apply silence as needed
  • 138. Click, Pop and Hiss Removal Usually this one
  • 139. Overclipping This is bad 
  • 140. Lots of Overclipping Lower the input and retry Spend time on the sound check to avoid this
  • 141. Some Overclipping I use this Use sparingly
  • 142. Save each slide out as an mp3
  • 143. Use a Topic – SlideXX.mp3 naming scheme Easier to attach sound files later To set encoding I use this
  • 144. Normalizing
    • Do after you have all the mp3’s saved out
    • Use mp3Gain – makes all mp3 have same loudness
    http://mp3gain.sourceforge.net/
  • 145. Add Files
  • 146. Do Track Analysis
  • 147. Results of Track Analysis
  • 148. Apply Track Gain
  • 149. Now all tracks have same volume
  • 150. Danger, Will Robinson, Danger
    • Don’t over “clean” the WAV file
    • Been there, done that 
    Lost in Space 1965 - 1968
  • 151. So with this knowledge, I too may do YouTube, master
  • 152. Perhaps, grasshopper, perhaps
  • 153. PPT 2007 Sound
  • 154. PPT 2003 Sound
  • 155. Custom Animation
    • But this is for a future presentation…
    Sound object on the time line
  • 156. Go to Moving Pictures
    • PPT with sound / custom timings
      • Convert to Flash (YouTube)
      • Convert to Movie (AVI, DVD)
    Camtasia ( www.techsmith.com )
  • 157. PPT converted to Flash example http://tinyurl.com/bep8dh I did this 
  • 158. So grasshopper, what have you learned from this lesson today?
  • 159. Patience in all things, master ??
  • 160. Hmm, let’s review this lesson
  • 161.  
  • 162. Anyone can narrate and I mean anyone
  • 163. But nothing is ….
  • 164. So get the right gear with a decent soundcard
  • 165. Plus the right software Any of these will do, they all have the same basic capabilities And get ….
  • 166. Go to town with your voice
  • 167. Add some spice into your PPT
  • 168. Ah, I see master, anyone can do narrations for their work
  • 169. Yes, grasshopper, almost anyone, but I think your path lies elsewhere
  • 170. So this show be done…
  • 171. … and The Fat Lady has NOT left the building ! Ella Fitzgerald 1917 - 1996
  • 172. Photo Credits Slide # Link Slide # Link 1 Source Unknown 79 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/36/Soundcard_Audigy_LS_ubt.jpg 2 http://www.filterforge.com/filters/661-seamless.html 80 http://www.thepowersofmlm.com/images/020902-simple-red-glossy-icon-symbols-shapes-check-mark6-ps.png 3 http://www.mediasystemsus.com/cool%20microphone.jpg 81 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c0/Microphone_%C3%A9lectrostatique.jpg 4 http://customersrock.files.wordpress.com/2007/01/mouth-headset.jpg 83 http://www.jwpepper.com/jpg/10072849.jpg 12 http://www.bestdirect.tv/images/products/How2_DIY_1000.jpg 85 http://www.pachd.com/free-images/technology-images/xlr-cable-01.jpg 13 http://www.russianarts.org/rno/img/b_fotos/pentatone1.jpg 87 http://fc01.deviantart.com/fs30/f/2008/061/3/4/Blue_Screen_Of_Death_by_IMustBeDead.jpg 19 http://www.ucdesigners.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2009/03/stockxpertcom_id21589-world1-1024x794.jpg 90 http://starwars.wikia.com/wiki/File:Yodalukedagobah.jpg 20 http://www.fielddrums.com/uploaded_images/Abner-Stevens-Drum-746882.jpg 91 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/79/UN_62nd_General_Assembly.jpg 21 http://www.mortons.com/gallery/FoodShots/full/BurgerWithNoBeer.jpg 92 http://www.waky1035.com/TributetoPaulHarvey.asp 21 http://www.chuckypita.com/wp-content/uploads/homer1.jpg 94 http://www.flickr.com/photos/eelkedekker/3244003790/sizes/o/ 22 http://kelso.stormfront.org/Kelsoimages/edison1.jpg 95 http://www.britishvoiceovertalent.com/images/4_09ih.jpg 23 http://www.goodhumour.co.uk/260906/TwistCover.gif 96 http://image05.webshots.com/5/2/35/71/103223571TFvlRI_fs.jpg 24 http://angiescreams.files.wordpress.com/2009/04/dark_side_of_the_moon_desktop_by_ezsteve.jpg 96 http://cdn-write.demandstudios.com/upload/9000/400/80/0/29480.jpg 25 http://www.wpclipart.com/sign_language/thumbs_up.png 96 http://cornerstork.files.wordpress.com/2008/05/crying_baby.jpg 26 http://www-cvr.ai.uiuc.edu/~slazebni/personal_page/scrapbook/images/coffee_time.jpg 97 http://www.harlanhogan.com/images/portaboothFullFront.jpg 27 http://www.venetio.de/heimkinoschilder/dd.jpg 98 http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3214/2283676770_6b53f8b77f_b.jpg 28 http://www.tubeyak.com/images/wallpapers/300/300SoldiersRejoicing.jpg 99 http://www.mrsite.co.uk/usersitesv9/unplaceproject.com/wwwroot/USERIMAGES/robb-yawn.jpg 29 Source Unknown 100 http://pixdaus.com/pics/1226706991NtVmtC6.jpg 30 http://images.wikio.com/images/s/205/sansa-fuze.jpeg 101 http://blog.fpst.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/glass.jpg 32 http://gallery.photo.net/photo/5828063-lg.jpg 102 http://www.russianarts.org/rno/img/b_fotos/banderas2.jpg 33 http://www.lclsonline.org/animation_station/images/instruction/sound.gif 103 http://kelatlifepoint.files.wordpress.com/2009/08/seasoned-trees1.jpeg 35 http://blog.teenmentalhealth.org/wp-content/uploads/2008/11/brain.jpg 105 http://azap.se/bilder/stopwatch_big.jpg 36 http://media.kickstatic.com/kickapps/images/82244/photos/PHOTO_2669274_82244_4601990_main.jpg 106 http://www.oopswines.com/media/art/oops_billboard.jpg 37 http://www.studyancestors.com/images/where_to_begin.jpg 112 http://usa.mapexdrums.com/images/news/NJPAC_300.jpg 38 http://www.malachirecords.com/www/wp-content/uploads/2008/08/bloomingdales-record-shop1904.jpg 116 http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3065/3114645080_59c0898f53_b.jpg 39 http://www.waytogoal.com/Portals/0/images/megaphone.jpg 117 http://blogs.amctv.com/scifi-scanner/whatsupdoc.jpg 40 Source Unknown 118 http://westbr.fatcow.com/stone%20steps%20in%20front%20of%20front%20walkway.jpg 41 Source Unknown 125 http://my3boysandi.files.wordpress.com/2008/06/bigstockphoto_surprised_woman_912167.jpg 42 http://www.catalystforyouth.org/images/***Down%20the%20Rabbit%20Hole.jpg 129 http://www.electronicsunset.org/sites/electronicsunset.org/files/images/bucket-flt-web.jpg 42 http://lostarg.files.wordpress.com/2009/05/white-rabbit.jpg 144 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