Trend's 3G Guide
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Trend's 3G Guide Document Transcript

  • 1. Gigabit Ethernet tester, Gigabit Ethernet testing, Gigabit Ethernet installation, Gigabit Ethernet maintenance, Gigabit Ethernet commissioning, Gigabit Ethernet troubleshooting, Gigabit Ethernet protocols, 1000BASE-T tester, 1000BASE-LX test, 1000BASE-SX test, 1000BASE-T testing, 1000BASE-LX testing, 1000BASE-SX testing, gige Ethernet test gige Ethernet testing gige Ethernet installation gige Ethernet maintenance gige Ethernet commissioning, gige Ethernet troubleshooting, Gigabit Ethernet protocols, 1000BASE-T tester, 1000BASE-LX test, 1000BASE-SX test, 1000BASE-T testing 1000BASE-LX testing 1000BASE-SX testing Trend´s 3G Guide Pocket Guide for UMTS testing Uu UTRAN Uu UE Uu UE NodeB NodeB Uu Uu UE UE NodeB NodeB NodeB UE UE Iub NodeB NodeB IMA RNS Iub Iub NodeB Iub IMA Iur nxE1 RNC RNC sync Control User Control User Signaling Data Signaling Voice SSU SSU IuCS AAL5 AAL2 AAL5 IuPS ATM ATM SDH/PDH SDH/PDH Gs GPRS SGSN MSC GSM M AD AD M Gn Optical Core E VLR Intranet ISDN AD M AD M DNS DHCP Gi GGSN ADM MGW PSTN Internet Gr sync H QoS enabled NMC OMC AUC HLR EIR IP backbone PRC Synchronization Figure 1 UMTS/3G architecture TrendCommunications AuroraForte VictoriaSDH/ATM/IP VictoriaJitter/Wander A powerful tool for testing the Physical, Family of testers that combine IP, ATM and A cost-effective solution that provides ATM and IP layer operation of ATM circuits. SDH capabilities up to 2.5 Gbit/s. complete loop fault management for Provides IMA, E1, E3, DS1, DS3, ATM-25, Transmission functions include TCM, APS, control centres that support a large number STM-1/OC-3 and STM-4/OC-12 interfaces M/N alarms, G.783 sequences, frequency of xDSL installations. Its remote testing for unparalleled multi-circuit testing in ATM, deviation and n x 64 and n x 56 kbit/s tests capacities include: emulation of equipment xDSL and 3G networks. Physical and ATM at E1 and DS1 levels. ATM features include at both central offices and customer BER testing. Advanced features, AAL5, generation and analysis of ATM flows, QoS, premises, TDR, DMM, an extensive range OAM, QoS, SVC support and IP Ping over OAM flows, AAL1/2/5 generation/analysis. of analogue measurements, spectrum ATM, protocol decoding and remote testing, Analysis of IP traffic composition also analysis, ATM, PPP, IP and higher-layer analysis of IP traffic composition. included. protocol test.
  • 2. Gigabit Ethernet test, Gigabit Ethernet testing, Gigabit Ethernet installation, Gigabit Ethernet maintenance, Gigabit Ethernet commissioning, Gigabit Ethernet troubleshooting, Gigabit Ethernet protocols, Gigabit Ethernet Alarms, Gigabit Ethernet test, Gigabit Ethernet test, Gigabit Ethernet test, Gigabit Ethernet tester User Circuit-Switched Voice Services VoiceVoice Voice Voice AMR codec AMR codec AMR codec AMR codec RLC RLC ISDN ISDN ISDN RLC RLC RLC Iu UP ISDN ISDN PCM POTS PCM MAC MAC Iu UP Iu UP Iu UP channel channel MAC FP FP MAC MAC channel UMTS channel Channels Channels FP FP ATM AAL2 PDH PDH GSM Channels Channels ATM AAL2 ATM AAL2 ATM AAL2 ATM AAL2 ATM AAL2 ATM AAL2 ATM AAL2 PDH PDH WCDMA WCDMA WCDMA WCDMA SDH SDH SDH SDH SDH SDHSDH SDH SDH L1L1 L1 L1 SDH SDH SDH Uu Iub IuCS E UE Node-B RNC MSC GMSC End user User Packet-Switched Data Services Applic App Applic App TCP/IP IP TCP/IP IP PDCPPDCP PDCP PDCP Iu UP GTP Iu UPGTP GTPGTP GTP GTP RLC RLC RLC RLC GTPUDP GTP TCP/UDP UDP UDP TCP/UDP UDP Li Li Li Li MAC MAC MAC UDP/IP MAC IP UDP/IP IP IP IP IPIP Channels Channels FP FP ATM AAL5 ATM AAL5 ATM AAL5 ATM AAL5 L2 L2 Channels Channels FP ATM AAL2 FP ATM AAL2 ATM AAL5 ATM AAL5 ATM AAL5 ATM AAL5 L2 Internet L2 ATM AAL2 ATM AAL2 WCDMA WCDMA WCDMA WCDMA SDH SDH SDHSDH SDH SDH SDHSDH SDH SDH L1L1 L1 L1 SDH SDH Uu Iub IuPS Gn Gi UE Node-B RNC SGSN GGSN UE / Service UMTS Control Plane RNS CC, SS, CC, SS, CC, SS, CC, SS, SM, SMS RNS SM, SMS AP AP SM, SMS SM, SMS GSMS GSMS NB NB C GSMS GSMS UA RR RRC RRC RANAP RANAP M3 P P P-3 SCO P SSC R LC SSC RRC RRC RANAP RANAP RLC RLC SCCP SCCP MT S P P NI CO MA C CO F-N SS SS RLC RLC SCCP SCCP MAC MAC Signalling Signalling SSC P IP FP L5 FP L5 MAC MAC Signalling Signalling D AA AA SSC L2 L2 Channels Channels ATM/AAL5 ATM/AAL5 AA TM AA TM H/A H/A Channels Channels ATM/AAL5 ATM/AAL5 SD SD WCDMA WCDMA WCDMA WCDMA SDH SDH SDHSDH Uu IuPS Iub UE SGSN Node-B RNC Figure 2 UMTS planes, protocols and interfaces Drift Serving Drift Serving UE Node B Node B RNC RNC RNSAP Branch Addition RNSAP Radio Link Setup NBAP Radio Link Setup Proceed NBAP RNSAP Branch Add. Proceed RNSAP Start Rx TrendCommunications ALCAP Iub Data Transport Bearer Setup / Iur Bearer Setup Synchronization Start Tx Handover RRC Handover Complete RRC Radio Link Release NBAP Radio Link Setup Release Proceed NBAP Stop Rx & Tx ALCAP Iub Data Transport Bearer Release Figure 3 UTRAN signaling sample: soft handover
  • 3. Gigabit Ethernet test, Gigabit Ethernet testing, Gigabit Ethernet installation, Gigabit Ethernet maintenance, Gigabit Ethernet commissioning, Gigabit Ethernet troubleshooting, Gigabit Ethernet protocols, Gigabit Ethernet Alarms, Gigabit Ethernet test, Gigabit Ethernet test, Gigabit Ethernet test, Gigabit Ethernet tester MTIE (ns) 10 4 3 10 Phase Offset 1.25 ms G.811 Mask 2 10 0,05 ppm Frequency Offset 1 10 0 10 10 -1 10 0 10 1 10 2 10 3 10 4 10 5 10 6 ≥ (s) Figure 4 An MTIE mask for a Node-B synchronization source in a UMTS network BGP FTP HTTP SMTP Telnet SNMP TCP UDP ICMP OSPF IP Figure 5 Higher protocols bit 0 4 8 16 19 31 IPv4 Version IHL Type of service Total length Identification Flags Fragment offset 20 bytes 20 bytes Time to live Protocol Header Checksum Source Address Destination Address Options (+padding) Data (variable size) Figure 6 IP Format PPP encapsulation PPP frame structure bit 0 8 16 31 0 8 16 31 Protocol Flag Address Control TrendCommunications Encapsulated protocol PPP packet Padding Protocol: 0001h - Padding FCS 0021h - IP FCS (cont. if 32 bit) Flag Padding C021h - LCP Flag: 7Eh C023h - PAP Address: FFh C223h - CHAP Control: 03h Figure 7 PPP encapsulation
  • 4. Gigabit Ethernet test, Gigabit Ethernet testing, Gigabit Ethernet installation, Gigabit Ethernet maintenance, Gigabit Ethernet commissioning, Gigabit Ethernet troubleshooting, Gigabit Ethernet protocols, Gigabit Ethernet Alarms, Gigabit Ethernet test, Gigabit Ethernet test, Gigabit Ethernet test, Gigabit Ethernet tester UNI Format NNI Format Function VPI VCI PTI CLP byte 1 GFC VPI VPI Unassigned 0 0 any 0 Invalid <> 0 0 any 0 2 VPI VPI Idle 0 0 0 1 VCI VCI Metasignaling UNI *any 1 0xx any 3 Broadcast UNI *any 2 any any 4 PTI CLP PTI CLP Segment OAM F4 any 3 0xx any E2E OAM F4 any 4 0x0 any 5 HEC HEC P2P Signaling *any 5 0xx any 6 VP Management any 6 110 any Payload Payload ILMI 0 16 z any · PNNI 0 18 0 any 53 Segment OAM F5 any not 0, 3, 4, 6 or 7 100 any E2E OAM F5 flow any not 0, 3, 4, 6 or 7 101 any Figure 8 ATM Cell format VC Resource mgt any not 0, 3, 4, 6 or 7 110 any User data any > 31 0xx any Channel 1 Channel 2 Channel 3 Channel 4 CPS-SDU CPS-SDU CPS-SDU CPS-SDU 3 m CPS-PDU CPS-PDU CPS-PDU CPS-PDU 48 Padding 53 Header Payload Header Payload Header Payload Figure 9 AAL2 format bytes 1 to 65,535 0-47 1 1 2 4 CS-PDU: User data PAD UU CPI LI CRC header 5 48 SAR-PDU: PT Payload PT Payload ... PT Payload BOM COM ... EOM Figure 10 AAL5 format payload Header Type Function Function-Specific Field Reserved CRC 10 bits 4 4 6 10 x 10+x9+x5+x4+x+1 OAM Type Code Function Code OAM structure AIS 0000 45 bytes TrendCommunications Fault 0001 RDI 0001 management Continuity 0100 Fault type Fault location 6Ah AIS and RDI Loopback 1000 1 16 28 Performance 0010 FPM 0000 Loopback Correlation Location ID Source ID 6Ah management BPM 0001 Loopback Activation & 1 4 16 16 8 1000 Performance 0000 deactivation Continuity 0001 MSCN TUC1 BIP16 TUC0 TST 6Ah TRC0 BLER TRC1 Performance 1 2 2 2 4 29 2 1 2 management MID Direction Correlation PMA-B PMB-A 6Ah Act/Deactivation 6bits 2bits 8bits 4bits 4bits 336bits Figure 11 Format of OAM cells
  • 5. Gigabit Ethernet test, Gigabit Ethernet testing, Gigabit Ethernet installation, Gigabit Ethernet maintenance, Gigabit Ethernet commissioning, Gigabit Ethernet troubleshooting, Gigabit Ethernet protocols, Gigabit Ethernet Alarms, Gigabit Ethernet test, Gigabit Ethernet test, Gigabit Ethernet test, Gigabit Ethernet tester STM-256 x1 AUG-256 x1 AU4-256c VC4-256c 40 Gbps STS-768c SPE C-4-256c OC-768 STS-768 STS-768c x4 STM-64 x1 AUG-64 x1 AU4-64c VC4-64c 10 Gbps STS-192c SPE C-4-64c ATM OC-192 STS-192 STS-192c 10GE x4 2.5 Gbps STM-16 x1 AUG-16 x1 AU4-16c VC4-16c C-4-16c ATM OC-48 STS-48 STS-48c STS-48c SPE x4 STM-4 x1 AUG-4 x1 AU4-4c VC4-4c C-4-4c ATM 622 Mbps STS-12c SPE OC-12 STS-12 STS-12c x4 STM-1 x1 AUG-1 x1 AU-4 VC-4 155 Mbps STS-3c SPE C-4 E4 OC-3/STS-3 STS-3 STS-3c x3 x1 x3 TUG-3 TU-3 VC-3 x7 ATM STM-0 x1 AU-3 VC-3 52 Mbps OC-1/STS-1 C-3 DS3 STS-1 STS-1 SPE E3 x7 TUG-2 x1 TU-2 VC-2 ATM Frame transmission C-2 Pointer processing VT-Group VT-6 VT-6 SPE DS2 Aligning x3 Multiplexing SDH Container Mapping TU-12 VC-12 ATM Group VT-2 C-12 E1 x4 VT-2 SPE POH addition TU-11 VC-11 ATM VT-1.5 C-11 DS1 VT-1.5 SPE Figure 12 SDH and SONET Multiplexing map 1 3 4 STS-1 90 1 A1 A2 J0 VT POH * * * 1 Virtual Tributary Path Overhead 4 90 B1 E1 F1 Section SOH J1 ptr ptr V5 Transport Overhead Overhead) VT pointers D1 D2 D3 B3 J2 H1 H2 H3 pointer SPE ptr Z6 C2 Z7 B2 K1 K2 G1 V5 D4 D5 D6 125 ←s F2 250 ←s D7 D8 D9 Line LOH H4 375 ←s Overhead V5 D10 D11 D12 500 ←s Z3 9 S1 M1 E2 9 Z4 VT SPE VT SPE N1 STS POH STS-1 MUX STS-1 SPE (payload) STS-1 STM-1 HP POH VC4 STS-1 3:1 J1 ptr ptr 11 TU pointers x3 B3 RSOH C2 G1 V5 LP POH Lower-Order Path Overhead AU4 ptr F2 TrendCommunications V5 H4 V5 J2 F3 N2 MSOH K3 VCn VCn K4 N1 125 ←s 9 10 270 250 ←s 1 9 10 270 375 ←s 500 ←s STM-1 Figure 13 STS-1 and STM-1 frames
  • 6. Gigabit Ethernet test, Gigabit Ethernet testing, Gigabit Ethernet installation, Gigabit Ethernet maintenance, Gigabit Ethernet commissioning, Gigabit Ethernet troubleshooting, Gigabit Ethernet protocols, Gigabit Ethernet Alarms, Gigabit Ethernet test, Gigabit Ethernet test, Gigabit Ethernet test, Gigabit Ethernet tester STS-1/STM-0 1 STM-1/STS-3/OC-3 9 J0: Section Trace * * * 1 A1 A2 J0 1 * * * * * * * A1 A1 A1 A2 A2 A2 J0 * X * X A1= 11110110 Frame Alignment A2= 00101000: Frame Alignment B1 E1 F1 B1 ^ ^ E1 ^ F1 X X B1: Section Parity Code BIP8 B2: Multiplex Parity Code BIP-n x 24 D1 D2 D3 D1 ^ ^ D2 ^ D3 D1-D3: 192 kbps OA&M data H1 H2 H3 Pointer (s) D4-D12: 576 kbps OA&M data E1, E2: 64 kbps orderwire channels B2 K1 K2 B2 B2 B2 K1 K2 F1: 64 kbps user channel H1, H2, H3: pointer bytes D4 D5 D6 D4 D5 D6 K1, K2: Request /answer APS channels D7 D8 D9 D7 D8 D9 F1: 64 kbps user channel M0, M1: Re-sending of B2 errors D10D11D12 D10 D11 D12 Z0: reserved X * Non-scrambled bytes 9 S1 M1 E2 9 S1 M1 E2 X X bytes reserved for national use ^ Media-dependent bytes STM-4/OC-4 1 13 25 36 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 J0 Z0 Z0 Z0 X * X * X B1 ^ ^ ^ E1 ^ ^ ^ F1 X X X X X X D1 ^ ^ ^ D2 ^ ^ ^ D3 Pointer (s) B2 B2 B2 B2 B2 B2 B2 K1 K2 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10 D11 D12 9 S1 M1 E2 X X X X X X Figure 14 STM-n/OC-m frames Nine bytes Path Overhead (POH) SDH SONET G1: REI RDI E-RDI Spare J1 J1 Path trace, message with CRC REI (Remote Error Indication) RDI (Remote Defect Indication) B3 B3 BIP-8 parity control E-RDI (Enhanced RDI information) C2 C2 Signal label (mapping) G1 G1 Path status H4: MFI2 (frames 0 and 1) SQ (frames 14 and 15) Multiframe Indicator 1 F2 F2 Path user channel (voice or data) VC-3/4-Xv sequence H4 H4 Position and sequence indicator F3 F3 Path user channel (voice or data) K3: APS HODL Spare K3 Z3 Automatic Protection Switching APS: Automatic Protection N1 Z4 Tandem Connection Monitoring HODL: Higher-Order Data Link C2: 00: unequipped 16: HDLC/PPP 18: HDLS/LAPS TC TC-API, TC-RDI 04: E3, T3 13: ATM 1A: 10GEthernet N1: IEC REI OEI ODI, reserved IEC Incoming Error Count, Four bytes Path Overhead (POH) TC-REI: TC Remote Error Indication OEI: Outgoing Error Indication SDH SONET TrendCommunications V5 V5 Path Overhead V5: BIP-2 REI RFI Signal Label RDI J2 J2 Path Trace BIP-2: parity of the previous VC N2 Z6 Reserved or TCM VC signal label (mapping) K4 Z7 Additional Path Overhead K4: ESL VC APS E-RDI DL N2: I-AIS TC OEI TC-API, TC-RDI BIP-2 1 REI ODI, reserved ESL (Extended Signal Label) VC (Lower Order Virtual Concatenation) BIP-2 for Tandem Connection DL: Lower Order Data Link Figure 15 Nine bytes and Four bytes Path Overhead.
  • 7. Gigabit Ethernet test, Gigabit Ethernet testing, Gigabit Ethernet installation, Gigabit Ethernet maintenance, Gigabit Ethernet commissioning, Gigabit Ethernet troubleshooting, Gigabit Ethernet protocols, Gigabit Ethernet Alarms, Gigabit Ethernet test, Gigabit Ethernet test, Gigabit Ethernet test, Gigabit Ethernet tester End Device VP/VC Switch VP Switch VP/VC Switch End Device VC-RDI VC-AIS VP-RDI VP-RDI Event detection VP-RDI OAM generation VP-AIS Figure 16 Generating VP-AIS/RDI and VC-AIS/RDI type OAM cells Transmission Line Reg. Sect. Multiplexer Section Higher Order Path Lower Order Path LOF Signal LOS AIS A1/A2 OR (logical function) RS-TIM / TIM-S J0 RS-BIP / CV- S Event detection B1 Event registration MS-BIP / CV- L B2 Signal flow MS-REI / REI- L M12-8 MS-REI / REI- L Error indication received M1 MS-AIS / AIS-P AIS K26-8 Error indication sent MS-RDI / RDI-L K26-8 Alarm indication sent AU-AIS / AIS- P AIS AU ptr AU-LOP / LOP-P AU ptr HP-TIM / TIM-P J1 AIS HP-UNEQ / UNEQ- P C2 HP-PLM / PLM-P C2 HP-RDI / RDI-P G15-7 HP-BIP / CV- P B3 HP-REI / REI-P G11-4 HP-REI / REI-P G11-4 TU-LOM / LOM AIS H47-8 TU ptr TU-AIS / AIS-V TU ptr TU-LOP / LOP-V TrendCommunications LP-TIM / TIM-V J2 AIS V55-7 LP-UNEQ / UNEQ-V V55-7 LP-PLM / PLM-V LP-RDI / RDI-V V58 LP-RFI / RFI-V V55 LP-BIP/ CV-V V51-2 LP-REI / REI-V V53 LP-REI / REI-V V53 Figure 17 Events management. In Regular characters SDH, in Italic SONET.
  • 8. E1 test, E1 testing, E1 installation, E1 maintenance, E1 commissioning, E1 Set up, E1 tester, E1 pocket guide E1 protocols, DS0, Alarms, AIS test, BER test, CAS test, CRC test, E1 Solutions, PDH solutions, PDH pocket guide Acronyms Ref: 700707 02 05.05 AAL ATM Adaptation Layer NBAP Node-B Application Part ALCAP Access Link Control Application Part NMC Network Management Centre AMR Adaptive Multi-Rate OMC Operations & Maintenance Centre AUC Authentication Centre OSPF Open Shortest Path First CC Country Code PCM Pulse Code Modulation EIR Equipment Identity Register PDCP Packet Data Convergence Protocol FP Frame Protocol RANAP Radio Access Network Application Part GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node RLC Radio Link Control GMSC Gateway Mobile Switching Centre RNC Radio Network Controller GPRS General Packet Radio Service RNS Radio Network Subsystem GSMS GPRS Short Message Service RNSAP Radio Network Subsystem Appl Part GTP GPRS Tunnelling Protocol RRC Radio Resource Control HLR Home Location Register SCCP Signaling Connection Control Part ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol SSCOP Service Specific Connection Oriented Protocol IP Internet Protocol SGSN Serving GPRS Support Node lu UTRAN interface SMS Short Message Service (Generic) M3UA MTP3 User Adaptation Layer SS Supplementary Service MAC Medium Access Control UMTS Universal Mobile Telecom System MSC Mobile Switching Centre UTRAN UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Net MTIE Maximum Time Interval Error VLR Visitor Location Register MTP3 Message Transfer Part Level 3 WCDM Wideband Code Division Multiple Access Trend Communications Ltd. Whitebrook Park, Lower Cookham Road, Maidenhead, Berkshire, SL6 8XY, UK TrendCommunications International: +44 1628 503500 United Kingdom: 01628 503531 France: 01 69 35 54 70 Deutschland: 089 32 30 09 30 España: 93 300 3313 India: 11 25554161 Canada /Latin America: 1 256 461 0790 More information in: US Toll Free: 1 877 78TREND Installation and Maintenance of SDH/SONET, ATM, XDSL, and Synchronization Networks. Email: infoline@trendcomms.com 2003 (c) Artech House, ISBN:1580535259 Web: www.trendcomms.com