This chart has been revised since the last roadmap and is based ADSL2+ at a +14 dBm launch power on 26 AWG, along with ADSL+ and VDSL. The ADSL2+ figures come from Broadcom, while the ADSL+ and VDSL figures come from our rate/reach calculator. I had to show this on 26 AWG since that's what Broadcom gave us -- reach on 24 AWG should be about 1.3 times what's shown here for each rate – reach on 22 AWG should be about 1.3 times greater than 24AWG for each rate.
Canopy is new to the market place of fixed wireless though it is a very mature product. The initial product was developed in Motorola Labs back in 1997, nearly 6 years ago. They first took this product to Alpha test in 2000, Beta with over 1000 subscriber Modules across the country with a multitude of users in 2001 and only just launch this rock solid product back in June of 2002. Motorola only launched the product after it passed Motorola’s world class standards for product quality. This thing works. You can see Canopy is also priced to make wireless the third alternative for internet access.10 Mbps Point to Point links are only 2k MSRP. Full AP Clusters with Multiple Subscribers can be deployed for under 10k.
WiMAX will help make broadband wireless the third access technology, after DSL and Cable – Envisioned primarily as a “last mile” wireless broadband solution. WiMAX or 802.16 is a last mile solution for bring high speed Internet access into homes and businesses. The theoretical max base station throughput of 70 Mbps for WiMAX means it is possible to serve 50-60 T1-based enterprise customers and 200-300 residential broadband customers in an optimized 4-6 coverage sweet spot. How far can WiMAX Go? The 802.16 standard has a radius of as much as 30 miles. However, for commercial non LOS service with high signal strength and data rates, a radius of 3 to 5 miles is expected to be used, particularly with indoor installed modems for the customer premise. How Fast can WiMAX Go? Data speeds vary on the amount of spectrum and resources a WiMAX operator deploys. Deploying a 20 MHz channel, an 802.16 OFDM system can generate 72-75 Mbps of uncoded data (about 100 Mbps of coded data), which works out to be a rate of 3.6 bits per Hz. If a carrier were to deploy five 20 MHz channels, as they exist in the 5.725-5.825 MHz range, it would give a total of 360 Mbps, with a 1x frequency reuse. A 10 Mbps burst is the rule of thumb for a customer on a WiMAX network. However, the system can control Q0S, and therefore can control how much capacity individual customers have. When 802.16e is available (for mobility) data rates are expected to drop 20-30%.
- For UMTS 2000MHz, the penetration loss through walls typically doubles compared to GSM 900MHz -Compared to an outdoor service, indoor service will only achieve the same service quality in roughly 1/3 of the cell radius - As a rule of thumb, frequencies over 3GHz have difficulty penetrating more than one wall of a structure -Signals at 3.5GHz, which is the most likely initial deployment spectrum for WiMAX, will be able to reach buildings, but are unlikely to get through the walls - The impact of higher frequencies is especially important in an urban environment – Network using a higher frequency will require more base stations to avoid coverage black spots and to provide good service indoors
Motorola - presentation
Noel Kirkaldy Director Wireless Broadband Motorola, Networks and Enterprise Wireless Broadband Solutions NTRA, Egypt – 14 th May 2006
Agenda <ul><li>Is their a requirement for Wireless Broadband? </li></ul><ul><li>What Solutions will support the Market? </li></ul><ul><li>Regulatory and Spectrum considerations </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of a Typical WiMAX Network </li></ul>
The Requirement - Rich Data Outlook <ul><li>Demand for bandwidth is outpacing ARPU growth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GAMING (multiplayer) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MUSIC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VIDEO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LAPTOP ACCESS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VoIP </li></ul></ul>Worldwide Operator Data Revenue ($M) Example Rich IP Multimedia applications 541 2,977 5,778 8,499 12,978 20,311 34,177 51,897 71,272 92,011 0 25,000 50,000 75,000 100,000 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Total SMS Rich Data MMS Bandwidth Demand ARPU
Cellular/Fixed: Worlds Converge Coverage/Mobility Data Speeds (Kbps) span a wide range 100,000 10 802.11n (smart antennas) 802.11 with Mesh extns. 802.16e (Mobile) Local Area Fixed Wide Area Mobile Metro Area Nomadic 802.16 (Fixed LOS) Cellular Industry Fixed Wireless Industry 802.16a/d (Fixed NLOS) EV-DO EV-DO Rev A HSDPA Enhanced UL 3.5G 2G 4G Air Interfaces Fixed Wireless Industry 2.5G 3G 802.11 b/a/g Mobile Broadband HSDPA TDD
BWA COST REDUCTIONS <ul><li>Next generation access offers much reduced cost structures for high-speed data service </li></ul>Relative Cost per MB 2.5G 2.75G 3G BWA 1 3 7 20
ORTHOGONAL FREQUENCY DIVISION MULTIPLE ACCESS <ul><ul><ul><li>Variable width carrier (3.5/5/10/20 MHz) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Information carried on multiple sub-frequencies (128 to 2048 FFT) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Channels separated by frequency and time (with guard bands/times) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sub-carriers mathematically orthogonal due to frequency relationships </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>20 kHz wide carrier (hearing range) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Information carried by multiple transmitters (instruments) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Information streams separated by time and frequency (score) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Instruments orthogonal due to wave form (sound/voice) </li></ul></ul></ul>Symphony Orchestra OFDMA FFT Sub-carriers 5 MHz Bandwidth Guard Intervals Symbols Time Frequency
Let’s not forget the important role of Fixed line
Copper based solutions (xDSL) compromise Rate vs Reach Km Mbps (Down) FTTx (GPON)
Wireless Broadband Solutions <ul><li>A comprehensive platform of wireless broadband solutions and services that deliver and extend coverage </li></ul>Access WiMAX Canopy Mesh Backhaul
Snapshot of Motorola Canopy <ul><li>Developed by Motorola Labs (>60 Patents) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alpha tests 2001 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Launch June 2002 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Approaching 250,000 units sold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very Reliable - 45 Year MTBF </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deployed by over 500 Service Providers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 1000 Private System Deployments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>500 resellers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deployed in over 85 countries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unlicensed Point to Point and Point to Multipoint Solution (5 GHz and 2.4 GHz) </li></ul><ul><li>Expanding to Licensed Bands </li></ul><ul><li>Developed and designed to provide cost effective roll out for operators </li></ul>
SMART Communications - Philippines <ul><li>SMART leading wireless operator with 20 Million cellular subscribers </li></ul><ul><li>They also operate a copper network around the country </li></ul><ul><li>Nationwide roll out of Broadband Internet and data services to residential & business subscribers using Motorola Canopy </li></ul>“ We believe that wireless broadband is the most affordable way for the people in the Philippines to be able to receive reliable, high-speed Internet connectivity,” said Rene Dos Remedios, president of Meridian Telekoms, Inc, a subsidiary of SMART Communications
WiMAX – What is it? <ul><li>Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wireless metropolitan area networks (MAN) based </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>on the IEEE 802.16 standard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An emerging standard for high-speed, fixed wireless data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>access (point-to multipoint) or point-to-point communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offers last mile service (NLOS) and a peak data rate upto 70 Mbps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On average a WiMAX base-station installation will likely cover 3-5 Kms PTMP (16 Km P2P) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WiMAX Forum has more than 356 members to facilitate the deployment of 802.16 standards by helping to ensure the compatibility and inter-operability of broadband wireless access equipment . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All of today’s leading vendors such as Intel, Motorola, Samsung, Ericsson are supporting the WiMAX Forum </li></ul></ul>
IEEE 802.16x Genealogy 802.16a (Jan 2003) <ul><li>Extension for 2-11 GHz </li></ul><ul><li>Non-LOS, Point-to-Multi-Point applications such as “last mile” access & B/H </li></ul>802.16 (Dec 2001) <ul><li>Original fixed wireless broadband air Interface for 10 – 66 GHz, Line-of-sight only, Point-to-Point applications </li></ul>802.16c (2002) 802.16 amendment for Line of Sight, Point to Point backhaul using spectrum between 10 - 66 GHz 802.16d (Q3 2004) <ul><li>Published as 802.16 – 2004, replacing earlier revisions </li></ul><ul><li>Fixed & Portable applications 2 – 6 GHz </li></ul><ul><li>HIPERMAN compatibility </li></ul>802.16e (Q4 2005) <ul><li>Mobility to highway speeds in licensed bands from 2-6 GHz </li></ul><ul><li>Roaming within & between service areas </li></ul><ul><li>WiBRO Compatibility </li></ul>WiMAX
<ul><li>Better Technical Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Better building penetration – bigger cells/better performance </li></ul><ul><li>Better battery performance for portable applications </li></ul><ul><li>Mobility as well as fixed/nomadic </li></ul><ul><li>Better Industry Acceptance </li></ul><ul><li>Major Market deployments waiting for Rev E </li></ul><ul><li>Rev D seen as interim step only </li></ul><ul><li>Rev D interoperability certifications slipping </li></ul><ul><li>Better Business Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Better reuse of spectrum (N=1, vs. no reuse in rev D) </li></ul><ul><li>Avoids “throw away” of non-upgradeable Rev D systems </li></ul><ul><li>Better support for high value services – VolP, mobility </li></ul><ul><li>Support for wide range of access devices – handsets, laptops, PDA’s </li></ul>802.16 Rev E Benefits over 802.16 Rev D
MOBILE NOMADIC FIXED 1H’2006 2H’2006 1H’2007 2H’2007 1H’2008 2H’2008 USAGE SCENARIOS WiMAX-e Chipset/Product Prices WiMAX-d Chipset/Product Prices TIMELINE CHIPSET/PRODUCT PRICES Technology Positioning - 802.16 Rev E vs. 802.16 Rev D
Intel Inside By 2008, 14 Million Laptops will have 802.16e built-in!
Multiple Vendor support Today’s Vendors Mainly 802.16d-2004 New Entrants 2H 2006 + Supporting 802.16e-2005 Alvarion Proxim Redline Airspan Aperto SR Telcom IP Wireless Navini Adaptix Nextnet Samsung Motorola Siemens Alcatel Nortel Huawei & ZTE Recently announced entrants Ericsson and Nokia <ul><li>Surviving in Niche Markets </li></ul><ul><li>Acquired </li></ul>Expect flurry of mergers and buyouts By 2008, smaller players will be: Strix Systems Siemens
WiMAX Profiles: Radio Frequency Spectrum US WCS 2305-2320 2345-2360 Low/Mid UNII-band (802.11a) 5150-5350 Upper UNII-band ~5725-5850 ISM (11b/g) 2400-2480 MMDS ~2500-2690 2700-2900 3300-3400 3.5GHz band 3400-3600 WRC (new) 5470-5725 WiMAX profiles available Future WiMAX profiles WiFi Note: also keep an eye out for 4.3GHz (emergency band), 4.9GHz (public safety band) WiMAX STANDARDS & PERFORMANCE
FREQUENCY USED FOR DEPLOYMENT: Impacts coverage / Capacity & data density (Urban environment) Source: Eurescom, ING 900 MHz 2500 MHz 4600 MHz 2100 MHz 3500 MHz
Some Spectrum Planning Issues <ul><ul><li>WiMAX Profiles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure Operators choose the correct profiles for the allocated spectrum </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guard Bands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How much spectrum between neighbors? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FDD or TDD? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>TDD is more spectrally efficient than FDD </li></ul></ul></ul>
Example of a Spectrum Plan No guard band required between Canopy Sectors. Effective N=1 Sector A Sector D Sector C Sector B 10.5z Sector A Sector B Guard Band Guard Band 3.5MHz 3.5MHz 1.75MHz 1.75MHz 10.5MHz Sector C Sector D Guard Band Guard Band 3.5MHz 3.5MHz 1.75MHz 1.75MHz
Access Point Portfolio Dual Antenna Elements Dual Tx/Rx Chains MIMO with Space-Time Coding (STC) Fixed & Full Mobility Support Redundant Configuration Eight Antenna Elements 8 Rx Chains, 4 Tx Chains Adaptive Beam Steering Fixed & Full Mobility Support Redundant Configuration Macro-cell coverage in an ultra-compact package COTS Antenna Options Fixed Support Easy Install Diversity AP Smart Antenna AP Ultra-Light AP
Low Cost, Flat IP Network Architecture Carrier Access Point (CAP) Architecture Traditional Cellular Architecture High Cost, Custom Telephony Platforms Eliminated, Replaced by Future Proof, Low Cost Off-the-shelf IP Equipment Base Stations Base Station Controllers PSTN SGSN MSS Media Gateway GGSN Internet = Any off-the-shelf IP network with Mobile IP support Access Points CAP Controller Operator’s IP Network Data Gateway or IMS VoIP Gateway or IMS PSTN Internet
<ul><li>Various WiMAX Devices will be supported </li></ul>Outdoor Customer Premise Equipment Handheld Devices PC Cards Indoor Customer Premise Equipment
WiMAX Roadmap 1 Dates are approximate and are for limited commercial availability for field trials (FOA/M3) 2 Due to the changing nature of standards, some products may require and over-the-air software upgrade for full WiMAX Compliance 3.5 GHz Fixed Networks 3.5 GHz & 2.5 GHz Fixed and Mobile Networks Customer Premise Equipment Handsets & Smart Phones Vehicular & PCMCIA Cards 2006 2007 2008
WiMAX Solution Summary <ul><ul><ul><li>WiMAX 802.16e will deliver a lower cost, better performance and a path to Mobile services. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Meets growing demand for high bandwidth IP applications for fixed, nomadic and mobile applications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can complement your existing networks and can share your IP core and back office applications </li></ul></ul></ul>
WiMAX- Typical Case, Number of WiMAX Base Stations Network’s Services Source: Motorola Yes Yes No Indoor Coverage Network’s Services Definition 97% 80% 70% Location Probability 1500/450 750/230 250/77 DL/UL data rate Nomadic Services No Class 2 Yes No Class 3 Class 1
WiMAX- Typical Case, Number of WiMAX Base Stations Number of Base Stations to Cover Paris vs Network’s Services Source: Motorola 460 900 1400 Class 3 112 220 350 Class 2 52 Basic 802.16d WiMAX Base Station (*): The limitation comes from capacity not from coverage (250 user per km 2 , overbooking: 30) 28 (*) 36 (*) Class 1 WiMAX 802.16e with Smart Antenna WiMAX 802.16e with Diversity Base Station’s Configuration Network’s Services
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