3G Update February 24,  2005 Ming Li VP, Southeast Asia and Pacific Qualcomm International
<ul><li>Internet  (enabled by IP, DWDM optical transmission, </li></ul><ul><li>and broadband access) </li></ul>The Mega-Tr...
Worldwide Mobile Subscriber Growth
How Does Cellular Network Work Base station (BTS) Cell BSC BSC BSC BTS BTS BTS MSC MSC Cell Core Network Access Network Ai...
Mobility Technology Development 80’s Analog  (TACS,  AMPS ) 1G 90’s Digital Voice (GSM,  TDMA, CDMAone ) 2G 00’s Multimedi...
Key Drivers for Mobile Market Time CDMA2000 1x More Capacity, High Speed Data Capacity/Quality Roaming Mobility AMPS TDMA ...
Technology and Spectrum Relationship <ul><li>Any technology can run on any spectrum but infrastructure and </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>In 1999 ITU defined key requirements for IMT-2000 services, more commonly known as 3G </li></ul><ul><li>IMT-2000 r...
Global IMT-2000 Evolution GSM PDC   (Japan) CDMA2000 1xEV-DO 2002  2003  2004  2005  2006 FOMA (WCDMA) Voice CDMAone UMTS ...
How Fast is Wireless Mobile? Approximate transfer times for a 3 minute MP3 song file   Download Time Air Interface Data Ra...
WCDMA vs. EDGE Normal Hour (1pm) Peak Hour (6pm) 60 80 160 130 <ul><li>WCDMA can achieve peak data transfer rate at 230 kb...
3G Network Increased Voice Capacity Lower Cost Voice Drives Minutes of Use
QUALCOMM Corporate Overview <ul><li>QUALCOMM develops, delivers & enables innovative digital wireless communications produ...
Qualcomm’s Unique Patent Position
3G Operators <ul><li>As of Jan 12, 2005, there were 125 commercial 3G networks in 56 regions </li></ul><ul><li>CDMA2000 1x...
3G Operators (continue) <ul><li>SKT is the biggest 3G operator with 17M+ subscribers as of Dec 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>In O...
Global 3G Subscriber Growth
Is 2G To 3G an Upgrade or a Migration? <ul><li>For CDMAone (2G) to CDMA2000 (3G) is an  upgrade . </li></ul><ul><li>Swap c...
What Caused the Delay of 3G WCDMA/UMTS? <ul><li>Huge spectrum fee drained capex investment </li></ul><ul><li>Over optimist...
Chip Set Integration Reduce size, cost and battery consumption
Over 614 3G CDMA/WCDMA device  models have been commercialized by 56 vendors
Initial Milestones Impacting 3G Subscriber Transition
WCDMA is Now On The Move Hutchison has been the driver of 3G WCDMA. DoCoMo is the largest WCDMA operator with 9M subscribe...
Wireless Growth Driver :  3G Devices
Batteries:  The Key Technical Constraint
Mobile Phone Processor Power Today Compares to PCs of 1990’s
Mobile Phone Memory Today Compares to PCs of 1990’s
2003 Camera Phone Resolution Exceeds 1999 Digital Cameras
Your Mobile Device Will Do It All For You
 
3G Providing New Applications From commoditized voice to differentiated data services Shopping Mall
3G Data Services Improves Operator ARPU
 
Success Factors for 3G Seamless Coverage <ul><li>Need broad coverage for consistent provision of services </li></ul>Data R...
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February 2005 3G UPDATE 3G Update

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  • Refers to section 3.2i, 3.3, 3.3bis, 3.4iii, 3.6, 6.2bis This chart depicts the global evolution of major 2 nd Generation (2G) networks to 3G CDMA technologies. The majority of cdmaOne (2G IS-95A and 2.5G IS-95B) operators around the world are migrating directly to CDMA2000 1x, with the option of deploying CDMA2000 1xEV in 2002. Most current GSM operators are deploying 2.5G GPRS to add packet data to their circuit-switched networks. Many incumbent GSM operators in Europe have secured licensed UMTS spectrum and plan to launch WCDMA services some time in 2003. Through 1xMAP (IS-833), an 3G CDMA cross-mode standard, GSM/GPRS operators can deploy CDMA2000 1x using GSM-MAP signaling, leveraging their legacy core networks. TDMA (IS-136) operators are finding less support for global deployment of EDGE/UWC-136 technology. Some TDMA operators have adopted an approach to migrate to GSM/GPRS, then to WCDMA while some others are leveraging their ANSI-41 core networks and deploying a CDMA2000 1x radio interface. As of this writing, NTT DoCoMo, the largest wireless operator in Japan, plans to launch it’s WCDMA service on a limited bases in October 2001. This offering will be single-mode (not backward compatible with its current PDC radio network) and uses NTT proprietary technology for the lower protocol layers and UMTS Release 99 for its other layers.
  • February 2005 3G UPDATE 3G Update

    1. 1. 3G Update February 24, 2005 Ming Li VP, Southeast Asia and Pacific Qualcomm International
    2. 2. <ul><li>Internet (enabled by IP, DWDM optical transmission, </li></ul><ul><li>and broadband access) </li></ul>The Mega-Trend in Communications <ul><li>Wireless mobility and wireless broadband </li></ul><ul><li>Coming together of multimedia and the above </li></ul>
    3. 3. Worldwide Mobile Subscriber Growth
    4. 4. How Does Cellular Network Work Base station (BTS) Cell BSC BSC BSC BTS BTS BTS MSC MSC Cell Core Network Access Network Air link RF handset handset
    5. 5. Mobility Technology Development 80’s Analog (TACS, AMPS ) 1G 90’s Digital Voice (GSM, TDMA, CDMAone ) 2G 00’s Multimedia (GPRS) 2.5G (EDGE) 2.75G (WCDMA/UMTS/3GSM, TD-SCDMA , CDMA2000 ) 3G
    6. 6. Key Drivers for Mobile Market Time CDMA2000 1x More Capacity, High Speed Data Capacity/Quality Roaming Mobility AMPS TDMA GSM PDC cdmaOne IS-95A cdmaOne IS-95B Medium Speed Data Multi-Mode Global Roaming 1G 2G IMT-2000 2.5G Multi-Band Multi-Network GPRS CDMA2000 1xEV WCDMA
    7. 7. Technology and Spectrum Relationship <ul><li>Any technology can run on any spectrum but infrastructure and </li></ul><ul><li>handset availability determined the spectrum used. </li></ul><ul><li>Spectrum that commonly used for CDMAone and CDMA2000 </li></ul><ul><li> 450MHz </li></ul><ul><li> 800MHz </li></ul><ul><li>1900MHz </li></ul><ul><li>Spectrum that commonly used for GSM </li></ul><ul><li> 900MHz </li></ul><ul><li>1800MHz </li></ul><ul><li>1900MHz (Americas) </li></ul><ul><li>Spectrum that commonly used WCDMA/UMTS </li></ul><ul><li>2100MHz </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>In 1999 ITU defined key requirements for IMT-2000 services, more commonly known as 3G </li></ul><ul><li>IMT-2000 requirements: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved system capacity, backward compatibility with second generation (2G) systems, multimedia support, and high speed packet data services meeting the following criteria: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 Mbps in fixed or in-building environments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>384 kbps in pedestrian or urban environments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>144 kbps in wide area mobile environments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Variable data rates in large geographic area systems (satellite) </li></ul></ul>* ITU approved IMT-2000 terrestrial radio interfaces 3G Technology Choices ITU approved family of standards that meet IMT-2000 criteria* - -
    9. 9. Global IMT-2000 Evolution GSM PDC (Japan) CDMA2000 1xEV-DO 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 FOMA (WCDMA) Voice CDMAone UMTS (WCDMA) HSDPA EDGE GPRS TDMA New band New band = 3G CDMA2000 1X Doubles voice, same bandwidth 1xEV-DV 3.1 Mbps Rev A 3.1 Mbps Voice 154 Kbps Rev 0 384 Kbps 2.4 Mbps Rev 0 12-14 Mbps 307 Kbps Rev A
    10. 10. How Fast is Wireless Mobile? Approximate transfer times for a 3 minute MP3 song file Download Time Air Interface Data Rate In Seconds GSM 9.6 kbps 2466 (41 minutes) ouch! IS-95A CDMA 14.4 kbps 1852 (31 minutes) GPRS 45 kbps 526 (8.8 minutes) IS-95B CDMA 64 kbps 364 (6 minutes) EDGE 80 kbps* 295 (5 minutes) CDMA2000 1X 144 kbps** 161 (2.7 minutes) with 1.25 MHz WCDMA 384 kbps*** 61 (1 minute) with 5 MHz 1xEV-DO 2.4 Mbps 11 (0.2 minutes) with 1.25 MHz * Maximum data rate of Nokia 6200 EDGE phone on AT&T Wireless network, as of May 20, 2003 ** Peak data rate for first commercial release of 1x MC terminals will be 153.8 kbps *** At launch of service, the WCDMA’s reverse link will only support 64 kbps
    11. 11. WCDMA vs. EDGE Normal Hour (1pm) Peak Hour (6pm) 60 80 160 130 <ul><li>WCDMA can achieve peak data transfer rate at 230 kbps and 180 kbps during Normal Hour and Peak Hour, respectively </li></ul><ul><li>EDGE usage is light </li></ul><ul><li>Tests conducted in HK in Aug 2004 </li></ul>(was 180 in Feb) (was 170 in Feb)
    12. 12. 3G Network Increased Voice Capacity Lower Cost Voice Drives Minutes of Use
    13. 13. QUALCOMM Corporate Overview <ul><li>QUALCOMM develops, delivers & enables innovative digital wireless communications products & services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pioneer of CDMA technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Established 1985 in San Diego, California </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$4.9B revenue in FY 2004 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 7,000 employees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offices in 21 countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Market cap at US$50B+ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Major business : technology licensing and chipset </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 3,200 patents (issued and pending) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>World’s largest fabless semiconductor company </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Qualcomm’s Unique Patent Position
    15. 15. 3G Operators <ul><li>As of Jan 12, 2005, there were 125 commercial 3G networks in 56 regions </li></ul><ul><li>CDMA2000 1x : 73 operators </li></ul><ul><li>CDMA200 1x EV-DO : 13 operators </li></ul><ul><li>WCDMA : 43 operators </li></ul>Source : 3gtoday.com
    16. 16. 3G Operators (continue) <ul><li>SKT is the biggest 3G operator with 17M+ subscribers as of Dec 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>In Oct 2000, SK Telecom launched the world’s 1 st commercial 3G network </li></ul><ul><li>based on CDMA2000 1x </li></ul><ul><li>DoCoMo launched world’s 1 st WCDMA 3G network (FOMA) in Oct 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>Hutchison 3 launched “real” WCDMA services in Italy in March 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>In Greater China region : </li></ul><ul><li>China Unicom CDMA2000 1x (Jan 2002) </li></ul><ul><li>APBW Taiwan CDMA2000 1x (July 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>Huchison 3 WCDMA (Jan 2004) </li></ul>
    17. 17. Global 3G Subscriber Growth
    18. 18. Is 2G To 3G an Upgrade or a Migration? <ul><li>For CDMAone (2G) to CDMA2000 (3G) is an upgrade . </li></ul><ul><li>Swap channel cards inside the BTS and do a software upgrade. </li></ul><ul><li>No need to change frequency band. </li></ul><ul><li>Original 2G handsets can continue to obtain voice service over </li></ul><ul><li>the new 3G network. </li></ul><ul><li>For GSM (2G) to WCDMA/UMTS (3G) is a migration . </li></ul><ul><li>Re-build entire access network at different frequency band. </li></ul><ul><li>Operator needs to maintain two access networks (i.e. GSM </li></ul><ul><li>network for 2G and WCDMA/UMTS network for 3G). </li></ul><ul><li>GSM handsets supported by GSM network; WCDMS/UMTS </li></ul><ul><li>handsets supported by WCDMA network; while there is no </li></ul><ul><li>WCDMA coverage, it will be switched to GSM network for </li></ul><ul><li>voice service only. </li></ul>
    19. 19. What Caused the Delay of 3G WCDMA/UMTS? <ul><li>Huge spectrum fee drained capex investment </li></ul><ul><li>Over optimistic towards product development time </li></ul><ul><li>Immature product (hardware as well as software) </li></ul><ul><li>Interoperability challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of volume to drive down handset cost at the initial stage </li></ul><ul><li>Total rebuild of the wireless access network is costly </li></ul>
    20. 20. Chip Set Integration Reduce size, cost and battery consumption
    21. 21. Over 614 3G CDMA/WCDMA device models have been commercialized by 56 vendors
    22. 22. Initial Milestones Impacting 3G Subscriber Transition
    23. 23. WCDMA is Now On The Move Hutchison has been the driver of 3G WCDMA. DoCoMo is the largest WCDMA operator with 9M subscribers. Estimated 15M+ WCDMA Subscribers globally at 2004 year end 36 WCDMA operators Launched services
    24. 24. Wireless Growth Driver : 3G Devices
    25. 25. Batteries: The Key Technical Constraint
    26. 26. Mobile Phone Processor Power Today Compares to PCs of 1990’s
    27. 27. Mobile Phone Memory Today Compares to PCs of 1990’s
    28. 28. 2003 Camera Phone Resolution Exceeds 1999 Digital Cameras
    29. 29. Your Mobile Device Will Do It All For You
    30. 31. 3G Providing New Applications From commoditized voice to differentiated data services Shopping Mall
    31. 32. 3G Data Services Improves Operator ARPU
    32. 34. Success Factors for 3G Seamless Coverage <ul><li>Need broad coverage for consistent provision of services </li></ul>Data Rates to Meet Throughput Requirements <ul><li>Video telephony – 64-384 kbps </li></ul><ul><li>Video and audio streaming – 32-384 kbps </li></ul>Handsets <ul><li>Availability of wide range of devices </li></ul><ul><li>Functionality: color displays, MP3 players, MPEG4, integrated cameras, GPS, voice recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Low prices (reaching below $200) </li></ul><ul><li>Battery life = 2G/2.5G Phones </li></ul>Content <ul><li>Mass market: Multi-media messaging, downloadable ringtones, games </li></ul><ul><li>Wide range of applications for market segments </li></ul><ul><li>Enterprise: Real-time access to email and Intranet </li></ul><ul><li>Partnering with leading content providers </li></ul>Pricing <ul><li>Understandable, Affordable, flexible </li></ul><ul><li>Offer flat pricing, and range of data services </li></ul>
    33. 35. Thank You !
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