Converging 2G/3G and UMTS/CDMA
    on Common Backhaul Infrastructure
              Session 4 • April 2, 2008 • 2:00 p.m. P...
Today’s Speakers



                 Stéphane Téral
                 Principal Analyst, SP VoIP, IMS, and Mobile Infrastru...
Agenda


• Market Trends
• Problems to Be Solved
• New Options and Solutions
• Service Provider Deployment Applications
• ...
Agenda

• Market Trends
• Problems to Be Solved
• New Options and Solutions
• Service Provider Deployment Applications
• S...
Mobile Broadband Is Taking Off…

• …with many flavors, and many technologies



            XOHM           iPhone         ...
Agenda

• Market Trends
• Problems to Be Solved
• New Options and Solutions
• Service Provider Deployment Applications
• S...
Problems and Challenges
•       Situation
         – Mobile operators traditionally have relied on LEC T1 circuit switched...
Problems and Challenges

•       What to implement to meet my requirements for today and tomorrow?
         – Short term s...
Ethernet and TDM Coexistence


                                               Microwave is the dominant
                  ...
Mobile Backhaul
  Technology Evolution

PDH Transport                                                                     ...
Agenda

• Market Trends
• Problems to Be Solved
• New Options and Solutions
• Service Provider Deployment Applications
• S...
New Options and Solutions

•        Sprint has several solutions available for 2G/3G backhaul depending on
         econom...
New Options and Solutions

• Extend the IP/MPLS core capabilities into the RAN backhaul
  network
• Support inter-MSC and ...
New Options and Solutions:
    Carrier Ethernet Acceleration
                     Portal                                  ...
How the RAN Could Look
            in 0–3 Years

Cell site                                      Pre Agg                   ...
Migration

• Solutions must fully support today’s hybrid network
      – TDM, ATM, possibly IP/Ethernet

• As older techno...
MPLS

• Established standard to manage traffic flows
• Ease of interoperability between vendors
• Ease of interoperability...
Proposed Migration Models


                   nXT1/E1
                                       ?
                    ETH


...
Ethernet Increases Reliability
              Dynamic Adaptive Modulation
                                                 ...
Not All traffic Is Created Equal
        With Adaptive Ethernet Microwave: (Win-Win)
        Gain overall capacity while i...
GSM Wireless Backhaul
            Optimization
                                        Standard cell site connectivity
   ...
EoPDH for Mobile Backhaul
                                               PDH, SONET/SDH
                                  ...
CDMA Optimization:
        Aggregation CDMA 2000 and EV-DO
         Interwork EV-DO and CDMA 2000 so that CDMA backhaul ca...
Migration to IP RAN Transport
   with Pseudowires
                                                                TDM
    ...
Agenda

• Market Trends
• Problems to Be Solved
• New Options and Solutions
• Service Provider Deployment Applications
• S...
Hybrid Fixed Wireless/Wireline
Architecture


                                      Tier 1
                               ...
Upgrade from SDH/PDH to CE
            Using Same Architecture
                               RAN Edge                    ...
High Availability Options

                            Resilient Fabric
                            MPLS-TE FRR
          ...
CDMA, GSM, and
    Fixed Networks over CE/MPLS

GSM - BTS

 Node-B

CDMA-BTS                                              ...
Backhaul Considerations




          Base Station
                                    Aggregate Switch                   ...
Native2 Microwave RAN access

                                               Native 2
                                    ...
Real-World Customer Deployment:
Architecture Today
                              DS0 grooming of GSM / UMTS links with T1 ...
Real-World Customer Deployment:
Architecture for HSDPA Offload
                                  • UMTS IMA switched to ba...
iConnect™ Wireless Backhaul




34                            Copyright © 2008
                              Inf onetics R...
Agenda

• Market Trends
• Problems to Be Solved
• New Options and Solutions
• Service Provider Deployment Applications
• S...
Cisco in the RAN Portfolio
      Intelligent Broadband at Reduced Costs

                                                 ...
Native2 Microwave RAN Backhaul
                             Native2

                                              XC     ...
Native2 to the Hub/Agg/Chain Site;
  Pseudowire to the Network
                       Native Ethernet
                    ...
Turin’s Approach
• Turin Networks’ solutions enable wireless operators to:
   – Build a unified RAN to distribute 2G/3G se...
Agenda

• Market Trends
• Problems to Be Solved
• New Options and Solutions
• Service Provider Deployment Applications
• S...
Conclusions

• The wireless industry needs to cut backhaul unit cost, and
  redirect spend away from the LECs
   – Sprint ...
Today’s Speakers



                 Stéphane Téral
                 Principal Analyst, SP VoIP, IMS, and Mobile Infrastru...
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Converging 2G/3G and UMTS/CDMA on Common Backhaul Infrastructure

  1. 1. Converging 2G/3G and UMTS/CDMA on Common Backhaul Infrastructure Session 4 • April 2, 2008 • 2:00 p.m. PT Panelists Presented by 1 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  2. 2. Today’s Speakers Stéphane Téral Principal Analyst, SP VoIP, IMS, and Mobile Infrastructure Aviv Ronai Dan Kurschner Bruce Miller Craig Cowden Chief Marketing officer Systems Marketing CTO & VP of VP, Cable/VoIP & 2 Manager Engineering Access 2008 Copyright © Strategy Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  3. 3. Agenda • Market Trends • Problems to Be Solved • New Options and Solutions • Service Provider Deployment Applications • Sponsor Approaches • Conclusions • Q&A 3 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  4. 4. Agenda • Market Trends • Problems to Be Solved • New Options and Solutions • Service Provider Deployment Applications • Sponsor Approaches • Conclusions • Q&A 4 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  5. 5. Mobile Broadband Is Taking Off… • …with many flavors, and many technologies XOHM iPhone Next G Mobile Web 2.0 WiMAX GSM/EDGE W-CDMA/HSPA CDMA2000 EV-DO • And is accelerating bandwidth demand for cell site backhaul – Migration from TDM to Ethernet-based backhaul services is critical for achieving the scalability, bandwidth upgrade agility, and unit cost targets to enable profitable growth in data services 5 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  6. 6. Agenda • Market Trends • Problems to Be Solved • New Options and Solutions • Service Provider Deployment Applications • Sponsor Approaches • Conclusions • Q&A 6 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  7. 7. Problems and Challenges • Situation – Mobile operators traditionally have relied on LEC T1 circuit switched connectivity as the default backhaul option – Trend: Unlimited voice and data services increase BH traffic demand – As backhaul capacity grows, opex grows faster than supporting revenues • Action – Must find BH solutions that decouple current cost-capacity dynamic • Result – Evolve to Ethernet infrastructure while preserving capital investments – Pursue hybrid fixed wireless/wireline backhaul architecture – Bandwidth upgrade speed is logical (vs. physical) and flexible – Maintain carrier-class performance requirements As wireless carriers add capacity intensive apps and services, backhaul efficiency must be optimized to sustain margins 7 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  8. 8. Problems and Challenges • What to implement to meet my requirements for today and tomorrow? – Short term solution for my immediate needs, but will be obsolete in 2-3 years? – Delay implementing broadband backhaul until my network is all-IP? – Is there a solution for my immediate needs and future all IP broadband requirements? • Design a Carrier Ethernet network to support the needs of the mobility user – Latency - Clock Distribution - Open Standards - Quality of Service - High Availability - Multimedia Services • Find technology partner able to support my evolving requirements over time – Will my technology partner deliver what was promised? – Will the features they provide be in their development main stream, so that future upgrades and scaling can be accomplished without heavy lift or expense? 8 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  9. 9. Ethernet and TDM Coexistence Microwave is the dominant backhaul technology Microwave backhaul is required to carry both Ethernet & TDM traffic ~80% of 3G cell sites are collocated with 2G cell sites Source: Heavy Reading, Ethernet Back haul Quarterly Mark et Track er, Nov 2007 9 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  10. 10. Mobile Backhaul Technology Evolution PDH Transport NxT1 NxT1/E1 – DS1 equipped intermediate facilities TDM … BT – Challenge: Operational cost savings and DS1 S Facilities evolution to Ethernet Or Microwave Fiber and Ethernet Microwave Copper and TDM Ethernet Evolution Microwave Evolution Optimization Optimization NxT1 NxT1 NxT1/E1 TDM … NxT1/E1 TDM … BT Circuit Emulation Ethernet BT S Ethernet Ethernet S TDM … PWE EoPDH 10 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  11. 11. Agenda • Market Trends • Problems to Be Solved • New Options and Solutions • Service Provider Deployment Applications • Sponsor Approaches • Conclusions • Q&A 11 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  12. 12. New Options and Solutions • Sprint has several solutions available for 2G/3G backhaul depending on economics, availability, and network performance – Preferred wireline-based solutions include: • Fiber to the cell site via cable MSOs, AAVs, or dark fiber • Ethernet over hybrid fiber/coax using DOCSIS from cable MSOs • Ethernet over copper from AAVs • Migration to Ethernet requires either circuit emulation or retrofitting BTSs – Preferred multi-tier hybrid fixed wireless/wireline solutions include: • LMDS – point-to-point and point-to-multi-point • Common carrier microwave • BRS (2.5Ghz spectrum) – Sprint’s deployment of a converged backhaul solution for WiMAX will be leveraged for 2G/3G backhaul • Initial 2G/3G convergence will be TDM with migration to Ethernet dependent on economics of retrofitting existing BTS to IP across all vendors 12 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  13. 13. New Options and Solutions • Extend the IP/MPLS core capabilities into the RAN backhaul network • Support inter-MSC and inter-RNC transport over CE/MPLS • Convergence of ALL RAN traffic, regardless of generation or technology (2G, 3G, GSM, CDMA …) • Carrier Ethernet implementation that fulfills all mobile requirements – Low latency – Clock distribution – IP security – High availability • 5 x 9’s capable • > 50ms route recovery • Path redundancy 13 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  14. 14. New Options and Solutions: Carrier Ethernet Acceleration Portal Subscriber Identity Address Policy Wireless Monitoring Billing Database Mgmt Definition Service Exchange Content Network Residential Access Carrier Ethernet Aggregation Edge Ethernet Residential BNG VoD TV SIP Access Node STB Business STP Corporate ETTX Access Rings Business Aggregation Network Core Network MPLS/IP IP / MPLS Corporate Residential DSL Access Aggregation Node Aggregation Distribution Node Node Business MSE Node STB E1: T1: 10Mb 100Mb $300-400 $250-350 Ethernet: Ethernet: Mbps/mo Mbps/mo $80-100 $15-20 Mbps/mo Mbps/mo Source: Infonetics 14 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  15. 15. How the RAN Could Look in 0–3 Years Cell site Pre Agg Aggregation Core site 10,000+ 500+ 30+ 2+ BTS MGW Microwave BSC Cell Node B Site Voice PW ov er PW ov er IP/MPLS IP/MPLS RNC IP/MPLS BTS IP/MPLS SGSN GGSN Node B Synchronous Ethernet and 1588 Data RAN Core 15 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  16. 16. Migration • Solutions must fully support today’s hybrid network – TDM, ATM, possibly IP/Ethernet • As older technologies phase out, new technologies expand • Need to scale • Need to support new applications that may not be considered at this time – Most applications running over networks today were not thought of 10 years ago The answer: • Flexible, powerful platforms and software based on open standards 16 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  17. 17. MPLS • Established standard to manage traffic flows • Ease of interoperability between vendors • Ease of interoperability between Layers 2 and 3 • Best support for traffic mix • Proven to support all types of traffic as more and different applications are introduced to the Packet Network • Supports more than just point-to-point – P2MP, IPTV (Unicast, Multicast, etc.) • De-centralized intelligence ensures fast reaction and handling of all traffic during network difficulties 17 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  18. 18. Proposed Migration Models nXT1/E1 ? ETH Control TDMoETH All Packet Map TDM over packet (PWE) When Map Ethernet over PDH/ SDH ETHoTDM Sonet/SDH Safe & Familiar Native2 Carry natively each traffic ETH & TDM Enjoy Both Worlds 18 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  19. 19. Ethernet Increases Reliability Dynamic Adaptive Modulation • Graceful link degradation and recovery • Drop traffic based on Class of Service • Optimal performance when used in Ethernet • Goal – Improve operational efficiency of microwave links by increasing network capacity over existing infrastructure while reducing sensitivity to environmental interferences • How does it work? – Utilize highest possible modulation considering the changing environmental conditions – Hitless and errorless switchover between modulation schemes based on signal quality 19 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  20. 20. Not All traffic Is Created Equal With Adaptive Ethernet Microwave: (Win-Win) Gain overall capacity while increasing availability 250 200 150 99.9% 100 99.99% 99.999% 50 0 Availability Capacity Adaptive - Both Single service: Multiple services (Σ = 200Mbps) 50Mbps @99.999% 50Mbps @99.999% Or the equivalent or 105Mbps @99.99% 155Mbps @99.99% 45Mbps @99.9% 20 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  21. 21. GSM Wireless Backhaul Optimization Standard cell site connectivity Sector 1 Sector 1 traffic Sector 3 Sector 2 Sector 2 traffic BSC Sector 3 traffic EDGE Signalling Non GSM systems Optimized connections Optimization 30% - 50% Remove unwanted bits Silence Dynamic Bandwidth Gain Sector 1 suppression Pooling Sector 2 Sector 3 BSC Signalling Non GSM systems 10% 45% 15-40% 10-20%<< Incremental Efficiency Gains 21 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  22. 22. EoPDH for Mobile Backhaul PDH, SONET/SDH Internet T1s/E1s in Ethernet Service Ethernet Bonded Microwave OC-n/STM-n Frame T1s/E1s Backhaul Frame (EVC) Provider Mobile Switching Center or Cell Site EoPDH EoPDH Switching RAN CLE LEC Aggregator Hub Aggregated Switching DS1/E1 Switching Hub Hub Ethernet • Enables mobile operators to backhaul and aggregate data services over a Carrier Ethernet infrastructure – Terminates PDH circuits at hub sites resulting in more efficient (lower OpEx) transport of 4G IP services – Natural evolution of current TDM-based backhaul network to more efficiently transport high growth IP-centric applications • Enables subscriber data service aggregation and oversubscription over Carrier Ethernet transport network between switching hubs 22 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  23. 23. CDMA Optimization: Aggregation CDMA 2000 and EV-DO Interwork EV-DO and CDMA 2000 so that CDMA backhaul can be optimized by at least 3:2, and most likely by a much higher ratio Cell Site Cell Site Mobile Mobile BTS Switching Switching Office Office CSU/DSU EV-DO T1 CDMA T1 to OC-3 to Ethernet 2000 CSU/DSU T1 Data Digital CDMA Switch or Cross-connects T1 2000 Router CDMA CSU/DSU T1 2000 CDMA AMPS CDMA CSU/DSU AMPS CDMA Alarm Alarm EV-DO Access Access CSU/DSU Before – Circuit Based After – Packet Based Costly Multiple-T1 Cell Site Backhaul Cost Efficient Cell Site Data Network Plus Remote Management 23 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  24. 24. Migration to IP RAN Transport with Pseudowires TDM SONET/SDH RNC BSC 3G 2G 2G ATM Public Internet Metro Ethernet 3G IP/MPLS IP Services 2G 3G 4G • Evolutionary migration converges both IP and legacy services to packet/IP-based transport • Leverages cost effective Ethernet services/technology • Support future technologies such as UMTS Rel. 5&6, and HSDPA • Enhanced QoS traffic prioritization 24 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  25. 25. Agenda • Market Trends • Problems to Be Solved • New Options and Solutions • Service Provider Deployment Applications • Sponsor Approaches • Conclusions • Q&A 25 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  26. 26. Hybrid Fixed Wireless/Wireline Architecture Tier 1 Wireless Aggregation 4G Converged Backhaul DO-0&A Enterprise 1xRTT iDEN Enterprise Tier 2 Sprint Aggregation Backhaul 4G Backhaul Hub to Microwave DO-0&A Switch 1xRTT Sprint Facilities And/Or NOTE: Migrating 2G/3G iDEN to Ethernet requires circuit LMDS emulation (pseudowire) or And/Or retrofitting BTS to be BRS (2.5Ghz) Ethernet ready. Ethernet over DWDM And/Or Ethernet over SONET And/Or Third Party Provider 26 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  27. 27. Upgrade from SDH/PDH to CE Using Same Architecture RAN Edge RAN Core Cell Access Aggregation Agg Site Site Layer Layer BS RN C C MSC STM1/4 Ring Server .. SIGTRA N- Cell Site Agg Site Control STM1/4 Ring BS RN Plane STM4/16 C C Ring STM1/4 Ring Voic 622M/2.5G e .. Bear STM16/DW er Agg Site MG Cell Site STM1/4 Ring DM Plan ... W 2.5G/10G RAN Edge e RAN Core BS RN C C Cell Access SGSNAggregatio Pack Agg Site STM1/4 Ring Site Layer et n BS R Core C N Layer ... C MSC STM4/16 GE Ring Server Cell Site .. Ring SIGTR AN- STM1/4 Ring 622M/2.5G Cell Site Agg Site Contro GE Ring BS R l Plane 10GE Ring C N C GE Ring Voic e .. IPoDWD Bear Agg Site M er Cell Site M Ring ... GE Ring G Plan W e BS R C N C SGSN Pack GE Ring et ... Core 10GE Ring Cell Site GE Ring 27 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  28. 28. High Availability Options Resilient Fabric MPLS-TE FRR NSF-SSO ISSU 28 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  29. 29. CDMA, GSM, and Fixed Networks over CE/MPLS GSM - BTS Node-B CDMA-BTS PSTN DOM RNC RNC RNC IP/MPLS UMTS EVDO Core MSC BSC BSC BSC GSM - BTS GSM CDMA Node-B CDMA-BTS DOM Internet/ Intranet 29 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  30. 30. Backhaul Considerations Base Station Aggregate Switch Control POP Access Backhaul Aggregation Backhaul Aggregation Backhaul BS Backhaul • Scalability: 20-100 Mbit/s • Capacity • Low cost: a lot of base stations • Availability • Network utilization: (TDM/packet mix) • End-to-end (latency, QOS, reliability) 1. What bandwidth to plan to? 2. Where is the right spot for placing a Pseudowire (PW) engine? 3. When is the right time? 4. What would be the best deployment business model? 5. What statistical gains to assume? 30 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  31. 31. Native2 Microwave RAN access Native 2 Ethernet and TDM Coexistence 1+0 FibeAir IP-10 Tail site #1 Native 2 Native 2 1+1 1+0 Packet or TDM FibeAir IP-10 based fiber FibeAir IP-10 Native 2 aggregation Tail site #2 1+0 network FibeAir IP-10 or leased lines Native 2 Aggregation site 1+1 Fiber site FibeAir IP-10 RNC/ BSC Tail site #3 Native 2 1+0 n x T1/E1 Ethernet FibeAir IP-10 MW Radio link FibeAir IP-10 Tail site #4 Chain site IP-10 with integrated Ethernet switching & TDM cross-connect Channelized STM1/OC3 31 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  32. 32. Real-World Customer Deployment: Architecture Today DS0 grooming of GSM / UMTS links with T1 backhaul UMTS BSC T1 SMLC LEC T1 Backhaul T1 network MSC SIAD T1 GSM T1 MSN LMU TDMA RNC 10/100 Ethernet SGSN MGW Ethernet Cell site EMS System Cell site Alarming 32 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  33. 33. Real-World Customer Deployment: Architecture for HSDPA Offload • UMTS IMA switched to backhaul ATM/DS3C UMTS • IMA T1 to NodeB • HSDPA over PWE/Ethernet BSC T1/IMA SMLC GSM MSC T1 SIAD T1/IMA T1 V.35 DS3c MSN LMU TDMA RNC 10/100 Ethernet TDM / ATM Ethernet Services from LEC SGSN HSDPA Data offload MGW Ethernet Services from Cell site LEC EMS System Cell site Alarming 33 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  34. 34. iConnect™ Wireless Backhaul 34 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  35. 35. Agenda • Market Trends • Problems to Be Solved • New Options and Solutions • Service Provider Deployment Applications • Sponsor Approaches • Conclusions • Q&A 35 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  36. 36. Cisco in the RAN Portfolio Intelligent Broadband at Reduced Costs PSTN BSC RNC CE/MPLS RNC IP/MPLS Core via PW E3 HS DPA Data Cisco 7606 MSC MWR-1941 Pseudowire over MPLS Cisco 7609 BSC via S ve PL a Cisco 7600 7606 3/ Mcr ow E i Cisco 7604 PW E M C Internet/ ck Intranet Clo nd a 3 ffic E BSC RNC Tr a ia PW A ll v 2G 3G ACE-3200 4G PWE3 36 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  37. 37. Native2 Microwave RAN Backhaul Native2 XC Aggregation Site Core Site BSC IP/MPLS Cisco Ceragon FibeAir 7600 Cell Site Pseu dow ire Gatew ay Cisco 7600 RNC Pre-Aggregation Site Native2 Native2 XC Fiber Site Ceragon FibeAir Tail site Ethernet E1/T1 ( TDM/ATM) Tail site OC-3/STM-1 Microwave radio with integrated networking and nodal capabilities Pseudow ire 37 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  38. 38. Native2 to the Hub/Agg/Chain Site; Pseudowire to the Network Native Ethernet XC Aggregation Site Core Site BSC Pseudow ire IP/MPLS Cisco Ceragon FibeAir Pseu 7600 Cell Site dow ire Gatew ay Cisco 7600 RNC Pre-Aggregation Site Native2 re Cisco 7600 ow i e ud XC Ps IP/MPLS Ceragon FibeAir Tail site Ethernet E1/T1 ( TDM/ATM) Tail site OC-3/STM-1 Terminate the TDM/ATM as soon as possible: Pseudow ire At the hub. Reopen at the Network Controller. 38 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  39. 39. Turin’s Approach • Turin Networks’ solutions enable wireless operators to: – Build a unified RAN to distribute 2G/3G services while greatly reducing space, power and cost – Assure OPEX and CAPEX savings via software definable architecture and cell site Multi-Service Transport – Seamlessly migrate access networks from TDM to ATM to IP/Ethernet technologies – Allow use of lower cost transport alternatives to carry (or offload) existing services as bandwidth demands increase – Begin to transition existing TDM, SONET/SDH and ATM network infrastructures to true IP based/IMS networks Turin’s iConnect wireless backhaul solutions support any service over any transport enabling the operator to deliver high revenue-generating data services while reducing operating costs by an average of 25% with an ROI of less than 12 months 39 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  40. 40. Agenda • Market Trends • Problems to Be Solved • New Options and Solutions • Service Provider Deployment Applications • Sponsor Approaches • Conclusions • Q&A 40 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  41. 41. Conclusions • The wireless industry needs to cut backhaul unit cost, and redirect spend away from the LECs – Sprint believes per Mb price points need to be at least 50% below LEC T1 rates • Vendors are embracing the challenge and proposing various solutions: – Cisco: Carrier Ethernet-based platform – Ceragon: Native2 (carrying natively each traffic type) and/or Pseudowire – Turin: iConnect, which supports any service over any transport • Bottom Line – Aggregating bandwidth demand across all wireless platforms, existing and future, is the name of the game… – …with Ethernet as the focal technology 41 Copyright © 2008 Inf onetics Research, Inc.
  42. 42. Today’s Speakers Stéphane Téral Principal Analyst, SP VoIP, IMS, and Mobile Infrastructure Aviv Ronai Dan Kurschner Bruce Miller Craig Cowden Chief Marketing officer Systems Marketing CTO & VP of VP, Cable/VoIP & 42 Manager Engineering Access 2008 Copyright © Strategy Inf onetics Research, Inc.
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