ACCESS TO THE INTERNET

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ACCESS TO THE INTERNET

  1. 1. ACCESS TO THE INTERNET Rotary Centennial Convention ICUFR 27 th June 2005
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Developing Countries </li></ul><ul><li>Fixed Lines </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile phones </li></ul><ul><li>WiFi </li></ul><ul><li>I-Burst </li></ul><ul><li>Wi Max </li></ul><ul><li>PDA’s </li></ul><ul><li>Where Next? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Developing Countries <ul><li>Tanzania - 120 café’s in Dar es Salaam </li></ul><ul><li>Mozambique - Invaruba smart facility </li></ul><ul><li>Cuba - pay phones with internet access in year 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Nepal – Wifi hotspot in year 2005 – internet cafés cost $0.50 per hour! </li></ul>
  4. 4. Fixed Lines Europe and S Africa (1) <ul><li>Basic Service 38kbps / 56kbps dial up </li></ul><ul><li>Isdn not much faster but phone and data available simultaneously </li></ul><ul><li>ADSL shared at Isp level. </li></ul><ul><li>Cap of 3 gigs, then differential pricing local and international </li></ul><ul><li>Broadband 1 meg per sec </li></ul>
  5. 5. Fixed Lines Europe and S Africa (2) <ul><li>Cable TV, lots of spare capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Utility wires – experiment in UK </li></ul><ul><li>Fibre optics in disused gas lines </li></ul><ul><li>Wraparound High Voltage power lines experiment in Australia and New Zealand </li></ul><ul><li>Problem is the last mile </li></ul>
  6. 6. Mobile Phones (1) <ul><li>Initially used as a modem on time basis </li></ul><ul><li>Connection via cable, infrared, and bluetooth </li></ul><ul><li>Now GPRS or 3G charged on data transferred </li></ul><ul><li>Cheap in S Africa US $0.30 per meg </li></ul><ul><li>UK US$ 3.60 per meg </li></ul><ul><li>Europe on UK roaming US$ 16.00 per meg </li></ul>
  7. 7. Mobile phones (2) <ul><li>Edge enhanced GPRS up to 200kps change between GPRS and Edge transparent to user </li></ul><ul><li>Main use WAP or light web browsing </li></ul><ul><li>Teething problems when crossing cells </li></ul><ul><li>Main use – vehicle tracking </li></ul><ul><li>APN in GPRS settings link to private network or VPN </li></ul>
  8. 8. Mobile phones (3) <ul><li>3G hi speed data link. The high cost was the purchase of frequency bands </li></ul><ul><li>Much faster than GPRS can use for video conference calls </li></ul><ul><li>These use proprietary ISP’s, e.g. Vodafone in UK </li></ul><ul><li>New phones can multitask data and voice </li></ul>
  9. 9. Our Hut on the mountain top Excellent mobile phone and GPRS reception
  10. 10. PDA’S (1) <ul><li>Phone merges with PDA and Digital Camera </li></ul><ul><li>Blackberry good example </li></ul><ul><li>Operating systems Symbian, Windows CE, Palm, support for Java </li></ul><ul><li>Push email client, informs you of mail waiting – “Always on” </li></ul>
  11. 11. PDA’S (2) <ul><li>Nokia 9500 full email and web browser with Excel and Word </li></ul><ul><li>If this technology expands it will take business from independent ISP’s </li></ul>
  12. 14. WIFI (1) <ul><li>Hot spot driven </li></ul><ul><li>A gateway or router with multichannel capability </li></ul><ul><li>Distance 30 to 300 metres </li></ul><ul><li>With antenna can go to 25kms </li></ul>
  13. 15. WIFI (2) <ul><li>Initially free, e.g. drive near to a large corporation and tap in </li></ul><ul><li>Starbucks known as promoter for marketing purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive coverage at airports </li></ul><ul><li>Quite expensive for casual use. </li></ul><ul><li>Free to contract holders </li></ul>
  14. 16. WIFI (3) <ul><li>T-mobile has Heathrow contract, Mweb Cape Town contract </li></ul><ul><li>Heathrow US$ 9.00 per hour US$ 14 per 3 hours </li></ul><ul><li>Bangkok US$ 6.00 per hour </li></ul><ul><li>Some places are cheap – Munich downtown café US$ 4.00 all day </li></ul><ul><li>Available through BT on UK motorway stops </li></ul>
  15. 17. WI MAX <ul><li>Same application as WIFI </li></ul><ul><li>distances > 40kms </li></ul><ul><li>Needs masts and modems speed superior to WIFI </li></ul><ul><li>WiMax Intel embedding into new motherboard chipsets </li></ul><ul><li>One solution to the last mile problem </li></ul>
  16. 18. I Burst <ul><li>Wireless modem using data cellular technology </li></ul><ul><li>Optimised for data speeds up to 1 meg per second </li></ul><ul><li>Speed depends on no. of users online </li></ul><ul><li>Installed in major cities in S Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Threat to fixed line and mobile phone companies </li></ul>
  17. 19. Inmarsat <ul><li>Satellite data services </li></ul><ul><li>Twice GPRS data rates </li></ul><ul><li>Global coverage </li></ul><ul><li>Spot beam to high usage areas </li></ul><ul><li>Very expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly used at sea and remote geological sites </li></ul><ul><li>Also journalists in war areas </li></ul>
  18. 20. WHERE NEXT ?

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