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    2006 Report.doc 2006 Report.doc Document Transcript

    • Broadband Coverage in Europe Final Report 2006 Survey Data as of 31 December 2005 DG INFSO November 2006
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Table of contents 1. Executive Summary..........................................................................................................................6 2. Points concerning the methodology...............................................................................................7 3. European benchmark.......................................................................................................................9 3.1. EU-25 + Norway & Iceland at end 2005....................................................................................9 3.2. EU-15 + Norway & Iceland from end 2003 to end 2005...........................................................27 4. Country profiles..............................................................................................................................40 4.1. Austria......................................................................................................................................40 4.2. Belgium...................................................................................................................................44 4.3. Cyprus......................................................................................................................................48 4.4. The Czech Republic................................................................................................................51 4.5. Denmark...................................................................................................................................54 4.6. Estonia....................................................................................................................................58 4.7. Finland......................................................................................................................................61 4.8. France.....................................................................................................................................65 4.9. Germany..................................................................................................................................69 4.10. Greece....................................................................................................................................73 4.11. Hungary.................................................................................................................................76 4.12. Iceland....................................................................................................................................80 4.13. Ireland....................................................................................................................................84 4.14. Italy........................................................................................................................................88 4.15. Latvia.....................................................................................................................................92 4.16. Lithuania.................................................................................................................................96 4.17. Luxembourg........................................................................................................................100 4.18. Malta....................................................................................................................................104 4.19. The Netherlands...................................................................................................................108 4.20. Norway................................................................................................................................112 4.21. Poland.................................................................................................................................116 4.22. Portugal...............................................................................................................................120 4.23. Slovakia...............................................................................................................................124 4.24. Slovenia...............................................................................................................................128 4.25. Spain....................................................................................................................................131 4.26. Sweden...............................................................................................................................135 4.27. The United Kingdom............................................................................................................139 November 2006 IDATE 2
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey List of figures for European Benchmark Figure 1: Broadband subscriber bases at the end of 2005 (in million subscribers).......................9 Figure 2: Broadband penetration at the end of 2005.......................................................................10 Figure 3: National DSL coverage at the end of 2005.......................................................................11 Figure 4: DSL coverage in rural areas at the end of 2005..............................................................12 Figure 5: National DSL subscriber bases at the end of 2005 (in million subscribers).................13 Figure 6: National DSL penetration at the end of 2005....................................................................14 Figure 7: DSL penetration in rural areas at the end of 2005...........................................................15 Figure 8: DSL subscriber bases broken down by download rates, at the end of 2005................16 Figure 9: Breakdown of rural DSL subscriber bases by download rate, at the end of 2005........16 Figure 10: DSL subscriber bases broken down by access origin, at the end of 2005..................17 Figure 11: Breakdown of rural DSL subscriber bases by access origin, at the end of 2005.......17 Figure 12: National cable modem coverage at the end of 2005......................................................18 Figure 13: Cable modem coverage in rural areas at the end of 2005.............................................19 Figure 14: National cable modem subscriber bases at the end of 2005 (in million subscribers)20 Figure 15: National cable modem penetration at the end of 2005..................................................21 Figure 16: Cable modem penetration in rural areas at the end of 2005.........................................22 Figure 17: Breakdown of cable modem subscriber bases by download rates, at the end of 2005 ........................................................................................................................................................23 Figure 18: Breakdown of rural cable modem subscriber bases by download rates, at end 2005 ........................................................................................................................................................23 Figure 19: National 3G coverage at the end of 2005........................................................................24 Figure 20: National 3G subscriber bases at the end of 2005 (in million subscribers)..................25 Figure 21: National 3G penetration at the end of 2005....................................................................26 Figure 22: National DSL coverage.....................................................................................................27 Figure 23: Rural DSL coverage..........................................................................................................28 Figure 24: National cable modem coverage ....................................................................................29 Figure 25: Rural cable modem coverage..........................................................................................30 Figure 26: Broadband penetration by technology...........................................................................31 Figure 27: National broadband penetration.....................................................................................32 November 2006 IDATE 3
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 28: Rural broadband penetration..........................................................................................33 Figure 29: National DSL download rate segmentation (Dec. 2005)................................................34 Figure 30: National DSL download rate segmentation (Dec. 2004)................................................34 Figure 31: Rural DSL download rate segmentation (Dec. 2005).....................................................35 Figure 32: Rural DSL download rate segmentation (Dec. 2004).....................................................35 Figure 33: National cable modem download rate segmentation (Dec. 2005)................................36 Figure 34: National cable modem download rate segmentation (Dec. 2004)................................36 Figure 35: Rural cable modem download rate segmentation (Dec. 2005).....................................37 Figure 36: Rural cable modem download rate segmentation (Dec. 2004).....................................37 Figure 37: National DSL market share (Dec. 2005)..........................................................................38 Figure 38: National DSL market share (Dec. 2004)..........................................................................38 Figure 39: National DSL market share of incumbent.......................................................................39 November 2006 IDATE 4
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey List of tables for European Benchmark November 2006 IDATE 5
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey 1. Executive Summary The number of broadband connections in the EU-25 + 2 (Norway and Iceland) reached 60.5 millions at the end of 2005, of which 50.6 millions in the EU-15. Penetration rates still vary greatly from one country to another (from 1.4% in Greece to 26.7% in Iceland), the average for the region being at 13.2%. DSL and cable modem represent the vast majority of broadband connections in Europe, accounting for 59 million of the total for EU-25 + 2. Half of the remaining 1.5 million connections come from FTTx1, mainly concentrated in Sweden, Italy and Denmark. The rest is split into WLL (WiFi, WiMAX, WLAN…), PLC and satellite connections. Regarding coverage, DSL is now widely available, especially in the EU-15 + 2. Average DSL coverage reached 87.4% at the end of 2005 in all countries covered and 90.9% in the EU-15 + 2. Greece is still lagging behind with only 12% while Benelux countries as well as Denmark or the UK are close to 100%. We can still observe a gap between rural and national coverage: DSL coverage in rural areas is 66.4% on average, which is more than 20% below national averages. However, significant progress could be seen in several countries: in the UK and in France, DSL coverage in rural areas increased from 35% for both countries at the end of 2003 to 95% and 88% respectively at the end of 2005, in Ireland, rural coverage grew from 11% to 57% over the same period. Cable modem coverage is significantly lower on average (29.7% in the EU-25 + 2) mainly due to the fact that cable networks are available only in selected countries and that, in some of those countries, such as France, cable deployment was limited to specific areas (e.g. large cities). The latter can explain why coverage is particularly low in rural areas (only 6.4% on average). Cable modem is particularly developed in some countries (Belgium, the Netherlands, Portugal, also some new Member States such as Hungary) and can compete with DSL on a broad scale. Penetration/coverage ratios are nevertheless always higher for DSL: in the Netherlands for instance, this ratio reached 15.8% at national level for DSL and 11.7% for cable modem. DSL developments are also driven by strong internal competition. At the end of 2005, incumbent operators still controlled more than 60% of the retail DSL market, although they accounted for only 33% in the UK and 50% in France. Competition arose mainly with the rapid progress of unbundling. There were 8.8 million DSL unbundled lines at the end of 2005 in the EU-25 + 2, of which 8.7 million in the EU-15 + 2 (compared to only 4 million at the end of 2004 and 1.4 million at the end of 2003!). Competition has also progressed in rural areas but more through resale and bitstream offers. In terms of speeds, connections with download rates over 2 Mbps accounted for almost 16% of all broadband connections at the end of 2005. In the EU-15 + 2 (16.7%), this represents a significant progress compared to previous surveys: their share was only 10% at the end of 2004 and 7% at the end of 2003. In addition, there were 22.7 million 3G subscribers at the end of 2005 in the 27 countries covered (just over 5% of the total cellular subscriber base). In the EU-15 + 2, 3G services were available to more than 60% of the population (which means that commercial service is effectively available in the area where people live) with large discrepancies between countries: from 37% in Greece to close to 100% in Luxembourg. To collect the data, IDATE and our partners have directly contacted operators (Fixed and Mobile) in each European country. Depending on the different level of information collected in each country, a specific methodology has been developed (those methodologies are described, country by country in a specific report). Despite this customized methodological approach by country, we took exactly the same definition of the different indicators (unless otherwise specified in limited cases) here presented to provide a consistent benchmark. 1 Here FTTx means mainly Fiber To The Home or Fiber To The Building. November 2006 IDATE 6
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey 2. Points concerning the methodology The goal of this report is to deliver the final results of the survey on Broadband coverage and take-up across Europe (27 countries, i.e. EU-25 Member States + Norway and Iceland) at the end of 2005. Averages have been calculated for 4 different country groups: • EU-15, which covers the 15 Member States of the European Union as it was organized just before 1 April 2004 • EU-15 + 2, which covers EU-15, plus Norway and Iceland • EU-25, which covers the 25 Member States of the European Union as it is organized now • EU-25 + 2, which covers EU-25, plus Norway and Iceland The data contained in this document were collected by IDATE and our partners, from broadband networks operators, regulators and various sources in each country examined (see methodological report). All of the main broadband platforms were taken into consideration: primarily DSL, cable and FTTx, but also other platforms such as WLL/WLAN, Satellite and PLC. 3G coverage and take up (measured through the number of 3G SIM cards and 3G PC cards sold) were also examined, but separately from fixed broadband access. All data were collected prior to 31 December 2005. The survey distinguishes Urban, Suburban and Rural areas, with the following definitions: • Urban area: a population density superior to 500 inhabitants/Km², • Suburban area: a population density between 100 inhabitants/Km² and 500 inhabitants/Km², • Rural area: a population density inferior to 100 inhabitants/Km². Segmentation by download rate (for ADSL lines, Cable modem or FTTx) is as follows: • from 128 kbps (included) to 512 Kbps included, • from 512 Kbps excluded to 1 Mbps included, • From 1 Mbps excluded to 2 Mbps included, • From 2 Mbps excluded to 8 Mbps included, • From 8 Mbps excluded to 20 Mbps included, • More than 20 Mbps. As segmentation was different in the previous surveys (up to 144Kbps; 144-512 Kbps, 512kpps-1 Mbps, 1-2 Mbps, more than 2 Mbps), we retained only 4 classes of time series (up to 512 Kbps, 512kpps-1 Mbps, 1-2 Mbps, more than 2 Mbps). Regarding the origin of DSL accesses, we have split into 3 categories: • DSL accesses directly sold by incumbent operators through retail offers, • DSL accesses sold by third ISPs through wholesale offers from incumbent operators (simple resale or bitstream), • DSL accesses through unbundling offers (shared access or full unbundling). Throughout the report, “DSL Coverage” figures refer to the percentage of the population depending on a Local Exchange equipped with a DSLAM. That is to say in its measurement, coverage includes those people (Households or Businesses Units) that reside too far from these switches for the DSL connection to function effectively. November 2006 IDATE 7
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey The term “Eligibility” refers to "the percentage of the population depending on Local Exchanges equipped with a DSLAM and excluding those people (Households or Businesses Units) that reside too far from these switches for the DSL connection to function effectively. Furthermore, these eligibility percentages will differ according to available download rates. For instance, eligibility for a download rate of 2 Mbps will be lower than eligibility for 512 Kbps. In some countries (e.g. Poland, the Czech Republic), where fixed telephone lines are not available to all households, DSL coverage was recalculated to figure out the effective percentage of population which can be physically equipped with DSL (see detailed calculations in the country monographs). Throughout the report, the “Cable modem coverage” figures refer to the percentage of the population living in households effectively passed for cable. In other words, unlike DSL coverage figures, cable modem coverage also corresponds to Eligibility figures. Country-specific data were also used to establish European benchmarks and averages. Averages have been calculated on a weighted basis. Furthermore, as previous surveys covered only Western countries (EU-15 + Norway and Iceland), we have provided two sets of benchmarks: • a first one comparing and averaging data at year end 2005 only, covering the 27 countries examined in this survey, • a second one with time series, covering Western countries. NB: in the tables and graphs, “na” means not that data is not available (while "0" means that there is no subscriber). November 2006 IDATE 8
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey 3. European benchmark 3.1. EU-25 + Norway & Iceland at end 2005 3.1.1.Broadband subscriber bases and take up Subscriber bases Figure 1: Broadband subscriber bases at the end of 2005 (in million subscribers) 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Denmark Czech Republic Germany Portugal UK Luxembourg Belgium Malta Iceland Greece Slovakia Ireland Finland Poland France Estonia Netherlands Hungary Italy Cyprus Slovenia Latvia Lithuania Spain Austria Norway Sweden Table 1: Broadband subscriber bases at the end of 2005 (in million subscribers) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 55.577 56.659 59.427 60.509 November 2006 IDATE 9
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Broadband penetration Figure 2: Broadband penetration at the end of 2005 average 27 Greece Slovakia Latvia Poland Cyprus Hungary Czech Republic Ireland Lithuani a Slovenia Portuga l Spain Italy Malta Germany Austria Estonia France Luxembourg UK Belgium Sweden Norway Finland Netherlands Denmark Iceland 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% Table 2: Broadband penetration at the end of 2005 (broadband connections as a % of inhab.) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 14.6% 14.7% 13.2% 13.2% November 2006 IDATE 10
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey 3.1.2.DSL coverage and take up DSL coverage Figure 3: National DSL coverage at the end of 2005 average 27 Greece Slovenia Slovakia Poland Cyprus Czech Republic Lithuani a Ireland Hungary Latvia Austria Italy Norway Spain Estonia Finland Germany Iceland Portuga l Sweden France Malta Netherlands UK Belgium Denmark Luxembourg 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Table 3: DSL coverage at the end of 2005 (as a % of inhabitants) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 90.9% 90.9% 87.4% 87.4% November 2006 IDATE 11
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 4: DSL coverage in rural areas at the end of 2005 average 27 Cyprus Greece Malta Czech Republic na Estonia na Latvia na Slovakia Slovenia Italy Poland Lithuani a Germany Ireland Sweden Austria Hungary Finland Iceland Portuga l Spain Norway France UK Netherlands Belgium Denmark Luxembourg 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Table 4: DSL coverage in rural areas at the end of 2005 (as a % of inhabitants) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 69.8% 70.3% 65.9% 66.4% November 2006 IDATE 12
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey DSL penetration Figure 5: National DSL subscriber bases at the end of 2005 (in million subscribers) 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Denmark Czech Republic Germany Portugal UK Luxembourg Belgium Malta Iceland Slovakia Estonia Greece Ireland Finland Poland France Hungary Netherlands Italy Cyprus Latvia Lithuania Slovenia Spain Austria Norway Table 5: National DSL subscriber bases at the end of 2005 (in million subscribers) Sweden EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 45.647 46.543 48.145 49.041 November 2006 IDATE 13
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 6: National DSL penetration at the end of 2005 average 27 Greece Slovakia Czech Republic Latvia Lithuani a Poland Hungary Ireland Cyprus Slovenia Portuga l Malta Estonia Austria Spain Italy UK Belgium Germany Sweden Luxembourg France Denmark Netherlands Norway Finland Iceland 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% Table 6: National DSL penetration at the end of 2005 (as a % of inhabitants) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 12.0% 12.1% 10.7% 10.7% November 2006 IDATE 14
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 7: DSL penetration in rural areas at the end of 2005 average 27 Cyprus Malta Greece Estonia na Latvia na Slovakia Poland Hungary Lithuani a Ireland Czech Republic Portuga l Germany Austria Slovenia Italy Spain Denmark Sweden UK France Luxembourg Finland Belgium Norway Netherlands Iceland 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% Table 7: DSL penetration in rural areas at the end of 2005 (as a % of inhabitants) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 7.0% 7.3% 5.8% 5.8% November 2006 IDATE 15
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey DSL download rate segmentation Figure 8: DSL subscriber bases broken down by download rates, at the end of 2005 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% na na 0% up to 512 kbps 512 kbps-1Mbps 1-2 Mbps 2-8 Mbps 8-20 Mbps > 20 Mbps Figure 9: Breakdown of rural DSL subscriber bases by download rate, at the end of 2005 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% na na na na na 0% up to 512 kbps 512 kbps-1Mbps 1-2 Mbps 2-8 Mbps 8-20 Mbps > 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 16
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey DSL access origin Figure 10: DSL subscriber bases broken down by access origin, at the end of 2005 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% retail incumbent resale ULL Figure 11: Breakdown of rural DSL subscriber bases by access origin, at the end of 2005 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% na na na na na na na 0% retail incumbent resale ULL November 2006 IDATE 17
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey 3.1.3.Cable modem coverage and take up Cable modem coverage Figure 12: National cable modem coverage at the end of 2005 average 27 Cyprus Greece Italy Latvia na Slovenia na Ireland Slovakia Poland Germany Norway Czech Republic France Austria Iceland Finland Luxembourg Spain Sweden UK Estonia Lithuani a Denmark Hungary Portuga l Belgium Netherlands Malta 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Table 8: Cable modem coverage at the end of 2005 (as a % of inhabitants) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 30.8% 30.6% 29.7% 29.7% November 2006 IDATE 18
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 13: Cable modem coverage in rural areas at the end of 2005 average 27 Cyprus Greece Iceland Italy Malta Norway Slovakia Czech Republic na Estonia na Latvia na Slovenia na France Germany Ireland Poland UK Luxembourg Lithuani a Spain Hungary Sweden Austria Finland Belgium Netherlands Denmark Portuga l 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% Table 1: Cable modem coverage in rural areas at the end of 2005 (as a % of inhabitants) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 6.7% 6.5% 6.4% 6.4% November 2006 IDATE 19
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Cable modem penetration Figure 14: National cable modem subscriber bases at the end of 2005 (in million subscribers) 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0 Denmark Czech Republic Germany Portugal UK Greece Iceland Ireland Slovakia Finland Poland Luxembourg Belgium Malta Estonia France Netherlands Italy Cyprus Hungary Latvia Slovenia Lithuania Spain Austria Norway Sweden Table 2: National cable modem subscriber bases at the end of 2005 (in million subscribers) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 8.865 9.003 9.834 9.972 November 2006 IDATE 20
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 15: National cable modem penetration at the end of 2005 average 27 Cyprus Greece Italy Iceland Germany Slovakia Ireland Latvia France Poland Czech Republic Luxembourg Hungary Lithuani a Finland Spain Norway Slovenia Estonia Sweden UK Portuga l Malta Austria Belgium Denmark Netherlands 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% Table 3: National cable modem penetration at the end of 2005 (as a % of inhabitants) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 2.3% 2.3% 2.2% 2.2% November 2006 IDATE 21
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 16: Cable modem penetration in rural areas at the end of 2005 average 27 Cyprus Germany Greece Iceland Ireland Italy Malta Norway Slovakia Czech Republic na Estonia na Finland na Latvia na Slovenia na France Luxembourg Lithuani a UK Poland Hungary Spain Portuga l Sweden Austria Denmark Netherlands Belgium 0% 1% 2% 3% 4% 5% 6% Table 4: Cable modem penetration in rural areas at the end of 2005 (as a % of inhabitants) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 0.4% 0.4% 0.3% 0.3% November 2006 IDATE 22
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Cable modem download rate segmentation Figure 17: Breakdown of cable modem subscriber bases by download rates, at the end of 2005 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% na na na 0% up to 512 kbps 512 kbps-1Mbps 1-2 Mbps 2-8 Mbps 8-20 Mbps > 20 Mbps Figure 18: Breakdown of rural cable modem subscriber bases by download rates, at end 2005 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% na na na na na na na na na 0% up to 512 kbps 512 kbps-1Mbps 1-2 Mbps 2-8 Mbps 8-20 Mbps > 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 23
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey 3.1.4.3G coverage and take up 3G coverage Figure 19: National 3G coverage at the end of 2005 average 27 Hungary Slovenia na Malta na Lithuani a na Latvia na Iceland na Estonia na Czech Republic na Cyprus na Poland Greece Portuga l Ireland France Denmark Belgium Italy Germany Finland Austria Spain Netherlands Norway UK Sweden Luxembourg 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Table 5: 3G coverage at the end of 2005 (as a % of inhabitants) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 68.1% 68.2% na na November 2006 IDATE 24
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey 3G penetration Figure 20: National 3G subscriber bases at the end of 2005 (in million subscribers) 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Denmark Czech Republic Portugal Germany Iceland Malta Poland Finland Greece Ireland France UK Slovakia Estonia Luxembourg Belgium Hungary Netherlands Cyprus Italy Latvia Lithuania Slovenia Spain Austria Norway Sweden Table 6: National cable modem subscriber bases at the end of 2005 (in million subscribers) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 22.506 22.621 22.537 22.652 November 2006 IDATE 25
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 21: National 3G penetration at the end of 2005 average 27 Cyprus Iceland Latvia Lithuani a Malta Slovakia Czech Republic Hungary Poland Estonia Belgium Greece Slovenia Netherlands Finland Spain France Germany Norway Ireland Luxembourg Austria Sweden UK Portuga l Italy Denmark 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% Table 7: National 3G penetration at the end of 2005 (as a % of inhabitants) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 5.9% 5.9% 5.0% 4.9% November 2006 IDATE 26
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey 3.2. EU-15 + Norway & Iceland from end 2003 to end 2005 3.2.1.Coverage Figure 22: National DSL coverage Greece 31/12/2003 31/12/2004 Ireland 31/12/2005 Austria Italy Norw ay Spain Finland Average Iceland Germany Portugal Sw eden France Netherlands UK Luxembourg Denmark Belgium 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% November 2006 IDATE 27
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 23: Rural DSL coverage Greece Italy Germany 31/12/2003 31/12/2004 Ireland 31/12/2005 Sweden Austria Average Finland Portugal Iceland Spain Norway France UK Netherlands Luxembourg Denmark Belgium 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% November 2006 IDATE 28
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 24: National cable modem coverage Greece Italy Ireland Germany Norw ay France Average Austria Iceland 31/12/2003 31/12/2004 Finland 31/12/2005 Luxembourg Spain Sw eden UK Denmark Portugal Belgium Netherlands 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% November 2006 IDATE 29
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 25: Rural cable modem coverage Norway Italy Iceland Greece France Germany Ireland UK Luxembourg 31/12/2003 Average 31/12/2004 31/12/2005 Spain Sweden Austria Finland Belgium Netherlands Denmark Portugal 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% November 2006 IDATE 30
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey 3.2.2.Take-up Figure 26: Broadband penetration by technology 31/12/2003 0.1% Greece 31/12/2005 1,4% 31/12/2003 0.6% 0,1% 0,2% Ireland 31/12/2005 4,9% 0,6% 1,1% 31/12/2003 1,8% 3,0% Portugal 31/12/2005 6,8% 4,9% 0,1% 31/12/2003 4,1% 1,4% Spain 31/12/2005 9,4% 2,9% 0,1% 31/12/2003 4,0% 0,4% Italy 31/12/2005 11,9% 0,6% 0,1% 0,1% Austria Germany 31/12/2003 5,4% 31/12/2005 12,6% 0,3% 0,1% 31/12/2003 3,2% 4,5% 0,1% 31/12/2005 8,5% 5,9% 0,3% 1,3% 31/12/2003 4,6% 0,1% Aver. 31/12/2005 12,1% 2,3% 0,3% 31/12/2003 5,6% 0,7% France 31/12/2005 14,6% 0,9% DSL Cable modem 31/12/2003 2,9% 0,5% Other Lux. 31/12/2005 14,2% 1,5% 31/12/2003 3,1% 2,3% UK 31/12/2005 12,1% 4,5% 31/12/2003 7,6% 4,7% Belgium 31/12/2005 12,5% 6,8% 31/12/2003 6,2% 2,1% 1,9% Finland Norway Sweden 31/12/2005 13,6% 3,7% 3,5% 31/12/2003 7,0% 1,4% 0,2% 31/12/2005 17,8% 3,0% 1,0% 31/12/2003 7,8% 1,6% 0,1% 31/12/2005 19,5% 2,8% 0,1% 31/12/2003 5,9% 6,0% NL 31/12/2005 15,6% 9,6% 0,3% Iceland Denmark 31/12/2003 8,8% 4,5% 0,8% 31/12/2005 15,5% 8,6% 2,5% 31/12/2003 13,9% 0,2% 0,4% 31/12/2005 25,9% 0,1% 0,6% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% November 2006 IDATE 31
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 27: National broadband penetration Greece Ireland Portugal 31/12/2003 31/12/2004 Spain 31/12/2005 Italy Germany Austria Average France Luxembourg UK Belgium Sw eden Norw ay Finland Netherlands Denmark Iceland 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% 14% 16% 18% 20% 22% 24% 26% 28% 30% November 2006 IDATE 32
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 28: Rural broadband penetration Greece Ireland Portugal 31/12/2003 Germany 31/12/2004 31/12/2005 Italy Spain Austria Average Sw eden UK Denmark France Luxembourg Finland Norw ay Iceland na Netherlands Belgium 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% 14% 16% 18% 20% 22% November 2006 IDATE 33
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey 3.2.3.Download rates Figure 29: National DSL download rate segmentation (Dec. 2005) 100% 2% 4% 5% 6% 8% 4% 9% 17% 16% 8% 14% 90% 17% 13% 15% 28% 29% 13% 30% 31% 19% 80% 42% 46% 70% 22% 57% 24% 18% 14% 60% 48% 54% 55% 92% 13% 50% 94% 13% 45% 85% 35% 18% 51% 40% 81% 78% 43% 73% 3% 53% 22% 30% 20% 42% 44% 42% 28% 32% 25% 26% 22% 14% 10% 21% 19% 8% 5% 5% 0% 2% 3% Denmark Germany Portugal UK Finland Belgium Greece Ireland Luxembourg France Iceland Netherlands Italy Spain Austria Average Norway Sweden <512kbps 512-1024kbps inc. 1-2Mbps incl. >2Mbps Figure 30: National DSL download rate segmentation (Dec. 2004) 100% 3% 4% 3% 3% 3% 6% 5% 9% 1% 10% 12% 3% 8% 11% 14% 7% 90% 12% 11% 23% 18% 21% 20% 20% 13% 80% 18% 16% 22% 47% 70% 8% 39% 37% 30% 60% 35% 18% 55% 38% 46% 50% 99% 83% 24% 92% 86% 89% 40% 78% 66% 68% 30% 42% 48% 50% 41% 49% 20% 27% 36% 30% 29% 10% na 4% 6% 4% 0% 1% Denmark Germany Portugal UK Finland Belgium Greece Iceland Luxembourg France Ireland Italy Netherlands Spain Austria Average Norway Sweden <512kbps 512-1024kbps inc. 1-2Mbps incl. >2Mbps November 2006 IDATE 34
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 31: Rural DSL download rate segmentation (Dec. 2005) 100% 2% 3% 5% 11% 7% 10% 12% 15% 16% 90% 22% 26% 28% 15% 30% 28% 80% 42% 50% 22% 70% 15% 13% 54% 48% 60% 57% 35% 92% 13% 50% 97% 45% 51% 90% 37% no DSL in rural areas 84% 40% 80% 1% 23% 30% 60% 53% 43% 46% 20% 37% 38% 32% 22% 15% 27% 30% 10% 8% na 5% 5% 0% 2% 3% Denmark Germany Portugal UK Luxembourg Finland Belgium Greece Ireland France Iceland Netherlands Italy Spain Average Austria Norway Sweden <512kbps 512-1024kbps inc. 1-2Mbps incl. >2Mbps Figure 32: Rural DSL download rate segmentation (Dec. 2004) 100% 4% 3% 4% 1% 1% 6% 9% 5% 3% 6% 6% 3% 10% 13% 90% 15% 10% 23% 11% 19% 13% 80% 20% 39% 6% 35% 47% 49% 70% 29% 18% 60% 46% 50% 98% 89% 84% 96% no DSL in rural areas 90% 76% 87% 40% 24% 92% 42% 77% 75% 37% 30% 61% 54% 52% 20% 27% 29% 10% 19% 15% 4% 7% 0% 2% Denmark Germany Portugal UK Finland Iceland Luxembourg Belgium Greece France Ireland Netherlands Italy Spain Austria Average Norway Sweden <512kbps 512-1024kpps inc. 1-2Mbps incl. >2Mbps November 2006 IDATE 35
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 33: National cable modem download rate segmentation (Dec. 2005) 100% 4% 4% 5% 5% 7% 13% 14% 16% 90% 15% 30% 80% 50% 50% 19% 44% 35% 58% 50% 56% 70% 31% 60% 48% 80% 20% 84% 48% 92% 50% 0% 100% 5% 12% 40% 0% 58% 37% 28% 30% 12% 27% 54% 50% 35% 35% 48% no cable 20% no cable 38% 5% 32% 25% 7% 22% 10% 16% 3% 15% 0% 2% 6% 42% 7% 10% 5% 9% 0% Denmark Germany Portugal UK Belgium France Iceland Ireland Finland Luxembourg Greece Netherlands Italy Spain Average Austria Norway Sweden <512kbps 512-1024kbps inc. 1-2Mbps incl. >2Mbps Figure 34: National cable modem download rate segmentation (Dec. 2004) 100% 4% 1% 5% 5% 9% 9% 10% 90% 20% 14% 30% 14% 80% 43% 40% 48% 70% 65% 62% 14% 71% 22% 60% 81% 4% 43% 50% 100% 100% 95% 25% 74% 40% 30% 37% 3% 31% 54% 14% 52% 24% 42% no cable 20% no cable 30% 29% 10% 19% na 19% 11% 11% 14% 5% 0% Denmark Germany Portugal UK Belgium France Iceland Ireland Finland Luxembourg Greece Netherlands Italy Spain Average Austria Norway Sweden <512kbps 512-1024kbps inc. 1-2Mbps incl. >2Mbps November 2006 IDATE 36
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 35: Rural cable modem download rate segmentation (Dec. 2005) 100% 7% 5% 12% 90% 30% 22% 29% 80% 37% 35% 55% 6% 70% 16% 75% 17% 60% 80% 54% 89% 50% 13% 38% 19% no CM in rural areas no CM in rural areas no CM in rural areas no CM in rural areas 40% 67% 30% 58% 27% 20% 41% 34% 37% no cable no cable 5% 25% 8% 25% 10% 3% 15% 8% na na 10% 0% Denmark Germany Portugal UK Iceland Luxembourg Belgium France Finland Greece Ireland Netherlands Italy Spain Austria Average Norway Sweden <512kbps 512-1024kbps inc. 1-2Mbps incl. >2Mbps Figure 36: Rural cable modem download rate segmentation (Dec. 2004) 100% 1% 2% 2% 4% 3% 4% 90% 16% 14% 25% 28% 22% 29% 80% 45% 56% 24% 70% 20% 60% 17% 4% 50% 96% 82% no CM in rural areas no CM in rural areas no CM in ruralareas 40% 72% no CM in ruralareas 71% 30% 61% 54% 50% 51% 44% 20% no cable no cable 10% na na na 0% 2% Denmark Germany Portugal Belgium UK France Iceland Ireland Finland Luxembourg Greece Netherlands Italy Spain Average Austria Norway Sweden <512kbps 512-1024kbps inc. 1-2Mbps incl. >2Mbps November 2006 IDATE 37
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey 3.2.4.Origin of DSL connections Figure 37: National DSL market share (Dec. 2005) 2% 3% 100% 1% 4% 5% 16% 14% 10% 11% 17% 19% 90% 21% 20% 24% 28% 12% 23% 28% 29% 7% 30% 32% 26% 80% 13% 19% 15% 12% 10% 70% 14% 22% 8% 13% 64% 13% 60% 18% 50% 40% 83% 83% 78% 75% 73% 68% 71% 70% 69% 72% 70% 30% 62% 64% 59% 58% 56% 50% 20% 33% 10% 0% Denmark Germany Portugal UK Finland Greece Iceland Ireland Luxembourg Belgium France Netherlands Italy Spain Austria Average Norway Sweden incumbent retail Bitstream/Resale ULL Figure 38: National DSL market share (Dec. 2004) 1% 2% 4% 1% 100% 3% 13% 14% 10% 6% 10% 14% 9% 16% 13% 90% 19% 30% 22% 10% 25% 4% 22% 25% 27% 13% 26% 80% 11% 19% 21% 20% 70% 51% 64% 10% 24% 16% 60% 28% 50% 89% 40% 80% 80% 83% 78% 76% 75% 75% 67% 69% 66% 30% 64% 55% 57% 47% 51% 20% 43% 36% 10% 0% Denmark Germany Portugal UK Finland France Iceland Belgium Greece Luxembourg Ireland Italy Netherlands Spain Austria Average Norway Sweden incumbent retail Bitstream/Resale ULL November 2006 IDATE 38
    • Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 39: National DSL market share of incumbent France UK 31/12/2003 31/12/2004 Sw eden 31/12/2005 Norw ay Germany Average Iceland Austria Greece Finland Spain Denmark Netherlands Italy Ireland Belgium Portugal Luxembourg 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% November 2006 IDATE 39
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4. Country profiles 4.1. Austria 4.1.1.Population Urban area Suburban area Rural area National Inhabitants 2,787,384 2,030,778 3,214,764 8,032,926 Share of total population 34.7% 25.3% 40.0% 100.0% 4.1.2.General broadband data 12/02 12/03 12/04 12/05 DSL coverage (% of the population) 83% 86% 86% 86% DSL subscribers 179,600 319,000 442,200 684,600 DSL penetration (% of the population) 2.2% 3.9% 5.5% 8.5% Cable modem coverage (% population) 25% 31% 31% 31% Cable modem subscribers 277,000 327,000 340,000 471,681 Cable modem penetration (% population) 3.4% 4.0% 4.2% 5.9% FTTx subscribers 0 800 1,100 2,200 PLC subscribers 200 1,500 4,200 5,000 WLL subscribers 0 0 0 11,500 Satellite subscribers 1,000 2,000 2,400 3,000 Total 457,800 650,300 789,900 1,177,981 Total penetration (% population) 5.7% 8.0% 9.8% 14.7% November 2006 IDATE 40
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.1.3.DSL coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 98.0% 98.0% 100% 90% 86.0% 80% 67.0% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 12.0% 12.2% 10.1% 10.3% 8.5% 9.9% 10% 4.5% 6.7% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total DSL coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of DSL connections by download rate 400 000 300 000 200 000 100 000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 41
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal Percentage of DSL connections by type of provider 100% 3.9% 14.4% 16.1% 90% 22.4% 14.0% 80% 15.8% 15.5% 70% 15.8% 60% 50% 40% 82.0% 69.7% 68.4% 30% 61.8% 20% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Incumbent retail (%) Bitstream/Resale (%) ULL (%) November 2006 IDATE 42
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.1.4.Cable modem coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 47% 50% 40% 33% 31% 30% 21.7% 18.3% 18.9% 20% 16% 10.2% 12.5% 10% 6.0% 5.9% 2.0% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of cable modem connections by download rate 250 000 200 000 150 000 100 000 50 000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 43
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.2. Belgium 4.2.1.Population Urban area Suburban area Rural area National Inhabitants 5,894,503 3,958,558 502,783 10,355,844 Share of total population 56.9% 38.2% 4.9% 100.0% 4.2.2.General broadband data 12/02 12/03 12/04 12/05 DSL coverage (% of the population) 100% 100% 100% 100% DSL subscribers 520,600 782,473 1,011,007 1,294,362 DSL penetration (% of the population) 5.0% 7.6% 9.8% 12.5% Cable modem coverage (% population) na 64% 80% 80% Cable modem subscribers 348,500 481,800 690,000 699,300 Cable modem penetration (% population) 3.4% 4.7% 6.7% 6.8% FTTx subscribers 0 0 na na PLC subscribers na na na na WLL subscribers na na na 3,597 Satellite subscribers na na na na Total 869,100 1,264,273 1,701,007 1,997,259 Total penetration (% population) 8.4% 12.2% 16.4% 19.3% November 2006 IDATE 44
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.2.3.DSL coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 13.4% 13.4% 15.3% 15.3% 11.7% 11.7% 12.5% 12.5% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total DSL coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of DSL connections by download rate 1 200 000 1 000 000 800 000 600 000 400 000 200 000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 45
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal Percentage of DSL connections by type of provider 1.3% 0.7% 100% 90% 18.5% 25.3% 21.4% 21.4% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 80.2% 78.6% 77.8% 74.7% 30% 20% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Incumbent retail (%) Bitstream/Resale (%) ULL (%) November 2006 IDATE 46
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.2.4. Cable modem coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 100% 90% 82% 84% 80% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 30% 18.5% 20% 6.8% 8.2% 6.9% 8.2% 5.6% 6.8% 8.4% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area TOTAL coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of cable modem connections by download rate 600 000 500 000 400 000 300 000 200 000 100 000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 47
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.3. Cyprus 4.3.1.Population Urban area Suburban area Rural area National Inhabitants 538,781 197,888 36,331 773,000 Share of total population 69.7% 25.6% 4.7% 100.0% 4.3.2.General broadband data 12/02 12/03 12/04 12/05 DSL coverage (% of the population) na na na 70% DSL subscribers na na na 43,500 DSL penetration (% of the population) na na na 5.6% Cable modem coverage (% population) na na na 0% Cable modem subscribers na na na 0 Cable modem penetration (% population) na na na 0.0% FTTx subscribers na na na 0 PLC subscribers na na na 0 WLL subscribers na na na 0 Satellite subscribers na na na 0 Total na na na 43,500 Total penetration (% population) na na na 5.6% November 2006 IDATE 48
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.3.3.DSL coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 100.0% 100% 90% 80% 69.7% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 8.1% 8.1% 10% 5.6% 8.1% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total DSL coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of DSL connections by download rate 25 000 20 000 15 000 10 000 5 000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 49
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal Percentage of DSL connections by type of provider 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 100.0% 100.0% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Incumbent retail (%) Bitstream/Resale (%) ULL (%) November 2006 IDATE 50
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.4. The Czech Republic 4.4.1.Population Urban area Suburban area Rural area National Inhabitants 2,336,942 4,671,930 3,242,207 10,251,079 Share of total population 22.8% 45.6% 31.6% 100.0% 4.4.2.General broadband data 12/02 12/03 12/04 12/05 DSL coverage (% of the population) na na na 75% DSL subscribers 0 15,000 105,000 279,853 DSL penetration (% of the population) 0.0% 0.1% 1.0% 2.7% Cable modem coverage (% population) na 2% 7% 24% Cable modem subscribers na na 60,000 132,944 Cable modem penetration (% population) na na 0.6% 1.3% FTTx subscribers na na na 17,049 PLC subscribers na na na na WLL subscribers na na 150,000* 208,873** Satellite subscribers na na na 4,000 Total na na na 642,719 Total penetration (% population) na na na 6.3% * Wi-Fi subscribers ** of which 200,000 Wi-Fi subscribers and 8,873 WiMAX subscribers November 2006 IDATE 51
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.4.3.DSL coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 100% 90% 80% 75% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 4.9% 2.2% 2.7% 3.6% 2.0% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total DSL coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of DSL connections by type of provider 100% 2,2% 90% 17,3% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 80,5% 30% 20% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Incumbent retail (%) Bitstream/Resale (%) ULL (%) November 2006 IDATE 52
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.4.4.Cable modem coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 24% 20% 10% 5.3% 1.3% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage November 2006 IDATE 53
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.5. Denmark 4.5.1.Population Urban area Suburban area Rural area National Inhabitants 1,636,874 2,127,622 1,633,144 5,397,640 Share of total population 30.3% 39.4% 30.3% 100.0% 4.5.2.General broadband data 12/02 12/03 12/04 12/05 DSL coverage (% of the population) 95% 95% 100% 100% DSL subscribers 307,000 473,481 633,459 836,785 DSL penetration (% of the population) 5.7% 8.8% 11.7% 15.5% Cable modem coverage (% population) na 50% 60% 60% Cable modem subscribers 133,548 243,602 343,664 462,441 Cable modem penetration (% population) 2.5% 4.5% 6.4% 8.6% FTTx subscribers* na 42,400 95,000 117,028 PLC subscribers 0 0 0 92 WLL subscribers 1,485 2,332 3,674 15,184** Satellite subscribers 0 0 0 111 Total 442,033 761,815 1,075,797 1,431,641 Total penetration (% population) 8.2% 14.1% 19.9% 26.5% * including LAN subscribers ** including 7,705 Wi-Fi subscribers and 2,706 WiMAX subscribers November 2006 IDATE 54
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.5.3.DSL coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 19.9% 19.9% 18.1% 18.1% 20% 15.5% 15.5% 7.7% 7.7% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total DSL coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of DSL connections by download rate 300 000 200 000 100 000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 55
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal Number of DSL connections by type of provider 100% 90% 17.4% 16.7% 15.2% 16.7% 80% 12.1% 12.1% 12.1% 12.1% 70% 60% 50% 40% 70.5% 71.1% 72.7% 71.1% 30% 20% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Incumbent retail (%) Bitstream/Resale (%) ULL (%) November 2006 IDATE 56
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.5.4.Cable modem coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 100% 90% 77% 80% 70% 65% 60% 60% 50% 40% 34% 30% 18.4% 20% 11.9% 13.4% 14.3% 10.2% 9.2% 8.6% 10% 3.1% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of cable modem connections by download rate 250 000 200 000 150 000 100 000 50 000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 57
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.6. Estonia 4.6.1.Population Urban area Suburban area Rural area National Inhabitants 933,650 413,860 1,347,510 Share of total population 69.3% 0.0% 30.7% 100.0% 4.6.2.General broadband data 12/02 12/03 12/04 12/05 DSL coverage (% of the population) na na na 90% DSL subscribers na na 80,681 110,648 DSL penetration (% of the population) na na 6.0% 8.2% Cable modem coverage (% population) na na na, 53% Cable modem subscribers na na 43,000 49,480 Cable modem penetration (% population) na na 3.2% 3.7% FTTx subscribers na na 15,358* 29,369* PLC subscribers na na 0 0 WLL subscribers na na 11,642** 15,412** Satellite subscribers na na na na Total na na 150,681 204,909 Total penetration (% population) na na 11.2% 15.2% * including LAN subscribers ** including WiFi subscribers November 2006 IDATE 58
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.6.3.DSL coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 100% 90% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 8.2% 9.1% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total DSL coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of DSL connections by type of provider 2.4% 100% 90% 18.1% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 79.5% 30% 20% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Incumbent retail (%) Bitstream/Resale (%) ULL (%) November 2006 IDATE 59
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.6.4.Cable modem coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 53% 50% 40% 30% 20% 6.9% 10% 3.7% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage November 2006 IDATE 60
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.7. Finland 4.7.1.Population Urban area Suburban area Rural area National Inhabitants 1,832,814 1,570,983 1,832,814 5,236,611 Share of total population 35.0% 30.0% 35.0% 100.0% 4.7.2.General broadband data 12/02 12/03 12/04 12/05 DSL coverage (% of the population) 87% 88% 89% 90% DSL subscribers 220,000 405,600 658,700 1,018,700 DSL penetration (% of the population) 4.2% 7.8% 12.7% 19.5% Cable modem coverage (% population) na 30% 32% 33% Cable modem subscribers 54,000 85,400 112,400 148,900 Cable modem penetration (% population) 1.0% 1.6% 2.2% 2.8% FTTx subscribers 0 100 2,300 2,600 PLC subscribers 100 600 800 800 WLL subscribers 0 2,600 2,700 2,900 Satellite subscribers 70 90 120 0 Total 274,170 494,390 777,020 1,174,500 Total penetration (% population) 5.3% 9.5% 14.9% 22.4% November 2006 IDATE 61
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.7.3.DSL coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 98.0% 96.0% 100% 90.4% 90% 78.0% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 23.3% 23.8% 21.4% 22.3% 17.8% 19.5% 21.5% 20% 13.9% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total DSL coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of DSL connections by download rate 400 000 300 000 200 000 100 000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 62
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal Percentage of DSL connections by type of provider 100% 90% 20.0% 80% 10.4% 70% 60% 50% 40% 69.6% 30% 20% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Incumbent retail (%) Bitstream/Resale (%) ULL (%) November 2006 IDATE 63
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.7.4.Cable modem coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 54% 50% 40% 33% 28% 30% 17% 20% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of cable modem connections by download rate 100 000 80 000 60 000 40 000 20 000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area TOTAL Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 64
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.8. France 4.8.1.Population, Households and Business Units Urban area Suburban area Rural area National Inhabitants 32,145,528 14,385,196 13,669,276 60,200,000 Share of total population 53.4% 23.9% 22.7% 100.0% 4.8.2.General broadband data 12/02 12/03 12/04 12/05 DSL coverage (% of the population) 0% 79% 91% 96% DSL subscribers 1,411,700 3,262,800 6,245,795 8,777,215 DSL penetration (% of the population) 2.4% 5.6% 10.7% 14.6% Cable modem coverage (% population) na 26% 26% 26% Cable modem subscribers 282,992 393,000 496,568 566,400 Cable modem penetration (% population) 0.5% 0.7% 0.8% 0.9% FTTx subscribers 0 0 500 6,800 PLC subscribers 0 0 0 0 WLL subscribers na 610 1,200 1,200 Satellite subscribers na 650 1,000 1,000 Total 1,694,692 3,657,060 6,745,063 9,352,615 Total penetration (% population) 2.9% 6.2% 11.5% 15.5% November 2006 IDATE 65
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.8.3.DSL coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 99.3% 98.0% 96.4% 100% 87.9% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 16.1% 16.2% 13.9% 14.1% 14.6% 15.1% 11.8% 13.4% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total DSL coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of DSL connections by download rate 4 000 000 3 000 000 2 000 000 1 000 000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 66
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal Percentage of DSL connections by type of provider 100% 90% 24.7% 21.5% 32.1% 80% 38.3% 70% 22.2% 21.2% 60% 18.0% 15.5% 50% 40% 30% 56.3% 54.1% 49.9% 46.2% 20% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area TOTAL Incumbent retail (%) Bitstream/Resale (%) ULL (%) November 2006 IDATE 67
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.8.4.Cable modem coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 43% 40% 30% 26% 20% 13% 10% 4.1% 4.0% 3.6% 1.5% 3.5% 0.5% 1% 0.0% 0.9% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of cable modem connections by download rate 600 000 500 000 400 000 300 000 200 000 100 000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 68
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.9. Germany 4.9.1.Population Urban area Suburban area Rural area National Inhabitants 40,270,497 29,537,164 12,693,188 82,500,849 Share of total population 48.8% 35.8% 15.4% 100.0% 4.9.2.General broadband data 12/02 12/03 12/04 12/05 DSL coverage (% of the population) 83% 86% 91% 92% DSL subscribers 3,195,000 4,500,000 6,720,000 10,380,000 DSL penetration (% of the population) 3.9% 5.4% 8.1% 12.6% Cable modem coverage (% population) 5% 8% 10% 15% Cable modem subscribers 45,000 87,000 145,000 240,000 Cable modem penetration (% population) 0.1% 0.1% 0.2% 0.3% FTTx subscribers 0 0 150 150 PLC subscribers 7,000 8,000 9,000 9,600 WLL subscribers 0 4,500 1,000 0 Satellite subscribers 25,200 45,000 41,000 57,000 Total 3,272,200 4,644,500 6,916,150 10,686,600 Total penetration (% population) 4.0% 5.6% 8.4% 13.0% November 2006 IDATE 69
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.9.3. DSL coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 99.0% 98.0% 100% 92.0% 90% 80% 70% 60% 55.0% 50% 40% 30% 20% 15.1% 15.3% 12.7% 13.0% 12.6% 13.7% 7.7% 10% 4.3% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total DSL coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of DSL connections by download rate 9 000 000 8 000 000 7 000 000 6 000 000 5 000 000 4 000 000 3 000 000 2 000 000 1 000 000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 70
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal Percentage of DSL connections by type of provider 100% 10.0% 90% 23.2% 23.9% 25.5% 80% 21.4% 70% 13.6% 14.8% 14.5% 60% 50% 40% 68.6% 30% 60.8% 62.0% 61.7% 20% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Incumbent retail (%) Bitstream/Resale (%) ULL (%) November 2006 IDATE 71
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.9.4.Cable modem coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 20% 15% 15% 10% 0.4% 2.2% 0.2% 1.4% 1% 0.3% 1.9% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of cable modem connections by download rate 120 000 100 000 80 000 60 000 40 000 20 000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 72
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.10.Greece 4.10.1.Population Urban area Suburban area Rural area National Inhabitants 6,244,538 1,739,154 3,034,736 11,018,428 Share of total population 56.7% 15.8% 27.5% 100.0% 4.10.2.General broadband data 12/02 12/03 12/04 12/05 DSL coverage (% of the population) 0% 2% 9% 12% DSL subscribers 0 8,183 46,547 158,000 DSL penetration (% of the population) 0.0% 0.1% 0.4% 1.4% Cable modem coverage (% population) 0% 0% 0% 0% Cable modem subscribers 0 0 0 0 Cable modem penetration (% population) 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% FTTx subscribers 0 0 0 220 PLC subscribers 0 0 0 0 WLL subscribers 0 0 0 419 Satellite subscribers 0 0 0 0 Total 0 8,183 48,547 158,639 Total penetration (% population) 0.0% 0.1% 0.4% 1.5% November 2006 IDATE 73
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.10.3.DSL coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 15% 9% 10% 5.0% 5.0% 0.7% 0% 0.0% 0.0% 0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.4% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area TOTAL DSL coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of DSL connections by download rate 150 000 100 000 50 000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 74
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal Percentage of DSL connections by type of provider 100% 4.4% 4.4% 90% 80% 26.3% 26.3% 70% 60% 50% 40% 69.3% 69.3% 30% 20% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Incumbent retail (%) Bitstream/Resale (%) ULL (%) November 2006 IDATE 75
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.11. Hungary 4.11.1.Population Urban area Suburban area Rural area National Inhabitants 3,416,103 3,395,949 3,264,948 10,077,000 Share of total population 33.9% 33.7% 32.4% 100.0% 4.11.2.General broadband data 12/02 12/03 12/04 12/05 DSL coverage (% of the population) na 58% 70% 85% DSL subscribers 32,054 114,813 235,969 372,523 DSL penetration (% of the population) 0.3% 1.1% 2.3% 3.7% Cable modem coverage (% population) na, na, na, 66%, Cable modem subscribers 31,190 77,189 135,803 191,997 Cable modem penetration (% population) 0.3% 0.8% 1.3% 1.9% FTTx subscribers na na na 1,000 PLC subscribers 0 0 0 0 WLL subscribers na na na 10,200 Satellite subscribers na na na na Total 63,244 192,002 371,772 575,720 Total penetration (% population) 0.6% 1.9% 3.7% 5.9% November 2006 IDATE 76
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.11.3.DSL coverage and take up Coverage and penetration 100% 92.0% 87.0% 85.0% 90% 80% 76.0% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 6.7% 7.3% 10% 3.1% 3.6% 3.7% 4.3% 1.1% 1.4% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total DSL coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of DSL connections by download rate 200,000 180,000 160,000 140,000 120,000 100,000 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 77
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal Percentage of DSL connections by type of provider 100% 90% 28.3% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 71.7% 30% 20% 10% na na na 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Incumbent retail (%) Bitstream/Resale (%) ULL (%) November 2006 IDATE 78
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.11.4.Cable modem coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 97% 100% 90% 80% 70% 66% 60% 56% 50% 40% 30% 20% 14% 10% 4.0% 4.1% 1.9% 2.9% 1.4% 2.5% 0.2% 1.6% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of cable modem connections by download rate 100,000 90,000 80,000 70,000 60,000 50,000 40,000 30,000 20,000 10,000 na na na 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 79
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.12.Iceland 4.12.1.Population Urban area Suburban area Rural area National Inhabitants 184,244 - 109,333 293,577 Share of total population 62.8% 0.0% 37.2% 100.0% 4.12.2.General broadband data 12/02 12/03 12/04 12/05 DSL coverage (% of the population) 86% 90% 92% 92% DSL subscribers 24,270 40,419 50,612 75,897 DSL penetration (% of the population) 8.3% 13.8% 17.2% 25.9% Cable modem coverage (% population) na 31% 31% 31% Cable modem subscribers 500 700 670 432 Cable modem penetration (% population) 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.1% FTTx subscribers na na 500 500 PLC subscribers 500 700 1,020 na WLL subscribers na na 795 1,380 Satellite subscribers 0 0 75 104 Total 25,270 41,819 53,672 78,313 Total penetration (% population) 8.6% 14.3% 18.1% 26.6% November 2006 IDATE 80
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.12.3.DSL coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 100.0% 100% 92.0% 90% 79.0% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 29.7% 29.7% 30% 24.6% 25.9% 28.1% 19.4% 20% 10% category does not exist 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total DSL coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of DSL connections by download rate 35,000 30,000 25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 5,000 category does not exist 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 81
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal Percentage of DSL connections by type of provider 100% 15.3% 90% 28.4% 33.4% 5.1% 80% 70% 8.0% 60% 9.1% 50% 40% 79.5% 30% 63.7% 57.5% 20% 10% category does not exist 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Incumbent retail (%) Bitstream/Resale (%) ULL (%) November 2006 IDATE 82
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.12.4.Cable modem coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 50% 40% 31% 30% 20% 10% 0.2% 0.5% category does not exist 0% 0% 0% 0.1% 0.5% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of cable modem connections by download rate 500 400 300 200 100 category does not exist 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 83
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.13.Ireland 4.13.1.Population Urban area Suburban area Rural area National Inhabitants 1,745,000 735,000 1,620,000 4,100,000 Share of total population 42.6% 17.9% 39.5% 100.0% 4.13.2.General broadband data 12/02 12/03 12/04 12/05 DSL coverage (% of the population) na 61% 71% 82% DSL subscribers 3,300 23,824 113,932 202,246 DSL penetration (% of the population) 0.1% 0.6% 2.9% 4.9% Cable modem coverage (% population) na 4% 4% 4% Cable modem subscribers 2,300 4,900 5,900 25,000 Cable modem penetration (% population) 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.6% FTTx subscribers na na na na PLC subscribers na na na na WLL subscribers 5,000 7,603 11,000 40,000 Satellite subscribers na na na 2,950 Total 10,600 36,327 134,628 270,196 Total penetration (% population) 0.3% 0.9% 3.3% 6.6% November 2006 IDATE 84
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.13.3.DSL coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 99.5% 98.5% 100% 90% 82.3% 80% 70% 60% 56.5% 50% 40% 30% 20% 6.6% 6.6% 7.0% 7.1% 4.9% 6.0% 10% 2.2% 3.9% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total DSL coverage (% of lines) penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of DSL connections by download rate 150 000 100 000 50 000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 85
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal Percentage of DSL connections by type of provider 3.8% 1.2% 2.5% 100% 90% 23.2% 22.0% 23.6% 22.6% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 74.2% 75.2% 76.8% 74.9% 30% 20% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Incumbent retail (%) Bitstream/Resale (%) ULL (%) November 2006 IDATE 86
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.13.4.Cable modem coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20.5% 20% 15.2% 7% 10% 1.4% 2% 0.0% 0.0% 4% 0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.6% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of cable modem connections by download rate 15 000 10 000 5 000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 87
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.14. Italy 4.14.1.Population Urban area Suburban area Rural area National Inhabitants 27,267,975 21,399,744 7,637,849 56,305,568 Share of total population 48.4% 38.0% 13.6% 100.0% 4.14.2.General broadband data 12/02 12/03 12/04 12/05 DSL coverage (% of the population) 69% 82% 85% 87% DSL subscribers 981,000 2,280,000 4,434,745 6,673,900 DSL penetration (% of the population) 1.7% 4.0% 7.9% 11.9% Cable modem coverage (% population) 0% 0% 0% 0% Cable modem subscribers 0 0 0 0 Cable modem penetration (% population) 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% FTTx subscribers 99,000 160,100 198,920 233,000 PLC subscribers 0 0 0 0 WLL subscribers 0 300 600 830 Satellite subscribers 30,000 65,000 110,000 128,400 Total 1,110,000 2,505,400 4,744,265 7,036,130 Total penetration (% population) 2.0% 4.4% 8.4% 12.5% November 2006 IDATE 88
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.14.3.DSL coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 98.8% 100% 87.1% 87.0% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 44.6% 40% 30% 20% 15.0% 15.2% 10.3% 11.8% 10.9% 11.9% 13.6% 10% 4.9% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total DSL coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of DSL connections by download rate 4 000 000 3 000 000 2 000 000 1 000 000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 89
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal Percentage of DSL connections by type of provider 100% 3.5% 7.7% 18.1% 7.3% 13.8% 90% 12.6% 80% 13.3% 14.3% 70% 60% 50% 89.2% 40% 79.7% 67.7% 72.8% 30% 20% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Incumbent retail (%) Bitstream/Resale (%) ULL (%) November 2006 IDATE 90
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.14.4. FTTH coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 100.0% 90.0% 80.0% 70.0% 60.0% 50.0% 40.0% 32.2% 30.0% 20.0% 16.1% 10.0% 1.1% 3.3% 1.3% 0.0% 3.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.5% 3.3% 0.0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of FTTH connections by download rate 250,000 200,000 150,000 100,000 50,000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 91
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.15. Latvia 4.15.1.Population Urban area Suburban area Rural area National Inhabitants 1,477,084 62,656 754,850 2,294,590 Share of total population 64.4% 2.7% 32.9% 100.0% 4.15.2.General broadband data 12/02 12/03 12/04 12/05 DSL coverage (% of the population) na na na 85% DSL subscribers na na na 68,569 DSL penetration (% of the population) na na na 3.0% Cable modem coverage (% population) na na na na Cable modem subscribers na na na 16,000 Cable modem penetration (% population) na na na 0.7% FTTx subscribers na na na 1,000 PLC subscribers na na na 44 WLL subscribers na na na 4,623 Satellite subscribers na na na na Total na na na 90,236 Total penetration (% population) na na na 3.9% November 2006 IDATE 92
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.15.3.DSL coverage and take up Coverage and penetration 100% 90% 85.0% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 3.0% 3.5% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total DSL coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of DSL connections by download rate 70,000 60,000 50,000 40,000 30,000 20,000 10,000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 93
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal Percentage of DSL connections by type of provider 0,1% 100% 0,9% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 99.0% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Incumbent retail (%) Bitstream/Resale (%) ULL (%) November 2006 IDATE 94
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.15.4.Cable modem coverage and take up Number of cable modem connections by download rate 15,000 10,000 5,000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 95
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.16.Lithuania 4.16.1.Population Urban area Suburban area Rural area National Inhabitants 1,890,559 245,595 1,290,183 3,425,324 Share of total population 55.2% 7.2% 37.7% 100.0% 4.16.2.General broadband data 12/02 12/03 12/04 12/05 DSL coverage (% of the population) na na na 82% DSL subscribers na na na 104,798 DSL penetration (% of the population) na na na 3.1% Cable modem coverage (% population) na na na 54% Cable modem subscribers na na na 96,941* Cable modem penetration (% population) na na na 2.8% FTTx subscribers na na na 12,945 PLC subscribers na na na 0 WLL subscribers na na na 17,932** Satellite subscribers na na na 0 Total na na na 232,616 Total penetration (% population) na na na 6.8% * including fixed LAN subscribers ** including 110 WiMAX subscribers November 2006 IDATE 96
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.16.3.DSL coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 99.5% 100% 94.1% 90% 82.2% 80% 70% 60% 54.6% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 4.2% 4.2% 3.5% 3.7% 1.3% 2.3% 3.1% 3.7% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total DSL coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of DSL connections by download rate 100,000 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 97
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal Percentage of DSL connections by type of provider 2.7% 1.5% 2.3% 2.6% 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 97.3% 98.5% 97.7% 97.4% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Incumbent retail (%) Bitstream/Resale (%) ULL (%) November 2006 IDATE 98
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.16.4.Cable modem coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 100% 90% 85% 80% 70% 60% 60% 54% 50% 40% 30% 20% 5.0% 5.8% 7% 10% 0.8% 1.3% 2.8% 5.2% 0.1% 1.4% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of cable modem connections by download rate 70,000 60,000 50,000 40,000 30,000 20,000 10,000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 99
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.17. Luxembourg 4.17.1.Population Urban area Suburban area Rural area National Inhabitants 196,590 170,465 76,995 444,050 Share of total population 44.3% 38.4% 17.3% 100.0% 4.17.2.General broadband data 12/02 12/03 12/04 12/05 DSL coverage (% of the population) 100% 100% 100% 100% DSL subscribers 6,822 13,097 31,243 63,132 DSL penetration (% of the population) 1.5% 2.9% 7.0% 14.2% Cable modem coverage (% population) na 25% 34% 34% Cable modem subscribers 600 2,000 4,081 6,877 Cable modem penetration (% population) 0.1% 0.5% 0.9% 1.5% FTTx subscribers na na na 150 PLC subscribers na na na na WLL subscribers na na na 69 Satellite subscribers na na na na Total 7,422 15,097 35,324 70,228 Total penetration (% population) 1.7% 3.4% 8.0% 15.8% November 2006 IDATE 100
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.17.3.DSL coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 15.1% 15.1% 14.1% 14.1% 12.3% 12.3% 14.2% 14.2% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total DSL coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of DSL connections by download rate 50 000 40 000 30 000 20 000 10 000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 101
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal Percentage of DSL connections by type of provider 4.0% 100% 7.6% 7.9% 5.1% 90% 12.6% 11.9% 12.7% 80% 70% 60% 50% 92.0% 40% 79.8% 83.4% 83.0% 30% 20% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Incumbent retail (%) Bitstream/Resale (%) ULL (%) November 2006 IDATE 102
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.17.4.Cable modem coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 45% 40% 35% 34% 30% 20% 10% 5.8% 5% 4.6% 2.6% 1.0% 2.8% 0.1% 1.8% 1.5% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of cable modem connections by download rate 6 000 5 000 4 000 3 000 2 000 1 000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 103
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.18. Malta 4.18.1.Population Urban area Suburban area Rural area National Inhabitants 402,668 not relevant not relevant 402,668 Share of total population 100.0% not relevant not relevant 100.0% 4.18.2.General broadband data 12/02 12/03 12/04 12/05 DSL coverage (% of the population) 95% 95% 95% 99% DSL subscribers 10,000 12,000 21,000 30,000 DSL penetration (% of the population) 2.5% 3.0% 5.2% 7.5% Cable modem coverage (% population) 81% 81% 81% 95% Cable modem subscribers 8,000 10,000 16,000 21,000 Cable modem penetration (% population) 2.0% 2.5% 4.0% 5.2% FTTx subscribers 0 0 0 0 PLC subscribers 0 0 0 0 WLL subscribers 0 0 50* 100* Satellite subscribers 12 12 12 12 Total 18,012 22,012 37,062 51,112 Total penetration (% population) 4.5% 5.5% 9.2% 12.7% * WiFi subscribers November 2006 IDATE 104
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.18.3.DSL coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 99.0% 99.0% 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 7.5% 7.5% 7.5% 7.5% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total DSL coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of DSL connections by download rate 15 000 10 000 5 000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 105
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal Percentage of DSL connections by type of provider 100% 90% 80% 50.0% 50.0% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 50.0% 50.0% 20% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Incumbent retail (%) Bitstream/Resale (%) ULL (%) November 2006 IDATE 106
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.18.4.Cable modem coverage and take-up Coverage and penetration 100% 95% 95% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 5.2% 5.5% 5.2% 5.5% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of cable modem connections by download rate 15 000 10 000 5 000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 107
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.19.The Netherlands 4.19.1.Population Urban area Suburban area Rural area National Inhabitants 10,729,646 5,212,094 363,786 16,305,526 Share of total population 65.8% 32.0% 2.2% 100.0% 4.19.2.General broadband data 12/02 12/03 12/04 12/05 DSL coverage (% of the population) 85% 94% 99% 99% DSL subscribers 340,000 944,000 1,841,333 2,551,052 DSL penetration (% of the population) 2.1% 5.8% 11.3% 15.6% Cable modem coverage (% population) na 82% 82% 82% Cable modem subscribers 795,926 969,000 1,297,303 1,562,521 Cable modem penetration (% population) 4.9% 5.9% 8.0% 9.6% FTTx subscribers* na na 50,000 60,000 PLC subscribers na na na na WLL subscribers na na na na Satellite subscribers na 1,000 1,000 1,000 Total 1,135,926 1,914,000 3,189,636 4,173,573 Total penetration (% population) 7.0% 11.7% 19.3% 25.6% * Fibre to the Dormitory also included. November 2006 IDATE 108
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.19.3.DSL coverage and take up Coverage and penetration 99.0% 99.0% 99.0% 99.0% 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 15.6% 15.8% 15.6% 15.8% 15.6% 15.8% 15.6% 15.8% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total DSL coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of DSL connections by download rate 1,200,000 1,000,000 800,000 600,000 400,000 200,000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 109
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal Percentage of DSL connections by type of provider 100% 90% 28.2% 28.2% 28.2% 28.2% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 71.8% 71.8% 71.8% 71.8% 30% 20% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Incumbent retail (%) Bitstream/Resale (%) ULL (%) November 2006 IDATE 110
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.19.4.Cable modem coverage and take up Coverage and penetration 100% 88% 90% 82% 80% 73% 70% 60% 50% 40% 33% 30% 20% 10.3%11.7% 8.5% 11.7% 11.7% 9.6% 11.7% 10% 3.9% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of cable modem connections by download rate 900,000 800,000 700,000 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 111
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.20. Norway 4.20.1.Population Urban area Suburban area Rural area National Inhabitants 1,121,300 1,154,349 2,330,714 4,606,363 Share of total population 24.3% 25.1% 50.6% 100.0% 4.20.2.General broadband data 12/02 12/03 12/04 12/05 DSL coverage (% of the population) na 68% 82% 88% DSL subscribers na 312,126 488,058 820,604 DSL penetration (% of the population) na 7.0% 10.7% 17.8% Cable modem coverage (% population) na 20% 20% 20% Cable modem subscribers na 64,100 104,000 137,687 Cable modem penetration (% population) na 1.4% 2.3% 3.0% FTTx subscribers na 5,000 30,000 32,807 PLC subscribers na na 0 0 WLL subscribers na 2,000 11,000 12,595 Satellite subscribers na na na 0 Total na 383,226 633,058 1,003,693 Total penetration (% population) na 8.4% 13.8% 21.8% November 2006 IDATE 112
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.20.3.DSL coverage and take up Coverage and penetration 100% 94.3% 94.6% 88.4% 90% 82.7% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20.6% 21.9% 19.8% 20.9% 15.5% 18.7% 17.8% 20.2% 20% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total DSL coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of DSL connections by download rate 450 000 400 000 350 000 300 000 250 000 200 000 150 000 100 000 50 000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 113
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal Number of DSL connections by type of provider 100% 90% 21.9% 29.1% 28.6% 80% 38.5% 70% 14.8% 13.6% 13.2% 60% 10.2% 50% 40% 30% 63.3% 57.3% 58.2% 51.3% 20% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Incumbent retail (%) Bitstream/Resale (%) ULL (%) November 2006 IDATE 114
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.20.4.Cable modem coverage and take up Coverage and penetration 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 56% 50% 40% 30% 18% 20% 20% 16.5% 16.5% 14.9% 9.2% 10% 3.0% 3.0% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of cable modem connections by download rate 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area TOTAL Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 115
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.21. Poland 4.21.1.Population Urban area Suburban area Rural area National Inhabitants 18,650,194 7,150,661 12,391,046 38,191,901 Share of total population 48.8% 18.7% 32.4% 100.0% 4.21.2.General broadband data 12/02 12/03 12/04 12/05 DSL coverage (% of the population) na na 55%* 62%* DSL subscribers na 143,000 668,000 1,254,029 DSL penetration (% of the population) na 0.4% 1.7% 3.3% Cable modem coverage (% population) na na na 12% Cable modem subscribers na na 202,000 371,000 Cable modem penetration (% population) na na 0.5% 1.0% FTTx subscribers na na 4,000 4,500 PLC subscribers na na na 0 WLL subscribers na na na 7,486 Satellite subscribers na na na 93 Total na 143,000 874,000 1,637,108 Total penetration (% population) na 0.4% 2.3% 4.3% * The incumbent operator, TP, declares that, at the end of 2005, 90% of its fixed lines were DSL-enabled (80% at end 2004). However, due to the reduced share of households being effectively connected to the fixed network in Poland (about 69%), there would need some further investments to deliver DSL to all lines depending on the DSL-enabled local switches. November 2006 IDATE 116
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.21.3.DSL coverage and take up Coverage and penetration 100% 90% 80% 67.9% 66.5% 70% 62.3% 60% 51.9% 50% 40% 30% 20% 8.6% 10% 3.8% 5.6% 5.7% 3.3% 5.3% 1.1% 2.1% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total DSL coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of DSL connections by download rate 750,000 600,000 450,000 300,000 150,000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 144 kbps From 144 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 117
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal Percentage of DSL connections by type of provider 100% 2.9% 5.9% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 91.2% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Incumbent retail (%) Bitstream/Resale (%) ALL (%) November 2006 IDATE 118
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.21.4.Cable modem coverage and take up Coverage and penetration 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 16% 14% 12% 8.4% 9.0% 8.1% 10% 5% 4.9% 1.3% 1.3% 0.2% 1.0% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of cable modem connections by download rate 250,000 200,000 150,000 100,000 50,000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area TOTAL Up to 144 kbps From 144 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 119
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.22. Portugal 4.22.1.Population Urban area Suburban area Rural area National Inhabitants 3,153,583 4,552,882 2,649,652 10,356,117 Share of total population 30.5% 44.0% 25.6% 100.0% 4.22.2.General broadband data 12/02 12/03 12/04 12/05 DSL coverage (% of the population) na 84% 92% 93% DSL subscribers na 189,820 428,560 708,553 DSL penetration (% of the population) na 1.8% 4.1% 6.8% Cable modem coverage (% population) na 56% 61% 75% Cable modem subscribers na 315,577 441,808 509,501 Cable modem penetration (% population) na 3.0% 4.3% 4.9% FTTx subscribers na na 272 3,218 PLC subscribers na na , 1,600 WLL subscribers na 2,000 4,263 1,700 Satellite subscribers na na , na Total na 507,397 874,903 1,224,572 Total penetration (% population) na 4.9% 8.4% 11.8% November 2006 IDATE 120
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.22.3.DSL coverage and take up Coverage and penetration 99.0% 100% 96.0% 92.6% 90% 79.0% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 13.7% 13.9% 10% 4.2% 4.4% 6.8% 7.4% 3.1% 4.0% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total DSL coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of DSL connections by download rate 350 000 300 000 250 000 200 000 150 000 100 000 50 000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 121
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal Percentage of DSL connections by type of provider 1.2% 100% 5.7% 5.0% 10.2% 13.9% 6.6% 90% 7.2% 80% 7.9% 70% 60% 50% 93.8% 87.7% 40% 78.2% 82.6% 30% 20% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Incumbent retail (%) Bitstream/Resale (%) ULL (%) November 2006 IDATE 122
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.22.4.Cable modem coverage and take up Coverage and penetration 100% 100% 90% 78% 80% 75% 70% 60% 50% 40% 40% 30% 20% 11.3%11.3% 10% 2.8% 3.6% 4.9% 6.6% 1.0% 2.4% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of cable modem connections by download rate 250 000 200 000 150 000 100 000 50 000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 123
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.23. Slovakia 4.23.1.Population Urban area Suburban area Rural area National Inhabitants 1,918,138 1,855,790 1,615,252 5,389,180 Share of total population 35.6% 34.4% 30.0% 100.0% 4.23.2.General broadband data 12/02 12/03 12/04 12/05 DSL coverage (% of the population) 0% 18% 44% 61% DSL subscribers 0 4,210 38,334 104,899 DSL penetration (% of the population) 0.0% 0.1% 0.7% 1.9% Cable modem coverage (% population) 0% na na 13% Cable modem subscribers 0 3,498 10,854 26,083 Cable modem penetration (% population) 0.0% 0.1% 0.2% 0.5% FTTx subscribers 100 400 2,000 17,819 PLC subscribers 0 0 0 0 WLL subscribers 500 3,300 11,000 24,518* Satellite subscribers 50 150 300 420 Total 650 11,558 62,488 173,739 Total penetration (% population) 0.0% 0.2% 1.2% 3.2% * including 21,707 Wi-Fi subscribers and 167 WiMAX subscribers November 2006 IDATE 124
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.23.3.DSL coverage and take up Coverage and penetration 100% 90% 85.2% 80% 66.6% 70% 60.7% 60% 50% 40% 30% 25.0% 20% 10% 2.7% 3.2% 2.1% 3.1% 0.7% 2.7% 1.9% 3.2% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total DSL coverage (% population) penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of DSL connections by download rate 80,000 70,000 60,000 50,000 40,000 30,000 20,000 10,000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 125
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal Percentage of DSL connections by type of provider 100% 13.6% 90% 21.6% 20.7% 20.3% 80% 70% 60% 50% 86.4% 40% 78.4% 79.3% 79.7% 30% 20% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Incumbent retail (%) Bitstream/Resale (%) ULL (%) November 2006 IDATE 126
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.23.4.Cable modem coverage and take up Coverage and penetration 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 22.5% 20% 8.4% 10% 5.8% 5.8% 5.8% 1.3% 1.0% 0.1% 0.5% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of cable modem connections by download rate 20,000 15,000 10,000 5,000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 127
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.24. Slovenia 4.24.1.Population Urban area Suburban area Rural area National Inhabitants 441,844 766,835 794,679 2,003,358 Share of total population 22.1% 38.3% 39.7% 100.0% 4.24.2.General broadband data 12/02 12/03 12/04 12/05 DSL coverage (% of the population) na na na 55% DSL subscribers 16,735 36,960 73,730 130,602 DSL penetration (% of the population) 0.8% 1.8% 3.7% 6.5% Cable modem coverage (% population) na na na na Cable modem subscribers 8,000 28,698 38,836 63,584 Cable modem penetration (% population) 0.4% 1.4% 1.9% 3.2% FTTx subscribers na na na 1,188 PLC subscribers na na na na, WLL subscribers na na na 525 Satellite subscribers na na na 15 Other fixed broadband subscribers na na 2,503 2,120 Total 24,735 65,658 115,069 198,034 Total penetration (% population) 1.2% 3.3% 5.7% 9.9% November 2006 IDATE 128
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.24.3.DSL coverage and take up Coverage and penetration 100% 94.0% 90% 80% 70% 60% 55.0% 50% 44.0% 40% 30% 27.0% 20% 17.0% 13.4% 14.2% 11.9% 10.3% 10% 4.6% 4.6% 6.5% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total DSL coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of DSL connections by download rate 120,000 100,000 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 na na na 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 129
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal Percentage of DSL connections by type of provider 0.7% 100% 7.9% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 91.4% 40% 30% 20% 10% na na na 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Incumbent retail (%) Bitstream/Resale (%) share of DSL subscribers in the provider class for each area 4.24.4.Cable modem coverage and take up At the end of 2005, there were 63,584 cable modem subscribers in Slovenia. It was impossible to obtain a breakdown of connections by bitrate but UPC, which has an over 25% share of the subscriber base, reports that 35% of its customers subscribe to a service running at 256 Kbps, downstream, and the remaining 65% to offers delivering speeds of over 1.5 Mbps (1.5 Mbps to 5.1 Mbps). November 2006 IDATE 130
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.25.Spain 4.25.1.Population Urban area Suburban area Rural area National Inhabitants 22,480,616 9,439,631 9,196,595 41,116,842 Share of total population 54.7% 23.0% 22.4% 100.0% 4.25.2.General broadband data 12/02 12/03 12/04 12/05 DSL coverage (% of the population) 79% 85% 87%2 89% DSL subscribers 960,329 1,676,466 2,604,067 3,876,360 DSL penetration (% of the population) 2.3% 4.1% 6.3% 9.4% Cable modem coverage (% population) na 38% 42% 42% Cable modem subscribers 366,177 593,745 839,635 1,176,064 Cable modem penetration (% population) 0.9% 1.4% 2.0% 2.9% FTTH subscribers 2,300 2,700 2,900 3,100 PLC subscribers na na 2,300 3,650 WLL subscribers 3,780 5,500 7,000 12,500 Satellite subscribers 325 850 1,250 4,450 Total 1,332,911 2,279,261 3,457,152 5,076,124 Total penetration (% population) 3.2% 5.5% 8.4% 12.3% 2 There is a 0.9 point difference in DSL coverage figures for 06/04 and 12/04: actual DSL coverage was 86.5% for 06/04 and 87.4% for 12/04. November 2006 IDATE 131
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.25.3.DSL coverage and take up Coverage and penetration 100% 91.0% 90.0% 89.0% 90% 82.0% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10.8% 11.9% 10.0% 11.1% 9.4% 10.6% 10% 5.4% 6.6% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total DSL coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of DSL connections by download rate 3 500 000 3 000 000 2 500 000 2 000 000 1 500 000 1 000 000 500 000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 132
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal Percentage of DSL connections by type of provider 100% 6.8% 11.2% 15.2% 12.3% 90% 18.0% 80% 18.6% 20.1% 70% 60% 50% 87.5% 40% 75.2% 64.7% 70.2% 30% 20% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Incumbent retail (%) Bitstream/Resale (%) ULL (%) November 2006 IDATE 133
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.25.4.Cable modem coverage and take up Coverage and penetration 100% 90% 80% 70% 61% 60% 50% 42% 40% 30% 30% 20% 7.3% 9% 10% 4.1% 6.8% 2.2% 4.8% 2.9% 6.8% 0.4% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of cable modem connections by download rate 600 000 500 000 400 000 300 000 200 000 100 000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 134
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.26. Sweden 4.26.1.Population Urban area Suburban area Rural area National Inhabitants 3,613,771 3,911,907 1,508,749 9,034,427 Share of total population 40.0% 43.3% 16.7% 100.0% 4.26.2.General broadband data 12/02 12/03 12/04 12/05 DSL coverage (% of the population) 90% 91% 92% 93% DSL subscribers 421,400 555,113 833,000 1,227,000 DSL penetration (% of the population) 4.7% 6.2% 9.3% 13.6% Cable modem coverage (% population) 38% 45% 45% 47% Cable modem subscribers 156,400 191,840 245,000 333,000 Cable modem penetration (% population) 1.7% 2.1% 2.7% 3.7% FTTx subscribers 130,300 164,000 220,000 315,000 PLC subscribers 385 410 100 100 WLL subscribers 2,900 3,400 3,400 3,400 Satellite subscribers 200 300 500 1,400 Total 711,585 915,063 1,302,000 1,879,900 Total penetration (% population) 7.9% 10.2% 14.4% 20.8% November 2006 IDATE 135
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.26.3.DSL coverage and take up Coverage and penetration 99.0% 99.0% 100% 93.5% 90% 80% 70% 66.0% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 15.3% 15.4% 14.1% 14.3% 13.6% 14.5% 12.3% 8.1% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total DSL coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of DSL connections by download rate 800,000 700,000 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 136
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal Percentage of DSL connections by type of provider 100% 90% 30.5% 30.5% 30.5% 30.5% 80% 70% 13.3% 13.3% 13.3% 13.3% 60% 50% 40% 30% 56.2% 56.2% 56.2% 56.2% 20% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Incumbent retail (%) Bitstream/Resale (%) ULL (%) November 2006 IDATE 137
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.26.4.Cable modem coverage and take up Coverage and penetration 100% 90% 80% 70% 62% 60% 44% 47% 50% 40% 30% 20% 16% 7.4% 8.6% 7.1% 7.9% 10% 4.6% 3.8% 3.7% 1.1% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of cable modem connections by download rate 250 000 200 000 150 000 100 000 50 000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 138
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.27. The United Kingdom 4.27.1.Population Urban area Suburban area Rural area National Inhabitants 36,318,951 16,769,921 6,141,127 59,230,000 Share of total population 61.3% 28.3% 10.4% 100.0% 4.27.2.General broadband data 12/02 12/03 12/04 12/05 DSL coverage (% of the population) 63% 85% 95% 99% DSL subscribers 590,000 1,860,555 4,263,969 7,194,913 DSL penetration (% of the population) 1.0% 3.1% 7.2% 12.1% Cable modem coverage (% population) na 42% 50% , Cable modem subscribers 769,000 1,366,043 1,937,320 2,663,388 Cable modem penetration (% population) 1.3% 2.3% 3.3% 4.5% FTTx subscribers na 0 0 0 PLC subscribers na na na na WLL subscribers na 2,500 2,500 2,500 Satellite subscribers na 6,000 6,000 6,000 Total 1,359,000 3,235,098 6,209,789 9,866,801 Total penetration (% population) 2.3% 5.5% 10.5% 16.7% November 2006 IDATE 139
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.27.3.DSL coverage and take up Coverage and penetration 100.0% 100.0% 99.5% 100% 94.9% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 13.6% 13.6% 12.1% 12.2% 9.6% 9.6% 10.4% 11.0% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total DSL coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of DSL connections by download rate 4,500,000 4,000,000 3,500,000 3,000,000 2,500,000 2,000,000 1,500,000 1,000,000 500,000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 140
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal Percentage of DSL connections by type of provider 3.9% 0.1% 0.1% 2.7% 100% 90% 80% 70% 62.2% 68.8% 69.6% 64.3% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 33.9% 31.2% 30.2% 33.0% 10% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total Incumbent retail (%) Bitstream/Resale (%) ULL (%) November 2006 IDATE 141
    • Development of Broadband Access in Europe Portugal 4.27.4.Cable modem coverage and take up Coverage and penetration 100% 90% 80% 70% 70% 60% 50% 50% 40% 30% 21% 20% 11.7% 8.8% 9.0% 10% 6.2% 5% 4.5% 2.5% 2.7% 0.1% 0% Urban area Suburban area Rural area Total coverage penetration (% area population) penetration/coverage Number of cable modem connections by download rate 1,500,000 1,000,000 500,000 0 Urban area Suburban area Rural area TOTAL Up to 512 kbps From 512 kbps to 1 Mbps From 1 to 2 Mbps From 2 to 8 Mbps From 8 to 20 Mbps More than 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 142