Broadband Coverage in
Europe
Final Report
2006 Survey
Data as of 31 December 2005


DG INFSO




November 2006
Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                                              ...
Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                                              ...
Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                                         2006 ...
Broadband Coverage in Europe            2006 Survey




List of tables for European Benchmark




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Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                  2006 Survey




1. Executive...
Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                2006 Survey




2. Points conc...
Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                   2006 Survey



The term “El...
Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                                              ...
Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                 2006 Survey



Broadband pene...
Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                         2006 Survey




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Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                          2006 Survey




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Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                                              ...
Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                    2006 Survey




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Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                       2006 Survey




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Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                       2006 Survey



DSL down...
Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                   2006 Survey



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Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                     2006 Survey




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Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                      2006 Survey




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Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                                              ...
Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                       2006 Survey




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Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                       2006 Survey




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Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                            2006 Survey



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Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                         2006 Survey




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Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                                              ...
Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                          2006 Survey




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Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                2006 Survey




3.2. EU-15 + N...
Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                  2006 Survey




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Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                  2006 Survey




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Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                               2006 Survey




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Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                                              ...
Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                          2006 Survey




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Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                      2006 Survey




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Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                                              ...
Broadband Coverage in Europe                                                                                              ...
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2006 Report.doc

  1. 1. Broadband Coverage in Europe Final Report 2006 Survey Data as of 31 December 2005 DG INFSO November 2006
  2. 2. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Table of contents 1. Executive Summary..........................................................................................................................6 2. Points concerning the methodology...............................................................................................7 3. European benchmark.......................................................................................................................9 3.1. EU-25 + Norway & Iceland at end 2005....................................................................................9 3.2. EU-15 + Norway & Iceland from end 2003 to end 2005...........................................................27 4. Country profiles..............................................................................................................................40 4.1. Austria......................................................................................................................................40 4.2. Belgium...................................................................................................................................44 4.3. Cyprus......................................................................................................................................48 4.4. The Czech Republic................................................................................................................51 4.5. Denmark...................................................................................................................................54 4.6. Estonia....................................................................................................................................58 4.7. Finland......................................................................................................................................61 4.8. France.....................................................................................................................................65 4.9. Germany..................................................................................................................................69 4.10. Greece....................................................................................................................................73 4.11. Hungary.................................................................................................................................76 4.12. Iceland....................................................................................................................................80 4.13. Ireland....................................................................................................................................84 4.14. Italy........................................................................................................................................88 4.15. Latvia.....................................................................................................................................92 4.16. Lithuania.................................................................................................................................96 4.17. Luxembourg........................................................................................................................100 4.18. Malta....................................................................................................................................104 4.19. The Netherlands...................................................................................................................108 4.20. Norway................................................................................................................................112 4.21. Poland.................................................................................................................................116 4.22. Portugal...............................................................................................................................120 4.23. Slovakia...............................................................................................................................124 4.24. Slovenia...............................................................................................................................128 4.25. Spain....................................................................................................................................131 4.26. Sweden...............................................................................................................................135 4.27. The United Kingdom............................................................................................................139 November 2006 IDATE 2
  3. 3. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey List of figures for European Benchmark Figure 1: Broadband subscriber bases at the end of 2005 (in million subscribers).......................9 Figure 2: Broadband penetration at the end of 2005.......................................................................10 Figure 3: National DSL coverage at the end of 2005.......................................................................11 Figure 4: DSL coverage in rural areas at the end of 2005..............................................................12 Figure 5: National DSL subscriber bases at the end of 2005 (in million subscribers).................13 Figure 6: National DSL penetration at the end of 2005....................................................................14 Figure 7: DSL penetration in rural areas at the end of 2005...........................................................15 Figure 8: DSL subscriber bases broken down by download rates, at the end of 2005................16 Figure 9: Breakdown of rural DSL subscriber bases by download rate, at the end of 2005........16 Figure 10: DSL subscriber bases broken down by access origin, at the end of 2005..................17 Figure 11: Breakdown of rural DSL subscriber bases by access origin, at the end of 2005.......17 Figure 12: National cable modem coverage at the end of 2005......................................................18 Figure 13: Cable modem coverage in rural areas at the end of 2005.............................................19 Figure 14: National cable modem subscriber bases at the end of 2005 (in million subscribers)20 Figure 15: National cable modem penetration at the end of 2005..................................................21 Figure 16: Cable modem penetration in rural areas at the end of 2005.........................................22 Figure 17: Breakdown of cable modem subscriber bases by download rates, at the end of 2005 ........................................................................................................................................................23 Figure 18: Breakdown of rural cable modem subscriber bases by download rates, at end 2005 ........................................................................................................................................................23 Figure 19: National 3G coverage at the end of 2005........................................................................24 Figure 20: National 3G subscriber bases at the end of 2005 (in million subscribers)..................25 Figure 21: National 3G penetration at the end of 2005....................................................................26 Figure 22: National DSL coverage.....................................................................................................27 Figure 23: Rural DSL coverage..........................................................................................................28 Figure 24: National cable modem coverage ....................................................................................29 Figure 25: Rural cable modem coverage..........................................................................................30 Figure 26: Broadband penetration by technology...........................................................................31 Figure 27: National broadband penetration.....................................................................................32 November 2006 IDATE 3
  4. 4. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 28: Rural broadband penetration..........................................................................................33 Figure 29: National DSL download rate segmentation (Dec. 2005)................................................34 Figure 30: National DSL download rate segmentation (Dec. 2004)................................................34 Figure 31: Rural DSL download rate segmentation (Dec. 2005).....................................................35 Figure 32: Rural DSL download rate segmentation (Dec. 2004).....................................................35 Figure 33: National cable modem download rate segmentation (Dec. 2005)................................36 Figure 34: National cable modem download rate segmentation (Dec. 2004)................................36 Figure 35: Rural cable modem download rate segmentation (Dec. 2005).....................................37 Figure 36: Rural cable modem download rate segmentation (Dec. 2004).....................................37 Figure 37: National DSL market share (Dec. 2005)..........................................................................38 Figure 38: National DSL market share (Dec. 2004)..........................................................................38 Figure 39: National DSL market share of incumbent.......................................................................39 November 2006 IDATE 4
  5. 5. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey List of tables for European Benchmark November 2006 IDATE 5
  6. 6. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey 1. Executive Summary The number of broadband connections in the EU-25 + 2 (Norway and Iceland) reached 60.5 millions at the end of 2005, of which 50.6 millions in the EU-15. Penetration rates still vary greatly from one country to another (from 1.4% in Greece to 26.7% in Iceland), the average for the region being at 13.2%. DSL and cable modem represent the vast majority of broadband connections in Europe, accounting for 59 million of the total for EU-25 + 2. Half of the remaining 1.5 million connections come from FTTx1, mainly concentrated in Sweden, Italy and Denmark. The rest is split into WLL (WiFi, WiMAX, WLAN…), PLC and satellite connections. Regarding coverage, DSL is now widely available, especially in the EU-15 + 2. Average DSL coverage reached 87.4% at the end of 2005 in all countries covered and 90.9% in the EU-15 + 2. Greece is still lagging behind with only 12% while Benelux countries as well as Denmark or the UK are close to 100%. We can still observe a gap between rural and national coverage: DSL coverage in rural areas is 66.4% on average, which is more than 20% below national averages. However, significant progress could be seen in several countries: in the UK and in France, DSL coverage in rural areas increased from 35% for both countries at the end of 2003 to 95% and 88% respectively at the end of 2005, in Ireland, rural coverage grew from 11% to 57% over the same period. Cable modem coverage is significantly lower on average (29.7% in the EU-25 + 2) mainly due to the fact that cable networks are available only in selected countries and that, in some of those countries, such as France, cable deployment was limited to specific areas (e.g. large cities). The latter can explain why coverage is particularly low in rural areas (only 6.4% on average). Cable modem is particularly developed in some countries (Belgium, the Netherlands, Portugal, also some new Member States such as Hungary) and can compete with DSL on a broad scale. Penetration/coverage ratios are nevertheless always higher for DSL: in the Netherlands for instance, this ratio reached 15.8% at national level for DSL and 11.7% for cable modem. DSL developments are also driven by strong internal competition. At the end of 2005, incumbent operators still controlled more than 60% of the retail DSL market, although they accounted for only 33% in the UK and 50% in France. Competition arose mainly with the rapid progress of unbundling. There were 8.8 million DSL unbundled lines at the end of 2005 in the EU-25 + 2, of which 8.7 million in the EU-15 + 2 (compared to only 4 million at the end of 2004 and 1.4 million at the end of 2003!). Competition has also progressed in rural areas but more through resale and bitstream offers. In terms of speeds, connections with download rates over 2 Mbps accounted for almost 16% of all broadband connections at the end of 2005. In the EU-15 + 2 (16.7%), this represents a significant progress compared to previous surveys: their share was only 10% at the end of 2004 and 7% at the end of 2003. In addition, there were 22.7 million 3G subscribers at the end of 2005 in the 27 countries covered (just over 5% of the total cellular subscriber base). In the EU-15 + 2, 3G services were available to more than 60% of the population (which means that commercial service is effectively available in the area where people live) with large discrepancies between countries: from 37% in Greece to close to 100% in Luxembourg. To collect the data, IDATE and our partners have directly contacted operators (Fixed and Mobile) in each European country. Depending on the different level of information collected in each country, a specific methodology has been developed (those methodologies are described, country by country in a specific report). Despite this customized methodological approach by country, we took exactly the same definition of the different indicators (unless otherwise specified in limited cases) here presented to provide a consistent benchmark. 1 Here FTTx means mainly Fiber To The Home or Fiber To The Building. November 2006 IDATE 6
  7. 7. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey 2. Points concerning the methodology The goal of this report is to deliver the final results of the survey on Broadband coverage and take-up across Europe (27 countries, i.e. EU-25 Member States + Norway and Iceland) at the end of 2005. Averages have been calculated for 4 different country groups: • EU-15, which covers the 15 Member States of the European Union as it was organized just before 1 April 2004 • EU-15 + 2, which covers EU-15, plus Norway and Iceland • EU-25, which covers the 25 Member States of the European Union as it is organized now • EU-25 + 2, which covers EU-25, plus Norway and Iceland The data contained in this document were collected by IDATE and our partners, from broadband networks operators, regulators and various sources in each country examined (see methodological report). All of the main broadband platforms were taken into consideration: primarily DSL, cable and FTTx, but also other platforms such as WLL/WLAN, Satellite and PLC. 3G coverage and take up (measured through the number of 3G SIM cards and 3G PC cards sold) were also examined, but separately from fixed broadband access. All data were collected prior to 31 December 2005. The survey distinguishes Urban, Suburban and Rural areas, with the following definitions: • Urban area: a population density superior to 500 inhabitants/Km², • Suburban area: a population density between 100 inhabitants/Km² and 500 inhabitants/Km², • Rural area: a population density inferior to 100 inhabitants/Km². Segmentation by download rate (for ADSL lines, Cable modem or FTTx) is as follows: • from 128 kbps (included) to 512 Kbps included, • from 512 Kbps excluded to 1 Mbps included, • From 1 Mbps excluded to 2 Mbps included, • From 2 Mbps excluded to 8 Mbps included, • From 8 Mbps excluded to 20 Mbps included, • More than 20 Mbps. As segmentation was different in the previous surveys (up to 144Kbps; 144-512 Kbps, 512kpps-1 Mbps, 1-2 Mbps, more than 2 Mbps), we retained only 4 classes of time series (up to 512 Kbps, 512kpps-1 Mbps, 1-2 Mbps, more than 2 Mbps). Regarding the origin of DSL accesses, we have split into 3 categories: • DSL accesses directly sold by incumbent operators through retail offers, • DSL accesses sold by third ISPs through wholesale offers from incumbent operators (simple resale or bitstream), • DSL accesses through unbundling offers (shared access or full unbundling). Throughout the report, “DSL Coverage” figures refer to the percentage of the population depending on a Local Exchange equipped with a DSLAM. That is to say in its measurement, coverage includes those people (Households or Businesses Units) that reside too far from these switches for the DSL connection to function effectively. November 2006 IDATE 7
  8. 8. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey The term “Eligibility” refers to "the percentage of the population depending on Local Exchanges equipped with a DSLAM and excluding those people (Households or Businesses Units) that reside too far from these switches for the DSL connection to function effectively. Furthermore, these eligibility percentages will differ according to available download rates. For instance, eligibility for a download rate of 2 Mbps will be lower than eligibility for 512 Kbps. In some countries (e.g. Poland, the Czech Republic), where fixed telephone lines are not available to all households, DSL coverage was recalculated to figure out the effective percentage of population which can be physically equipped with DSL (see detailed calculations in the country monographs). Throughout the report, the “Cable modem coverage” figures refer to the percentage of the population living in households effectively passed for cable. In other words, unlike DSL coverage figures, cable modem coverage also corresponds to Eligibility figures. Country-specific data were also used to establish European benchmarks and averages. Averages have been calculated on a weighted basis. Furthermore, as previous surveys covered only Western countries (EU-15 + Norway and Iceland), we have provided two sets of benchmarks: • a first one comparing and averaging data at year end 2005 only, covering the 27 countries examined in this survey, • a second one with time series, covering Western countries. NB: in the tables and graphs, “na” means not that data is not available (while "0" means that there is no subscriber). November 2006 IDATE 8
  9. 9. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey 3. European benchmark 3.1. EU-25 + Norway & Iceland at end 2005 3.1.1.Broadband subscriber bases and take up Subscriber bases Figure 1: Broadband subscriber bases at the end of 2005 (in million subscribers) 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Denmark Czech Republic Germany Portugal UK Luxembourg Belgium Malta Iceland Greece Slovakia Ireland Finland Poland France Estonia Netherlands Hungary Italy Cyprus Slovenia Latvia Lithuania Spain Austria Norway Sweden Table 1: Broadband subscriber bases at the end of 2005 (in million subscribers) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 55.577 56.659 59.427 60.509 November 2006 IDATE 9
  10. 10. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Broadband penetration Figure 2: Broadband penetration at the end of 2005 average 27 Greece Slovakia Latvia Poland Cyprus Hungary Czech Republic Ireland Lithuani a Slovenia Portuga l Spain Italy Malta Germany Austria Estonia France Luxembourg UK Belgium Sweden Norway Finland Netherlands Denmark Iceland 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% Table 2: Broadband penetration at the end of 2005 (broadband connections as a % of inhab.) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 14.6% 14.7% 13.2% 13.2% November 2006 IDATE 10
  11. 11. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey 3.1.2.DSL coverage and take up DSL coverage Figure 3: National DSL coverage at the end of 2005 average 27 Greece Slovenia Slovakia Poland Cyprus Czech Republic Lithuani a Ireland Hungary Latvia Austria Italy Norway Spain Estonia Finland Germany Iceland Portuga l Sweden France Malta Netherlands UK Belgium Denmark Luxembourg 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Table 3: DSL coverage at the end of 2005 (as a % of inhabitants) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 90.9% 90.9% 87.4% 87.4% November 2006 IDATE 11
  12. 12. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 4: DSL coverage in rural areas at the end of 2005 average 27 Cyprus Greece Malta Czech Republic na Estonia na Latvia na Slovakia Slovenia Italy Poland Lithuani a Germany Ireland Sweden Austria Hungary Finland Iceland Portuga l Spain Norway France UK Netherlands Belgium Denmark Luxembourg 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Table 4: DSL coverage in rural areas at the end of 2005 (as a % of inhabitants) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 69.8% 70.3% 65.9% 66.4% November 2006 IDATE 12
  13. 13. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey DSL penetration Figure 5: National DSL subscriber bases at the end of 2005 (in million subscribers) 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Denmark Czech Republic Germany Portugal UK Luxembourg Belgium Malta Iceland Slovakia Estonia Greece Ireland Finland Poland France Hungary Netherlands Italy Cyprus Latvia Lithuania Slovenia Spain Austria Norway Table 5: National DSL subscriber bases at the end of 2005 (in million subscribers) Sweden EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 45.647 46.543 48.145 49.041 November 2006 IDATE 13
  14. 14. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 6: National DSL penetration at the end of 2005 average 27 Greece Slovakia Czech Republic Latvia Lithuani a Poland Hungary Ireland Cyprus Slovenia Portuga l Malta Estonia Austria Spain Italy UK Belgium Germany Sweden Luxembourg France Denmark Netherlands Norway Finland Iceland 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% Table 6: National DSL penetration at the end of 2005 (as a % of inhabitants) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 12.0% 12.1% 10.7% 10.7% November 2006 IDATE 14
  15. 15. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 7: DSL penetration in rural areas at the end of 2005 average 27 Cyprus Malta Greece Estonia na Latvia na Slovakia Poland Hungary Lithuani a Ireland Czech Republic Portuga l Germany Austria Slovenia Italy Spain Denmark Sweden UK France Luxembourg Finland Belgium Norway Netherlands Iceland 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% Table 7: DSL penetration in rural areas at the end of 2005 (as a % of inhabitants) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 7.0% 7.3% 5.8% 5.8% November 2006 IDATE 15
  16. 16. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey DSL download rate segmentation Figure 8: DSL subscriber bases broken down by download rates, at the end of 2005 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% na na 0% up to 512 kbps 512 kbps-1Mbps 1-2 Mbps 2-8 Mbps 8-20 Mbps > 20 Mbps Figure 9: Breakdown of rural DSL subscriber bases by download rate, at the end of 2005 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% na na na na na 0% up to 512 kbps 512 kbps-1Mbps 1-2 Mbps 2-8 Mbps 8-20 Mbps > 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 16
  17. 17. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey DSL access origin Figure 10: DSL subscriber bases broken down by access origin, at the end of 2005 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% retail incumbent resale ULL Figure 11: Breakdown of rural DSL subscriber bases by access origin, at the end of 2005 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% na na na na na na na 0% retail incumbent resale ULL November 2006 IDATE 17
  18. 18. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey 3.1.3.Cable modem coverage and take up Cable modem coverage Figure 12: National cable modem coverage at the end of 2005 average 27 Cyprus Greece Italy Latvia na Slovenia na Ireland Slovakia Poland Germany Norway Czech Republic France Austria Iceland Finland Luxembourg Spain Sweden UK Estonia Lithuani a Denmark Hungary Portuga l Belgium Netherlands Malta 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Table 8: Cable modem coverage at the end of 2005 (as a % of inhabitants) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 30.8% 30.6% 29.7% 29.7% November 2006 IDATE 18
  19. 19. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 13: Cable modem coverage in rural areas at the end of 2005 average 27 Cyprus Greece Iceland Italy Malta Norway Slovakia Czech Republic na Estonia na Latvia na Slovenia na France Germany Ireland Poland UK Luxembourg Lithuani a Spain Hungary Sweden Austria Finland Belgium Netherlands Denmark Portuga l 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% Table 1: Cable modem coverage in rural areas at the end of 2005 (as a % of inhabitants) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 6.7% 6.5% 6.4% 6.4% November 2006 IDATE 19
  20. 20. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Cable modem penetration Figure 14: National cable modem subscriber bases at the end of 2005 (in million subscribers) 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0 Denmark Czech Republic Germany Portugal UK Greece Iceland Ireland Slovakia Finland Poland Luxembourg Belgium Malta Estonia France Netherlands Italy Cyprus Hungary Latvia Slovenia Lithuania Spain Austria Norway Sweden Table 2: National cable modem subscriber bases at the end of 2005 (in million subscribers) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 8.865 9.003 9.834 9.972 November 2006 IDATE 20
  21. 21. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 15: National cable modem penetration at the end of 2005 average 27 Cyprus Greece Italy Iceland Germany Slovakia Ireland Latvia France Poland Czech Republic Luxembourg Hungary Lithuani a Finland Spain Norway Slovenia Estonia Sweden UK Portuga l Malta Austria Belgium Denmark Netherlands 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% Table 3: National cable modem penetration at the end of 2005 (as a % of inhabitants) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 2.3% 2.3% 2.2% 2.2% November 2006 IDATE 21
  22. 22. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 16: Cable modem penetration in rural areas at the end of 2005 average 27 Cyprus Germany Greece Iceland Ireland Italy Malta Norway Slovakia Czech Republic na Estonia na Finland na Latvia na Slovenia na France Luxembourg Lithuani a UK Poland Hungary Spain Portuga l Sweden Austria Denmark Netherlands Belgium 0% 1% 2% 3% 4% 5% 6% Table 4: Cable modem penetration in rural areas at the end of 2005 (as a % of inhabitants) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 0.4% 0.4% 0.3% 0.3% November 2006 IDATE 22
  23. 23. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Cable modem download rate segmentation Figure 17: Breakdown of cable modem subscriber bases by download rates, at the end of 2005 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% na na na 0% up to 512 kbps 512 kbps-1Mbps 1-2 Mbps 2-8 Mbps 8-20 Mbps > 20 Mbps Figure 18: Breakdown of rural cable modem subscriber bases by download rates, at end 2005 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% na na na na na na na na na 0% up to 512 kbps 512 kbps-1Mbps 1-2 Mbps 2-8 Mbps 8-20 Mbps > 20 Mbps November 2006 IDATE 23
  24. 24. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey 3.1.4.3G coverage and take up 3G coverage Figure 19: National 3G coverage at the end of 2005 average 27 Hungary Slovenia na Malta na Lithuani a na Latvia na Iceland na Estonia na Czech Republic na Cyprus na Poland Greece Portuga l Ireland France Denmark Belgium Italy Germany Finland Austria Spain Netherlands Norway UK Sweden Luxembourg 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Table 5: 3G coverage at the end of 2005 (as a % of inhabitants) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 68.1% 68.2% na na November 2006 IDATE 24
  25. 25. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey 3G penetration Figure 20: National 3G subscriber bases at the end of 2005 (in million subscribers) 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Denmark Czech Republic Portugal Germany Iceland Malta Poland Finland Greece Ireland France UK Slovakia Estonia Luxembourg Belgium Hungary Netherlands Cyprus Italy Latvia Lithuania Slovenia Spain Austria Norway Sweden Table 6: National cable modem subscriber bases at the end of 2005 (in million subscribers) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 22.506 22.621 22.537 22.652 November 2006 IDATE 25
  26. 26. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 21: National 3G penetration at the end of 2005 average 27 Cyprus Iceland Latvia Lithuani a Malta Slovakia Czech Republic Hungary Poland Estonia Belgium Greece Slovenia Netherlands Finland Spain France Germany Norway Ireland Luxembourg Austria Sweden UK Portuga l Italy Denmark 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% Table 7: National 3G penetration at the end of 2005 (as a % of inhabitants) EU-15 EU-15 + 2 EU-25 EU-25 + 2 5.9% 5.9% 5.0% 4.9% November 2006 IDATE 26
  27. 27. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey 3.2. EU-15 + Norway & Iceland from end 2003 to end 2005 3.2.1.Coverage Figure 22: National DSL coverage Greece 31/12/2003 31/12/2004 Ireland 31/12/2005 Austria Italy Norw ay Spain Finland Average Iceland Germany Portugal Sw eden France Netherlands UK Luxembourg Denmark Belgium 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% November 2006 IDATE 27
  28. 28. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 23: Rural DSL coverage Greece Italy Germany 31/12/2003 31/12/2004 Ireland 31/12/2005 Sweden Austria Average Finland Portugal Iceland Spain Norway France UK Netherlands Luxembourg Denmark Belgium 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% November 2006 IDATE 28
  29. 29. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 24: National cable modem coverage Greece Italy Ireland Germany Norw ay France Average Austria Iceland 31/12/2003 31/12/2004 Finland 31/12/2005 Luxembourg Spain Sw eden UK Denmark Portugal Belgium Netherlands 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% November 2006 IDATE 29
  30. 30. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 25: Rural cable modem coverage Norway Italy Iceland Greece France Germany Ireland UK Luxembourg 31/12/2003 Average 31/12/2004 31/12/2005 Spain Sweden Austria Finland Belgium Netherlands Denmark Portugal 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% November 2006 IDATE 30
  31. 31. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey 3.2.2.Take-up Figure 26: Broadband penetration by technology 31/12/2003 0.1% Greece 31/12/2005 1,4% 31/12/2003 0.6% 0,1% 0,2% Ireland 31/12/2005 4,9% 0,6% 1,1% 31/12/2003 1,8% 3,0% Portugal 31/12/2005 6,8% 4,9% 0,1% 31/12/2003 4,1% 1,4% Spain 31/12/2005 9,4% 2,9% 0,1% 31/12/2003 4,0% 0,4% Italy 31/12/2005 11,9% 0,6% 0,1% 0,1% Austria Germany 31/12/2003 5,4% 31/12/2005 12,6% 0,3% 0,1% 31/12/2003 3,2% 4,5% 0,1% 31/12/2005 8,5% 5,9% 0,3% 1,3% 31/12/2003 4,6% 0,1% Aver. 31/12/2005 12,1% 2,3% 0,3% 31/12/2003 5,6% 0,7% France 31/12/2005 14,6% 0,9% DSL Cable modem 31/12/2003 2,9% 0,5% Other Lux. 31/12/2005 14,2% 1,5% 31/12/2003 3,1% 2,3% UK 31/12/2005 12,1% 4,5% 31/12/2003 7,6% 4,7% Belgium 31/12/2005 12,5% 6,8% 31/12/2003 6,2% 2,1% 1,9% Finland Norway Sweden 31/12/2005 13,6% 3,7% 3,5% 31/12/2003 7,0% 1,4% 0,2% 31/12/2005 17,8% 3,0% 1,0% 31/12/2003 7,8% 1,6% 0,1% 31/12/2005 19,5% 2,8% 0,1% 31/12/2003 5,9% 6,0% NL 31/12/2005 15,6% 9,6% 0,3% Iceland Denmark 31/12/2003 8,8% 4,5% 0,8% 31/12/2005 15,5% 8,6% 2,5% 31/12/2003 13,9% 0,2% 0,4% 31/12/2005 25,9% 0,1% 0,6% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% November 2006 IDATE 31
  32. 32. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 27: National broadband penetration Greece Ireland Portugal 31/12/2003 31/12/2004 Spain 31/12/2005 Italy Germany Austria Average France Luxembourg UK Belgium Sw eden Norw ay Finland Netherlands Denmark Iceland 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% 14% 16% 18% 20% 22% 24% 26% 28% 30% November 2006 IDATE 32
  33. 33. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 28: Rural broadband penetration Greece Ireland Portugal 31/12/2003 Germany 31/12/2004 31/12/2005 Italy Spain Austria Average Sw eden UK Denmark France Luxembourg Finland Norw ay Iceland na Netherlands Belgium 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% 14% 16% 18% 20% 22% November 2006 IDATE 33
  34. 34. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey 3.2.3.Download rates Figure 29: National DSL download rate segmentation (Dec. 2005) 100% 2% 4% 5% 6% 8% 4% 9% 17% 16% 8% 14% 90% 17% 13% 15% 28% 29% 13% 30% 31% 19% 80% 42% 46% 70% 22% 57% 24% 18% 14% 60% 48% 54% 55% 92% 13% 50% 94% 13% 45% 85% 35% 18% 51% 40% 81% 78% 43% 73% 3% 53% 22% 30% 20% 42% 44% 42% 28% 32% 25% 26% 22% 14% 10% 21% 19% 8% 5% 5% 0% 2% 3% Denmark Germany Portugal UK Finland Belgium Greece Ireland Luxembourg France Iceland Netherlands Italy Spain Austria Average Norway Sweden <512kbps 512-1024kbps inc. 1-2Mbps incl. >2Mbps Figure 30: National DSL download rate segmentation (Dec. 2004) 100% 3% 4% 3% 3% 3% 6% 5% 9% 1% 10% 12% 3% 8% 11% 14% 7% 90% 12% 11% 23% 18% 21% 20% 20% 13% 80% 18% 16% 22% 47% 70% 8% 39% 37% 30% 60% 35% 18% 55% 38% 46% 50% 99% 83% 24% 92% 86% 89% 40% 78% 66% 68% 30% 42% 48% 50% 41% 49% 20% 27% 36% 30% 29% 10% na 4% 6% 4% 0% 1% Denmark Germany Portugal UK Finland Belgium Greece Iceland Luxembourg France Ireland Italy Netherlands Spain Austria Average Norway Sweden <512kbps 512-1024kbps inc. 1-2Mbps incl. >2Mbps November 2006 IDATE 34
  35. 35. Broadband Coverage in Europe 2006 Survey Figure 31: Rural DSL download rate segmentation (Dec. 2005) 100% 2% 3% 5% 11% 7% 10% 12% 15% 16% 90% 22% 26% 28% 15% 30% 28% 80% 42% 50% 22% 70% 15% 13% 54% 48% 60% 57% 35% 92% 13% 50% 97% 45% 51% 90% 37% no DSL in rural areas 84% 40% 80% 1% 23% 30% 60% 53% 43% 46% 20% 37% 38% 32% 22% 15% 27% 30% 10% 8% na 5% 5% 0% 2% 3% Denmark Germany Portugal UK Luxembourg Finland Belgium Greece Ireland France Iceland Netherlands Italy Spain Average Austria Norway Sweden <512kbps 512-1024kbps inc. 1-2Mbps incl. >2Mbps Figure 32: Rural DSL download rate segmentation (Dec. 2004) 100% 4% 3% 4% 1% 1% 6% 9% 5% 3% 6% 6% 3% 10% 13% 90% 15% 10% 23% 11% 19% 13% 80% 20% 39% 6% 35% 47% 49% 70% 29% 18% 60% 46% 50% 98% 89% 84% 96% no DSL in rural areas 90% 76% 87% 40% 24% 92% 42% 77% 75% 37% 30% 61% 54% 52% 20% 27% 29% 10% 19% 15% 4% 7% 0% 2% Denmark Germany Portugal UK Finland Iceland Luxembourg Belgium Greece France Ireland Netherlands Italy Spain Austria Average Norway Sweden <512kbps 512-1024kpps inc. 1-2Mbps incl. >2Mbps November 2006 IDATE 35

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