Calligraphy and Epigraphy
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Calligraphy and Epigraphy

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Lecture delivered by James Clough in Rome. 2012.

Lecture delivered by James Clough in Rome. 2012.

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Calligraphy and Epigraphy Calligraphy and Epigraphy Presentation Transcript

  • Calligraphy& epigraphy THE TWIN ROOTS OF TYPE James Clough & SVA RO M E — 2 9 M AY 2 0 1 2
  • The famous inscription at the base of Trajan’s column, Rome, 114 ad.
  • The ‘Lapis Niger’ (in the Forum, Rome) – the earliest Roman inscription. 575-550 bc.
  • Roman inscription.3rd century bc.Roman inscription.1st century bc.
  • Inscriptions of the 1st century bc.Museo Romano, Aquileia.
  • ‘V-cut’ letters — 1st century ad, Mentana.
  • Mosaic of sans serif letters — 1st century ad, Aqui Terme.
  • An inscription from the 2nd century ad in the National Museum in Naples.
  • di tratti chiari e scuri insieme alle grazie (le l’arte classica, a partire dal Qterminazioni appuntite delle aste). Le lettere sono e in Europa, c’è un ritorno d’raffinate, autorevoli e ideali per rappresentare lettere, accompagnato da m ➊ ➋ Detail of the Trajan inscription (114 ad). ➌
  • A fine Roman inscription recycled by medieval builders, Milan, 1233.
  • Digging up a 1st century Roman monument. The Ara Vetilia, Modena, 1997.
  • The Ara Vetilia and inscription.Now in the Roman Lapidario, Modena.
  • ABCDE F G A B C DE F GhI JKLM N O h I J K L M NO PQRST U V P Q RS T U V WX Y Z WXYZ1234567 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 -&!?% $ £ -&!?%$£ (–*)[; , . ] (–*)[;,.] The digital font Trajan, regular and bold — Carol Twombly, Adobe 1989.
  • Trajan as used by Italian and English publishers.
  • Another ‘epigraphic’ typeface: Augustea by Alessandro Buttiand Aldo Novarese (Nebiolo, 1951) and the cover of Novarese’s book.
  • An early Christian inscription at St. Ambrose church, Milan.
  • Left: an inscription cut in gothic rotunda minuscules, 1403.Right: a manuscript written in Italy in rotunda script. Before 1450.
  • The Bancozzi-Catenaci tombstone (1424). Santa Croce, Florence.
  • An inscription dedicated to Pope Pius II, Rome, 1462.
  • Inscription and tomb designed by Leon Battista Alberti. San Pancrazio, Florence, 1467.
  • Inscription on the Tempio Malatestiano in Rimini, 1450.
  • A page from the Alphabetum Romanum, Felice Feliciano, about 1460.
  • Feliciano’s Roman alphabet reconstructed by Giovanni Mardersteig in 1960.
  • The Felix typeface (Monotype, 1934).
  • A copperplate print by Mantegnaand a shop sign in Matthew Carter’s Mantinia (Carter & Cone, 1993).
  • Title page of Luca Pacioli’s Divina Proportione, Venice, 1509. A woodcut showing geometric construction of a letter.
  • Above: from Felice Feliciciano’s alphabet. Below: from Luca Pacioli’s alphabet.
  • Portrait of Luca Pacioli — Galleria Capodimonte, Naples.
  • Left: Durer, Underweysung der Messung, Nuremberg, 1525. Right: Geofroy Tory, Le Champ fleury, Paris, 1529.
  • Giovan Francesco Cresci, Il Perfetto scrittore, Rome, about 1571.
  • Edward Catich, The origin of the serif, Iowa, 1968.
  • Edward Catich, The origin of the serif, Iowa, 1968.
  • The ‘Trajan’ alphabet written (painted) by Edward Catich.
  • Election slogans painted on a wall in Pompei, 79 ad.
  • C · COMINIUS PYRRICHUS · ET L · NOUIUS · PRISCUS ET L · CAMPIUS PRIMIGENIUS FANATICI TRES A PULUINAR SYNETHAEI HIC FUERUNT CUM MARTIALE SODALE ACTIANIK ANICETIANI · SINCERI SALUTO SODALI FELICITERCursive Roman script (with transcription). Pompei, Before 79 ad.
  • A later, more developed Roman cursive script, 6th century ad. Archivio di Stato, Milan.
  • Left: Virgil’s Aeneid (5th century AD) in rustic capitals. Right: Ezechiel (5th century AD) in uncial letters.
  • Irish pub sign inAmerican Uncial.An Irish shopwith vernacular‘Irish uncial’letterforms.
  • Merovingian Visigothic Anglo-saxonThree of the various medieval European scripts.
  • Insular Beneventan Carolingian about 750Other medieval scripts and Carolingian script.
  • Very fine Carolingian script. New Testament, Tours (9th century).
  • 10th century 12th century 14th centuryThe slow transition from Carolingian to Gothic script.
  • Adoration of the Kings(Germany, second half of12th century).Trivulziana Library, Milan.
  • Gothic ‘Textura’ scriptfrom a Bible, Liege,about 1430.British Library,London
  • Italian rotunda gothic (about 1350) — Trivulziana Library, Milan.
  • Platina, De honesta voluptate, about 1470. Trivulziana Library, Milan.
  • Humanistic script:Gregorius Magnus,Regula Pastoralis, 1466.Trivulziana Library,Milan.
  • Fairly quickly written Humanistic script: Virgil, after 1465. Braidense Library, Milan.