Race and ethnicity
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  • 1. RACE ANDETHNICITY
  • 2. Race VS Ethnicity Race Ethnicity Classification  Culturally of humans defined according to differences physical between characteristic ethnic groups s in the society
  • 3. Ethnic Group A group of people with common cultural background According to G. Thomas’ theory of the “definition of the situation” – the physical characteristics that identify the group is not important but the feeling of belonging to each other
  • 4. Minority Group A group of people that is numerically lesser than the rest of the population Non-dominant position, possess ethnics religious or linguistic characteristics which distinguish them from the rest of the population
  • 5. Minority Group Its members share a sense of solidarity and a desire to preserve their culture, traditions, religion or language
  • 6. Characteristics of a minoritygroup The members suffer various disadvantages at the hand of another group They are identified by group characteristics that are socially visible It is a self-conscious group with a strong sense of “oneness”
  • 7. Characteristics of a minoritygroup They do not become members of a minority group voluntarily but are born into it They tend to marry within the group
  • 8. Ethnic Groups in thePhilippinesChristian Malay – 91.5%Muslim Malay – 4%Chinese – 1.5%Cultural Minorities – 3%Luzon – 28 Palawan – 8Visayas – 12 Sulu/Tawi-tawi –5
  • 9. The Igorots of NorthernLuzon In the provinces of Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga and Mountain province
  • 10. The Igorots of NorthernLuzonSix ethno-linguistic groups: (Clockwise fromtop left) Bontoc, Ibaloi, Ifugao, Isneg (orApayao), Kalinga, and the Kanka-ney
  • 11. The Igorots of Northern Luzon Ancestors used to be lowlanders, migrated to the mountains of Central Luzon in two distinct waves: • Search for food and water, and to trade commodities • Seek refuge and flee from Spaniards
  • 12. Ethnic Groups in Mindanao Bangsamoro, better known as Moros; consist of 12 groups Moros – a term for barbarism and inferiority, coined by the Spaniards
  • 13. Ethnic Groups in Mindanao These include the Maguinadanao, Maranao, Tausug, Samal, Badjao, Yakan, Sanguil, Malebanon, Maranao
  • 14. Ethnic Groups inMindanaoSamals (left) and Yakan (right)
  • 15. Ethnic Groups in Mindanao Indigenous groups or lumads in Mindanao include the T’boli, Mandaya, Manobo, Mansaka, Maranao, Sunanon, Tausug and Yakan
  • 16. Ethnic Groups inMindanao B’taan, T’bolis, Mandaya(From left to right)and Bagobo