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places of worship ppt

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  • Transcript

    • 1. By Dominic Di Cicco 7M1 Places of Worship
    • 2. St. Marks Basilica, Venice, Italy The Kaaba, Mecca, Saudi Arabia Henan Shao Lin Monastery, Henan Province, China
    • 3. The kaaba الكعبة المشرفة
      • The holiest place in all of Islam, located in the al-Masjid al-Haram mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
      • It is a cube shaped stone structure built in the middle of the Sacred Mosque.
      • The Kaaba was built by prophet Abraham as a landmark for the House of God, for the sole purpose of worshipping of God alone
      • The current height of the kaaba is 39 feet, 6 inches and total size comes to 627 square feet.
    • 4. The kaaba: History
      • Little is known of the pre-Islamic history
      • There are various opinions regarding its formation and significance
      • The area did not start becoming an area of religious pilgrimage until around 500 AD.
      • The Quraysh tribe (where Muhammad was later born into) made an agreement with the local Kinana Bedouins for control
    • 5. The kaaba: Black Stone
      • A significant feature of the kaaba is the Black Stone, also called al-Hajar-ul-Aswad ,.
        • 30 cm in diameter, located on the Eastern corner of the Kaaba, and surrounded by a silver frame.
        • Muslims try to kiss the Black Stone, as Muhammad once kissed it
    • 6. St. Mark’s Basilica ( Basilica de San Marco)
      • the cathedral of Venice, the most famous of the city's churches and one of the best known examples of Byzantine architecture.
      • lies on St Mark's Square adjacent and connected to the Doge's Palace.
      • Originally it was the "chapel" of the Venetian rulers. Since 1807 it has been the seat of the Patriarch of Venice, archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Venice.
      • From the 11th century on the building was known by the nickname Chiesa d'Or or the church of gold.
    • 7.
      • The first St Mark's was a temporary building in the Doge’s Palace, constructed in 828
      • the first St Mark's Campanile (bell tower). The new church was burned in a rebellion in 976, rebuilt in 978 and again to form the basis of the present basilica since 1063.
    • 8.
      • The basilica was consecrated in 1094
      • The building also includes a low tower (now housing St Mark’s body), believed by some to have been part of the original Doge's Palace.
      • Within the first half of the 13th century the narthex and the new façade were constructed,
    • 9. He Nan shaolin Monastery ( 少林寺 or Shàolínsì)
      • The Shaolin Monastery is a Ch'an Buddhist temple at Song Shan in Henan Province
      • The monastery was built by the Emperor Hsiao-Wen in AD 496
      • The first abbot of Shaolin was Batuo
      • Batuo was an Indian dhyana master who came to China in AD 464 to spread Buddhist teachings.
    • 10.
      • After the Battle of Qianglingkou, it began to play a military role in Imperial affairs
        • grew to include over 1000 "soldier-monks" during the Ming dynasty (1368-1644).
      • When Manchu invaders took China's imperial throne and formed the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) martial arts were outlawed.
      • Between 1644 and 1928 the Shaolin Temple was burnt at least three times. A number of relics and over 230 pagodas have survived on the grounds; some date back as far as the Tang dynasty.
    • 11.
      • Today several structures greet visitors to the temple, including a Bell Tower and a Drum Tower, both characteristic of Chinese temples.
      • There is also the Hall of the Heavenly Kings, Mahavira Hall and the Sutra-Keeping Pavilion with well over 5000 Buddhist sutras in its library.
      • Fangzhang Hall traditionally served as a resting place for the temple's abbots.
    • 12.
      • شكرا
      • Grazie
      • 谢谢
      • Thank you for listening