THIS SLIDE SHOWSHOW DIFFERENT TYPES OF BRAIN INJURIES ARE CLASSIFIED THE TYPE OF INJURY WE WILL FOCUS ON TODAY IS TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY
Falls were the leading cause of traumatic brain injury (28%), followed by motor vehicle-traffic (20%) and assaults (11%).
TRAINER: WE WILL LOOK AT TWO TYPES OF TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURIES THAT CAN OCCUR FROM AN EXTERNAL PHYSICAL FORCE OPEN-HEAD INJURIES INCLUDE THOSE WHERE THE SKULL HAS BEEN PENETRATED INJURIES THAT INVOLVE PENETRATION OF THE SKULL AND BRAIN CAN BE MORE LOCALIZED CLOSED HEAD INJURIES AND INJURIES OF A NON-TRAUMATIC NATURE (I.E. STROKE OR ANOXIA FROM NEAR DROWNING) CAN CAUSE MORE DIFFUSE OR GLOBAL DAMAGE
TRAINER: #1: THE GREATES PERCENT OF BRAIN MATURATION OCCURS IN THE EARLY YEARS, BIRTH THRU AGE 5. WE LEARN MORE DURING THIS TIME THAN AT ANY OTHER TIME IN OUR LIFE LEARNING TO WALK/RUN (P-O), SPEAK/USE LANGUAGE(T), BONDING EMOTIONALLY WITH FAMILY, ETC. DESPITE MYTHS THAT INJURY DURING THIS TIME IS OF LITTLE CONSEQUENCE, WE NOW KNOW THATTBI DURING THIS TREMENDOUS STAGE OF BRAIN DEVELOPMENT CAN BE DEVASTATING CHILDREN WITH DAMAGE TO THEIR FRONTAL LOBES FROM TBI BEFORE AGE 5 FREQUENTLY HAVE LIFELONG CHALLENGES WITH SOCIAL AND BEHAVIORAL ISSUES #2: CAN HANDLE SEPARATION (C), WRITING(P-O),FOLLOWING DIRECTIONS & IMPULSE CONTROL (F-T) #3: BECOMING MORE COORDINATED(P-O) (ex)playing team sports #4: LEARNING 2ND LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATE SOCIALLY W/PEERS & ADULTS, REMEMBERING MORE ACADEMIC INFO(T); EMOTIONS BECOMING MORE ADULT-LIKE(C) #5: ACCEPTING MORE RESPONSIBILITY, PLANNING LIVES(F-T)
Brain Injuries Congenital brain injury Pre-birth During birth Acquired Brain Injury After birth process Traumatic Brain Injury (external physical force) Closed Head Injury Open Head Injury Non-traumatic Brain Injury
Sudden damage to the brain due to an external force.
Closed Head Injury- Occurs when the head forcefully collides with another object (for example the windshield of a car) but doesn't fracture or penetrate the skull.
Open Head Injury- Occurs when an object (for example a bullet) fractures the skull and debris enters the brain and rips the soft brain tissue in its path.
Epidemiology Percentage of Average Annual Traumatic Brain Injury-Related Emergency Department Visits, Hospitalizations, and Deaths, by External Cause, United States, 1995-2001
National Prevalence Rates of Various Disabilities 500,000 with Cerebral Palsy 2 million Americans with Epilepsy 3 million with Stroke disabilities 4 million with Alzheimer’s Disease 5 million with persistent mental illness 7.3 million Americans with mental retardation 400,000 w/ Spinal Cord Injuries 5.3 million with TBI disability