1. COMMUNITY COLLEGE OF RHODE ISLAND
Instructor: E. Goffe and Faculty
Target Group: Allied Health Services
Lecture Texts: Drake, R., Vogl, W. and A. Mitchell. 2010. Gray’s Anatomy
for Students, 2nd edition, Elsevier Inc.
Lab Texts: Moberg, P.A. and L. Zanella. 2001. A Photo Atlas of the
Goffe, Eylana Goldman. 2009. Human Anatomy Lab Manual.
2. COURSE DESCRIPTION
Human Anatomy is a fifteen-week course that meets five and one half hours each
week. Two and one half hours are spent in lecture and three hours are spent in the
laboratory. The lecture is based principally on descriptive material with theoretical
support where appropriate. Success in the laboratory will be founded on self-
discipline and effort on the part of the student. The pace of the laboratory work
will be set to match progress in lectures so far as is possible.
Student evaluation will be based upon weekly quizzes and assignments, three
laboratory practical exams, and three written lecture exams.
Allied health science deals with the normal and pathological processes of the
human organism. Since structure and function are uniquely interrelated, one must
have a basic knowledge of the human functional morphology to understand these
processes. To communicate within the health professions, a common anatomical
language is necessary. To understand the sick or damaged body, one must be
familiar with the normal body. To ascertain the damage to muscle, bone, nerves, or
other tissues, and to repair that damage requires knowledge of the function of these
structures as they work together.
Our general goals will be:
1. To provide a common anatomical language for
communication within the health profession.
2. To relate the above language to the functional morphology of
the human organism.
3. To provide a morphological basis for future understanding of
normal and pathological physiological processes.
4. To develop knowledge of the anatomy of the human body by
the study of the organ system.
5. To illustrate the principle that structure and function are uniquely
3. To attain these goals we will rely on the textbook and lab manual, lectures and
especially time spent in lab, both assigned and extra.
Laboratory Practical Exams 40%
Written Lecture Exams 40%
Quiz/Assignment Average 20%
Letter grades will be assigned according to the following point accumulations:
100-94 = A 79-77 = C+
93-90 = A- 76-70 = C
89-87 = B+ 69-67 = D+
86-84 = B 66-60 = D
83-80 = B- 59-0 = F
PLEASE NOTE: CCRI is now using a “+/-“ system which allows instructors to
distinguish between different levels of work. The difference between receiving a
“+” grade and a “-“ is just a matter of a single point. However it is the student’s
responsibility to EARN those points through coursework. DO NOT ask your
instructor to give you a point to bump your grade at the end of the semester!
To pass the course the student must have both a lecture average of at least a “C”
AND a laboratory exam average of a “C”. Please remember admission to the
Nursing Program at CCRI requires a minimum grade of “B-” in this Human
Anatomy course. See the website for more information.
QUIZZES: At least one quiz will be given each week, with the likely exception of
exam weeks. The material for these quizzes will be announced at least one class in
advance. Make-up quizzes are given at the discretion of the instructor. If you have
to request a make-up quiz please inform your instructor as soon as possible.
LECTURE EXAMS: Three written lecture exams will be given. The exams will be
based on reading assignments and lectures. Make-up exams will be given if
arrangements are made with the instructor PRIOR to the scheduled exam or if
proof of a legitimate absence can be furnished.
4. LABORATORY EXAMS: Three laboratory practical exams will be given. The
exams will be based on the laboratory assignments. Under extreme circumstances
and with the permission of their instructors, students may be allowed to take the
exam with another section. Make-up laboratory exams are never given after the
week they are scheduled, regardless of reason for absence.
Final grades are posted on pipeline shortly after final exams are given. If you are
interested in learning the grades of your individual exams, you must make
arrangements with your instructor.
Anatomy lab is designed to assist you in learning the lecture material through
hands-on activities. This will include examination of tissues under a microscope,
bones, specimen (cat and other), anatomical models, as well as creating human
muscles from clay and attaching them appropriately to mini skeletons. Other
activities may also be required.
You should do your best to integrate the lab and lecture material while working in
lab, listening in lecture, and studying at home.
The Biology Department will provide dissection instruments and safety goggles.
Probes and forceps will be available to use during lab. Scalpels and scissors will
not be necessary because the specimen will already be dissected. You must provide
your own non-latex gloves. If you want to, you may also bring in a lab coat or
other shirt to protect your clothing. These will not be provided.
Some students also like to bring in surgical masks to cover their nose and mouths
during the dissection. You will not be allowed to store these items (e.g. lab coat,
gloves, etc) in lab between classes.
Attendance is essential in lab. Each lab is three hours long. The student must
complete any work missed on his/her own time.
Students are expected to prepare for the laboratory by completing any assignments
required, and by reading the appropriate chapters in the text and/or lab manual.
Students should also take the time to view pictures of the slides, bones or
dissections they will be studying that week in lab. This can be done in the book or
on-line. This preparation will allow you to make the most of your lab time. The
laboratory is a place to work and study. The lab will be open to all students as
announced in class provided there is room. If you wish to study while another class
5. is using the facilities, be sure to ask the instructor’s permission before working in
The following rules must be followed throughout the semester:
1. The room must be an ideal study area at all times.
2. Talking should be done quietly.
3. Moving about should not be disturbing to others.
4. Smoking is never permitted in the lab.
5. No food or beverages are allowed in the lab.
6. No menthol products (e.g. Vick’s Vapor Rub, Blistex, etc) are allowed
7. All extra clothing and books should be placed in an area other than the
tabletop, which is reserved for laboratory work.
8. Individual work areas should be left clean. Wipe down the tables,
trays and tools with the cleaner provided. Check the floor around your
9. All types of waste must be disposed of properly. Deposit any fat, fur
or fascia in the appropriate waste receptacle located in fume hood
before washing the trays at the sink. Deposit all liquid from specimens
in the appropriate container located in the fume hood. Paper towels,
gloves, and other common trash should be thrown in the regular trash
cans and never in the receptacles designated for hazardous waste such
as preservative or specimen parts.
10. Return all specimens to the appropriate containers.
11. DO NOT REMOVE ANY SPECIMEN FROM THE LAB AREA.
6. Zoological Roots
The following pages contain zoological roots, which are the basis for much of the
anatomical terminology used in anatomy. Each row in the left column provides
one or more zoological roots with a particular meaning, and the right column
provides one or more definitions for those roots. In parentheses after the definition,
examples of words built from those zoological roots are provided.
You must learn all of the zoological roots provided and at least one correct
definition. You do not need to memorize the examples. Your first lecture quiz will
be on all of these roots.
Once you have learned these zoological roots, you will have an excellent tool for
understanding the vocabulary of anatomy. In some instances you will be able to
translate a word you have never seen before based on the roots it is made of.
7. Reading Assignments: Topic
Gray’s Anatomy for Students
Introduction: pg xi-xiii Using the book
Chapter 1: All Anatomy overview & Imaging
Chapter 2: pg 56-100 The Back
Chapter 3: All Thorax and Thoracic Cavity
Chapter 7: pg 675-691 Muscles of Thorax
Chapter 2: pg 101-111 Spinal Cord
Chapter 8: All (Omit Ear and Eye sections) Skull, Head & Neck
Chapter 7: All Upper Extremity
Chapter 4: All Abdomen
Chapter 5: All Pelvis and Perineum
Chapter 6: All Lower Extremity
Important Notes about the Reading Assignments
1) You are not responsible for the “Clinical Cases” or “Surface Anatomy”
sections provided at the end of each chapter, unless noted in lecture.
2) You are only required to learn the origin, insertion , innervation and
action of the muscles that are referred to in your power point
presentation, discussed in lecture or investigated in lab.
3) The order that material is covered in lecture may not be exactly the same
as it is covered in the book’s chapters. You may have to skim the
chapters (or use the index) to find the specific portion of the reading that
goes along with what we cover in lecture week to week.
4) Chapter 1 provides an overview of each body system. You may want to
refer back to this section as we cover large parts of systems throughout
the semester (e.g. when we study the heart, go back to chapter 1 and
review the cardiovascular system summary!).
5) One of the book’s greatest assets is the pictures. Take the time to look at
them carefully and understand what is being shown to you. Also take the
time to read the labels on the pictures and the figure descriptions that
accompany them. They will help you immensely! If there’s a picture that
you can’t quite wrap your brain around, feel free to ask me about it
during office hours or lab.
6) Additional reading may be given to you during the semester to
supplement the textbook.