Renaissance Period, <br />16th to 19th Century<br />
Renaissance<br /><ul><li>A word borrowed from FRENCH LANGUAGE
meaning “REBIRTH”
 Applied to 15th centurywhich is one of the highest moment of civilization
ECONOMIC PROGRESS  in late Medieval Period
A result in the growth of cities; increased in trade and commerce</li></li></ul><li>Results of Renaissance<br /><ul><li> r...
 series of  maritime expeditions in which man circumnavigated the world for the first time
 the discovery of more trade routes
 development of trade and commerce changed the structure of the society</li></li></ul><li>Renaissance’s Ideal of Man<br />...
Knowledgeable in number of fields
Philosophy
Science
Art (Painting and Music)
Applies his knowledge to productive and creative activity
Great  men in this period were versatile. </li></li></ul><li>Painting and Sculpture<br /><ul><li> Portable easel paintings...
Artists are strongly influenced by science
More naturalistic portrayal of man
Revived studies of the nude and the male athlete
Michelangelo’s Dawn, Evening, and Night, Moses
New concept of space
As geometric or linear perspective in painting and sculpture</li></li></ul><li>Michaelangelo’s<br />Dawn, Evening, and Nig...
Early Renaissance(First Half of 15th Century)<br />Painters were Massaccio and Pierodella Francesca <br />Massaccio with v...
High Renaissance <br />(Second Half of 15th Century)<br /><ul><li> Evolution of LANDSCAPE
In portraits, human face became even more expressive with SFUMATO
FLORENCE continued to be a center of art together with ROME and VENICE
 Aristocratic residences or palazzos were constructed
Michelozzi; one of the outstanding Italian architects of palazzos.
During the period, objective, mathematical standards of measurement and proportion were observed.</li></ul>Sfumatorefers t...
Renaissance’s Paintings<br />
16th Century<br />
Mannerism<br /><ul><li> In 1527- Rome, was sacked and brought to ruin by the Spanish and German armies of Emperor Charles V.
 Decay of Classicism in the visual arts took the form of Mannerism which expressed:
 Insecurity
 Anxieties
 Escapist </li></li></ul><li>Various Forms of Mannerism<br />In the subject<br />Painting is often obscure and ambigous<br...
IN SUBJECT<br />Madonna of the Long Neck<br />
OF SPACE<br />St. Martin and the Beggar<br />
Of value<br />El Greco’s View of Toledo<br />
Of line<br />The Last Judgement<br />
Of gesture<br />Vision of Saint Jerome<br />
Of the Fantastic and the Bizarre<br />Allegory of Winter<br />
Additional Information <br />In PAINTING, SCULPTURE, and ARCHITECTURE  characterized w/:<br /><ul><li>Sense of instability...
Palazzo del Te at Mantua
Vignola
Jesuit church of Il Gesu in Rome
Andrea Palladio
Rotonda (Villa Capra) at Vicenza</li></li></ul><li>17th and 18th Century<br /><ul><li>Baroque Art
Painting
Sculpture
Architecture
Music</li></li></ul><li>BAROQUE  ART<br />REFORMATION<br />the great religious upheaval that shook the whole Europe after ...
Religious Leaders<br />During this period<br /><ul><li> Martin Luther, John Calvin, and John Knox
Demanded religious reforms to put a stop to the abuses of the clergy such as selling indulgencies and religious titles.	</...
From 1545 to 1563 – the Council of  Trent was convened to set Church policies on various subjects including art.</li></li>...
It gave way to the turbulent expression.
The composition of most baroque paintings is along diagonal line or may follow zigzags.
 *CHIAROSCURO very important feature of Baroque</li></ul>*An effect of contrasted light and shadow created by light fallin...
Left: Crucifixion<br />Right: Descent from the Cross<br />
Baroque Art in Painting has the following elements:<br /><ul><li>Value
Joseph and Child Jesus
Texture
 Woman with Water Jug
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S O C I O6

  1. 1. Renaissance Period, <br />16th to 19th Century<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. Renaissance<br /><ul><li>A word borrowed from FRENCH LANGUAGE
  4. 4. meaning “REBIRTH”
  5. 5. Applied to 15th centurywhich is one of the highest moment of civilization
  6. 6. ECONOMIC PROGRESS in late Medieval Period
  7. 7. A result in the growth of cities; increased in trade and commerce</li></li></ul><li>Results of Renaissance<br /><ul><li> revival of classical learning in the study of the ancient Greek and Roman texts
  8. 8. series of maritime expeditions in which man circumnavigated the world for the first time
  9. 9. the discovery of more trade routes
  10. 10. development of trade and commerce changed the structure of the society</li></li></ul><li>Renaissance’s Ideal of Man<br /><ul><li> well rounded man
  11. 11. Knowledgeable in number of fields
  12. 12. Philosophy
  13. 13. Science
  14. 14. Art (Painting and Music)
  15. 15. Applies his knowledge to productive and creative activity
  16. 16. Great men in this period were versatile. </li></li></ul><li>Painting and Sculpture<br /><ul><li> Portable easel paintings became popular
  17. 17. Artists are strongly influenced by science
  18. 18. More naturalistic portrayal of man
  19. 19. Revived studies of the nude and the male athlete
  20. 20. Michelangelo’s Dawn, Evening, and Night, Moses
  21. 21. New concept of space
  22. 22. As geometric or linear perspective in painting and sculpture</li></li></ul><li>Michaelangelo’s<br />Dawn, Evening, and Night, Moses<br />
  23. 23. Early Renaissance(First Half of 15th Century)<br />Painters were Massaccio and Pierodella Francesca <br />Massaccio with volume, anatomical studies, and chiaroscuro effects<br />Peiro della Francesca developed the science of perspective and stressed simple forms and geometric structure<br />chiaroscuro, literally "light-dark", a technique which was used to great effect to create dramatic contrasts.<br />
  24. 24. High Renaissance <br />(Second Half of 15th Century)<br /><ul><li> Evolution of LANDSCAPE
  25. 25. In portraits, human face became even more expressive with SFUMATO
  26. 26. FLORENCE continued to be a center of art together with ROME and VENICE
  27. 27. Aristocratic residences or palazzos were constructed
  28. 28. Michelozzi; one of the outstanding Italian architects of palazzos.
  29. 29. During the period, objective, mathematical standards of measurement and proportion were observed.</li></ul>Sfumatorefers to the subtle gradation of tone which was used to obscure sharp edges and create a synergy between lights and shadows in a painting<br />
  30. 30. Renaissance’s Paintings<br />
  31. 31. 16th Century<br />
  32. 32. Mannerism<br /><ul><li> In 1527- Rome, was sacked and brought to ruin by the Spanish and German armies of Emperor Charles V.
  33. 33. Decay of Classicism in the visual arts took the form of Mannerism which expressed:
  34. 34. Insecurity
  35. 35. Anxieties
  36. 36. Escapist </li></li></ul><li>Various Forms of Mannerism<br />In the subject<br />Painting is often obscure and ambigous<br />Of space<br /> the foreground, middle ground and background of the painting may seem to be unrelated<br />Of line<br />Which outlines are elongated and the forms contorted and twisted.<br />Of gesture<br />Which the hands may call attention to themselves by their unusual, exaggerated or dramatic gesture<br />Of the fantastic and the bizarre<br />e.g Allegory of Winter<br />Of value<br /> may employ strong contrast of light and dark which the subject not necessarily require<br />
  37. 37. IN SUBJECT<br />Madonna of the Long Neck<br />
  38. 38. OF SPACE<br />St. Martin and the Beggar<br />
  39. 39. Of value<br />El Greco’s View of Toledo<br />
  40. 40. Of line<br />The Last Judgement<br />
  41. 41. Of gesture<br />Vision of Saint Jerome<br />
  42. 42. Of the Fantastic and the Bizarre<br />Allegory of Winter<br />
  43. 43. Additional Information <br />In PAINTING, SCULPTURE, and ARCHITECTURE characterized w/:<br /><ul><li>Sense of instability and ambiguity</li></ul>OUTSTANDING ARCHITECTS OF THE PERIOD :<br /><ul><li>Giulio Romano
  44. 44. Palazzo del Te at Mantua
  45. 45. Vignola
  46. 46. Jesuit church of Il Gesu in Rome
  47. 47. Andrea Palladio
  48. 48. Rotonda (Villa Capra) at Vicenza</li></li></ul><li>17th and 18th Century<br /><ul><li>Baroque Art
  49. 49. Painting
  50. 50. Sculpture
  51. 51. Architecture
  52. 52. Music</li></li></ul><li>BAROQUE ART<br />REFORMATION<br />the great religious upheaval that shook the whole Europe after the period of Renaissance.<br />
  53. 53. Religious Leaders<br />During this period<br /><ul><li> Martin Luther, John Calvin, and John Knox
  54. 54. Demanded religious reforms to put a stop to the abuses of the clergy such as selling indulgencies and religious titles. </li></li></ul><li>Additional Information<br /><ul><li>Christendom was split into many factions.
  55. 55. From 1545 to 1563 – the Council of Trent was convened to set Church policies on various subjects including art.</li></li></ul><li>Features of Baroque art<br />PAINTING<br /><ul><li>Characterized by movement, energy and restlessness.
  56. 56. It gave way to the turbulent expression.
  57. 57. The composition of most baroque paintings is along diagonal line or may follow zigzags.
  58. 58. *CHIAROSCURO very important feature of Baroque</li></ul>*An effect of contrasted light and shadow created by light falling unevenly or from a particular direction on something.<br />
  59. 59. Left: Crucifixion<br />Right: Descent from the Cross<br />
  60. 60. Baroque Art in Painting has the following elements:<br /><ul><li>Value
  61. 61. Joseph and Child Jesus
  62. 62. Texture
  63. 63. Woman with Water Jug
  64. 64. Space
  65. 65. Bathsheba or Night Watch
  66. 66. Let’s take a look!</li></li></ul><li>VALUE is an important element<br />in Baroque Art, for it creates atmosphere and emotional effects,<br />as light becomes symbolic of the interior life. <br />
  67. 67. Texture<br />Another decisive element <br />of Baroque Art.<br />
  68. 68. Baroque Art ‘s PRIMARY AIM is to reach the emotions by seducing the senses.<br />(Texture) <br />
  69. 69. (Bathsheba) <br /><ul><li>A unique treatment of SPACE.
  70. 70. Transparent darkness, hinting at figures or objects dimly seen
  71. 71. Darkness at the opening into a deeper space</li></li></ul><li>Sculpture & Architecture<br /> restless, dynamic style with its diagonals and floating curved lines<br />Striking chiaroscuro<br />Sensuous textural effects<br />Marked by a sculptural, highly ornamented façade<br />E.g Church of San Carlo alleQuatroFontane<br /> by Arch. Francesco Borromini<br />
  72. 72.
  73. 73. Music<br /><ul><li> refers to rich polyphonic music composed about the period between 1600 and 1750
  74. 74. Period of VOCAL FORMS
  75. 75. ORATORIO
  76. 76. CANTATA
  77. 77. Instrumental forms such as FUGUE
  78. 78. G.F Handel and Johann Sebastian Bach are great composers of baroque music</li></li></ul><li>Rococo Art<br />Rococo is a French word ROCAILLE meaning shell or conch which is the predominant motif of rococo art<br /><ul><li> an aristocratic art
  79. 79. Its subject composed of gentlemen and ladies of leisure
  80. 80. Sense of intimacy</li></li></ul><li>The stolen kiss<br />
  81. 81. Late 18th Century and the 19th Century<br />
  82. 82. Neo- Classism <br /><ul><li> started around the mid 1700’s
  83. 83. it was more than just a revival of the antiquities
  84. 84. it also represented the political events and seriousness of the time
  85. 85. It was the period following the Rococo</li></li></ul><li>During this period<br /><ul><li>French Academy was founded
  86. 86. Veneration of antiquity and formal discipline
  87. 87. Arts served to glorify a single monarch</li></li></ul><li>The French monarchs became more and more decadent and the French Revolution in 1789 dealt a severe blow to the monarchy. <br /><ul><li>The Revolution was betrayed by Napoleon</li></li></ul><li>Romanticism<br />
  88. 88. after French Revolution<br />Stressed the individual freedom of the artist and his subjective reaction to the world around him<br />Art was transformed by the emotions and personal sensibility of the artist<br />* Important aspect of ROMANTISISM: Interest in Social Issues<br />
  89. 89.
  90. 90. Romanticism has its passive subject:<br />HEART and EMOTIONS took precedence over reason<br />This give rise to emotional instability, feelings of melancholy or despair, fatalism, and desolation<br />
  91. 91. Artists during this period :<br /><ul><li>Freed from Church and State patronage
  92. 92. Artists sought escapism which has variety of forms
  93. 93. Escape into space
  94. 94. Interest in magic, the occult, or the fantastic
  95. 95. Lose himself in nature
  96. 96. Take refuge in bohemianism or in dandyism
  97. 97. Cultivate a taste for the mad, the horrible, nothingness and death * In his works</li></li></ul><li>Escape in space<br />Interest in magic, occult and fantastic<br />
  98. 98. <ul><li>First to paint outdoors under natural lighting conditions
  99. 99. Constable
  100. 100. Turner
  101. 101. Corot</li></li></ul><li>Music<br />Romantic composers are freed from the restraints of classical form<br /><ul><li> emotion triumphs over intellect and the beauty of the melodic line holds sway over considerations of structure.</li></li></ul><li>Realism<br />
  102. 102. Realism<br /><ul><li>2nd half of 19th century
  103. 103. Rise of industrial capitalism, growth of the working class
  104. 104. The gods and goddesses of classical mythology as a subject was replaced
  105. 105. Their subjects are the working people </li></li></ul><li>Realist Artists<br />Honore Daumier<br /><ul><li> he had sumpathy for the poor and the oppressed (as found in his works
  106. 106. he has a gift of capturing the essential spirit of human relationships
  107. 107. His paintings were distinguished by his expressive and masterful lines, as well as his skillful use of chiaroscuro. </li></ul>Gustave Courbet<br /><ul><li>Earned the scorn of critics
  108. 108. His paintings expose the vanity and pettiness of the working people or his subjects</li></ul>Francois Millet <br /><ul><li>known for his paintings of peasants in the field
  109. 109. Exude a solemn and religious atmosphere, not without a certain didacticism</li></li></ul><li>Peasants in the Fields By Francois Millet<br />
  110. 110. Stone Breaker by Gustave Courbet<br />
  111. 111. The Third Class Carriage by Honore Daumier<br />
  112. 112. Art Nauveau<br />
  113. 113. ART NOUVEAU<br /><ul><li>Due to reaction of Industrialization and machine, new style (art nouveau emerge)
  114. 114. The style was characterized by sinuous, indulating line transforming itself continually into tendrils, stems, leaves, veins, and petals
  115. 115. Further metamorphosing into woman’s hair, waves or strange animal forms</li></li></ul><li>
  116. 116. Englishman William Morris<br /><ul><li>stressed the importance of communal effort in art and expressed a nostalgia for the pre- industrial society with its guilds
  117. 117. was the first voice raised against mass production which he foresaw would lower artistic quality
  118. 118. he was with **Pre- Raphaelites- they propagated the art nouveau
  119. 119. Dante Gabriel Rossetti
  120. 120. Burne Jones
  121. 121. Maddox Brown</li></ul>**Pre- Raphaelites- people who drew inspiration from art before Raphael and the high Renaissance<br />
  122. 122. Symbolism<br />
  123. 123. Aestheticism during the period creates the theory:<br />“art for art’s sake”<br />This theory place the importance of FORM or the FORMAL AESTHETIC elements over meaning or content<br />Later, Poetry took the direction of SYMBOLISM<br />It expresses the idea of **SYNESTHESIA<br />*Synesthesia- various senses intermingled and fused with one another<br />
  124. 124. “Symbolism in art was a new version of the universe in which one saw a living spirit in all things animate or inanimate and as in *Platonism”<br />*the view that there exist such things as abstract objects<br />
  125. 125. Poetry in Symbolism was wedded with music<br />Poet Mallarme’s “To name an object is to take away three- fourths of the pleasure.”<br />Atmosphere of the aura of the object is the essence of symbolism.<br />
  126. 126. Tanks porlisining!<br />

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