America Civil War
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America Civil War

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America Civil War Presentation Transcript

  • 1. THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR
  • 2. THE BELLIGERENTS North(United States of America) & South(Confederacy)
  • 3. THE UNION
  • 4. STATES OF THE UNION California, Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Maine, Massachussets, Michigan, Minnesota, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia and Wisconsin.
  • 5. PRINCIPLES OF THE UNION The Union was opposed to slavery since Abraham Lincoln became President of the USA in 1861. They were not agree with the independence of the Southern states.
  • 6. LEADERS AND GENERALS President: Abraham Lincoln Generals: Ulysses S. Grant, George Meade, Winfield Scott, George McClellan
  • 7. THE CONFEDERACY
  • 8. STATES OF THE CONFEDERACY South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina and Tennessee
  • 9. PRINCIPLES OF THE CONFEDERACY They supported slavery (many people think that it is the main cause of the war, but it is not certain enough) and they protected the self-government right in their states. They arrested everybody who showed support (or was suspect of that) to The Union. They were supported by the UK and the Pope.
  • 10. LEADERS AND GENERALS OF THE CONFEDERACY President: Jefferson Davis Generals: Robert E. Lee,Thomas J. Jackson, Albert Sidney Johnson.
  • 11. CAUSES OF THE WAR ● ● ● Social and economic differences between the North and the South: The Union was richer than the South States vs federal rights: The Confederacy believed in the self-government and the Union wanted more power to the federal institutions Slavery: As we said before, the Union wanted to abolish slavery and the South disagreed.
  • 12. THE BEGINNING OF THE WAR The war broke out when the Confederacy troops assalted Fort Sumter. The Union's response to this attack was a hard repression. Then, some southern states joined these troops and declared independents of the Union.
  • 13. THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE WAR The Union had more soldiers and a better equipment which allowed them to fight in better conditions. Furthermore they blockaded the ports of the South which had a negative effect on the Confederacy economy.However, the North faced one great difficulty;the only way to win the war was invading the South, and, who knows the South better than the southern people?
  • 14. GETTYSBURG, THE TURNING POINT This battle was the bloodiest one of the war (and one of the bloodiest in USA history). Robert E. Lee (Confederacy) attacked the Potomac Army lead by George Meade. Eventually, the Union won and after this battle, they could invade the South. It was the turning point of the war.
  • 15. THE END OF THE WAR After Gettysburg, the progress of the northern troops was unstoppable. The Confederacy was running out of almost everything. Many soldiers deserted and finally, even General Lee surrended his troops.
  • 16. VICTORY OF THE UNION AND MAIN CONSEQUENCES After the war, the South became again a part of the USA and had to recognize Abraham Lincoln as President. Slavery was definitely abolished in the South. Abraham Lincoln was killed by a sympathetic of the Confederacy.
  • 17. INTERESTING THINGS ABOUT THE WAR ● ● ● Three of Lincoln's own brothers-in-law died fighting for the Confederacy Two brothers became generals on opposite sides. The Confederacy flag was inspired in the Spanish Empire flag.