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Bloodborne Pathogens
 

Bloodborne Pathogens

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Bloodborne Pathogens Bloodborne Pathogens Presentation Transcript

  • Volunteer Safety What You Can’t See Will Kill You... Veronica Bonales, M.D.Redwood Memorial Hospital, Pre-Hospital Care M.D. CEPAmerica Emergency Medicine
  • Bloodborne Pathogens are... a. Dangerous germs that live everywhere b. Microorganisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans c. Harmless germs d. Bacteria that live everywhere in the body that can cause severe sickness
  • How can HIV, HBV, and HCV be spread? a. Casual contact, such as shaking hands or hugging b.Through saliva not contaminated with blood c. By getting infected blood on your normal intact skin d. By getting infected blood into a mucus membrane
  • What is the primary way HIV and HBV are spread? a. Sexual contact b. Providing First Aid care c. Cleaning up a blood spill d. Needlesticks
  • Standard Precautions means to... a. Be concerned with only blood as possibly infectious b. Wear gloves for people who look sick c. Treat all body fluids as potentially infectious d. Wear goggles and a gown to treat all people
  • Each work place must have an ______________ in writing which describesinfection control practices. a.!Emergency Plan for Bloodborne Pathogens b. Infection Action Plan c.!Internal Communication Document d.!Exposure Control Plan
  • Use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is based on... a. The possible presence of any type of body fluids b. Personal preference c. The types of body fluids that can be recognized d. Whether or not the person looks sick
  • ______________ is the most important means to control transmission ofbloodborne pathogens. a.! Reviewing the person’s medical history b.! Getting the Hepatitis B vaccine c.! Wearing gloves for patient treatment d. Practicing Standard Precautions
  • Which of the following are considered hazardous waste? a. OPIM (Other Potentially Infectious Materials) b. Gloves c. Needles d. Both A and C
  • HIV, HBV, and HCV are spread by casual contact such as shakinghands, hugging, toilets, swimming pools, etc... a. False b. True c. Only if the infected person has both HIV and HBC d. Only if your bare skin touches the infected person
  • What should you do if you have been potentially exposed to bloodbornepathogens? a. Get a medical evaluation first, then report to your supervisor b. Decontaminate, report incident to supervisor, and receive medical evaluation immediately c. Get a medical evaluation after you finish working your shift d. Notify your supervisor first then decontaminate
  • Bloodborne Pathogens
  • Bloodborne:Bodily fluids, amniotic fluid (Uterus) pericardial fluid (Heart)especially those peritoneal fluid (Abdomenvisibly Semencontaminated vaginal secretionswith blood Blood cerebrospinal fluid (Brain) any body fluid contaminated with blood synovial fluid (Joints) body fluids that cannot be pleural fluid (Lungs) recognized
  • Sexual contact is the primary mode of transmissionfor Bloodborne Pathogens, however the risk ofexposure does exist while providing medical or firstaid careWhen a contaminated sharp object cuts or puncturesthe skin. (Parenteral examples: needle stick, illegaldrug usage, cut from broken glass, bite)When an infected body fluid gets into an open cut ormucous membrane (inside eyes, mouth, ears or nose)When a contaminated object touches inflamed skin,acne, or skin abrasion
  • Hepatitis CHepatitis BHIVNot Bloodborne
  • Hepatitis CVirusAffects the liver Acute Chronic (80%)No vaccination orcure
  • Hepatitis CCauses cirrhosisCan cause cancerNeedle stick, IV druguse, unprotected sex,tattoos, mother toinfant, transfusionor transplant
  • Hepatitis BVirusAffects the liver100x easier to getthan HIV Can live 7 days outside of the bodyVaccine available
  • Hepatitis BUnprotected sex,mother to infant,sharing needles,needlestick injury3 shots/6 months10% chronic - maylead to cancer
  • HIVVirus - best studiedAttacks immunesystem --> AIDSEarly symptoms:fever, fatigue, wt.loss, rashDisease not active foryears
  • HIVUnprotected sex,mother to infantduring birth orbreast-feeding, IVdrug use<1% to health careworkersVaccine in theworks, no cure
  • Not BloodborneInfluenza, Measles, Chicken Pox, Shingles Viruses spread by respiratory dropletsPertussis, Tuberculosis Bacteria spread by coughing/sneezingScabies, Lice Prolonged contact with skin
  • Germophobia
  • Systems CheckAn adequate number A mode ofof pathogens, or transmission from thedisease-causing source to the host.organisms. An entrance throughA reservoir or source which the pathogenthat allows the may enter the host.pathogen to surviveand multiply (e.g., A susceptible host (i.e.,blood). one who is not immune)
  • STANDARD PRECAUTIONS**TREAT ALL BODY FLUIDS FROM ALLPERSONS AS POTENTIALLY INFECTIOUS**PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE) Gloves, shields, masks, goggles, gowns Know what they are, where they are, and how to use them
  • Protect YourselfOne Hand method of recapping needlesDiscard sharps in proper containersDon’t put anything in your mouth or onyour face if there’s a potential BBPexposure
  • Cleaning UpOther Potentially Infectious Material(afterbirth, pieces of tissue, clots, etc)Place in biohazard bags and disposeproperly1/4 cup bleach to gallon of water toclean, but FIRST put on PPE!!
  • How to Remove GlovesLet’s practice!
  • If exposed...!DecontaminateReport incidentSeek medical attention
  • Questions...?
  • Follow Standard PrecautionsUse PPE’s for every patient encounterDecontaminate, report, seek medical care
  • VeronicaBonales, M.D.www.slideshare.net/docmontey docmontey@yahoo.com Facebook