Routine Hand washing Technique


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it contains the step by step procedure in hand washing technique

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Routine Hand washing Technique

  1. 1. <ul><li>DR. LORENA C. BALACANAO </li></ul>Hand washing technique
  2. 2. Hand washing technique <ul><li>It is one of the most effective way to reduce spread of infection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. it also reduce the risk of transfer of nosocomial infection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It is done before and after each treatment procedure </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Important things to remember </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Hand washing is done under the stream of water for at least 10-15 seconds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Antimicrobial soaps or granule soap or bar soap are use in this procedure </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Hands are held down (below the elbows) when they are soiled with body substances and during routine hand washing procedure so that microorganisms are washed directly into the sink. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. FOR SURGICAL ASEPSIS- hands are held above the elbows so that the water runs from the cleanest to the least clean area. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Routine Hand washing technique <ul><li>A 1. Prepare the things needed in hand washing technique </li></ul>
  6. 7. Assess hands <ul><li>B 1. Checks hands for breaks in the skin, such as hangnails or cuts. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Position of feet <ul><li>C 1. Balance the position of your feet to provide stability </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>D 1. Remove watch and jewelries </li></ul><ul><li>note: microorganism can lodge in the setting of jewelry </li></ul><ul><li>Removal facilitates proper cleaning of the hands and arms </li></ul>
  9. 11. Turn on the water <ul><li>Four common types of faucet control </li></ul><ul><li>1. Hand operated handles </li></ul><ul><li>2. Knee levers </li></ul><ul><li>3. Foot pedals </li></ul><ul><li>4. Elbow control </li></ul>
  10. 12. Adjust water <ul><li>Adjust the flow so that the water is warm </li></ul><ul><li>Warm water removes less protective oil of the skin than hot water </li></ul>
  11. 13. Wet hands <ul><li>Wet hands thoroughly by holding them under the running water </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>Apply soap to the hands. </li></ul><ul><li>Liquid soap- apply 2 to 4 ml ( 1tsp). </li></ul><ul><li>Bar soap – rub it firmly between the hands </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>Make a lather by rubbing the palms of your hands </li></ul><ul><li>Use firm rubbing and circular movement to wash the palm </li></ul>
  14. 16. <ul><li>Change position- rub the dorsal part of your hand </li></ul>
  15. 17. <ul><li>Do the same thing to the other hand </li></ul>
  16. 18. <ul><li>Interlace the fingers and the thumb move the hands back and forth </li></ul>
  17. 19. <ul><li>Clean every digits of the hands </li></ul>
  18. 20. <ul><li>Cleaning of the digits starts from the proximal to the distal part </li></ul>
  19. 21. <ul><li>Do the same thing to other hand </li></ul>
  20. 22. <ul><li>Clean the finger tips of both hands </li></ul>
  21. 23. Rinsing <ul><li>Rinse the hands thoroughly </li></ul>
  22. 27. Thoroughly dry the hands and arms <ul><li>Use paper towel to dry hands thoroughly </li></ul><ul><li>Moist skin becomes chapped readily thus making it prone to lesions </li></ul><ul><li>Discard the paper in the appropriate container </li></ul>
  23. 28. Turn off the water <ul><li>Use paper towel to grasp a hand operated control </li></ul><ul><li>To prevent picking up microorganisms from the faucet handle </li></ul>
  24. 29. <ul><li>THE END </li></ul>