There are certain diseases that is hereditary in nature, therefore individual with this circumstances doesn’t have any control of the situation. It is said therefore that inheritance plays a part in determining lifespan and health level of an individual
People living in urban areas are prone to hazards of health. E.g. communicable and non-communicable diseases are rampant in urban areas compare to those who are living in rural areas. Likewise those who live in solitude life is prone to depression.
Dr. C.E. Winslow- science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life, promoting health and efficiency through organized community effort for the sanitation of the environment, control of communicable diseases, the education of the individuals personal hygiene,
the organization of medical and nursing services for the early diagnosis and preventive treatment of the disease and the development of the social machinery to ensure everyone a standard of living adequate for the maintenance of health, so organizing these benefits as to enable every citizen to realize his birthright of health and longevity.
As defined by the WHO as an essential health care made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community by means acceptable to them through their full participation and at a cost that the community and country can afford to maintain at every stage of their development in the spirit of self-determination
Letter of Instruction (LOI) 949 signed on October 19,1979 by then President Ferdinand E. Marcos – One year after the First International Conference on Primary Health Care which was held in Alma Ata, USSR on September 6-12 1978, sponsored by the WHO and UNICEF
Health services must be shared equally by all people irrespective of their ability to pay and all (rich or poor, urban or rural) must have access to health services. Primary health care aims to address the current imbalance in health care by shifting the centre of gravity from cities where a majority of the health budget is spent to rural areas where a majority of people live in most countries.
There must be a continuing effort to secure meaningful involvement of the community in the planning, implementation and maintenance of health services, beside maximum reliance on local resources such as manpower, money and materials.
Primary health care involves in addition to the health sector, all related sectors and aspects of national and community development, in particular agriculture, animal husbandry, food, industry, education, housing, public works, communication and other sectors.
is technology that is scientifically sound, adaptable to local needs, acceptable to those who apply it and for those for whom it is used and can be maintained by the people themselves in keeping with the principle of self reliance with the resources the community and country can afford.
According to DOH- PHC is characterized by partnership and empowerment of the people that shall permeate as the core strategy in the effective provision of essential health services that is community based, accessible, acceptable and sustainable at a cost which the community and the government can afford
Health care , or healthcare , is the prevention, treatment, and management of illness and the preservation of mental health through the services offered by the medical , nursing , and allied health professions .
The organised provision of such services may constitute a health care system . This can include specific governmental organizations such as, in the UK, the National Health Service or a cooperation across the National disease .
Health Service and Social Services as in Shared Care . Before the term "health care" became popular, English-speakers referred to medicine or to the health sector and spoke of the treatment and prevention of illness and