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Windows xp unit a

Windows xp unit a






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    Windows xp unit a Windows xp unit a Presentation Transcript

    • Microsoft Office 2003 Illustrated Introductory Started with Windows XP Getting
      • Start Windows and view the desktop
      • Use the mouse
      • Start a program
      • Move and resize windows
      • Use menus, keyboard shortcuts, and toolbars
      • Use dialog boxes
      • Use scroll bars
      • Use Windows Help and Support Center
      • Close a program and shut down Windows
    • Unit Introduction
      • Microsoft Windows is an operating system program that controls:
        • The operation of computer
        • The display of information on your screen
        • Programs you run on your computer
          • Programs , also known as applications , are task-oriented software that help you to accomplish tasks such as word processing or using a spreadsheet
      • Windows also coordinates the flow of information among the programs, printers, storage devices, and other components
    • Unit Introduction (cont.)
      • Windows helps you save and organize the results of your work as files
        • Files are electronic collections of data, each with its own unique filename
      • Icons in Windows are small pictures that are meaningful symbols of the items or tasks they represent
      • You will also use rectangular-shaped work areas, known as windows
    • Starting Windows and Viewing the Desktop
      • The desktop is an on-screen version of an actual desk, containing windows, icons, files and programs
        • From the desktop, you can access, store, and share information on a computer, a network, or on the Internet
      • When you start Windows for the first time, the default settings are used, which are preset by the operating system
    • Starting Windows and Viewing the Desktop (cont.)
      • Turn on your computer and monitor
      • Windows automatically starts and displays the desktop, or a logon screen where you must enter a password, then press [Enter]
      Mouse pointer Start button Desktop background Taskbar Icon
    • Starting Windows and Viewing the Desktop (cont.)
      • Elements of a typical Windows desktop:
    • Accessing the Internet from the Desktop
      • Windows XP provides a seamless connection between the desktop and the Internet with Internet Explorer (IE)
        • IE is an example of a browser , a program designed to access the World Wide Web (aka the Web, or WWW)
        • You can access IE from the Start menu, or by clicking its icon on the desktop
        • You can use it to access Web pages and to place Web content on the desktop
    • Using the Mouse
      • A mouse is a handheld input device that you roll across a flat surface to position the mouse pointer
      • Input, or pointing, devices come in many shapes and sizes
      Trackpoint Touchpad Mouse with left and right buttons Intellimouse Trackball
    • Using the Mouse (cont.)
      • A typical mouse has two buttons, although yours may differ:
        • Left button : used to select text or click icons
        • Right button : used to open a shortcut menu
      Left mouse button Right mouse button Shortcut menu
    • Using the Mouse (cont.)
      • A mouse pointer is a small symbol that indicates the pointer’s relative position on the desktop
      • To move the mouse pointer, locate it on the desktop, then move the mouse to reposition the mouse pointer where you want it
      • Basic mouse pointer shapes include:
    • Using the Mouse (cont.)
      • Basic mouse techniques include:
    • Starting a Program
      • Clicking the Start button on the taskbar opens the Start menu, which lists submenus for a variety of tasks:
    • Starting a Program (cont.)
      • Windows XP comes with several built-in programs called accessories , such as WordPad
      • To Start WordPad:
        • Click the Start button on the taskbar
        • Point to All Programs
        • Point to Accessories
        • Click WordPad
      Click to open WordPad Submenu Point to arrow to open submenu
    • Customizing the Start Menu
      • You can change the way the Start menu looks and behaves, including making it have the look and feel of previous Windows versions (called Windows Classic)
      • To customize the Start menu:
        • Click the Start button on the taskbar, then click Control Panel
        • In the Control Panel, click Switch to Classic View if necessary, then double-click the Taskbar and Start Menu icon
    • Moving and Resizing Windows
      • You can open more than one window or program at a time
      • You can identify a window by the title bar, which shows the program and filename if applicable
      • Each window has a border that you can use to resize it and buttons to maximize or minimize it
      • The desktop can get cluttered, so you need to organize it by resizing or moving windows
    • Moving and Resizing Windows (cont.)
      • To resize a window using buttons, click the appropriate button in the upper-right corner of the window. To make it:
          • An icon on the taskbar, click the Minimize button
          • Fill the screen, click the Maximize button
          • Closed, click the Close button
    • Moving and Resizing Windows (cont.)
      • To move a window, position the mouse pointer over the title bar, click the left mouse button, then drag the window to the new location
      • To resize a window using the mouse:
        • Position the pointer over an edge or a corner of the window until the pointer becomes a double-sided arrow
        • Click the left mouse button, then drag in the direction you want to resize the window
    • More About Sizing Windows
      • Some programs contain two sets of sizing buttons:
      • To see more than one window at a time, open the desired windows, right-click a blank area on the taskbar, then click a tiling option
      The top set controls the program The bottom set controls the file with which you are working
    • Using Menus, Keyboard Shortcuts, and Toolbars
      • A menu is a list of commands that you use to accomplish certain tasks
        • A checkmark or bullet mark indicates that a feature is enabled
          • To disable a checked feature, click the command again
          • To disable a bulleted feature, select another command
        • Typical menu items include:
    • Using Menus, Keyboard Shortcuts, and Toolbars (cont.)
      • A keyboard shortcut lets you press a button or combination of buttons to perform a task or navigate through a menu or dialog box
        • For example, press [Ctrl][C] to copy selected text in a document
      • On a menu, keyboard navigation indicators , underlined letters in a command name, can be used instead of the mouse to select items
        • For example, press [Alt][V] to open the View menu, then press [T] to open the Toolbars submenu
    • Using Menus, Keyboard Shortcuts, and Toolbars (cont.)
      • A toolbar contains buttons that are convenient shortcuts for menu commands
        • When you position the pointer over a button, a screen tip appears displaying the button name
        • To select a button, click it with the left mouse button
    • Using Dialog Boxes
      • A dialog box is a window that opens when you must supply more information before a command can be carried out
      • Dialog boxes:
        • Open when you choose a menu option that is followed by an ellipsis (…) or when you open an option from the Control Panel
        • May contain tabs at the top that separate commands into related categories
        • Can be closed by clicking OK to accept all of your changes, or by clicking Cancel to not make any changes
    • Using Dialog Boxes (cont.)
      • A sample dialog box:
      Tab Check box Option button Text box Up and Down arrows Command buttons
    • Using Dialog Boxes (cont.)
      • Typical items in a dialog box:
    • Using Scroll Bars
      • Scroll bars are vertical and horizontal bars that appear when you cannot see all of the items available in a window
      Up scroll arrow Horizontal scroll box Down scroll arrow Vertical scroll box
    • Using Scroll Bars (cont.)
      • You can use scroll bars to:
    • Using Windows Help and Support Center
      • The Help and Support center is a complete resource of information, training, and support to help you use Windows XP
      • Help and Support is like a book stored on your computer, with additional links to the Internet, a search features, an index, and a table of contents
      • You can access context-sensitive help , which is help specifically related to the task you are doing
    • Using Windows Help and Support Center (cont.)
      • To use Help and Support:
        • Click the Start button on the taskbar, then click Help and Support
        • The Help and Support Center window opens
        • In the Search text box, type the search criteria, then press [Enter]
      Search text box Links for popular topics
    • Using Windows Help and Support Center (cont.)
      • To use Help and Support (cont.)
        • A search pane opens, displaying results from the search in three areas: Suggested Topics; Full-text Search Matches; Microsoft Knowledge Base (only when connected to the Internet)
        • Click a topic, then click the Expand indicator next to the appropriate topic in the right pane
      Search results Right pane displays help on the topic you select
    • Using Windows Help and Support Center (cont.)
      • Click the buttons on the Help toolbar to:
        • Navigate back and forth between Help topics you have visited
        • Add a topic to the Favorites list so you can return to it later
    • Other Forms of Help
      • To get help on a specific Windows program
        • Click Help on the menu bar
        • OR
        • Click the Help button in the upper-right corner of a dialog box, then click the mouse pointer on the item for which you need additional help
        • OR
        • Right-click an item in a dialog box, then click What’s This? to display an explanation
    • Closing a Program and Shutting Down Windows
      • Closing a program properly ensures that the file is saved
      • Shutting down the computer properly prevents loss of data and problems restarting Windows
      • Shutting down involves several steps:
          • Closing all open windows and programs
          • Shutting down Windows
          • Turning off the computer
    • Closing a Program and Shutting Down Windows (cont.)
      • To close a program:
        • Click the Close button in the upper-right corner of the window
        • OR
        • Click File on the menu bar, then click Close or Exit
    • Closing a Program and Shutting Down Windows (cont.)
      • To shut down the computer:
        • Click the Start button on the taskbar, then click Turn Off Computer
        • In the Turn Off Computer dialog box, click Turn Off to exit Windows and shut down your computer
        • If you see the message “It’s now safe to turn off your computer,” turn off the computer and the monitor
    • Closing a Program and Shutting Down Windows (cont.)
      • Turn off options:
    • The Log Off Command
      • Logging off is used when you want to change users quickly
        • You can choose to switch users, which logs off the current user and allows another user to log on or simply log off
        • Windows shuts down partially
        • When a new user logs on by clicking a user name and entering a password, Windows restarts and the desktop reappears