Umkhonto we sizwe (mk)

711 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
711
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Umkhonto we sizwe (mk)

  1. 1. “Spear of the nation”
  2. 2.  Abbreviated as MK  Translated as “Spear of the nation”  Founded in 1961  Created when Nelson Mandela lost hope that passive and non-violent resistance to the apartheid government would bear fruit Introduction “Battle flag of MK”
  3. 3.  Motives
  4. 4. “When a man is denied the right to live the life he believes in, he has no choice but to become an outlaw.” -Nelson Mandela, 1964 Quote from the 3-hour speech named “I am prepared to die” given by Nelson Mandela
  5. 5.   Violence in South Africa was inevitable  Unrealistic & wrong for African leaders to continue preaching peace and non-violence  Formed on when all else failed Why did MK fight?
  6. 6.   Fighting for democracy--majority rule--the right of the Africans to rule Africa.  Fighting for a South Africa in which there will be peace and harmony and equal rights for all people.  Not racialists, as the white oppressors are. The African National Congress has a message of freedom for all who live in South Africa. What MK fought for?
  7. 7. Last part of Nelson Mandela’s “I am prepared to die” speech: “ HELP THE FREEDOM FIGHTERS! MAKE THEIR PATH EASY! Make the enemy's path hard! WE ARE ANSWERING THE WHITE OPPRESSORS IN THE LANGUAGE THEY HAVE CHOSEN! THIS IS A WAR TO DESTROY APARTHEID, TO WIN BACK OUR COUNTRY FOR ALL OUR PEOPLE! WE SHALL WIN! FORWARD TO VICTORY OR DEATH! AFRIKA! MAYIBUYE! AMANDLA NGAWETHU! MATLA KE ARONA! POWER TO THE PEOPLE! ”
  8. 8.  Methods used Military Campaign  Joined hands with other countries to get backing  Countries included Angola, Zimbabwe, Mozamb ique  Tried to rebuild an army for themselves after Soweto Uprising (1976), but failed
  9. 9. Campaigns of sabotage on:  Government posts  Electricity stations  Crops Electric station after being sabotaged by the MK
  10. 10.  This method included: Bombings  The Church Street Bomb (1983)  Amanzitotim Bomb (1985)  The Durban beach front bombing (1986)  And many others on soft targets (fast food outlets, supermarkets,…) Propaganda of Deed
  11. 11. Landmine campaigns  Done from 1985-1987  Method was abandoned because it injured many black people Torture and Executions
  12. 12.   South African police statistics: From 1976 to 1986, approximately 130 people were killed by what the source calls 'terrorists'.  100 civilians: 40 white & 60 black. Number of deaths
  13. 13.  Key achievements

×