Abbreviated as MK
Translated as “Spear of the nation”
Founded in 1961
Created when Nelson Mandela lost hope that passive and
non-violent resistance to the apartheid government would
“Battle flag of MK”
“When a man is denied
the right to live the life
he believes in, he has no
choice but to become an
Quote from the 3-hour
speech named “I am
prepared to die” given by
Violence in South Africa was inevitable
Unrealistic & wrong for African leaders to continue
preaching peace and non-violence
Formed on when all else failed
Why did MK fight?
Fighting for democracy--majority rule--the right of the
Africans to rule Africa.
Fighting for a South Africa in which there will be peace and
harmony and equal rights for all people.
Not racialists, as the white oppressors are. The African
National Congress has a message of freedom for all who
live in South Africa.
What MK fought for?
Last part of Nelson Mandela’s “I am prepared to die” speech:
“ HELP THE FREEDOM FIGHTERS!
MAKE THEIR PATH EASY! Make the enemy's path hard!
WE ARE ANSWERING THE WHITE OPPRESSORS IN THE LANGUAGE
THEY HAVE CHOSEN!
THIS IS A WAR TO DESTROY APARTHEID, TO WIN BACK OUR
COUNTRY FOR ALL OUR PEOPLE!
WE SHALL WIN! FORWARD TO VICTORY OR DEATH!
AFRIKA! MAYIBUYE! AMANDLA NGAWETHU!
MATLA KE ARONA! POWER TO THE PEOPLE! ”
Joined hands with other
countries to get backing
Angola, Zimbabwe, Mozamb
Tried to rebuild an army for
themselves after Soweto
Uprising (1976), but failed
Campaigns of sabotage
Electric station after being
sabotaged by the MK
This method included:
The Church Street Bomb (1983)
Amanzitotim Bomb (1985)
The Durban beach front bombing (1986)
And many others on soft targets (fast food outlets,
Propaganda of Deed
Done from 1985-1987
Method was abandoned
because it injured many
Torture and Executions
South African police statistics: From 1976 to 1986,
approximately 130 people were killed by what the
source calls 'terrorists'.
100 civilians: 40 white & 60 black.
Number of deaths