Substance Abuse Addiction in High School Adolescents
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Substance Abuse Addiction in High School Adolescents Presentation Transcript

  • 1. High School Adolescents & Substance Abuse Addiction Dana Marku Advanced General Psychology
  • 2. Increasing Rate for Substance Abuse Due to …
    • Environmental Factors
    • Brain Physiology
    • &
    • Genetic Risks
  • 3. Environmental Factors
    • Family
    • Peers
    • &
    • School environment
        • Family
      • High levels of family conflict or stress
      • Poor parenting practices
        • Low levels of parental supervision
        • Inconsistent & harsh discipline tactics
        • Poor display of problem-solving skills
        • Low levels of emotional support
        • (Burrow-Sanchez, J., Clark, E., & Jenson, W., 2009)
  • 4. Environmental Factors
    • Family methods to reduce the risk of substance abuse
      • Adequate emotional sharing
      • High flexibility in rules
      • Good levels of satisfaction of all family members
      • (Baiocco, R., & Tafa, M., 2009)
  • 5. Environmental Factors
    • Peers
      • Adolescents who associate with drug-using peers are more likely to use drugs themselves
      • (Burrow-Sanchez, J., Clark, E., & Jenson, W., 2009)
  • 6. Environmental Factors
    • School
      • Lack of programs in education of substance abuse
      • Low expectations for students futures
      • (Burrow-Sanchez, J., Clark, F., & Jenson, W., 2009)
  • 7. Brain Physiology
    • Deals with different parts of the brain and their contributions
      • What takes place in the human body (during the time of decision making in correlation to substance abuse)
      • Future consequences in the body
  • 8. Brain Physiology
    • Stress in an adolescent’s daily routine
      • Family
      • Social groups
      • Extra-curricular activities
      • Part-time or full-time jobs
      • Excessive amount of school work, etc.
      • Stress leads to…
        • Rapidly acting sympathetic nervous system
        • Slower hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis
        • Increase heart rate
        • Enhance blood flow to skeletal muscles
        • Dilation of pupils
        • “ Fight-or-flight” response (hormones) ….addiction
        • (Dickinson, A., Schwabe, L., & Wolf, O., 2011)
  • 9. Genetic Risks
    • Mental health disorders in combination with environmental settings
    • Families with long history of addiction
      • Treatment is not an option for an adolescent unless all family members are clean and sober at all times
      • (Hogue, A., & Liddle, H., 2009)
  • 10.
    • Family-based treatment produces longer lasting treatment gains
      • Support of family members
      • Positive family environment for adolescent
      • Decreases the need for substances to cope with emotions
    • (Dakof, G., Greenbaum, R., Henderson, C., & Liddle, H., 2008)
    • Individual intervention
      • Student Assistance Program (SAP): School professionals refer students with substance abuse problems & work together on a goal to help student
    • DrugFree.com & TeenScreen National Nation
      • Mission is to help educate adults & parents about substance abuse addiction and proper methods in approaching, preventing, and fixing the issue
      • (Anonymous, 2011)
    Prevention
  • 11.
        • Anonymous. (2011). ProQuest. Marketing and licensing agreements; The partnership at Drugfree.org and TeenScreen National Center announce collaboration , 1656.
        • Baiocco, R., & Tafa, M. (2009). The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. Addictive behavior and family functioning during adolescence, 37, 388-395.
        • Burrow-Sanchez, J., Clark, E., & Jenson, W. (2009). Department of Educational Psychology, University of Utah. School-based interventions for students with substance abuse, 46, 238-245.
  • 12.
        • Dakof, G., Greenbaum, P., Henderson, C., & Liddle, H. (2008). Society for the Study of Addiction. Treating adolescent drug abuse: a randomized trial comparing multidimensional family therapy and cognitive behavior therapy, 103, 1660-1670.
        • Dickinson, A., Schwabe, L., & Wolf, O. (2011). ProQuest. Stress, habits, and drug addiction: A psychoneuroendocrinological perspective, 19, 53-63.
        • Hogue, A., & Liddle, H. (2009). Journal of Family Therapy. Family-based treatment for adolescent substance abuse: controlled trials and new horizons in services research, 31, 126-154.