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Comma 7 easysteps
 

Comma 7 easysteps

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    Comma 7 easysteps Comma 7 easysteps Presentation Transcript

    • comma conundrumsFriday, May 13, 2011
    • comma conundrums 7 easy stepFriday, May 13, 2011
    • the commaFriday, May 13, 2011
    • the comma 2 main functions for the reader:Friday, May 13, 2011
    • the comma 2 main functions for the reader: words that go togetherFriday, May 13, 2011
    • the comma 2 main functions for the reader: words that go together which part most importantFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 1Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 1 Introductory bitsFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 1 Introductory bits setting off main subject main verbFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 1Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 1 3 types of introductory bitsFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 1 3 types of introductory bits smallFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 1 3 types of introductory bits small mediumFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 1 3 types of introductory bits small medium largeFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 1 3 types of introductory bits small medium large never stand alone as complete thoughtFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 1 3 types of introductory bits small medium large never stand alone as complete thought introduce main subject and verbFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 1Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 1 e.g. smallFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 1 e.g. small Generally, research has been inconclusive.Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 1 e.g. small Generally, research has been inconclusive. Moreover, they have been conducted without much thought.Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 1Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 1 e.g. mediumFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 1 e.g. medium In fact, our research was inconclusiveFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 1 e.g. medium In fact, our research was inconclusive Throughout his early life, he investigated the relation between trees and rootsFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 1 e.g. medium In fact, our research was inconclusive Throughout his early life, he investigated the relation between trees and roots Frankly speaking, I completely disagree with his statementFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 1Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 1 e.g. largeFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 1 e.g. large If you discover that you feel nauseated, then you know you’ve tried my Clam Surprise.Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 1 e.g. large If you discover that you feel nauseated, then you know you’ve tried my Clam Surprise. As far as I am concerned, all research that has come before this has been a waste of timeFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 FANBOYSFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 FANBOYS ForFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 FANBOYS For AndFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 FANBOYS For And NorFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 FANBOYS For And Nor ButFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 FANBOYS For And Nor But OrFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 FANBOYS For And Nor But Or YetFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 FANBOYS For And Nor But Or Yet SoFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 FANBOYSFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 FANBOYS For And Nor But Or Yet SoFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 2Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 Function = connectorsFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 Function = connectors They connectFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 Function = connectors They connect wordsFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 Function = connectors They connect words phrasesFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 Function = connectors They connect words phrases and clausesFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 Function = connectors They connect words phrases and clauses like this:Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 2Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 Words: I am almost dressed and ready.Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 Words: I am almost dressed and ready. Phrases: My socks are in the living room or under my bed.Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 Words: I am almost dressed and ready. Phrases: My socks are in the living room or under my bed. Clauses: They smell really bad, so they will be easy to find.Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 Words: I am almost dressed and ready. Phrases: My socks are in the living room or under my bed. Clauses: They smell really bad, so they will be easy to find.Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 2Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 Look carefully!Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 Look carefully! Johnson (1982) carried out numerous experiments, but he didn’t do anything else.Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 2Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 Johnson (1982) carried out numerous experimentsFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 Johnson (1982) carried out numerous experiments ,Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 Johnson (1982) carried out numerous experiments , but FANBOYSFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 Johnson (1982) carried out numerous experiments , but FANBOYS he didn’t do anything elseFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 in comparisonFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 2Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 Johnson (1982) carried out numerous experimentsFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 Johnson (1982) carried out numerous experiments but FANBOYSFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 Johnson (1982) carried out numerous experiments but FANBOYS didn’t do anything elseFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 2 Test if the second grouping of words isn’t a complete thought, don’t use a comma Try reading the words after FANBOYS all by themselves. Do they make a complete thought?Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 3 The dreaded comma spliceFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 3 The dreaded comma splice No FANBOYS but COMMA causesFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 3 The dreaded comma splice No FANBOYS but COMMA causes a comma splice or run-on sentenceFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 3 The dreaded comma splice No FANBOYS but COMMA causes a comma splice or run-on sentenceFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 3Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 3 e.g.Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 3 e.g. Johnson (1982) conducted research, it was well organizedFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 3 e.g. Johnson (1982) conducted research, it was well organized BADFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 3 e.g. Johnson (1982) conducted research, it was well organized BAD Extremely badFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 3 e.g. Johnson (1982) conducted research, it was well organized BAD Extremely bad One of those things Editors love to seek out!Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 3 e.g. Johnson (1982) conducted research, it was well organized BAD Extremely bad One of those things Editors love to seek out! Don’t do it!!!!!Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 3Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 3 1-2-3-4 Fix it!Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 3 1-2-3-4 Fix it! Add FANBOYSFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 3 1-2-3-4 Fix it! Add FANBOYS Change comma for semicolonFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 3 1-2-3-4 Fix it! Add FANBOYS Change comma for semicolon Add subordinate (because, while, although, if, when, since)Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 3 1-2-3-4 Fix it! Add FANBOYS Change comma for semicolon Add subordinate (because, while, although, if, when, since) Make each clause a separate sentenceFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 3 1-2-3-4 Fix it! Add FANBOYS Johnson (1982) conducted research, and it was well organized Change comma for semicolon Add subordinate (because, while, although, if, when, since) Make each clause a separate sentenceFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 3 1-2-3-4 Fix it! Add FANBOYS Johnson (1982) conducted research, and it was well organized Change comma for semicolon Johnson (1982) conducted research; it was well organized Add subordinate (because, while, although, if, when, since) Make each clause a separate sentenceFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 3 1-2-3-4 Fix it! Add FANBOYS Johnson (1982) conducted research, and it was well organized Change comma for semicolon Johnson (1982) conducted research; it was well organized Add subordinate (because, while, although, if, when, since) Johnson (1982) conducted research because it was well organized Make each clause a separate sentenceFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 3 1-2-3-4 Fix it! Add FANBOYS Johnson (1982) conducted research, and it was well organized Change comma for semicolon Johnson (1982) conducted research; it was well organized Add subordinate (because, while, although, if, when, since) Johnson (1982) conducted research because it was well organized Make each clause a separate sentence Johnson (1982) conducted research. It was well organizedFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 4 FANBOYS fakersFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 4 FANBOYS fakers However, therefore, moreover, and other words like them are not FANBOYSFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 4 FANBOYS fakers However, therefore, moreover, and other words like them are not FANBOYS (conjunctive adverbs)Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 4 FANBOYS fakers However, therefore, moreover, and other words like them are not FANBOYS (conjunctive adverbs) They ACT as FANBOYS (between 2 thoughts)Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 4 FANBOYS fakers However, therefore, moreover, and other words like them are not FANBOYS (conjunctive adverbs) They ACT as FANBOYS (between 2 thoughts) Punctuation is differentFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 4 Why?Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 4Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 4 Doesn’t matter!Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 4 Doesn’t matter! (Adverbs don’t join independent clauses into one sentence)Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 4 Doesn’t matter! (Adverbs don’t join independent clauses into one sentence)Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 4 Doesn’t matter! (Adverbs don’t join independent clauses into one sentence) recognizeFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 4 Doesn’t matter! (Adverbs don’t join independent clauses into one sentence) recognize and make the right choiceFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 4Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 4 2 good choicesFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 4 2 good choices Check 2 complete thoughts on both sidesFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 4 2 good choices Check 2 complete thoughts on both sides if yesFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 4 2 good choices Check 2 complete thoughts on both sides if yes Make 2 sentencesFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 4 2 good choices Check 2 complete thoughts on both sides if yes Semicolon after 1st Make 2 sentences thoughtFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 4 See the difference: BADFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 4 See the difference: BAD Evidence was found, however it was not useful in our experiments A, B, and C.Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 4 See the difference: BAD Evidence was found, however it was not useful in our experiments A, B, and C. Evidence was found, however, it was not useful in our experiments A, B, and C.Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 4 See the difference: GOODFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 4 See the difference: GOOD Evidence was found; however, it was not useful in our experiments A, B, and C.Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 4 See the difference: GOOD Evidence was found; however, it was not useful in our experiments A, B, and C. Evidence was found. However, it was not useful in our experiments A, B, and C.Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 5 X,Y, and ZFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 5 X,Y, and Z Comma between items in a listFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 5 X,Y, and Z Comma between items in a list short list of thingsFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 5 X,Y, and Z Comma between items in a list short list of things last comma before and or orFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 5 X,Y, and Z Comma between items in a list short list of things last comma before and or or is never wrong!Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 5 X,Y, and Z Comma between items in a list short list of things last comma before and or or is never wrong! When the list is long and complicatedFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 5 X,Y, and Z Comma between items in a list short list of things last comma before and or or is never wrong! When the list is long and complicated always a commaFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 5Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 5 EITHER:Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 5 EITHER: You can buy life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness in Los Angeles.Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 5 EITHER: You can buy life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness in Los Angeles. OR:Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 5 EITHER: You can buy life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness in Los Angeles. OR: You can buy life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness in Los Angeles.Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 5 EITHER: You can buy life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness in Los Angeles. OR: You can buy life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness in Los Angeles. BUT ALWAYS:Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 5 EITHER: You can buy life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness in Los Angeles. OR: You can buy life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness in Los Angeles. BUT ALWAYS: A good student listens to his teachers without yawning, reads once in a while, and writes papers before they are due.Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 6 DescribersFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 6 Describers If you have two or more adjectivesFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 6 Describers If you have two or more adjectives (words that describe)Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 6 Describers If you have two or more adjectives (words that describe) and not joined by andFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 6Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 6 e.g. Johnson was a careless, intelligent, nutty professor.Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 7 InterruptersFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 7 Interrupters Two commas can be used to set off additional information that appears within the sentence but is separate from the primary subject and verb of the sentence.Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 7Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 7 Separate the main pointFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 7 Separate the main point text between commas not necessary to understand rest of the sentenceFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 7 Separate the main point text between commas not necessary to understand rest of the sentence thus....Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 7 Separate the main point text between commas not necessary to understand rest of the sentence thus.... you could do withoutFriday, May 13, 2011
    • 7Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 7 e.g. Bob Mills, a sophomore from Raleigh, was the only North Carolina native at the Japanese food festival in Cary. or. There was, however, still a lot to be done in the way of setting up the experiment.Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 7Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 7 compare:Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 7 compare: Evidence was found, however, it was not useful.Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 7 compare: Evidence was found, however, it was not useful. There was, however, still a lot to be done in the way of setting up the experiment.Friday, May 13, 2011
    • 7 compare: Evidence was found, however, it was not useful. There was, however, still a lot to be done in the way of setting up the experiment.Friday, May 13, 2011