Declaration of Independence

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background and events leading to Declaration of Independence

background and events leading to Declaration of Independence

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  • 1. Analyzing the Declaration of Independence JOC
  • 2. The Road to Independence – DEEP background
    • 1215 – Magna Carta
    • 1642-48 - the English Civil War
    • 1688 - The Glorious Revolution
    • 1689 - The English Bill of Right
    • Colonial home Rule
  • 3. The Road to Independence
    • 1763 – French & Indian War ends
    • April 1764 – Sugar Act
    • March 1765 – Stamp Act
    • June 1767 – Townshend Act
  • 4. The Road to Independence
    • March 1770 – Boston Massacre
    • Dec. 1773 – Boston Tea Party
    • March - June 1774 – Intolerable Acts
    • Sept. - Oct. 1774 - 1 st Continental Congress
  • 5. The Road to Independence 1775
    • April 18 – Revere, Dawes, & Wentworth
    • Cheswell ride and spread the alarm
    • April 19 – Battles of Lexington & Concord
    • May 10 – Ethan Allen & GMB take
    • Ft. Ticonderoga
    • May - 2 nd Continental Congress meets
    • June 15 – Washington named Commander
    • in Chief
    • June 16 – Battle of Bunker (Breed's) Hill
  • 6. Paul Revere's Ride - Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
    • Listen my children and you shall hear Of the midnight ride of Paul Revere, On the eighteenth of April, in Seventy-five; Hardly a man is now alive Who remembers that famous day and year. He said to his friend, "If the British march By land or sea from the town to-night, Hang a lantern aloft in the belfry arch Of the North Church tower as a signal light,-- One if by land, and two if by sea; And I on the opposite shore will be, Ready to ride and spread the alarm Through every Middlesex village and farm, For the country folk to be up and to arm."
  • 7.
    • April 19, 1775 – Battles of Lexington & Co ncord
  • 8. Concord Bridge
  • 9.  
  • 10.
  • 11. The Road to Independence 1776
    • Jan. - Thomas Paine's Common Sense published
    • March – British evacuate from Boston
    • June 7 – Richard Henry Lee proposes
    • independence
    • June 11 – Committee of Five appointed
    • July 4 – Declaration of Independence ratified
    • August 2 – Declaration of Independence signed
  • 12. Thomas Paine's Common Sense published Jan. 1776
  • 13. The cause of America is in a great measure the cause of all mankind. Thomas Paine, Common Sense, 1776
    • But where says some is the King of America? I'll tell you Friend, he reigns above, and doth not make havoc of mankind like the Royal Brute of Britain...let it be brought forth placed on the divine law, the word of God; let a crown be placed thereon, by which the world may know,..., that in America the LAW IS KING.
    • Thomas Paine, Common Sense, 1776
  • 14.  
  • 15. March 1776 – British evacuate from Boston
  • 16. June 7, 1776 – Richard Henry Lee proposes independence
  • 17. June 7, 1776 – Richard Henry Lee proposes independence these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States, that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved.
  • 18. June 11, 1776 – Committee of Five
  • 19. Committee of Five members (from left to right) Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Robert R. Livingston, John Adams, and Roger Sherman.
  • 20.  
  • 21.
  • 22. July 4, 1776 Declaration of Independence ratified
  • 23. What ‘s happening?
  • 24. What sectors of colonial society were represented on the committee to draft the Declaration of Independence?
  • 25. What groups were excluded?
  • 26. What kind of issues do you think these men are talking about?
  • 27. It's July! The windows are closed. What do you think the atmosphere is like in the room?
  • 28. What concerns do you think these people might have as they drafted the document?
  • 29. How do you think the King and Parliament felt about this meeting?
  • 30. What important event is going on in the colonies other than this meeting in 1776?
  • 31. Wrap-Up: A few questions.
    • In general why was the Declaration written?
    • What basic rights does the document claim individuals have?
    • According to the document, why do the colonists have the right to declare independence?
    • According to the colonists, how has the King responded to their grievances?
    • How do you think the King and parliament felt when they read this? What do you think their response was?
    • What risks did the colonists take by writing this?
  • 32. Wrap-Up: A few questions.
    • From whose point of view was the Declaration of Independence written?
    • What colonial actions were omitted, or not mentioned, in the document? Why do you think they are omitted?
    • What was the purpose of the Declaration of Independence? Why is this document still significant today?
  • 33. What do you see in this image? What is the caption?
  • 34. What symbols do you see? What does the horse represent? Who is on the horse?
  • 35. Who is the man in the background? What is each man holding? What is the horse doing?
  • 36. Why might the horse want to throw off the rider? What is the artist's message?
  • 37. Was the artist a Loyalist or Patriot? Why do you think that? How does it relate to the Declaration?