Colour Theory

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Painting and Decorating colour theory

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Colour Theory

  1. 1. COLOUR PRACTICE: PAINTING AND DECORATING
  2. 2. Outcome 1: Describe basic colour theories PRACTICAL APPLICATION What are the primary colours of paint? Primary colours are the three colours that cannot be produced by mixing other colours together. They are: RED YELLOW BLUE
  3. 3. What are the secondary colours of paint? A secondary colour is produced by mixing equal amounts of two primary colours together. There are three secondary paint colours; ORANGE – PURPLE - GREEN RED + YELLOW = ORANGE RED + BLUE = PURPLE BLUE + YELLOW = GREEN
  4. 4. BLUE YELLOW RED
  5. 5. It is possible to get a wide range of intermediate colours by mixing two primaries in different proportions. ORANGE PURPLE GREEN But there is only one of these which is the true secondary.
  6. 6. What is the chromatic or colour circle? The colour circle is a circle with twelve different coloured segments containing the three primary colours, the three secondary colours and six intermediate colours. YELLOW YELLOW-GREEN GREEN BLUE-GREEN BLUE BLUE-PURPLE PURPLE RED-PURPLE RED RED-ORANGE ORANGE YELLOW-ORANGE
  7. 7. THE CHROMATIC or COLOUR CIRCLE YO Y YG G O RO BG W B R RP P BP
  8. 8. Neutrals and greys Neutral or greys are devoid of colour and are made from a mixture of white White Light Grey Mid and black Grey Dark Grey Black
  9. 9. Tints Tints are produced by adding a colour to white. YELLOW WHITE RED WHITE BLUE WHITE
  10. 10. Shades Shades are produced by adding Black to a colour YELLOW BLACK RED BLACK BLUE BLACK
  11. 11. Tones Tones are produced by adding Grey to a colour, dark grey will produce a dark tone and light grey will produce a light tone. YELLOW RED GREY GREY
  12. 12. Outcome 2: Select, mix, match and apply colour. You will have by now mixed colours in the workshop during your exercises on the panels and cubicle walls.
  13. 13. Outcome 3: Apply colour theories ands produce monochromatic and complimentary schemes using primary colours. What is a monochromatic colour scheme? Monochromatic means “one colour” So a monochromatic colour scheme is made by using one colour along with tints shades and tones of that colour.
  14. 14. Monochromatic BS 12 E 53 BS 12 B 15 BS 12 B 17 BS 12 E 51
  15. 15. Monochromatic BS 00 A 09 BS 04 E 51 BS 04 E 53 BS 04 E 49
  16. 16. What is a complimentary colour scheme? A Complimentary colour scheme is achieved by using colours that are opposite each other in the colour wheel. YO Y YG G O RO BG W B R RP P BP
  17. 17. Complimentary BS 14 E 51 BS 04 E 51 BS 04 E 53 BS 14 C 31
  18. 18. Complimentary BS 22 D 45 BS 22 B 17 BS 10 E 53 BS 10 E 49
  19. 19. Outcome 4: Apply colour theories and produce analogous and contrasting schemes using secondary colours. What is an analogous colour scheme? Analogous means “next to” So an Analogous colour scheme is made by using colours that are next to each other in the colour wheel.
  20. 20. Analogous RO + O + YO would be an Analogous colour scheme YO Y YG G O RO BG W B R RP P BP
  21. 21. Analogous BS 06 E 50 BS 08 B 15 BS 10 E 50 BS 06 D 43
  22. 22. Analogous BS 10 E 49 BS 12 B 15 BS 12 E 53 BS 14 C 31
  23. 23. What is a contrasting colour scheme? A contrasting colour scheme is made by using colours that are quite different to each other but may come from anywhere within the colour wheel.
  24. 24. Contrasting R + W + Y would be a contrasting colour scheme YO Y YG G O RO BG W B R RP P BP
  25. 25. Contrasting BS 18 E 53 BS 12 B 15 BS 12 E 53 WHITE
  26. 26. Contrasting BS 18 E 53 BS 10 E 53 BS 16 C 33 BS 18 C 31
  27. 27. Quick Quiz time!!!
  28. 28. Which one of the four colours listed below is not a primary paint colour: RED ORANGE YELLOW BLUE
  29. 29. ORANGE
  30. 30. The secondary paint colour produced by mixing red and yellow in equal proportions is: PURPLE ORANGE GREEN VIOLET
  31. 31. ORANGE
  32. 32. The secondary paint colour produced by mixing red and blue in equal proportions is: PURPLE ORANGE GREEN NEUTRAL
  33. 33. PURPLE
  34. 34. The secondary paint colour produced by mixing yellow and blue in equal proportions is: PURPLE ORANGE GREEN VIOLET
  35. 35. GREEN
  36. 36. The complementary colour to yellow is: PURPLE RED GREEN BLUE
  37. 37. PURPLE
  38. 38. The complementary colour to green is: PURPLE RED ORANGE BLUE
  39. 39. RED
  40. 40. The complementary colour to blue is: GREEN RED ORANGE YELLOW
  41. 41. ORANGE
  42. 42. An analogous colour scheme is produced by using colours that are: a, b, c, d, adjacent in the colour circle opposite in the colour circle tints of primary colours shades of secondary colours
  43. 43. a, is analogous RO + O + YO would be an Analogous colour scheme YO Y YG G O RO BG W B R RP P BP
  44. 44. A complementary colour scheme is produced by using colours that are: a, b, c, d, adjacent in the colour circle opposite in the colour circle tints of primary colours shades of secondary colours
  45. 45. b, is a complimentary A Complimentary colour scheme is achieved by using colours that are opposite each other in the colour wheel. YO Y YG G O RO BG W B R RP P BP
  46. 46. The term neutral refers to: a, b, c, d, colours that are opposite in the colour circle colours that have white or light grey added to them colours that have black or dark grey added to them greys which have no colour
  47. 47. d, Neutrals and greys Neutral or greys are devoid of colour and are made from a mixture of white White Light Grey Mid and black Grey Dark Grey Black
  48. 48. The term tint refers to: a, b, c, d, colours that are opposite in the colour circle colours that have white added to them colours that have black added to them greys which have no colour
  49. 49. b, Tints Tints are produced by adding a colour to white. YELLOW WHITE RED WHITE BLUE WHITE
  50. 50. The term shade refers to: a, b, c, d, colours that are opposite in the colour circle colours that have white added to them colours that have black added to them greys which have no colour
  51. 51. c, Shades Shades are produced by adding Black to a colour YELLOW BLACK RED BLACK BLUE BLACK
  52. 52. In a room with a monochromatic colour scheme, where the ceiling is white, the main walls are light blue and the feature wall is mid blue the door would be: a, b, c, d, light yellow mid yellow mid blue deep orange
  53. 53. MID BLUE
  54. 54. In a room with a monochromatic colour scheme, where the ceiling is white, the main walls are pale green and the feature wall is a deeper green the door would be: a, b, c, d, green orange purple red
  55. 55. GREEN
  56. 56. In a room with a complementary colour scheme where the principal colour is tints of orange the other colours used should be: a, b, c, d, shades of purple tints of green tints or shades of yellow tints or shades of blue
  57. 57. TINTS OR SHADES OF BLUE
  58. 58. THE CHROMATIC or COLOUR CIRCLE as rated in the BS 4800 colour system 08 10 12 14 06-08 06 16 W 18 04 02 22 20

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