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Role of Journalism in 'Peace Building'

Role of Journalism in 'Peace Building'

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Peace journalism Peace journalism Presentation Transcript

  • Zeenia Ahmed Roll # 01 MPhil Sociology (UOS) zeeniaahmed@yahoo.com
  • Contents:  Definition of peace Journalism  Definition of conflict according to peace  Introduction  History  How Journalism can build peace?  Role of Media in Peace Building  How conflict leads towards peace building?
  • Contents  Contrast peace Journalism and War Journalism  Development and future Directions  Conclusion  References View slide
  • Peace Journalism Definition: ‘When editors and reporters make choices of what stories to report and about how to report them’ And it also creates opportunities for the society to consider non-violent responses to conflict. Major Focus:  Analyze the conflict View slide
  • Peace Journalism  Transform the conflict to update the concept of balanced fairness and accuracy in reporting  Tracing the connection between journalists and their sources and stories they cover and their consequences.  Build an awareness of non-violence.  Creativity into the practical job of everyday editing and reporting.
  • Conflict according to peace: According to peace journalism, conflict is: “Relationship between two or more parties (individuals or group), who have or think they have incompatible goals, needs and interests”  ABC of Conflict, A= Attitudes like Hatred  B= behavior like violence  C= contradiction like issues , independence.
  • Introduction:  Its new conception in shaping news of truth. It shapes facts rather than propaganda.  It uncovers the dark sides of pictures.  Media performs the crucial role in promotion of peace it focuses on the issue of peace keeping and peace building.  It modify the attitudes of people towards peace process.
  • Introduction:  It has the quality to escalate and de-escalate the conflict.  It requires professional values and neutrality.  It stands for ‘truth’ as opposed to ‘propaganda’ and ‘lies’ (-Galtung 2005:5)  Different theorists named it differently like ‘good Journalism’, ‘accurate Journalism’, ‘post realistic journalism’, ‘conflict analysis Journalism’, ‘de-escalation oriented conflict
  • Introduction: reporting’ and ‘responsible Journalism’.  It helps to promote peace initiatives.  It allows the reader to differentiate between stated positions and actual goals.  Peace journalism is superior than conflict reporting (Hanitzsch, 2004 & 2007)  Media can contribute to conflict ending and promote peace.
  • History Of Peace Journalism
  • History:  Concept of ‘Peace Journalism’ was originated 1973 by ‘Johan Galtung’  Peace Journalism give the structural and cultural causes of violence, as it effects the lives of people.  It provides the platform for all conflicting parties and provides all the possible solutions to reduce the intensity of conflict.
  • Propaganda:  “ Perceptions are deliberately shaped, and cognitions manipulated to achieve a response that furthers the desired intent of the propagandist ” (Jowett & O’ Donnell 1999: 6)
  • Influence of Media on the Process of Peace: In broad spectrum, media can have some contributions on any peace process like: a. They can assist the political settings in which the peace can exist. b. Media has vibrant control on policy and approach of stake holders to conflict. c. Media has strong impact of discourse on peace process, and can strengthen or weaken public opinions.
  • Example in Pakistani context: Political conflict b/w govt, Taaliban and presssure groups Disturbed the economic and social conditions of communities Causes insecurities and threats from Taliban and military Population leaving FATA and forced to migrate other parts of country Population is more vulnerable to violence
  • Cycle Of Violence
  • Breaking the cycle
  • Intervention for physical security
  • Peace Journalism And War Journalism:
  • Development and Future Directions  The value of peace Journalism lies in the possibility of it bringing a positive change in the media’s coverage of conflict situations.  Give a better understanding to the people about different conflicting issues.  It is actually a paradigm shift of traditional media approach towards conflict.  All the Journalists and Conflict resolution
  • experts have to make it applicable in their own domains.  Journalists have to face various threats and it restricts the press freedom.  The press freedom has to restore, because peace media is almost absent in Pakistan.  The main intention of television news is not to inform audiences but to keep them energized enough to carry on watching.
  • Conclusion  Peace is unstructured and wide ranging.  The sentiments associated with it are delicate, individual and internal.  Peace Journalism attempts to depolarize the conflicts by presenting the black and white of all sides.  Journalism can build peace in the country.  Media is considered as a tool to de escalate
  • Conclusion conflict.  Journalism influence the policy makers towards peace.  It brings hidden stories in front of audience.  It’s the prime duty of journalists to adopt a balanced stance during conflict situation.  Peace Journalism help bridge the gaps between the enemies.
  • Conclusion  Lack of education is taken as an impediment to proper reporting.  Journalists should develop the complete perception of the conflict to their audience in order to mirror the reality.  Negative minded journalists frame news in terms of tension creation.
  • References:  McGoldrick.A, Lynch. J. ‘Peace Journalism’, reporting the world. (http://www.transcend.org/tri/downloads/Mc Goldrick_Lynch_Peace-Journalism.pdf)  Lynch.J, 2007. A course in peace journalism. Conflict and communication online. (http://www.cco.regener- online.de/2007_1/pdf/lynch.pdf)