Salt Production in the NW
Artibonite
An integrated plan for Agriculture,
Health and Reverse Migration
Amber Lynn Munger, J...
Development of Plan
Dr. John Cox, Engineer, Cox & Speller
– UK
Amber Munger, Article 29 Organization
– Haiti, USA
Commi...
Presentation
 Commune Anse Rouge
 IDP
 IDD
 Two domains of
intervention
 Salt production in CAR
 Obstacles to Univer...
Commune Anse Rouge
 In general
– Health, potable water, education, irrigation, agriculture
 3 agricultural environments
...
IDP’s in CAR
Population (2009): 36,129 (Haitian Institute of Statistical Info)
 Post EQ Survey (February 9th, 2010)
– 17...
Iodine Deficiency Disorder (IDD)
 Effects of IDD
– #1 cause of developmental disability in the world
– Short stature
– Lo...
Two Domains of IDD: Health
and Agriculture
Consumption end : health
– UNICEF, U Notre Dame, WFP, Ministry of
Health
Prod...
Salt
Production in
CAR
Obstacles to Universal Salt
Iodization
“[Biggest obstacle to USI in Haiti is the
lack of a local source of quality salt]”...
New Factory in Magazin
Two separate “companies”
 Salt for export
– Produce 250-300,000
MT per year
– 10 - 15 year contract for
sale of 200-250,0...
Primary Benefits
 Localized, national salt production, providing
consistent and reliable economic benefits from
long term...
Secondary Benefits
 Improved working conditions for salt workers
 Increased long and short term employment
 Expanded po...
How is salt related to the past
and pending emergencies?
IDPs
Short and long term jobs starting as
early as February
Fo...
Potential problems with plan
 Anse Rouge?
 Risk of exploitation from business
investment
 Business v. development plan
...
Contact
amber@article29organization.org
Ag cluster presentation
Ag cluster presentation
Ag cluster presentation
Ag cluster presentation
Ag cluster presentation
Ag cluster presentation
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Salt presentation for local iodization and for export

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  • In 2009, 36,129 people were estimated to live in Commune Anse Rouge  (Institut Ha�ien de Statistique et d棚nformatique, 2009).  Since January of 2010, Commune Anse Rouge has experienced high in-migration of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs).  A preliminary survey of 177 households in Anse Rouge using an FAO instrument showed a 39.1% increase in the commune痴 population (Munger, 2010), though individual households both gained and lost members (presumably family who left to work in Port-au-Prince).  When separated into lost vs. gain strata, we see that while 25 of the 177 houses (14.1%) surveyed experienced no change, 140 households (79.0%) experienced an increase of 56.8% in their household size, and 12 households (6.7%) experienced a 28.8% decrease in household size.  Even if this survey is not fully representative, it indicates that there has been substantial demographic movement into the area. 
  • Ag cluster presentation

    1. 1. Salt Production in the NW Artibonite An integrated plan for Agriculture, Health and Reverse Migration Amber Lynn Munger, JD Director Article 29 Organization
    2. 2. Development of Plan Dr. John Cox, Engineer, Cox & Speller – UK Amber Munger, Article 29 Organization – Haiti, USA Commissioned by Joe Mahoney, Irish Salt Mining – EU, USA
    3. 3. Presentation  Commune Anse Rouge  IDP  IDD  Two domains of intervention  Salt production in CAR  Obstacles to Universal Salt Iodization  Plan : A tale of two companies  Benefits of the Plan  Obstacles and Needs
    4. 4. Commune Anse Rouge  In general – Health, potable water, education, irrigation, agriculture  3 agricultural environments – Plain - irrigated/nonirrigated – Mountain - rainfed agriculture – Coastal region - desert environment - salt, fish  Salt is major form of income for the coastal region
    5. 5. IDP’s in CAR Population (2009): 36,129 (Haitian Institute of Statistical Info)  Post EQ Survey (February 9th, 2010) – 177 households – 39.1% gain in population 14% (25) of households - no change 79% (140) households - 56.8% increase 6.7 % (12 households) - 28.8% decrease “epidemi grangou”
    6. 6. Iodine Deficiency Disorder (IDD)  Effects of IDD – #1 cause of developmental disability in the world – Short stature – Loss of IQ points – Spontaneous abortions – goiter  59% of Haitians are iodine deficient  The role of salt in combating IDD
    7. 7. Two Domains of IDD: Health and Agriculture Consumption end : health – UNICEF, U Notre Dame, WFP, Ministry of Health Production end : agriculture – WFP, AOPS, ACF, MI, AMURT, Ministry of Agriculture (DDA)
    8. 8. Salt Production in CAR
    9. 9. Obstacles to Universal Salt Iodization “[Biggest obstacle to USI in Haiti is the lack of a local source of quality salt]” – Iodine Network Transferring to the new technology – Producers don’t understand new technology? – Producers don’t want the new technology? Economic interest
    10. 10. New Factory in Magazin
    11. 11. Two separate “companies”  Salt for export – Produce 250-300,000 MT per year – 10 - 15 year contract for sale of 200-250,000 MT – Washed salt for sale to iodization company – Cooperative Haitian ownership or land lease from US developer  Salt for iodization – 40-50,000 MT salt for iodization/yr – Demand for entire population of Haiti – Cooperatively owned local investment – **Need to resolve iodization location with MSPP
    12. 12. Primary Benefits  Localized, national salt production, providing consistent and reliable economic benefits from long term export contracts to salt basin owners and workers in Haiti’s NW Artibonite  High quality, washed salt, efficiently produced, and available to be iodized for local consumption  On site iodization facility to complement the effort of the PAP facility  Construction of a port in Commune Anse Rouge, opening up access to this extraordinarily isolated region
    13. 13. Secondary Benefits  Improved working conditions for salt workers  Increased long and short term employment  Expanded potential for agriculture  Improved access to potable water  Improved infrastructure, including electrification  Protection of the surrounding areas from flash- flooding/inundation  Protection of mangrove forests  Potential for comprehensive watershed management due to rising water table and need to protect new factory  Fisheries potential for salt basins that will not be incorporated into the new factory
    14. 14. How is salt related to the past and pending emergencies? IDPs Short and long term jobs starting as early as February Food and Economic Security in terms of disaster preparedness
    15. 15. Potential problems with plan  Anse Rouge?  Risk of exploitation from business investment  Business v. development plan  Missed opportunities regarding secondary benefits, especially agriculture and watershed protection  Missed opportunity regarding iodized salt
    16. 16. Contact amber@article29organization.org

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