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Salt presentation for local iodization and for export

Salt presentation for local iodization and for export

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  • In 2009, 36,129 people were estimated to live in Commune Anse Rouge  (Institut Ha � ien de Statistique et d 棚 n formatique, 2009).  Since January of 2010, Commune Anse Rouge has experienced high in-migration of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs).  A preliminary survey of 177 households in Anse Rouge using an FAO instrument showed a 39.1% increase in the commune 痴 population (Munger, 2010), though individual households both gained and lost members (presumably family who left to work in Port-au-Prince).  When separated into lost vs. gain strata, we see that while 25 of the 177 houses (14.1%) surveyed experienced no change, 140 households (79.0%) experienced an increase of 56.8% in their household size, and 12 households (6.7%) experienced a 28.8% decrease in household size.  Even if this survey is not fully representative, it indicates that there has been substantial demographic movement into the area. 

Transcript

  • 1. Salt Production in the NW Artibonite An integrated plan for Agriculture, Health and Reverse Migration Amber Lynn Munger, JD Director Article 29 Organization
  • 2. Development of Plan
    • Dr. John Cox, Engineer, Cox & Speller
      • UK
    • Amber Munger, Article 29 Organization
      • Haiti, USA
    • Commissioned by Joe Mahoney, Irish Salt Mining
      • EU, USA
  • 3. Presentation
    • Commune Anse Rouge
    • IDP
    • IDD
    • Two domains of intervention
    • Salt production in CAR
    • Obstacles to Universal Salt Iodization
    • Plan : A tale of two companies
    • Benefits of the Plan
    • Obstacles and Needs
  • 4.  
  • 5. Commune Anse Rouge
    • In general
      • Health, potable water, education, irrigation, agriculture
    • 3 agricultural environments
      • Plain - irrigated/nonirrigated
      • Mountain - rainfed agriculture
      • Coastal region - desert environment - salt, fish
    • Salt is major form of income for the coastal region
  • 6. IDP’s in CAR
    • Population (2009): 36,129 (Haitian Institute of Statistical Info)
    • Post EQ Survey (February 9th, 2010)
      • 177 households
      • 39.1% gain in population
        • 14% (25) of households - no change
        • 79% (140) households - 56.8% increase
        • 6.7 % (12 households) - 28.8% decrease
    • “ epidemi grangou”
  • 7. Iodine Deficiency Disorder (IDD)
    • Effects of IDD
      • #1 cause of developmental disability in the world
      • Short stature
      • Loss of IQ points
      • Spontaneous abortions
      • goiter
    • 59% of Haitians are iodine deficient
    • The role of salt in combating IDD
  • 8. Two Domains of IDD: Health and Agriculture
    • Consumption end : health
      • UNICEF, U Notre Dame, WFP, Ministry of Health
    • Production end : agriculture
      • WFP, AOPS, ACF, MI, AMURT, Ministry of Agriculture (DDA)
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12.  
  • 13. Salt Production in CAR
  • 14.  
  • 15. Obstacles to Universal Salt Iodization
    • “ [Biggest obstacle to USI in Haiti is the lack of a local source of quality salt]”
      • Iodine Network
    • Transferring to the new technology
      • Producers don’t understand new technology?
      • Producers don’t want the new technology?
    • Economic interest
  • 16. New Factory in Magazin
  • 17. Two separate “companies”
    • Salt for export
      • Produce 250-300,000 MT per year
      • 10 - 15 year contract for sale of 200-250,000 MT
      • Washed salt for sale to iodization company
      • Cooperative Haitian ownership or land lease from US developer
    • Salt for iodization
      • 40-50,000 MT salt for iodization/yr
      • Demand for entire population of Haiti
      • Cooperatively owned local investment
      • **Need to resolve iodization location with MSPP
  • 18. Primary Benefits
    • Localized, national salt production, providing consistent and reliable economic benefits from long term export contracts to salt basin owners and workers in Haiti’s NW Artibonite
    • High quality, washed salt, efficiently produced, and available to be iodized for local consumption
    • On site iodization facility to complement the effort of the PAP facility
    • Construction of a port in Commune Anse Rouge, opening up access to this extraordinarily isolated region
  • 19. Secondary Benefits
    • Improved working conditions for salt workers
    • Increased long and short term employment
    • Expanded potential for agriculture
    • Improved access to potable water
    • Improved infrastructure, including electrification
    • Protection of the surrounding areas from flash-flooding/inundation
    • Protection of mangrove forests
    • Potential for comprehensive watershed management due to rising water table and need to protect new factory
    • Fisheries potential for salt basins that will not be incorporated into the new factory
  • 20. How is salt related to the past and pending emergencies?
    • IDPs
    • Short and long term jobs starting as early as February
    • Food and Economic Security in terms of disaster preparedness
  • 21. Potential problems with plan
    • Anse Rouge?
    • Risk of exploitation from business investment
    • Business v. development plan
    • Missed opportunities regarding secondary benefits, especially agriculture and watershed protection
    • Missed opportunity regarding iodized salt
  • 22. Contact
    • [email_address]