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  • 1. BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2013 bp.com/statisticalreview 1 Introduction 1 Group chief executive’s introduction 2 2012 in review 6 Oil 6 8 15 16 18 Reserves Production and consumption Prices Refining Trade movements 20 Natural gas 20 22 27 28 Reserves Production and consumption Prices Trade movements 30 Coal 30 Reserves and prices 32 Production and consumption 35 Nuclear energy 35 Consumption 36 Hydroelectricity 36 Consumption 38 Renewable energy 38 Other renewables consumption 39 Biofuels production 40 Primary energy 40 Consumption 41 Consumption by fuel 44 Appendices 44 Approximate conversion factors 44 Definitions 45 More information
  • 2. About this review Contents Introduction For 62 years, the BP Statistical Review of World Energy has 1 Group chief executive’s introduction 2 2012 in review provided high-quality objective and globally consistent data on Oil world energy markets. The review 6 Reserves is one of the most widely 8 Production and consumption respected and authoritative 15 Prices 16 Refining publications in the field of energy 18 Trade movements economics, used for reference by the media, academia, world Natural gas governments and energy 20 Reserves companies. A new edition is 22 Production and consumption published every June. 27 Prices 28 Find out more online BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2013 is available online at bp.com/statisticalreview. The website contains all the tables and charts found in the latest printed edition, plus a number of extras, including: • Historical data from 1965 for many sections. • Additional data for natural gas, coal, hydroelectricity, nuclear energy, electricity and renewables. • An energy charting tool, where you can view predetermined reports or chart specific data according to energy type, region and year. • An oil, natural gas and LNG conversion calculator. • PDF versions and PowerPoint slide packs of the charts, maps and graphs, plus an Excel workbook of the historical data. About BP BP is one of the world’s largest oil and gas companies. We market our products in more than 70 countries and provide fuel for transportation, retail brands and energy for heat and light. Trade movements Coal 30 32 Reserves and prices Production and consumption Nuclear energy 35 Consumption Hydroelectricity 36 Consumption Renewable energy 38 39 Other renewables consumption Biofuels production Primary energy 40 41 Consumption Consumption by fuel Appendices 44 44 45 Approximate conversion factors Definitions More information Appendices For approximate conversion factors and definitions see page 44 Go online You can view or order this review at bp.com/statisticalreview Join the conversation Use #BPstats Disclaimer The data series for proved oil and gas reserves in BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2013 does not necessarily meet the definitions, guidelines and practices used for determining proved reserves at company level, for instance, under UK accounting rules contained in the Statement of Recommended Practice, ‘Accounting for Oil and Gas Exploration, Development, Production and Decommissioning Activities’ (UK SORP) or as published by the US Securities and Exchange Commission, nor does it necessarily represent BP’s view of proved reserves by country. Rather, the data series has been compiled using a combination of primary official sources and third-party data.
  • 3. Group chief executive’s introduction Energy in 2012 – adapting to a changing world Welcome to the 62nd edition of the BP Statistical Review of World Energy. Over the years, this review has established itself in the energy world as a valuable work of reference, documenting the changing patterns in the way we produce and consume our energy. It provides an annual opportunity to examine the latest data, country-by-country and fuel-by-fuel. This helps us discern the important trends and assess the challenges and the opportunities that lie before us. This edition of the review highlights the flexibility with which our global energy system adapts to rapid global change. The year 2012 saw a slowdown in the growth of energy consumption globally, partly as a result of the economic slowdown but also because individuals and businesses have responded to high prices by becoming more efficient in their use of energy. At the same time, the review shows that the supply of energy is coming from an increasing diversity of sources as the world’s energy market continues to adapt, innovate and evolve. Brazil, China, the EU, India, Japan, Russia and the US all saw below-average growth in energy consumption. Indeed, consumption growth of all forms of fossil energy was below average. On the supply side, the most noticeable phenomenon remains the American shale revolution. In 2012, the US recorded the largest oil and natural gas production increases in the world, and saw the largest gain in oil production in its history. 2012 highlighted the flexibility of the world’s energy markets. Elsewhere, for a second year, disruptions to oil supply in Africa and parts of the Middle East were offset by growth among OPEC producers. Libyan production recovered strongly after the sharp drop in output in 2011, and Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and Qatar all produced at record levels. However, despite these supply increases, oil prices reached another record high. Coal remained the fastest-growing fossil fuel, with China consuming half of the world’s coal for the first time – but it was also the fossil fuel that saw the weakest growth relative to its historical average. Bob Dudley While natural gas grew at a below-average rate, it was the only fossil fuel to see consumption growth accelerate in 2012. Cheaper natural gas competed strongly with coal in North America, displacing it as a power feedstock. Hydroelectric and renewable energy also competed strongly against coal globally; renewables in power generation grew by 15%. However in Europe, where gas was more expensive, coal was often the fuel of choice for power generation, while the LNG tankers that used to supply Europe turned towards Asia. Global nuclear power output had the largest decline ever, with Japanese output falling by nearly 90% as the response to the tragedy at Fukushima continued to unfold. Fossil fuel imports rose to compensate. In these and many other ways, 2012 highlighted the flexibility of the world’s energy market and the innovative approaches that consumers and producers take in response to change. Our mission as an industry is to find and produce the many forms of energy needed to meet growing demand, safely and sustainably. This review will continue to chart our progress in fulfilling that mission as well as helping to illuminate the options for our future direction. It is a great source of information for people in government, industry, academia and elsewhere and I hope that you will find it useful. In concluding, let me thank BP’s economics team and all those around the world who have helped prepare this review – in particular those in governments in many countries who contribute their official data. Bob Dudley Group Chief Executive June 2013 1
  • 4. 2012 in review On the back of slower economic growth, global energy consumption growth in 2012 slowed significantly. Darling Harbour, Sydney, Australia (above right). Once again, all of the net growth took place in emerging economies, with China and India alone accounting for nearly 90% of the net increase in global energy consumption. OECD consumption declined for the fourth time in the past five years, led by a large decline in the US. Despite the slowdown, consumption and production reached record levels for all fuels except nuclear power and biofuels. The data suggests that growth in global CO2 emissions from energy use continued in 2012, but at a slower rate than in 2011. Energy price developments were mixed. Brent, the international crude oil benchmark, saw annual average prices reach record levels (in money-of-the-day terms), although annual prices declined slightly on an inflation-adjusted basis. Crude oil prices peaked in March following a decline in Iranian exports, but eased thereafter in the face of rising output in the US, Libya, and other OPEC producers. Oil production growth in the US was the largest in the world in 2012, and the largest in the country’s history. In response, the differential between Brent and West Texas Intermediate (WTI) reached another record premium, although the gap began to narrow later in the year as infrastructure bottlenecks in the US eased. Natural gas prices rose in Europe and Asia, but fell in North America, where rising US natural gas output pushed gas prices to record discounts against both crude oil and international gas prices. Coal prices declined in all regions. +1.8% Growth in global primary energy consumption. 2 Energy developments World primary energy consumption grew by 1.8% in 2012, well below the 10-year average of 2.6%. Consumption in OECD countries fell by 1.2%, led by a decline of 2.8% in the US (the world’s largest decline in volumetric terms). Non-OECD consumption grew by 4.2%, below the 10-year average of 5.3%. Global consumption growth was below average for each fossil fuel and for nuclear power; regionally growth was below average everywhere except Africa. Oil remains the world’s leading fuel, at 33.1% of global energy consumption, but it also continued to lose market share for the 13th consecutive year and its current market share is the lowest in our data set, which begins in 1965.
  • 5. Oil -1.3% Decline in OECD oil consumption, the sixth decrease in the past seven years. +1million b/d Growth of US oil production, the largest in the world. Dated Brent averaged $111.67 per barrel in 2012, an increase of $0.40 per barrel from the 2011 level. The loss of Iranian supplies was more than offset by growth in the US, the recovery in Libyan production, and increases in Saudi Arabia and elsewhere in OPEC. Global oil consumption grew by 890,000 barrels per day (b/d), or 0.9%, below the historical average. Oil had the weakest global growth rate among fossil fuels for the third consecutive year. OECD consumption declined by 1.3% (530,000 b/d), the sixth decrease in the past seven years; the OECD now accounts for just 50.2% of global consumption, the smallest share on record. Outside the OECD, consumption grew by 1.4 million b/d, or 3.3%. China again recorded the largest increment to global consumption (+470,000 b/d, +5%) although the growth rate was below the 10-year average. Japanese consumption grew by 250,000 b/d (+6.3%), the strongest growth increment since 1994. Light distillates were the fastest-growing refined product category by volume for the first time since 2009. Global oil production, in contrast, increased by 1.9 million b/d, or 2.2%. OPEC accounted for about three-quarters of the global increase despite a decline in Iranian output (-680,000 b/d) due to international sanctions. Libyan output (+1 million b/d) nearly regained all of the ground lost in 2011. For a second consecutive year, output reached record levels in Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Qatar. Iraq and Kuwait also registered significant increases. Non-OPEC output grew by 490,000 b/d, with increases in the US (+1 million b/d), Canada, Russia and China offsetting unexpected outages in Sudan/South Sudan (-340,000 b/d) and Syria (-160,000 b/d), as well as declines in mature provinces such as the United Kingdom and Norway. Global refinery crude runs increased by a below-average 480,000 b/d, or 0.6%. Non-OECD countries accounted for two-thirds of the net increase, rising by 320,000 b/d. OECD throughputs grew by 160,000 b/d, with continued throughput declines in Europe more than offset by throughput increases in North America, where the US consolidated its position as a net product exporter. Global refinery capacity utilization improved to 82.4%; global refining capacity increased by a modest 360,000 b/d overall, but large capacity additions East of Suez were largely offset by substantial capacity reductions in and around the Atlantic Basin. Global oil trade in 2012 grew by 1.3%, or 0.7 million b/d. At 55.3 million b/d, trade accounted for 62% of global consumption, up from 57% a decade ago. The relatively small global increase hides large regional changes. US net imports fell by 930,000 b/d and are now 36% below their 2005 peak. Conversely, China’s net oil imports grew by 610,000 b/d, 86% of the global increase. Growth in net exports from Canada and North Africa, together with reduced US oil import dependence, offset declining exports from several regions. Discoverer Luanda drill ship, Angola (right). 3
  • 6. Natural gas -0.9% The first decline on record for global LNG trade. 23.9% Natural gas’s share of global primary energy consumption. World natural gas consumption grew by 2.2%, below the historical average of 2.7%. Consumption growth was above average in South & Central America, Africa, and North America, where the US (+4.1%) recorded the largest increment in the world. In Asia, China (+9.9%) and Japan (+10.3%) were responsible for the next-largest growth increments. These increases were partly offset by declines in the EU (-2.3%) and the Former Soviet Union (FSU) (-2.6%). Globally, natural gas accounted for 23.9% of primary energy consumption. OECD consumption grew more rapidly than non-OECD consumption for the first time since 2000. Global natural gas production grew by 1.9%. The US (+4.7%) once again recorded the largest volumetric increase and remained the world’s largest producer. Norway (+12.6%), Qatar (+7.8%), and Saudi Arabia (+11.1%) also saw significant production increases, while Russia (-2.7%) had the world’s largest decline in volumetric terms. Global natural gas trade was very weak, growing by just 0.1% in 2012. Pipeline shipments grew by 0.5%, with declines in net Russian exports (-12%) partly offset by growth in Norwegian exports (+12%). US net pipeline imports dropped by 18.8%. Global LNG trade fell for the first time on record (-0.9%): a decline in net European LNG imports (-28.2%) was offset by net increases in Asia (+22.8%). Among exporters, an increase in Qatari (+4.7%) shipments was nearly offset by a decline in Indonesia (-14.7%). LNG’s share of global gas trade declined slightly to 31.7%. Rowan EXL II drill rig, offshore Trinidad (above). 4
  • 7. Other fuels 50.2% China’s share of global coal consumption. -89% Decline in Japanese nuclear output. 4.7% Share of global power generation met by renewables. Coal consumption grew by 2.5% in 2012, well below the 10-year average of 4.4% but still the fastest-growing fossil fuel. Consumption outside the OECD rose by a below-average 5.4%; Chinese consumption growth was a below-average 6.1%, but China still accounted for all of the net growth in global coal consumption, and China accounted for more than half of global coal consumption for the first time. OECD consumption declined by 4.2% with losses in the US (-11.9%) offsetting increases in Europe and Japan. Global coal production grew by 2%, with growth in China (+3.5%) and Indonesia (+9%) offsetting a decline in the US (-7.5%). Coal reached the highest share of global primary energy consumption (29.9%) since 1970. Global nuclear output fell by 6.9%, the largest decline on record for a second consecutive year; Japanese output fell by 89%, accounting for 82% of the global decline. Nuclear output accounted for 4.5% of global energy consumption, the smallest share since 1984. Global hydroelectric output grew by an above-average 4.3%, with China accounting for all of the net increase. Hydroelectric output reached 6.7% of global energy consumption, the highest share on record. Renewable energy sources saw mixed results in 2012. Global biofuels production recorded the first decline since 2000 (-0.4%, or -0.1 mtoe), due to a decline in the US (-4.3% or -1.2 mtoe). In contrast, renewable energy used in power generation grew by 15.2%, slower year-on-year growth for the first time since 2008 but still slightly above the historical average. Wind energy (+18.1%), accounted for more than half of renewable power generation growth, with China (+34.6%) accounting for the largest increment in wind generation. Solar power generation grew even more rapidly (+58%), but from a smaller base. Renewable forms of energy accounted for 2.4% of global energy consumption, up from 0.8% in 2002; renewables in power generation accounted for a record 4.7% of global power generation. Additional information – including historical time series for the fuels reported in this review; further detail on renewable forms of energy; electricity generation; and CO2 emissions from energy use – is available at bp.com/statisticalreview. Acknowledgements We would like to express our sincere gratitude to the many contacts worldwide who provide the publicly available data for this publication, and to the researchers at the Heriot-Watt University Energy Academy who assist in the data compilation. In detail Additional information is available at bp.com/statisticalreview 5
  • 8. Oil Proved reserves At end 1992 Thousand million barrels US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Azerbaijan Denmark Italy Kazakhstan Norway Romania Russian Federation Turkmenistan United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Iraq Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Angola Chad Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) Egypt Equatorial Guinea Gabon Libya Nigeria South Sudan Sudan Tunisia Other Africa Total Africa Australia Brunei China India Indonesia Malaysia Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD OPEC Non-OPEC ‡ European Union# Former Soviet Union Canadian oil sands: Total of which: Under active development Venezuela: Orinoco Belt *More than 100 years. At end 2002 Thousand million barrels At end 2011 Thousand million barrels Thousand million tonnes 31.2 39.6 51.2 122.1 2.0 5.0 3.2 3.2 0.8 0.5 63.3 0.6 78.8 n/a 0.7 0.6 n/a 9.7 1.2 n/a n/a 4.6 n/a 61.3 78.3 92.9 100.0 96.5 4.7 3.1 261.2 3.0 98.1 2.0 0.1 661.6 9.2 1.3 – 0.7 3.4 0.3 0.8 22.8 21.0 – 0.3 0.5 0.8 61.1 3.2 1.1 15.2 5.9 5.6 5.1 0.2 0.3 0.9 37.5 1039.3 142.7 896.6 772.7 207.1 8.3 59.6 32.4 3.0 – 30.7 180.4 17.2 228.3 2.8 9.8 1.6 5.1 1.0 1.1 77.3 1.6 100.3 7.0 1.3 0.8 5.4 10.4 0.5 76.1 0.5 4.5 0.6 2.2 109.3 130.7 115.0 96.5 5.7 27.6 262.8 2.3 97.8 2.9 0.1 741.3 11.3 8.9 0.9 1.5 3.5 1.1 2.4 36.0 34.3 – 0.6 0.5 0.6 101.6 4.6 1.1 15.5 5.6 4.7 4.5 0.7 2.8 1.1 40.6 1321.5 251.2 1070.3 903.3 327.9 8.0 90.3 174.4 11.6 – 35.0 174.6 11.4 221.0 2.5 15.0 2.0 7.2 1.2 0.8 297.6 0.5 326.9 7.0 0.8 1.4 30.0 6.9 0.6 87.1 0.6 3.1 0.6 2.2 140.3 154.6 143.1 101.5 5.5 23.9 265.4 2.5 97.8 3.0 0.7 797.9 12.2 10.5 1.5 1.6 4.3 1.7 2.0 48.0 37.2 – 5.0 0.4 2.2 126.6 3.9 1.1 17.3 5.7 3.7 3.7 0.4 4.4 1.1 41.4 1654.1 238.5 1415.6 1199.0 329.4 6.9 125.8 168.6 25.5 220.0 4.2 28.0 1.6 33.8 0.3 2.2 0.3 1.2 0.2 0.1 46.5 0.1 50.9 1.0 0.1 0.2 3.9 0.9 0.1 11.9 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.3 19.0 21.6 20.2 14.0 0.7 2.5 36.5 0.3 13.0 0.4 0.1 109.3 1.5 1.7 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.2 0.3 6.3 5.0 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.5 17.3 0.4 0.1 2.4 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.6 0.1 5.5 235.8 36.0 199.7 169.9 48.8 0.9 17.1 27.3 4.2 35.3 At end 2012 Thousand million Share barrels of total 35.0 173.9 11.4 220.2 2.5 15.3 2.2 8.2 1.2 0.8 297.6 0.5 328.4 7.0 0.7 1.4 30.0 7.5 0.6 87.2 0.6 3.1 0.6 2.1 140.8 157.0 150.0 101.5 5.5 23.9 265.9 2.5 97.8 3.0 0.6 807.7 12.2 12.7 1.5 1.6 4.3 1.7 2.0 48.0 37.2 3.5 1.5 0.4 3.7 130.3 3.9 1.1 17.3 5.7 3.7 3.7 0.4 4.4 1.1 41.5 1668.9 238.3 1430.7 1211.9 331.0 6.8 126.0 167.8 25.9 220.0 2.1% 10.4% 0.7% 13.2% 0.1% 0.9% 0.1% 0.5% 0.1% ◆ 17.8% ◆ 19.7% 0.4% ◆ 0.1% 1.8% 0.4% ◆ 5.2% ◆ 0.2% ◆ 0.1% 8.4% 9.4% 9.0% 6.1% 0.3% 1.4% 15.9% 0.1% 5.9% 0.2% ◆ 48.4% 0.7% 0.8% 0.1% 0.1% 0.3% 0.1% 0.1% 2.9% 2.2% 0.2% 0.1% ◆ 0.2% 7.8% 0.2% 0.1% 1.0% 0.3% 0.2% 0.2% ◆ 0.3% 0.1% 2.5% 100.0% 14.3% 85.7% 72.6% 19.8% 0.4% 7.5% R/P ratio 10.7 * 10.7 38.7 10.2 19.5 6.4 44.6 31.5 18.8 * 9.7 * 21.9 9.7 33.7 47.4 10.7 19.1 22.4 7.4 8.8 24.0 14.8 22.4 * * 88.7 16.3 33.2 63.0 41.7 79.1 45.4 8.4 78.1 20.0 19.4 40.7 14.8 16.1 16.5 22.3 86.9 42.1 * 50.0 17.9 43.0 37.7 23.4 19.0 11.4 17.5 11.1 15.6 2.7 34.5 10.5 13.6 52.9 33.4 58.6 88.5 25.8 12.1 25.2 ◆ Less than 0.05%. ‡Excludes Former Soviet Union. #Excludes Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in 1992. Notes: Proved reserves of oil – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions. Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves would last if production were to continue at that rate. Source of data – The estimates in this table have been compiled using a combination of primary official sources, third-party data from the OPEC Secretariat, World Oil, Oil & Gas Journal and an independent estimate of Russian and Chinese reserves based on information in the public domain. Canadian oil sands ‘under active development’ are an official estimate. Venezuelan Orinoco Belt reserves are based on the OPEC Secretariat and government announcements. Reserves include gas condensate and natural gas liquids (NGLs) as well as crude oil. Shares of total and R/P ratios are calculated using thousand million barrels figures. 6
  • 9. Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios Years History 2012 by region 150 160 North America S. & Cent. America Europe & Eurasia Middle East Africa Asia Pacific World 120 150 140 130 120 110 100 90 90 80 70 60 60 50 40 30 30 20 10 North America S. & Cent. America Europe & Eurasia Middle East Africa Asia Pacific 0 82 87 92 97 02 07 12 0 World proved oil reserves at the end of 2012 reached 1668.9 billion barrels, sufficient to meet 52.9 years of global production. An increase in official Iraqi reserves was the single largest addition, adding 6.9 billion barrels. OPEC members continue to dominate, holding 72.6% of the global total. South & Central America continues to hold the highest R/P ratio. Global proved reserves have increased by 26%, or nearly 350 billion barrels, over the past decade. Distribution of proved reserves in 1992, 2002 and 2012 Percentage Middle East S. & Cent. America North America Europe & Eurasia Africa Asia Pacific 2.5 48.4 7.8 3.1 56.1 8.4 7.7 5.9 3.6 63.7 2002 Total 1321.5 thousand million barrels 7.5 11.7 2012 Total 1668.9 thousand million barrels 8.3 1992 Total 1039.3 thousand million barrels 13.2 17.3 7.6 7.6 19.7 7
  • 10. Production* Thousand barrels daily US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Azerbaijan Denmark Italy Kazakhstan Norway Romania Russian Federation Turkmenistan United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Iraq Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Angola Chad Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) Egypt Equatorial Guinea Gabon Libya Nigeria South Sudan Sudan Tunisia Other Africa Total Africa Australia Brunei China India Indonesia Malaysia Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD OPEC Non-OPEC ‡ European Union Former Soviet Union 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 7626 2858 3593 14077 899 1497 578 394 95 161 2974 149 6747 307 371 115 1021 3333 128 7755 183 2495 153 487 16346 3580 2116 2032 900 803 8907 677 2439 457 48 21960 1653 905 – 227 751 230 256 1375 2087 – 241 74 136 7937 737 210 3351 800 1289 740 210 356 190 7882 74948 21480 53469 29266 36118 3365 9565 7362 3003 3795 14160 900 1548 541 420 89 175 2868 149 6691 308 368 116 1111 3264 124 8602 203 2288 151 495 17029 4002 1344 2370 822 949 10141 652 2722 451 48 23501 1826 870 24 208 750 266 274 1485 2233 – 265 68 141 8408 624 214 3406 802 1176 760 244 361 192 7779 77568 21165 56402 31231 35808 3153 10530 7244 3080 3830 14154 868 1537 528 528 86 165 3305 144 7161 309 390 113 1283 3180 120 9335 194 2056 138 482 17600 4201 2030 2523 783 1082 10458 487 2836 424 48 24873 1921 1103 168 217 701 351 273 1623 2430 – 301 71 165 9322 542 210 3486 816 1130 776 241 424 233 7858 80968 20766 60203 34040 35515 2924 11414 6903 3041 3766 13709 839 1699 526 534 92 181 3308 146 7325 445 377 127 1330 2961 114 9598 193 1838 115 454 17551 4184 1833 2668 777 1149 10931 448 2922 421 185 25518 1990 1404 173 239 672 358 270 1745 2502 – 305 73 172 9902 553 206 3642 785 1096 757 297 389 284 8008 82014 19870 62144 35170 35010 2680 11835 6828 3208 3689 13725 838 1804 529 538 97 193 3336 140 7474 646 342 120 1403 2772 105 9818 187 1662 114 445 17615 4260 1999 2737 740 1241 10671 421 3099 387 182 25736 1979 1421 153 271 704 342 242 1816 2392 – 331 70 224 9945 534 221 3711 809 1018 713 325 355 303 7988 82482 19452 63030 35489 34676 2442 12318 6862 3290 3479 13631 813 1833 531 513 96 166 3230 142 7324 856 311 122 1453 2551 100 10044 199 1663 104 442 17843 4303 2143 2663 713 1279 10268 404 3001 341 190 25304 1992 1684 144 221 698 350 246 1820 2265 – 468 97 193 10179 551 194 3742 809 972 742 341 334 318 8003 82285 19147 63138 35161 34321 2409 12803 6783 3207 3165 13156 772 1895 588 507 99 174 3222 138 7395 895 287 108 1526 2466 99 9950 208 1568 102 420 17630 4396 2428 2786 759 1449 10663 406 3026 315 188 26415 1969 1901 127 235 715 347 240 1820 2113 – 480 89 190 10226 556 175 3814 809 1006 741 362 311 338 8111 82932 18461 64471 36279 33830 2258 12824 7263 3202 2978 13444 743 2024 671 488 107 153 3033 134 7353 1014 265 95 1664 2351 94 10139 211 1480 95 409 17817 4249 2452 2511 815 1416 9663 401 2723 306 192 24728 1774 1804 118 269 730 307 241 1652 2211 – 475 83 183 9848 559 168 3805 796 994 701 376 342 330 8071 81261 18496 62765 33977 34015 2111 13269 7552 3332 2959 13843 722 2137 786 488 113 148 2838 134 7367 1023 249 106 1740 2137 90 10365 217 1357 78 394 17755 4356 2490 2536 867 1676 10075 385 2895 291 192 25763 1698 1863 122 294 725 274 255 1659 2523 – 465 80 167 10123 576 172 4077 873 1003 703 388 312 315 8420 83272 18560 64712 35097 34617 1966 13558 7868 3526 2940 14335 687 2193 915 501 110 140 2766 137 7449 919 225 110 1758 2040 89 10510 217 1114 77 394 17451 4358 2801 2880 891 1836 11144 327 3319 228 203 27988 1684 1726 114 293 727 252 254 479 2460 – 453 68 232 8742 496 165 4074 903 952 640 397 317 301 8246 84210 18607 65603 35954 34648 1707 13609 Change 2012 over 2011 2012 share of total 8905 13.9% 3741 6.8% 2911 -0.7% 15557 8.9% 664 -3.8% 2149 -2.0% 944 3.2% 505 0.8% 107 -3.0% 121 -13.7% 2725 -1.5% 145 4.5% 7359 -1.2% 872 -5.2% 207 -8.0% 112 1.4% 1728 -1.6% 1916 -7.0% 86 -2.8% 10643 1.2% 222 2.5% 967 -13.4% 68 -12.0% 390 -0.7% 17211 -1.4% 3680 -16.2% 3115 11.2% 3127 8.9% 922 3.5% 1966 6.3% 11530 3.7% 164 -49.9% 3380 1.6% 180 -21.4% 206 1.3% 28270 0.9% 1667 -0.9% 1784 3.4% 101 -11.3% 296 0.8% 728 0.1% 283 13.4% 245 -3.5% 1509 215.1% 2417 -1.9% 31 – 82 -81.9% 65 -4.7% 234 1.0% 9442 7.7% 458 -8.6% 158 -4.3% 4155 2.0% 894 -0.9% 918 -3.9% 657 2.6% 440 9.1% 348 9.8% 285 -4.9% 8313 0.7% 86152 2.2% 19495 4.9% 66657 1.5% 37405 3.9% 35088 1.2% 1538 -9.9% 13659 0.4% 9.6% 4.4% 3.5% 17.5% 0.8% 2.7% 1.2% 0.7% 0.1% 0.1% 3.4% 0.2% 9.2% 1.1% 0.2% 0.1% 2.0% 2.1% 0.1% 12.8% 0.3% 1.1% 0.1% 0.5% 20.3% 4.2% 3.7% 3.7% 1.1% 2.0% 13.3% 0.2% 3.7% 0.2% 0.2% 32.5% 1.8% 2.1% 0.1% 0.4% 0.9% 0.3% 0.3% 1.7% 2.8% 2012 ◆ 0.1% 0.1% 0.3% 10.9% 0.5% 0.2% 5.0% 1.0% 1.1% 0.7% 0.4% 0.4% 0.3% 9.6% 100.0% 21.9% 78.1% 43.2% 40.5% 1.8% 16.3% *Includes crude oil, shale oil, oil sands and NGLs (the liquid content of natural gas where this is recovered separately). Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as biomass and coal derivatives. ◆Less than 0.05%. ‡Excludes Former Soviet Union. Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures. Growth rates are adjusted for leap years. 8
  • 11. Consumption* Thousand barrels daily US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Change 2012 over 2011 2012 share of total 19761 2172 1864 23797 394 2031 225 221 146 146 25 660 1156 5004 270 73 142 650 88 172 197 222 1953 2697 406 139 179 1915 169 51 934 216 430 332 220 2559 75 1493 346 264 643 81 282 1700 131 535 19563 1486 260 285 84 1668 412 1257 5452 221 524 480 1342 2568 844 80 5262 267 2413 1184 5357 561 139 356 330 739 2320 957 798 205 275 22086 78470 48322 30149 14708 3593 20033 2228 1909 24170 405 1973 228 222 151 139 24 535 1184 4860 292 84 141 688 95 184 189 235 1952 2648 396 131 175 1900 183 50 946 232 441 311 194 2679 70 1539 352 257 641 91 295 1723 162 567 19842 1581 267 334 95 1780 453 1176 5686 230 540 497 1380 2646 854 83 5771 269 2485 1210 5461 561 145 319 329 689 2340 998 863 220 284 22880 80085 48915 31170 14759 3791 20732 2309 1983 25023 425 2050 244 225 155 152 25 582 1200 5059 283 88 144 680 92 202 185 221 1963 2619 426 136 181 1850 196 53 983 221 469 315 224 2660 67 1575 339 255 655 88 310 1766 149 601 19998 1639 251 374 106 1913 484 1258 6026 239 556 513 1459 2767 863 86 6738 313 2556 1278 5308 585 150 324 336 763 2294 1043 930 263 293 24124 82996 49687 33309 14891 3805 20802 2288 2030 25119 449 2097 250 230 169 152 26 623 1189 5185 287 106 145 679 102 210 196 229 1946 2592 424 158 191 1798 204 57 1039 224 487 324 218 2679 80 1594 339 260 662 90 296 1806 100 624 20142 1705 257 411 121 2013 493 1335 6335 250 617 514 1531 2911 896 89 6944 285 2606 1263 5391 580 151 311 314 830 2312 1053 959 258 296 24535 84228 50064 34164 15021 3798 20687 2295 2019 25002 471 2134 278 235 180 147 29 658 1202 5332 291 96 162 671 105 207 198 222 1942 2609 442 168 191 1791 210 58 1047 229 512 294 214 2761 72 1592 344 266 696 85 308 1788 101 640 20311 1826 251 378 134 2084 527 1248 6449 258 602 528 1532 2920 929 89 7439 305 2737 1234 5210 615 153 354 284 884 2320 1043 973 254 302 25124 85138 49880 35259 15023 3906 20680 2361 2067 25109 523 2286 358 234 183 153 34 662 1219 5651 276 91 150 676 103 205 200 223 1911 2380 435 168 195 1740 233 58 1065 237 531 296 218 2777 76 1613 342 241 716 95 338 1716 93 663 20062 1868 264 383 150 2203 565 1263 6696 286 642 549 1590 3068 936 86 7823 324 2941 1271 5053 672 154 387 301 963 2399 1096 984 283 317 25989 86575 49682 36893 14700 3981 19490 2315 2054 23860 534 2439 372 234 188 172 37 746 1171 5892 274 74 168 747 102 209 196 222 1889 2502 425 164 187 1661 229 63 991 228 549 278 216 2862 82 1557 332 256 681 104 322 1683 91 673 20017 1962 259 405 171 2378 586 1425 7185 309 687 528 1694 3218 949 84 7947 293 3077 1263 4882 661 154 388 266 1015 2308 992 994 300 307 25881 86052 48070 37983 14610 4059 18769 2195 1995 22959 522 2467 367 241 191 176 35 755 1167 5921 264 73 188 650 92 204 178 209 1822 2409 405 154 166 1563 188 54 971 236 549 263 195 2772 79 1473 307 260 683 96 287 1610 88 663 19149 1996 244 453 173 2592 576 1492 7526 327 726 517 1734 3302 943 78 8229 334 3237 1316 4429 662 148 414 283 1083 2339 987 1071 304 349 26205 85064 46042 39021 13880 3889 19134 2316 2014 23464 557 2676 329 257 220 187 39 766 1192 6222 276 71 146 672 82 194 176 219 1763 2445 368 146 158 1532 196 55 977 235 576 259 184 2892 82 1394 321 242 694 93 281 1588 75 665 19057 1936 236 489 212 2790 631 1567 7861 327 766 547 1822 3463 962 86 9272 362 3319 1426 4473 672 150 411 286 1193 2370 1028 1076 329 351 27766 87833 46460 41373 13741 3963 18949 2404 2043 23397 598 2740 367 271 226 203 33 764 1203 6405 259 89 180 662 80 193 169 204 1742 2369 347 140 141 1475 242 53 971 240 574 240 191 3089 81 1377 305 235 673 97 277 1532 80 668 18974 1878 249 466 235 2835 699 1629 7992 345 718 547 1749 3359 1007 108 9750 364 3488 1549 4465 682 149 417 279 1246 2394 951 1171 358 376 28754 88879 46117 42762 13377 4261 18555 2412 2074 23040 612 2805 376 274 234 212 33 781 1205 6533 257 93 182 636 80 194 160 190 1687 2358 313 129 130 1345 265 53 933 247 542 226 182 3174 73 1278 295 238 685 100 282 1468 82 668 18543 1971 289 476 250 2935 720 1714 8354 367 744 561 1850 3523 1019 114 10221 360 3652 1565 4714 697 149 402 282 1255 2458 939 1212 361 382 29781 89774 45587 44187 12796 4391 -2.3% -0.9% 2.3% -1.8% 2.3% 2.5% 1.9% 1.0% 3.6% 3.2% 0.2% 2.5% 0.2% 2.0% -1.2% 5.4% 1.1% -5.4% 0.1% 0.2% -6.3% -6.2% -3.6% -0.7% -9.5% -7.7% -7.7% -9.2% 10.2% -1.2% -4.5% 1.3% -5.8% -6.2% -3.6% 2.5% -9.3% -7.2% -4.8% 1.6% 2.3% 3.3% 1.9% -4.0% 2.1% -0.3% -2.5% 4.3% 17.8% 2.5% 2.5% 3.9% 2.2% 5.3% 4.5% 6.9% 4.4% 2.6% 5.8% 5.1% 0.9% 6.3% 5.0% -1.2% 5.0% 0.4% 6.3% 2.1% -0.1% -4.2% 0.7% 0.4% 2.5% -1.8% 3.6% 0.7% 1.3% 3.7% 0.9% -1.3% 3.3% -4.6% 2.9% 19.8% 2.5% 2.2% 24.6% 0.7% 3.0% 0.4% 0.3% 0.3% 0.2% ◆ 0.9% 1.4% 7.3% 0.3% 0.1% 0.2% 0.7% 0.1% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 2.0% 2.7% 0.4% 0.1% 0.2% 1.6% 0.3% 0.1% 1.1% 0.3% 0.6% 0.3% 0.2% 3.6% 0.1% 1.5% 0.3% 0.3% 0.8% 0.1% 0.3% 1.7% 0.1% 0.8% 21.3% 2.2% 0.3% 0.5% 0.2% 3.1% 0.8% 2.0% 9.1% 0.4% 0.9% 0.7% 2.1% 4.0% 1.1% 0.1% 11.7% 0.4% 4.2% 1.7% 5.3% 0.7% 0.2% 0.5% 0.3% 1.6% 2.6% 1.0% 1.3% 0.4% 0.4% 33.6% 100.0% 50.2% 49.8% 14.8% 5.0% *Inland demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss. Consumption of fuel ethanol and biodiesel is also included. than 0.05%. Notes: Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics are accounted for by stock changes, consumption of non-petroleum additives and substitute fuels, and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data. Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures. Growth rates are adjusted for leap years. ◆Less 9
  • 12. Production* Million tonnes US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Azerbaijan Denmark Italy Kazakhstan Norway Romania Russian Federation Turkmenistan United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Iraq Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Angola Chad Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) Egypt Equatorial Guinea Gabon Libya Nigeria South Sudan Sudan Tunisia Other Africa Total Africa Australia Brunei China India Indonesia Malaysia Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD OPEC Non-OPEC ‡ European Union Former Soviet Union 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Change 2012 over 2011 2012 share of total 342.0 132.6 177.8 652.4 43.1 78.4 30.4 21.1 4.9 8.0 152.8 7.7 346.4 15.3 18.1 5.5 48.2 157.9 6.1 383.7 9.0 115.7 7.2 23.6 790.3 177.5 103.9 98.9 44.6 37.4 425.2 33.7 112.5 21.6 2.3 1057.5 70.9 44.6 – 11.7 37.2 11.1 12.8 64.6 101.7 – 11.9 3.5 6.8 376.8 33.4 10.3 166.9 37.2 63.3 34.2 8.1 17.3 8.7 379.3 3602.7 1000.1 2602.6 1411.0 1721.5 158.0 470.2 332.3 140.2 188.2 660.7 42.8 81.1 28.5 22.5 4.6 8.7 147.5 7.8 343.3 15.4 17.9 5.6 52.4 153.9 5.9 425.7 10.0 105.8 7.1 24.0 823.7 198.5 66.0 115.6 40.7 43.8 486.2 32.4 126.2 21.2 2.3 1133.0 79.0 42.8 1.2 10.7 37.1 12.7 13.7 69.8 109.0 – 13.1 3.2 7.0 399.3 27.8 10.5 169.6 37.3 57.6 35.4 9.5 17.6 8.8 374.2 3734.3 988.7 2745.6 1506.9 1709.5 147.9 517.8 325.1 144.8 190.0 659.9 40.9 80.6 27.9 28.3 4.4 8.2 170.1 7.4 367.8 15.5 19.1 5.5 60.6 150.3 5.7 463.3 9.6 95.2 6.6 23.4 854.6 208.2 99.9 123.4 38.9 50.0 500.4 24.3 132.0 20.0 2.3 1199.4 83.6 54.5 8.8 11.2 34.8 16.5 13.7 76.5 119.0 – 14.9 3.4 8.2 445.1 24.0 10.3 174.1 38.2 55.6 36.3 9.3 20.7 10.4 378.8 3905.5 970.0 2935.6 1645.9 1696.9 137.5 562.7 309.1 142.3 186.5 637.9 39.4 88.7 27.7 28.6 4.5 9.0 169.7 7.4 374.9 22.2 18.4 6.1 62.6 138.7 5.4 474.8 9.5 84.6 5.4 22.0 849.8 206.4 89.9 130.4 38.5 52.6 521.3 22.3 135.8 19.8 9.1 1226.0 86.4 68.9 9.1 12.3 33.2 16.4 13.5 82.2 122.1 – 15.0 3.4 8.6 471.1 24.2 10.1 181.4 36.6 53.7 34.6 11.4 19.0 12.4 383.3 3943.1 924.8 3018.3 1694.2 1667.1 125.6 581.8 304.7 150.6 182.5 637.8 39.1 93.7 27.9 28.8 4.6 9.6 171.0 7.1 381.8 32.3 16.7 5.8 66.1 129.0 5.0 485.6 9.2 76.5 5.4 21.7 853.2 209.2 98.0 133.7 36.6 56.8 508.9 21.0 144.3 18.1 8.9 1235.7 86.2 69.3 8.0 14.0 34.5 15.6 12.1 85.3 116.6 – 16.3 3.3 11.2 472.3 23.3 10.8 184.8 37.8 50.2 32.7 12.5 17.2 13.1 382.4 3963.3 903.7 3059.7 1708.2 1649.5 114.4 605.6 305.2 155.3 172.2 632.7 38.0 95.2 28.0 27.5 4.6 8.2 165.5 7.2 374.2 42.6 15.2 5.9 68.4 118.6 4.7 496.8 9.8 76.7 4.9 21.6 865.2 210.9 105.1 129.9 35.3 57.9 488.9 20.1 139.6 15.9 9.3 1213.0 86.5 82.1 7.5 11.4 33.8 15.9 12.3 85.3 110.2 – 23.1 4.6 9.7 482.2 24.3 9.5 186.3 37.9 47.8 33.8 13.2 16.3 13.9 383.1 3950.4 889.0 3061.3 1689.2 1631.7 113.1 629.4 302.3 152.9 156.9 612.0 36.5 98.8 31.1 27.2 4.7 8.7 165.6 7.1 379.7 44.5 14.0 5.2 72.0 114.7 4.7 493.7 10.3 72.0 4.8 20.6 856.6 214.5 119.3 136.1 37.7 65.0 509.9 20.3 141.4 14.8 9.3 1268.2 85.6 93.1 6.7 12.1 34.7 16.1 12.0 85.5 102.8 – 23.7 4.2 9.5 486.0 24.8 8.6 190.4 37.9 49.4 34.0 14.0 15.2 14.8 389.3 3991.8 858.6 3133.2 1746.0 1613.8 105.7 632.0 322.4 152.8 146.7 621.9 34.9 105.6 35.3 26.1 4.8 7.6 155.7 6.9 376.9 50.4 12.9 4.6 78.2 108.8 4.5 500.8 10.4 68.2 4.5 19.9 863.1 205.5 119.9 121.2 40.3 62.4 456.7 20.0 126.2 14.3 9.4 1176.1 77.2 87.6 6.2 13.9 35.3 14.2 12.0 77.4 106.6 – 23.4 4.0 9.2 466.8 24.6 8.3 189.5 37.2 48.4 32.2 14.6 16.7 14.4 385.8 3890.6 855.9 3034.7 1622.5 1617.1 99.1 651.0 332.9 160.3 145.6 638.8 34.0 111.4 41.4 26.1 5.1 7.4 145.7 6.9 377.9 50.8 12.2 5.1 81.6 98.9 4.3 511.8 10.7 62.8 3.6 19.2 861.0 208.8 121.5 122.5 42.9 72.1 473.8 19.2 133.3 13.5 9.4 1217.2 74.1 90.5 6.4 15.1 35.0 12.6 12.7 77.7 121.3 – 22.9 3.8 8.3 480.6 25.4 8.5 203.0 40.8 48.6 32.0 14.8 15.3 13.8 402.3 3977.8 857.5 3120.3 1667.6 1645.3 92.5 664.8 345.7 170.4 144.5 660.7 32.2 114.2 48.2 26.8 4.9 6.9 141.5 7.0 381.7 45.6 10.9 5.3 82.4 93.8 4.2 518.5 10.7 51.9 3.6 19.2 846.1 208.2 136.7 139.7 44.1 78.2 526.0 16.3 151.3 10.6 10.0 1321.0 73.5 83.8 6.0 15.1 35.3 11.6 12.7 22.5 118.2 – 22.3 3.2 11.5 415.7 21.7 8.1 202.9 42.3 46.3 28.9 14.8 15.5 13.1 393.6 4018.8 858.4 3160.4 1706.2 1645.8 80.8 666.7 394.9 182.6 143.9 721.4 31.0 112.2 49.9 27.1 4.8 6.0 139.7 7.3 378.0 43.4 10.1 5.4 81.3 87.5 4.1 526.2 11.0 45.0 3.2 19.2 836.4 174.9 152.4 152.5 45.8 83.3 547.0 8.2 154.1 8.3 10.1 1336.8 73.0 86.9 5.3 15.3 35.4 13.2 12.3 71.1 116.2 1.5 4.1 3.1 11.6 449.0 19.9 7.8 207.5 42.0 44.6 29.7 16.2 17.0 12.5 397.3 4118.9 903.0 3215.9 1778.4 1669.6 73.0 670.9 13.9% 6.8% -0.7% 8.9% -3.8% -2.0% 3.2% 0.8% -3.0% -13.7% -1.5% 4.5% -1.2% -5.2% -8.0% 1.4% -1.6% -7.0% -2.8% 1.2% 2.5% -13.4% -12.0% -0.7% -1.4% -16.2% 11.2% 8.9% 3.5% 6.3% 3.7% -49.9% 1.6% -21.4% 1.3% 0.9% -0.9% 3.4% -11.3% 0.8% 0.1% 13.4% -3.5% 215.1% -1.9% – -81.9% -4.7% 1.0% 7.7% -8.6% -4.3% 2.0% -0.9% -3.9% 2.6% 9.1% 9.8% -4.9% 0.7% 2.2% 4.9% 1.5% 3.9% 1.2% -9.9% 0.4% 9.6% 4.4% 3.5% 17.5% 0.8% 2.7% 1.2% 0.7% 0.1% 0.1% 3.4% 0.2% 9.2% 1.1% 0.2% 0.1% 2.0% 2.1% 0.1% 12.8% 0.3% 1.1% 0.1% 0.5% 20.3% 4.2% 3.7% 3.7% 1.1% 2.0% 13.3% 0.2% 3.7% 0.2% 0.2% 32.5% 1.8% 2.1% 0.1% 0.4% 0.9% 0.3% 0.3% 1.7% 2.8% ◆ 0.1% 0.1% 0.3% 10.9% 0.5% 0.2% 5.0% 1.0% 1.1% 0.7% 0.4% 0.4% 0.3% 9.6% 100.0% 21.9% 78.1% 43.2% 40.5% 1.8% 16.3% *Includes crude oil, shale oil, oil sands and NGLs (the liquid content of natural gas where this is recovered separately). Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as biomass and coal derivatives. ◆Less than 0.05%. ‡Excludes Former Soviet Union. Note: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years. 10
  • 13. Consumption* Million tonnes US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Change 2012 over 2011 2012 share of total 884.9 93.8 82.8 1061.5 18.0 91.5 10.4 10.0 6.8 6.9 1.2 30.3 57.2 232.5 13.2 3.7 7.1 31.7 4.2 8.1 9.6 10.9 92.9 127.4 20.3 6.4 8.8 92.9 8.3 2.5 44.7 9.8 19.9 16.2 10.6 122.3 3.5 73.7 16.3 12.4 30.5 3.9 13.3 78.0 6.6 26.5 936.1 70.0 12.4 13.2 3.0 76.6 20.0 61.5 256.7 9.7 25.2 23.1 64.1 122.1 38.2 3.9 247.5 12.9 113.2 56.2 246.4 24.7 6.5 17.9 15.6 38.1 105.3 44.9 36.9 9.8 13.2 1031.3 3640.2 2215.1 1425.1 703.6 172.7 900.7 97.3 85.0 1083.0 18.5 88.7 10.6 10.0 7.0 6.5 1.1 24.9 58.5 226.1 14.2 4.3 7.0 33.8 4.4 8.7 9.2 11.4 93.1 125.1 19.7 6.1 8.5 92.1 8.9 2.4 45.1 10.4 20.2 15.2 9.4 127.3 3.3 76.2 16.9 12.1 30.5 4.4 13.6 79.0 8.2 28.1 948.7 74.3 12.8 15.6 3.1 81.7 22.1 57.3 266.9 10.1 25.9 23.9 65.6 125.5 38.8 4.0 271.7 13.0 116.5 57.3 252.1 24.5 6.8 15.8 15.5 35.5 106.4 46.7 40.1 10.5 13.6 1068.7 3719.0 2248.3 1470.7 706.3 181.1 936.5 100.8 88.5 1125.9 19.4 92.0 11.5 10.3 7.2 7.3 1.2 27.2 59.6 235.8 13.9 4.5 7.1 33.5 4.3 9.5 9.0 10.6 94.0 124.0 21.3 6.3 8.9 89.7 9.5 2.6 47.1 10.0 21.6 15.4 10.9 126.2 3.2 78.5 16.2 12.0 30.8 4.3 14.3 81.7 7.7 29.7 958.3 76.9 12.0 17.8 3.4 88.3 23.9 60.5 282.7 10.6 26.8 24.7 69.7 131.8 39.5 4.2 318.9 15.4 119.5 60.5 245.5 25.5 7.0 16.0 15.9 39.4 104.6 48.9 43.5 12.5 14.1 1130.8 3865.2 2290.8 1574.4 715.1 181.7 939.8 99.9 90.8 1130.5 20.7 94.2 11.8 10.5 7.9 7.1 1.2 28.8 58.8 241.0 14.0 5.4 7.1 33.5 4.8 9.9 9.4 11.0 93.1 122.4 21.1 7.4 9.3 86.7 9.8 2.8 50.1 10.2 22.4 16.0 10.5 126.1 3.8 79.3 16.1 12.2 30.9 4.3 13.7 83.0 5.0 30.8 962.0 80.7 12.2 19.5 4.0 88.2 24.5 63.5 292.7 11.0 29.8 24.6 73.1 138.5 40.7 4.3 327.8 13.8 121.9 59.5 248.8 25.0 7.0 15.3 14.8 43.2 104.6 49.3 44.3 12.2 14.2 1146.9 3911.6 2305.3 1606.3 719.7 180.0 930.7 99.4 89.7 1119.7 21.7 95.8 13.2 10.7 8.3 6.9 1.4 30.3 59.5 247.7 14.2 4.8 8.1 33.4 5.0 9.8 9.6 10.6 93.0 123.6 22.1 7.8 9.3 86.7 10.3 2.8 50.8 10.5 23.3 14.4 10.3 130.3 3.4 79.3 16.5 12.6 32.7 4.1 14.2 82.3 5.0 31.5 972.1 86.5 11.9 17.7 4.5 92.4 26.3 59.3 298.6 11.5 28.7 25.3 72.9 138.4 42.1 4.3 351.2 15.0 128.3 57.8 239.6 26.6 7.1 17.6 13.3 46.5 104.7 48.6 44.4 12.0 14.5 1173.6 3950.1 2292.0 1658.1 721.2 185.5 928.8 102.3 92.0 1123.1 24.0 101.8 17.0 10.7 8.5 7.1 1.7 30.4 60.1 261.3 13.4 4.5 7.3 33.7 4.8 9.7 9.7 10.6 91.4 112.5 21.7 7.7 9.4 84.0 11.3 2.8 50.7 10.7 24.2 14.4 10.3 130.0 3.6 80.3 16.0 11.3 33.5 4.6 15.6 79.2 4.6 32.5 956.4 88.6 12.4 17.9 5.2 98.1 28.2 60.0 310.3 12.9 30.6 26.2 75.7 145.4 42.4 4.2 369.3 16.1 138.1 59.3 232.6 29.2 7.2 19.3 14.1 50.5 107.6 50.4 44.4 13.3 15.2 1213.3 4009.7 2278.3 1731.4 703.8 187.8 875.4 101.2 91.6 1068.2 24.7 108.6 17.8 10.8 8.7 8.0 1.8 34.8 57.8 272.9 13.4 3.6 8.3 36.8 4.8 9.9 9.5 10.5 90.8 118.9 21.3 7.5 9.0 80.4 11.0 3.1 47.3 10.4 25.3 13.6 10.4 133.9 3.9 77.9 15.7 12.1 31.9 5.1 14.9 77.9 4.5 33.1 956.7 92.2 12.2 19.0 6.0 106.8 29.4 68.6 334.1 14.0 32.6 25.3 80.5 152.5 43.2 4.1 376.0 14.6 144.7 58.7 226.3 28.8 7.2 19.4 12.3 53.7 103.1 45.1 44.3 14.1 14.7 1210.5 3994.8 2210.6 1784.2 701.9 191.2 833.0 95.2 88.5 1016.8 24.0 109.1 17.4 11.1 8.9 8.1 1.7 35.2 57.0 272.5 12.8 3.3 9.4 32.2 4.3 9.7 8.5 9.9 87.5 113.9 20.1 7.1 8.0 75.1 8.9 2.6 45.9 10.6 25.3 12.8 9.2 128.2 3.7 73.5 14.6 12.3 31.6 4.6 13.4 74.4 4.3 32.6 910.6 93.5 11.4 20.3 6.0 115.8 28.1 71.3 346.4 14.9 34.4 24.7 82.1 156.0 42.9 3.8 388.2 16.6 152.6 60.6 202.2 28.3 6.9 20.8 13.1 57.3 103.7 44.3 47.2 14.1 16.7 1219.3 3921.6 2098.7 1822.9 664.4 181.7 847.4 101.3 88.5 1037.3 26.0 118.3 15.4 11.9 10.3 8.5 1.9 35.8 58.2 286.1 13.4 3.2 7.3 33.5 3.9 9.1 8.4 10.4 84.5 115.4 18.0 6.7 7.6 73.1 9.3 2.7 45.9 10.8 26.7 12.5 8.8 134.3 3.9 69.6 15.3 11.4 31.8 4.5 13.0 73.5 3.6 32.8 904.7 88.3 10.9 21.7 6.9 123.5 30.0 74.6 356.1 14.8 36.3 26.1 86.4 163.6 43.7 4.2 437.7 17.9 155.4 65.2 204.1 28.4 7.0 20.6 13.2 62.9 105.0 46.3 47.1 15.1 16.7 1290.5 4038.2 2112.6 1925.6 656.5 185.2 837.0 105.0 90.3 1032.3 27.5 122.2 17.5 12.5 10.5 9.2 1.6 35.6 58.7 295.4 12.6 4.0 9.0 32.3 3.8 9.0 8.1 9.7 83.7 112.0 17.0 6.4 6.7 70.5 11.6 2.6 46.1 10.6 26.6 11.6 9.1 143.5 3.9 68.5 14.5 11.0 30.7 4.7 12.9 71.1 3.8 32.8 900.3 85.6 11.5 20.4 7.8 124.4 31.8 77.1 358.7 15.5 33.7 26.2 82.7 158.0 46.1 5.3 459.4 18.1 163.0 71.1 204.7 29.1 7.0 20.8 12.8 65.7 105.8 42.8 50.5 16.5 18.0 1336.6 4081.4 2095.2 1986.2 639.1 199.5 819.9 104.3 92.6 1016.8 28.2 125.6 17.9 12.7 11.0 9.6 1.6 36.6 59.0 302.2 12.4 4.2 9.1 30.6 3.8 9.1 7.6 9.1 80.9 111.5 15.4 6.0 6.2 64.2 12.8 2.6 44.1 10.8 25.1 10.9 8.8 147.5 3.5 63.8 13.8 11.2 31.5 4.8 13.2 68.5 3.9 32.8 879.8 89.6 13.6 20.9 8.0 129.7 32.6 81.4 375.8 16.7 35.2 26.9 87.7 166.5 46.7 5.6 483.7 17.9 171.6 71.6 218.2 29.8 7.0 20.0 13.0 66.2 108.8 42.2 52.4 16.6 18.3 1389.4 4130.5 2072.8 2057.7 611.3 205.9 -2.3% -0.9% 2.3% -1.8% 2.3% 2.5% 1.9% 1.0% 3.6% 3.2% 0.2% 2.5% 0.2% 2.0% -1.2% 5.4% 1.1% -5.4% 0.1% 0.2% -6.3% -6.2% -3.6% -0.7% -9.5% -7.7% -7.7% -9.2% 10.2% -1.2% -4.5% 1.3% -5.8% -6.2% -3.6% 2.5% -9.3% -7.2% -4.8% 1.6% 2.3% 3.3% 1.9% -4.0% 2.1% -0.3% -2.5% 4.3% 17.8% 2.5% 2.5% 3.9% 2.2% 5.3% 4.5% 6.9% 4.4% 2.6% 5.8% 5.1% 0.9% 6.3% 5.0% -1.2% 5.0% 0.4% 6.3% 2.1% -0.1% -4.2% 0.7% 0.4% 2.5% -1.8% 3.6% 0.7% 1.3% 3.7% 0.9% -1.3% 3.3% -4.6% 2.9% 19.8% 2.5% 2.2% 24.6% 0.7% 3.0% 0.4% 0.3% 0.3% 0.2% ◆ 0.9% 1.4% 7.3% 0.3% 0.1% 0.2% 0.7% 0.1% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 2.0% 2.7% 0.4% 0.1% 0.2% 1.6% 0.3% 0.1% 1.1% 0.3% 0.6% 0.3% 0.2% 3.6% 0.1% 1.5% 0.3% 0.3% 0.8% 0.1% 0.3% 1.7% 0.1% 0.8% 21.3% 2.2% 0.3% 0.5% 0.2% 3.1% 0.8% 2.0% 9.1% 0.4% 0.9% 0.7% 2.1% 4.0% 1.1% 0.1% 11.7% 0.4% 4.2% 1.7% 5.3% 0.7% 0.2% 0.5% 0.3% 1.6% 2.6% 1.0% 1.3% 0.4% 0.4% 33.6% 100.0% 50.2% 49.8% 14.8% 5.0% *Inland demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss. Consumption of fuel ethanol and biodiesel is also included. than 0.05%. Notes: Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics are accounted for by stock changes, consumption of non-petroleum additives and substitute fuels, and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data. Growth rates are adjusted for leap years. ◆Less 11
  • 14. Production by region Consumption by region Million barrels daily Million barrels daily 100 80 40 30 20 20 10 12 50 30 07 60 40 02 70 50 97 80 60 92 90 70 87 100 90 Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Europe & Eurasia S. & Cent. America North America 10 0 87 92 97 02 07 12 0 World oil production increased by 1.9 million b/d in 2012, more than double the growth of global consumption. US output grew by 1 million b/d, the largest increase in the world and in the country’s history. The recovery in Libyan production drove robust growth in African output. Global oil consumption grew by just 890,000 b/d, with declines in Europe and North America offsetting gains elsewhere. Consumption per capita 2012 Tonnes 0-0.75 0.75-1.5 1.5-2.25 2.25-3.0 > 3.0 12
  • 15. Regional consumption by product group Thousand barrels daily North America Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total North America of which: US Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total US S. & Cent. America Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total S. & Cent. America Europe Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Europe Former Soviet Union Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Former Soviet Union Middle East Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Middle East Africa Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Africa Asia Pacific Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Asia Pacific of which: China Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total China Japan Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Japan World Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total World OECD Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total OECD Non-OECD Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Non-OECD European Union Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total European Union 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Change 2012 over 2011 2012 share of total 10514 6654 1187 5442 23797 10666 6860 1253 5392 24170 10978 7133 1340 5572 25023 11019 7249 1396 5455 25119 11131 7297 1055 5519 25002 11200 7318 1081 5509 25109 10859 6934 941 5126 23860 10839 6284 799 5037 22959 10943 6565 764 5192 23464 10697 6694 745 5260 23397 10594 6417 635 5394 23040 -1.0% -4.1% -14.8% 2.5% -1.5% 46.0% 27.9% 2.8% 23.4% 100.0% 9167 5735 686 4172 19761 9275 5886 763 4109 20033 9518 6116 859 4239 20732 9548 6198 914 4143 20802 9599 6226 683 4178 20687 9597 6199 718 4166 20680 9253 5801 609 3827 19490 9257 5241 505 3766 18769 9263 5464 487 3921 19134 9022 5518 459 3951 18949 8955 5281 343 3976 18555 -0.7% -4.3% -25.3% 0.6% -2.1% 48.3% 28.5% 1.8% 21.4% 100.0% 1401 1706 752 1146 5004 1379 1711 702 1068 4860 1397 1854 707 1101 5059 1462 1866 709 1148 5185 1494 1893 726 1218 5332 1584 2082 739 1246 5651 1663 2153 741 1335 5892 1765 2126 723 1307 5921 1830 2343 695 1354 6222 1848 2451 676 1430 6405 1898 2535 678 1422 6533 2.7% 3.4% 0.3% -0.6% 2.0% 29.1% 38.8% 10.4% 21.8% 100.0% 4125 6939 1866 3040 15970 4025 7129 1831 3065 16051 3987 7338 1751 3118 16194 3887 7527 1746 3184 16344 3756 7703 1711 3235 16406 3681 7583 1611 3205 16081 3477 7802 1545 3134 15959 3390 7531 1379 2960 15260 3350 7547 1257 2940 15094 3126 7521 1189 2876 14712 2976 7389 1063 2724 14152 -4.8% -1.8% -10.6% -5.3% -3.8% 21.0% 52.2% 7.5% 19.2% 100.0% 1056 1039 635 863 3593 1093 1085 598 1015 3791 1095 1113 535 1061 3805 1110 1142 515 1031 3798 1147 1194 567 997 3906 1228 1267 459 1027 3981 1283 1336 427 1012 4059 1243 1191 399 1056 3889 1283 1292 388 1000 3963 1290 1417 401 1154 4261 1352 1453 418 1169 4391 4.8% 2.5% 4.2% 1.3% 3.1% 30.8% 33.1% 9.5% 26.6% 100.0% 1175 1740 1374 1163 5452 1242 1800 1398 1247 5686 1341 1918 1432 1334 6026 1417 2047 1477 1393 6335 1495 2085 1484 1385 6449 1516 2195 1567 1418 6696 1645 2294 1721 1525 7185 1696 2386 1844 1600 7526 1784 2437 1918 1723 7861 1825 2533 1892 1741 7992 1886 2753 1916 1799 8354 3.4% 8.7% 1.2% 3.3% 4.5% 22.6% 33.0% 22.9% 21.5% 100.0% 602 1135 388 443 2568 643 1166 393 445 2646 678 1195 409 485 2767 701 1248 456 506 2911 690 1299 425 506 2920 710 1398 432 528 3068 767 1483 426 542 3218 799 1509 436 559 3302 854 1576 470 563 3463 827 1569 412 550 3359 873 1641 431 577 3523 5.7% 4.6% 4.6% 4.9% 4.9% 24.8% 46.6% 12.2% 16.4% 100.0% 6198 8182 3383 4323 22086 6446 8352 3514 4567 22880 6800 8792 3536 4997 24124 6952 9031 3515 5037 24535 7149 9117 3630 5228 25124 7539 9272 3731 5447 25989 7547 9387 3612 5335 25881 7869 9452 3343 5542 26205 8584 9914 3407 5862 27766 8888 10300 3417 6148 28754 9281 10487 3633 6379 29781 4.4% 1.8% 6.3% 3.7% 3.6% 31.2% 35.2% 12.2% 21.4% 100.0% 1359 1785 783 1335 5262 1498 1938 869 1467 5771 1681 2277 943 1837 6738 1787 2518 893 1745 6944 1900 2713 945 1881 7439 2036 2869 973 1946 7823 2125 3079 900 1843 7947 2230 3178 865 1955 8229 2726 3430 923 2194 9272 2985 3660 764 2341 9750 3182 3741 820 2477 10221 6.6% 2.2% 7.4% 5.8% 4.8% 31.1% 36.6% 8.0% 24.2% 100.0% 1728 1944 632 1053 5357 1755 1918 749 1039 5461 1766 1869 653 1019 5308 1817 1878 676 1021 5391 1794 1760 657 999 5210 1770 1621 657 1005 5053 1650 1502 707 1024 4882 1669 1380 450 931 4429 1727 1391 442 913 4473 1659 1343 577 887 4465 1632 1360 811 911 4714 -1.6% 1.3% 40.7% 2.7% 5.6% 34.6% 28.9% 17.2% 19.3% 100.0% 25071 27395 9584 16421 78470 25495 28103 9689 16799 80085 26275 29343 9710 17667 82996 26548 30110 9815 17755 84228 26860 30590 9600 18089 85138 27460 31116 9619 18380 86575 27241 31389 9414 18008 86052 27600 30478 8924 18061 85064 28627 31673 8899 18634 87833 28501 32486 8733 19160 88879 28862 32675 8773 19463 89774 1.3% 0.6% 0.5% 1.6% 1.0% 32.1% 36.4% 9.8% 21.7% 100.0% 17621 16542 4086 10072 48322 17733 16912 4230 10041 48915 17979 17330 4137 10241 49687 18018 17669 4201 10176 50064 18008 17783 3797 10291 49880 18097 17609 3715 10260 49682 17408 17304 3506 9851 48070 17375 16228 2907 9532 46042 17547 16573 2722 9618 46460 17075 16669 2746 9628 46117 16890 16332 2746 9620 45587 -1.1% -2.0% -0.1% -1.2% 37.0% 35.8% 6.0% 21.1% 100.0% 7450 10853 5498 6348 30149 7762 11191 5459 6758 31170 8296 12014 5573 7426 33309 8530 12441 5614 7579 34164 8852 12807 5802 7798 35259 9363 13507 5904 8120 36893 9833 14085 5908 8157 37983 10225 14250 6017 8529 39021 11080 15100 6177 9016 41373 11425 15817 5987 9532 42762 11972 16344 6028 9843 44187 4.8% 3.3% 0.7% 3.3% 3.3% 27.1% 37.0% 13.6% 22.3% 100.0% 3869 6412 1673 2755 14708 3787 6585 1629 2757 14759 3739 6773 1590 2790 14891 3649 6942 1591 2839 15021 3511 7074 1574 2864 15023 3460 6938 1489 2814 14700 3274 7119 1440 2777 14610 3169 6853 1279 2580 13880 3128 6882 1186 2545 13741 2917 6846 1113 2501 13377 2776 6691 987 2342 12796 -4.8% -2.3% -11.3% -6.4% -4.3% 21.7% 52.3% 7.7% 18.3% 100.0% ◆ ◆Less than 0.05%. Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures. ‘Light distillates’ consists of aviation and motor gasolines and light distillate feedstock (LDF). ‘Middle distillates’ consists of jet and heating kerosenes, and gas and diesel oils (including marine bunkers). ‘Fuel oil’ includes marine bunkers and crude oil used directly as fuel. ‘Others’ consists of refinery gas, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), solvents, petroleum coke, lubricants, bitumen, wax, other refined products and refinery fuel and loss. 13
  • 16. Product consumption by region Million barrels daily Light distillates Middle distillates 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 15 10 5 05 20 10 04 25 15 03 30 20 02 30 Europe S. & Cent. America North America 35 25 Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Former Soviet Union 35 5 0 Fuel oil 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 0 Others 35 30 07 08 09 10 11 12 10 5 06 15 10 05 20 15 04 25 20 03 30 25 02 35 5 0 02 03 04 05 06 07 Rotterdam product prices 09 10 11 12 0 US Gulf Coast product prices US dollars per barrel 08 US dollars per barrel 160 Gasoline Gas oil Heavy fuel oil 140 160 Gasoline Gas oil Heavy fuel oil 140 120 100 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 40 20 98 60 40 97 80 60 96 100 80 95 120 20 0 Source: Platts. 14 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 0 Source: Platts.
  • 17. Spot crude prices Dubai $/bbl* 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Brent $/bbl† Nigerian Forcados $/bbl West Texas Intermediate $/bbl‡ 10.70 11.63 12.38 13.03 29.75 35.69 34.32 31.80 28.78 28.06 27.53 13.10 16.95 13.27 15.62 20.45 16.63 17.17 14.93 14.74 16.10 18.52 18.23 12.21 17.25 26.20 22.81 23.74 26.78 33.64 49.35 61.50 68.19 94.34 61.39 78.06 106.18 109.08 US dollars per barrel – 12.80 13.92 14.02 31.61 36.83 35.93 32.97 29.55 28.78 27.56 14.43 18.44 14.92 18.23 23.73 20.00 19.32 16.97 15.82 17.02 20.67 19.09 12.72 17.97 28.50 24.44 25.02 28.83 38.27 54.52 65.14 72.39 97.26 61.67 79.50 111.26 111.67 – 12.87 14.21 13.65 29.25 36.98 36.18 33.29 29.54 28.14 27.75 14.46 18.39 15.00 18.30 23.85 20.11 19.61 17.41 16.25 17.26 21.16 19.33 12.62 18.00 28.42 24.23 25.04 28.66 38.13 55.69 67.07 74.48 101.43 63.35 81.05 113.65 114.21 – 12.23 14.22 14.55 25.08 37.96 36.08 33.65 30.30 29.39 27.98 15.10 19.18 15.97 19.68 24.50 21.54 20.57 18.45 17.21 18.42 22.16 20.61 14.39 19.31 30.37 25.93 26.16 31.07 41.49 56.59 66.02 72.20 100.06 61.92 79.45 95.04 94.13 *1975-1985 Arabian Light, 1986-2012 Dubai dated. †1976-1983 Forties, 1984-2012 Brent dated. ‡1976-1983 Posted WTI prices, 1984-2012 Spot WTI (Cushing) prices. Source: Platts. Crude oil prices 1861-2012 US dollars per barrel World events Yom Kippur war Post-war reconstruction Fears of shortage in US Growth of Venezuelan production Pennsylvanian oil boom Russian oil exports began East Texas field discovered Discovery of Sumatra production Spindletop, Texas began Iranian revolution Loss of Iranian supplies Netback pricing introduced Suez crisis Iraq invaded Kuwait Asian financial crisis Invasion of Iraq ‘Arab Spring’ 120 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 1861-69 1870-79 $ 2012 $ money of the day 1880-89 1890-99 1900-09 1910-19 1920-29 1930-39 1940-49 1950-59 1960-69 1970-79 1980-89 1990-99 2000-09 2010-19 0 1861-1944 US average. 1945-1983 Arabian Light posted at Ras Tanura. 1984-2012 Brent dated. 15
  • 18. Refinery capacities Thousand barrels daily* US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Netherlands Antilles Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Belgium France Germany Greece Italy Netherlands Norway Russian Federation Spain Sweden Turkey United Kingdom Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Iraq Kuwait Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Total Africa Australia China India Indonesia Japan Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Change 2012 over 2011 2012 share of total 16757 1923 1463 20143 619 1854 320 1269 2234 6296 803 1987 2286 412 2485 1282 310 5466 1330 422 713 1785 5706 24987 1597 750 814 1814 711 1248 6934 3189 829 5933 2303 1092 4728 1255 2598 1159 1068 1487 22451 83998 44907 39091 15701 7951 16894 1959 1463 20316 620 1915 320 1269 2229 6353 805 1967 2304 412 2485 1282 310 5340 1347 422 713 1813 5623 24823 1607 750 914 1894 645 1248 7058 3138 756 6295 2293 1057 4645 1255 2598 1159 1068 1416 22541 84228 44986 39242 15739 7745 17125 1915 1463 20503 623 1915 320 1284 2235 6377 782 1982 2320 412 2497 1284 310 5343 1372 422 693 1848 5599 24864 1642 750 936 2079 620 1248 7275 3051 763 6603 2558 1057 4531 1255 2598 1159 1068 1410 23001 85072 45133 39939 15813 7728 17339 1896 1463 20698 627 1916 320 1291 2251 6405 778 1978 2322 418 2515 1274 310 5405 1377 422 613 1819 5562 24794 1642 753 936 2107 620 1248 7306 3138 711 7165 2558 1057 4531 1255 2598 1159 1078 1439 23551 85892 45204 40688 15821 7730 17443 1914 1463 20821 623 1916 320 1294 2260 6413 774 1959 2390 425 2526 1274 310 5488 1362 422 613 1836 5450 24828 1727 758 936 2107 620 1298 7446 2990 694 7865 2872 1127 4588 1255 2633 1140 1125 1448 24747 87245 45453 41792 15851 7753 17594 1907 1463 20964 634 1935 320 1303 2310 6502 745 1962 2390 425 2497 1236 310 5501 1362 422 613 1819 5487 24770 1772 765 936 2107 625 1381 7586 3007 733 8399 2983 1150 4650 1255 2671 1197 1125 1460 25623 88451 45673 42778 15779 7767 17672 1951 1463 21086 634 2045 320 1303 2356 6658 745 1971 2366 425 2396 1280 310 5422 1362 422 613 1827 5473 24612 1805 754 936 2107 680 1390 7672 3121 734 8722 2992 1052 4650 1385 2712 1197 1195 1472 26111 89259 45774 43485 15653 7738 17584 1976 1463 21023 636 2093 320 1303 2326 6678 823 1873 2362 425 2396 1280 310 5401 1362 422 613 1757 5515 24538 1860 786 936 2107 700 1536 7925 2982 734 9479 3574 1085 4630 1385 2712 1197 1255 1621 27671 90817 45628 45189 15552 7743 17736 1951 1463 21151 640 2093 320 1303 2295 6651 813 1702 2091 440 2396 1274 310 5508 1416 422 613 1757 5629 24372 1860 907 936 2107 700 1541 8051 3175 740 10302 3703 1139 4291 1385 2712 1197 1260 1654 28383 91782 45109 46673 15253 7876 17322 2046 1606 20974 649 2010 320 1303 2201 6483 823 1610 2077 495 2311 1276 310 5569 1416 434 613 1787 5536 24259 1860 996 936 2117 705 1553 8167 3123 742 10834 3795 1141 4274 1395 2860 1197 1260 1673 29170 92176 45007 47168 15171 7843 17388 2063 1606 21057 654 2000 320 1303 1635 5912 792 1478 2097 498 2200 1274 310 5754 1537 434 613 1631 5248 23865 1892 1042 936 2122 710 1553 8255 3323 663 11547 4099 1142 4254 1395 2887 1197 1260 1676 30119 92531 44686 47845 14797 7853 0.4% 0.8% – 0.4% 0.8% -0.5% – – -25.7% -8.8% -3.8% -8.2% 0.9% 0.6% -4.8% -0.1% – 3.3% 8.5% – – -8.8% -5.2% -1.6% 1.7% 4.6% – 0.2% 0.7% – 1.1% 6.4% -10.6% 6.6% 8.0% 0.1% -0.5% – 1.0% – – 0.2% 3.3% 0.4% -0.7% 1.4% -2.5% 0.1% 18.8% 2.2% 1.7% 22.8% 0.7% 2.2% 0.3% 1.4% 1.8% 6.4% 0.9% 1.6% 2.3% 0.5% 2.4% 1.4% 0.3% 6.2% 1.7% 0.5% 0.7% 1.8% 5.7% 25.8% 2.0% 1.1% 1.0% 2.3% 0.8% 1.7% 8.9% 3.6% 0.7% 12.5% 4.4% 1.2% 4.6% 1.5% 3.1% 1.3% 1.4% 1.8% 32.6% 100.0% 48.3% 51.7% 16.0% 8.5% *Atmospheric distillation capacity on a calendar-day basis. Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures. Source: Includes data from ICIS Parpinelli Tecnon. Refinery throughputs Thousand barrels daily* US Canada Mexico S. & Cent. America Europe & Eurasia Middle East Africa Australasia China India Japan Other Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Change 2012 over 2011 2012 share of total 14947 1862 1390 4918 19431 5484 2377 855 4395 2212 3986 6638 68496 39017 29479 13443 5060 15304 1880 1436 5009 19920 5602 2301 823 4823 2380 4118 6886 70482 39814 30667 13687 5276 15475 1957 1436 5401 20371 5796 2304 820 5382 2559 4038 7355 72893 40368 32526 14029 5417 15220 1883 1415 5378 20736 6008 2491 757 5916 2561 4136 7474 73976 40166 33809 14105 5713 15242 1835 1407 5334 20783 6300 2372 749 6155 2860 4026 7469 74533 39980 34553 13945 5873 15156 1908 1395 5456 20716 6397 2372 767 6563 3107 3995 7493 75325 39720 35605 13705 6017 14648 1839 1392 5363 20635 6396 2456 756 6953 3213 3946 7351 74949 38791 36159 13595 6188 14336 1773 1392 4889 19509 6297 2293 762 7488 3641 3627 7229 73234 36975 36260 12586 6170 14724 1832 1184 4834 19595 6396 2449 756 8571 3899 3619 7434 75293 37242 38051 12514 6367 14806 1734 1166 5047 19507 6519 2149 789 9059 4085 3410 7486 75757 36926 38831 12206 6565 15006 1796 1199 4624 19459 6444 2201 779 9371 4302 3400 7652 76233 37087 39146 12049 6665 1.4% 3.6% 2.8% -8.4% -0.2% -1.1% 2.4% -1.2% 3.4% 5.3% -0.3% 2.2% 0.6% 0.4% 0.8% -1.3% 1.5% 19.7% 2.4% 1.6% 6.1% 25.5% 8.5% 2.9% 1.0% 12.3% 5.6% 4.5% 10.0% 100.0% 48.6% 51.4% 15.8% 8.7% *Input to primary distillation units only. Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures. 16 Source: Includes data from Energy Security Analysis, Inc. (ESAI).
  • 19. Refinery utilization Percentage 100 90 80 70 60 North America S. & Cent. America Europe Former Soviet Union Middle East Africa Asia Pacific World 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 50 12 40 Global crude runs grew by 0.5 million b/d in 2012, with increases in China, India and the US more than offsetting declines in Europe and South & Central America. Global refining capacity growth of a net 0.4 million b/d masks large additions in Asia Pacific and significant capacity reductions in Europe and the Caribbean. Global average refinery utilization improved marginally to 82.4%, the highest since 2008. Regional refining margins US dollars per barrel 25 USGC Heavy Sour Coking NWE Light Sweet Cracking Singapore Medium Sour Hydrocracking 20 15 10 5 0 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 -5 Note: The refining margins presented are benchmark margins for three major global refining centres: US Gulf Coast (USGC), North West Europe (NWE – Rotterdam) and Singapore. In each case they are based on a single crude oil appropriate for that region and have optimized product yields based on a generic refinery configuration (cracking, hydrocracking or coking), again appropriate for that region. The margins are on a semi-variable basis, i.e. the margin after all variable costs and fixed energy costs. 17
  • 20. Trade movements 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Change 2012 over 2011 2012 share of total 11357 11895 5070 16291 44613 12254 11993 5314 17191 46752 12898 12538 5203 18651 49290 13525 13261 5225 19172 51182 13612 13461 5201 20287 52561 13632 13953 5032 22937 55554 12872 13751 4925 23078 54626 11453 12486 4263 24132 52333 11689 12094 4567 25160 53510 11338 12208 4494 26570 54610 10587 12488 4743 27496 55314 -6.6% 2.3% 5.5% 3.5% 1.3% 19.1% 22.6% 8.6% 49.7% 100.0% 904 1959 1966 2965 2234 5370 18062 2620 3134 3848 1551 44613 921 2096 2115 2942 2066 6003 18943 2715 3612 3978 1361 46752 991 2148 2070 3233 1993 6440 19630 2917 4048 4189 1631 49290 1129 2201 2065 3528 2149 7076 19821 3070 4358 4243 1542 51182 1317 2330 2102 3681 2173 7155 20204 3225 4704 4312 1359 52561 1439 2457 1975 3570 2273 8334 19680 3336 4830 6004 1656 55554 1967 2498 1609 3616 2023 8184 20128 3260 4587 5392 1363 54626 1947 2518 1449 3748 2034 7972 18409 2938 4364 5631 1323 52333 2154 2599 1539 3568 1888 8544 18883 2871 4601 6226 637 53510 2497 2798 1487 3764 2053 8791 19753 1949 4654 6217 646 54610 2680 3056 1366 3834 2174 8597 19699 2604 4564 6419 322 55314 7.3% 9.2% -8.2% 1.8% 5.9% -2.2% -0.3% 33.6% -1.9% 3.2% -50.2% 1.3% 4.8% 5.5% 2.5% 6.9% 3.9% 15.5% 35.6% 4.7% 8.3% 11.6% 0.6% 100.0% Thousand barrels daily Imports US Europe Japan Rest of World Total World Exports US Canada Mexico S. & Cent. America Europe Former Soviet Union Middle East North Africa West Africa Asia Pacific† Rest of World Total World †Excludes Japan. Excludes trade between other Asia Pacific countries and India prior to 2007. North and West African exports excludes intra-Africa trade. Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures. Inter-area movements 2012 To Million tonnes From US Canada Mexico S. & Cent. America Europe Former Soviet Union Middle East North Africa West Africa East & Southern Africa Australasia China India Japan Singapore Other Asia Pacific Total imports S. & Cent. Mexico America US Canada – 146.5 51.4 98.3 26.7 26.4 108.0 16.8 42.9 0.1 0.3 0.2 1.9 – 0.1 5.2 524.5 7.8 – 1.2 0.7 6.1 0.2 7.7 7.5 4.2 – – 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 – 35.8 23.7 – – 0.7 2.6 – 0.6 – – – – – – 0.1 – 0.1 27.9 – 2955 1031 1978 555 545 2163 341 861 1 6 3 40 – 2 106 10587 162 – 25 14 123 5 155 149 84 – – 2 2 1 3 – 725 495 – – 14 54 – 12 – – – – – – 3 – 3 581 Europe Africa Australasia 44.8 0.2 1.0 – 8.0 1.3 6.1 4.3 9.6 0.4 0.4 5.5 4.3 0.1 0.1 1.2 87.3 28.8 2.7 9.4 20.9 – 286.5 112.2 78.3 65.5 † † 0.6 8.1 0.1 1.1 3.4 617.7 3.7 † – 0.4 22.8 3.1 21.1 – – – † 1.0 8.5 – 0.6 1.2 62.4 0.2 † – – 0.2 1.3 6.6 1.3 5.9 † – † 0.2 1.6 11.2 18.4 46.9 6.0 1.5 1.1 31.5 1.0 59.7 144.4 11.0 51.6 3.0 7.7 – 0.5 1.8 6.7 26.8 354.2 0.9 † 3.8 22.7 0.3 2.5 123.1 4.5 27.3 0.2 0.2 0.5 – 0.1 1.5 5.1 192.6 4.9 0.6 † 1.6 0.9 9.3 176.1 0.9 4.9 0.6 3.0 0.5 2.9 – 0.4 28.4 234.9 934 4 21 – 165 27 124 88 192 8 8 115 89 2 2 25 1803 601 55 188 424 – 5792 2261 1577 1313 1 1 13 169 2 23 70 12488 77 ‡ – 7 473 64 425 – – – ‡ 21 177 – 11 26 1281 4 ‡ – – 4 25 133 26 119 ‡ – 1 3 34 233 372 954 125 30 22 636 21 1215 2900 221 1033 59 157 – 11 37 140 556 7162 18 ‡ 75 455 6 49 2474 89 548 4 5 10 – 3 32 103 3871 102 13 ‡ 33 18 187 3543 18 98 12 60 10 60 – 8 581 4743 China India Other Asia Pacific Rest of World Total 5.8 † 0.1 10.9 10.8 6.8 55.4 0.4 0.1 0.6 2.6 2.5 10.1 3.4 – 34.5 144.0 0.9 † 0.1 2.2 13.7 17.0 218.0 3.4 15.5 0.1 7.2 14.9 11.9 3.2 49.5 – 357.6 1.0 – – 0.1 12.0 10.2 0.3 0.8 – – † 1.3 16.3 † 0.3 1.0 43.4 128.6 151.4 68.1 190.1 105.0 424.3 979.6 129.1 227.4 5.0 21.4 27.1 64.7 10.6 71.5 125.3 2729.1 122 ‡ 2 226 225 141 1119 8 2 12 53 52 210 72 – 717 2963 19 ‡ 1 45 279 342 4385 68 315 2 145 311 248 68 1031 – 7259 22 – – 1 251 205 6 17 – – 1 26 340 ‡ 6 21 896 2680 3056 1366 3834 2174 8597 19699 2604 4564 100 436 564 1349 221 1491 2580 55314 Japan Singapore Thousand barrels daily From US Canada Mexico S. & Cent. America Europe Former Soviet Union Middle East North Africa West Africa East & Southern Africa Australasia China India Japan Singapore Other Asia Pacific Total imports †Less than 0.05. ‡Less than 0.5. 18
  • 21. Major trade movements 2012 Trade flows worldwide (million tonnes) 28.8 286.5 5 26.7 59.7 26.4 146.5 146 6 11 12.2 65.5 176.1 6.1 42.9 23.7 78 3 78.3 16.8 51.4 22 8 22.8 22.8 144 144.4 144 108.0 44.8 55.4 21.1 .1 . 98.3 26.8 123. 3. 3.1 28.4 49.5 9 218.0 34.5 20.9 18.4 US Canada Mexico S. & Cent. America Europe & Eurasia Middle East Africa Asia Pacific 27.3 51.6 22.7 31.5 Imports and exports 2012 Million tonnes Thousand barrels daily Crude imports US Canada Mexico S. & Cent. America Europe Former Soviet Union Middle East North Africa West Africa East & Southern Africa Australasia China India Japan Singapore Other Asia Pacific Total World Product imports Crude exports Product exports Crude imports Product imports Crude exports Product exports 424.0 25.7 † 19.6 474.9 † 11.1 9.3 † 14.2 28.7 271.3 177.1 186.7 47.3 237.4 1927.3 100.5 10.1 27.9 67.7 142.8 5.5 26.8 15.0 11.4 12.5 18.2 83.0 15.5 48.2 96.7 120.2 801.8 1.1 121.7 64.4 156.9 19.1 302.0 881.1 106.8 216.1 4.3 13.6 1.3 † † 0.6 38.3 1927.3 127.5 29.7 3.7 33.1 85.9 122.2 98.5 22.3 11.3 0.7 7.9 25.8 64.7 10.6 71.0 87.0 801.8 8491 514 ‡ 392 9512 ‡ 222 186 ‡ 285 575 5433 3547 3739 948 4755 38599 2096 211 581 1411 2976 114 559 312 238 260 379 1729 323 1004 2016 2505 16715 23 2437 1290 3143 383 6049 17646 2139 4328 86 272 26 ‡ ‡ 12 767 38599 2657 619 76 691 1791 2548 2053 465 235 15 164 538 1349 221 1479 1813 16715 †Less than 0.05. ‡Less than 0.5. Note: Bunkers are not included as exports. Intra-area movements (for example, between countries in Europe) are excluded. 19
  • 22. Natural gas Proved reserves At end 1992 Trillion cubic metres US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Bolivia Brazil Colombia Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Azerbaijan Denmark Germany Italy Kazakhstan Netherlands Norway Poland Romania Russian Federation Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Bahrain Iran Iraq Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt Libya Nigeria Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh Brunei China India Indonesia Malaysia Myanmar Pakistan Papua New Guinea Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union At end 2002 Trillion cubic metres At end 2011 Trillion cubic metres Trillion cubic feet 4.7 2.7 2.0 9.3 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 3.7 0.2 5.4 n/a 0.1 0.2 0.3 n/a 1.7 1.4 0.2 0.5 n/a n/a n/a 0.6 n/a 34.7 39.6 0.2 20.7 3.1 1.5 0.2 6.7 5.2 0.2 5.8 0.4 0.0 44.0 3.7 0.4 1.3 3.7 0.8 9.9 1.0 0.3 0.4 1.4 0.7 1.8 1.7 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.3 9.4 117.6 15.2 102.4 3.8 34.3 5.3 1.7 0.4 7.4 0.7 0.8 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.6 4.2 0.1 7.0 0.9 0.1 0.2 0.2 1.3 1.4 2.1 0.1 0.3 29.8 2.3 0.7 1.0 1.2 0.4 42.1 0.1 26.7 3.2 1.6 0.9 25.8 6.6 0.3 6.1 0.5 0.1 71.8 4.5 1.7 1.5 5.0 1.1 13.8 2.5 0.3 0.3 1.3 0.8 2.6 2.5 0.4 0.8 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.4 13.0 154.9 15.4 139.5 3.4 36.4 8.8 2.0 0.4 11.2 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.4 5.5 0.1 7.5 0.9 0.0 0.1 0.1 1.3 1.0 2.1 0.1 0.1 32.9 17.5 0.7 0.2 1.1 0.3 58.4 0.2 33.6 3.6 1.8 0.9 25.0 8.2 0.3 6.1 0.5 0.2 80.4 4.5 2.2 1.5 5.2 1.3 14.7 3.8 0.3 0.3 3.1 1.3 3.0 1.2 0.2 0.7 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.3 15.5 187.8 19.0 168.8 1.8 54.5 300.0 70.0 12.7 382.7 11.3 11.2 16.0 5.5 12.7 13.3 196.4 2.0 268.3 31.5 1.3 2.0 1.9 45.7 36.7 73.8 4.2 3.6 1162.5 618.1 22.7 8.7 39.7 10.1 2062.5 7.0 1187.3 126.7 63.0 33.5 885.1 290.8 10.1 215.1 16.9 7.3 2842.9 159.1 72.0 54.6 182.0 44.3 512.0 132.8 6.5 10.2 109.3 47.0 103.3 46.8 7.8 22.7 15.6 10.1 21.8 11.8 545.6 6614.1 658.4 5955.7 61.7 1924.1 At end 2012 Trillion cubic Share of metres total 8.5 2.0 0.4 10.8 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.4 5.6 0.1 7.6 0.9 0.0 0.1 0.1 1.3 1.0 2.1 0.1 0.1 32.9 17.5 0.6 0.2 1.1 0.3 58.4 0.2 33.6 3.6 1.8 0.9 25.1 8.2 0.3 6.1 0.5 0.2 80.5 4.5 2.0 1.5 5.2 1.3 14.5 3.8 0.2 0.3 3.1 1.3 2.9 1.3 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.3 15.5 187.3 18.6 168.6 1.7 54.5 4.5% 1.1% 0.2% 5.8% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.1% 0.2% 0.2% 3.0% ◆ 4.1% 0.5% ◆ ◆ ◆ 0.7% 0.6% 1.1% 0.1% 0.1% 17.6% 9.3% 0.3% 0.1% 0.6% 0.2% 31.2% 0.1% 18.0% 1.9% 1.0% 0.5% 13.4% 4.4% 0.2% 3.3% 0.3% 0.1% 43.0% 2.4% 1.1% 0.8% 2.8% 0.7% 7.7% 2.0% 0.1% 0.2% 1.7% 0.7% 1.6% 0.7% 0.1% 0.3% 0.2% 0.2% 0.3% 0.2% 8.2% 100.0% 10.0% 90.0% 0.9% 29.1% R/P ratio 12.5 12.7 6.2 12.1 8.5 17.0 26.0 12.9 27.9 8.9 * 15.5 42.8 57.1 5.9 6.1 7.0 65.6 16.3 18.2 28.3 9.3 55.6 * 34.6 6.0 19.7 29.2 56.4 14.0 * * * 32.8 * 80.1 37.5 * 63.1 78.0 * 55.3 33.5 * * 68.1 67.1 76.6 8.4 22.9 28.9 33.1 41.2 20.3 17.4 15.5 * 6.9 65.6 18.6 31.5 55.7 15.4 78.4 11.7 71.0 *More than 100 years. ◆Less than 0.05%. n/a not available. Notes: Proved reserves of natural gas – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions. Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves would last if production were to continue at that rate. Source of data – The estimates in this table have been compiled using a combination of primary official sources and third-party data from Cedigaz and the OPEC Secretariat. 20
  • 23. Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios Years History 2012 by region 200 North America S. & Cent. America Europe & Eurasia Africa 800 Middle East Asia Pacific World 160 600 120 400 80 200 40 North America S. & Cent. America Europe & Eurasia Middle East Africa Asia Pacific 0 82 87 92 97 02 07 12 0 World proved natural gas reserves at end-2012 stood at 187.3 trillion cubic metres, sufficient to meet 55.7 years of global production. Proved reserves declined by 0.3% relative to end-2011 data, the first annual decline in our data set. Revisions were made to the earlier published estimates for proved reserves in the Former Soviet Union (FSU) countries, which lowered the FSU R/P ratio to 71 years, from 96.3 years at end-2011 in last year’s edition. Distribution of proved reserves in 1992, 2002 and 2012 Percentage Middle East Europe & Eurasia Asia Pacific Africa North America S. & Cent. America 4.1 43.0 5.8 4.5 46.3 7.7 4.8 4.6 37.4 8.9 7.9 8.4 8.0 8.2 8.4 1992 Total 117.6 trillion cubic metres 2002 Total 154.9 trillion cubic metres 2012 Total 187.3 trillion cubic metres 33.7 27.1 31.2 21
  • 24. Production* Billion cubic metres US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Bolivia Brazil Colombia Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Azerbaijan Denmark Germany Italy Kazakhstan Netherlands Norway Poland Romania Russian Federation Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Bahrain Iran Iraq Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt Libya Nigeria Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh Brunei China India Indonesia Malaysia Myanmar Pakistan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union *Excluding gas flared or recycled. 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 536.0 187.9 39.7 763.6 36.1 4.9 9.2 6.2 0.4 19.3 28.4 3.3 107.9 4.7 8.4 17.0 13.4 9.1 60.3 65.5 4.0 13.2 538.8 48.4 17.0 103.6 51.9 11.2 966.5 9.5 75.0 2.4 9.5 15.0 29.5 56.7 6.1 43.4 – 0.3 247.2 80.4 27.3 5.9 18.0 6.6 138.2 32.6 11.4 11.5 32.7 27.6 69.7 48.3 8.4 24.6 20.5 2.4 10.8 300.5 2523.9 1087.2 1436.8 227.6 670.2 540.8 184.7 41.7 767.2 41.0 6.4 10.0 6.1 0.5 27.0 25.2 3.1 119.4 4.6 8.0 17.7 12.7 11.9 58.1 73.1 4.0 13.0 561.5 53.5 17.6 102.9 52.0 10.6 1001.2 9.6 81.5 1.6 11.0 16.5 31.4 60.1 6.2 44.8 – 0.3 262.9 82.8 30.1 5.5 22.5 7.2 148.2 33.2 12.3 12.4 35.0 29.5 73.2 51.8 9.6 30.4 21.5 2.4 10.6 322.0 2620.7 1093.8 1526.9 223.6 701.4 526.4 183.7 43.4 753.6 44.9 9.8 11.0 6.4 0.9 30.2 28.4 3.1 134.7 4.5 9.4 16.4 11.9 13.1 68.5 78.6 4.4 12.8 573.3 52.8 18.4 96.4 54.2 11.0 1025.5 9.8 84.9 1.0 11.9 18.5 39.2 65.7 6.4 46.3 – 1.5 285.1 82.0 33.0 8.1 24.5 8.9 156.4 35.3 12.8 12.2 41.5 29.2 70.3 53.9 10.2 34.5 22.4 4.2 10.0 336.4 2691.6 1092.2 1599.3 227.3 716.6 511.1 187.1 52.3 750.6 45.6 11.9 10.9 6.7 1.5 33.0 27.4 3.4 140.5 5.2 10.4 15.8 11.1 13.5 62.5 85.1 4.3 12.4 580.1 57.0 18.6 88.2 54.0 10.9 1029.1 10.7 103.5 1.5 12.2 19.8 45.8 71.2 5.5 47.8 – 1.9 319.9 88.2 42.5 11.3 25.0 9.9 177.0 37.1 13.8 12.0 49.3 29.6 71.2 61.1 12.2 35.5 23.7 6.4 11.0 363.0 2780.0 1083.8 1696.3 212.0 728.7 524.0 188.4 57.3 769.7 46.1 12.9 11.2 7.0 1.8 40.1 31.5 3.8 154.3 6.1 10.4 15.6 10.1 13.9 61.6 87.9 4.3 11.9 595.2 60.4 18.7 80.0 54.5 11.5 1042.1 11.3 108.6 1.5 12.5 23.7 50.7 73.5 5.6 49.0 – 2.6 339.0 84.5 54.7 13.2 29.7 10.4 192.5 38.9 15.1 12.6 58.6 29.3 70.3 63.3 12.6 36.1 24.3 7.0 14.6 382.6 2880.1 1097.7 1782.4 201.3 749.0 545.6 182.7 53.7 781.9 44.8 13.8 11.2 7.5 2.7 42.2 29.5 3.9 155.7 9.8 9.2 14.3 8.9 16.7 60.5 89.7 4.3 11.5 592.0 65.4 18.7 72.1 59.1 10.8 1043.2 11.8 111.9 1.5 12.1 24.0 63.2 74.4 5.6 50.3 – 3.0 357.8 84.8 55.7 15.3 36.0 12.3 204.1 40.0 15.9 12.3 69.2 30.1 67.6 64.6 13.5 36.8 26.0 7.1 17.4 400.5 2943.2 1100.7 1842.5 187.5 762.0 570.8 176.6 53.4 800.8 44.1 14.3 14.0 9.1 3.4 42.0 30.0 3.7 160.4 14.8 10.1 13.0 8.5 18.7 66.6 99.3 4.1 11.4 601.7 66.1 19.0 73.5 62.2 10.3 1079.3 12.7 116.3 1.9 12.8 24.1 77.0 80.4 5.3 50.2 – 3.6 384.2 85.8 59.0 15.9 35.7 15.8 212.2 38.3 17.0 12.2 80.3 30.5 69.7 64.7 12.4 37.5 28.8 7.5 18.3 417.1 3054.0 1134.1 1919.9 193.3 782.7 584.0 164.0 59.4 807.4 41.4 12.3 11.7 10.5 3.5 43.6 28.7 4.2 155.9 14.8 8.4 12.2 7.3 17.8 62.7 104.8 4.1 11.3 527.7 36.4 19.2 62.4 60.0 9.7 958.8 12.8 131.2 1.2 11.5 24.8 89.3 78.5 5.6 48.8 0.8 3.0 407.3 79.6 62.7 15.9 26.0 16.3 200.4 42.3 18.5 11.4 85.3 39.2 71.9 63.4 11.6 38.4 30.9 8.0 18.6 439.6 2969.3 1131.4 1837.9 174.3 676.0 603.6 159.9 57.6 821.1 40.1 14.2 14.4 11.3 7.2 44.8 31.0 3.6 166.6 15.1 8.2 10.6 7.6 17.6 70.5 107.7 4.1 10.9 588.9 42.4 18.1 59.7 59.6 10.2 1031.2 13.1 146.2 1.3 11.7 27.1 116.7 87.7 8.0 51.3 6.2 3.4 472.7 80.4 61.3 16.8 37.3 18.4 214.3 45.6 19.9 12.3 94.8 50.8 82.0 65.2 12.4 39.6 36.3 9.4 18.1 486.5 3192.3 1155.2 2037.1 177.8 741.9 648.5 159.7 58.3 866.5 38.8 16.5 16.7 11.0 11.3 42.9 31.3 3.1 171.5 14.8 7.1 10.0 7.7 19.3 64.2 101.7 4.3 10.9 607.0 59.5 18.6 47.6 57.0 10.2 1039.9 13.3 151.8 0.9 13.5 26.5 145.3 92.3 8.7 52.3 9.6 4.4 518.7 82.7 61.4 7.9 40.6 18.6 211.2 45.0 20.1 12.8 102.7 46.1 75.9 65.3 12.8 39.2 37.0 8.5 18.4 483.6 3291.3 1174.0 2117.3 157.9 776.5 681.4 156.5 58.5 896.4 37.7 18.7 17.4 12.0 12.9 42.2 32.8 3.6 177.3 15.6 6.4 9.0 7.8 19.7 63.9 114.9 4.2 10.9 592.3 64.4 18.6 41.0 56.9 9.8 1035.4 14.2 160.5 0.8 14.5 29.0 157.0 102.8 7.6 51.7 7.6 2.7 548.4 81.5 60.9 12.2 43.2 18.4 216.2 49.0 21.8 12.6 107.2 40.2 71.1 65.2 12.7 41.5 41.4 9.4 18.1 490.2 3363.9 1211.5 2152.5 149.6 767.7 Change 2012 over 2011 2012 share of total 4.7% -2.3% 0.1% 3.1% -3.0% 13.4% 3.7% 9.0% 13.7% -1.8% 4.7% 14.4% 3.1% 5.1% -9.4% -9.8% 1.7% 2.0% -0.8% 12.6% -1.1% 20.4% 4.6% 1.7% 26.8% 1.1% 0.6% 0.5% 0.4% 0.4% 1.3% 1.0% 0.1% 5.3% 0.5% 0.2% 0.3% 0.2% 0.6% 1.9% 3.4% 0.1% 0.3% 17.6% 1.9% 0.6% 1.2% 1.7% 0.3% 30.7% 0.4% 4.8% ◆ -2.7% 7.8% -0.8% -14.1% -0.4% -4.3% -0.7% 6.9% 5.4% -9.3% 7.2% 8.9% 7.8% 11.1% -13.4% -1.5% -21.3% -40.1% 5.4% -1.7% -1.2% 54.8% 6.2% -1.0% 2.1% 8.8% 8.2% -2.1% 4.1% -13.1% -6.6% -0.3% -0.6% 5.6% 11.5% 10.6% -1.9% 1.1% 1.9% 2.9% 1.4% -5.5% -1.4% ◆ 0.4% 0.9% 4.7% 3.0% 0.2% 1.5% 0.2% 0.1% 16.3% 2.4% 1.8% 0.4% 1.3% 0.5% 6.4% 1.5% 0.6% 0.4% 3.2% 1.2% 2.1% 1.9% 0.4% 1.2% 1.2% 0.3% 0.5% 14.5% 100.0% 36.1% 63.9% 4.4% 22.8% Source: Includes data from Cedigaz. than 0.05%. Notes: As far as possible, the data above represents standard cubic metres (measured at 15ºC and 1013 mbar); as they are derived directly from tonnes of oil equivalent using an average conversion factor, they do not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms. Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes of oil equivalent figures. Natural gas production data expressed in billion cubic feet per day is available at bp.com/statisticalreview. Growth rates are adjusted for leap years. ◆Less 22
  • 25. Consumption Billion cubic metres US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Change 2012 over 2011 2012 share of total 652.1 90.2 46.5 788.7 30.3 14.1 7.4 6.1 0.1 0.4 12.0 28.4 2.4 101.3 8.5 7.5 16.1 14.9 2.7 8.7 5.1 4.0 40.7 82.6 2.1 11.8 4.1 64.6 8.7 2.9 39.8 4.0 11.2 3.1 17.2 370.7 6.5 20.8 0.8 2.8 17.4 12.9 67.7 95.1 50.9 14.8 1020.6 79.2 † 9.5 11.1 56.7 36.4 24.6 217.6 20.2 26.5 1.0 21.8 69.6 22.4 11.4 29.2 2.9 27.6 32.9 72.7 26.2 5.6 24.6 1.8 3.6 23.1 7.4 26.9 2.4 3.6 324.3 2522.1 1371.4 1150.7 451.7 544.7 630.8 97.7 51.4 779.9 34.6 15.8 8.0 6.0 0.3 0.5 13.4 25.2 3.1 106.8 9.4 7.7 15.8 16.0 2.8 8.7 5.2 4.5 43.2 85.5 2.4 13.2 4.1 71.2 9.6 3.1 40.0 4.3 12.5 3.0 18.3 379.5 6.3 23.6 0.8 2.9 20.9 14.2 69.0 95.4 45.8 14.8 1053.9 82.9 † 11.0 12.2 60.1 37.9 25.0 229.0 21.4 29.7 1.0 22.7 74.8 22.4 12.3 33.9 1.8 29.5 35.0 79.8 27.3 4.3 30.4 2.7 4.0 24.2 7.7 28.6 2.4 4.2 350.5 2595.0 1394.9 1200.1 473.9 552.0 634.4 95.1 54.3 783.8 37.9 18.8 8.7 6.3 0.3 0.9 14.8 28.4 3.0 119.0 9.5 8.3 17.9 16.2 2.8 9.1 5.2 4.3 45.1 85.9 2.7 13.0 4.1 73.9 7.5 3.1 40.9 4.6 13.2 3.8 17.5 389.3 6.1 27.4 0.8 3.0 22.1 15.0 68.5 97.4 43.4 16.5 1078.0 86.5 1.2 11.9 15.0 65.7 40.2 26.5 247.1 22.0 31.7 2.1 25.4 81.2 22.8 12.8 39.7 2.7 31.9 32.2 77.0 24.7 3.9 34.5 2.5 5.0 28.4 9.3 29.9 4.2 4.5 365.8 2674.9 1417.1 1257.8 486.7 561.2 623.4 97.8 61.0 782.2 40.4 19.6 8.4 6.7 0.3 1.5 16.3 27.4 3.3 123.9 10.0 8.6 18.4 16.4 3.1 9.5 5.0 4.0 45.4 86.2 2.7 13.4 3.9 79.1 9.3 3.3 39.3 4.5 13.6 4.2 17.6 394.0 6.6 32.4 0.8 3.1 26.9 16.1 69.0 95.0 42.7 16.7 1100.5 105.0 1.7 12.2 18.7 71.2 42.1 28.4 279.2 23.2 31.6 3.1 27.6 85.6 22.2 13.8 46.8 2.7 35.7 33.2 78.6 31.4 3.6 35.5 3.3 6.8 30.4 9.4 32.5 6.4 5.2 397.4 2768.9 1431.9 1337.0 496.1 570.2 614.4 96.9 66.6 778.0 41.8 20.6 7.8 7.0 0.4 1.8 21.2 31.5 3.9 136.0 9.4 9.1 19.0 16.7 3.2 9.3 5.1 4.2 44.0 87.2 3.1 12.7 4.5 77.4 9.9 3.2 38.1 4.4 13.7 4.1 18.1 415.0 6.0 33.7 0.9 3.0 30.5 18.4 67.0 90.1 41.9 17.3 1120.2 108.7 2.3 12.5 19.6 73.5 43.4 31.5 291.5 23.7 36.5 3.5 25.7 89.4 24.4 15.1 56.1 2.9 37.3 33.2 83.7 33.7 3.7 36.1 2.7 7.1 32.0 10.1 33.3 7.0 5.5 424.0 2839.0 1433.3 1405.7 489.7 592.6 654.2 96.2 63.5 813.9 43.9 21.2 4.6 7.4 0.5 2.7 21.9 29.6 4.5 136.3 8.9 8.0 18.8 16.6 3.2 8.7 4.6 3.9 42.6 82.9 3.8 11.9 4.8 77.8 8.4 3.6 37.0 4.3 13.8 4.3 16.1 422.0 5.7 35.1 1.0 2.9 36.1 21.3 63.2 91.1 45.9 17.8 1125.9 113.0 2.8 12.1 19.3 74.4 49.2 32.4 303.2 24.3 38.4 3.5 29.3 95.4 26.6 15.9 70.5 2.7 40.1 31.3 90.2 33.4 4.1 36.8 3.3 8.6 34.7 10.7 35.4 7.1 6.0 457.3 2932.1 1477.7 1454.4 482.1 600.4 659.1 96.1 66.3 821.5 44.4 24.9 2.7 7.6 0.4 3.4 21.3 31.5 4.7 140.9 9.5 9.2 19.2 16.5 3.2 8.7 4.6 4.0 44.3 81.2 4.0 11.7 5.0 77.8 8.1 3.2 38.6 4.3 14.9 4.7 15.9 416.0 5.7 38.6 0.9 3.1 37.5 20.5 60.0 99.3 48.7 17.0 1136.3 119.3 4.1 12.8 19.3 80.4 59.5 36.5 331.9 25.4 40.8 3.7 30.9 100.8 25.5 17.0 81.3 3.2 41.3 33.3 93.7 33.8 3.8 37.5 3.4 8.2 35.7 11.6 37.4 7.5 5.7 480.0 3011.5 1505.4 1506.1 497.3 593.6 648.7 94.9 72.4 816.1 43.2 20.1 3.1 8.7 0.5 3.5 22.2 30.5 5.0 136.8 9.3 7.8 16.1 16.8 2.3 8.2 4.4 3.6 42.6 78.0 3.4 10.2 4.8 71.5 7.8 2.7 38.9 4.1 14.4 4.7 13.3 389.6 4.9 34.6 1.1 3.0 35.7 19.9 47.0 91.2 43.5 14.0 1049.5 131.4 4.5 12.4 20.0 78.5 59.1 38.9 344.6 27.2 42.5 3.4 26.9 100.1 25.2 18.5 89.5 3.1 51.0 37.4 87.4 33.0 4.0 38.4 3.5 8.1 33.9 11.3 39.2 8.0 5.2 496.7 2943.9 1462.6 1481.3 465.1 541.2 682.1 95.0 72.5 849.6 43.3 26.8 5.3 9.1 0.6 5.4 23.2 33.2 5.4 152.2 10.1 7.4 19.7 18.8 2.6 9.3 5.0 3.9 47.4 83.3 3.7 10.9 5.2 76.1 8.2 3.1 43.6 4.1 15.5 5.1 13.6 414.1 5.6 34.6 1.6 3.3 39.0 22.6 52.1 99.2 45.5 15.1 1129.6 144.6 5.3 14.5 19.9 87.7 60.8 44.0 376.8 26.3 45.1 3.9 32.4 107.8 25.7 19.9 106.9 3.8 61.9 40.3 94.5 34.5 4.3 39.6 3.3 8.4 43.0 14.1 45.1 9.4 5.7 560.4 3176.3 1556.2 1620.1 502.9 579.7 690.5 100.9 76.6 868.0 45.7 26.7 5.4 8.8 0.5 6.1 23.1 33.4 6.7 156.4 9.5 8.1 18.3 16.6 2.9 8.4 4.2 3.4 40.9 74.5 4.5 10.4 4.6 71.3 9.2 3.4 38.1 4.3 15.7 5.2 13.9 424.6 5.2 32.2 1.3 3.0 45.7 25.0 53.7 82.8 49.1 15.7 1105.8 153.5 5.0 17.0 21.9 92.3 62.5 42.6 394.7 27.8 49.6 3.9 32.6 114.0 25.6 20.1 130.5 3.1 61.1 37.3 105.5 32.0 3.9 39.2 3.6 8.8 46.3 15.5 46.6 8.5 6.2 593.6 3232.4 1544.0 1688.4 453.1 599.2 722.1 100.7 83.7 906.5 47.3 29.2 6.0 9.8 0.7 7.5 21.7 34.9 7.9 165.1 9.0 8.5 18.6 16.9 2.7 8.2 3.9 3.1 42.5 75.2 4.2 9.7 4.5 68.7 9.5 3.3 36.4 4.3 16.6 4.7 13.5 416.2 6.0 31.4 1.1 3.2 46.3 23.3 49.6 78.3 47.9 16.1 1083.3 156.1 2.6 17.2 26.2 102.8 62.9 44.0 411.8 30.9 52.6 3.8 35.5 122.8 25.4 21.8 143.8 2.8 54.6 35.8 116.7 33.3 4.2 41.5 3.4 8.3 50.0 16.3 51.2 9.4 6.3 625.0 3314.4 1588.3 1726.1 443.9 584.9 4.1% -0.4% 8.9% 4.0% 3.3% 8.9% 11.7% 10.9% 30.8% 21.7% -6.2% 4.4% 18.4% 5.3% -4.8% 3.7% 1.1% 1.7% -7.1% -2.9% -6.9% -10.9% 3.7% 0.7% -7.9% -6.5% -3.2% -4.0% 2.6% -2.6% -4.5% -1.0% 5.1% -9.8% -3.5% -2.2% 15.8% -2.8% -12.8% 7.6% 0.9% -7.1% -7.8% -5.7% -2.8% 1.9% -2.3% 1.4% -48.1% 0.9% 18.9% 11.1% 0.4% 3.1% 4.0% 10.8% 5.7% -4.6% 8.8% 7.5% -0.9% 8.2% 9.9% -8.2% -11.0% -4.2% 10.3% 3.9% 8.8% 5.6% -4.3% -5.5% 7.8% 4.7% 9.6% 10.6% 1.1% 5.0% 2.2% 2.5% 2.0% -2.3% -2.6% 21.9% 3.0% 2.5% 27.5% 1.4% 0.9% 0.2% 0.3% ♦ 0.2% 0.7% 1.1% 0.2% 5.0% 0.3% 0.3% 0.6% 0.5% 0.1% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1% 1.3% 2.3% 0.1% 0.3% 0.1% 2.1% 0.3% 0.1% 1.1% 0.1% 0.5% 0.1% 0.4% 12.5% 0.2% 0.9% ♦ 0.1% 1.4% 0.7% 1.5% 2.4% 1.4% 0.5% 32.6% 4.7% 0.1% 0.5% 0.8% 3.1% 1.9% 1.3% 12.4% 0.9% 1.6% 0.1% 1.1% 3.7% 0.8% 0.7% 4.3% 0.1% 1.6% 1.1% 3.5% 1.0% 0.1% 1.2% 0.1% 0.3% 1.5% 0.5% 1.5% 0.3% 0.2% 18.8% 100.0% 48.0% 52.0% 13.4% 17.6% †Less than 0.05. Source: Includes data from Cedigaz. ◆Less than 0.05%. Notes: As far as possible, the data above represents standard cubic metres (measured at 15ºC and 1013 mbar); as they are derived directly from tonnes of oil equivalent using an average conversion factor, they do not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms. The difference between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics is due to variations in stocks at storage facilities and liquefaction plants, together with unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of gas supply and demand data. Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes of oil equivalent figures. Natural gas production data expressed in billion cubic feet per day is available at bp.com/statisticalreview. Growth rates are adjusted for leap years. 23
  • 26. Production* Million tonnes oil equivalent US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Bolivia Brazil Colombia Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Azerbaijan Denmark Germany Italy Kazakhstan Netherlands Norway Poland Romania Russian Federation Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Bahrain Iran Iraq Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt Libya Nigeria Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh Brunei China India Indonesia Malaysia Myanmar Pakistan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 489.9 169.1 35.8 694.7 32.5 4.4 8.3 5.6 0.4 17.3 25.6 3.0 97.1 4.2 7.5 15.3 12.1 8.2 54.3 59.0 3.6 11.9 484.9 43.6 15.3 93.2 46.7 10.1 869.8 8.5 67.5 2.1 8.5 13.5 26.6 51.0 5.5 39.1 – 0.2 222.5 72.3 24.6 5.3 16.2 6.0 124.4 29.3 10.3 10.3 29.4 24.8 62.7 43.5 7.6 22.1 18.5 2.2 9.7 270.5 2279.0 985.9 1293.1 204.9 603.2 494.8 166.2 37.5 698.5 36.9 5.7 9.0 5.5 0.5 24.3 22.7 2.8 107.4 4.2 7.2 15.9 11.5 10.7 52.2 65.8 3.6 11.7 505.4 48.1 15.8 92.6 46.8 9.5 901.1 8.7 73.4 1.4 9.9 14.9 28.3 54.1 5.6 40.3 – 0.2 236.6 74.5 27.1 5.0 20.3 6.5 133.4 29.9 11.1 11.1 31.5 26.6 65.9 46.6 8.6 27.4 19.3 2.1 9.6 289.8 2366.7 992.4 1374.2 201.2 631.3 480.7 165.3 39.1 685.1 40.4 8.8 9.9 5.7 0.8 27.2 25.6 2.8 121.2 4.1 8.5 14.7 10.7 11.8 61.6 70.7 3.9 11.5 516.0 47.5 16.5 86.7 48.8 9.9 923.0 8.8 76.4 0.9 10.7 16.7 35.3 59.1 5.8 41.7 – 1.3 256.6 73.8 29.7 7.3 22.0 8.0 140.7 31.7 11.5 11.0 37.3 26.3 63.3 48.5 9.2 31.0 20.1 3.7 9.0 302.7 2429.3 989.9 1439.4 204.6 644.9 467.6 168.4 47.1 683.1 41.1 10.7 9.8 6.0 1.4 29.7 24.7 3.1 126.5 4.7 9.4 14.2 10.0 12.2 56.3 76.6 3.9 11.2 522.1 51.3 16.7 79.4 48.6 9.8 926.2 9.6 93.2 1.3 11.0 17.8 41.2 64.1 4.9 43.0 – 1.7 287.9 79.4 38.3 10.2 22.5 8.9 159.3 33.4 12.4 10.8 44.4 26.7 64.1 55.0 11.0 32.0 21.3 5.8 9.9 326.7 2509.6 983.0 1526.6 190.8 655.8 479.3 169.6 51.6 700.5 41.5 11.6 10.0 6.3 1.6 36.1 28.3 3.4 138.9 5.5 9.4 14.1 9.1 12.5 55.4 79.1 3.9 10.7 535.6 54.3 16.9 72.0 49.0 10.3 937.9 10.2 97.7 1.3 11.3 21.3 45.6 66.2 5.1 44.1 – 2.3 305.1 76.0 49.2 11.9 26.7 9.4 173.2 35.0 13.6 11.3 52.7 26.4 63.2 57.0 11.3 32.5 21.9 6.3 13.1 344.3 2599.9 995.7 1604.2 181.2 674.1 498.6 164.4 48.3 711.3 40.3 12.4 10.1 6.8 2.4 38.0 26.6 3.5 140.1 8.8 8.3 12.9 8.0 15.0 54.5 80.7 3.9 10.4 532.8 58.9 16.9 64.9 53.2 9.7 938.8 10.6 100.7 1.3 10.9 21.6 56.9 67.0 5.0 45.3 – 2.7 322.0 76.3 50.1 13.8 32.4 11.1 183.7 36.0 14.3 11.0 62.3 27.1 60.9 58.1 12.2 33.1 23.4 6.4 15.6 360.4 2656.5 998.2 1658.3 168.7 685.8 521.7 158.9 48.0 728.6 39.7 12.9 12.6 8.2 3.1 37.8 27.0 3.3 144.4 13.3 9.1 11.7 7.6 16.8 60.0 89.4 3.7 10.3 541.5 59.5 17.1 66.1 56.0 9.2 971.4 11.4 104.7 1.7 11.5 21.7 69.3 72.4 4.8 45.2 – 3.3 345.8 77.2 53.1 14.3 32.1 14.2 190.9 34.4 15.3 10.9 72.3 27.5 62.7 58.2 11.2 33.8 25.9 6.7 16.5 375.4 2756.6 1028.7 1727.9 174.0 704.4 532.7 147.6 53.4 733.7 37.2 11.1 10.5 9.5 3.1 39.3 25.8 3.8 140.3 13.3 7.6 11.0 6.6 16.0 56.4 94.3 3.7 10.1 474.9 32.7 17.3 56.2 54.0 8.8 862.9 11.5 118.0 1.0 10.3 22.3 80.4 70.6 5.0 43.9 0.7 2.7 366.6 71.6 56.4 14.3 23.4 14.7 180.4 38.1 16.7 10.3 76.7 35.3 64.7 57.0 10.4 34.6 27.8 7.2 16.7 395.6 2679.5 1025.4 1654.1 156.8 608.4 549.5 143.9 51.8 745.2 36.1 12.8 13.0 10.1 6.5 40.3 27.9 3.2 150.0 13.6 7.4 9.6 6.8 15.8 63.5 96.9 3.7 9.8 530.0 38.1 16.3 53.7 53.7 9.1 928.0 11.8 131.5 1.2 10.6 24.4 105.0 78.9 7.2 46.2 5.6 3.0 425.4 72.4 55.2 15.1 33.6 16.6 192.8 41.0 17.9 11.1 85.4 45.8 73.8 58.7 11.2 35.7 32.7 8.5 16.3 437.8 2879.3 1045.9 1833.4 160.0 667.7 589.8 143.7 52.4 786.0 34.9 14.8 15.1 9.9 10.2 38.6 28.1 2.8 154.3 13.3 6.4 9.0 6.9 17.3 57.8 91.6 3.8 9.8 546.3 53.6 16.8 42.8 51.3 9.1 935.9 12.0 136.6 0.8 12.2 23.9 130.7 83.0 7.9 47.1 8.7 4.0 466.8 74.4 55.3 7.1 36.5 16.7 190.0 40.5 18.1 11.5 92.4 41.5 68.3 58.7 11.5 35.2 33.3 7.6 16.5 435.2 2968.3 1062.7 1905.6 142.1 698.9 619.2 140.9 52.6 812.7 34.0 16.8 15.7 10.8 11.6 38.0 29.5 3.2 159.6 14.0 5.8 8.1 7.0 17.7 57.5 103.4 3.8 9.8 533.0 57.9 16.7 36.9 51.2 8.8 931.9 12.8 144.5 0.7 13.1 26.1 141.3 92.5 6.8 46.5 6.8 2.4 493.6 73.4 54.8 11.0 38.9 16.6 194.6 44.1 19.6 11.3 96.5 36.2 64.0 58.7 11.5 37.3 37.3 8.5 16.3 441.2 3033.5 1096.2 1937.2 134.7 690.9 *Excluding gas flared or recycled. ◆Less than 0.05%. Note: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years. 24 Change 2012 over 2011 2012 share of total 4.7% -2.3% 0.1% 3.1% -3.0% 13.4% 3.7% 9.0% 13.7% -1.8% 4.7% 14.4% 3.1% 5.1% -9.4% -9.8% 1.7% 2.0% -0.8% 12.6% -1.1% 20.4% 4.6% 1.7% 26.8% 1.1% 0.6% 0.5% 0.4% 0.4% 1.3% 1.0% 0.1% 5.3% 0.5% 0.2% 0.3% 0.2% 0.6% 1.9% 3.4% 0.1% 0.3% 17.6% 1.9% 0.6% 1.2% 1.7% 0.3% 30.7% 0.4% 4.8% ◆ -2.7% 7.8% -0.8% -14.1% -0.4% -4.3% -0.7% 6.9% 5.4% -9.3% 7.2% 8.9% 7.8% 11.1% -13.4% -1.5% -21.3% -40.1% 5.4% -1.7% -1.2% 54.8% 6.2% -1.0% 2.1% 8.8% 8.2% -2.1% 4.1% -13.1% -6.6% -0.3% -0.6% 5.6% 11.5% 10.6% -1.9% 1.1% 1.9% 2.9% 1.4% -5.5% -1.4% ◆ 0.4% 0.9% 4.7% 3.0% 0.2% 1.5% 0.2% 0.1% 16.3% 2.4% 1.8% 0.4% 1.3% 0.5% 6.4% 1.5% 0.6% 0.4% 3.2% 1.2% 2.1% 1.9% 0.4% 1.2% 1.2% 0.3% 0.5% 14.5% 100.0% 36.1% 63.9% 4.4% 22.8% Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.
  • 27. Consumption Million tonnes oil equivalent US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Change 2012 over 2011 2012 share of total 593.7 81.2 41.8 716.6 27.2 12.7 6.6 5.5 0.1 0.4 10.8 25.6 2.2 91.2 7.7 6.8 14.5 13.4 2.4 7.8 4.6 3.6 36.6 74.3 1.9 10.6 3.7 58.1 7.8 2.6 35.8 3.6 10.1 2.8 15.5 333.6 5.8 18.8 0.7 2.5 15.6 11.6 60.9 85.6 45.8 13.3 918.5 71.3 † 8.5 10.0 51.0 32.8 22.2 195.8 18.2 23.9 0.9 19.6 62.6 20.2 10.3 26.3 2.6 24.8 29.6 65.4 23.6 5.1 22.1 1.6 3.2 20.8 6.7 24.2 2.2 3.3 291.9 2276.7 1241.1 1035.6 406.5 490.2 575.3 87.9 46.3 709.5 31.1 14.2 7.2 5.4 0.2 0.5 12.0 22.7 2.8 96.1 8.5 7.0 14.3 14.4 2.5 7.8 4.7 4.0 38.9 77.0 2.2 11.9 3.7 64.1 8.6 2.8 36.0 3.9 11.3 2.7 16.5 341.5 5.7 21.3 0.7 2.6 18.8 12.8 62.1 85.8 41.2 13.4 948.6 74.6 † 9.9 11.0 54.1 34.1 22.5 206.1 19.3 26.7 0.9 20.4 67.3 20.2 11.1 30.5 1.7 26.6 31.5 71.8 24.6 3.9 27.4 2.4 3.6 21.8 6.9 25.7 2.1 3.8 315.5 2343.1 1263.0 1080.1 426.5 496.8 577.3 85.6 48.9 711.8 34.1 16.9 7.8 5.7 0.3 0.8 13.3 25.6 2.7 107.1 8.5 7.5 16.1 14.6 2.5 8.2 4.7 3.9 40.6 77.3 2.4 11.7 3.7 66.5 6.7 2.8 36.8 4.1 11.9 3.4 15.7 350.4 5.5 24.7 0.7 2.7 19.9 13.5 61.7 87.7 39.1 14.8 970.2 77.9 1.1 10.7 13.5 59.1 36.2 23.9 222.4 19.8 28.5 1.9 22.8 73.1 20.5 11.5 35.7 2.4 28.7 29.0 69.3 22.2 3.5 31.0 2.2 4.5 25.5 8.4 26.9 3.7 4.1 329.3 2413.8 1281.7 1132.1 438.0 505.0 568.5 88.0 54.9 711.5 36.4 17.6 7.5 6.0 0.3 1.4 14.7 24.7 2.9 111.5 9.0 7.7 16.5 14.7 2.8 8.5 4.5 3.6 40.9 77.6 2.4 12.1 3.5 71.2 8.4 2.9 35.4 4.0 12.2 3.8 15.8 354.6 5.9 29.1 0.7 2.8 24.2 14.5 62.1 85.5 38.4 15.0 990.5 94.5 1.5 11.0 16.8 64.1 37.8 25.5 251.3 20.9 28.4 2.8 24.9 77.1 19.9 12.4 42.1 2.4 32.1 29.9 70.7 28.3 3.2 32.0 3.0 6.2 27.3 8.5 29.3 5.8 4.7 357.7 2499.5 1296.2 1203.3 446.5 513.1 560.0 87.3 60.0 707.2 37.6 18.5 7.0 6.3 0.4 1.6 19.1 28.3 3.5 122.4 8.5 8.2 17.1 15.0 2.9 8.4 4.6 3.8 39.6 78.5 2.8 11.5 4.0 69.7 8.9 2.9 34.3 4.0 12.4 3.7 16.3 373.5 5.4 30.3 0.8 2.7 27.4 16.5 60.3 81.1 37.7 15.6 1008.2 97.8 2.1 11.3 17.6 66.2 39.0 28.3 262.3 21.4 32.9 3.1 23.1 80.5 22.0 13.6 50.5 2.6 33.5 29.9 75.4 30.4 3.3 32.5 2.5 6.3 28.8 9.1 30.0 6.3 4.9 381.6 2562.1 1297.0 1265.1 440.7 533.4 597.3 86.6 57.1 741.0 39.5 19.1 4.1 6.7 0.4 2.4 19.7 26.6 4.0 122.7 8.0 7.2 17.0 14.9 2.9 7.8 4.1 3.5 38.3 74.6 3.4 10.7 4.3 70.0 7.5 3.3 33.3 3.8 12.4 3.9 14.5 379.8 5.1 31.6 0.9 2.6 32.5 19.1 56.9 81.9 41.3 16.0 1013.3 101.7 2.5 10.9 17.4 67.0 44.3 29.1 272.9 21.9 34.5 3.1 26.3 85.9 23.9 14.3 63.5 2.5 36.1 28.2 81.2 30.1 3.6 33.1 3.0 7.8 31.2 9.6 31.8 6.4 5.4 411.6 2647.3 1338.4 1308.9 433.9 540.4 600.6 86.5 59.6 746.7 40.0 22.4 2.4 6.8 0.4 3.1 19.2 28.3 4.3 126.8 8.6 8.2 17.3 14.8 2.9 7.8 4.1 3.6 39.8 73.1 3.6 10.6 4.5 70.0 7.3 2.9 34.7 3.9 13.5 4.3 14.3 374.4 5.2 34.8 0.8 2.8 33.8 18.5 54.0 89.4 43.8 15.3 1022.7 107.4 3.7 11.5 17.4 72.4 53.5 32.9 298.8 22.8 36.8 3.4 27.8 90.7 23.0 15.3 73.2 2.9 37.2 30.0 84.4 30.4 3.4 33.8 3.1 7.4 32.1 10.5 33.6 6.7 5.1 432.0 2717.7 1362.2 1355.5 447.6 534.2 590.1 85.4 65.2 740.7 38.8 18.1 2.8 7.8 0.5 3.1 19.9 27.5 4.5 123.1 8.4 7.0 14.5 15.1 2.1 7.4 4.0 3.2 38.3 70.2 3.0 9.1 4.3 64.4 7.0 2.5 35.0 3.7 13.0 4.2 11.9 350.7 4.4 31.1 1.0 2.7 32.1 17.9 42.3 82.1 39.2 12.6 944.5 118.2 4.1 11.1 18.0 70.6 53.2 35.0 310.2 24.5 38.3 3.0 24.3 90.1 22.7 16.7 80.6 2.8 45.9 33.6 78.7 29.7 3.6 34.6 3.1 7.3 30.5 10.2 35.3 7.2 4.6 447.0 2655.7 1322.5 1333.2 418.6 487.1 619.3 85.5 65.2 770.1 39.0 24.1 4.8 8.2 0.5 4.9 20.9 29.9 4.8 137.0 9.1 6.7 17.7 17.0 2.3 8.4 4.5 3.6 42.7 75.0 3.3 9.8 4.7 68.5 7.4 2.8 39.2 3.7 14.0 4.6 12.2 372.7 5.0 31.2 1.4 3.0 35.1 20.4 46.9 89.3 41.0 13.6 1016.6 130.1 4.8 13.1 17.9 78.9 54.7 39.6 339.1 23.7 40.6 3.5 29.2 97.0 23.1 17.9 96.2 3.4 55.7 36.3 85.1 31.0 3.9 35.7 2.9 7.6 38.7 12.7 40.6 8.5 5.1 504.4 2864.1 1406.0 1458.1 452.6 521.7 626.5 90.8 69.0 786.2 41.1 24.0 4.8 8.0 0.5 5.5 20.8 30.0 6.0 140.8 8.5 7.3 16.5 14.9 2.6 7.6 3.8 3.1 36.8 67.1 4.1 9.4 4.1 64.2 8.3 3.1 34.3 3.9 14.1 4.7 12.5 382.1 4.6 29.0 1.1 2.7 41.2 22.5 48.3 74.5 44.2 14.2 995.2 138.2 4.5 15.3 19.7 83.0 56.2 38.3 355.3 25.1 44.7 3.5 29.3 102.6 23.0 18.1 117.5 2.7 55.0 33.5 95.0 28.8 3.5 35.2 3.2 7.9 41.7 14.0 41.9 7.6 5.6 534.2 2914.2 1394.6 1519.6 407.7 539.2 654.0 90.6 75.3 820.0 42.6 26.2 5.4 8.9 0.6 6.7 19.5 31.4 7.1 148.6 8.1 7.6 16.7 15.2 2.5 7.4 3.5 2.8 38.2 67.7 3.8 8.8 4.0 61.8 8.5 3.0 32.8 3.9 14.9 4.2 12.1 374.6 5.4 28.2 1.0 2.9 41.7 20.9 44.6 70.5 43.1 14.5 975.0 140.5 2.3 15.5 23.5 92.5 56.6 39.6 370.6 27.8 47.3 3.4 32.0 110.5 22.9 19.6 129.5 2.5 49.1 32.2 105.1 30.0 3.8 37.3 3.1 7.5 45.0 14.7 46.1 8.5 5.6 562.5 2987.1 1433.6 1553.5 399.5 526.4 4.1% -0.4% 8.9% 4.0% 3.3% 8.9% 11.7% 10.9% 30.8% 21.7% -6.2% 4.4% 18.4% 5.3% -4.8% 3.7% 1.1% 1.7% -7.1% -2.9% -6.9% -10.9% 3.7% 0.7% -7.9% -6.5% -3.2% -4.0% 2.6% -2.6% -4.5% -1.0% 5.1% -9.8% -3.5% -2.2% 15.8% -2.8% -12.8% 7.6% 0.9% -7.1% -7.8% -5.7% -2.8% 1.9% -2.3% 1.4% -48.1% 0.9% 18.9% 11.1% 0.4% 3.1% 4.0% 10.8% 5.7% -4.6% 8.8% 7.5% -0.9% 8.2% 9.9% -8.2% -11.0% -4.2% 10.3% 3.9% 8.8% 5.6% -4.3% -5.5% 7.8% 4.7% 9.6% 10.6% 1.1% 5.0% 2.2% 2.5% 2.0% -2.3% -2.6% 21.9% 3.0% 2.5% 27.5% 1.4% 0.9% 0.2% 0.3% ♦ 0.2% 0.7% 1.1% 0.2% 5.0% 0.3% 0.3% 0.6% 0.5% 0.1% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1% 1.3% 2.3% 0.1% 0.3% 0.1% 2.1% 0.3% 0.1% 1.1% 0.1% 0.5% 0.1% 0.4% 12.5% 0.2% 0.9% ♦ 0.1% 1.4% 0.7% 1.5% 2.4% 1.4% 0.5% 32.6% 4.7% 0.1% 0.5% 0.8% 3.1% 1.9% 1.3% 12.4% 0.9% 1.6% 0.1% 1.1% 3.7% 0.8% 0.7% 4.3% 0.1% 1.6% 1.1% 3.5% 1.0% 0.1% 1.2% 0.1% 0.3% 1.5% 0.5% 1.5% 0.3% 0.2% 18.8% 100.0% 48.0% 52.0% 13.4% 17.6% †Less than 0.05. Source: Includes data from Cedigaz. ◆Less than 0.05%. Notes: The difference between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics is due to variations in stocks at storage facilities and liquefaction plants, together with unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of gas supply and demand data. Growth rates are adjusted for leap years. 25
  • 28. Production by region Consumption by region Billion cubic metres Billion cubic metres 3500 Rest of World Asia Pacific Europe & Eurasia North America 3500 Rest of World Asia Pacific Europe & Eurasia North America 3000 2500 07 12 1000 500 02 1500 1000 97 2000 1500 92 2500 2000 87 3000 500 0 87 92 97 02 07 12 World natural gas production increased by 1.9% in 2012. The US once again recorded the largest national increase. Production grew in every region except Europe & Eurasia, where declines in Russia and the UK offset a gain in Norway. Natural gas consumption increased by a below-average 2.2%. As was the case with production, the US recorded the largest national increase and consumption rose in every region except Europe & Eurasia; EU consumption fell to the lowest level since 2000. Consumption per capita 2012 Tonnes oil equivalent 0-0.5 0.5-1.0 1.0-1.5 1.5-2.0 > 2.0 Source: Includes data from Cedigaz. 26 0
  • 29. Prices $/Mmbtu 18 US Henry Hub Average German Import Price cif UK NBP Japan LNG cif 15 12 9 6 3 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 0 Prices US dollars per million Btu LNG Japan cif Average German Import Price* 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 5.23 4.10 3.35 3.34 3.28 3.64 3.99 3.62 3.52 3.18 3.46 3.66 3.91 3.05 3.14 4.72 4.64 4.27 4.77 5.18 6.05 7.14 7.73 12.55 9.06 10.91 14.73 16.75 4.25 3.93 2.55 2.22 2.00 2.78 3.19 2.69 2.50 2.35 2.39 2.46 2.64 2.32 1.88 2.89 3.66 3.23 4.06 4.32 5.88 7.85 8.03 11.56 8.52 8.01 10.48 11.03 Natural gas UK (Heren NBP Index)† US Henry Hub‡ Canada (Alberta)‡ Crude oil OECD countries cif – – – – 1.70 1.64 1.49 1.77 2.12 1.92 1.69 2.76 2.53 2.08 2.27 4.23 4.07 3.33 5.63 5.85 8.79 6.76 6.95 8.85 3.89 4.39 4.01 2.76 – – – – – 1.05 0.89 0.98 1.69 1.45 0.89 1.12 1.36 1.42 2.00 3.75 3.61 2.57 4.83 5.03 7.25 5.83 6.17 7.99 3.38 3.69 3.47 2.27 4.75 2.57 3.09 2.56 3.01 3.82 3.33 3.19 2.82 2.70 2.96 3.54 3.29 2.16 2.98 4.83 4.08 4.17 4.89 6.27 8.74 10.66 11.95 16.76 10.41 13.47 18.55 18.82 – – – – – – – – – – – 1.87 1.96 1.86 1.58 2.71 3.17 2.37 3.33 4.46 7.38 7.87 6.01 10.79 4.85 6.56 9.04 9.46 *Source: 1984-1990 German Federal Statistical Office, 1991-2012 German Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA). †Source: ICIS Heren Energy Ltd. ‡Source: Energy Intelligence Group, Natural Gas Week. Note: cif = cost+insurance+freight (average prices). 27
  • 30. From n O th e S ov r F o r m iet U er nion a My O th – – – – – – – – – 5.2 – – 9.4 25.3 – – – 6.8 – – – – – 7.3 0.6 54.5 – – – – – – – – – – – – 1.3 9.0 3.4 – 17.9 30.8 – – – 6.3 8.0 – – 2.3 – 26.8 0.8 106.6 – – – – – – – – – – – – – 4.6 – – – – – – 5.3 – 2.1 – – – – – – 12.0 – – – – – – – – – – – – 1.6 – – – 0.4 0.8 0.6 1.1 – 5.9 2.3 2.0 0.3 0.7 – 1.3 7.4 24.4 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 11.0 – 0.3 – – – – – – – – 4.7 7.3 6.6 3.1 7.3 30.0 2.3 4.8 – 13.6 2.1 9.0 3.8 – 24.5 – 10.9 130.0 18.3 – 29.8 7.9 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 9.9 – 0.9 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2.9 – – 2.9 – 8.9 – 3.9 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 7.5 – – 7.5 – – – 0.9 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 20.6 – – – 10.2 – – 1.9 32.8 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 6.5 – – – – – – – 6.5 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 83.8 27.5 17.6 128.9 4.5 10.1 2.3 16.9 7.6 26.2 10.0 3.1 35.0 86.8 2.9 5.9 5.3 59.7 14.5 10.9 4.1 13.3 34.9 35.4 21.5 377.2 18.3 29.8 29.8 14.0 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 45.1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 83.8 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – † – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 14.6 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2.3 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 54.5 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 106.6 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 12.0 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 24.4 11.3 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 11.3 56.0 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 185.9 10.8 9.0 – – 9.0 – – – – 21.3 – – – – 21.3 41.1 12.9 0.4 – – 0.4 – – – – 0.2 – – – – 0.2 16.3 0.9 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 8.4 – – 17.3 2.0 19.2 – – – – – – – – – – 19.2 – – – – – – 2.0 2.0 – – – – – – – 34.8 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 6.5 – – – 0.6 0.6 3.6 0.4 4.0 – – – – – – – 4.6 – – – – – – – – – – – 2.3 7.9 – 10.2 10.2 – – – – – – – – – – – – – 8.5 8.5 8.5 – – – – – – – – 10.9 – 2.8 – 1.7 – 15.4 15.4 91.9 9.4 17.3 2.5 29.2 3.6 2.4 6.0 10.9 21.4 2.8 2.3 9.5 8.5 55.5 705.5 A lg K az O th N or N et Me †Less than 0.05. Liby – – – – – – 2.3 2.3 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Q at – – – – 4.5 10.1 – 14.6 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Iran † – – † – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Unit Indo anm nes ar ia fric er A a eria ar ak h er E Rus Fed sian e r at ion Turk me nist a u ro st an pe om ingd w ay ed K s land her via O th e Am r S. & eric a C e nt . 83.8 – – 83.8 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Boli – 27.5 17.6 45.1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – C an O th US Canada Mexico North America Argentina Brazil Other S. & Cent. America S. & Cent. America Austria Belgium Czech Republic Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Netherlands Poland Slovakia Spain Turkey United Kingdom Other Europe Europe Belarus Russian Federation Ukraine Other Former Soviet Union Former Soviet Union Iran United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Middle East South Africa Other Africa Africa Australia China China Hong Kong SAR Malaysia Singapore Thailand Asia Pacifi c Total exports US To xico ad a Billion cubic metres er A sia Pac Tot ific impal or t s Trade movements 2012 by pipeline Source: Includes data from Cedigaz, CISStat, IHS CERA. Trade movements 2012 – liquefied natural gas US Canada Mexico North America Argentina Brazil Chile Other S. & Cent. America S. & Cent. America Belgium France Italy Spain Turkey United Kingdom Other Europe & Eurasia Europe & Eurasia Middle East China India Japan South Korea Taiwan Thailand Asia Pacific Total exports †Less than 0.05. *Includes re-exports. 28 – – † † – 0.2 – – 0.2 – – – – – – 0.1 0.1 – – 0.1 0.4 – – – 0.5 0.8 – – – – 0.4 – – – 0.4 – – – – – – – – – – – 0.1 – – – 0.1 0.4 3.2 0.8 0.2 4.2 3.7 0.8 3.1 2.4 10.1 – – – 2.5 – – 0.2 2.6 0.4 0.2 – 0.4 1.1 0.1 0.1 1.9 19.1 – – 1.2 1.2 – – – – – – – – 2.6 – – – 2.6 – – – 1.1 – – 0.4 1.5 5.4 0.2 – – 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.6 – 0.2 0.1 1.7 0.2 0.2 0.8 3.1 0.2 – – 0.6 0.1 0.1 – 0.7 4.7 – – – – 0.7 0.4 – – 1.1 – – 0.1 0.7 0.2 – 0.2 1.1 – – 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.1 – 0.9 3.2 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.5 – 11.3 3.0 – – 14.8 14.8 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.1 – 5.4 5.7 – – 11.2 11.2 1.0 1.0 1.7 3.6 0.1 1.1 – 0.2 1.3 4.5 1.8 5.8 4.3 1.2 13.3 0.2 31.1 2.9 6.8 16.1 21.3 14.2 7.9 0.3 66.5 105.4 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.1 – – 7.5 – – – 7.5 7.6 0.6 – 0.4 0.9 – – 0.3 – 0.3 – – – – – – – – – 0.8 0.6 0.4 3.6 – 0.5 5.9 7.1 – – – – – – – – – – 4.8 1.0 3.6 4.1 0.1 0.8 14.4 – 0.1 0.6 0.2 – – – 0.9 15.3 – – – – – – 0.4 – 0.4 – – – – – – 0.1 0.1 – – – 3.8 0.5 0.2 – 4.5 4.9 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.1 4.8 – 21.6 1.1 0.3 – 28.0 28.1 – – 0.3 0.3 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 3.3 0.2 8.4 10.3 2.6 – 24.7 25.0 ia Tot impal or t s lays Ma nes ia – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 8.0 1.1 – – 9.1 9.1 Indo nei Bru trali a – – 1.1 1.1 – 0.5 – 0.1 0.5 – 2.7 – 5.4 1.5 † 2.0 11.6 0.8 0.4 2.1 6.5 2.5 1.6 0.1 13.1 27.2 Aus eria Nig pt 0.1 – – 0.1 0.1 – 0.3 – 0.3 – 0.9 0.2 0.7 0.5 † 0.2 2.4 0.2 0.4 0.8 1.4 0.8 0.3 – 3.8 6.7 Eq u a Guin torial ea Eg y eria A lg en Yem ar Q at an Om Rus Fed sian e r at ion O th Eu r e r ope * w ay N or u Per Trin & T idad oba go zil* Bra U S* To Unit Em e d A r a irate b s From Billion cubic metres – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2.5 – 19.9 5.6 3.8 – 31.8 31.8 4.9 1.8 4.8 11.6 5.2 3.2 4.1 2.8 15.2 4.5 10.3 7.1 21.4 7.7 13.7 4.5 69.3 4.6 20.0 20.5 118.8 49.7 16.9 1.4 227.2 327.9 Source: Includes data from GIIGNL, Poten, Waterborne.
  • 31. Major trade movements 2012 Trade flows worldwide (billion cubic metres) 105.5 56.0 20.9 24.5 83.8 27.5 12.2 2.6 11.6 29.8 10.4 39.3 9.0 4.6 11.3 34.6 23.4 21.3 17.6 17.3 3.2 16.7 21.6 16.9 7.9 6.4 8.5 7.9 10.1 US Canada Mexico S. & Cent. America Europe & Eurasia Middle East Africa Asia Pacific 4.8 36.3 3.7 10.9 6.5 Pipeline gas LNG Source: Includes data from Cedigaz, CISStat, GIIGNL, IHS CERA, Poten, Waterborne. Gas trade in 2011 and 2012 Billion cubic metres US Canada Mexico Trinidad & Tobago Other S. & Cent. America France Germany Italy Netherlands Norway Spain Turkey United Kingdom Other Europe Russian Federation Ukraine Other Former Soviet Union Qatar Other Middle East Algeria Other Africa China Japan Indonesia South Korea Other Asia Pacific Total World †Less than 0.05. Pipeline imports 88.3 26.6 14.1 – 14.8 32.3 84.0 60.8 15.6 – 12.5 35.6 28.0 100.8 30.1 40.5 35.3 – 32.1 – 5.7 14.3 – – – 28.6 700.0 2011 LNG imports 10.0 3.3 4.0 – 10.6 15.5 – 8.7 0.8 – 24.2 6.2 24.8 10.9 – – – – 4.6 – – 16.6 107.0 – 50.6 32.1 329.8 Pipeline exports LNG exports Pipeline imports 40.7 88.2 0.1 – 14.8 2.2 11.7 0.1 50.4 95.0 0.5 0.7 16.0 10.1 207.0 – 63.0 19.2 9.1 34.4 8.3 3.1 – 9.3 – 16.3 700.0 1.7 – – 18.5 5.2 – – – – 4.5 0.8 – 0.1 0.6 14.2 – – 100.4 28.2 17.8 40.0 – – 29.3 – 68.7 329.8 83.8 27.5 17.6 – 16.9 35.0 86.8 59.7 14.5 – 13.3 34.9 35.4 97.6 29.8 29.8 32.3 – 29.2 – 6.0 21.4 – – – 34.1 705.5 2012 LNG imports 4.9 1.8 4.8 – 15.2 10.3 – 7.1 0.8 – 21.4 7.7 13.7 8.2 – – – – 4.6 – – 20.0 118.8 – 49.7 38.8 327.9 Pipeline exports LNG exports 45.1 83.8 † – 16.9 1.2 12.5 0.1 54.5 106.6 0.7 0.6 12.0 9.3 185.9 – 68.8 19.2 8.4 34.8 11.0 2.8 – 10.2 – 21.0 705.5 0.8 – – 19.1 5.8 0.2 – – – 4.7 1.2 – – 1.7 14.8 – – 105.4 25.9 15.3 38.8 – – 25.0 – 69.0 327.9 Source: Includes data from Cedigaz, CISStat, GIIGNL, IHS CERA, Poten, Waterborne. 29
  • 32. Coal Proved reserves at end 2012 Anthracite and bituminous US Canada Mexico Total North America Brazil Colombia Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Bulgaria Czech Republic Germany Greece Hungary Kazakhstan Poland Romania Russian Federation Spain Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia South Africa Zimbabwe Other Africa Middle East Total Middle East & Africa Australia China India Indonesia Japan New Zealand North Korea Pakistan South Korea Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union Subbituminous and lignite Total 108501 3474 860 112835 – 6366 479 45 6890 2 192 99 – 13 21500 4338 10 49088 200 529 15351 228 1440 92990 30156 502 860 1203 32721 37100 62200 56100 1520 340 33 300 – – – 150 1583 159326 404762 155926 248836 5101 86725 Million tonnes 128794 3108 351 132253 4559 380 – 679 5618 2364 908 40600 3020 1647 12100 1371 281 107922 330 1814 18522 – 20735 211614 – – 174 – 174 39300 52300 4500 4009 10 538 300 2070 126 1239 – 2125 106517 456176 222603 233573 51047 141309 237295 6582 1211 245088 4559 6746 479 724 12508 2366 1100 40699 3020 1660 33600 5709 291 157010 530 2343 33873 228 22175 304604 30156 502 1034 1203 32895 76400 114500 60600 5529 350 571 600 2070 126 1239 150 3708 265843 860938 378529 482409 56148 228034 Share of total R/P ratio 27.6% 0.8% 0.1% 28.5% 0.5% 0.8% 0.1% 0.1% 1.5% 0.3% 0.1% 4.7% 0.4% 0.2% 3.9% 0.7% 257 98 88 244 * 76 292 * 129 72 20 207 50 179 289 40 9 443 85 33 384 14 234 238 116 196 * * 124 177 31 100 14 265 115 19 * 60 68 4 88 51 109 186 83 97 390 ◆ 18.2% 0.1% 0.3% 3.9% ◆ 2.6% 35.4% 3.5% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 3.8% 8.9% 13.3% 7.0% 0.6% ◆ 0.1% 0.1% 0.2% ◆ 0.1% ◆ 0.4% 30.9% 100.0% 44.0% 56.0% 6.5% 26.5% *More than 500 years. Source of reserves data: Survey of Energy Resources 2010, World Energy Council. than 0.05%. Notes: Proved reserves of coal – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future from known deposits under existing economic and operating conditions. Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of the year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves would last if production were to continue at that rate. ◆Less Prices US dollars per tonne 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Northwest Europe marker price† US Central Appalachian coal spot price index‡ Japan coking coal import cif price Japan steam coal import cif price Asian marker price† 38.53 33.68 37.18 44.50 41.25 38.92 32.00 28.79 35.99 39.03 31.65 43.60 72.08 60.54 64.11 88.79 147.67 70.66 92.50 121.52 92.50 28.53 29.85 31.72 27.01 29.86 29.76 31.00 31.29 29.90 50.15 33.20 38.52 64.90 70.12 62.96 51.16 118.79 68.08 71.63 87.38 72.06 57.82 55.26 51.77 54.47 56.68 55.51 50.76 42.83 39.69 41.33 42.01 41.57 60.96 89.33 93.46 88.24 179.03 167.82 158.95 229.12 191.46 48.45 45.71 43.66 47.58 49.54 45.53 40.51 35.74 34.58 37.96 36.90 34.74 51.34 62.91 63.04 69.86 122.81 110.11 105.19 136.21 133.61 – – – – – – 29.48 27.82 31.76 36.89 30.41 36.53 72.42 61.84 56.47 84.57 148.06 78.81 105.43 125.74 105.50 †Source: IHS McCloskey Northwest Europe prices for 1992-2000 are the average of the monthly marker, 2001-2012 the average of weekly prices. The Asian prices are the average of the monthly marker. ‡Source: Platts. Prices are for Central Appalachian 12,500Btu, 1.2 SO 2 coal, fob. Prices for 1992-2000 are by coal price publication date, 2001-2012 by coal price assessment date. Note: cif = cost+insurance+freight (average prices); fob = free on board. 30
  • 33. Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios Years History 2012 by region 300 700 North America S. & Cent. America Europe & Eurasia Middle East & Africa Asia Pacific World 250 600 500 200 400 150 300 100 200 50 North America S. & Cent. America Europe & Eurasia Middle East & Africa 0 Asia Pacific 100 92 97 02 07 12 0 World proved reserves of coal in 2012 were sufficient to meet 109 years of global production, by far the largest R/P ratio for any fossil fuel. Europe & Eurasia holds the largest regional reserves while North America has the highest R/P ratio. The US holds the largest individual reserves, followed by Russia and China. Distribution of proved reserves in 1992, 2002 and 2012 Percentage Europe & Eurasia Asia Pacific North America Middle East & Africa S. & Cent. America 6.4 5.8 1.4 41.4 2.2 36.1 3.8 1.5 35.4 2002 Total 984453 million tonnes 1992 Total 981780 million tonnes 2012 Total 860938 million tonnes 22.8 26.2 28.5 29.7 30.9 27.9 Source: Survey of Energy Resources 2010, World Energy Council. 31
  • 34. Production* Million tonnes oil equivalent US Canada Mexico Total North America Brazil Colombia Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Bulgaria Czech Republic France Germany Greece Hungary Kazakhstan Poland Romania Russian Federation Spain Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Total Middle East South Africa Zimbabwe Other Africa Total Africa Australia China India Indonesia Japan New Zealand Pakistan South Korea Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Change 2012 over 2011 2012 share of total 570.1 34.3 5.3 609.6 1.9 25.7 5.9 0.4 33.9 4.3 24.3 1.1 55.0 9.1 2.7 37.8 71.3 6.6 117.3 7.2 11.5 42.8 18.2 17.9 427.2 0.6 124.1 2.5 1.3 128.0 184.3 775.2 138.5 63.5 0.8 2.8 1.6 1.5 5.7 9.2 19.6 1202.7 2401.9 1006.3 1395.6 205.0 201.4 553.6 31.8 4.6 590.1 1.8 32.5 5.1 0.5 39.9 4.5 24.2 1.3 54.1 9.0 2.8 43.3 71.4 7.0 127.1 6.8 10.4 41.6 17.2 19.0 439.8 0.7 134.1 1.8 1.6 137.5 189.4 917.4 144.4 70.3 0.7 3.2 1.5 1.5 5.3 10.8 20.3 1364.9 2572.7 990.0 1582.7 203.8 215.8 572.4 33.9 4.7 611.0 2.0 34.9 5.9 0.2 43.0 4.4 23.5 0.4 54.7 9.6 2.4 44.4 70.5 6.7 131.7 6.7 10.1 42.2 15.3 18.5 441.0 0.8 137.2 2.4 1.3 140.9 196.8 1061.3 155.7 81.4 0.7 3.3 1.5 1.4 5.6 14.7 22.1 1544.5 2781.3 1013.4 1767.9 199.1 222.2 580.2 35.3 5.2 620.7 2.4 38.4 5.3 0.3 46.3 4.1 23.5 0.2 53.2 9.4 2.0 44.2 68.7 6.6 139.2 6.4 12.6 41.0 12.5 17.7 441.2 1.0 137.7 2.2 1.2 141.1 205.7 1174.8 162.1 93.9 0.6 3.3 1.6 1.3 5.8 18.3 24.9 1692.2 2942.4 1026.1 1916.3 191.3 228.5 595.1 34.8 5.5 635.4 2.2 42.6 5.7 0.6 51.2 4.2 23.8 0.2 50.3 8.6 2.1 49.1 67.0 6.5 145.1 6.1 13.7 41.7 11.3 18.5 448.2 1.0 138.0 1.4 1.3 140.6 210.8 1264.3 170.2 119.2 0.7 3.6 1.7 1.3 5.3 21.8 25.3 1824.2 3100.7 1041.4 2059.3 184.6 239.9 587.7 35.7 6.0 629.4 2.3 45.4 4.5 0.3 52.5 4.7 23.6 0.2 51.5 9.0 2.0 50.0 62.3 6.7 148.0 5.7 16.0 39.9 10.3 20.6 450.7 1.0 139.6 1.3 1.0 141.9 217.1 1345.8 181.0 133.4 0.8 3.0 1.6 1.3 5.1 22.4 24.0 1935.6 3211.1 1040.3 2170.8 181.3 242.5 596.7 35.6 5.5 637.8 2.5 47.8 3.6 0.4 54.3 4.8 22.8 0.1 47.7 8.8 1.9 56.8 60.5 6.7 153.4 4.1 16.8 41.3 11.0 21.0 457.8 1.0 142.4 1.0 1.0 144.4 224.1 1401.0 195.6 147.8 0.7 3.0 1.8 1.2 5.0 23.0 25.8 2028.9 3324.2 1048.0 2276.2 173.4 256.2 540.8 33.1 5.0 578.9 1.9 47.3 2.4 0.5 52.2 4.5 21.0 † 44.4 8.6 1.9 51.5 56.4 6.4 142.1 3.8 17.1 38.4 10.9 20.3 427.2 0.7 141.2 1.1 0.9 143.2 232.1 1486.5 210.8 157.6 0.7 2.8 1.6 1.1 5.0 25.2 28.8 2152.1 3354.3 986.7 2367.6 162.7 236.5 551.2 35.4 5.8 592.4 2.0 48.3 2.0 0.3 52.7 4.9 20.8 0.1 43.7 7.8 1.9 54.0 55.5 5.8 151.1 3.4 15.8 39.9 11.2 20.1 436.0 0.6 145.0 1.7 1.1 147.8 236.0 1617.5 217.5 169.2 0.5 3.3 1.5 0.9 5.1 24.6 36.9 2313.2 3542.7 1000.2 2542.5 160.5 250.1 556.1 35.5 7.0 598.5 2.1 55.8 1.7 0.4 59.9 6.1 21.6 0.1 44.6 7.9 2.0 56.2 56.6 6.7 158.0 2.5 16.3 44.0 11.3 21.5 455.5 0.7 141.8 1.7 1.1 144.5 230.8 1758.0 215.7 217.3 0.7 3.1 1.4 0.9 6.0 24.9 41.1 2499.9 3759.1 1003.7 2755.4 165.0 263.8 515.9 35.2 6.6 557.7 2.2 58.0 1.2 0.5 61.8 5.4 20.7 0.1 45.7 7.9 1.9 58.8 58.8 6.4 168.1 2.4 15.4 45.9 10.2 21.2 469.0 0.7 146.6 1.7 1.1 149.3 241.1 1825.0 228.8 237.4 0.7 3.1 1.2 0.9 5.1 23.5 40.0 2606.8 3845.3 973.4 2871.9 165.1 278.6 -7.5% -1.1% -5.3% -7.1% 5.7% 3.7% -27.9% 9.3% 2.9% -12.1% -4.2% -0.3% 2.0% -0.5% -3.0% 4.2% 3.6% -4.3% 6.1% -5.5% -5.6% 4.0% -10.1% -1.5% 2.7% -0.3% 3.1% -0.3% -0.3% 3.0% 4.2% 3.5% 5.8% 9.0% 3.6% -0.3% -13.5% 0.1% -14.3% -6.1% -3.1% 4.0% 2.0% -3.3% 3.9% -0.2% 5.3% 13.4% 0.9% 0.2% 14.5% 0.1% 1.5% *Commercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal. ◆Less than 0.05%. Notes: Coal production data expressed in million tonnes is available at bp.com/statisticalreview. Growth rates are adjusted for leap years. 32 ◆ ◆ 1.6% 0.1% 0.5% ◆ 1.2% 0.2% ◆ 1.5% 1.5% 0.2% 4.4% 0.1% 0.4% 1.2% 0.3% 0.6% 12.2% ◆ 3.8% ◆ ◆ 3.9% 6.3% 47.5% 6.0% 6.2% ◆ 0.1% ◆ ◆ 0.1% 0.6% 1.0% 67.8% 100.0% 25.3% 74.7% 4.3% 7.2%
  • 35. Consumption* Million tonnes oil equivalent US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 552.0 31.8 6.8 590.5 0.5 10.8 2.4 2.2 – 0.7 – † 0.9 17.5 3.0 † 0.1 6.0 6.5 20.6 4.2 4.1 12.7 84.6 9.8 3.4 1.8 13.3 22.8 0.1 8.9 0.8 56.7 4.1 7.6 103.0 4.0 22.7 2.2 0.1 19.3 – 38.9 35.7 1.0 21.9 520.1 1.1 7.6 – – – – 0.1 8.9 0.6 1.2 76.2 7.1 85.1 51.1 0.4 728.4 5.4 151.8 18.0 106.6 3.6 1.4 2.4 4.7 – 49.1 32.7 9.2 5.3 19.0 1188.9 2411.0 1131.1 1279.9 316.6 169.5 562.5 31.7 7.9 602.1 0.7 11.1 2.3 2.4 – 0.7 – † 2.0 19.2 3.3 † 0.1 5.8 7.2 20.8 5.7 5.5 13.6 87.2 9.4 3.6 1.7 14.0 25.2 0.2 9.1 0.7 57.7 3.8 7.8 104.0 4.2 21.0 2.2 0.1 20.7 – 40.3 38.1 0.7 23.1 536.9 1.1 7.9 – – – – 0.1 9.1 0.6 1.2 81.4 6.3 89.5 49.4 0.4 868.2 6.6 156.8 24.2 112.2 5.3 2.0 2.9 4.7 – 51.1 35.1 9.4 5.5 19.5 1353.2 2610.0 1160.2 1449.8 326.9 174.5 566.1 29.8 6.6 602.6 0.8 12.0 2.6 2.0 – 0.7 – – 1.8 20.0 3.3 † 0.1 5.6 7.1 20.9 4.6 5.0 13.5 85.4 9.0 3.3 1.8 16.0 26.5 0.2 9.1 0.8 57.3 3.7 7.4 99.5 4.1 22.0 2.3 0.1 21.8 – 39.1 36.6 1.2 23.7 531.2 1.2 8.0 – – – – 0.1 9.2 0.6 1.2 85.2 7.1 94.2 50.8 0.4 1019.9 6.6 172.3 22.2 120.8 6.6 2.1 3.8 5.0 – 53.1 36.6 10.4 8.2 19.6 1538.1 2795.2 1171.1 1624.1 323.1 170.9 574.2 30.9 8.2 613.3 0.9 11.9 2.6 2.7 – 0.8 – † 1.6 20.5 3.1 † 0.1 5.0 6.8 20.4 3.7 2.9 13.8 82.1 8.8 3.0 1.9 16.0 27.2 0.2 8.7 0.7 55.7 3.8 7.6 94.2 3.9 22.5 2.2 0.1 21.8 – 37.4 37.4 1.2 22.1 514.5 1.3 7.9 – – – – 0.1 9.3 0.6 1.2 84.4 7.3 93.5 53.5 0.4 1128.3 6.7 184.4 25.4 121.3 6.9 2.3 4.1 5.7 – 54.8 38.1 11.2 8.0 21.0 1672.1 2923.2 1178.1 1745.1 314.4 164.2 565.7 29.9 8.2 603.7 0.3 11.8 3.2 2.4 – 0.6 – † 1.8 20.2 3.1 † 0.1 4.8 6.9 21.1 5.6 4.7 12.5 83.5 8.1 3.2 1.6 16.4 29.8 0.2 8.5 0.6 58.0 3.8 8.5 96.7 3.8 19.8 2.3 0.1 25.9 – 39.7 40.9 1.7 19.2 531.3 1.2 7.8 – – – – 0.1 9.2 0.6 1.2 85.4 6.8 94.0 56.0 0.5 1250.4 7.0 195.4 30.1 119.1 7.3 2.2 4.2 5.5 – 54.8 39.6 12.4 9.5 22.6 1816.8 3075.1 1180.2 1894.9 322.2 171.9 573.3 31.3 8.2 612.7 0.4 12.6 3.8 2.4 – 0.8 – 0.1 1.9 22.0 3.0 † † 4.4 7.7 21.2 4.7 4.4 13.4 85.7 8.5 3.4 1.6 16.6 31.7 0.2 9.0 0.7 57.9 3.3 7.4 93.4 3.8 21.9 2.2 0.2 28.9 – 39.7 38.4 1.4 20.5 535.1 1.3 8.0 – – – – 0.2 9.5 0.6 1.2 90.1 6.2 98.0 54.1 0.4 1320.3 7.5 210.3 37.8 125.3 8.8 1.7 5.1 5.9 – 59.7 41.8 14.1 10.1 19.3 1922.4 3199.8 1204.0 1995.8 324.1 170.9 564.1 29.6 6.7 600.4 1.1 12.7 4.1 2.8 – 0.8 – 0.1 2.0 23.5 2.8 † † 3.9 7.5 19.9 4.1 3.0 12.7 80.1 8.1 3.3 1.4 16.4 33.4 0.2 8.5 0.7 56.0 2.5 7.4 100.4 3.7 15.5 2.0 0.1 29.2 – 40.2 35.6 1.4 21.0 521.0 0.9 7.9 – – – – 0.2 9.0 0.6 1.1 96.9 6.4 105.0 54.6 0.6 1369.2 7.0 230.4 30.1 128.7 9.8 2.1 5.3 7.0 – 66.1 40.2 15.3 10.0 21.2 1997.4 3256.3 1178.4 2077.9 299.7 180.0 496.2 24.4 7.7 528.4 1.2 10.8 3.7 3.5 – 0.8 – 0.2 1.9 22.0 2.3 † † 3.1 6.4 17.4 4.0 3.3 10.5 71.7 8.1 2.7 1.2 12.9 32.6 0.1 7.9 0.5 51.9 2.9 6.6 91.9 3.5 11.8 1.6 0.1 30.4 – 35.1 29.9 1.1 19.7 471.4 1.0 7.7 – – – – 0.1 8.9 0.2 1.1 92.9 5.4 99.7 54.5 0.6 1470.7 7.6 251.5 34.6 108.8 10.6 1.6 4.7 6.7 – 68.6 38.7 14.5 14.0 20.7 2108.4 3238.7 1055.7 2183.0 264.4 164.8 523.9 25.0 8.5 557.5 1.0 13.3 4.2 4.0 – 0.8 – 0.2 2.0 25.4 2.5 † † 3.3 6.8 18.2 3.8 4.3 11.3 76.6 7.4 3.0 1.2 14.3 31.6 0.2 7.9 0.6 56.4 1.7 6.1 90.2 3.4 9.8 2.1 0.1 30.9 – 37.9 31.0 1.1 21.1 484.8 0.9 7.7 – – – – 0.2 8.8 – 1.1 90.0 6.4 97.4 51.6 0.6 1609.7 6.3 262.7 41.2 123.7 14.8 1.4 4.5 7.7 – 75.9 40.3 15.3 13.9 20.6 2290.2 3464.0 1117.2 2346.8 276.7 166.1 495.5 22.3 8.9 526.7 0.9 14.1 5.3 4.3 – 0.7 – 0.2 2.0 27.6 2.6 † † 3.3 8.1 18.0 3.2 3.4 9.5 76.0 7.5 3.0 1.3 16.1 34.0 0.2 7.8 0.7 56.1 2.2 7.3 93.7 3.3 15.5 2.0 0.1 33.1 – 41.5 31.5 1.2 22.5 504.6 0.9 7.9 – – – – 0.2 9.0 – 1.1 89.1 6.5 96.7 51.7 0.7 1760.8 7.7 270.6 48.9 117.7 14.8 1.4 4.3 8.3 – 83.6 41.5 16.0 15.0 21.2 2464.2 3628.8 1096.1 2532.7 283.4 175.9 437.8 21.9 8.8 468.5 1.0 13.5 6.7 4.0 – 0.8 – 0.2 2.0 28.2 2.0 † † 3.0 7.0 16.6 2.5 2.9 11.4 79.2 7.5 3.0 1.5 16.2 35.0 0.2 8.5 0.7 54.0 2.9 6.7 93.9 3.2 19.3 1.5 0.1 31.3 – 44.6 39.1 1.2 22.2 516.9 0.9 8.8 – – – – 0.2 9.9 – 1.1 89.8 6.6 97.5 49.3 0.7 1873.3 7.6 298.3 50.4 124.4 14.3 1.7 4.3 9.4 – 81.8 41.1 16.0 14.9 21.6 2609.1 3730.1 1053.1 2677.0 293.7 180.2 Change 2012 over 2011 2012 share of total -11.9% -2.2% -0.7% -11.3% 4.4% -4.4% 25.1% -7.3% – 6.0% – 5.3% 2.5% 2.0% -23.8% 3.8% 1.2% -9.5% -13.4% -7.8% -23.4% -15.1% 20.1% 3.9% -0.5% -1.9% 16.9% 0.3% 2.6% -5.5% 8.2% -0.5% -4.0% 31.4% -9.5% 11.7% 0.6% 0.2% 12.6% ◆ -3.5% 24.2% -25.7% 6.5% -5.6% –6.9% 24.0% -0.3% -1.7% 2.2% -2.1% 10.8% – – – – -2.6% 9.2% – 1.9% 0.5% 1.1% 0.6% -4.9% 5.8% 6.1% -1.7% 9.9% 2.8% 5.4% -3.2% 21.3% -1.8% 13.2% – -2.4% -1.2% -0.3% -0.8% 1.6% 5.6% 2.5% -4.2% 5.4% 3.4% 2.2% ◆ 0.4% 0.2% 0.1% – ◆ – ◆ 0.1% 0.8% 0.1% ◆ ◆ 0.1% 0.2% 0.4% 0.1% 0.1% 0.3% 2.1% 0.2% 0.1% ◆ 0.4% 0.9% ◆ 0.2% ◆ 1.4% 0.1% 0.2% 2.5% 0.1% 0.5% ◆ ◆ 0.8% – 1.2% 1.0% ◆ 0.6% 13.9% ◆ 0.2% – – – – ◆ 0.3% – ◆ 2.4% 0.2% 2.6% 1.3% ◆ 50.2% 0.2% 8.0% 1.4% 3.3% 0.4% ◆ 0.1% 0.3% – 2.2% 1.1% 0.4% 0.4% 0.6% 69.9% 100.0% 28.2% 71.8% 7.9% 4.8% *Commercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal. †Less than 0.05. ◆Less than 0.05%. Notes: Differences between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics are accounted for by stock changes, and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of coal supply and demand data. Growth rates are adjusted for leap years. 33
  • 36. Production by region Consumption by region Million tonnes oil equivalent Million tonnes oil equivalent 4000 Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Europe & Eurasia S. & Cent. America North America 4000 Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Europe & Eurasia S. & Cent. America North America 3500 3500 3000 2500 07 12 1000 500 02 1500 1000 97 2000 1500 92 2500 2000 87 3000 500 0 87 92 97 02 07 12 Global coal production grew by 2%. The Asia Pacific region accounted for all of the net increase, offsetting a large decline in the US. The Asia Pacific region now accounts for more than two-thirds of global output. Coal consumption increased by a below-average 2.5%. The Asia Pacific region was also responsible for all of the net growth in global consumption. A second consecutive large decline in North America (-11.3%) more than offset growth in other regions; EU consumption grew for a third consecutive year. Consumption per capita 2012 Tonnes oil equivalent 0-0.25 0.25-0.5 0.5-1.0 1.0-1.5 > 1.5 34 0
  • 37. Nuclear energy Consumption* Million tonnes oil equivalent US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 185.8 17.0 2.2 205.0 1.3 3.1 – – – – – – – 4.4 – – – 10.7 4.6 4.2 – 5.1 98.8 37.3 – 3.2 – – – 3.2 0.9 – – – 1.2 32.1 4.1 14.3 15.4 6.1 – – 17.7 19.9 – 1.8 280.5 – – – – – – – – – – 2.9 – 2.9 – – 5.7 – 4.4 – 71.3 – – 0.4 – – 27.0 8.9 – – – 117.7 610.5 524.5 86.0 224.2 53.4 181.9 16.8 2.4 201.1 1.7 3.0 – – – – – – – 4.7 – – – 10.7 4.5 5.9 – 5.2 99.8 37.4 – 2.5 – – – 3.5 0.9 – – – 1.1 33.6 4.0 14.0 15.3 6.2 – – 18.4 20.1 – 1.6 284.8 – – – – – – – – – – 3.0 – 3.0 – – 9.8 – 4.1 – 52.1 – – 0.4 – – 29.3 8.8 – – – 104.6 598.3 505.7 92.6 226.0 56.0 187.8 20.3 2.1 210.2 1.8 2.6 – – – – – – – 4.4 – – – 10.7 4.4 6.0 – 5.2 101.7 37.8 – 2.7 – – – 3.4 0.9 – – – 1.3 32.7 3.9 14.4 17.3 6.1 – – 19.7 18.1 – 1.8 287.9 – – – – – – – – – – 3.4 – 3.4 – – 11.4 – 3.8 – 64.7 – – 0.5 – – 29.6 8.9 – – – 119.0 624.9 530.4 94.6 228.9 56.4 186.3 20.7 2.4 209.4 1.6 2.2 – – – – – – – 3.8 – – – 10.8 4.2 5.6 – 5.3 102.4 36.9 – 3.1 – – – 2.3 0.9 – – – 1.3 33.4 4.0 13.0 16.4 5.2 – – 20.1 18.5 – 1.9 285.4 – – – – – – – – – – 2.9 – 2.9 – – 12.0 – 4.0 – 66.3 – – 0.6 – – 33.2 9.0 – – – 125.2 626.7 532.4 94.3 226.0 56.4 187.5 22.0 2.5 212.0 1.7 3.1 – – – – – – – 4.8 – – – 10.6 4.4 5.9 – 5.2 102.1 37.9 – 3.0 – – – 2.0 0.8 – – – 1.3 35.4 4.1 13.6 15.2 6.3 – – 20.4 17.1 – 1.9 287.0 – – – – – – – – – – 2.7 – 2.7 – – 12.4 – 4.0 – 69.0 – – 0.6 – – 33.7 9.0 – – – 128.7 635.2 537.6 97.6 224.3 58.4 192.1 21.0 2.4 215.4 1.6 2.8 – – – – – – – 4.4 – – – 10.9 3.3 5.9 – 5.4 99.7 31.8 – 3.3 – – – 2.2 1.0 – – – 1.7 36.2 3.5 12.5 15.2 6.3 – – 20.9 14.3 – 1.9 275.9 – – – – – – – – – – 2.8 – 2.8 – – 14.1 – 4.0 – 63.1 – – 0.6 – – 32.3 9.2 – – – 123.3 621.8 521.8 100.1 211.9 60.0 192.0 21.1 2.2 215.4 1.6 3.2 – – – – – – – 4.8 – – – 10.3 3.6 6.0 – 5.3 99.6 33.7 – 3.4 – – – 2.2 0.9 – – – 2.5 36.9 3.8 13.3 14.5 6.2 – – 20.3 11.9 – 2.0 276.5 – – – – – – – – – – 2.7 – 2.7 – – 15.5 – 3.4 – 57.0 – – 0.4 – – 34.2 9.2 – – – 119.7 619.0 516.8 102.2 212.5 60.0 190.3 20.3 2.4 213.0 1.8 2.9 – – – – – – – 4.7 – – – 10.7 3.5 6.2 – 5.4 92.8 30.5 – 3.5 – – – 2.5 1.0 – – – 2.7 37.0 3.2 11.9 11.9 6.2 – – 18.8 15.6 – 1.9 265.1 – – – – – – – – – – 3.1 – 3.1 – – 15.9 – 3.8 – 65.0 – – 0.6 – – 33.4 9.4 – – – 128.2 614.1 511.6 102.5 202.5 58.8 192.2 20.3 1.3 213.8 1.6 3.3 – – – – – – – 4.9 – – – 10.8 3.5 6.3 – 5.2 96.9 31.8 – 3.6 – – – – 0.9 – – – 2.6 38.6 3.3 14.0 13.2 6.0 – – 20.2 14.1 – 1.8 272.9 – – – – – – – – – – 3.1 – 3.1 – – 16.7 – 5.2 – 66.2 – – 0.6 – – 33.6 9.4 – – – 131.7 626.4 521.1 105.2 207.6 59.3 188.2 21.4 2.3 211.9 1.3 3.5 – – – – – – – 4.9 – – – 10.9 3.7 6.4 – 5.3 100.0 24.4 – 3.5 – – – – 0.9 – – – 2.7 39.1 3.5 13.1 13.8 6.1 – – 20.4 15.6 – 2.0 271.5 † – – – – – – † – – 2.9 – 2.9 – – 19.5 – 7.3 – 36.9 – – 0.9 – – 35.0 9.5 – – – 109.1 600.4 488.9 111.5 205.3 60.1 Change 2012 over 2011 2012 share of total 183.2 -2.9% 21.7 0.8% 2.0 -13.3% 206.9 –2.6% 1.4 5.2% 3.6 2.2% – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 5.0 3.0% – – – – – – 9.1 -16.7% 3.6 -3.6% 6.9 6.9% – – 5.3 -1.2% 96.3 -4.0% 22.5 -8.1% – – 3.6 0.4% – – – – – – – – 0.9 -4.8% – – – – – – 2.6 -2.7% 40.3 2.7% 3.5 0.3% 13.9 6.0% 14.6 5.5% 5.8 -5.0% – – – – 20.4 -0.4% 15.9 1.8% – – 1.8 -10.8% 266.9 -2.0% 0.3 1252.0% – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.3 1252.0% – – – – 3.2 11.3% – – 3.2 11.3% – – – – 22.0 12.5% – – 7.5 2.6% – – 4.1 -89.0% – – – – 1.3 46.5% – – – – 34.0 -3.1% 9.1 -4.3% – – – – – – 78.1 -28.7% 560.4 -6.9% 444.5 -9.3% 115.9 3.7% 199.8 -2.9% 61.2 1.6% 32.7% 3.9% 0.4% 36.9% 0.3% 0.6% – – – – – – – 0.9% – – – 1.6% 0.6% 1.2% – 0.9% 17.2% 4.0% – 0.6% – – – – 0.2% – – – 0.5% 7.2% 0.6% 2.5% 2.6% 1.0% – – 3.6% 2.8% – 0.3% 47.6% 0.1% – – – – – – 0.1% – – 0.6% – 0.6% – – 3.9% – 1.3% – 0.7% – – 0.2% – – 6.1% 1.6% – – – 13.9% 100.0% 79.3% 20.7% 35.7% 10.9% 2012 *Based on gross generation and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in a modern thermal power station. †Less than 0.05. Notes: Nuclear energy data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at bp.com/statisticalreview. Growth rates are adjusted for leap years. 35
  • 38. Hydroelectricity Consumption* Million tonnes oil equivalent US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 60.4 79.1 5.6 145.1 9.4 64.7 5.2 7.7 1.7 4.1 – 13.5 17.8 124.1 9.1 0.5 † 0.1 0.5 0.6 † 2.4 13.9 5.4 0.8 † 0.2 8.9 2.0 0.1 † 29.4 0.9 1.9 3.6 37.1 1.2 5.2 15.0 8.0 7.6 † 2.2 1.1 1.6 16.8 176.3 1.8 † – – – – 1.1 2.9 † 3.2 0.5 15.0 18.7 3.6 0.2 65.2 – 15.5 2.3 18.9 1.2 5.6 4.6 1.6 – 0.7 0.6 1.7 4.1 5.5 131.4 598.5 293.4 305.1 72.4 51.9 63.0 76.1 4.5 143.6 8.8 69.2 5.2 8.2 1.6 4.2 – 13.7 18.1 129.0 7.5 0.6 † 0.1 0.7 0.4 † 2.1 13.5 4.0 1.2 † 0.1 8.3 2.0 0.1 † 24.0 0.7 3.6 3.0 35.7 0.8 9.3 12.1 7.9 8.0 † 2.1 0.7 1.7 17.7 168.0 2.2 † – – – – 1.0 3.2 0.1 2.9 0.2 15.1 18.2 3.7 0.3 64.2 – 15.7 2.1 21.1 1.3 5.3 5.8 1.8 – 1.1 0.7 1.7 4.3 6.0 135.0 597.1 286.9 310.1 69.7 51.2 61.3 76.6 5.7 143.6 8.0 72.6 4.9 8.7 1.6 4.0 – 15.9 17.7 133.4 8.3 0.6 † 0.1 0.7 0.6 † 3.4 13.5 4.5 1.2 † 0.1 9.6 1.8 0.1 † 24.7 0.5 2.3 3.7 40.2 1.0 7.2 13.7 7.6 10.4 † 2.7 1.1 1.6 18.9 180.2 2.7 † – – – – 1.3 4.0 0.1 2.9 0.2 16.5 19.6 3.6 0.3 80.0 – 19.0 2.2 21.1 1.3 6.1 5.5 1.9 – 1.0 0.7 1.4 4.3 6.1 154.3 635.2 292.7 342.5 73.3 56.2 61.8 82.1 6.2 150.1 9.0 76.4 6.0 8.9 1.5 4.1 – 17.5 18.3 141.5 8.3 0.7 † 0.1 1.0 0.7 † 3.1 11.8 4.4 1.3 † 0.1 8.2 1.8 0.1 † 30.9 0.5 1.2 4.6 39.5 1.1 4.0 16.5 7.1 9.0 † 2.8 1.1 1.4 19.1 180.2 3.0 † – – – – 2.4 5.3 0.1 2.9 0.2 17.3 20.4 3.6 0.3 89.8 – 22.0 2.4 17.9 1.2 5.3 6.9 1.9 – 0.8 0.9 1.3 3.7 6.5 164.6 662.2 295.3 366.9 69.6 55.8 66.1 80.2 6.9 153.2 9.8 78.9 6.6 9.2 1.6 4.4 – 18.5 18.4 147.4 8.1 0.6 † 0.1 0.9 0.7 † 2.6 12.7 4.5 1.5 † 0.2 8.4 1.8 0.1 † 27.1 0.5 2.6 4.2 39.6 1.0 5.8 14.0 7.0 10.0 † 2.9 1.0 1.4 18.4 177.7 4.2 † – – – – 2.5 6.6 † 2.9 0.3 18.0 21.3 3.6 0.3 98.6 – 25.4 2.2 20.4 1.6 5.3 6.8 2.2 – 0.8 0.9 1.8 4.5 7.4 181.9 688.1 300.2 387.8 70.3 55.5 56.6 83.6 6.1 146.3 8.5 84.6 5.2 9.5 2.0 4.4 – 18.8 19.4 152.4 8.4 0.5 † 0.1 0.7 0.6 † 3.2 13.2 4.8 0.8 † 0.2 7.4 1.8 0.1 † 30.6 0.5 2.3 3.6 40.5 1.0 6.2 15.0 8.0 8.1 † 2.3 1.1 1.4 17.7 180.2 4.1 † – – – – 2.2 6.3 0.1 3.5 0.6 17.5 21.6 3.3 0.3 109.8 – 27.7 2.6 17.5 1.5 5.3 7.1 1.9 – 0.8 1.0 1.8 5.1 8.1 193.9 700.7 292.7 408.1 70.6 56.4 58.2 85.2 8.8 152.2 8.4 83.6 5.4 9.9 2.5 4.3 – 19.6 19.4 153.2 8.7 0.5 † 0.1 0.7 0.5 † 3.9 13.6 4.6 0.9 † 0.2 9.4 1.7 0.1 † 31.8 0.5 1.7 3.9 37.7 1.0 5.3 15.7 8.2 7.5 † 2.6 1.2 2.6 18.5 183.0 1.7 † – – – – 1.5 3.2 0.1 3.3 0.2 17.8 21.4 2.7 0.3 132.4 – 26.0 2.6 17.5 2.0 5.1 6.1 2.2 – 0.7 0.9 1.6 5.9 8.5 214.6 727.6 302.2 425.4 73.6 53.9 62.5 82.9 6.0 151.4 9.2 88.5 5.6 9.3 2.1 4.5 – 19.5 19.2 157.8 9.2 0.5 † 0.1 0.8 0.7 † 2.9 13.0 4.3 1.3 0.1 0.2 11.1 1.6 0.1 † 28.8 0.5 2.0 3.6 39.9 1.0 6.0 14.9 8.1 8.1 † 2.7 1.2 2.1 20.2 184.9 1.5 † – – – – 1.3 2.8 0.1 2.9 0.2 18.8 22.0 2.5 0.4 139.3 – 24.0 2.6 16.4 1.6 5.5 6.4 2.2 – 0.6 0.8 1.6 6.8 8.2 218.9 737.7 299.5 438.3 74.9 55.6 59.5 79.4 8.3 147.2 9.2 91.2 4.9 9.1 2.0 4.5 – 17.4 20.3 158.6 8.7 0.8 † 0.1 1.1 0.8 † 2.9 14.3 4.8 1.7 † 0.1 11.6 1.8 0.1 † 26.7 0.7 3.8 4.5 38.1 1.3 9.6 15.1 8.2 11.7 † 2.9 0.8 2.3 23.4 197.9 2.2 † – – – – 1.9 4.0 † 3.0 0.3 20.1 23.4 2.9 0.4 163.4 – 25.0 3.9 20.6 1.6 5.6 6.7 1.8 – 0.8 0.9 1.3 6.2 10.0 251.0 782.1 308.7 473.4 83.9 55.8 73.0 85.2 8.1 166.3 9.0 96.9 4.7 10.9 2.5 4.9 – 18.8 20.1 167.9 6.8 0.6 † † 0.7 0.6 † 2.8 10.3 4.0 0.9 0.1 0.2 10.4 1.8 0.1 † 27.6 0.5 2.8 3.4 37.9 0.9 6.9 15.1 7.2 11.8 † 2.4 1.3 2.3 19.5 179.0 2.2 † – – – – 2.1 4.3 0.1 2.9 0.4 19.0 22.5 3.4 0.4 158.2 – 29.8 2.8 19.4 1.9 5.7 6.9 2.2 – 1.0 0.9 1.8 9.3 11.2 254.7 794.7 314.5 480.2 69.3 55.1 63.2 86.0 7.1 156.3 8.4 94.5 4.6 10.8 2.8 5.0 – 18.6 21.1 165.7 8.9 0.4 † 0.1 0.7 0.7 † 3.8 13.2 4.8 1.0 † 0.2 9.4 1.8 0.1 † 32.3 0.5 1.5 2.8 37.8 1.0 4.6 17.8 8.6 13.1 † 2.4 1.2 2.3 19.8 190.8 2.9 † – – – – 2.2 5.1 0.1 3.0 0.4 20.6 24.1 4.1 0.4 194.8 – 26.2 2.9 18.3 1.8 5.2 6.4 2.5 – 0.7 1.2 2.0 11.9 10.7 289.0 831.1 315.6 515.5 74.0 54.9 Change 2012 over 2011 2012 share of total -13.6% 0.7% -12.9% -6.3% -7.0% -2.8% -2.5% -1.7% 9.6% 1.8% – -1.8% 5.0% -1.6% 30.1% -32.1% 9.7% 90.6% 10.3% 6.7% 3.3% 34.7% 27.4% 19.4% 6.6% -7.2% 41.0% -9.8% 1.2% -42.7% 85.5% 16.7% -12.9% -45.7% -18.9% -0.6% 5.5% -33.2% 17.8% 19.3% 10.3% 7.6% 10.4% 0.9% 18.8% 1.0% 11.4% 0.6% 1.3% 0.3% 0.6% – 2.2% 2.5% 19.9% 1.1% -0.4% -8.3% -1.3% 1.3% 6.3% 28.3% 0.3% 0.1% 0.3% 2.4% 23.0% 0.3% – – – – 8.0% 18.5% 2.6% 3.0% -3.1% 8.1% 7.2% 19.7% -3.8% 22.8% – -12.3% 2.7% -5.7% -1.6% -9.4% -6.7% 11.6% – -32.2% 41.3% 6.2% 28.7% -4.7% 13.2% 4.3% 0.1% 7.1% 6.5% -0.6% – – – – 0.3% 0.6% ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 0.1% 0.1% ♦ 0.5% 1.6% 0.6% 0.1% ♦ ♦ 1.1% 0.2% ♦ ♦ 3.9% 0.1% 0.2% 0.3% 4.5% 0.1% 0.6% 2.1% 1.0% 1.6% ♦ ♦ ♦ 0.4% 0.1% 2.5% 2.9% 0.5% ♦ 23.4% – 3.1% 0.3% 2.2% 0.2% 0.6% 0.8% 0.3% – 0.1% 0.1% 0.2% 1.4% 1.3% 34.8% 100.0% 38.0% 62.0% 8.9% 6.6% *Based on gross primary generation and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in a modern thermal power station. †Less than 0.05. ◆Less than 0.05%. Notes: Hydroelectricity data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at bp.com/statisticalreview. Growth rates are adjusted for leap years. 36
  • 39. Nuclear energy consumption by region Hydroelectricity consumption by region Million tonnes oil equivalent Million tonnes oil equivalent 700 Rest of World Asia Pacific Europe & Eurasia North America 900 Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Europe & Eurasia S. & Cent. America North America 600 800 700 500 600 400 500 400 300 300 200 200 100 100 87 92 97 02 07 12 0 87 92 97 02 07 12 0 World nuclear power generation declined by 6.9%, the largest decline on record for a second consecutive year. Japanese nuclear output fell by 89%. Nuclear’s share of global primary energy was the lowest since 1984. Global hydroelectric output grew by an above-average 4.3%. China accounted for all of the net increase, recording the largest national annual increment in our data set. Other renewables consumption by region Other renewables share of power generation by region Million tonnes oil equivalent Percentage 250 Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Europe & Eurasia S. & Cent. America North America 9 World Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Europe & Eurasia S. & Cent. America North America 225 200 8 7 175 6 150 5 125 4 100 3 75 2 50 1 25 92 94 96 98 00 02 04 06 08 10 12 0 92 94 96 98 00 02 04 06 08 10 12 0 Renewable energy in power generation grew by an above-average 15.2%. Europe & Eurasia delivered the largest growth increment and continues to hold the largest regional share of the global total (accounting for 41.7% of the world total). Renewable energy accounted for a record 4.7% of global power generation, with an 8.2% share in Europe & Eurasia. 37
  • 40. Renewable energy Other renewables consumption* Million tonnes oil equivalent 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union 18.7 2.3 1.3 22.3 0.2 3.1 0.5 0.1 – † † – 1.1 5.1 0.4 – – 0.4 – 0.1 1.5 2.0 0.8 5.0 0.2 † 0.1 2.2 – † 0.9 0.1 0.1 0.5 – † † 2.9 1.1 0.2 0.1 – † 1.4 – 0.4 20.5 – † – – – – † † – † 0.1 0.4 0.5 0.4 † 0.8 – 1.0 1.4 4.8 – 0.8 – 2.3 0.2 0.1 0.7 0.2 – † 12.5 60.9 49.2 11.7 19.7 0.1 18.8 2.3 1.6 22.7 0.3 3.5 0.4 0.1 – † † – 1.4 5.8 0.5 – – 0.4 – 0.1 1.8 2.1 0.9 6.2 0.3 † 0.1 2.6 – † 0.9 0.2 0.1 0.5 † 0.1 † 3.6 1.2 0.2 0.1 – † 1.7 – 0.4 23.9 – † – – – – † † – 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.6 0.6 † 0.8 – 1.2 1.4 5.2 – 0.7 – 2.1 0.2 0.1 0.7 0.3 – † 13.4 66.4 53.5 12.8 23.1 0.1 19.6 2.3 1.7 23.6 0.3 3.7 0.5 0.2 † † † – 1.4 6.1 0.7 – † 0.5 † 0.2 2.2 2.4 1.0 8.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 2.9 – † 1.2 0.2 0.2 0.6 † 0.1 † 4.4 1.8 0.2 0.1 – † 2.1 – 0.4 29.9 † † – – – – † † – 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.7 0.8 † 0.9 – 1.9 1.5 5.4 – 0.8 – 2.3 0.2 0.1 0.7 0.3 – † 15.1 75.5 61.1 14.4 29.0 0.1 20.6 2.5 1.8 25.0 0.3 4.2 0.4 0.2 † 0.1 † – 1.3 6.5 0.9 – † 0.6 † 0.2 2.2 2.2 1.1 9.6 0.3 0.4 0.3 3.1 – † 1.7 0.2 0.4 0.8 † 0.1 † 5.6 1.9 0.2 0.1 – † 2.7 – 0.5 35.1 † † – – – – † † – 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.7 1.2 † 1.1 – 2.3 1.5 6.5 – 1.0 – 2.2 0.2 0.1 0.7 0.4 † 0.1 17.2 84.6 69.1 15.5 34.1 0.2 22.7 2.6 1.7 27.1 0.7 4.3 0.3 0.2 † 0.1 † – 1.3 7.0 1.2 – † 0.8 † 0.2 2.1 2.5 1.4 11.7 0.4 0.3 0.4 3.5 † † 1.8 0.3 0.5 1.1 † 0.1 0.1 6.2 2.1 0.3 0.1 – † 3.1 – 0.7 40.7 † † – – – – † † – 0.1 0.1 0.7 0.9 1.4 † 1.5 † 3.3 1.5 6.6 – 1.0 – 2.4 0.2 0.1 0.8 0.3 † 0.1 19.3 95.0 77.1 17.9 39.4 0.2 24.7 2.7 1.9 29.4 0.7 5.0 0.6 0.2 † 0.1 † – 1.5 8.2 1.4 – † 1.0 † 0.3 2.3 2.3 1.9 15.2 0.5 0.3 0.5 3.8 † † 1.7 0.3 0.7 1.4 † 0.1 0.1 7.2 2.5 0.3 0.2 – † 3.3 – 1.0 48.3 † † – – – – † † – 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.8 1.6 † 1.9 † 4.0 1.6 6.9 † 1.1 – 2.3 0.2 0.2 0.9 0.4 † 0.1 21.4 108.1 88.0 20.1 46.5 0.2 29.5 2.6 1.8 33.9 0.7 5.5 0.7 0.2 † 0.1 † – 1.7 9.0 1.4 – † 1.2 † 0.4 2.3 2.4 2.3 16.4 0.6 0.5 0.6 4.1 † † 2.1 0.3 1.0 1.8 † 0.1 0.1 8.7 2.8 0.3 0.3 – † 3.8 – 1.1 54.7 † † – – – – † † – 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.9 1.7 † 3.6 † 4.8 1.9 6.8 † 1.3 – 2.4 0.2 0.3 0.9 0.6 † 0.1 24.7 123.2 99.2 24.1 52.7 0.2 33.6 3.4 1.9 38.9 0.7 5.9 1.0 0.2 † 0.1 † – 2.0 9.9 1.4 † † 1.5 0.1 0.5 2.3 2.0 2.8 17.1 0.6 0.6 0.7 4.6 † 0.1 2.4 0.3 1.4 2.3 † 0.1 0.1 10.7 3.1 0.3 0.5 – † 4.5 – 1.2 61.4 0.1 † – – – † † 0.1 – 0.2 0.1 0.7 1.0 1.7 † 6.9 † 6.3 2.1 6.8 0.3 1.6 † 2.4 0.3 0.5 0.9 0.7 † 0.1 30.7 142.0 111.5 30.5 59.1 0.3 38.9 4.1 2.0 45.0 0.5 7.3 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.2 † – 2.1 11.0 1.5 † 0.1 1.8 0.2 0.7 2.8 2.5 3.4 18.9 0.7 0.6 0.7 5.8 † 0.1 2.5 0.3 1.8 2.8 0.1 0.1 0.2 12.5 3.5 0.3 0.9 – † 5.0 – 1.3 71.1 † † – – – † † 0.1 – 0.3 0.1 0.9 1.2 1.9 † 14.1 † 7.6 2.1 7.2 0.3 1.8 † 2.3 0.3 0.6 1.0 0.8 † 0.1 40.2 168.6 127.6 41.0 68.3 0.4 45.0 3.9 2.0 50.9 0.5 9.0 0.9 0.2 0.1 0.2 † – 2.1 13.0 1.5 – 0.1 2.2 0.2 1.2 3.2 2.6 4.4 24.0 0.9 0.6 1.1 8.4 † 0.1 2.8 0.4 2.4 2.8 0.3 0.1 0.2 12.6 4.0 0.4 1.3 – † 6.6 – 1.4 85.9 † 0.1 – – – † † 0.1 † 0.3 0.1 0.9 1.3 2.2 † 25.4 † 9.2 2.2 7.5 0.3 2.0 † 2.3 0.3 0.7 1.2 0.9 † 0.1 54.4 205.6 149.1 56.4 82.5 0.5 *Based on gross generation from renewable sources including wind, geothermal, solar, biomass and waste, and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in a modern thermal power station. †Less than 0.05. ◆Less than 0.05%. Notes: Other renewables data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at bp.com/statisticalreview. Growth rates are adjusted for leap years. 38 Change 2012 over 2011 2012 share of total 50.7 12.3% 4.3 10.5% 2.0 -1.7% 57.0 11.6% 0.6 13.4% 11.2 24.5% 0.9 1.5% 0.2 0.7% 0.1 5.9% 0.2 6.6% † – – – 2.4 14.1% 15.6 20.1% 1.6 8.9% – – ♦ 0.1 2.6 16.4% 0.3 42.2% 1.3 12.4% 3.4 4.2% 2.6 0.1% 5.4 22.8% 26.0 8.2% 1.1 21.3% 0.6 5.1% 1.0 -4.1% 10.9 29.5% ♦ † 0.2 11.9% 2.7 -1.3% 0.5 14.3% 3.1 28.0% 3.1 10.1% 0.6 102.3% 0.1 5.9% 0.3 24.1% 14.9 18.3% 4.2 6.0% 0.4 10.1% 1.6 21.6% – – 0.1 386.9% 8.4 28.2% – – 1.7 15.4% 99.1 15.1% ♦ † 0.1 46.3% – – – – – – ♦ † ♦ † 0.1 27.5% 0.1 86.6% 0.3 1.1% 0.1 – 0.9 4.0% 1.4 4.8% 2.8 23.3% ♦ † 31.9 25.1% † 22.0% 10.9 18.4% 2.2 2.0% 8.2 8.5% 0.3 -3.3% 2.0 1.8% † – 2.3 1.9% 0.3 -3.1% 0.8 13.7% 1.1 -1.8% 1.2 23.3% ♦ † 0.1 0.2% 64.1 17.7% 237.4 15.2% 169.2 13.2% 68.2 20.5% 95.0 14.9% 0.6 33.5% 21.4% 1.8% 0.8% 24.0% 0.3% 4.7% 0.4% 0.1% 2012 ♦ 0.1% ♦ – 1.0% 6.6% 0.7% – ♦ 1.1% 0.1% 0.6% 1.4% 1.1% 2.3% 10.9% 0.5% 0.2% 0.4% 4.6% ♦ 0.1% 1.2% 0.2% 1.3% 1.3% 0.3% 0.1% 0.1% 6.3% 1.8% 0.2% 0.7% – 0.1% 3.5% – 0.7% 41.7% ♦ ♦ – – – ♦ ♦ 0.1% ♦ 0.1% ♦ 0.4% 0.6% 1.2% ♦ 13.4% ♦ 4.6% 0.9% 3.4% 0.1% 0.8% ♦ 1.0% 0.1% 0.3% 0.5% 0.5% ♦ 0.1% 27.0% 100.0% 71.3% 28.7% 40.0% 0.3%
  • 41. Biofuels production 2002 Thousand tonnes oil equivalent US Canada Total North America Argentina Brazil Colombia Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Belgium Finland France Germany Italy Netherlands Poland Portugal Spain Sweden United Kingdom Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Total Middle East Total Africa Australia China India Indonesia South Korea Thailand Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Change 2012 over 2011 2012 share of total 3987 113 4100 9 6149 – 123 6280 22 – – 337 385 180 – – – 122 31 3 126 1206 – 6 – 146 91 – 1 – – 238 11830 5307 6523 1206 – 5226 113 5339 9 7068 – 151 7227 26 – – 368 613 232 – 28 – 173 32 9 138 1619 – 6 – 396 94 – 2 – – 491 14682 6960 7722 1619 – 6374 114 6488 9 7154 – 148 7311 48 – 1 387 890 272 6 6 – 210 43 9 165 2037 – 6 4 493 99 – 4 3 – 604 16446 8522 7924 2028 11 7478 133 7612 9 7835 14 235 8093 70 1 6 439 1525 340 3 109 1 282 48 39 293 3157 – 6 20 622 114 9 9 52 10 834 19701 10779 8922 3133 22 9746 160 9906 29 8729 131 515 9405 105 21 11 665 2488 585 22 144 70 251 81 219 395 5058 – 6 54 846 134 44 39 80 106 1304 25678 15021 10657 5007 28 13456 461 13922 228 11323 141 610 12303 220 140 51 1121 3181 443 80 96 153 352 139 359 491 6826 – 6 70 901 136 216 74 138 196 1732 34788 20780 14008 6748 50 19149 501 19654 632 14093 239 787 15751 263 278 96 2012 2720 617 77 278 145 359 171 276 931 8224 – 11 111 1096 161 528 141 494 385 2916 46556 27900 18656 8078 130 21697 721 22422 1048 13962 326 606 15942 354 473 267 2312 2728 758 241 393 202 958 238 180 1175 10280 – 15 174 1124 183 464 343 618 422 3329 51988 32897 19091 10096 210 25568 790 26371 1656 15575 318 314 17863 375 462 363 2269 2888 670 385 421 275 1267 214 304 1231 11125 4 30 251 1441 164 718 491 661 345 4071 59465 37928 21536 10976 182 28518 929 29459 2218 13197 386 457 16259 370 503 363 1859 2825 456 559 398 293 809 212 253 1242 10143 4 23 265 1597 210 1104 211 721 289 4397 60286 39726 20560 9998 159 27360 949 28321 2267 13547 403 458 16675 370 510 363 1820 2894 313 459 630 338 575 227 321 1203 10022 4 23 251 1729 294 1212 211 994 483 5174 60220 38457 21763 9878 174 -4.3% 1.9% -4.1% 1.9% 2.4% 4.0% – 2.3% -0.3% 1.1% -0.3% -2.4% 2.2% -31.6% -18.0% 57.9% 15.0% -29.1% 6.6% 26.2% -3.4% -1.5% – – -5.6% 8.0% 39.9% 9.4% -0.3% 37.5% 66.5% 17.3% -0.4% -3.5% 5.6% -1.5% 9.4% 45.4% 1.6% 47.0% 3.8% 22.5% 0.7% 0.8% 27.7% 0.6% 0.8% 0.6% 3.0% 4.8% 0.5% 0.8% 1.0% 0.6% 1.0% 0.4% 0.5% 2.0% 16.6% ◆Less than 0.05%. Notes: Consumption of fuel ethanol and biodiesel is included in oil consumption tables. Growth rates are adjusted for leap years. ♦ ♦ 0.4% 2.9% 0.5% 2.0% 0.4% 1.6% 0.8% 8.6% 100.0% 63.9% 36.1% 16.4% 0.3% Source: Includes data from F.O. Lichts; US Energy Information Administration. World biofuels production Million tonnes oil equivalent 80 Rest of World Europe & Eurasia S. & Cent. America North America Ethanol 2002 Ethanol 2012 Biodiesel 2002 Biodiesel 2012 30 60 20 40 10 20 02 04 06 08 10 12 0 North America S. & Cent. America Europe & Eurasia Rest of World 0 World biofuels production declined by 0.4% in 2012, the first decline since 2000. Increased output in South America and Asia Pacific was outweighed by declines in North America and Europe. Global ethanol output declined by 1.7%, the second straight annual decline. Biodiesel production grew by 2.7% and has doubled in the last five years and now makes up 31% of total biofuel supply. 39
  • 42. Primary energy Consumption* Million tonnes oil equivalent US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union 2002 2295.5 305.1 140.5 2741.1 56.7 186.1 25.2 25.5 8.6 12.1 12.1 69.4 79.2 474.9 33.3 10.9 21.7 62.3 18.2 41.6 19.9 28.2 255.8 334.0 33.0 23.6 14.5 175.4 40.9 8.5 91.2 43.6 87.7 25.5 38.6 628.2 18.7 137.5 50.7 29.3 73.1 15.4 133.0 221.7 55.0 80.7 2852.0 144.3 20.1 21.7 13.0 127.6 52.8 84.9 464.3 28.6 53.5 103.7 106.2 291.9 113.5 14.8 1073.8 20.8 310.8 107.5 513.3 53.1 19.3 47.4 25.8 41.6 203.0 94.5 72.1 21.4 41.1 2773.7 9597.8 5454.4 4143.4 1743.1 937.7 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 than 0.05%. Notes: Oil consumption is measured in million tonnes; other fuels in million tonnes of oil equivalent. Growth rates are adjusted for leap years. 40 2010 2011 2012 2302.3 2348.8 2351.2 2332.7 2372.7 2319.8 2205.8 2281.2 2265.2 2208.8 328.8 312.1 315.5 324.1 321.4 327.5 326.1 311.7 315.6 328.6 187.7 147.6 153.4 164.5 168.8 167.8 170.8 171.7 173.9 180.5 2762.1 2817.7 2839.8 2822.9 2867.9 2816.7 2689.2 2770.8 2774.3 2725.4 82.1 61.1 64.4 68.8 71.8 74.7 76.5 75.7 77.3 80.4 274.7 189.7 199.9 206.5 212.4 225.9 236.0 235.2 257.5 269.7 35.5 25.7 27.3 28.3 30.3 30.7 30.4 30.6 29.9 33.3 36.5 26.2 26.8 28.2 28.8 29.5 30.4 31.9 33.3 35.9 14.4 8.9 9.2 9.7 10.3 10.9 11.6 11.5 12.8 13.6 22.3 12.0 12.8 13.4 13.6 14.9 16.2 16.6 18.9 20.6 21.2 13.2 14.5 15.9 20.5 21.4 21.0 21.7 22.8 22.4 86.8 61.4 68.6 71.0 77.1 76.0 83.0 82.3 83.2 84.7 91.8 82.8 83.3 82.9 84.6 86.9 85.1 84.7 87.3 89.0 665.3 480.9 506.8 524.8 549.4 570.9 590.3 590.2 623.0 649.5 33.1 34.0 34.7 35.2 35.0 34.2 34.8 34.1 35.2 32.0 12.2 11.8 12.6 13.8 13.6 12.3 12.3 10.9 10.7 11.9 25.9 21.3 23.4 23.8 25.3 24.4 25.7 24.0 25.2 25.6 60.6 65.2 65.0 64.6 64.7 65.0 67.2 62.7 66.4 63.7 17.9 19.3 19.0 19.6 20.0 19.4 19.5 17.0 17.8 19.1 41.9 43.7 45.3 45.3 46.1 45.5 44.5 41.8 43.5 42.8 17.0 21.4 20.5 19.8 21.9 20.9 20.0 18.8 19.6 18.3 26.4 30.4 30.4 28.1 29.4 29.4 28.7 26.7 28.9 26.9 245.4 259.9 264.3 263.0 261.3 257.9 258.9 245.0 253.1 244.7 311.7 336.8 337.1 333.1 339.6 324.5 326.8 307.7 322.4 307.5 28.8 32.7 34.2 33.9 34.9 34.9 34.5 33.1 31.1 30.4 21.9 24.2 24.3 26.0 25.8 25.5 25.2 23.0 23.7 23.0 13.0 14.2 14.6 15.1 15.5 15.9 15.7 14.4 14.4 13.3 162.5 181.0 184.6 185.1 184.6 181.8 180.4 168.1 173.2 169.6 58.1 44.6 44.6 47.2 50.7 52.4 53.3 50.1 50.0 55.7 6.0 8.9 9.0 8.3 8.0 8.6 8.6 7.8 5.9 6.1 89.1 92.0 95.0 96.7 96.1 95.6 93.6 92.3 96.5 91.9 48.1 39.2 39.9 46.0 42.4 46.1 47.1 43.9 42.1 43.2 97.6 90.1 91.4 91.2 94.7 95.7 96.2 92.1 99.5 99.8 22.7 25.8 25.4 25.6 25.5 25.4 23.8 24.2 25.4 24.1 33.6 37.8 39.0 39.8 40.6 37.5 38.5 34.0 34.3 35.4 694.2 642.2 649.2 647.9 675.6 680.1 683.5 647.8 674.0 696.5 16.9 18.1 17.6 18.8 17.9 17.2 17.7 16.0 17.0 16.5 144.8 145.3 151.2 153.7 155.1 159.6 155.5 145.1 146.6 145.6 52.9 48.3 52.1 53.8 50.7 51.8 51.5 47.2 50.7 50.5 29.0 29.1 28.8 27.7 28.9 28.6 29.7 29.7 29.0 27.5 119.2 78.1 82.9 86.0 96.2 103.1 102.7 102.8 110.4 118.1 25.8 17.2 17.8 18.8 20.7 23.8 23.6 22.6 24.8 27.1 125.3 136.6 137.5 136.1 137.5 135.4 131.9 112.2 120.9 125.6 203.6 225.4 227.3 228.2 225.5 218.3 219.8 207.7 213.8 200.5 50.5 51.8 49.6 46.1 45.9 48.7 52.3 46.7 48.0 51.6 92.7 84.3 89.4 89.4 87.2 89.5 91.1 88.1 93.9 92.4 2910.9 2957.7 2967.7 3017.0 3009.2 3014.6 2837.8 2948.0 2936.6 2928.5 234.2 152.2 158.6 179.5 189.8 195.7 202.1 214.3 221.5 227.0 24.8 20.7 21.0 21.6 21.8 22.9 23.8 23.1 23.4 24.0 36.4 25.5 28.5 30.5 28.9 28.8 30.4 31.5 34.8 35.7 31.6 14.1 16.9 20.8 22.2 22.6 23.4 24.1 24.9 27.5 222.2 135.8 147.4 152.4 158.6 165.0 179.2 186.4 202.4 207.5 89.3 56.2 60.1 62.3 65.3 72.5 82.9 81.3 84.8 88.1 123.5 80.9 85.9 91.6 90.2 91.6 103.2 107.7 116.3 117.7 761.9 485.4 518.4 558.7 576.7 599.1 645.1 668.3 708.0 727.4 44.6 30.0 31.1 32.6 33.5 35.4 37.5 39.6 38.6 40.7 87.1 56.9 59.6 62.5 65.8 69.9 74.1 76.9 81.2 82.7 123.8 109.4 115.5 115.0 116.8 122.9 128.5 124.0 123.1 122.2 147.8 107.8 116.6 123.0 121.6 126.3 133.1 131.3 142.8 138.4 403.3 304.1 322.7 333.1 337.7 354.5 373.1 371.9 385.7 384.0 125.7 112.6 115.2 119.0 125.1 125.4 125.2 124.3 123.2 126.5 26.3 15.7 16.4 17.4 18.7 19.3 20.4 21.4 23.1 24.4 1245.3 1466.8 1601.2 1764.7 1878.7 1969.9 2101.5 2338.0 2540.8 2735.2 28.1 21.2 24.3 22.9 24.7 26.2 24.5 27.0 27.7 28.6 563.5 320.8 345.1 366.8 390.0 420.1 446.5 484.1 511.6 534.8 159.4 116.4 115.4 118.8 121.5 129.4 123.3 133.6 148.7 158.6 478.2 514.6 526.8 531.4 530.1 526.7 520.7 477.9 506.7 481.1 76.3 55.7 55.7 61.3 65.9 69.6 71.0 70.6 76.1 74.9 19.6 18.7 19.5 18.8 19.0 19.0 19.1 19.1 19.7 19.5 69.3 52.4 56.8 58.9 61.8 65.2 64.9 67.0 68.0 68.1 30.2 26.5 27.4 27.6 25.9 27.3 27.1 27.5 27.9 28.8 74.0 39.4 44.2 49.6 53.1 58.5 61.3 64.8 70.8 73.9 271.1 209.8 213.8 220.8 222.9 231.9 236.4 237.4 254.6 267.8 109.4 98.9 104.2 106.5 108.0 112.9 106.8 104.4 110.6 109.8 117.6 77.1 82.4 86.5 88.9 92.7 95.5 99.3 105.0 111.1 52.0 22.5 28.7 29.8 32.3 34.9 36.7 42.1 43.7 48.4 56.3 42.9 43.9 46.5 49.6 48.1 49.7 50.3 52.5 56.1 2990.4 3286.5 3483.7 3702.0 3885.9 3999.0 4152.4 4507.9 4753.2 4992.2 9933.8 10409.9 10707.7 11005.6 11287.5 11438.7 11309.8 11943.4 12225.0 12476.6 5517.7 5627.9 5676.4 5684.2 5723.1 5669.4 5399.5 5593.1 5538.3 5488.8 4416.1 4782.0 5031.3 5321.5 5564.4 5769.3 5910.3 6350.3 6686.6 6987.8 1778.5 1807.5 1810.3 1818.2 1790.9 1788.0 1683.9 1745.6 1687.4 1673.4 959.8 970.4 969.8 1004.9 1015.6 1019.6 948.3 988.5 1030.3 1029.3 *In this review, primary energy comprises commercially traded fuels, including modern renewables used to generate electricity. ◆Less 2009 Change 2012 over 2011 2012 share of total -2.8% -0.2% 3.7% -2.0% 1.9% 1.6% 6.4% 1.3% 5.7% 7.9% -5.8% 2.3% 2.9% 2.2% 3.2% 2.5% 1.1% -5.1% -6.4% -2.3% -7.6% -2.0% 17.7% 2.6% 1.5% 21.8% 0.7% 2.2% 0.3% 0.3% 0.1% 0.2% 0.2% 0.7% 0.7% 5.3% 0.3% 0.1% 0.2% 0.5% 0.1% 0.3% 0.1% 0.2% 2.0% 2.5% 0.2% 0.2% 0.1% 1.3% 0.5% ♦ 1.1% -5.7% -4.9% -3.1% -4.4% 4.1% -2.4% -3.3% 11.1% -2.4% -6.1% -5.2% -0.6% 2.2% -0.8% 4.7% 5.5% 0.6% -5.3% -0.5% 1.2% -2.3% ♦ -0.5% 2.9% 3.2% 1.8% 14.3% 6.8% 1.0% 4.7% 4.5% 9.3% 5.0% 1.0% 6.5% 4.7% -0.9% 7.5% 7.4% -2.0% 5.1% 0.2% -0.9% 1.6% 0.6% 1.4% 4.7% -0.2% 1.0% -0.6% 5.5% 7.1% 0.2% 4.7% 1.8% -1.2% 4.2% -1.1% -0.4% ♦ 0.7% 0.4% 0.8% 0.2% 0.3% 5.6% 0.1% 1.2% 0.4% 0.2% 1.0% 0.2% 1.0% 1.6% 0.4% 0.7% 23.5% 1.9% 0.2% 0.3% 0.3% 1.8% 0.7% 1.0% 6.1% 0.4% 0.7% 1.0% 1.2% 3.2% 1.0% 0.2% 21.9% 0.2% 4.5% 1.3% 3.8% 0.6% 0.2% 0.6% 0.2% 0.6% 2.2% 0.9% 0.9% 0.4% 0.5% 40.0% 100.0% 44.0% 56.0% 13.4% 8.2%
  • 43. Consumption by fuel* 2011 Million tonnes oil equivalent US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union Oil Natural gas Coal 837.0 105.0 90.3 1032.3 27.5 122.2 17.5 12.5 10.5 9.2 1.6 35.6 58.7 295.4 12.6 4.0 9.0 32.3 3.8 9.0 8.1 9.7 83.7 112.0 17.0 6.4 6.7 70.5 11.6 2.6 46.1 10.6 26.6 11.6 9.1 143.5 3.9 68.5 14.5 11.0 30.7 4.7 12.9 71.1 3.8 32.8 900.3 85.6 11.5 20.4 7.8 124.4 31.8 77.1 358.7 15.5 33.7 26.2 82.7 158.0 46.1 5.3 459.4 18.1 163.0 71.1 204.7 29.1 7.0 20.8 12.8 65.7 105.8 42.8 50.5 16.5 18.0 1336.6 4081.4 2095.2 1986.2 639.1 199.5 626.5 90.8 69.0 786.2 41.1 24.0 4.8 8.0 0.5 5.5 20.8 30.0 6.0 140.8 8.5 7.3 16.5 14.9 2.6 7.6 3.8 3.1 36.8 67.1 4.1 9.4 4.1 64.2 8.3 3.1 34.3 3.9 14.1 4.7 12.5 382.1 4.6 29.0 1.1 2.7 41.2 22.5 48.3 74.5 44.2 14.2 995.2 138.2 4.5 15.3 19.7 83.0 56.2 38.3 355.3 25.1 44.7 3.5 29.3 102.6 23.0 18.1 117.5 2.7 55.0 33.5 95.0 28.8 3.5 35.2 3.2 7.9 41.7 14.0 41.9 7.6 5.6 534.2 2914.2 1394.6 1519.6 407.7 539.2 495.5 22.3 8.9 526.7 0.9 14.1 5.3 4.3 – 0.7 – 0.2 2.0 27.6 2.6 † † 3.3 8.1 18.0 3.2 3.4 9.5 76.0 7.5 3.0 1.3 16.1 34.0 0.2 7.8 0.7 56.1 2.2 7.3 93.7 3.3 15.5 2.0 0.1 33.1 – 41.5 31.5 1.2 22.5 504.6 0.9 7.9 – – – – 0.2 9.0 – 1.1 89.1 6.5 96.7 51.7 0.7 1760.8 7.7 270.6 48.9 117.7 14.8 1.4 4.3 8.3 – 83.6 41.5 16.0 15.0 21.2 2464.2 3628.8 1096.1 2532.7 283.4 175.9 2012 Nuclear Hydroenergy electricity 188.2 21.4 2.3 211.9 1.3 3.5 – – – – – – – 4.9 – – – 10.9 3.7 6.4 – 5.3 100.0 24.4 – 3.5 – – – – 0.9 – – – 2.7 39.1 3.5 13.1 13.8 6.1 – – 20.4 15.6 – 2.0 271.5 † – – – – – – † – – 2.9 – 2.9 – – 19.5 – 7.3 – 36.9 – – 0.9 – – 35.0 9.5 – – – 109.1 600.4 488.9 111.5 205.3 60.1 73.0 85.2 8.1 166.3 9.0 96.9 4.7 10.9 2.5 4.9 – 18.8 20.1 167.9 6.8 0.6 † † 0.7 0.6 † 2.8 10.3 4.0 0.9 0.1 0.2 10.4 1.8 0.1 † 27.6 0.5 2.8 3.4 37.9 0.9 6.9 15.1 7.2 11.8 † 2.4 1.3 2.3 19.5 179.0 2.2 † – – – – 2.1 4.3 0.1 2.9 0.4 19.0 22.5 3.4 0.4 158.2 – 29.8 2.8 19.4 1.9 5.7 6.9 2.2 – 1.0 0.9 1.8 9.3 11.2 254.7 794.7 314.5 480.2 69.3 55.1 Renewables Total Oil Natural gas 45.0 2265.2 3.9 328.6 2.0 180.5 50.9 2774.3 0.5 80.4 9.0 269.7 0.9 33.3 0.2 35.9 0.1 13.6 0.2 20.6 † 22.4 – 84.7 2.1 89.0 13.0 649.5 1.5 32.0 – 11.9 0.1 25.6 2.2 63.7 0.2 19.1 1.2 42.8 3.2 18.3 2.6 26.9 4.4 244.7 24.0 307.5 0.9 30.4 0.6 23.0 1.1 13.3 8.4 169.6 † 55.7 0.1 6.1 2.8 91.9 0.4 43.2 2.4 99.8 2.8 24.1 0.3 35.4 0.1 696.5 0.2 16.5 12.6 145.6 4.0 50.5 0.4 27.5 1.3 118.1 – 27.1 † 125.6 6.6 200.5 – 51.6 1.4 92.4 85.9 2936.6 † 227.0 0.1 24.0 – 35.7 – 27.5 – 207.5 † 88.1 † 117.7 0.1 727.4 † 40.7 0.3 82.7 0.1 122.2 0.9 138.4 1.3 384.0 2.2 126.5 † 24.4 25.4 2540.8 † 28.6 9.2 534.8 2.2 158.6 7.5 481.1 0.3 74.9 2.0 19.5 † 68.1 2.3 28.8 0.3 73.9 0.7 267.8 1.2 109.8 0.9 111.1 † 48.4 0.1 56.1 54.4 4753.2 205.6 12225.0 149.1 5538.3 56.4 6686.6 82.5 1687.4 0.5 1030.3 819.9 104.3 92.6 1016.8 28.2 125.6 17.9 12.7 11.0 9.6 1.6 36.6 59.0 302.2 12.4 4.2 9.1 30.6 3.8 9.1 7.6 9.1 80.9 111.5 15.4 6.0 6.2 64.2 12.8 2.6 44.1 10.8 25.1 10.9 8.8 147.5 3.5 63.8 13.8 11.2 31.5 4.8 13.2 68.5 3.9 32.8 879.8 89.6 13.6 20.9 8.0 129.7 32.6 81.4 375.8 16.7 35.2 26.9 87.7 166.5 46.7 5.6 483.7 17.9 171.6 71.6 218.2 29.8 7.0 20.0 13.0 66.2 108.8 42.2 52.4 16.6 18.3 1389.4 4130.5 2072.8 2057.7 611.3 205.9 654.0 90.6 75.3 820.0 42.6 26.2 5.4 8.9 0.6 6.7 19.5 31.4 7.1 148.6 8.1 7.6 16.7 15.2 2.5 7.4 3.5 2.8 38.2 67.7 3.8 8.8 4.0 61.8 8.5 3.0 32.8 3.9 14.9 4.2 12.1 374.6 5.4 28.2 1.0 2.9 41.7 20.9 44.6 70.5 43.1 14.5 975.0 140.5 2.3 15.5 23.5 92.5 56.6 39.6 370.6 27.8 47.3 3.4 32.0 110.5 22.9 19.6 129.5 2.5 49.1 32.2 105.1 30.0 3.8 37.3 3.1 7.5 45.0 14.7 46.1 8.5 5.6 562.5 2987.1 1433.6 1553.5 399.5 526.4 Coal 437.8 21.9 8.8 468.5 1.0 13.5 6.7 4.0 – 0.8 – 0.2 2.0 28.2 2.0 † † 3.0 7.0 16.6 2.5 2.9 11.4 79.2 7.5 3.0 1.5 16.2 35.0 0.2 8.5 0.7 54.0 2.9 6.7 93.9 3.2 19.3 1.5 0.1 31.3 – 44.6 39.1 1.2 22.2 516.9 0.9 8.8 – – – – 0.2 9.9 – 1.1 89.8 6.6 97.5 49.3 0.7 1873.3 7.6 298.3 50.4 124.4 14.3 1.7 4.3 9.4 – 81.8 41.1 16.0 14.9 21.6 2609.1 3730.1 1053.1 2677.0 293.7 180.2 Nuclear Hydroenergy electricity 183.2 21.7 2.0 206.9 1.4 3.6 – – – – – – – 5.0 – – – 9.1 3.6 6.9 – 5.3 96.3 22.5 – 3.6 – – – – 0.9 – – – 2.6 40.3 3.5 13.9 14.6 5.8 – – 20.4 15.9 – 1.8 266.9 0.3 – – – – – – 0.3 – – 3.2 – 3.2 – – 22.0 – 7.5 – 4.1 – – 1.3 – – 34.0 9.1 – – – 78.1 560.4 444.5 115.9 199.8 61.2 63.2 86.0 7.1 156.3 8.4 94.5 4.6 10.8 2.8 5.0 – 18.6 21.1 165.7 8.9 0.4 † 0.1 0.7 0.7 † 3.8 13.2 4.8 1.0 † 0.2 9.4 1.8 0.1 † 32.3 0.5 1.5 2.8 37.8 1.0 4.6 17.8 8.6 13.1 † 2.4 1.2 2.3 19.8 190.8 2.9 † – – – – 2.2 5.1 0.1 3.0 0.4 20.6 24.1 4.1 0.4 194.8 – 26.2 2.9 18.3 1.8 5.2 6.4 2.5 – 0.7 1.2 2.0 11.9 10.7 289.0 831.1 315.6 515.5 74.0 54.9 Renewables Total 50.7 2208.8 328.8 4.3 187.7 2.0 57.0 2725.4 82.1 0.6 274.7 11.2 35.5 0.9 36.5 0.2 14.4 0.1 22.3 0.2 21.2 † 86.8 – 91.8 2.4 665.3 15.6 33.1 1.6 12.2 – 25.9 0.1 60.6 2.6 17.9 0.3 41.9 1.3 17.0 3.4 26.4 2.6 245.4 5.4 311.7 26.0 28.8 1.1 21.9 0.6 13.0 1.0 162.5 10.9 58.1 † 6.0 0.2 89.1 2.7 48.1 0.5 97.6 3.1 22.7 3.1 33.6 0.6 694.2 0.1 16.9 0.3 144.8 14.9 52.9 4.2 29.0 0.4 119.2 1.6 25.8 – 125.3 0.1 203.6 8.4 50.5 – 92.7 1.7 99.1 2928.5 234.2 † 24.8 0.1 36.4 – 31.6 – 222.2 – 89.3 † 123.5 † 761.9 0.1 44.6 0.1 87.1 0.3 123.8 0.1 147.8 0.9 403.3 1.4 125.7 2.8 26.3 † 31.9 2735.2 28.1 † 563.5 10.9 159.4 2.2 478.2 8.2 76.3 0.3 19.6 2.0 69.3 † 30.2 2.3 74.0 0.3 271.1 0.8 109.4 1.1 117.6 1.2 52.0 † 56.3 0.1 64.1 4992.2 237.4 12476.6 169.2 5488.8 68.2 6987.8 95.0 1673.4 0.6 1029.3 *In this review, primary energy comprises commercially traded fuels, including modern renewables used to generate electricity. †Less than 0.05. Note: Oil consumption is measured in million tonnes; other fuels in million tonnes of oil equivalent. 41
  • 44. World consumption Million tonnes oil equivalent 13000 Coal Renewables Hydroelectricity Nuclear energy Natural gas Oil 12000 11000 10000 9000 8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 0 12 World primary energy consumption grew by a below-average 1.8% in 2012. Growth was below average in all regions except Africa. Oil remains the world’s leading fuel, accounting for 33.1% of global energy consumption, but this figure is the lowest share on record and oil has lost market share for 13 years in a row. Hydroelectric output and other renewables in power generation both reached record shares of global primary energy consumption (6.7% and 1.9%, respectively). Regional consumption pattern 2012 Percentage 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 North America S. & Cent. America Europe & Eurasia Middle East Africa Asia Pacific The Asia Pacific region accounted for a record 40% of global energy consumption and 69.9% of global coal consumption in 2012; the region also leads in oil and hydroelectric generation. Europe & Eurasia is the leading region for consumption of natural gas, nuclear power, and renewables. Coal is the dominant fuel in the Asia Pacific region, the only region dependent on a single fuel for more than 50% of total primary energy consumption. Natural gas is dominant in Europe & Eurasia, and oil is dominant in other regions. 42 0
  • 45. Consumption per capita 2012 Tonnes oil equivalent 0-1.5 1.5-3.0 3.0-4.5 4.5-6.0 > 6.0 Fossil fuel reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios at end 2012 Years 500 Oil Natural gas Coal 400 300 200 100 OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union World 0 Coal remains the most abundant fossil fuel by global R/P ratio, although global oil and natural gas reserves have increased significantly over time. Non-OECD countries possess the majority of proved reserves for all fossil fuels, and have a higher R/P ratio than the OECD countries for oil and natural gas. 43
  • 46. Appendices Approximate conversion factors Crude oil* Units From 1 metric tonne To tonnes (metric) barrels Multiply by 1 0.8581 0.1364 0.00325 – Tonnes (metric) Kilolitres Barrels US gallons Barrels per day kilolitres 1.165 1 0.159 0.0038 – 7.33 6.2898 1 0.0238 – US gallons tonnes per year 307.86 264.17 42 1 – – – – – 49.8 *Based on worldwide average gravity. 1 kilolitre 1 kilocalorie (kcal) 1 kilojoule (kJ) 1 British thermal unit (Btu) 1 kilowatt-hour (kWh) Products barrels to tonnes Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) Gasoline Kerosene Gas oil/diesel Fuel oil 0.086 0.118 0.128 0.133 0.149 To convert tonnes kilolitres to barrels to tonnes Multiply by 11.6 8.5 7.8 7.5 6.7 0.542 0.740 0.806 0.839 0.939 tonnes to kilolitres 1.844 1.351 1.240 1.192 1.065 Calorific equivalents One tonne of oil equivalent equals approximately: Heat units Solid fuels Natural gas (NG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG) From billion cubic metres NG 1 billion cubic metres NG 1 billion cubic feet NG 1 million tonnes oil equivalent 1 million tonnes LNG 1 trillion British thermal units 1 million barrels oil equivalent To billion cubic million tonnes million tonnes feet NG oil equivalent LNG Multiply by 1 0.028 1.11 1.36 0.028 0.15 35.3 1 39.2 48.0 0.99 5.35 0.90 0.025 1 1.22 0.025 0.14 0.74 0.021 0.82 1 0.021 0.11 Gaseous fuels trillion British million barrels thermal units oil equivalent 35.7 1.01 39.7 48.6 1 5.41 6.60 0.19 7.33 8.97 0.18 1 = 2204.62lb = 1.1023 short tons = 6.2898 barrels = 1 cubic metre = 4.187kJ = 3.968Btu = 0.239kcal = 0.948Btu = 0.252kcal = 1.055kJ = 860kcal = 3600kJ = 3412Btu Electricity 10 million kilocalories 42 gigajoules 40 million British thermal units 1.5 tonnes of hard coal 3 tonnes of lignite See Natural gas and liquefied natural gas table 12 megawatt-hours One million tonnes of oil or oil equivalent produces about 4400 gigawatt-hours (= 4.4 terawatt-hours) of electricity in a modern power station. 1 barrel of ethanol = 0.57 barrel of oil 1 barrel of biodiesel = 0.88 barrel of oil Definitions Statistics published in this review are taken from government sources and published data. No use is made of confidential information obtained by BP in the course of its business. Country and geographic groupings are made purely for statistical purposes and are not intended to imply any judgement about political or economic standings. North America US (excluding Puerto Rico), Canada, Mexico. South & Central America Caribbean (including Puerto Rico), Central and South America. Europe European members of the OECD plus Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Gibraltar, Malta, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro. Former Soviet Union Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan. Europe & Eurasia All countries listed above under the headings Europe and Former Soviet Union. Middle East Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria. North Africa Territories on the north coast of Africa from Egypt to western Sahara. 44 West Africa Territories on the west coast of Africa from Mauritania to Angola, including Cape Verde, Chad. East and Southern Africa Territories on the east coast of Africa from Sudan to Republic of South Africa. Also Botswana, Madagascar, Malawi, Namibia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe. Asia Pacific Brunei, Cambodia, China, China Hong Kong SAR*, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Macau, Malaysia, Mongolia, North Korea, Philippines, Singapore, South Asia (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka), South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Oceania. *Special Administrative Region. Australasia Australia, New Zealand. OECD members Europe: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, UK. Other member countries: Australia, Canada, Chile, Israel, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, South Korea, US. OPEC members Middle East: Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates. North Africa: Algeria, Libya. West Africa: Angola, Nigeria. South America: Ecuador, Venezuela. European Union members Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, UK. Non-OECD All countries that are not members of the OECD. Methodology The primary energy values of nuclear and hydroelectric power generation, as well as electricity from renewable sources, have been derived by calculating the equivalent amount of fossil fuel required to generate the same volume of electricity in a thermal power station, assuming a conversion efficiency of 38% (the average for OECD thermal power generation). Fuels used as inputs for conversion technologies (gas-to-liquids, coal-to-liquids and coal-to-gas) are counted as production for the source fuel and the outputs are counted as consumption for the converted fuel. Percentages Calculated before rounding of actuals. All annual changes and shares of totals are on a weight basis except on pages 6, 13, 16, 18 and 20. Rounding differences Because of rounding, some totals may not agree exactly with the sum of their component parts. Tonnes Metric equivalent of tons.
  • 47. More information The data in this publication is also available at bp.com/statisticalreview (as shown below). Data can be viewed, downloaded and charted using the charting tool. Questions on data BP regrets it is unable to deal with enquiries about the data in BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2013. Ordering copies You can order BP’s printed publications, free of charge, from: US and Canada Precision IR Toll-free +1 888 301 2505 Fax +1 804 327 7549 bpreports@precisionir.com UK and Rest of World BP Distribution Services Tel +44 (0)870 241 3269 Fax +44 (0)870 240 5753 bpdistributionservices@bp.com Quoting from the review Publishers are welcome to quote from this review provided that they attribute the source to BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2013. However, where extensive reproduction of tables and/or charts is planned, permission must first be obtained from: The Editor BP Statistical Review of World Energy BP p.l.c. 1 St James’s Square London SW1Y 4PD UK sr@bp.com Join the conversation Use #BPstats The redistribution or reproduction of data whose source is Platts is strictly prohibited without prior authorization from Platts. Acknowledgements Data compilation Energy Academy and Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation, Heriot-Watt University, www.energy.hw.ac.uk Design Salterbaxter Typesetting Orb Solutions, London Printing Pureprint Group Limited, UK ISO 14001, FSC® certified and CarbonNeutral® Paper This document is printed on Oxygen paper and board. Oxygen is made using 100% recycled pulp, a large percentage of which is de-inked. It is manufactured at a mill with ISO 9001 and 14001 accreditation and is FSC® (Forest Stewardship Council) certified. This document has been printed using vegetable inks. Printed in the UK by Pureprint Group using their and printing technology. © BP p.l.c. 2013 45