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Agriculture

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  • 1.  Agriculture is the mother of all economic development in India.  It is a ladder through which a common man has found its destination.  But since Independence in 1947,the GDP has declined in comparison to the growth of industrial service sector.  In mid 1990’s it provides approximately 1/3 of the GDP and employ roughly 2/3 of the population.  We are covering 3 areas-  Financial  Technical  Economical
  • 2. INTRODUCTION:  Modern technology and intensive marketing can the agriculturist exploit both the domestic market as well as international market to the fullest extent.
  • 3.  Plough (also ‘plow’):  Ploughing is the first preparation for plan for planting. The plough is primarily designed to prepare the ground for the cultivation by turning it over.  Prairie ploughs were heavy. Weighing at least 125 pound and enquiring from 3 to 7 yoke of oxen. Cutting only 3 inches into the soil, farmers could break 8 acres a year.  After a span of few years, ploughs maintaining a polished wrought iron moldboard and steel share were invented. cont..
  • 4. Harrow:  After ploughing, other elements were used. The harrow was necessary to smoothen the soil in areas where the soil remained rough.  In modern times , harrows are of varied types. some are simply dragged behind a tractor or draft animal;  Some are suspended on wheels; many have leavers to adjust the depth of the cut.
  • 5. Impact of the Industrial Revolution On Agriculture: •Industrial revolution brought about drastic changes in the farming process. •Few of the inventions include: Seed driller Horse hoe Reaper Thresing machines  Tractor
  • 6. Irrigation Technology: Electric and diesel pumps can be used to extract groundwater for irrigating any large acres of land. Treadle pump: It is foot operated water lifting device & needed by small farmers. Drip Irrigation Technology: It is a water saving technology which enables slow and regular application of water directly to the root of the plants.
  • 7. Finance or credit is an essential requirement for every productive activity. Types of agriculture finance: Productive unproductive short-period medium- long term credit credit credit period credit credit
  • 8. The various sources of finance are as follows:- 1. Institutional 2. Non-institutional
  • 9. It consists funds available to the farmers by various institutions .The various institutional sources are as follows: Land development bank Commercial bank Regional rural bank
  • 10. It has been traditional sources of agriculture credit in India. The main sources are- Moneylenders landlords
  • 11. WORLD BANK: (various schemes)  $ 1332 million crore for U.P. $ 444 million to Orissa. Rural finance scheme to help Indian farmer. $ 20 million bill for bank. SEISIMIC BELT Scheme for regions which are under earthquake effect such as Himalayan, Gujarat, Maharashtra etc.
  • 12. The growth rate of the agriculture sector in India GDP grew after Independence. The government of India placed special emphasis on the sector in its 5 yrs plan. Years Total production(us $) • 2001-2002 212 million tones • 2002-2003 179.2million tones • 2007 1.09 trillion
  • 13. •The growth rate of India GDP was 9.4% in 06 -07. •The Agriculture contributed around 18.6% to India GDP in 2005. •In India GDP grew rate is 1.7% each year between 01-02 & 03- 04.
  • 14. The various extension programmes are being held in the various phases which are as follows: :The first phase dates from 1948-1960,which includes Grow More Food Campaign- 1948 Community Development Programme-1952 The 2nd phase (1960-1974),includes  Intensive Agriculture District Programmes-1960  Intensive Agriculture Areas Programmes-1966  High Yielding Variety Programme-1966
  • 15. The 3rd phase(1965-1979),includes  National Demonstration Programme-1965  Operational Research project-1971  Lab To Land Programme-1979 The 4th phase ,introduced the World Bank aided training & Visit Approach
  • 16.  India rank 2 worldwide in farm output  Agriculture & allied sectors accounted for 16.6% of the GDP in 2007.  Yield per unit area of all crops have grown have grown since 1950.  It is the second largest producer of wheat, rice ,sugar.
  • 17. Conclusion: •Agriculture is the backbone of Indian Economy. •Comprises huge percent(%) of export & import. •Large employment opportunity. •Contribute to National Income.
  • 18. Presented by:  Esha Sethi Devendra Singh Deopa Devendra Bisht Vinod Joshi Babli Sharma Deevashi sharma Chhavi Mishra

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