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Agriculture

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Agriculture Presentation Transcript

  • 1. AGRICULTURE
  • 2. INTRODUCTION:
    • Agriculture is the mother of all economic development in India.
    • 3. It is a ladder through which a common man has found its destination.
    • 4. But since Independence in 1947,the GDP has declined in comparison to the growth of industrial service sector.
    • 5. In mid 1990’s it provides approximately 1/3 of the GDP and employ roughly 2/3 of the population.
    • 6. We are covering 3 areas-
    • 7. Financial
    • 8. Technical
    • 9. Economical
  • TECHNOLOGY
    INTRODUCTION:
    • Modern technology and intensive marketing can the agriculturist exploit both the domestic market as well as international market to the fullest extent.
  • Various types of technologies:
    Plough (also ‘plow’):
    • Ploughing is the first preparation for plan for planting. The plough is primarily designed to prepare the ground for the cultivation by turning it over.
    • 10. Prairie ploughs were heavy. Weighing at least 125 pound and enquiring from 3 to 7 yoke of oxen. Cutting only 3 inches into the soil, farmers could break 8 acres a year.
    • 11. After a span of few years, ploughs maintaining a polished wrought iron moldboard and steel share were invented.
    cont..
  • 12. Harrow:
    After ploughing, other elements were used. The harrow was necessary to smoothen the soil in areas where the soil remained rough.
    In modern times , harrows are of varied types. some are simply dragged behind a tractor or draft animal;
    Some are suspended on wheels; many have leavers to adjust the depth of the cut.
  • 13. Impact of the Industrial Revolution On Agriculture:
    • Industrial revolution brought about drastic changes in the farming process.
    • 14. Few of the inventions include:
    • 15. Seed driller
    • 16. Horse hoe
    • 17. Reaper
    • 18. Thresing machines
    • 19. Tractor
  • Irrigation Technology:
    • Electric and diesel pumps can be used to extract groundwater for irrigating any large acres of land.
    Treadle pump:
    • It is foot operated water lifting device & needed by small farmers.
    Drip Irrigation Technology:
    • It is a water saving technology which enables slow and regular application of water directly to the root of the plants.
  • agriculture finance
    Finance or credit is an essential requirement for every productive activity.
    Types of agriculture finance:
    Productive unproductive short-period medium- long term
    credit credit credit period credit credit
  • 20. Sources of finance:
    The various sources of finance are as follows:-
    Institutional
    Non-institutional
  • 21. Institutional sources:
    It consists funds available to the farmers by various institutions .The various institutional sources are as follows:
    • Land development bank
    • 22. Commercial bank
    • 23. Regional rural bank
  • Non-institutional sources:
    It has been traditional sources of agriculture credit in India. The main sources are-
    • Moneylenders
    • 24. landlords
  • WORLD BANK: (various schemes)
    • $ 1332 million crore for U.P.
    • 25. $ 444 million to Orissa.
    • 26. Rural finance scheme to help Indian farmer.
    • 27. $ 20 million bill for bank.
    • 28. SEISIMIC BELT Scheme for regions which are under earthquake effect such as Himalayan, Gujarat, Maharashtra etc.
  • Agriculture economy:-
    The growth rate of the agriculture sector in India GDP grew after Independence. The government of India placed special emphasis on the sector in its 5 yrs plan.
    Years Total production(us $)
    • 2001-2002 212 million tones
    • 29. 2002-2003 179.2million tones
    • 30. 2007 1.09 trillion
    • The growth rate of India GDP was 9.4% in 06 -07.
    • 31. The Agriculture contributed around 18.6% to India GDP in 2005.
    • 32. In India GDP grew rate is 1.7% each year between 01-02 & 03-04.
  • The various extension programmes are being held in the various phases which are as follows:
    :The first phase dates from 1948-1960,which includes
    • Grow More Food Campaign- 1948
    • 33. Community Development Programme-1952
    The 2nd phase (1960-1974),includes
    • Intensive Agriculture District Programmes-1960
    • 34. Intensive Agriculture Areas Programmes-1966
    • 35. High Yielding Variety Programme-1966
  • The 3rd phase(1965-1979),includes
    • National Demonstration Programme-1965
    • 36. Operational Research project-1971
    • 37. Lab To Land Programme-1979
    The 4th phase ,introduced the World Bank aided training & Visit Approach
  • 38. Role of agriculture in export
    India rank 2 worldwide in farm output
    Agriculture & allied sectors accounted for 16.6% of the GDP in 2007.
    Yield per unit area of all crops have grown have grown since 1950.
    It is the second largest producer of wheat, rice ,sugar.
  • 39. Conclusion:
    • Agriculture is the backbone of Indian Economy.
    • 40. Comprises huge percent(%) of export & import.
    • 41. Large employment opportunity.
    • 42. Contribute to National Income.
  • Thank you
    Presented by:
    • Esha Sethi
    • 43. Devendra Singh Deopa
    • 44. Devendra Bisht
    • 45. Vinod Joshi
    • 46. Babli Sharma
    • 47. Deevashi sharma
    • 48. Chhavi Mishra