200 PEDALEN
      Bart Provoost
     Kris Claessens
1.1. ontstaansgeschiedenis van effectpedaal
    1960 : the Maestro Fuzz Tone


      a device that would allow a guitar to...
1.2. effectpioniers (spelers en bouwers)
    the fuzztone sound was created by the
    legendary Nashville session picker ...
1.3. effecten, een mondiaal overzicht
    UK

    Gary Hurst
      Sola Sound > Colorsound

         Vox → Jennings
      ...
1.3. effecten, een mondiaal overzicht
    USA:
      Maestro (Gibson), Mosrite, Guild, Ampeg, Kustom, DeArmond, Univox, Fe...
1.3. effecten, een mondiaal overzicht
    Europa:

    Germany: Schaller, Framus, Höfner, Hohner, Monacor, Lehle



    It...
1.3. effecten, een mondiaal overzicht
    Oost Europa:

    Rusland : Elektronika, Formanta, Estradin, Spektr, Lell, Sovte...
1.3. effecten, een mondiaal overzicht
    Australia : MI Audio, Livingstone (Aldi!), Aphek, EA/Electronics Australia,
    ...
1.3. effecten, een mondiaal overzicht
    Japan : Acetone, Akai, Amdek, Aria, Arion, Shin-ei, Companion, Coron, Roland,
  ...
1.3. effecten, een mondiaal overzicht
     Taiwan : Maxtone, Code, … (+ OEM!)

     South-Korea : Moollon, Artec, Belcat, ...
1.4. de Boutique “bouteek” pedalen

     one man operation

     hand made

     quality parts

     custom design

     e...
1.5. DIY, kits, clones

     Kits :
       Build Your Own Clone
       General Guitar Gadgets
       Musikding
       Banz...
1.6. effecten, on line
     On-line communities :                                                Blogs :
       Build Your...
1.7. tendensen (analog, digital, multi-FX, modelling, racks, ...)




14                 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bar...
1.8. tendensen (software FX, plugins, VST Virtual Studio Technology)




15                MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - B...
1.9. nuttig om weten
      combinatie gitaar, pick-ups, amps




Guitar                                 Pick-ups          ...
1.9. nuttig om weten
pedalboards, powersupplies, cabling, switching loopers, MIDI switching




17                    MOD ...
1.9. nuttig om weten
     Pedal order

Guitar →

Compression → Gain → Equalisation → Modulation → Delay → Reverb

→ Amplif...
2. effecten
         2.1. oversturing


         2.2. classics (amp effects)


         2.3. modulatie


         2.4. tim...
2.1. oversturing
2.1.1. boost (linear, germanium, FET, treble boost, ...)

     Geschiedenis :
       Late 1960’s Dallas R...
2.1. oversturing
2.1.1. boost (linear, germanium, FET, treble boost, ...)




21                     MOD - Oorknal - 200 P...
2.1. oversturing
2.1.1. boost (linear, germanium, FET, treble boost, ...)

     Controls:
       BOOST KNOB, Volume output...
2.1. oversturing
2.1.2. overdrive (LED, Opamp, Chip, ...)

     Geschiedenis :
       1960’s Beatles recording straight in...
2.1. oversturing
2.1.2. overdrive (LED, Opamp, Chip, ...)




24                    MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Pro...
2.1. oversturing
2.1.2. overdrive (LED, Opamp, Chip, ...)
     Controls:
       Level (Output) : sets the output volume
  ...
2.1. oversturing
2.1.3. distortion

     Geschiedenis :
       Jackie Brentson and his Delta Cats (featuring Ike Turner) o...
2.1. oversturing
2.1.3. distortion




27                  MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
2.1. oversturing
2.1.3. distortion
     Controls:
       Level : adjusts the amount of volume.
       Presence (Tone) : pr...
2.1. oversturing
2.1.4. fuzz (germanium, silicon, hybrid, octavia)

     Geschiedenis :
       1960’s: Maestro Fuzztone, R...
2.1. oversturing
2.1.4. fuzz (germanium, silicon, hybrid, octavia)




30                     MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen ...
2.1. oversturing
2.1.4. fuzz (germanium, silicon, hybrid, octavia)
     Controls:
       VOLUME: Output level.
       GATE...
2.2. classics (amp effects)
2.2.1. reverb (plate, spring, digital, ...)

     Geschiedenis :
       Early recording studio...
2.2. classics (amp effects)
2.2.1. reverb (plate, spring, digital, ...)




33                        MOD - Oorknal - 200 ...
2.2. classics (amp effects)
2.2.1. reverb (plate, spring, digital, ...)
     Controls:
       SPRING REVERB
       HALL RE...
2.2. classics (amp effects)
2.2.2. tremolo (triangle, sine, ...)

     Geschiedenis :
       Early 50’s : first stand-alon...
2.2. classics (amp effects)
2.2.2. tremolo (triangle, sine, ...)




36                       MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen ...
2.2. classics (amp effects)
2.2.2. tremolo (triangle, sine, ...)
     Controls:
       SHAPE Switch : selects between Tria...
2.2. classics (amp effects)
 2.2.3. volumepedaal, swell pedaal

     Geschiedenis
       Swell pedals in organs etc.

    ...
2.2. classics (amp effects)
2.2.3. volumepedaal, swell pedaal




39                   MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart ...
2.2. classics (amp effects)
2.2.3. volumepedaal, swell pedaal
     Controls:
       SENS controls the sensitivity of the e...
2.2. classics (amp effects)
2.2.4. compressor, limiter, enhancer, sustainer

     Geschiedenis :
       Radio broadcasting...
2.2. classics (amp effects)
2.2.4. compressor, limiter, enhancer, sustainer




42                    MOD - Oorknal - 200 ...
2.2. classics (amp effects)
2.2.4. compressor, limiter, enhancer, sustainer
     Controls:
       LEVEL : to adjust the am...
2.2. classics (amp effects)
2.2.5. EQ, parametric, graphic

     Geschiedenis
       1930’s theatre audio playback systems...
2.2. classics (amp effects)
2.2.5. EQ, parametric, graphic




45                    MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Pr...
2.2. classics (amp effects)
     2.2.5. EQ, parametric, graphic

     Controls:
       7 Band Graphic Equalizer + level co...
2.3. modulatie
2.3.1. Phaser, phase shifter

     Geschiedenis
       1970 : Tom Oberheim designed the Maestro PS-1 (rotat...
2.3. modulatie
2.3.1. Phaser, phase shifter




48                    MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris C...
2.3. modulatie
2.3.1. Phaser, phase shifter

     Controls:
       RATE : adjusts the tempo of the phase oscillation
     ...
2.3. modulatie
2.3.2. flanger

     Geschiedenis :
       Studio trick : engineer puts a finger on the flange of a tape re...
2.3. modulatie
2.3.2. flanger




51               MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
2.3. modulatie
2.3.2. flanger

     Controls:
       RATE : change the frequency rate.
       RANGE : sets the lower limit...
2.3. modulatie
2.3.3. chorus

     Geschiedenis :
       1976 : CE-1 Chorus Ensemble pedal with the chorus circuit of the ...
2.3. modulatie
2.3.3. chorus




54               MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
2.3. modulatie
2.3.3. chorus

     Controls:
       FILTER MATRIX : comb filter, “chime” effect
       CHORUS : sweeping e...
2.3. modulatie
2.3.4. vibrato

     Geschiedenis :
       Early 60’s : circuit that usually required at least two preamp t...
2.3. modulatie
2.3.4. vibrato




57               MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
2.3. modulatie
2.3.4. vibrato

     Controls:
       DEPTH : adjusts the intensity of the effect
       SPEED : adjusts th...
2.3. modulatie
2.3.5. rotating speaker

     Geschiedenis :
       Leslie rotating speaker cabinets for organs

     Theor...
2.3. modulatie
     2.3.5. rotating speaker




60                     MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris ...
2.3. modulatie
     2.3.5. rotating speaker

     Controls:
       Input level/tube drive : adds overdrive
       Output l...
2.4. time based
2.4.1. tape delay, disk, oil can

     Geschiedenis :
       Late 1940’s : Les Paul achieved time delay by...
2.4. time based
2.4.1. tape delay, disk, oil can




63                      MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost -...
2.4. time based
2.4.1. tape delay, disk, oil can

     Controls:
       Guitar Volume : overdrive boost
       Echo Volume...
2.4. time based
2.4.2. delay analog

     Geschiedenis :
       early 70s, large-scale semiconductor analog delay circuits...
2.4. time based
2.4.2. delay analog




66                    MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
2.4. time based
2.4.2. delay analog

     Controls:
       BLEND : to vary the mix of direct and
       delayed signals
  ...
2.4. time based
2.4.3. delay digital (tap tempo, reverse, ...)

     Geschiedenis :
       Late 70’s : digital signal proc...
2.4. time based
2.4.3. delay digital (tap tempo, reverse, ...)




69                      MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - B...
2.4. time based
2.4.3. delay digital (tap tempo, reverse, ...)

     Controls:
       BLEND : balance between dry and wet
...
2.4. time based
2.4.4. looping/sampling

     Geschiedenis :
       1983: EHX Digital Looping Recorder 64second

     Theo...
2.4. time based
2.4.4. looping/sampling




72                    MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claes...
2.4. time based
2.4.4. looping/sampling

     Controls:
       LEVEL : controls volume of loop phrase and
       guide tra...
2.5. filters
2.5.1. wah-wah

     Geschiedenis :
       first wah made by Warwick Electronics Inc./Thomas Organ Company in...
2.5. filters
2.5.1. wah-wah, talking pedal

EHX Talki




75                    MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoos...
2.5. filters
2.5.1. wah-wah, talking pedal

     Controls:
       FOOTPEDAL : controls wah sweep


       Volume boost con...
2.5. filters
2.5.2. envelope/dynamic filter

     Geschiedenis :
       prototypes of a unique synthesizer and "Timbre Gen...
2.5. filters
2.5.2. envelope/dynamic filter




78                     MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris ...
2.5. filters
2.5.3. envelope filter




79                       MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claess...
2.5. filters
2.5.3. envelope filter

     Controls:
       GAIN : a filter sensitivity control.
       BOOST Switch (Off/O...
2.5. filters
2.5.4. voltage controlled filter




81                       MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - K...
2.5. filters
2.5.5. talkbox/vocoder

     Geschiedenis
       Telephony (Voder) > Vocoder
       1939 Alvino Rey, Singing ...
2.5. filters
2.5.5. talkbox




83               MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
2.5.6. vocoder




84               MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
2.5.6. vocoder
     Controls:
       3 VOX-ROBO vocoder modes that feature a
       robotic synthesizer
       Single, Maj...
2.6. synths & oddities
2.6.1. ring modulator

     Geschiedenis
       1930’s radio receivers, 1963 Don Buchla modular syn...
2.6. synths & oddities
2.6.1. ring modulator




87                      MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kri...
2.6. synths & oddities
2.6.1. ring modulator

     Controls:
       SHIFT controls basic frequency in a range of
       fo...
2.6. synths & oddities
2.6.2. octavers, pitchshifting, harmonizers

     Geschiedenis
       Analog : varispeed on tape ma...
2.6. synths & oddities
2.6.2. octavers, pitchshifting




90                      MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provo...
2.6. synths & oddities
2.6.2. octavers, pitchshifting

     Controls:
       HIGH FILTER : adjusts the tone of the sub-
  ...
2.6. synths & oddities
2.6.2. guitarsynths

     Geschiedenis & theorie
       Multi-effects: filter (freq), fuzz (waves),...
2.6. synths & oddities
2.6.2. guitarsynths




93                    MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Cl...
2.6. synths & oddities
2.6.2. guitarsynths

     Controls:
       TRIGGER : input volume to turn on filter
       VOICE MI...
2.6. synths & oddities
2.6.3. bitcrushing

     Geschiedenis
       80s digital synths, Sample downgrading, dance, …

    ...
2.6. synths & oddities
2.6.3. bitcrushing




96                   MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Clae...
2.6. synths & oddities
2.6.3. bitcrushing

     Controls:
       GAIN : clean to distortion
       TONE : Cuts high/mid/lo...
2.6. synths & oddities
2.6.3. String effects

     Geschiedenis
       eBow : invented by Greg Heet in 1969
       Gizmotr...
2.6. synths & oddities
2.6.3. eBow




99            MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
2.6. synths & oddities
2.6.4. circuit bending

      Geschiedenis
        1990’s Reed Ghazala

      Theorie
        Circu...
2.6. synths & oddities
2.6.4. circuit bending




101                      MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - K...
2.7. Others
Tuner, Noisegate, Buffer, Sonic Maximizer

      Geschiedenis :
        1930’s : invention of strobe tuner
   ...
2.7. Others
Tuner, Noisegate, Buffer, Sonic Maximizer




103                   MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoos...
3.1. effecten combineren
      3.1.1. oversturing & boost & compressie

      3.2.2. fuzz & wah of filter (& boost)

     ...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Omar Rodriguez – Mars Volta




105                   MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bar...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Tim Vanhamel




106                  MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kri...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Josh Homme




107                MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Cl...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Johnny Greenwood




108                 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - ...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Anthrax




109             MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Kurt Cobain




110                 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris ...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Robert Smith




111                  MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kri...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Bloc Party




112                MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Cl...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Marc Bolan




113                MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Cl...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Eric Johnson




114                  MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kri...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Genesis




115             MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
pedalboards of the stars ...
      The Edge




116              MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claess...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      J. Mascis




117               MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Clae...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Dan Auerbach – the Black Keys




118                   MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - B...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Jack White - Raconteurs




119                   MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Pr...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Eddie van Halen




120                     MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Lee Ranaldo - Sonic Youth




121                   MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart ...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Thom Yorke




122                MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Cl...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Simple Plan




123                 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris ...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Jamie Cook – Arctic Monkeys




124                   MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bar...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Sigur Ros




125               MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Clae...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Coldplay




126              MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claess...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Beck




127            MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
pedalboards of the stars ...
      David Byrne




128                 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris ...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Dave Grohl




129                MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Cl...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Alex Turner – Arctic Monkeys




130                    MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - B...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Calexico




131              MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claess...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Brian Molko - Placebo




132                    MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Pro...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Dweezil Zappa




133                   MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - K...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Josh Klinghofer – PJ Harvey




134                    MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Ba...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      E - Eels




135              MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claess...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Adrian Belew




136                  MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kri...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Kevin Shields ...




137                       MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Prov...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Kevin Shields ...




138                       MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Prov...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Kevin Shields ...




139                       MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Prov...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Kevin Shields ...




140                       MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Prov...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Kevin Shields




141                   MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - K...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Sufjan Stevens




142                    MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost -...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      The Horrors




143                 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris ...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Justin Meldal-Johnsen - Beck




144                    MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - B...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      John Frusciante




145                     MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost...
pedalboards of the stars ...
      Sharin Foo - Raveonettes




146                   MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart P...
world's largest pedalboard
      147 pedals ...




147                    MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - K...
world's largest pedalboard




148           MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
This is art ...




149               MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
Oorknal 200 pedalen
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Oorknal 200 pedalen

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Oorknal 200 pedalen

  1. 1. 200 PEDALEN Bart Provoost Kris Claessens
  2. 2. 1.1. ontstaansgeschiedenis van effectpedaal 1960 : the Maestro Fuzz Tone a device that would allow a guitar to replicate the sounds of brass or woodwind instruments like the saxophone, tuba or violin. despite Gibson's marketing strategy, thrill-hungry teens had other plans for the fuzztone sound. throughout the 1960's, the effect was used on a surprisingly large number of country records, most of which came from Nashville. 2 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  3. 3. 1.2. effectpioniers (spelers en bouwers) the fuzztone sound was created by the legendary Nashville session picker Grady Martin. in the summer of 1960, while recording the tune Don't Worry, a malfunctioning channel on the mixing board caused Martin's six string bass to be recorded with an insane amount of distortion, a sound that would come to be called fuzztone. Glen Snoddy, the session engineer, saved the malfunctioning channel on the mixing board and brought it out upon request. 3 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  4. 4. 1.3. effecten, een mondiaal overzicht UK Gary Hurst Sola Sound > Colorsound Vox → Jennings Marshall Carlsbro Arbiter, Dallas → Dallas Arbiter → CBS-Arbiter Hornby-Skewes (JHS), Roger Mayer, Dan Armstrong, Burns Selmer, WEM Cornish, Lovetone, D*A*M 4 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  5. 5. 1.3. effecten, een mondiaal overzicht USA: Maestro (Gibson), Mosrite, Guild, Ampeg, Kustom, DeArmond, Univox, Fender, Sunn, Sam Ash, Jordan, Electro-Harmonix Musitronics, MXR, Ross, Systech, DOD, Tycobrahe, fOXX, Electra, Chandler, Seamoon, Sears-Roebuck Pro Co, Dunlop, Snarling Dogs, Tech 21, Visual Sound, VoodooLab, Way Huge, Xotic, Fulltone, Z-Vex Brazil: Giannini, Bautner, Chorus, Dynavox, Oliver, Sound (Malagoli), Vetron G.N.I., Onerr, Meteoro, T.Miranda, Newell Dominicaanse Rep. : CoPilot Canada : Halifax, IC Sound, Dr. Scientist, Diamond, Empress, MJM Guitar FX, Oxfuzz, Retrosonic 5 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  6. 6. 1.3. effecten, een mondiaal overzicht Europa: Germany: Schaller, Framus, Höfner, Hohner, Monacor, Lehle Italy: JEN, Cosmosound, EKO, Elka, Farfisa, Silversound, Montarbo,… Scandinavia: TC Electronic, Carl Martin, T-Rex, EMMA, EBS, BJF, Hughes&Kettner France: Jacques 6 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  7. 7. 1.3. effecten, een mondiaal overzicht Oost Europa: Rusland : Elektronika, Formanta, Estradin, Spektr, Lell, Sovtek, Yerasov, AMT Ukraine : Crock, Maximum Acoustics, Sound JS Polen : Exar, Kod/Koda, PUE, Laboga, Merlin, G-Lab Czech : Velorex, Tesla, George Dennis DDR : Vermona, Böhm Estland : Udaloff Letland : Z.Cat 7 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  8. 8. 1.3. effecten, een mondiaal overzicht Australia : MI Audio, Livingstone (Aldi!), Aphek, EA/Electronics Australia, Frostwave, MC-FX, Chunk Systems, Cave Passive, Fryer New Zealand : Holden, Gunn, Jansen, Crowther, Red Witch 8 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  9. 9. 1.3. effecten, een mondiaal overzicht Japan : Acetone, Akai, Amdek, Aria, Arion, Shin-ei, Companion, Coron, Roland, Boss, Ibanez, Maxon, Guyatone, Honey, Korg, Yamaha, Next, Pearl, VestaFire, Royal, Rozz, Tokai 9 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  10. 10. 1.3. effecten, een mondiaal overzicht Taiwan : Maxtone, Code, … (+ OEM!) South-Korea : Moollon, Artec, Belcat, PSK, Rogue, TKI, Crafter, Hanum, … (+ OEM!) India : Stranger Singapore : TheBlueArk, Goosonique Worx, Ohm Laboratories Philipines : Boston China : Behringer, Biyang, Beta Aivin, Moen, Daphon, Real Sound, … (+ OEM!) Indonesia : KS Aji 10 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  11. 11. 1.4. de Boutique “bouteek” pedalen one man operation hand made quality parts custom design expensive Pioneers : Roger Mayer, Pete Cornish Mike Fuller : Fulltone Zachary Vex : ZVex 11 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  12. 12. 1.5. DIY, kits, clones Kits : Build Your Own Clone General Guitar Gadgets Musikding Banzai Beavisboard ZVex Invento-Box Clones : Tubescreamer Boss vs. Behringer 12 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  13. 13. 1.6. effecten, on line On-line communities : Blogs : Build Your Own Clone What’s that dude play General Guitar Gadgets Analog Warcry DIY Stompboxes Bassfuzz.com Freestompboxes Matrixsynth Effect forums Facebook Harmony Central Myspace The Gear Page Talkbass Twitter Ilovefuzz Gearspot.be Effectsdatabase.com Gitaarnet.nl Musictoyz Pedalgeek 13 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  14. 14. 1.7. tendensen (analog, digital, multi-FX, modelling, racks, ...) 14 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  15. 15. 1.8. tendensen (software FX, plugins, VST Virtual Studio Technology) 15 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  16. 16. 1.9. nuttig om weten combinatie gitaar, pick-ups, amps Guitar Pick-ups Amps Acoustic Active/Passive Tube Solidbody Single Coil Solid State Semi Acoustic Humbucker Hybrid Hollowbody Speakers/Cabs/Combo Modelling 16 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  17. 17. 1.9. nuttig om weten pedalboards, powersupplies, cabling, switching loopers, MIDI switching 17 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  18. 18. 1.9. nuttig om weten Pedal order Guitar → Compression → Gain → Equalisation → Modulation → Delay → Reverb → Amplifier Effect loop (amplifier) modulation and time based effects in the loop delay, chorus, phaser, flanger it accesses the effects AFTER the distortion circuit in your amp more saturated/intense sound Bypass Buffered : unity gain preamp that enables your signal to travel through much greater lengths of wire without loosing volume level True bypass : pedal routes the signal directly from input to output 18 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  19. 19. 2. effecten 2.1. oversturing 2.2. classics (amp effects) 2.3. modulatie 2.4. time based 2.5. filters 2.6. synths & oddities 2.7. others 19 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  20. 20. 2.1. oversturing 2.1.1. boost (linear, germanium, FET, treble boost, ...) Geschiedenis : Late 1960’s Dallas Rangemaster treble booster (british amps, eg. Vox) Electro Harmonix and Vox plug-in boosters Theorie : makes input signal louder, up to 30dB using germanium, JFET or MOSFET transistors songvoorbeeld/gebruiker : Brian May (Queen) Benchmarks : Vintage : Vox Booster Mass produced : EHX Nano LPB Boutique : BSM 20 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  21. 21. 2.1. oversturing 2.1.1. boost (linear, germanium, FET, treble boost, ...) 21 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  22. 22. 2.1. oversturing 2.1.1. boost (linear, germanium, FET, treble boost, ...) Controls: BOOST KNOB, Volume output, controls the amount of CRUNCH. Toggle TONE SWITCH with 3 positions. Up = Midrange, Center=Treble, Down=Low range boost The "Crackle Okay" volume knob is a negative-feedback control styled after classic 60's recording console inputs. 22 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  23. 23. 2.1. oversturing 2.1.2. overdrive (LED, Opamp, Chip, ...) Geschiedenis : 1960’s Beatles recording straight into mixing desk 1970’s Ibanez TS-808 Tube Screamer is the grandaddy of overdrive pedals Theorie : provide a gain boost to “overdrive” a tube, to simulate a slightly overdriven tube amp soft clipping, the top of the wave form is compressed songvoorbeeld/gebruiker : Santana, Stevie Ray Vaughan Benchmarks : Vintage : Script MXR Distortion +, Ibanez II Mass produced : Ibanez TS-9 Boutique : Klon Centaur 23 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  24. 24. 2.1. oversturing 2.1.2. overdrive (LED, Opamp, Chip, ...) 24 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  25. 25. 2.1. oversturing 2.1.2. overdrive (LED, Opamp, Chip, ...) Controls: Level (Output) : sets the output volume Drive (Gain) : controls the overdrive effect Tone (Treble) : allows changing how and when the circuit distorts and adjusts EQ. 25 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  26. 26. 2.1. oversturing 2.1.3. distortion Geschiedenis : Jackie Brentson and his Delta Cats (featuring Ike Turner) on the song Rocket 88, a busted speaker on the bass amp caused by falling off the roof of the car. Theorie : boost the signal into high gain and alter the waveform : hard clipping tone control to reduce or accentuate mids rather than the usual high boost/cut songvoorbeeld/gebruiker : You really got me – the Kinks Benchmarks : Vintage : EHX Big Muff Mass produced : ProCo RAT Boutique : BJFe 26 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  27. 27. 2.1. oversturing 2.1.3. distortion 27 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  28. 28. 2.1. oversturing 2.1.3. distortion Controls: Level : adjusts the amount of volume. Presence (Tone) : produces bright high frequencies and fat low ones. Distortion : adjusts the amount of distortion 28 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  29. 29. 2.1. oversturing 2.1.4. fuzz (germanium, silicon, hybrid, octavia) Geschiedenis : 1960’s: Maestro Fuzztone, Roger Mayer, Fuzz Face, Sola Sound Tonebender Theorie “broken amp” sound, oversaturation, adds sustain, guitar volume roll back adds dynamics Germanium : warm vs. Silicon : harsh vs. Square Wave : synth Octavia : doubling the frequency of a signal to add a note an octave up from the original songvoorbeeld/gebruiker Jimi Hendrix Benchmarks : Vintage : Solasound Tonebender Mass produced : Dunlop Fuzzface Boutique : D*A*M - Differential Audio Manifestationz 29 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  30. 30. 2.1. oversturing 2.1.4. fuzz (germanium, silicon, hybrid, octavia) 30 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  31. 31. 2.1. oversturing 2.1.4. fuzz (germanium, silicon, hybrid, octavia) Controls: VOLUME: Output level. GATE: Squelches noise after end of sustain. COMPRESS: Adds attack DRIVE: Increases distortion STABILITY: Controls feedback pitch. 31 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  32. 32. 2.2. classics (amp effects) 2.2.1. reverb (plate, spring, digital, ...) Geschiedenis : Early recording studios used springs, plate, grain silos Theorie : Simulate a “natural” room sound (from an empty room to a large concert hall) Analog (spring reverb, tube reverb, onboard amp, BBD chip) vs. Digital vs. Modelling songvoorbeeld/gebruiker : Surf music Benchmarks : Vintage : Fender tube reverb Mass produced : Boss RV-2 Boutique : Malekko Spring Chicken (Belton Reverb Brick based) 32 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  33. 33. 2.2. classics (amp effects) 2.2.1. reverb (plate, spring, digital, ...) 33 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  34. 34. 2.2. classics (amp effects) 2.2.1. reverb (plate, spring, digital, ...) Controls: SPRING REVERB HALL REVERB ROOM REVERB FLERB REVERB reverb followed in series by a flanger. AMOUNT Knob Spring : Reverb Time Hall : Reverb Time Room : Damping Amount Flerb Modulation : Rate/Flanger Feedback BLEND Knob : Controls the wet/dry mix 34 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  35. 35. 2.2. classics (amp effects) 2.2.2. tremolo (triangle, sine, ...) Geschiedenis : Early 50’s : first stand-alone tremolo effect made by DeArmond, the Model 800 Trem Trol Theorie : periodic variation in the amplitude (volume) of the signal, creates a “stutter" effect dual opamp-based circuit vs. discrete optocell circuit, motor (fluid/optical) songvoorbeeld/gebruiker Johnny Marr, the Smiths – How soon is now Benchmarks : Vintage : Fender 63 Vibroverb Mass produced : Boss TR-2 Boutique : Toneczar Powerglide 35 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  36. 36. 2.2. classics (amp effects) 2.2.2. tremolo (triangle, sine, ...) 36 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  37. 37. 2.2. classics (amp effects) 2.2.2. tremolo (triangle, sine, ...) Controls: SHAPE Switch : selects between Triangle Wave and Square Wave Modes. in Triangle mode : SHAPE control changes from smooth Triangle Wave to a rising Sawtooth changing back to a Triangle to a falling Sawtooth. in Square Wave mode : SHAPE control starts as a Small Pulse Width Wave changing into a hard Square Wave to a Large Pulse Width Wave. DEPTH : adjusts the amount of Tremolo RATE : adjusts the speed of the Tremolo 37 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  38. 38. 2.2. classics (amp effects) 2.2.3. volumepedaal, swell pedaal Geschiedenis Swell pedals in organs etc. Theorie Foot controlled volume swell Violin like tone, soft volume, soft attack songvoorbeeld/gebruiker pedalsteel Benchmarks : Vintage : Morley Mass produced : Ernie Ball Boutique : Goodrich 38 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  39. 39. 2.2. classics (amp effects) 2.2.3. volumepedaal, swell pedaal 39 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  40. 40. 2.2. classics (amp effects) 2.2.3. volumepedaal, swell pedaal Controls: SENS controls the sensitivity of the effect ATTACK controls the speed of the volume swells 40 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  41. 41. 2.2. classics (amp effects) 2.2.4. compressor, limiter, enhancer, sustainer Geschiedenis : Radio broadcasting & recording technology Theorie : Compressor suppresses loud signals and boosts quiet signals, sustain control Limiter smooths out excessive peaks Enhancer adds definition and contour (eg. multiple effects), clarifies dynamics (eg. slap bass) songvoorbeeld/gebruiker Nashville country pickers Benchmarks : Vintage : Ross Mass produced : MXR Dynacomp Boutique : Keeley 41 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  42. 42. 2.2. classics (amp effects) 2.2.4. compressor, limiter, enhancer, sustainer 42 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  43. 43. 2.2. classics (amp effects) 2.2.4. compressor, limiter, enhancer, sustainer Controls: LEVEL : to adjust the amount of gain. SUSTAIN : to set the amount of compression ATTACK : sets the timing of the attack / decay 43 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  44. 44. 2.2. classics (amp effects) 2.2.5. EQ, parametric, graphic Geschiedenis 1930’s theatre audio playback systems Theorie : Graphic EQ : cuts or boosts specific frequency bands Parametric EQ : curves the frequency response to include changes in adjacent frequencies songvoorbeeld/gebruiker Appears everywhere in live performance, recording studio, broadcast, and post-production Benchmarks : Vintage : Bell Labs, Altec Lansing Mass produced : Boss GE-7 Boutique : HBE Detox, Empress ParaEQ 44 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  45. 45. 2.2. classics (amp effects) 2.2.5. EQ, parametric, graphic 45 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  46. 46. 2.2. classics (amp effects) 2.2.5. EQ, parametric, graphic Controls: 7 Band Graphic Equalizer + level control Equalizer: 100 Hz, 200 Hz, 400 Hz, 800 Hz, 1.6 kHz, 3.2 kHz, 6.4 kHz Level Control: +/-15 dB per band 46 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  47. 47. 2.3. modulatie 2.3.1. Phaser, phase shifter Geschiedenis 1970 : Tom Oberheim designed the Maestro PS-1 (rotating speaker sim) Theorie : sweeping effect, filtering a signal by creating a series of peaks and troughs in the frequency spectrum. “phase shifters” split the signal and shift one path out of phase from 0 to 360 degrees through the entire range of the frequency spectrum, and blend it back. songvoorbeeld/gebruiker Eddie Van Halen Benchmarks : Vintage : MXR Script 90 Mass produced : EHX Small Stone, MXR Block 90 Boutique : Whetstone phaser 47 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  48. 48. 2.3. modulatie 2.3.1. Phaser, phase shifter 48 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  49. 49. 2.3. modulatie 2.3.1. Phaser, phase shifter Controls: RATE : adjusts the tempo of the phase oscillation or frequency sweep DEPTH : controls the amount of phase effected signal that is mixed with the direct signal RES (Resonance) : controls the amount of phased signal to be resent back in with the dry signal to be re-phased. 49 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  50. 50. 2.3. modulatie 2.3.2. flanger Geschiedenis : Studio trick : engineer puts a finger on the flange of a tape reels to slow it down. Theorie : two identical signals are mixed together, one signal time-delayed swept comb filter replicate the sound of two big reel-to-reel tape machines sliding in and out of sync songvoorbeeld/gebruiker : The Forest – the Cure Benchmarks : Vintage : A/DA Flanger Mass produced : EHX Electric Mistress Deluxe, Boss BF-2 Boutique : Lovetone ? Flanger 50 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  51. 51. 2.3. modulatie 2.3.2. flanger 51 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  52. 52. 2.3. modulatie 2.3.2. flanger Controls: RATE : change the frequency rate. RANGE : sets the lower limit of the sweep. COLOR : simulates the sound of chimes. 52 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  53. 53. 2.3. modulatie 2.3.3. chorus Geschiedenis : 1976 : CE-1 Chorus Ensemble pedal with the chorus circuit of the Roland JC-120 Theorie : Double tracking effect, splitting the signal into a vibrato and a clean path short delays used to create harmonically spaced notches and peaks in the frequency spectrum modulate above and below specific frequency ranges. songvoorbeeld/gebruiker : Come as you are - Nirvana Benchmarks : Vintage : Boss CE-1 Chorus Ensemble Mass produced : EHX Small Clone Boutique : Analogman Bi-Chorus 53 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  54. 54. 2.3. modulatie 2.3.3. chorus 54 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  55. 55. 2.3. modulatie 2.3.3. chorus Controls: FILTER MATRIX : comb filter, “chime” effect CHORUS : sweeping echo for multiplied sounds and rotating speaker effects. DOUBLE TRACK : Short-delay echo. TUNE : tone shaping FEEDBACK : wet/dry mix WIDTH :determines how far the sweep goes. DOUBLE TRACK : echo effect SWEEP FILTER : gives a smoother well rounded “liquid” sound 55 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  56. 56. 2.3. modulatie 2.3.4. vibrato Geschiedenis : Early 60’s : circuit that usually required at least two preamp tubes. It was most often installed in amps, eg. Fender Tweed Vibrolux amps Theorie : wavering of the note above and below pitch to create a sort of “wobbling” effect Phase vibe / chorus vibe songvoorbeeld/gebruiker : Jimi Hendrix – Machine Gun Benchmarks : Vintage : Uni-Vibe Mass produced : Dunlop Uni-Vibe Boutique : Roger Mayer Voodoo Vibe 56 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  57. 57. 2.3. modulatie 2.3.4. vibrato 57 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  58. 58. 2.3. modulatie 2.3.4. vibrato Controls: DEPTH : adjusts the intensity of the effect SPEED : adjusts the speed of modulation 58 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  59. 59. 2.3. modulatie 2.3.5. rotating speaker Geschiedenis : Leslie rotating speaker cabinets for organs Theorie : recreate the amplitude modulation, frequency modulation, and phase shift created by the two rotating speakers, along with the overdrive created by the Leslie's tube amplifier songvoorbeeld/gebruiker : U2 : One Benchmarks : Vintage : Leslie Mass produced : H&K Rotosphere Boutique : DLS RotoSIM 59 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  60. 60. 2.3. modulatie 2.3.5. rotating speaker 60 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  61. 61. 2.3. modulatie 2.3.5. rotating speaker Controls: Input level/tube drive : adds overdrive Output level : sets volume Lower/upper rotor balance : frequency separation between the upper and lower rotors Fast/slow switch Breaker switch : simulates stopping the rotary motor, and so slows the rotating speaker effect down until it finally stops 61 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  62. 62. 2.4. time based 2.4.1. tape delay, disk, oil can Geschiedenis : Late 1940’s : Les Paul achieved time delay by stretching audiotape between two reel-to- reel tape decks spaced several feet apart. Theorie : Endless tape loop runs past a record head and a playback head, varying the speed of the tape changes the length of time before the sound echoes songvoorbeeld/gebruiker : Hank Marvin - Shadows Benchmarks : Vintage : Maestro Echoplex Mass produced : Watkins Copicat Boutique : Fulltone TTE 62 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  63. 63. 2.4. time based 2.4.1. tape delay, disk, oil can 63 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  64. 64. 2.4. time based 2.4.1. tape delay, disk, oil can Controls: Guitar Volume : overdrive boost Echo Volume Echo Repeats Echo Tone Delay Time : slides playback head closer or furhter away from record head Record level : adjusts strength of signal to tape Low Speed (longer echos) : more warbly, chorused, lo-fi, distorted High Speed (shorter echos) : more in tune, better frequency response 64 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  65. 65. 2.4. time based 2.4.2. delay analog Geschiedenis : early 70s, large-scale semiconductor analog delay circuits became available Theorie : “bucket brigade delay chips” pass the signal along in stages from the input pin to the output pin, with as many as from 68 to 4096 stages, more stages = longer delay. songvoorbeeld/gebruiker : Pink Floyd - Money Benchmarks : Vintage : EHX Deluxe Memoryman Mass produced : Boss DM-2 Boutique : Toneczar Echoczar 65 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  66. 66. 2.4. time based 2.4.2. delay analog 66 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  67. 67. 2.4. time based 2.4.2. delay analog Controls: BLEND : to vary the mix of direct and delayed signals FEEDBACK : provides delay repeats, multiple echoes and oscillation. DELAY : determines the time between direct and delayed signals, and between the repeats when feedback is used CHORUS/VIBRATO : adds modulation in the delay time: slow for chorus, faster for vibrato. DEPTH : sets the amount of modulation 67 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  68. 68. 2.4. time based 2.4.3. delay digital (tap tempo, reverse, ...) Geschiedenis : Late 70’s : digital signal processing (DSP) electronics in expensive rack mounted units Theorie : sampling the input signal through an analog-to-digital converter, after which the signal is passed through a series of DSPs that store it in buffer, and then play back the stored audio. songvoorbeeld/gebruiker : The Edge – U2 Benchmarks : Vintage : Boss DD-2 Mass produced : Boss DD-3 Boutique : Empress Superdelay 68 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  69. 69. 2.4. time based 2.4.3. delay digital (tap tempo, reverse, ...) 69 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  70. 70. 2.4. time based 2.4.3. delay digital (tap tempo, reverse, ...) Controls: BLEND : balance between dry and wet signals. DELAY : adjusts the delay time of your echo. FEEDBACK : adjusts repeats. 70 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  71. 71. 2.4. time based 2.4.4. looping/sampling Geschiedenis : 1983: EHX Digital Looping Recorder 64second Theorie : Record, Overdub, Multiply, Insert, Replace recorded samples songvoorbeeld/gebruiker : Hip hop Benchmarks : Vintage : Boomerang Phrase Sampler Mass produced : Digitech Jamman Boutique : Maneco Looper 71 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  72. 72. 2.4. time based 2.4.4. looping/sampling 72 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  73. 73. 2.4. time based 2.4.4. looping/sampling Controls: LEVEL : controls volume of loop phrase and guide track PHRASE SELECT : to choose stored track TAP TEMPO : button to set tempo GUIDE/REC/PLAY/DUB/WRITE/DELETE : function selection 73 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  74. 74. 2.5. filters 2.5.1. wah-wah Geschiedenis : first wah made by Warwick Electronics Inc./Thomas Organ Company in November 1966 Theorie : mimics the human voice by sweeping the peak response of a filter up and down in frequency to create a spectral glide songvoorbeeld/gebruiker : theme from Shaft Benchmarks : Vintage : Thomas Organ wah Mass produced : Dunlop CryBaby Boutique : Wilson wah 74 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  75. 75. 2.5. filters 2.5.1. wah-wah, talking pedal EHX Talki 75 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  76. 76. 2.5. filters 2.5.1. wah-wah, talking pedal Controls: FOOTPEDAL : controls wah sweep Volume boost control Q controls the sharpness of the wah attack Rotary switch to select sweep range 76 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  77. 77. 2.5. filters 2.5.2. envelope/dynamic filter Geschiedenis : prototypes of a unique synthesizer and "Timbre Generation" filter bank were produced for Guild musical instruments by Mike Beigel and Isidor Straus in 1971 Mu-Tron III developed by Mike Beigel for Musitronics in 1972 Theorie : Moving filter: auto-wah / envelope filter / triggered filter (threshold) songvoorbeeld/gebruiker : Bootsy Collins Benchmarks : Vintage : Mu-Tron III, EHX Bass Balls, EHX Doctor Q Mass produced : Boss FT-2, EHX Doctor Q, EHX Q-Tron Boutique : Lovetone Meatball 77 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  78. 78. 2.5. filters 2.5.2. envelope/dynamic filter 78 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  79. 79. 2.5. filters 2.5.3. envelope filter 79 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  80. 80. 2.5. filters 2.5.3. envelope filter Controls: GAIN : a filter sensitivity control. BOOST Switch (Off/On) : Off mode passes input signal through the filter. On increases the signal gain to the filter SWEEP UP/DOWN : Selects the direction of the filter sweep. RANGE HI/LO : Emphasizes vowel-like sounds in low position and overtones in high position. PEAK : determines the resonance or Q of the filter. MODE (LP, BP, HP Mix) : determines what frequency range the filter will pass. Emphasize Bass with Low Pass, midrange in Band Pass and treble with the High Pass. Mix mode combines BP with the dry instrument signal. 80 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  81. 81. 2.5. filters 2.5.4. voltage controlled filter 81 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  82. 82. 2.5. filters 2.5.5. talkbox/vocoder Geschiedenis Telephony (Voder) > Vocoder 1939 Alvino Rey, Singing Guitar, mic placed on throat Sonovox > Bag > Talkbox Theorie Shaping the frequencies of a sound with those of another sound songvoorbeeld/gebruiker Peter Frampton, Roger Troutman (Zapp) Benchmarks : Vintage: Sennheiser, Moog, Kustom The Bag, EHX Golden Throat,… Mass produced: Rocktron Banshee, Heil Talkbox, Danelectro Free Speech Boutique: C.M. Gregor (PL) 82 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  83. 83. 2.5. filters 2.5.5. talkbox 83 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  84. 84. 2.5.6. vocoder 84 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  85. 85. 2.5.6. vocoder Controls: 3 VOX-ROBO vocoder modes that feature a robotic synthesizer Single, Major, and Minor modes feature a drone synthesizer 3 vocal transposition modes including TRANSPOSITION, INSTRUMENT CTRL, and REFLEX-TUNE Vocoder bands adjustable from a vintage sounding 8 bands to a smooth sounding 256 bands TONE, GENDER BENDER, and PITCH controls 85 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  86. 86. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.1. ring modulator Geschiedenis 1930’s radio receivers, 1963 Don Buchla modular synth Early use: BBC radiophonic workshop (Dr. Who) Theorie Modulating 1 sound/frequency with another sound/frequency (or itself), dissonant sounds Result: freq 1 – freq 2, freq 1 + freq 2 songvoorbeeld/gebruiker Devo, Sonic Youth, Grateful Dead, Miles Davis Benchmarks : Vintage : Maestro, EHX Frequency Analyzer, Dan Armstrong Green Ringer Mass produced : EHX Frequency Analyzer Boutique : Lovetone Ring Stinger, Frostwave Blue Ringer 86 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  87. 87. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.1. ring modulator 87 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  88. 88. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.1. ring modulator Controls: SHIFT controls basic frequency in a range of four to five octaves FINE control permits fine tuning of the SHIFT control in a range of one octave BLEND controls the volume of the original note FILTER : bass-treble control. With the switch in the bass position the top note is filtered out giving you the original note plus one bottom note. 88 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  89. 89. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.2. octavers, pitchshifting, harmonizers Geschiedenis Analog : varispeed on tape machine Eventide harmonizer rack effects processor Theorie Frequency dividers and doublers Pitch shifting: delay/sample played at different speed songvoorbeeld/gebruiker Jack White / White Stripes (Seven Nation Army “bassline”) Benchmarks : Vintage : Vox Octavoice, Maestro Octave Box, EHX Octave Multiplexer Mass produced : Digitech Whammy, Boss OC-2, PS-2, EHX Octave Multiplexer, POG,… Boutique : Foxrox Octron 89 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  90. 90. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.2. octavers, pitchshifting 90 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  91. 91. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.2. octavers, pitchshifting Controls: HIGH FILTER : adjusts the tone of the sub- octave’s higher order harmonics. BASS FILTER : adjusts the tone of the sub- octave’s lower order harmonics. SUB Switch : Switches the Bass Filter in and out. BLEND : wet/dry control 91 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  92. 92. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.2. guitarsynths Geschiedenis & theorie Multi-effects: filter (freq), fuzz (waves), envelope/pitch control,… Pitch to voltage/midi/… → real synths 1977 : Roland GR-500, hexaphonic pickup + guitar controller Using multiple sound generators; electronic oscillators, ADSR, envelopes, filters, LFO, other sound processors to create complex waveforms that can be combined through various waveform synthesis techniques songvoorbeeld/gebruiker David Bowie : Ashes to Ashes - Bootsy - Mike Oldfield Benchmarks : Vintage : Korg X-911, Guild, EMS, Electro-Harmonix, Hammond Condor series, fOXX Mass produced : Electro Harmonix Microsynth, Boss SYB-3, Roland GR Boutique : Pigtronix Mothership 92 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  93. 93. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.2. guitarsynths 93 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  94. 94. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.2. guitarsynths Controls: TRIGGER : input volume to turn on filter VOICE MIXING section: GUITAR : output volume of the input signal SUB OCTAVE : output volume OCTAVE : output volume SQUARE WAVE : output volume ATTACK DELAY : sets time for the voice signals to reach full volume. FILTER SWEEP section. RESONANCE : sets sharpness, or “Q” of the filter. START FREQUENCY : filter sweep startpoint STOP FREQUENCY : filter sweep endpoint. RATE : speed at which the filter sweeps 94 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  95. 95. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.3. bitcrushing Geschiedenis 80s digital synths, Sample downgrading, dance, … Theorie Sample downgrading, dance,… songvoorbeeld/gebruiker T.Raumschmiere Benchmarks : Vintage : none Mass produced : Alesis BitrMan Boutique : WMD Geiger Counter, CoPilot 95 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  96. 96. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.3. bitcrushing 96 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  97. 97. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.3. bitcrushing Controls: GAIN : clean to distortion TONE : Cuts high/mid/low harmonics TONE ENABLE/DISABLE : removes the tone control from the preamp circuit. SAMPLE RATE : controls sample frequency BIT DEPTH: Sets bit resolution, adding quantization error distortion BITS/MASK : reduce noise, add gain, alters harmonics WAVE TABLE : bank of 256 different harmonic presets 97 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  98. 98. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.3. String effects Geschiedenis eBow : invented by Greg Heet in 1969 Gizmotron: Godley & Creme (10cc) Sustainiac Theorie eBow, Fernandes, Sustainiac, Guitar Resonator… : hand-held, electromagnetic field Gizmotron: wheels songvoorbeeld/gebruiker : With or Without you - U2 Gizmotron: 10cc, Godley & Creme, Led Zeppelin, Paul McCartney, … 98 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  99. 99. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.3. eBow 99 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  100. 100. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.4. circuit bending Geschiedenis 1990’s Reed Ghazala Theorie Circuit-bending is an electronic art which implements creative audio short-circuiting songvoorbeeld/gebruiker Vermin Twins Benchmarks : Vintage : Reed Ghazala ‘Incantor’ Mass produced : DS-1 is a popular pedal amongst circuitbenders Boutique : Tim Kaiser 100 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  101. 101. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.4. circuit bending 101 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  102. 102. 2.7. Others Tuner, Noisegate, Buffer, Sonic Maximizer Geschiedenis : 1930’s : invention of strobe tuner Noisegates : 1960’s : Abbey Road studio Buffer : 1906 : carbon microphones Sonic Maximizer : 1984 : Barcus Berry Electronics, BBE Theorie Tuner : measure the pitch and adjust or correct the input signal to the desired pitch Noisegate : reduces steady noise sources and hum from a power system Buffer : unity gain, isolating circuit Sonic Maximizer : corrects loudspeaker frequency-dependent phase shifts, and high- frequency gain-modulation that is based on midrange content 102 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  103. 103. 2.7. Others Tuner, Noisegate, Buffer, Sonic Maximizer 103 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  104. 104. 3.1. effecten combineren 3.1.1. oversturing & boost & compressie 3.2.2. fuzz & wah of filter (& boost) 3.3.3. chorus & delay … 104 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  105. 105. pedalboards of the stars ... Omar Rodriguez – Mars Volta 105 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  106. 106. pedalboards of the stars ... Tim Vanhamel 106 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  107. 107. pedalboards of the stars ... Josh Homme 107 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  108. 108. pedalboards of the stars ... Johnny Greenwood 108 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  109. 109. pedalboards of the stars ... Anthrax 109 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  110. 110. pedalboards of the stars ... Kurt Cobain 110 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  111. 111. pedalboards of the stars ... Robert Smith 111 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  112. 112. pedalboards of the stars ... Bloc Party 112 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  113. 113. pedalboards of the stars ... Marc Bolan 113 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  114. 114. pedalboards of the stars ... Eric Johnson 114 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  115. 115. pedalboards of the stars ... Genesis 115 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  116. 116. pedalboards of the stars ... The Edge 116 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  117. 117. pedalboards of the stars ... J. Mascis 117 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  118. 118. pedalboards of the stars ... Dan Auerbach – the Black Keys 118 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  119. 119. pedalboards of the stars ... Jack White - Raconteurs 119 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  120. 120. pedalboards of the stars ... Eddie van Halen 120 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  121. 121. pedalboards of the stars ... Lee Ranaldo - Sonic Youth 121 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  122. 122. pedalboards of the stars ... Thom Yorke 122 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  123. 123. pedalboards of the stars ... Simple Plan 123 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  124. 124. pedalboards of the stars ... Jamie Cook – Arctic Monkeys 124 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  125. 125. pedalboards of the stars ... Sigur Ros 125 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  126. 126. pedalboards of the stars ... Coldplay 126 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  127. 127. pedalboards of the stars ... Beck 127 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  128. 128. pedalboards of the stars ... David Byrne 128 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  129. 129. pedalboards of the stars ... Dave Grohl 129 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  130. 130. pedalboards of the stars ... Alex Turner – Arctic Monkeys 130 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  131. 131. pedalboards of the stars ... Calexico 131 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  132. 132. pedalboards of the stars ... Brian Molko - Placebo 132 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  133. 133. pedalboards of the stars ... Dweezil Zappa 133 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  134. 134. pedalboards of the stars ... Josh Klinghofer – PJ Harvey 134 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  135. 135. pedalboards of the stars ... E - Eels 135 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  136. 136. pedalboards of the stars ... Adrian Belew 136 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  137. 137. pedalboards of the stars ... Kevin Shields ... 137 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  138. 138. pedalboards of the stars ... Kevin Shields ... 138 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  139. 139. pedalboards of the stars ... Kevin Shields ... 139 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  140. 140. pedalboards of the stars ... Kevin Shields ... 140 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  141. 141. pedalboards of the stars ... Kevin Shields 141 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  142. 142. pedalboards of the stars ... Sufjan Stevens 142 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  143. 143. pedalboards of the stars ... The Horrors 143 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  144. 144. pedalboards of the stars ... Justin Meldal-Johnsen - Beck 144 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  145. 145. pedalboards of the stars ... John Frusciante 145 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  146. 146. pedalboards of the stars ... Sharin Foo - Raveonettes 146 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  147. 147. world's largest pedalboard 147 pedals ... 147 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  148. 148. world's largest pedalboard 148 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  149. 149. This is art ... 149 MOD - Oorknal - 200 Pedalen - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens

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