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Depot Workshop

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  • 1. Effects Workshop Part 1 Bart Provoost Kris Claessens
  • 2. 1.1. ontstaansgeschiedenis van effectpedaal 1960 : the Maestro Fuzz Tone  a device that would allow a guitar to replicate the sounds of brass or woodwind instruments like the saxophone, tuba or violin.  despite Gibson's marketing strategy, thrill-hungry teens had other plans for the fuzztone sound.  throughout the 1960's, the effect was used on a surprisingly large number of country records, most of which came from Nashville. 2 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 3. 1.2. effectpioniers (spelers en bouwers) the fuzztone sound was created by the legendary Nashville session picker Grady Martin.  in the summer of 1960, while recording the tune Don't Worry, a malfunctioning channel on the mixing board caused Martin's six string bass to be recorded with an insane amount of distortion, a sound that would come to be called fuzztone.  Glen Snoddy, the session engineer, saved the malfunctioning channel on the mixing board and brought it out upon request. 3 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 4. 1.3. effecten, een mondiaal overzicht UK Gary Hurst  Sola Sound > Colorsound  Vox → Jennings  Marshall  Carlsbro Arbiter, Dallas → Dallas Arbiter → CBS-Arbiter Hornby-Skewes (JHS), Roger Mayer, Dan Armstrong, Burns Selmer, WEM Cornish, Lovetone, D*A*M 4 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 5. 1.3. effecten, een mondiaal overzicht USA:  Maestro (Gibson), Mosrite, Guild, Ampeg, Kustom, DeArmond, Univox, Fender, Sunn, Sam Ash, Jordan, Electro-Harmonix  Musitronics, MXR, Ross, Systech, DOD, Tycobrahe, fOXX, Electra, Chandler, Seamoon, Sears-Roebuck  Pro Co, Dunlop, Snarling Dogs, Tech 21, Visual Sound, VoodooLab, Way Huge, Xotic, Fulltone, Z-Vex Brazil:  Giannini, Bautner, Chorus, Dynavox, Oliver, Sound (Malagoli), Vetron  G.N.I., Onerr, Meteoro, T.Miranda, Newell Dominicaanse Rep. : CoPilot Canada : Halifax, IC Sound, Dr. Scientist, Diamond, Empress, MJM Guitar FX, Oxfuzz, Retrosonic 5 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 6. 1.3. effecten, een mondiaal overzicht Europa: Germany: Schaller, Framus, Höfner, Hohner, Monacor, Lehle Italy: JEN, Cosmosound, EKO, Elka, Farfisa, Silversound, Montarbo,… Scandinavia: TC Electronic, Carl Martin, T-Rex, EMMA, EBS, BJF, Hughes&Kettner France: Jacques 6 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 7. 1.3. effecten, een mondiaal overzicht Oost Europa: Rusland : Elektronika, Formanta, Estradin, Spektr, Lell, Sovtek, Yerasov, AMT Ukraine : Crock, Maximum Acoustics, Sound JS Polen : Exar, Kod/Koda, PUE, Laboga, Merlin, G-Lab Czech : Velorex, Tesla, George Dennis DDR : Vermona, Böhm Estland : Udaloff Letland : Z.Cat 7 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 8. 1.3. effecten, een mondiaal overzicht Australia : MI Audio, Livingstone (Aldi!), Aphek, EA/Electronics Australia, Frostwave, MC-FX, Chunk Systems, Cave Passive, Fryer New Zealand : Holden, Gunn, Jansen, Crowther, Red Witch 8 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 9. 1.3. effecten, een mondiaal overzicht Japan : Acetone, Akai, Amdek, Aria, Arion, Shin-ei, Companion, Coron, Roland, Boss, Ibanez, Maxon, Guyatone, Honey, Korg, Yamaha, Next, Pearl, VestaFire, Royal, Rozz, Tokai 9 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 10. 1.3. effecten, een mondiaal overzicht Taiwan : Maxtone, Code, … (+ OEM!) South-Korea : Moollon, Artec, Belcat, PSK, Rogue, TKI, Crafter, Hanum, … (+ OEM!) India : Stranger Singapore : TheBlueArk, Goosonique Worx, Ohm Laboratories Philipines : Boston China : Behringer, Biyang, Beta Aivin, Moen, Daphon, Real Sound, … (+ OEM!) Indonesia : KS Aji 10 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 11. 1.4. de Boutique “bouteek” pedalen one man operation hand made quality parts custom design expensive Pioneers :  Roger Mayer, Pete Cornish  Mike Fuller : Fulltone  Zachary Vex : ZVex 11 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 12. 1.5. DIY, kits, clones Kits :  Build Your Own Clone  General Guitar Gadgets  Musikding  Banzai  Beavisboard  ZVex Inventobox Clones :  Tubescreamer  Boss vs. Behringer 12 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 13. 1.5. DIY, kits, clones Zvex Inventobox 13 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 14. 1.6. effecten, on line On-line communities : Blogs :  Build Your Own Clone  What‟s that dude play  General Guitar Gadgets  Analog Warcry  DIY Stompboxes  Bassfuzz.com  Freestompboxes  Matrixsynth Effect forums Facebook  Harmony Central Myspace  The Gear Page  Talkbass Twitter  Ilovefuzz  Gearspot.be Effectsdatabase.com  Gitaarnet.nl  Musictoyz  Pedalgeek 14 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 15. 1.7. tendensen (analog, digital, multi-FX, modelling, racks, ...) 15 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 16. 1.8. tendensen (software FX, plugins, VST Virtual Studio Technology) 16 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 17. 1.9. nuttig om weten combinatie gitaar, pick-ups, amps Guitar Pick-ups Amps Acoustic Active/Passive Tube Solidbody Single Coil Solid State Semi Acoustic Humbucker Hybrid Hollowbody Speakers/Cabs/Combo Modelling 17 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 18. 1.9. nuttig om weten pedalboards, powersupplies, cabling, switching loopers, MIDI switching 18 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 19. 1.9. nuttig om weten Pedal order Guitar → Compression → Gain → Equalisation → Modulation → Delay → Reverb → Amplifier Effect loop (amplifier)  modulation and time based effects in the loop delay, chorus, phaser, flanger  it accesses the effects AFTER the distortion circuit in your amp  more saturated/intense sound Bypass  Buffered : unity gain preamp that enables your signal to travel through much greater lengths of wire without loosing volume level  True bypass : pedal routes the signal directly from input to output 19 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 20. 2. effecten 2.1. oversturing 2.2. classics (amp effects) 2.3. modulatie 2.4. time based 2.5. filters 2.6. synths & oddities 2.7. others 20 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 21. 2.1. oversturing 2.1.1. boost (linear, germanium, FET, treble boost, ...) Geschiedenis :  Late 1960‟s Dallas Rangemaster treble booster (british amps, eg. Vox)  Electro Harmonix and Vox plug-in boosters Theorie :  makes input signal louder, up to 30dB  using germanium, JFET or MOSFET transistors songvoorbeeld/gebruiker :  Brian May (Queen) Benchmarks :  Vintage : Vox Booster  Mass produced : EHX Nano LPB  Boutique : BSM 21 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 22. 2.1. oversturing 2.1.1. boost (linear, germanium, FET, treble boost, ...) 22 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 23. 2.1. oversturing 2.1.2. overdrive (LED, Opamp, Chip, ...) Geschiedenis :  1960‟s Beatles recording straight into mixing desk  1970‟s Ibanez TS-808 Tube Screamer is the grandaddy of overdrive pedals Theorie :  provide a gain boost to “overdrive” a tube, or to approximate the tube-like sound of a slightly overdriven tube amp  soft clipping, the top of the wave form is compressed songvoorbeeld/gebruiker :  Santana, Stevie Ray Vaughan Benchmarks :  Vintage : Script MXR Distortion +, Ibanez II  Mass produced : Ibanez TS-9  Boutique : Klon Centaur 23 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 24. 2.1. oversturing 2.1.2. overdrive (LED, Opamp, Chip, ...) 24 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 25. 2.1. oversturing 2.1.3. distortion Geschiedenis :  Jackie Brentson and his Delta Cats (featuring Ike Turner) on the song Rocket 88, a busted speaker on the bass amp caused by falling off the roof of the car. Theorie :  boost the signal into high gain and alter the waveform : hard clipping  tone control to reduce or accentuate mids rather than the usual high boost/cut songvoorbeeld/gebruiker :  You really got me – the Kinks Benchmarks :  Vintage : EHX Big Muff  Mass produced : ProCo RAT  Boutique : BJFe 25 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 26. 2.1. oversturing 2.1.3. distortion 26 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 27. 2.1. oversturing 2.1.4. fuzz (germanium, silicon, hybrid, octavia) Geschiedenis :  1960‟s: Maestro Fuzztone, Roger Mayer, Fuzz Face, Sola Sound Tonebender Theorie  “broken amp” sound, oversaturation, adds sustain, guitar volume roll back adds dynamics  Germanium : warm vs. Silicon : harsh vs. Square Wave : synth  Octavia : doubling the frequency of a signal in order to make it appear to add a note an octave up from the original songvoorbeeld/gebruiker  Jimi Hendrix Benchmarks :  Vintage : Solasound Tonebender  Mass produced : Dunlop Fuzzface  Boutique : D*A*M - Differential Audio Manifestationz 27 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 28. 2.1. oversturing 2.1.4. fuzz (germanium, silicon, hybrid, octavia) 28 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 29. 2.2. classics (amp effects) 2.2.1. reverb (plate, spring, digital, ...) Geschiedenis :  Early recording studios used springs, plate, grain silos Theorie :  Simulate a “natural” room sound (from an empty room to a large concert hall)  Analog (spring reverb, tube reverb, onboard amp, BBD chip) vs. Digital vs. Modelling songvoorbeeld/gebruiker :  Surf music Benchmarks :  Vintage : Fender tube reverb  Mass produced : Boss RV-2  Boutique : Malekko Spring Chicken (Belton Reverb Brick based) 29 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 30. 2.2. classics (amp effects) 2.2.1. reverb (plate, spring, digital, ...) 30 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 31. 2.2. classics (amp effects) 2.2.2. tremolo (triangle, sine, ...) Geschiedenis :  Early 50‟s : first stand-alone tremolo effect made by DeArmond, the Model 800 Trem Trol Theorie :  periodic variation in the amplitude (volume) of the signal, creates a “stutter" effect  dual opamp-based circuit vs. discrete optocell circuit, motor (fluid/optical) songvoorbeeld/gebruiker  Johnny Marr, the Smiths – How soon is now Benchmarks :  Vintage : Fender 63 Vibroverb  Mass produced : Boss TR-2  Boutique : Toneczar Powerglide 31 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 32. 2.2. classics (amp effects) 2.2.2. tremolo (triangle, sine, ...) 32 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 33. 2.2. classics (amp effects) 2.2.3. volumepedaal, swell pedaal Geschiedenis  Swell pedals in organs etc. Theorie  Foot controlled volume swell  Violin like tone, soft volume, soft attack songvoorbeeld/gebruiker  pedalsteel Benchmarks :  Vintage : Morley  Mass produced : Ernie Ball  Boutique : Goodrich 33 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 34. 2.2. classics (amp effects) 2.2.3. volumepedaal, swell pedaal 34 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 35. 2.2. classics (amp effects) 2.2.4. compressor, limiter, enhancer, sustainer Geschiedenis :  Radio broadcasting & recording technology Theorie :  Compressor suppresses loud signals and boosts quiet signals, sustain control  Limiter smooths out excessive peaks  Enhancer adds definition and contour (eg. multiple effects) , clarifies dynamics (eg. slap bass) songvoorbeeld/gebruiker  Nashville country pickers Benchmarks :  Vintage : Ross  Mass produced : MXR Dynacomp  Boutique : Keeley 35 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 36. 2.2. classics (amp effects) 2.2.4. compressor, limiter, enhancer, sustainer 36 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 37. 2.2. classics (amp effects) 2.2.5. EQ, parametric, graphic Geschiedenis  1930‟s theatre audio playback systems Theorie :  Graphic EQ : cuts or boosts specific frequency bands  Parametric EQ : curves the frequency response to include changes in adjacent frequencies songvoorbeeld/gebruiker  Appears everywhere in live performance, recording studio, broadcast, and post-production Benchmarks :  Vintage : Bell Labs, Altec Lansing  Mass produced : Boss GE-7  Boutique : HBE Detox, Empress ParaEQ 37 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 38. 2.2. classics (amp effects) 2.2.5. EQ, parametric, graphic 38 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 39. 2.3. modulatie 2.3.1. Phaser, phase shifter Geschiedenis  1970 : Tom Oberheim designed the Maestro PS-1 (rotating speaker sim) Theorie :  filter a signal by creating a series of peaks and troughs in the frequency spectrum. “phase shifters” split the signal and shift one path out of phase from 0 to 360 degrees through the entire range of the frequency spectrum, and blend it back.  sweeping effect songvoorbeeld/gebruiker  Eddie Van Halen Benchmarks :  Vintage : MXR Script 90  Mass produced : EHX Small Stone, MXR Block 90  Boutique : Whetstone phaser 39 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 40. 2.3. modulatie 2.3.1. Phaser, phase shifter 40 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 41. 2.3. modulatie 2.3.2. flanger Geschiedenis :  Studio trick : engineer puts a finger on the flange of a tape reels to slow it down. Theorie :  two identical signals are mixed together, one signal time-delayed swept comb filter  replicate the sound of two big reel-to-reel tape machines sliding in and out of sync songvoorbeeld/gebruiker :  The Forest – the Cure Benchmarks :  Vintage : A/DA Flanger  Mass produced : EHX Electric Mistress Deluxe, Boss BF-2  Boutique : Lovetone ? Flanger 41 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 42. 2.3. modulatie 2.3.2. flanger 42 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 43. 2.3. modulatie 2.3.3. chorus Geschiedenis :  1976 : CE-1 Chorus Ensemble pedal with the chorus circuit of the Roland JC-120 Theorie :  Double tracking effect, splitting the signal into a vibrato and a clean path  short delays used to create harmonically spaced notches and peaks in the frequency spectrum modulate above and below specific frequency ranges. songvoorbeeld/gebruiker :  Come as you are - Nirvana Benchmarks :  Vintage : Boss CE-1 Chorus Ensemble  Mass produced : EHX Small Clone  Boutique : Analogman Bi-Chorus 43 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 44. 2.3. modulatie 2.3.3. chorus 44 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 45. 2.3. modulatie 2.3.4. vibrato Geschiedenis :  Early 60‟s : circuit that usually required at least two preamp tubes. It was most often installed in amps, eg. Fender Tweed Vibrolux amps Theorie :  wavering of the note above and below pitch to create a sort of harmonious or detuning “wobbling” effect  Phase vibe / chorus vibe songvoorbeeld/gebruiker :  Jimi Hendrix – Machine Gun Benchmarks :  Vintage : Uni-Vibe  Mass produced : Dunlop Uni-Vibe  Boutique : Roger Mayer Voodoo Vibe 45 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 46. 2.3. modulatie 2.3.4. vibrato 46 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 47. 2.3. modulatie 2.3.5. rotating speaker Geschiedenis :  Leslie rotating speaker cabinets for organs Theorie :  recreate the amplitude modulation, frequency modulation, and phase shift created by the two rotating speakers, along with the overdrive created by the Leslie's tube amplifier songvoorbeeld/gebruiker :  U2 : One Benchmarks :  Vintage : Leslie  Mass produced : H&K Rotosphere  Boutique : DLS RotoSIM 47 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 48. 2.3. modulatie 2.3.5. rotating speaker 48 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 49. 2.4. time based 2.4.1. tape delay, disk, oil can Geschiedenis :  Late 1940‟s : Les Paul achieved time delay by stretching audiotape between two reel-to- reel tape decks spaced several feet apart. Theorie :  Endless tape loop runs past a record head and a playback head, varying the speed of the tape changes the length of time before the sound echoes songvoorbeeld/gebruiker :  Hank Marvin - Shadows Benchmarks :  Vintage : Maestro Echoplex  Mass produced : Watkins Copicat  Boutique : Fulltone TTE 49 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 50. 2.4. time based 2.4.1. tape delay, disk, oil can 50 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 51. 2.4. time based 2.4.2. delay analog Geschiedenis :  early 70s, large-scale semiconductor analog delay circuits became available Theorie :  “bucket brigade delay chips” pass the signal along in stages from the input pin to the output pin, with as many as from 68 to 4096 stages, more stages = longer delay. songvoorbeeld/gebruiker :  Pink Floyd - Money Benchmarks :  Vintage : EHX Deluxe Memoryman  Mass produced : Boss DM-2  Boutique : Toneczar Echoczar 51 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 52. 2.4. time based 2.4.2. delay analog 52 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 53. 2.4. time based 2.4.3. delay digital (tap tempo, reverse, ...) Geschiedenis :  Late 70‟s : digital signal processing (DSP) electronics in expensive rack mounted units Theorie :  sampling the input signal through an analog-to-digital converter, after which the signal is passed through a series of DSPs that store it in buffer, and then play back the stored audio. songvoorbeeld/gebruiker :  The Edge – U2 Benchmarks :  Vintage : Boss DD-2  Mass produced : Boss DD-3  Boutique : Empress Superdelay 53 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 54. 2.4. time based 2.4.3. delay digital (tap tempo, reverse, ...) 54 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 55. 2.4. time based 2.4.4. looping/sampling Geschiedenis :  1983: EHX Digital Looping Recorder 64second Theorie :  Record, Overdub, Multiply, Insert, Replace recorded samples songvoorbeeld/gebruiker :  Hip hop Benchmarks :  Vintage : Boomerang Phrase Sampler  Mass produced : Digitech Jamman  Boutique : Maneco Looper 55 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 56. 2.4. time based 2.4.4. looping/sampling 56 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 57. 2.5. filters 2.5.1. wah-wah Geschiedenis :  first wah made by Warwick Electronics Inc./Thomas Organ Company in November 1966 Theorie :  mimics the human voice by sweeping the peak response of a filter up and down in frequency to create a spectral glide songvoorbeeld/gebruiker :  theme from Shaft Benchmarks :  Vintage : Thomas Organ wah  Mass produced : Dunlop CryBaby  Boutique : Wilson wah 57 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 58. 2.5. filters 2.5.1. wah-wah, talking pedal EHX Talki 58 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 59. 2.5. filters 2.5.2. envelope/dynamic filter Geschiedenis :  prototypes of a unique synthesizer and "Timbre Generation" filter bank were produced for Guild musical instruments by Mike Beigel and Isidor Straus in 1971  Mu-Tron III developed by Mike Beigel for Musitronics in 1972 Theorie :  Moving filter: auto-wah / envelope filter / triggered filter (threshold) songvoorbeeld/gebruiker :  Bootsy Collins Benchmarks :  Vintage : Mu-Tron III, EHX Bass Balls, EHX Doctor Q  Mass produced : Boss FT-2, EHX Doctor Q, EHX Q-Tron  Boutique : Lovetone Meatball 59 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 60. 2.5. filters 2.5.2. envelope/dynamic filter 60 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 61. 2.5. filters 2.5.3. envelope filter 61 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 62. 2.5. filters 2.5.4. voltage controlled filter 62 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 63. 2.5. filters 2.5.5. talkbox/vocoder Geschiedenis  Telephony (Voder) > Vocoder  1939 Alvino Rey, Singing Guitar, mic placed on throat  Sonovox > Bag > Talkbox Theorie  Shaping the frequencies of a sound with those of another sound songvoorbeeld/gebruiker  Peter Frampton, Roger Troutman (Zapp) Benchmarks :  Vintage: Sennheiser, Moog, Kustom The Bag, EHX Golden Throat,…  Mass produced: Rocktron Banshee, Heil Talkbox, Danelectro Free Speech  Boutique: C.M. Gregor (PL) 63 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 64. 2.5. filters 2.5.5. talkbox 64 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 65. 2.5.5. vocoder 65 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 66. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.1. ring modulator Geschiedenis  1930‟s radio receivers, 1963 Don Buchla modular synth  Early use: BBC radiophonic workshop (Dr. Who) Theorie  Modulating 1 sound/frequency with another sound/frequency (or itself), dissonant sounds  Result: freq 1 – freq 2, freq 1 + freq 2 songvoorbeeld/gebruiker  Devo, Sonic Youth, Grateful Dead, Miles Davis Benchmarks :  Vintage : Maestro, EHX Frequency Analyzer, Dan Armstrong Green Ringer  Mass produced : EHX Frequency Analyzer  Boutique : Lovetone Ring Stinger, Frostwave Blue Ringer 66 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 67. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.1. ring modulator 67 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 68. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.2. octavers, pitchshifting, harmonizers Geschiedenis  Analog : varispeed on tape machine  Eventide harmonizer rack effects processor Theorie  Frequency dividers and doublers  Pitch shifting: delay/sample played at different speed songvoorbeeld/gebruiker  Jack White / White Stripes (Seven Nation Army “bassline”) Benchmarks :  Vintage : Vox Octavoice, Maestro Octave Box, EHX Octave Multiplexer  Mass produced : Digitech Whammy, Boss OC-2, PS-2, EHX Octave Multiplexer, POG,…  Boutique : Foxrox Octron 68 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 69. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.2. octavers, pitchshifting 69 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 70. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.2. guitarsynths Geschiedenis & theorie  Multi-effects: filter (freq), fuzz (waves), envelope/pitch control,…  Pitch to voltage/midi/… → real synths  1977 : Roland GR-500, hexaphonic pickup + guitar controller  Using multiple sound generators; electronic oscillators, ADSR, envelopes, filters, LFO, other sound processors to create complex waveforms that can be combined through various waveform synthesis techniques songvoorbeeld/gebruiker  David Bowie : Ashes to Ashes - Bootsy - Mike Oldfield Benchmarks :  Vintage : Korg X-911, Guild, EMS, Electro-Harmonix, Hammond Condor series, fOXX  Mass produced : Electro Harmonix Microsynth, Boss SYB-3, Roland GR  Boutique : Pigtronix Mothership 70 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 71. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.2. guitarsynths 71 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 72. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.3. bitcrushing Geschiedenis  80s digital synths, Sample downgrading, dance, … Theorie  Sample downgrading, dance,… songvoorbeeld/gebruiker  T.Raumschmiere Benchmarks :  Vintage : none  Mass produced : Alesis BitrMan  Boutique : WMD Geiger Counter, CoPilot 72 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 73. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.3. bitcrushing 73 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 74. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.3. String effects Geschiedenis  eBow : invented by Greg Heet in 1969  Gizmotron: Godley & Creme (10cc)  Sustainiac Theorie  eBow, Fernandes, Sustainiac, Guitar Resonator… : hand-held, electromagnetic field  Gizmotron: wheels songvoorbeeld/gebruiker :  With or Without you - U2  Gizmotron: 10cc, Godley & Creme, Led Zeppelin, Paul McCartney, … 74 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 75. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.3. eBow 75 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 76. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.4. circuit bending Geschiedenis  1990‟s Reed Ghazala Theorie  Circuit-bending is an electronic art which implements creative audio short-circuiting songvoorbeeld/gebruiker  Vermin Twins Benchmarks :  Vintage : Reed Ghazala „Incantor‟  Mass produced : DS-1 is a popular pedal amongst circuitbenders  Boutique : Tim Kaiser 76 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 77. 2.6. synths & oddities 2.6.4. circuit bending 77 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 78. 2.7. Others Tuner, Noisegate, Buffer, Sonic Maximizer Geschiedenis :  1930‟s : invention of strobe tuner  Noisegates : 1960‟s : Abbey Road studio  Buffer : 1906 : carbon microphones  Sonic Maximizer : 1984 : Barcus Berry Electronics, BBE Theorie  Tuner : measure the pitch and adjust or correct the input signal to the desired pitch  Noisegate : reduces steady noise sources and hum from a power system  Buffer : unity gain, isolating circuit  Sonic Maximizer : corrects loudspeaker frequency-dependent phase shifts, and high- frequency gain-modulation that is based on midrange content 78 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 79. 2.7. Others Tuner, Noisegate, Buffer, Sonic Maximizer 79 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 80. 3.1. effecten combineren 3.1.1. oversturing & boost & compressie 3.2.2. fuzz & wah of filter (& boost) 3.3.3. chorus & delay … 80 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 81. pedalboards of the stars ... Omar Rodriguez – Mars Volta 81 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 82. pedalboards of the stars ... Tim Vanhamel 82 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 83. pedalboards of the stars ... Josh Homme 83 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 84. pedalboards of the stars ... Johnny Greenwood 84 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 85. pedalboards of the stars ... Anthrax 85 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 86. pedalboards of the stars ... Kurt Cobain 86 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 87. pedalboards of the stars ... Robert Smith 87 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 88. pedalboards of the stars ... Bloc Party 88 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 89. pedalboards of the stars ... Marc Bolan 89 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 90. pedalboards of the stars ... Eric Johnson 90 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 91. pedalboards of the stars ... Genesis 91 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 92. pedalboards of the stars ... The Edge 92 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 93. pedalboards of the stars ... J. Mascis 93 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 94. pedalboards of the stars ... Dan Auerbach – the Black Keys 94 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 95. pedalboards of the stars ... Jack White - Raconteurs 95 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 96. pedalboards of the stars ... Eddie van Halen 96 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 97. pedalboards of the stars ... Lee Ranaldo - Sonic Youth 97 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 98. pedalboards of the stars ... Thom Yorke 98 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 99. pedalboards of the stars ... Simple Plan 99 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 100. pedalboards of the stars ... Jamie Cook – Arctic Monkeys 100 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 101. pedalboards of the stars ... Sigur Ros 101 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 102. pedalboards of the stars ... Coldplay 102 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 103. pedalboards of the stars ... Beck 103 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 104. pedalboards of the stars ... David Byrne 104 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 105. pedalboards of the stars ... Dave Grohl 105 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 106. pedalboards of the stars ... Alex Turner – Arctic Monkeys 106 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 107. pedalboards of the stars ... Calexico 107 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 108. pedalboards of the stars ... Brian Molko - Placebo 108 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 109. pedalboards of the stars ... Dweezil Zappa 109 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 110. pedalboards of the stars ... Josh Klinghofer – PJ Harvey 110 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 111. pedalboards of the stars ... E - Eels 111 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 112. pedalboards of the stars ... Adrian Belew 112 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 113. pedalboards of the stars ... Kevin Shields ... 113 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 114. pedalboards of the stars ... Kevin Shields ... 114 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 115. pedalboards of the stars ... Kevin Shields ... 115 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 116. pedalboards of the stars ... Kevin Shields ... 116 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 117. pedalboards of the stars ... Kevin Shields 117 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 118. pedalboards of the stars ... Sufjan Stevens 118 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 119. pedalboards of the stars ... The Horrors 119 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 120. pedalboards of the stars ... Justin Meldal-Johnsen - Beck 120 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 121. pedalboards of the stars ... John Frusciante 121 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 122. pedalboards of the stars ... Sharin Foo - Raveonettes 122 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 123. world's largest pedalboard 147 pedals ... 123 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 124. world's largest pedalboard 124 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens
  • 125. This is art ... 125 Het Depot - DIY Effects Part I - Bart Provoost - Kris Claessens