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Cellulosic Ethanol Technologies
Cellulosic Ethanol Technologies
Cellulosic Ethanol Technologies
Cellulosic Ethanol Technologies
Cellulosic Ethanol Technologies
Cellulosic Ethanol Technologies
Cellulosic Ethanol Technologies
Cellulosic Ethanol Technologies
Cellulosic Ethanol Technologies
Cellulosic Ethanol Technologies
Cellulosic Ethanol Technologies
Cellulosic Ethanol Technologies
Cellulosic Ethanol Technologies
Cellulosic Ethanol Technologies
Cellulosic Ethanol Technologies
Cellulosic Ethanol Technologies
Cellulosic Ethanol Technologies
Cellulosic Ethanol Technologies
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Cellulosic Ethanol Technologies

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competitors in the market and technologies to convert biomass into sugar

competitors in the market and technologies to convert biomass into sugar

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  • 1. ‚Lignocellulosic Ethanol: Competitors in the Market and Technologies to Convert Biomass into Sugar‘ Dipl.-Bw. Dirk Volkmann 17th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition Hamburg, July 2, 2009, Session OD8.1 Volkmann Consult – Corporate Advisors, Joachimstrasse 24, D-40545 Duesseldorf, dirk@volkmann-consult.de
  • 2. Lignocellulosic feedstock  Wood  primary (native)  plantation  primary forest waste  secondary processing waste  Agricultural residues  straws (wheat, barley, rice)  bagasse (sugarcane, sweet sorghum)  stover (corn, milo)  Municipal waste  Waste paper your contact: Dirk Volkmann – dirk@volkmann-consult.de
  • 3. - complexity of the raw material - composition: target: cellulose (35 – 50%) to separate the lignin and the hemicellulose hemicellulose from the cellulose and to (20 - 35%) break up the protective skin of the cellulose to lignin make it predisposed for (10 – 25 %) enzymes your contact: Dirk Volkmann – dirk@volkmann-consult.de
  • 4. cellulosic technologies acid hydrolysis enzymatic concentrated acid processes hydrolysis dilute acid hydrolysis lignocellusic removal (pretreatment) ethanol of the lignin present in new acid hydrolysis lignocellulosic feedstocks biomass synthesis gas production of ethanol from biomass synthesis gas your contact: Dirk Volkmann – dirk@volkmann-consult.de
  • 5. acid hydrolysis: technologies  Sulfuric  concentrated: one stage  dilute: one stage  dilute/concentrated: two stage  dilute/dilute: two stage  Hydrochloric  concentrated: liquid phase  concentrated: vapor phase  dilute  Organic (autohydrolysis)  steam pressure  steam and mechanical pressure your contact: Dirk Volkmann – dirk@volkmann-consult.de
  • 6. acid hydrolysis: market players  Agresti Biofuels, US  Arkenol, US  Blue Fire, US  Chempolis OY, FIN  Green Star Energy, US  Green Sugar, Germany  Lignol Energy, CAN  Pure Energy Corporation, US  St. Petersburg State Forest-Technical Academy, RUS  TNO, NL  ….. your contact: Dirk Volkmann – dirk@volkmann-consult.de
  • 7. concentrated acid hydrolysis sulfuric acid : Arkenol Technology (USA) source: www.arkenol.com your contact: Dirk Volkmann – dirk@volkmann-consult.de
  • 8. concentrated acid hydrolysis hydrochloric acid : biomass Green Sugar Technology (GER) Pre-sugar solution ( salts, amino acids, sugar [xyl, glc, ara, gal]) module 1 module 2 Main sugar solution (glc) biomass Hydrolysis wash water (glc) pretreatment HCl 32%ig HCl 41%ig Water L ign in HCl module 3 module 4b module 4a acid/sugar- water acid recovery Acid absorbtion Separation w at er, acet ic acid sugar syrup sugar syrup C5-rich C6-rich (mainly xylose) (mainly Glucose) source: www.green-sugar.eu your contact: Dirk Volkmann – dirk@volkmann-consult.de
  • 9. dilute hydrolysis: Pure Energy Corp. (USA) technology used for Green Star Products projects www.greenstarusa.com source: www.pure-energy.com your contact: Dirk Volkmann – dirk@volkmann-consult.de
  • 10. enzymatic processes: technologies  pretreatment options  autohydrolysis  steam pressure  steam and mechanical pressure  steam explosion  acid pre-hydrolysis  dilute sulfuric acid  dilute hydrochloric acid  acetic acid  concentrated sulfuric acid (cold)  concentrated hydrochloric acid (cold)  Alkali (Sodium hydroxide, Ammonia)  Organolsolv (Methanol, Ethanol, Butanol, Phenol etc.)  Mechanical  attrition mill, roller mill, vibratory rod mill, extruder your contact: Dirk Volkmann – dirk@volkmann-consult.de
  • 11. enzymatic processes: market players  Abengoa, ES/US  AE Biofuels, US  BioGasol, DK  Citrus Energy, US  Dupont Danisco, US  Ecofin, US  Gevo, US  IOGEN, CAN  Mascoma, US  Old Town Fuel and Fibre, US  Pacific Ethanol, US  Qteros, US  Sekab, SWE  ST1, FIN  SunOpta, US  Verenium, US ….......... your contact: Dirk Volkmann – dirk@volkmann-consult.de
  • 12. enzymatic hydrolysis: Abengoa Bioenergy (ES/USA) source: www.abengoabioenergy.com your contact: Dirk Volkmann – dirk@volkmann-consult.de
  • 13. biomass synthesis gas: technologies  production of synthesis gas  steam reforming  partial oxidation  conversion processes  methanol synthesis and homologation  fermentation  distillation your contact: Dirk Volkmann – dirk@volkmann-consult.de
  • 14. biomass synthesis gas: market players  BRI Energy, US  Coskata, US  Enerkem, CAN  Flambeau River, US  Guld Coast Energy, US  IneosBIO, US  Liberty Industries, US  New Planet Energy, US  Nova Fuels, US  Range Fuels, US  ...... your contact: Dirk Volkmann – dirk@volkmann-consult.de
  • 15. biomass synthesis gas: Coskata Technology source: www.coskata.com your contact: Dirk Volkmann – dirk@volkmann-consult.de
  • 16. biomass synthesis gas: Range Fuels Technology Biofuels Storage Syngas Cleaning Alcohols Devolatilization Separation Gas Production biomass feedstock Catalytic Steam Reforming handling Conversion Syngas Production Alcohols Production source: www.rangefuels.com your contact: Dirk Volkmann – dirk@volkmann-consult.de
  • 17. References and Links:  The Cellulosic Ethanol Race,  http://www.investincellulosicethanol.com/  http://biofuelsdigest.com/blog2/tag/cellulosic-ethanol/  http://www.ethanolrfa.org/resource/cellulosic/  http://www.thecesite.com/index.html  and the websites of all mentioned companies your contact: Dirk Volkmann – dirk@volkmann-consult.de
  • 18. your contact: Dirk Volkmann – dirk@volkmann-consult.de

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