John Spencer - World Atlas of UFOs
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    John Spencer - World Atlas of UFOs John Spencer - World Atlas of UFOs Document Transcript

    • WORlD ATlAS OF s
    • EDITOR ANNA MUMFORD ART EDITOR BOB GORDON PICTURE RESEARCH RACH EL DUFFIELD PRODUCTION CONTROLLER CHR ISTINA ROBILL IARD First published in 1991 by The Hamlyn Publishing Group Limited, Michelin House, 81 Fulham Road, part of Reed International Books, London SW3 6RB This edition first published in the United States in 1992 by SMITH MARK Publishers Inc., NY 10016 112 Madison Avenue, New York, ©Text john Spencer © Illustrations and Design Reed International Books Limited All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the permission of the Publisher and the copyright owner. ISBN 0- 8317-949&-4 Typeset by Dorchester Typesetting Group Limited Produced by Mandarin Offset - printed in Hong KongThe Publishers would like to thank the following organizations NASA 12,/SPL 137, 187Tand individuals for their kind pennission to reproduce the Novosti Press Agency 128photohrraphs in this book. Popperfoto 27, 28T, 66, 82T, 114, 129, 140Aerofilms 75, 76 Science Photo Library 2-3, 29B, 40-1,/J Baum 131,/J Finch 40, 133,/D Parker 135,/M Paternostro 136Martin Bower 19B, 22, 9�3B, 116-7 South American Pictures/Tony Morrison 189Steuart Campbell 111Peter Day lOOT Spectrum 105T&B, 108-9, 141, 175 John Spencer 60, 95, 1<>:3Mary Evans Picture Library 17, 21, �5. 2HB, 29T, :34, Syndication International/Associated Press 16316T&B, 49, 5:3, 59, 62, 64, 69R, 79, HOL, H1, H2B, H:3, TRH Pictures 1:�0R,/Grumman 130LHSTL,TR&B, HH, 90, �nl, 102, 107, 123, 173, 1H7B,/Project © VUFORS 167,/P Nonnan 172, 174I lessdalen 11H. 119Tt� B Zefa 178Fortean Picture Library 14, 15, 21B, 26B, :35, 3H, 4:3, 51, 69L,71L&R, 7H, H7, liS, 1�0. 1HS,!Fotorama 26T,/Tsutomu Although every effort has been made to trace the copyrightNakayama 6:>,/B Skinner 121, C Svahn HOR holder, we apoloh.-]ze in advance for any unintentional omissionsStanton T Freidman 1H and would be pleased to insert the appropriateJohn Frost Newspapers S1 acknowledgements in any subsequent edition of thisThe Ronald Crant Archive 11 publication.Robert Harding Picture Library 50-1Cynthia I lind H 7, lS:3, 156,/ ©Ministry of lnfonnation, Illustrations on pages :�0-1, �36-7, 44-5, 96-7. 112-13, 138-9,Zimbabwe ][)() 154-5, 164-5, 170-1 and 182-3 by Tony Roberts. Illustration onThe llutchison Library 1S7,/T Bedow 14S page 21 by Keith Scaife. Models and photographs on pagesThe Kobal Collection :3], 57, 101 19B, 22, 93B, 116-17 by Martin Bower. These compositionsMUFON J9L&R, 5H are artists impressions based on witnesses reports.
    • Foreword hIntroduction 7NORTH AMERICA X Last Bastion of ETH 10 Database 14 From Saucers to Conspiracies 0�EUROPE 72 A Common European Ufology? 74 Database 7b Beyond Extra-terrestrials 120THE EAST 124 UFOs and Freedom of Infonnation 126 Database 128 Interaction between East and West 141AFRICA 142 UFOs Within African Culture 144 Database 146 UFOs or Ancestral Spirits 1;:)/AUSTRALASIA 158 The Australasian Perspective 160 Database 1()� The Missing Links 17;:)SOUTH AMERICA 176 The South American Viewpoint 17� Database 1�11 UFOs South of the Border 1���Index 1 �IllAfterword 1 :1�
    • s the International Director of the Mutual UFO Network A (MUFON), the worlds largest and most geographically widespread independent UFO research organization, I am aware, perhaps more than most, that the UFO phe-nomenon is a truly global one. Unidentified Flying Objects areexperienced by people all over the world and the World Atlas ofUFOs shows this continent by continent. The World Atlas of UFOs also highlights areas of largecountries - remote or less technological countries - whereUFOs are rarely reported. It becomes apparent that UFOreporting is confined to those areas that have UFO investigatorsto whom these events can be reported. Those of us involved inthe study of this phenomenon are convinced that if there weremore people to whom sightings could be reported, then morecases deserving of serious study would reach UFO researchers. During my twenty years at MUFON I have determined atleast two important things: first, that the UFO subject is seriousand deserves to be treated with greater respect by scientists,world governments and the public than it presently is; second,that this subject is bringing people together across the world, andin a way that brings out their best talents. Thousands of peopleare donating hundreds of hours per year without fmancialcompensation to helping those who do not seem to understandtheir own experiences or who may be unwilling victims oftraumatic experiences. The annual MUFON International UFO Symposium attractshundreds of people from all over the world who come together ina spirit of joint endeavour· that breaks down internationalboundaries. Both the Mutual UFO Network (MUFON) and theBritish UFO Research Association (BUFORA) are organizationsto which the author and many of the contributors belong. Theyhave a stated objective to educate the public in a responsible andauthoritative manner, to encourage other groups and organiza­tions around the world to share their work, and to proceedtowards a solution to this intriguing and mysterious subject. Thisbook is part of that process. WALTER H. ANDRUS ]R. INTERNATIONAL DIRECTOR MuTUAL UFO NETW(mK 6
    • nidentified Flying Objects are a subject Kuhle mann, Jenny f{andles, Steve Camble, U which is much misunderstood: partly Bob Digby, Philip Mantle, Andy Hoberts. None because of poor media attention, partly of these people are responsible for any opinions because of inadequate support from the expressed in the book other than those theyscientific community and partly because of the make in their own section introductions.absurd claims of cult followers who attach My thanks also to the artists and illustra­themselves to the subject. The end result is tors, Tony l{oberts, Martin Hower and Keiththat authoritative data rarely gets to the Scaife for their astonishing visualizations thatgeneral public and the UFO phenomenon as a portray the mystery and awe of key events.whole attracts ridicule. The World Atlas of I would like to !-,rive special thanks to threeUFOs aims to redress that imbalance. other people who each gave very special We do not know what UFOs are: some support in their own way: my wife, Anne, whocases make it very clear that they are a physical became researcher and cartographer despitereality; other cases seem to be caught up in a the demands of our home and her own busi­sociological event; some cases have mytholo­ ness; Anna Mumford, of Reed Internationalgical and others psychological components. Books, who gave tremendous back-up andSome UFO reports arc humorous and appear to installed a hot-line direct to my desk; Kathrynbe relatively unimportant while a great many Howard, a UFO abductee who, when I neededhave serious, often frightening implications for a fresh perspective on the subject, provided itindividual people and for the world as a whole. (in trumps!).Too many people have been touched by UFOs, There are people missing from this list who,directly and indirectly, for the UFO phe­ for various reasons, cannot be acknowledgednomenon to be wished away. These people and individually: the hundreds of good UFO investi­the rest of the world deserve a reasoned gators whose cases make up the databases -attempt to provide them with the answers that space simply prohibits a full cross-referencedthey seek - whatever those answers may be. list; psycholo!-,rists and some scientists whoThe World Atlas of UFOs proves one thing prefer to remain anonymous at least for thevery clearly: that at some level, or in some moment; witnesses whose cases are not in­way, the UFO phenomenon is real. cluded out of respect for their wish that their To compile a world database of over forty stories remain out of the public domain - theyears of research from all around the world was perspective they provide is vital.a daunting task. I could not have easily done so In researching the data, I have used manywithout the support of friends and colleab es U T case files including my own, and taken theacross the world who supplied data, gave their opinions of many more experienced than my­opinions, guided me to sources of data, or self. For specific references I have referred tosimply kept me going when the coffee ran out. many publications (see Bibliography page 192).From an endless list I would particularly like to None of the books, journals or authors men­mention: Hilary Evans, Cynthia Hind, Paul tioned are responsible for the opinions ex­Norman, Eduardo Russo, Walter H Andtusjnr, pressed, some of which are no doubt contraryBudd Hopkins, Thomas (Eddie) Bullard, Bertil to their own. Such is this subject. 7
    • SOMEWHERE OUT THERE , THERE MUST SURE LY BE TE CHNO-DEMOCRATS , JUST LIKE OURSELVES , I N SEARCH OF NEW FRONTIERS AND HORIZONS , WILLING TO GO WHERE NO MAN HAS GONE BEFORE . KEY TO MAP OF NORTH AMERICACD Aerial Cattle Rustlers , Le Roy, Kansas @ Flynn Incident, Everglades, Florida0 Maury Island, Washington State @ Exeter Flap , Exeter, New HampshireQ) Kenneth Arnold Sighting, Mount Rainier, Washington State ® Great North Eastern Blackout, North Eastern United States/Canada<3)Roswell Incident, Roswell, New Mexico ® Swamp Gas Debacle, Ann Arbor, Michigan® Captain Thomas Mantell , Godman Field, Kentucky ® Catalina Island Film, California® Aztec, New Mexico ® Betty Andreasson. Ashburnham, Massachusetts0 Chiles/Whitted, Montgomery , Georgia ® Stephan Michalaq. Falcon Lake, Ontario/Manitoba border (Canada)® Fargo, North Dakota ® Patrolman Schirmer. Ashland, Nebraska® White Sands , White Sands Proving G rounds , New Mexico ® Shane Ku rz. New York State@> The Trent Photographs, McMinnville , Oregon ® Callery Chemical Plant, Butler, Pennsylvania@ The Lubbock Lights, Lubbock, Texas ® Dapple Grey Lane, Los Angeles, California® Washington Flap, Washington D.C. @) St Catherines, Ontario (Canada)@ Desvergers Encounter, West Palm Beach, Florida @ The Delphos Ring , Kansas® George Adamski, Desert Centre, California ® Michellmbeault, Montreal, Canada@ Gulf of Mexico @ Pascagoula Encounter, Mississippi@ Tujunga Canyon, California @ Jeff Greenhaw, Falkville, Alabama® Livermore , Oakland , California @ Captain Coyne, Mansfield. Ohio® Daniel Fry, White Sands Proving Grounds, New Mexico @) FlattertDonathan, Blackford County, Indiana® Goose Bay, Labrador (Canada) @ Polaski Encounter, Greensberg, Pennsylvania® Kelly-Hopkinsville, Kentucky ® Tsutomu Nakayama, Hawaii® Jennie, Nebraska @ Carl Higdon Abduction, Medicine Bow National Forest. Wyoming@ Lochraven Dam , Baltimore, Pennsylvania @> Travis Walton Abduction, Snowflake. Arizona@ Joe Simonton, Eagle River, Wisconsin @> Falconbridge. Ontario (Canada)® Betty and Barney Hill, Concorde, New Hampshire ® Cash/Landrum Encounter, Dayton, Texas@ Socorro, New Mexico ® Kathie Davis Abductions, Copley Woods, Indiana@ Gary Wilcox. Tioga, New York State ® Japan Air Lines, Anchorage Airport, Alaska® Cisco Grove, California ® Gulf Breeze Case, Gulf Breeze, Florida
    • ach year the President of the United States of was American ingenuity and industry, was it not, that E America addresses the nation with a State of felled Hitlers Fortress Europe? (Never mind for now the Union message. This speech is purely that Soviet armies had a small helping hand in turning political; that is to say, heavy on platitudes, back the Fascist tide.) Moreover, it was Americanand short on substance. A few troublesome issues are know-how that manufactured the worlds first atomicadmitted to, but these are traditionally glossed over as bomb. (And a military mind-set we tend to overlooknothing the spirit of the American people cant that decided to drop it.)conquer if we only put our minds to it, and our Certainly, the remarkable economic and industrialshoulders to the wheel. recovery of a war-ravaged world owes a great deal of I can see that I might easily be accused of a similar debt to its American constituency, however tarnishedsort of equivocation here. As editor of the monthly or lagging our present perlormance. The point is that,journal of MUFON, the Mutual UFO Network, I for better or worse, it is, perhaps, the Americansuppose I can be seen as a party loyalist, one who character that has cast the longest shadow over theadheres publicly to the perceived party line, and tends collective post World War Two global village. Musco­to put a gloss on the overall status of the situation, vites crowd into McDonalds rather than New Yorkerswhether or not merited by reality. into McGorkys. All I can say in my defence is that is certainly not Some commentators believe that we Americanshow I think of myself. (Nor, judging from my mail, do are our own worst critics. In fact, our mania forall members of MUFON.) I hope I am capable of giving introspection is much more political and ethical than ita more or less objective assessment of the present is, say, psychological or metaphysical. Given ourstate of American ufolo1-,ry, warts, roses and all. I also industrial and technological background (itself a pro­understand that what follows is only one persons duct as much of circumstance as character) it was onlyopinion. Another ufologist might see the current logical that we would see ourselves in the UFOsituation in a different colour or light altogether and phenomenon.certainly they are welcome to their opinion. Somewhere out there, there must surely be So, what is the nature of the beast, then, as I techno-democrats just like ourselves, in search of newperceive it? Frankly, fairly encouraging, though not frontiers and horizons, willing to go where no man haswithout its moments of low humour and open rancour. gone before. Such was the only logical assumptionBefore we enter into specifics, however, it might that could be made about these mysterious little greenprove fruitful to look first at our background. men in their ma1-,rnificent flying machines. It was just That America should be the haven (if not the last not in our make-up to think otherwise. As Americasbastion) of the so-called Extra-terrestrial Hypothesis taste for fast food suffused the world market place, so(ETI D. should not come as a surprise, either, given did perhaps premature adoption of the ETH suffuseour nature and circumstances. Although Americans ufolo1-,ry, again, for better or worse.are ar1-,TUably no more a technological culture or society On the other hand, as with any empire, rebellionthan, say, the Germans or the japanese, we have was bound to set in, and this is exactly what we seealways prided ourselves that we were. For example, it happening today. That these mini-revolutions have 10
    • ·l li ll l llllllll• • · LAST BASTION OF ETHadopted their own individualistic and local style was The mother ship in Close Encounters o f the Third Kind whichinevitable. Of course the failure of the ETH to prove compounded technological Americas extra-terrestrial view ofitself contributed to the situation, too. Still, the revolts the subj ect.have fallen back on their own culture and circumstancein a sort of intellectual nationalism, or chauvinism. tion of its own peculiar tin1e and place. Like itsThus we have several separate schools of which contemporaries, it is riddled with holes and factions.faerie folklore, tribal culture, psychological and mys­ There is an exaggerated tendency to choosetical are all examples. sides, based on belief and feeling about a specific However, none of these schools has come any case, or personal loyalty to the principles involved,closer to ultimately resolving the central issue - the rather than a dispassionate examination of the evi­unknown nature of the UFO phenomenon. Nor do I dence itself. This was most recently exemplified bymean to suggest that these generalized separate the spectacular and apparently on-going Gulf Breezeapproaches are in any way monolithic, or that there Case in Florida (see page 67), which saw - if not oldare not schisms. But the point is that American friends - at least old acquaintances, suddenly at oneufology, first and foremost, is a product or manifesta- anothers throats over its validity. 11
    • i . I �lll [ Ullu�·· . I N O RTH A M E R I CA Interestingly, the argument could be made thateach country and people get not only the ufologiststhey deserve, but seemingly specialized outbreaks ofthe phenomenon itself, as well. In the US, of late, thatinvolves apparently physical and photographed objectsseen by large numbers of witnesses, as in GulfBreeze, accompanied by a strong undercurrent ofabductions and a whiff of mutilated animals. InEngland, the strange Wessex crop circles (see page121) beneath the great Chalk Horse have yet to be putin their proper context, and the same can be said ofthe French humanoids of an earlier day, and now, theSoviet invasion and Brazilian accounts of flyingrefrigerators and death-dealing ray beams. Whetherthese specialized outbreaks can best be thought of as acase of the seeker blind to anything but the sought, oralternatively as a sort of perverse prank on the part ofthe phenomenon itself remains to be answered. Our native proclivity for picking teams has sur­faced in the one area of ufology where one wouldnaturally assume it might least rear its ugly head: inthe realm of government and military intelligencedocumentation. The present controversy centresaround an alleged presidential briefing paper whichdescribes the existence of Majestic 12, or Mj-12, anultra-secret special studies group reportedly foundedin the wake of the Roswell Incident (see page 18).Those awaiting definite confirmation ofMj-12 may fmdthemselves condemned to a permanent UFO purga­tory. Meanwhile, the waters have been renderedeven more murky by the recent revelation (orconfession, depending on your point of view), made bya major Mj-12 player, of having actively participated ina military intelligence disinformation and surveillancecampaign directed against certain individuals and UFO The space shuttle, a symbol of North Americas technologicalorganizations. achievement which features so strongly i n the consciousness of In the wake of Whitley Striebers bestselling its people that the Extra-terrestrial Theory predominates.Communion and Transformation, in both of which hedescribes his own abduction, it seemed for a time as if At the moment, TREAT seems to have the bestthe abduction scenario might swamp the stage en­ chance of bridging the immense gap between ufologytirely. Such apprehensions have proven largely un­ and establishment science, if by the latter we includefounded, although several competing camps have been professional psychotherapists and other mental healthset up as a consequence of personality and philo­ practitioners. A working arrangement with a majorsophical differences. Strieber and associates have east coast university appears imminent, which couldestablished the Communion Foundation, with its own lead in turn to academic respectability, increasedquarterly newsletter, and urged members not to funding, access to a super-computer and other tan­fraternize with other orthodox UFO organizations. gible benefits. MUFON itself is presently engaged inBudd l lopkins and associates have responded with the an ambitious programme to standardize reportingIntruder Foundation. Yet a third group, TREAT (for procedures and computerize its database. The FundTreatment and Research on Experienced Anomalous for UFO Research continues to solicit support in theTrauma) is underway, and a fourth abduction-related field. Subscriptions in the membership groups are up,group is rumoured to be on the horizon. approaching numbers not seen since the mid-fifties. 12
    • • 111111ll lll11n •· LAST BASTI O N OF ETH The number of annual UFO conferences and strates that US ufology is anythmg but moribund, andsymposia is on the rise as well, though the quality of that the spirit of American individualism is alive andthe presentations varies widely. After a lengthy well, if not particularly inclined towards harmony andabsence, there are now two national news-stand co-operation.magazines devoted to the subject, though again the Unfortunately, there is at least one other alarmingcontents of each issue fluctuate dramatically in tenns proclivity that should be addressed, and that is theof reliability. So called tabloid TV programmes regu­ temptation, in this most litigious of societies, to settlelarly feature UFO stories, and of course the taller some issues in a court of law rather than through opentales remain a favourite staple of the supermarket dialo!-,lle and public opinion. These civil actions to datepress. jacques Vallee has returned to the publishing have mostly been lodged against other nationals,fold with Dimensions and Confrontations, studies whose laws allow for financial retribution in the case ofwhich link folklore with UFOs. We have also seen, in libel. Some of us here wait with bated breath and 1 990, the hardback appearance of Ed Conroys well crossed fingers for similar suits to be filed in thisreceived Report on Communion and The Gulf Breeze country. While the prospect of legal action maySiKiztinKS by Ed and Frances W<1lters. An eagerly indicate to some people a coming of age for ufology, itanticipated study by reporter Howard Blum, Out is safe to say it is not the one most American There, w<1s also published towards the end of 1 990. ufologists have in mind as they continue to court publicOther books that impinge on or envelope the UFO opinion and scientific respectability.subject, favour<1bly or critically, are too numerous to Now, where do we stand vis-a-vis our contempor­mention, but balance would hardly be served if we did aries? Despite the difficulties of the science involvednot refer to the revised paperback appe<1rance of UFO (the distance between stars, the unlikelihood of soAbductions: A Dangerous Game, by skeptic Philip many extraterrestrials suddenly showing up on our Klass. Several English titles have also received lin1ited doorstep, etc.), the ETH must remain a viable theory.distribution here, although Timothy Goods Above Top Theories, after all is said and done, are all we have.Secret was picked up by a major American publisher. But if one theory can be convincingly shown to beThe amateur press has been extremely preoccupied better than another, then Americans will be among theas well, and both MUFON and CUFOS, the Center for first to welcome it and applaud. So far this has notUFO Studies, continue to produce monthly and been the case. Arguing that abductions, for journals respectively. journals back in are predominantly psychological in origin. and there­business include The journal of UFO Studies along fore, so is the science of ufology at present is a far crywith Caveat Emptor, a local equivalent on a somewhat from an overall viable theory. In fact, so scarce is ourmore folksy scale than Englands Magonia. No doubt I scratch on the surface. that hard and fast facts arehave left much out in this brief summary, and my difficult to come by that would support any overallapologies to anyone particularly offended. theory, including those of mass psychokinesis, just as in the political arena, ufoiO!-,lY has its own psychotronic control systems, and a number of otherextreme elements. The more vocal of these have hypotheses, half- or full-baked, that have been offeredbegun to raise rumours abroad of a secret diplomatic up over the last half century. 1 also include here thetreaty between our government and the diminutive ultraskeptical, Shakespearean notion that all this has (one is tempted to say, demonic) grays. What is been much ado about nothing.encouraging about the present picture is the unlikeli­ It may behove us all to keep an open mind. behood of any extreme minority, however vocal or patient, and remember that the U in UFO stands foractive, assuming the mainstream mantle. There is a unidentified. That may not be an especially popular orcertain inertia or gravity in human affairs which may American point of view, but neither was the two­well work to our advantage, although in the meantin1e, minute hamburger until we won the war.the rumour mongers are not exactly perfonning a public service in our best interest. In-fighting and factionalism abound. but thisstrikes me as a by-product of human nature and DENNIS STACY is both a ful l-time writer and the editor ofbehaviour as opposed to anything fundamentally MUFON Journal, the house magazine of the Mutual UFO inherent to ufology, American or otherwise. Although Network. His editorship is characterized by impartia l and sheer cantankerousness can be distracting and waste­ wel l-informed commentary so vital i n a country where ful of both precious time and ener!-,l"). it also demon- extreme views and high passions often run free. 13
    • PRE 1 900 Representatives and that people (Tacoma harbour) when they saw who had known him for over thirty six UFOs above them. One of theNAM E AERIAL CATILE RUSTLING years testified in an affidavit that UFOs, described as saucer- orDATE 20APRIL 1 897 they had never heard a word of his doughnut -shaped, jettisoned questioned and do readily believe material, some of which fell on to thePLACE LE ROY, KANSAS his statement to be true and boat injuring one of the companions MAP REF: J 1 7 correct. Furthermore the affidavit and killing his dog.EVENT AERIAL CATILE RUSTLERS was signed by the sheriff, the By the time tllis story had become deputy sheriff, a justice of the known Kenneth Arnold was alreadyOn 20 April 1897, fanner Alexander peace, a postmaster, the registrar associated nationally with the flyingHamilton filed an affidavit stating of deeds, a banker, an attorney, saucer phenomenon. He was drawnthat earlier that week he had and others. into the Maury Island investigationwatched a huge object glide down Hamilton said of the encounter principally due to the intervention offrom the darkness and come to rest Every time I drop to sleep I see Ray Palmer, the editor of Fantasyin a field some 200 yds ( 1 8:-� m) from the cursed thing, all its bright magazine.his home. Together with his son and lights and hideous people. I dont Dahl claimed to have been visitedone of the fam1hands he had know whether they are angels by a man in black, a character ofapproached to within 1 5 ft (46 m) of 0 or devils . . . I dont want any repression soon to appearthe object, which he described as more to do with them. repeatedly in American UFO storiesapproximately the length of an and a feature that would last at leastAmerican football field and made of a decade or more. He apparently 1 940ssomething coloured deep red. It was strongly suggested to Dahl that itlike an enormous cigar in shape and would be in his interests not tobeneath it appeared to be a cabin NAME MAURY ISLAND discuss his sighting.made of glass; within it the farmer DATE 23 JUNE 1947and his companions could see six PLACE MAURY ISLAND, WASHINGTON STATEoccupants which they described as MAP REF: E14the strangest beings ever saw. An enormous wheel, located EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE SECONDbeneath t he craft, began to spin and KINDthe airship rose to an altitude ofsome ] ft (92 m). The fanners 00 The 2 4 June 1 9<17 is regarded as thenoticed that a rope, reaching down birth date of the modem era offrom the craft, was attached to a UFOs when Kenneth Amold had hisheifer which was caught against the flying saucer sighting at Mountbarbs of a fence nearby. As the Rainier in Washington State, liSA.object rose it pulled the calf up with However, on the day prior to thisit and disappeared into the darkness sighting an event was unfolding- thetrailing the unlucky animal behind it. precise meaning and implications ofThe following day what remained of which have been a mystery tothe calf was recovered from a ufologist s ever since.nearby fam1: legs, head and skin. Harbour patrolmen Harold A. SlH >uld Hamiltons credibility be I >ahl and Fred L. Crisman owned acalled into quest ion, it must be boat and on the day in quest ion Dahlpointed out that he had been a and other companions were sailing itmember of the House of in Puget Sound, near Maury Island 14
    • I j! � 111111111111 DATABASE 1940s Kenneth Arnold was concerned NAME KENNETH ARNOLD SIGHTING relieve th< angu1sh of rvl;tiJw·s ofthat professional people should the lost crew and also the financial DATE 24 JUNE 1947investigate the case and suggested in ce ntiv e of a $!i,OOO reward for PLACE MOUNT RAINIER, WASHINGTON STATEcalling the .-tth Air Force Base at discovery of the wreck. MAP REF: E14 I laving completed his days workllamilton Field ;md requested theinvolvement of two intelligence EVENT DISTANT DAYLIGHT SIGHTING- BUT installing fire fightmg eqUipment forofficers: Captain William Davidson THE BIRTH OF FLYING SAUCERS the Central Air Service at Chehalis,and Lieutenant Frank Brown. a small town in W ashingt on State, When Brown and I )avidson In the clear skies of Washington Arnold l ook off at around �oclockanived they were shown an State, lone pilot Kenneth Arnold heading for Yakima. With Mountassortment of the debris from the was peacefully <1dmiring the l<ainier ahead and a l>C-·1 ahoc andUFO, it was laying on the floor of breatht<Jking scenery of the Cascade behind to his left, Arnold wasthe room in which they met. Mountains. He was Jlying a Callair suddenly startled by a flash of light.Davidson and Brown seemed to plane especi<11ly modified for To the left and north of l1ounthave played down their concern and mountain search and rescue and l<ainier he saw what appeared to beeven refused to accept samples of although not formally engaged on a fonnation of nine objects in fl1ght .the material when offered, such a mission, Arnold wasapparently !-,Jjving the impression searching for a cr<1shed C-16 marine Kenneth Arnold in1t1ated the med1athat they thought the witnesses transport plane. He was spurred on coverage phenomenon with his co1n1ng ofwere the victims of a hoax. by both a humanitarian desire to the phrase flying saucers in 1 94 7 .However, at the last minuteCrisman gave them a cartoncontaining the material and theystowed it in their car, subsequentlyapparently placing it on their B-25aircraft which stood by to tly back toHamilton Field, in California. It has been speculated that thematerial was in fact radioactive slagbeing dumped illegally by the AtomicEnergy Commission (AEC) and thatthe man in black was in reality anagent of the AEC detem1ined tosuppress the story before it got outof hand. Whatever the truth, themystery deepened considerablywhen the B-25 containing theintelligence officers and the materialapparently caught fire and crashed.Its two crew members survived butthe two officers died with the plane. A newspaper report shortly afterthe incident suggested that thecrash involved sabotage because theplane m<1y hold Jlying disk secret.The report <1lso suggested thatthere was some evidence the planewas c<1rrying cl<1ssified material. Unfortun<ltely, with two primeplayers lost in the aircr<1ft accidentthe case, for the moment, defies anymore substanti<1l conclusion. 15
    • NO RTH A M E R I CAWhile thinking they must be jet sky with him - equivalent to about objects, the tenn was very quicklyplanes he was also noticing that they 67 ft (19 rn). being used to describe saucerwere moving in a curious way; Within a short time the objects shapes. It must be admitted thatilipp�g up and down tike the bows were gone and Arnold continued his Arnold seems to have jumped on hison the tail of a kite or, to use a search for the plane though he later own bandwagon. By the time hisphrase that was later to make admitted his mind was no longer on story was told in the first edition ofhistory, moving like a saucer would the job. After a cursory search of Fate magazine in the spring of 1948,if you skipped it across the water. the Tieton reservoir he eventually the cover illustration depicting the Given their distance -estimated flew into Yakima at 4 pm. encounter was a hrross distortion ofat 25 miles (40 km) away - Arnold On arriving and desperate to tell the ori.c,rinal story. The objects arewas unable to make out their shapes someone about the sighting, Arnold seen in close proximity to Arnoldsclearly but believed that when they went to see the general manager of plane and they are clearly saucerpassed in front of the snow-covered Central Aircraft, AI Baxter, who in shapes with just a slight modificationMount 1-<llinier he could then see turn called in other pilots to hear the at the rear to pay lip-service totheir outlines distinctly. It is story. Someone suggested that Arnolds boomerang description.questionable to what de�fee Arnold possibly the craft were guided During the next two monthscould accurately have identified the missiles from Moses Lake Base, something very extraordinaryoutlines of the objects if they were Washington. Arnold felt satisfied was happening (or press attentionat the distance he suggested, it may that this must be the case. was creating the impression ofindicate they were far closer to him However, by the time Arnold something happening); some H50than he thought. If that was the case arrived back in Pendleton, Oregon sightings were reported across thethey must have been moving more his story had out -raced him. There United States during that time andslowly, possibly at the speed of was a large group there to listen to earlier sightings were uncovered.terrestrial aircraft. The shapes were him recount his sighting and again For Arnold, his sighting was todisturbing, however; he thought Arnold concluded they were change his life completely and hethey were jet planes but could find probably !,ruided missiles. He did not became an active flying saucerno tails. This description coupled believe they could be manned researcher and a devotee up untilwith his later drawings of the objects because the flipping motions and the his death on 16 january 198-1. Heshow that he believed he was speeds would - he believed - be had many further sightings duringlooking at boomerang shaped craft. impossible for the human frame to his life and they seemed to have Arnold did as much as possible to withstand. Arnold also reported his convinced him of an extraordinaryanalyze the observation including sighting to the local FBI officials on interpretation of the UFOopening his window to get a clear the basis that they could be some phenomenon: that the objects areview. The objects were flying sort of 1-<ussian weapon. masses of living organisms that livedirectly across his field of vision Widespread news coverage in our ween Mount 1-<ainier and Mount ridiculously distorted the encounter. The objects were neverAdams. Using these peaks as As Arnold put it After three days of identified. Today the sighting wouldreference points Arnold estimated this hubbub l came to the conclusion be low priority because there was nothe objects were moving bet ween that I was the only sane one in the corroborative witness, the sighting1, :wo-1, 700 miles (2, 092-2, 7:�6 km) bunch. One of those distortions was was of short duration, indefiniteper hour, far faster than any plane of to make sociological history; picking distance and dubious clarity.the day could have achieved. Of all up on Arnolds phrase that the Nevertheless, the mediaof his estimates which have been objects were moving like a saucer attention which was generated fromcalled into question the most difficult would if you skipped it across the those few minutes over Washingtonto determine with accuracy was the water, the expression flying State gave birth to the U FOdistance from the aircr<1ft to the saucer was born and it was the birth phcnomeno.n.objects and the length of their of a catch phrase that has attractedformation, which he estimated at media attention ever since. Although Artistic licence was heavily employed in5 miles (� km). He estimated the Arnold described basically this magazine jacket illustration whichindividual size of the objects at boomerang shapes and his usc of the depicts Arnolds sighting . The UFOsapproximately two-thirds that of the word saucer was to describe the apparently moved like a saucer would ifI >C-tl aircraft which was sharing the erratic up and down motion of the you skipped It across the water. 16
    • N O RT H A M E R ICANAM E THE ROSWELL INCIDENT The following morning, 75 miles from the ranch. It must be stressed (127 km) in that general direction, that contrary to some rumours thereDATE 2 JULY 1 947 ranch manager William Brazel and was no disc recovery at this point -PLACE ROSWELL, NEW MEXICO his son and daughter discovered Marcel confirms that small pieces of MAP REF: H18 scattered wreckage on their farm debris were put into the boot of a carEVENT CRASH RETRIEVAL and alerted the local sheriffs office - and there were no alien bodies of Chaves County. Sheriff Wilcox of recovered. The debris was returnedThe most intriguing of all crash Chaves County contacted Roswell to the Roswell Anny Air Base and,retrieval stories, and the only one Anny Air Base and Major jesse A. on the orders of Colonel Blanchard,definitely supported by physical Marcel. was flown on to Wright Pattersonevidence, is the Roswell incident of To say that the government took Air Force Base in Ohio. Althoughjuly 1947, which occurred just a few the report seriously would be an apparently detailed to accompanydays after the Kenneth Arnold understatement; Brazel was the debris, Marcel was diverted bysighting (sec page 15). incarcerated for a period of several his superiors at Fort Worth and did In the early evening of 2 july a days and encouraged not to discuss not go to Wright Patterson.disc shaped UFO was seen flying the event on grounds of national What was recovered has beenover Roswell, New Mexico and security. Meanwhile Major Marcel the source of considerableheading towards the north-west. and his team collected the debris speculation: that the material was aAsovl General Roger Ramey and Colonel AsovE RIGHT The Roswell Daily Record of 8Thomas Jefferson D uBose display the July 1 947 announcing the capture of theremains of a weather bal loon, al legedly flying sauce r . RIGHT A model a rtiststhe matenal recovered by Major Jesse recon struction showing the retrievedM a rce l . M a rcel said, It was definitely not saucer and what may have later takena weather or tracking device . . . · place at Wright Patterson Ai rbase. 18
    • ·IIillilllllllll•·thin, foil like meta l that could not heden ted even by forceful blows, thatit was a light, balsa-wood su bsta ncewhich would not bum even under adirect name, and that there werestrange hieroglyphs on the debris. The Roswell incident has been further complicated by apparentlyconnicting infonnation, some of one of the local ranchers and of the communication immed iately. which may have been issued by the Sheriffs office at Chaves County. A reconciliation of thegovernment. If so, it was probably Another report by radio station contradictions in this ca se has been to divert attention from what was KSWS in Roswell which was being offered by the claims of witness really going on. In particular, a press put on to the ABC wire service was G. L. Barnett who stated to friends release was issued by Roswell Anny apparently interrupted by an that he had seen another crash siteAir Base on 8 july which stated incoming teletype message ordering near Socorro, New M exico where aRoswell Anny Air Field was the station with these words Do damaged but complete saucer wasfortunate enough to gain possession not transmit. Repeat. Do not discovered along with dead alienof a disc through the co-operation of transmit this message. Stop bodies. The speculation is that the 19
    • N O RTH A M E R ICAmachine exploded over Brazels NAM E CAPTAIN THOMAS MANTELLfarrn dropping debris but continued DATE 7 JANUARY 1 948in the air to Socorro before finally PLACE GODMAN FIELD, KENTUCKYbeing downed. It is suggested thatthe government may have issued MAP REF: M 1 7the statement about the retrieved EVENT UFOLOGYS FIRST MARTYRsaucer at Brazels farn1 in order todivert attention from the recovery In the early aftemoon of 7 januarygoing on nearby. This seems to be a 1918 the control tower crew atdiversion fraught with risks though, Godman Field, Kentucky reported aif true, it does seem to have sighting of a bright disc-shapedworked. object to their base operations There is no question that debris officer. Approximately one hour andwas recovered from Brazels ranch. twenty minutes after the sighting,In order to explain the situation to an when the object was still visible,eager public Brigadier General four National Guard P-5 1 MustangRamey, commander of the 8th Air training craft led by Captain ThomasForce district at Fort Worth Mantell were diverted from theirtogether with his adjutant displayed flight to investigate the sighting.the recovered debris for the press. The aircraft climbed toward theThe wreckage shown was clearly object. At 1 5, 000 ft (1 , 572 m) thethat of a Rawin weather balloon other planes turned back as they didwhich it was claimed was the cause not have the equipment required toof the event. supply oxygen which would enable Almost certainly this was a them to fly higher. They at tempteddevice to cover up the truth and the to contact Mantell by radio. Mantellreal wreckage was by this time on made one transmission at 1 5, 000 ftits way to Wright Patterson Air ( 1 , 572 m) saying he had the objectForce Base. in sight and was still climbing to A proper analysis of the Roswell investigate. The plane crashed,incident must take account of the scattering wreckage for over a mile.circumstances surrounding the Mantell was dead; this young manimmediate area and time of the was ufoloKys first martyr.incident. New Mexico in 1918 was Analysis of the wreckagethe site of the White Sands Proving indicates that Mantell did notGrounds, where German scientists attempt to bale out of the plane andbrought over during the war were sugge st s that the plane broke up inability to close-in on the target.hriving birth to the American space from diving at excessive speed, Mantells experience should haveprogramme, and Los Alamos was presumably out of control. It is taught him to react better and it isthe site of the recently developed suggested that Mantell blacked out speculated that he may haveatomic bomb. The possibility that from oxygen deprivation as he flew overreacted to the UFO sighting asthe government wa s trying to above the planes capability to a result of six months of media hypesecretly recover a damaged device supply oxygen. The question is, following the Amold sighting of theof its own must on this account alone what was it that drove Mantell previous high on the list of explanations for higher and higher? One theory is Mysterious rumours aboundl<oswell. that it was a Skyhook weather concerning this case; that Mantell If the l<oswell incident proved balloon; one binocular observation described the object as metallic . . .nothing else, it indicated that the described the UFO as parachute-like tremendous in size, that his bodygovernment was prepared to cover with bright sun reflecting from the was not in the plane when theup somflh in}f, and prepared to use top. Another theory is that Mantell wreckage was recovered, and thatthe newly born flying saucer was chasing the bright image of a his funeral was closed casketphenomenon to do it with. planet which would account for his because of extraordinary wounds on 20
    • �d, l l l i I DATABASE 1 940shis body. None of these claims can AsovE An artist s impression of Mantel l sbe regarded as definitively P - 5 1 Mustang training plane c l 1mbingsubstantiated and it is certainly the towards the U FO high over Godman Fieldusual procedure for plane crash 1n Kentuc ky Other planes in the fl1ghtvictims to be buried closed casket tu rned back at a lower altitude but Mantelldue to their injuries. pressed on . Mi nutes later he was dead. Whether M antell was a victim of Spec ulation with regard to what he washis own excitement , or whether he c hasing contin ues to th1s day Was it awas struck down by an alien force weather balloo n . a sta r . the planet Venus.resisting his pursuit of their saucer or a c raft from another world?can now never be proven. H owever.the light Mantell chased was. by anysensible definition, a U FO andtherefore we can rightly regardMantells deat h as the firstattributed to a UFO encounter. RIGHT Captain Thomas Mantell 21
    • r 1 1 1 1 11 1 1 : lU I • · NORTH A M E R I CANAM E AZT E C diamond drills could affect the fingers. Dissection revealed that surface; there were no rivets or there was no blood but instead aDATE 2 5 MARCH 1 948 signs of welding. Fortunately, liquid smelling similar to ozone.PLACE AZTEC, NEW MEXICO damage to one of the saucers Curiously, and apparently MAP REF: H1 7 contradictorily, the bodies had no portholes enabled the investigatorsEVENT CRASH RETRIEVAL to break in and open its hatchway. digestive tract but perfect teeth. After successfully dismantling the Whether or not Scully was theAccording to the newspaper object, its components and the victim of a hoax, Aztec remains justcolumnist Frank Scully in his book cadavers were then transported to one of many similar crash retrievalsBehind the Flying Saucers a most what is now Wright Patterson Air reported in the United States overextraordinary discovery was made Force Base. Further investigation of the the United States Air Force in the object apparently revealed still1948. According to the story he was working control panels displayingtold by his informants a flying saucer hieroglyphic symbols and a book of NAME CHILES!WHITIEDhad crashed near Aztec, New hieroglyphs on plastic like paper. DATE 24 JULY 1 948Mexico and was recovered by the The cadavers were described as PLACE MONTGOMERY, GEORGIAUnited States military. Inside the approximately 3 ft 6 in ( 107 em) high MAP REF: M 1 8craft were sixteen dead humanoid with large heads, large slanting eyesalien cadavers. The disc had been and diminished nose, mouth and EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE FIRSTdetected by radar units and indeed it ears. The bodies were apparently KINDis thought that radar signals may very thin with long arms and webbedhave disrupted the crafts controls, just after the formation of the USbringing it down accidentally. A model make rs reconstruction of the Air Forces Project Sign, one of its The disc was 100 ft (30 m) wide Aztec crash retrieval . A more exciting many attempts to investigate UFOs,and had a central cabin around 6 ft incident than Roswell (see page 1 8) but it received the report of two Eastern( 1 83 em) high. It was made of a light less autho ritatively substantiated . M any Airline pilots, Captain C. Chiles andmetal so strong that neither heat nor believe this one to be a hoax . First Officer john Whitted. 22
    • • I l l 1 111 11 1111 11 • DATABASE 1 940s In the early hours of the morning Cub nearby, which he confirmed reason. I am also ccrtam that it wasthey were flying an Eastern Airlines visu(JIIy. At the same time he S(JW governed by the laws of inertia,DC-3 ncar Montgomery when both another craft moving very rapidly because its acceleration was rapid,pilots witnessed a U FO heading under his right wing. He contacted not immedi(Jte and although it wastowards them at terrific speed. So the tower for further identification able to tum fairly tightly, atclose was the encounter that the but they confim1ed no aircraft near considerable speed, it still followed aDC-3 had to veer sharply to the left him, other than the Piper C ub. natural curve. and the UFO passed by only 700 ft Closing in, Gom1an S(JW that the A most remarkable balloon!(213 m) from the plane. The UFOs object displayed (] light some 8 in (20deceleration was so violent that it em) in diameter. I t was globular androcked the DC-]. hazing at the edge. Gom1an watched NAME WHITE SANDS The pilots were close enough to the object move into (] sudden tum DATE 24 APRIL 1949it to take some note of the object passing over the control tower; PLACE WHITE SANDS PROVING GROUNDS,itself; it appeared to radiate an Gorm(Jn dived towards the object NEW MEXICOintense blue light and the pilots saw but could not catch up with it. As it MAP REF: H18a double row of windows along the started gaining altitude it banked leftside. As it disappeared behind the and Gom1an attempted to follow. At EVENT DISTANT DAYLIGHT SIGHTINGplane they saw a red-orange this point they were 7, 000 ftexhaust. They estimated its (2, 130 m) high, the object made a On a clear Sunday morning ncar thespeed at between 500-700 miles sharp tum again and was heading White Sands Proving Grounds,(805- 1 , 1 27 km) per hour. straight for Gormans aircraft. The Naval Commander R. McLaughlan There was corroboration of the effect was so startling that Gorman and a tracking crew of four launchedsighting from witnesses at Robbins was forced to make a dramatic dive a large weather balloon. ThisField, Georgia who described an and the light passed over the canopy followed an earlier launch of a smallobject tallying very closely with the some 500 ft ( 1 52 m) above him. As similar balloon at 1 0. 30 a. m.description given by the pilots. the UFO circled above, Gorman They were tracking their target gave chase again. One account at approximately 10, 000 ft (3, 0·18 m) suggests that the manoeuvring was when one of the team, CharlesNAME FARGO so intense that Gom1an blacked out Moore, spotted a white egg-shaped temporarily. object; he pointed it out and theDATE 1 OCTOBER 1948 Air traffic control was now UFO was confirmed visually by allPLACE FARGO, NORTH DAKOTA visually confirming Gormans the personnel. For about one minute MAP REF: J15 sighting, traffic controller Errol they tracked the object until theyEVENT AERIAL DOG FIGHT Jensen announced You were right. saw it shoot up and vanish. There is something. He was If their interpretation of the dataCaptain Edward A. Ruppelts official examining the object through high­ was correct, it follows that when131ue Book explanation of the Fargo powered binoculars and he passed they had first started tracking theencounter was In this incident the these to witness Manuel Johnson, object it had been 56 miles (90 k m )U FO was a balloon. Considering the who confirmed the sighting. high and travelling at 7 miles ( 1 1 km)facts of the case below it is difficult As the object closed in again it per second, the escape ,·elocityto decide whether this conclusion suddenly shot upwards, Gorman needed to break out of the Earthsrepresents great imagination on the chased it to 14, 000 ft (4, 260 m) and gravitational pull. During one part ofpart of the US Air Force or an his plane then went into a power the observation the craft had madeastonishing lack of it. stall, its engine dead. The object an 80 degree turn at that velocity, It was approximately 9 oclock in disappeared towards the north­ quite beyond the capabilities of c·enthe evening of 1 October 1 948 when west-north direction. The combat todays technolohY·Second Lieutenant George Gom1an had lasted nearly thirty minutes. Interestingly. the object wasof the North Dakota Air National Gorman reported I am convinced simil<lr in shape and colour to theGuard was piloting an F-51 towards there was thought behind these object which landed at Socono. :ewFargo, North Dakota. As he was manoeuvres. I had the distinct llexico on 24 April l96·1 (see pagebeing !-, >iven instructions to land he impression that its manoeuvres ·16). fifteen years to the daywas infom1ed that there was a Piper were controlled by thought or following this sighting. 23
    • N O RTH AM E R I CANAM E THE TRENT PHOTOGRAPHS A local newspaper pi ck e d up the One of two photog raphs taken by M rs PaulDATE 1 1 MAY 1950 story and published the Trent on 1 1 M ay 1 950 over the Trent farm photo,graphs, which were later at McMi nnvi l l e , O re go n .PLACE McMINNVILLE, OREGON featured in LIFE magazine, causing MAP REF: E14 something of a national sensation. At in diameter, and evidently artificial,EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE FIRST the time they were some of the best flew within sight of two witnesses. KIND flying saucer photographs available. In the four decades since the William Hartmann, investigating for photo,1.., rraphs were taken there haveIn th e early evening of 1 1 M ay 1 950, t h e Condon committee, been many more sophisticatedon a small farm near McM innville, acknowledged that t he se analysis techniques employed toM rs Trent was out side feeding her photo,graphs were the only ones study the photographs such as edgera bbit s when she s aw the cl os e that the committee had not enhancement (which would showa pproa c h of a large disc-shaped dismissed ( the Condon committee any cut-outs photographed throughobject . She called to her husband, was notmious for its unscientific, glass, or expose any supportingPaul Trent, who brough t with him dismissive attitude t oward s th e wires or struts for example) andt heir camera, and M rs Trent was UFO p he n omen on ). He stated that colour-contouring. None have yetable to take t wo black and white the photo,1.., rraphs were consistent suggested that the photographsphotoJ..,rr; 1phs as the object passed with the witnesss testimony that an were faked, and the indicationsacross the sky in the direction of t he extraordinary flying object, silvery, suggest that some large object flewnort h west . m e tal lic , disc shaped, tens of meters over the Trents fam1 that day. 24
    • . · l lllllfll OAT ABASE 1 950s 1 950sNAME THE LUBBOCK LIGHTS they wat ched the remaining object s . A suggestion w a s ma d e t h a t theDATE 28 AUGUST 1 951 NAME DURING THE WASHINGTON FLAP scope may not be functioningPLACE LUBBOCK, TEXAS DATE 1 9 JULY 1952 correctly but the technician MAP REF: 1 1 8 examined it a nd ;1greed that i t was in PLACE WASHINGTON D C.EVENT ANOMALOUS LIGHT PHOTOGRAPHS perfect working order. MAP REF: N16 AI<TC called the control towerWitnessed on many occasions and EVENT RADAR VISUAL ENCOUNTER and a senior officer there confirmedphotographed several times arc the that they were also watching thefamous Lubbock lights which appear It was nearly midnight when staff of same unknowns on their r(ldarfrom lime to time over Lubbock in the Air Route Traffic Control screens and that they had hadTexas. Many explanat ions have (AWIC) at Washington National inform<ltion from Andrews Air Forcebeen offered for the arrow shaped Airport noticed a forn1ation of seven Base that that military installationformation; inevitably, fleets of flying objects on the radar screen, at a was monitoring the objects.saucers have featured prominently. position slightly south-cast of Throughout the time of theI Iowevcr, other suggestions have Andrews Air Force Base. The observ<ltions the object s were notincluded lights rcllccting on the objects seemed to be moving at only manoeuvring <lt incredibleunderbellies of ducks, and a natural approximately 1 00- UO miles speed above Washin.L, ton D. C. but rlight phenomenon not yet ( 1 60-209 km) per hour and were they h<ld the temerit y to fly into theunderstood by science, but perhaps therefore a ssumed to be a flight of no go (}rea above the White l lousc.a cousin of the Au rora Horealis (sec ordinary small aircraft. Perhaps they were considering thatpage 42), or St Elmos fire. Suddenly t wo of the objects much requested landing on the The lights have become accelerated forward and off the White House lawn. something of a tourist attraction. As screen at an amazing rate, later They were not alone in the American put it, Lubbock used calculation indicated in excess of Captain S. Casey Piem1an of only to have the Lights and Buddy 7, 000 miles ( 1 1 , 265 km) per hour, Capital Airlines was flying Flight �07 Holly (who was born there) - now and at this point the radar monitor from Washin.L, ton to Detroit a nd r theyve only got the Lights. knew that he was not witnessing sighted the seven objects between nom1al aircraft movements. Washin}...rton and Martinsburg. HeA photograph taken by an unnamed I Ic called for his senior officer reported the objects (}S like fallingteenage student over Lubbock . Texas. and together with two other experts shooting st<lrs without tail s. 25
    • • 1 1 1 111 ll lll l1n •· N O RTH AMERICA At around 9 oclock in the evening the scout-master and three scouts were travelling by car from a meeting towards their homes when they saw lights in the nearby woods. Desvergers, carrying a machete knife and a torch, left the three boys in the car and went to investigate. One of the scouts apparently saw a red ball of fire above where Desvergers had last been seen; when Desvergers failed to return, one of the scouts ran to the nearest house and telephoned the sheriff. It was as the sheriff arrived that Desvergers made his reappearance. He was badly frightened, totally exhausted and describing a very close encounter indeed. He statedGeo rge J Stock p hotographed this , which sphere hovering directly above that when he had reached a clearingwas one of seven U FOs h e saw over them. ARTC called for Air Force he had pointed his torch upward andPassaic, N ew Jersey on 29 J u ly 1 952 . The interceptors which arrived too late; had seen a huge, metallic, disc­sighting came during an i ntense wave of the objects had gone. shaped machine hovering abovereports i n the vicinity of Washi ngton DC Senior Air Traffic Controller him, which had immediately fired(the Washington Flap) and is typical of Harry G. Barnes at the ARTC made some sort of hot spray at him. Hemany descri ptions of the time. the observation that it seemed as had lain injured for a few minutes though the UFOs were monitoring during which time the saucer Pierman observed the objects for radio communication between disappeared.some twelve minutes before they ground and aircraft and were able to There certainly seems to bedisappeared at remarkable speed take appropriate action based on some corroboration for the story:and confirmed much of the detail of what they could hear. Desvergers arm was scorched, histhe radar reports. He said of the hat was burned, and the Sheriffincident In all my years of flying discovered scorching in the trees.Ive seen a lot of falling or shooting NAME DESVERGERS ENCOUNTERstars . . . but these were much DATE 1 9 AUGUST 1952faster than anything like that I ve PLACE WEST PALM BEACH, FLORIDAever seen. They couldnt have MAP REF: N 1 9been aircraft . . . they weremoving too fast for that. EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE SECOND Piennans confirmation of the KINDradar sightings is all the moreimpressive for his impartiality. He Evidence of possible hostility on thestated Please remember I didnt part of UFOs comes from the claimsspeak of them as flying saucers . . . of scout-master D. Desvergers andonly very fast moving lights. his experience on 19 August 1952. In the pre-dawn light further Most s ignificant is the reaction ofconfirmation was approaching. A the Air Force. Instead of ordering anew blip had appeared on the ARTC routine check by a local intelligenceradar screen above Andrews Air officer from Miami, they instructedForce Base and tower personnel Captain Ruppelt, the head of its Captain Edward J R u p pelt, head of Projectthere. when notified, visually U F O investigation Project Blue Blue Boo k , the US Air Force sobserved a large globular orange Book. to investigate personally. i nvestigation i nto the U FO phenomeno n . 26
    • 1 1 1 i i l l llllln•· DATABASE 1950s PHOTOG RAPHIC EVI DENCEFor most people. photographic evidence is perhaps the most analysis can expose these photographs as such. In one suchconvincing of all material used to substantiate a sighting . In case BUFORA received a photograph showing a disc in the skyfact. photographs can easily mislead and confuse rather than which had not been noticed at the time the photograph wasclarify a case. Very few credible cases are supported by taken. The witness was convinced of the extra-terrestrial origmphotographs, and many photographs that do exist are vague of the craft shown but close study of the negative revealed it toand give very little information about the origin of a UFO be a lens flare.phenomenon. No photograph, however thought-provoking, has Occasional ly, photographs last a long time before beingyet been able to prove satisfactorily that UFOs are extra­ exposed in this way T he photograph below was taken on 1 6terrestrial spaceships. July 1 952 a t Salem, Massachusetts during a wave of sightings Nevertheless. photographs are of use in support of witness It was case number 1 501 in the US Air Forces Project Bluetesti mony. If the image in the photographs is consistent with Book. The photog raph seems to show l ights in the air over thethe story l ine given by the witness, then the case gains strength Coast Guard Fac i l ity. In fact. the photograph was taken throughfrom the added weight of evidence. If the photographs tell a a glass window, and modern analysis suggests that the imagesdifferent story, then almost certainly the case is a hoax. Many are reflected l ights from somewhere inside the bu i l d ing, whichphotog raphs indicate the presence of U FOs but subsequent quite possibly went unnoticed by the photog rapher at the timeanalysis proves otherwise. Often, people wi l l snap pictures on who wou ld have been concentrating on the dimm ing andholiday only to find, when examining the developed prints, that brightening of the l ights as he l ined up to take the photograph.disc-shaped objects appear in the sky. Sometimes these are Of course when s trange l ights appear in the sky over a Coastestabl ished to be lens flares (which can have remarkable Guard facility one can understand to some extent how asymmetry and apparent sol idity) or tricks of the light. Modern photographer might leap to false conclusions. 27
    • N O RTH A M E R ICANAME GEORGE ADAMSKI miles (16 km) from Desert Centre,DATE 20 NOVEMBER 1 952 towards Arizona. To a limited extent the encounterPLACE GEORGE ADAMSKI, DESERT CENTRE, was witnessed by two families, the CALIFORNIA Williamsons and the Baileys who had MAP REF: E 1 8 asked to be with him when he nextEVENT T H E FIRST CONTACT BETWEEN MAN believed he would see a flying AND EXTRATERRESTRIAL saucer. They reported that from a distance of approximately a mileIn 1 953 62-year-old George away they saw some details of theAdamski published a book Flying meeting.Saucers Have Landed which claimed Adamski was watching andthat he had met with photographing a flying saucer someextraterrestrials in the desert in 3� ft ( 1 1 m) wide when he noticed aCalifornia. Although there had been man beckoning towards him. Theflying saucer sightings for many man was approximately 5 ft 6 inyears (and indeed Adamski revealed ( 167 em), of average weight andthat he himself had been sighting appeared youthful. He had perfectsaucers since 1 946), this was the white teeth, calm green eyes, longfirst claim of contact between man flowing blond hair and tanned skin.and alien. It apparently occurred just He was wearing a one-piece brownafter noon on Thursday, 20 ski-type suit and oxblood colouredNovember 1952 approximately 10 shoes resembling sandals. 28
    • I I DATABASE 1 950s The two used sign language and Q pposm AflovE Flying saucertelepathy to communicate and the photographed by contactee Georgealien indicated he was Venusian. I n Adamski at 9 . 1 0 am on 13 D ecemberthe days when Adamski published 1 952 at Palomar Gardens in Califo rn i a .his b oo k it was he l d that Venus was Adamski took t h e p 1cture through athe sister planet of the Earth and 6 in ( 1 5 em) telescope . OPPOSITElikely to produce a n identical race o f Bnow Photographed by George Adamskipeople. Subsequent analysis o f the on 5 March 1 95 1 , the picture apparentlyplanet indicates that that could not shows a cigar shaped mother craftbe further from the truth and no releasing small scout ship s . R IGHT Thehumanoid could comfortably live on cover of Adamsk i s book , written withthe planet. The alien apparently British author Desmond Lesl i e , which toldbelieved in God, felt that he and his the extraordinary tale of Adamski speople followed a more devoted path meetings with extra-terrestrials. His werethan us and was concerned about the fi rst clai ms of this sort and led to aatomic radiation from Earth . plethora of others in subsequent years . The contact was the first of BELow M ount Palomar observatory, themany; during this first meeting dome of the 200 i n (500 em) HaleAdamski handed his alien companion Telescope. Adamski made much of hisa film from his camera and at the association with this institution althoughsecond meeting the film was his main connection with theapparently returned, covered in establishment was his job at a localindecipherable hieroglyphs. In hamburger cafe .subsequent adventures Adamskiwas taken on journeys to otherplanets where he met Martians,Saturnians and Jovians. In 1 965 Adamski and MadeleineRodeffer apparently took 8 mmmovie film of the flying saucervisitations in Maryland, USA thoughthe authenticity of that film has beencalled into question. Many of Adamskis photographswere taken in the grounds of theMount Palomar Observatory whereAdamski worked and had a smalltelescope. Over the past forty yearscontroversy has dogged Adamskisclaims and the photographs heproduced but, more importantly,scientific knowledge has maderedundant many of the statementshe made. Adamski himself wasclearly aware of the controversy. InFlying Saucers Have Landed he statesSuriace thinkers might like to concludethat J had had a very original dream.Or that I may be out to make moneyfor myself in the field of sciencefiction. I can assure such persons thatnothing is farther from the truth . 29
    • N O RTH A M ER I CANAME GULF OF MEXICO Harter needed no confirmation of story remained quite firn1.DATE 6 DECEMBER 1 952 that; he was watching the objects Major Donald E. Keyhoe, a approaching incredibly fast outside prominent ufologist with a militaryPLACE GULF OF MEXICO the windscreen. Bailey watched out background, interpreted the sighting MAP REF: K19 of the starboard side of the plane as as: The discs had been launchedEVENT RADARNISUAL ENCOUNTER one of the objects, illuminated blue­ from a huge mothership for some white, streaked rapidly past the type of reconnaissance mission . . .In the early hours of the morning of plane, vanishing to the rear. Almost for a rendez-vous, whoever guided6 December, Captain john Harter immediately other UFOs were the discs had chosen this point overand radar officer, Lieutenant Sid appearing on the radar screen and all the Gulf of Mexico. After the B-29Coleman were returning to base heading towards the aircraft! was sighted one group of discs hadfollowing a night practice flight of Fortunately for the aircrew the been diverted for a brief observationtheir B-29 bomber. UFOs were on a course which just or tracking. Then, flying at 5, 000 They were approximately missed the aircraft and after six miles (8, 04 7 km) per hour they had200 miles (322 km) from Galveston, minutes from the time of the first been taken aboard the mothership. 100 miles ( 1 60 km) south of the sighting it appeared that the danger Whether this interpretation isLouisiana coast at 1 8, 000 ft was over. It was not! correct or not is open to debate and(5, 186 m) in bright moonlight when A third group of UFOs flashed the visual sightings were unable toColeman noticed an unidentified blip onto the radar screen, radar confirm a distinct shape to theon one edge of the radar screen. It tracking indicated speeds much the objects because they were movingwas not until the second sweep of same as before. Again blue-white so fast. However, the fact is thatthe screen that its significance illuminated objects streaked past the several members of a highly trainedbecame apparent. plane. For Captain Harter the crew all witnessed the same When the blip reappeared the dangers were all too real as he was encounter. Added to this it wasunknown object had moved 13 miles watching the objects cutting across tracked not only visually but on(21 km). By the third sweep the planes flight path and - suddenly radar, strongly suggesting the proofColeman and his staff sergeant had swerving - they were now heading of some reality, whatever its exactcomputed the speed of the object: straight for the B-29! nature or source.over 5, 000 miles (8, 04 7 km) per Suddenly, and almosthour, considerably faster than any unbelievably, the objects slowed toaircraft of the day! the speed of the aircraft and paced it NAME TUJUNGA CANYON Coleman reported the trace to for some ten seconds. As the crew DATE 1 953the captain, and indicated the speed watched, the objects pulled away PLACE TUJUNGA CANYON, CALIFORNIAof the object; Captain Harter and then the most amazing part ofinsisted that the set should be the sighting occurred. MAP REF: E1 7recalibrated as it was impossible. An enormous UFO apparently EVENT ABDUCTIONWhile Coleman was recalibrating the joined the formation and, stillset Master Sergeant Railey noticed moving at some 5, 000 miles The Tujunga Canyon abduction was,another object on the screen. At (8, 047 km) per hour, it appeared by todays standards, a ratherthat point the navigator, Lieutenant that the smaller craft docked or undetailed and unremarkable event.Cassidy, reported that he had them merged with the larger object. However, it contains certain aspectson his screen as well. Accelerating to 9, 000 miles which make it worthy of note. Within a short space of time there (14, 484 km) per hour the UFO The case predates Antonio Villaswere four UFOs on the screen and flashed across the scope and Boas (see page 1 8 1 ) and Betty andthe captain radioed from the flight disappeared. The encounter was Barney Hill (see page 42) by somedeck Ive got four unknowns at finally over. years and consequently becomes12 oclock. What do you show? Captain Harter contacted his one of the first reported abductions.(12 oclock is the code for dead base and when he landed United A word of caution: the report firstahead). Coleman reported that the States Air Force intelligence officers arose considerably after the givenobjects were shmving up on all three met him and the crew. For some date, not in fact until 1975 whenof the planes rad;1r screens and it time they were questioned abduction lore was rife in America.was therefore not ;, 11alfunction. separately and as a group but their Note, too, that the case contains, at 32
    • DATABASE 1 950s H G WE LLSS WAR OF THE WORLDS C O M E S TO A M E R I CA In 1 897, when H G Wellss War of tile Worlds was published, man had not yet even learned to harness the power of f l ight. In h i s original story the Martians reached Earth in bul let- l i ke projecti les fi red as i l from a gun and proceeded to terrorize the Home Counties in England from within walking machi nes. In 1 953. George Pal s film moved the location to California and updated the wal king mach i nes to flying saucers. I t was a clear reaction to the flying saucer phenomenon. Pal said. With all the talk about flying saucers. War of the Worlds had become especially timely. And thai was one of the reasons we updated the story . Just as films mirror UFO reports, conversely, detai led analysis shows that some aspects of U FOs fol low f i l m and other myt hologies; the interaction is a complex one which requires serious research. Genuine reports of al iens often act l i ke their f i l med predecessors. yet lhe films were made before alien reports were offered. Simple copy-cat claims do not explain I he complexity of the interaction. wh ich suggests t hat a genu i ne experience is being overlaid on a basic belief syslem which can manifest ilsell i n fact or fiction.least as reported, the most explicit possibility as the road towards their suffered a two hour, twenty minutesexample of missing time in any cabin was rough and would have time lapse and this caused them toabduction case. caused bouncing motion. Jan was panic so considerably that they left According to the report the two now awake and went to get her their home and went to Jans parents.witnesses, known a s Sara Shaw and dressing-gown, Sara noticed it was Regression hypnosis revealed aJan Whitely, both in their early 2 a. m. on the clock. classic abduction story, seeral oftwenties, were living in a remote As apparently only a fraction of a which we shall sec later in thispart of the Tujunga Canyon in second passed she looked at the database. The ca se has also comeCalifornia. Sara was woken by a clock again feeling giddy and under considerable scrutiny frommoving light out of her bedroom confused and noticed that the minute those who beliee abductionswindow which apparently terrified hand had moved on twenty minutes. constitute a psycholo,t.,ricalher. She feared it might be the When Jan checked the clock she phenomenon as it appears that theheadlights of a motorcycle gang confirmed this observation but two � r ls sexual relationships may riseeking to attack the isola ted pointed out that the hour hand had hae generated anxieties of whichwomen. The smooth movement of also moved on two hours. the abduction may ha·e been athe lights quickly ruled out this Apparently both witnesses had manifestation. 33
    • N O RT H AMERICANAM E LIVERMORE for a moment to watch a DC-6 in sight at the same time, allowing descending towards Oakland him to make certain comparisons.DATE 27 JANUARY 1 953 Municipal Airport. His attention was B y any definition the UFO had morePLACE LIVERMORE, OAKLAND , CALIFORNIA attracted to a white object crossing power and manoeuvrability than the MAP REF: E1 6 the Atomic Energy Commission DC-6 or the jet f1ghter.EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE FIRST facilities and he first thought of this KIND as some sort of plant material in the wind. l ie quickly realized that the NAME DANIEL FRYWhile not dramatic by toclays object was more solid and indeed DATE 1 954standards, the sighting by J ohn Bean swiftly moving. He described it as PLACE WHITE SANDS PROVING GROUNDS,on 27 january 1953 had a perfectly round with a metallic sheen NEW MEXICOconsiderable effect at the t ime, something like aluminium. MAP REF: H 1 8partly because of the location of the Bean concentrated on the objectsighting and partly because of the and its manoeuvring watching its EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRDqualifications of the witness. very abrupt direction changes and KIND Bean had been flying for some the incredible speed of its ascent.seventeen years and was Only days before he had watched According to Daniel Frys testimonyknowledgeable about aircraft two F-�6 lighters manoeuvring to his first meeting withmanoeuvrability. On the aftemoon in the limit of their capabilities and he extraterrestrials took place on 4 julyquestion he was driving away from realized that these lighters were 1950 thus predating many UFOthe Atomic Ener� Commission ry amateurs compared to t he claims and certainly the contacteeResearch facilities and had pulled capabilities of the object he was claims of George Adamski which hadinto t he side of the road to get some watching. been published in 1 953. However,papers from his briefcase. He was A jet aircraft was also as Frys book was published in 1 954about to get out of the drivers door approaching for a landing. Bean was and since there seem to be someto go round to the backseats to therefore particularly fortunate in ,L, ounds for believing it was inspired Tfobt;Jin his briefcase when he stopped having three distinct types of aircraft in some way by George Adamskis 34
    • 111lilll llll1111· DATABASE 1 950sclaims, I have set it into t he unders t ood some of it since he was a first wit nessed Sl Ven l JFO s indatabase at the date of publication t rained space technician. I ndeed, fo rma t ion . l l oward nul lca ted t h e yrather than at the date of claim. t he event had taken place ncar the were moving a t a speed t o pac e t l wDaniel Frys was just one of many White Sands Prov i ng ( ; rounds ai rc raft , i. e. some �:m k no t s . wen·contactcc claims to follow t hose of where Fry was working. some :� miles (:i k m ) away fro mAdamski hut it i s, perhaps a l ong with The visitors were t rying to help them and were below t he cloudAdamskis, one of the best known. you people on earth alter the level. Once they had passed o·er Acc ording to his claims I >r Daniel present Oow of e ven t s and avert a the coast , the douds clea red ;mdFry wi t ne ssed a landing of a U FO on holocaust which is otherwise Captain l l oward saw the l J FOs1 July 1 950. IJe walked up to it and inevi table. F ry was told he had to more clearl y.touched it, feeling t hat it was write a book to communicate the The y pace d the aircraft for somenothing known to man on this Earth. mes sage s to the people of Earth t venty minu tes during vh ich t i m eThe hull a ppa rently felt soap like and which he dutifully did. Captain I I ow a rd. his cre w andsmooth and a voice came out of the several p:1ssengcrs witne ssed andmachine warning him, in a strangely sk etch ed th e o bject s . There wereAmerican slang, Better not touch NAME GOOSE BAY, LABRADOR apparently six small globes and onethe hull pal, its still hot . C lear l y large object bu t t he fo n nat i o n wa s DATE 29 JUNE 1954Frys aliens came from somewhere con st antly chanJ..� ng. The object s , PLACE GOOSE BAY, LABRADORother than Adamskis who, t h re e kept a s t raight line with sometimesyears later, were still u si ng MAP REF: P1 1 three ahead of the large globe andtel e path y and sign lan b a gc to 11.J EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE FIRST t hree at the rear or sometimes fourcommunicate. KIND ahead and t wo at t he rear, etc. Frys contac t cc , A- Lan (but l at e r Howard believed t h e y were solid.shortened to Alan for convenience Kcports of sightings of UFOs by Co -pi l ot Lee Boyd reported thesake) explained much of the physics pilots arc frequ ent and deflate the incident to Goose B ay . Labrador andinvolved in the construction and claim that only unqualified or t hey were asked to describe themovement of his c raft to F ry w h o deranged people s igh t s uch object s . sighting, which they did. Perhaps the best report ed example Captain Howard could hardly i s that of Captain James Howard complain that he was not taken over Goose Bay, Labrador in 1 954. seri ou s ly. A patrolling F-9·1 fighter Ca pta i n Howard was flying a was vectored towards the ai rcraft BOAC St rat ocrui s er from New York and frequencie s were lined up to to London in the early hours of the allow Captain Howard to talk evening of 29 J une. Some half an directl y to the pilots of t h e figh t e r . hour out, Boston ai r traffic control Wh a t e ve r t he e xplana t ion for t he informed H owa rd he must hold UFOs t h e y were not radar ·isiblc a s position though gave him no reason. t h e fighter indicated t h e y h a d only It took a reque st from Howard to the St ra t oc n1 is er on radar. E · e n Boston control, poin t i ng out his more m y steri ou s ly the o bjec t s concerns for his fuel levels, to obtain di s appea red as the F-9-1 approached . pcnnission to go fonvard and in At a fuel stop over at c ; oosc Bay doing so he w a s made to detour far U n i t ed Sta tes Air Fo rc e i n t ell ige n ce north via Cape Cod. In view of what o fti ce r s in t e rro ga t ed the crew and was to happen later in t he flight it i s told t hem that there had been o ther specula ted that air traffic control had sigh ti n gs like it i n the area . I >espitcAsovE Daniel Fry, the contactee who picked up anomalous returns on its possi bl e corrobora t ion from aclaimed several meetings with space radar and was redi rec ting t ra ffic as a )... Tfound witness who saw a n umberpeople during the early 1 950s . Although result of this. of objec t s llying in the right dirccLionhis claims pre-date Adamski s . they were It was some three hours later a l the right time. lark of radarnot revealed until after Adamski had m·er the St Lawrence estuary fl yi ng corrobora tion unfortuna l c l ypublished his book. Lm One of the alien at 1 9, 000 ft (5, 79 1 m ), way above de pri ved l he c a s e of i t s m o s tspaceships photographed by Daniel Fry. the cloud le·el, t hat C a pt a in How ard valuable possibilities. 35
    • N O RTH A M E R I CANAME KELLY-HOPKINSVILLE (6 m) from the farmhouse. The loud, persistent banging sound. creature scurried away into the No trace of either the entities orDATE 21 AUGUST 1 955 night. Indoors, the others heard a the UFO could be found althoughPLACE KELLY-HOPKINSVILLE, KENTUCKY scraping sound from the kitchen roof some bullet holes were located. The MAP REF: L1 7 and the men ran back into the yard Chief of Police stated thatEVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRD and saw a similar creature on top of something frightened these people, KIND the farmhouse. When fired upon, something beyond their although the creature fell, it comprehension. The police calledAs evening fell on 21 August 1955 apparently floated gently down off the investigation until daylight.the Sutton family, Elmer, Vera, towards the backyard before making But at 2 . 30 in the morning thejohn, Alene and her brother were off on all four limbs. nightmare returned!hosts to the Langford family, Glenie The entities were of a type Glenie, in bed, looked at herand her three children Lonnie, unique in UFO lore. Although window and saw the huge shiningCharlton and Mary together with a incorporating some of the features eyes of one of the entities staringfriend of Elmers, Billy Ray Taylor of classical entities, i. e. short slim into the bedroom. She softly calledand his wife june. Around 7 oclock figures, large round bald heads, etc. to the other members of the familyBilly Ray Taylor left the house to get there were striking differences. and Lucky Sutton shot at thewater from the farm well and to take Each had huge yellow shining eyes intruder which scampered off intoa drink. While outside he saw a UFO placed on the sides of their face and the darkness. It was not until pastreal bright, with an exhaust all the an enormous mouth like a crack 5 oclock that morning, 22 August,colours of the rainbow. It stretching across the face. The ears and approximately an hour beforeapparently landed close to the farm were huge elephant likein a dried-up river bed. When he appendages, enormous inreturned inside the house and told comparison to the body.the others of his sighting he was not The creatures appeared to bebelieved, and it was generally reluctant to come too close to thethought he had seen a shooting star. bright lights of the farmhouse butNobody investigated the landing the families were concernedsite. An hour later the eight adults because of the ineffectiveness ofand three children were to begin an their weapons and barricadedextended, horrifying siege by beings themselves inside. For some threeso extraordinarily grotesque as to be hours they watched the entitiesalmost beyond belief. around the farmhouse until they It began with the crazed barking were forced to make a desperateof their dog in the yard and Elmer, decision to escape. At around 1 1known as Lucky Sutton, went with oclock in the evening they dashedBilly Ray Taylor to the kitchen door from the farn1house into two carsof the farmhouse to see what was and high-tailed it the 1 0 milesdisturbing the animal. What he saw ( 1 6 km) to the police station atmust have seemed like the product Hopkinsville, arriving in a state ofof a nightmare: a glowing, dwarf like agitation and fear.creature with enonnous eyes and They impressed the police to thewith arms stretched high above its extent that the Chief, Russellhead was slowly and determinedly Greenwell, his Deputy Georgeapproaching the house ! Batts, Sergeant Pritchett and three An a rtist s i m p ression of one of the These isolated country folk were other officers, along with a local entities that besieged the Kel ly­not accustomed to diplomatic journalist, returned with the family Hopkinsville farmhouse on 21 Augustpleasantries and tend to shoot first to the farm ready to take up the 1 95 5 . They never harmed the witnesses ,and ask questions afterwards. battle. just 2 miles (3 km) out of and their a p p roach , with claws raised inLucky took a shotgun, and Taylor a Hopkins ville and on the way back to the a i r , m ay have been a g estu re of peace. 22 rifle, and both fired at the entity the Kelly farmhouse they saw two - not an easy i ntention to exp ress whenwhen it had rc;tched a ro un d 20 ft streaks of light overhead and heard a you look l i ke this ! 38
    • DATABASE 1 950s --- ------------ - -- -- - -first light, that the entities were lastseeu an d the nightmare was over. J I M A N D CORAL LORENZEN The a ftermath of the night wasve ry difficult for the witnesses. One of t h e first CIVI l ian U F O resea rch di sbanded Desp1te a known study tJyTh e y were accused of reliJ... rious orga nizat ions i n the world was lhe lt1e Air Ofl1ce ol Special lnves l l gal l o nhysteria and they were harassed Aer ial Phenomena Resea rch (AOSI ) . neither J i m n o r C o r a ! Lorr;nzenfollowing the publicity that O rgan ization (APRO). formed by J i m were prevented from cont i n u i ng the1rsurrounded their report. a n d Coral Lorenzen. T h e organ izat ion work for the US Air Force. suggeslmgThroughout all of this, however, and its founders came under much at least no official condemnat ion ofthey stuck to their story and refused off i cial moni toring and it is now the i r act ivit ies_to protect themselves from theexcesses of the media even bytoning down their claims,maintaining that they were beingtruthful. No explanation for the encounterhas been offered that stands up toreasonable examination. A travellingcircus had passed throughHopkinsville that day and it wasspeculated that they could have lostperforming monkeys but thesuggestion falls down on so manyh1fotmds that it is almost laughable.For one thing there was no report ofany lost monkeys, for anothermonkeys do not fit the physicaldescriptions of the entities, let aloneglow in the dark. Most importantly NAME JENNIE wall and claimed she could even seeat least one wounded or dead the dirt and cobwebs inside the wall DATE 7 OCTOBER 1 955monkey ought to have been found as she passed through it. PLACE NEBRASKAafter a night time barrage of The UFO itself appeared to hazeshooting, yet no bodies were ever MAP REF: J 1 5 in and out of visibility, apparentlyrecovered. EVENT ABDUCTION allowing vision through its walls to It has to be admitted that there the interior and even through that towas no proof of malevolent intent on Late in the evening a teenage girl, the surrounding terrain. Inside thethe part of the entities and it has jennie, was dressed for bed in her UFO it was Cry cold. She describedbeen speculated that these bedroom. Under hypnosis, she told the entity as between 3-4 ftcreatures approaching the the story of an entity floating outside (91 - 1 22 em) tall with an egg shapedfam1house with their hands in the air her bedroom window whom she head, grey complexion, reducedmay have been trying to show they refers to as the explorer and she facial features and long, slit like eyes.were unarmed and harmless. Given states that she felt drawn towards He was wearing some close-fittingtheir physical appearance there him, perhaps under his telepathic head dress. During the subsequentseems to be no practical way in influence. She seems to be tr)ing to medical examination blood sampleswhich a creature like that could ever protect herself, by pretending that vere to instil fear. the event is a dream and she says On re-awakening the next Whatever the truth of the Kelly­ she docs not want to listen to him. morning jennie remembered theHopkinsville encounter, it remains The entity floated through the air e·ent as a dream: whether this is atoday, over thirty-five years later, towards a UFO, described as like protecti,·e device of her own mind orone of the most extraordinary and two dessert bowls placed together, not is unclear. There is someterrifying multiple-witness and willed her to follow. In doing so corroboration of her story asencounters on record. she moved through the bedroom possible physical traces on a ne;1rby 39
    • N O RTH AM E R I CA U FO COMES I N ALL S HAPES A N D S I ZESThe expression U F O has beencorrupted over the years and is oftenheld to mean extra-terrestrialspaceship. Nothing cou l d be fu rtherf rom an accurate defi n ition and it iswel l to remember that the expressi onmeans nothing more nor l ess thanU n identified Flying Object. Of all thereports received by organizationsthroughout the world, approxi mate ly90-95% a re identif ied. Typica l ly, mostof these turn out to be repo rts of naturalphenomena of various sorts. Planets -and particularly the b r i g h t planetsVen u s and J u p i ter - a re often identi fiedas the cause of U F O reports. Somestars have been c u l p r i ts, and there aremany natural b u t exotic-lookingphenomena that are repo rted as U FOs.R IGHT Noct i l ucent clouds a re visible atn i g ht, at dawn o r at dusk and comprisemasses of ice h i g h in the atmospherei l l u m i nated by the sun from over thehorizon, cau s i ng a hazy, g l owi ng shape inhe sky. BEt ow Aurora borealis, theNorthern Lights, photographed beforedawn nea r Fai rbanks, Alaska. Au roras a rel um i nous d i s pl ays that occ u r in the n i ghtsky a t h i g h l atitudes. 40
    • DATABASE 1950s elm tree outs1de her wmdow show as burn markings. llowever, her father heli<�vcs that it was hit by lightning. Interes tingly, this case only c<Hn(· to light in 19R1 when abduction lon· was rife in the American media and details were becoming well knOvn to the p revio usly uninitiated. NAME LOCHRAVEN DAM DATE 26 OCTOBER 1958 PLACE LOCHRAVEN DAM, BALTIMORE. PA MAP REF: N16 EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE FIRST KIND At 10.30in the evening Alvin Cohen and Philip Small saw an egg-shaped UFO above Lochraven Dam in Maryland. The object was, they estimated, hovering approximately 100-150ft ( 0-46 m) above a small 3 ; metal bridge near the dam, some 250yds (229 m) from them. They drove closer to investigate. At some 80ft (24m) from the object the cars electrical systems went dead; its dashlights and headlights went out and its motor stopped. In trying to restart the car there was no sound of e·en the starter motor trying to engage. Both witnesses panicked, jumped out of the car and moved behind it. After some 20-:m seconds a bright white light accompanied by a deafening noise burst from the object and it started to rise ·ertically and within just a few seconds it had vanished into the sky above. As the light tlashed both men reported iccling heat and both displayed symptoms similar to sunb u rn. There were other witnesses who confim1ed the sound p1ior to take oil lt was reported to the lnited States :ir Force, but the case remains unsolved and is ofliciall�· listed as unidentified. 41
    • "1 1 1 1 ii ll ll lll n •· N O RT H A M E R ICA 1 960s them each about 3 in (8 em) wide. and having made a short stop in a After this contact, lasting only a few restaurant at Colebrook the coupleN A M E JOE SIMONTON minutes, the object apparently rose set off down highway US 3. Just into the air, took off rapidly towards beyond the village of Lancaster theyDATE 18 APRIL 1 961 the south, its downwash actually noticed a bright light in the skyPLACE EAGLE RIVER , WISCONSIN bending nearby pine trees. ahead of them which appeared to be MAP REF: K1 5 The United States Department of getting bigger and brighter as theyEVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRD Health, Education and Welfare Food watched. During the drive they KIND and Drug Laboratory was given continued to observe the light which pieces of the cake to examine, was apparently moving behind treesA case that has prompted Simonton had already stated it and mountain tops. It was not untilconsiderable background research tasted like cardboard. The official they stopped the car that they wereinto the true meaning of close analysis indicated that it was made of able to determine for sure that itencounters occurred in April 1961 at perfectly normal Earth type was moving, and that the movementEagle River in Wisconsin when materials but that it contained no salt. had not been the apparent motionwitness, Joe Simonton saw a It is the absence of salt which has given by the twists and turns in thebrighter than chrome saucer interested researchers ever since; road. By looking at it throughshaped object hovering near his comparison is drawn to the binoculars Barney was of the opinionfarmhouse. His attention had been exchange of foods between humans that it was an aircraft or aattracted by a rushing noise which and faerie folk in Celtic traditions. helicopter.had drawn him out of the house; this The tum of the century Celtic As they approached the Cannonhappening around 1 1 oclock in the researcher Walter Evans-Wentz mountain they became somewhatmorning. wrote of the Irish little people: concerned by their sighting and The UFO was apparently They never taste anything salt, but Betty considered pulling into anapproximately 1 2 ft (3. 65 m) high cat fresh meat and drink pure open motel to find company andand 30 ft (9. 1 4 m) wide and while he water. Pure water was the request shelter. Had they done so they maywatched it a hatch opened and three made of Simonton. have avoided the next extraordinaryoccupants looked out at Simonton. Since the physical traces and frightening events.Simonton described the occupants research reveals nothing of extra­ While Barney drove, Bettyas approximately 5 ft ( 1 52 em) tall terrestrial origin the case probably looked through binoculars and sawwith dark hair, and human like offers no further analysis. Sheriff what appeared to be an enormousclothing. Indeed Simonton described Schroeder, of the area, stated that craft with a double row of windows.the aliens as resembling Italians. having known Simonton for fourteen This caused Barney to stop the carPerhaps the most extraordinary years he obviously believed the and make a more detailedevent was yet to come. truth of what he was saying. investigation. He left the car, One of the men waved a jug crossed through a dark field andtowards Simonton apparently apparently walked up to within 50 ftindicating that he needed water. NAME BETIY AND BARNEY HILL ( 1 5 m) of the object now hovering atSimonton took the jug inside the DATE 1 9 SEPTEMBER 1 961 treetop height, although he admittedhouse, filled it and returned it to later he was fully gripped with fear. PLACE CONCORDE, NEW HAMPSHIREthem by which time he also noticed With concern, Betty was looking MAP REF: 0 1 4they appeared to be having some into the darkness for her lostsort of barbecue on board their EVENT ABDUCTION husband.saucer and were frying food on a Isolated in the dark field Barney,grill. In addition to the cook-out Returning from a holiday in Canada again through binoculars, looked atSimonton noticed several to their home in the state of New the object now so close to him andinstrument panels and a dark black Hampshire, Betty and Barney Hill stated that he could see at least ainterior. were to become the first highly dozen people looking back at him. Simonton requested like-for-like publicized account of a U FO He particularly remembered theand indicated he would appreciate abduction. eyes of the crew members whichone of the pancakes they were Having crossed the Canadian almost hypnotically gripped hiscooking; they gave him three of border at approximately 9 oclock attention and then, screaming that 42
    • DATABASE 1 960s subwcting them to an unpleasant medical examination. In addition to this Betty was given a tour of the spaceship by the aliens who showed her a map apparently d ep i c t ing their h ome world. Nightmares are bad enough, but in talking with people at her work she became convinced that these were no ordinary nightmares; they were memories of a real event. A frightening event, and one which suggested a less than benibI1 purpose on the part of the aliens. In February 1 964 the couple began a series of regression hypnosis sessions with Boston psychiatrist Dr Benjamin Simon, the purpose of which was to relieve tensions in the couple which they believed stemmed from the night of their encounter. The sessions appeared to confirm the worst; both Betty and Barney recalled the abduction of Bettys dream as ahe feared they were about to be Betty and Barney Hill with their dog , reality. According to a later analysiscaptured, he ran back across the Delsey . These are the three witnesses to of the star map recalled by Betty Hillfield to the car, jumped in and drove the first highly publ icized abduction . as shown to her by the alien leader,off. Betty at this point could not see Barney is holding a sketch of the object the aliens home world orbits eithereither the light or the craft but could that captured them. of the stars Zeta Reticuli I or I I andhear a continuous beeping noise, and the occupants apparently have athey seemed to have drowsed as a agitated by the case and drew the purpose here on Earth.sedated feeling overcame them. attention of another couple living in It must be said that Dr Simons Seventeen miles (27 km) from the house with them by her excited view of the encounter was that heConcorde, according to a sign they state. Bettys interest in U FO study believed the abduction reality to besaw, Betty and Barney Hill seemed was then, and has remained to this too improbable, and much materialto have recovered from their semi­ day, very high. just two days after was similar to dream material.sedation at the same time as they the sighting she went to the library Subsequent analysis by otherheard - or think they heard - a to collect a great deal of information psychologists has suggested t hat theseparate set of beeping sounds about UFOs including reading Major regression hypnosis would be unablesimilar to the first. Eventually they Donald Keyhoes Flying Saucer to sort fantasy from fact, particularlyreached home. Conspiracy and just one week after where the couple had been I n the morning following the the sighting she wrote to Major convinced that the nightmares wereevent Betty discovered spots of Keyhoe about her experience which a reality, so it is possible t hat themetallic polishing on the boot had only just begun. event did not occur.(trunk) of the car. This was just one Ten days after the sighting Betty For those who take comfort fromof many physical traces which had a series of vivid nightmares over this possibility there is one furthersuggest, but do not alone confinn, a period of a week of a most fact that must be taken into account.the nature of a real event. She disorientating kind. She dreamed 1lilitary radar at Pease Air Forcetalked at great length to her sister that the UFO had stopped the car. Base apparently tracked anabout the sighting, her sister having that alien beings from the UFO had anomalous UFO in the skies of :ewhad a UFO event some years extracted them from the car and Hampshire at the time and place ofbefore. Betty was apparently cry taken them aboard their spaceship. the Hill report! 43
    • N O RTH A M E R ICANAME SOCORRO possible accident and that he would be out of the car; he stopped theDATE 24 APRIL 1 964 vehicle and got out.PLACE SOCORRO, NEW MEXICO All that he witnessed was the MAP REF: H18 object taking off, its pilotsEVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THI RD presumably having been startled KIND into an escape. Apparently the object rose on a column of blue­At around a quarter to six in the orange flame. Of the object itselfevening, Police Officer Lonnie Zamora believed it was oval inZamora was chasing a speeding car shape, whitish and had some redwhen he heard a noise and saw a lettering on the side.light in the sky approximately 1 mile Zamora ran from the car and( 1 . 6 km) away. He believed it might ducked over the hill, watching thepossibly be a dynamite store that object rise out of the gully and intohad exploded and he called off the the air. The object then appeared tochase to investigate. As he level off and fly horizontally over theapproached, it appeared that the dynamite store and away acrossblue-orange flame was descending country. Inspection of the landingover the rise of a hill ahead of him. site showed four clear impressions H aving cleared the hill Zamora in the sand and burn marks in the AsovE Police OHicer Lo n n i e Zamora w h onoticed a shiny object parked off the vegetation. Marks nearby were reported seeing a landed egg-shaped craftroad about 200 yds ( 1 83 m) away. referred to as the footprints of near Socorro , N ew M exico i n A p ri l 1 964 .Nearby were two people in white the entities. Beside it were two h u manoid forms . Asoveralls who seemed startled at the There were reports of Zamora approached , the beings and theappearance of the police car. corroborative sightings of the blue craft fled . BELOW I n specti on revealedThinking that it might be a crashed flame and of someone seeing the g round traces where the craft h ad stood .vehicle Zamora approached with police car driving towards the On the damaged rocks were m etalhelp in mind. He reported over the encounter. There were other frag ments which were sent for analysisradio that he was investigating a reports including one made by a b u t mysteriously went missi n g . 46
    • •il lli lll lll lll ll· OAT ABASE 1 960sp ri nc iple investigator of the case, spreading ma n ure on his fie ld . l ie NAME CISCO GROVERay Stanford, who saw a similar moved into anothe r field ready for DATE 5 SEPTEMBER 1 964obj ec t in flight shortly a fterw a rd s . ploughing and he saw a light­ PLACE CISCO GROVE, CALIFORNIA No identification has ever been coloured object there as he MAP REF: E17made of the object Zamora approached. At first he gave hiswit n essed but fairly extraordiuary sighting a mundane explanation, EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRDclaims have been made to debunk believing it to be a defunct KINOthe sighting. One suggestion was refrige rator that had been laying inthat having taken place on land the field for some time. As he got For those who believe that it is onlyowneu hy the local Mayor the whole nearer he changed his mind, and abductions that cause )., eat fear and fstory and physical traces may have believed it might be t he wing tank extreme reaction in w·itnesses, thebeen created to increase tourism. d roppe d from an aeroplane. Only as case of M r S. in Cisco Grove, Dr j . Allen Hynek who investigated he app roach ed much closer did he California merits a study.the case said, Of all the close reco)., ize the fact that it was some T! Having spent the day huntingencounters of the third kind, this is 20 ft (7 m) long, egg shaped and with two companions and becomingthe one that most clearly suggests a glistening aluminium. Ncar the craft separated from them he took shelter"nuts-and-bolts" physical craft. were two short humanoids wearing in a tree, strapping him self to a tight fitting clothing and helmets. branch to prevent himself falling out From a box on his chest, one of of the tree if he slept.NAME GARY WILCOX the humanoids calmed Wilcoxs M r S. observed three obj ec ts apprehensions and stated We have with rotating lights from his locationDATE 24 APRIL 1964 talked with people before. He then and he believed these may havePLACE TIOGA, NEW YORK STATE went on, implausibly, to state We been helicopters searching for him. MAP REF: N15 arc from what you people refer to as Reacting to this he left the t ree andEVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRD the planet Mars. During two hours lit signal fires to attract their KIND of conversation with the Martians attention. Unfortunately, he Wilcox discussed farming and succeeded.This particular case is potentially learned from them that they were on The unknown silvery objectsimportant because of its Earth to learn about organic closed in and apparently despatchedapproximation in time to t he Socorro materials. They apparently offered two humanoids who approached theincident (see page 46). According to explanations of how their craft fires. They were dressed in silverthe witness, Gary Wilcox, it worked which Wilcox did not suits and had extraordinary,occurred at 10 oclock in the understand and said that t heir visits prominent eyes. The t wo humanoidsmorning placing it just a few hours to Earth were regular. Apparently apparently tried to remove ivl r S.before Socorro but I have listed it in one of the humanoids asked for a bag from the tree and a third robot likethis database afterwards as its of manure and Wilcox went to his e nt it y appeared also. l1r S. firedsi!-, 1ificance is only appreciated when TJ barn to collect one. When he arrows at the robot, then tore offthe details of the Socorro incident returned the craft was gone but he strips of his clothing, set them alightare understood. left the bag of manure in the field and threw them at t he entities to I f true the account gives anyway and the following morning it frighten them away. He apparentlysubstantial support to the Socorro was gone also. succeeded and they took off in theirclaim but it is the opinion of the If this is an early visit by the same UFO. the downblast of whichSocorro principal investigator, Ray occupants of the same craft t hat unfortunately caused him to blackStanford, a well-known and well­ vi sited Socorro some hours later out. l i e regained consciousness atrespected researcher, that my then in the intervening hours they daybreak and discon_red t he l : Foufologers intuition tells me this obviously became less talkative and and entities were gone .account may be a total hoax, less comfmtable around people; Se ve ra l l oca l peo ple atte sted t ofabricated by Wilcox after he had leaving as abruptly as they did "·hen 1lr S. s good character. including aheard of the Socorro incident . officer Zamora interrupted them. local astronomy teacher who notified Wilcoxs report stated that at They can hardly ha·e been in a Air Force officials. The .-ir Forceapproximately 10 o clock in the desperate hurry to return just to explained the case ;1smorning of 24 April 1964 he was collect their bag of manure! p s ych o lof., r a l ri. 47
    • .I I I I i I ! · II I II I II IIIIW· · N O RTH A M E R I CANAM E FLYNN INCIDENT made to discredit Flynn which Muscarello observed these lights for backfired when many leading approximately a quarter of an hourDATE 1 4 MARCH 1965 citizens, police officers and doctors and at one point they appeared toPLACE EVERGLADES, FLORIDA vouched for him. The Air Forces come so close to him he leapt into a MAP REF: N20 suggestion that Flynn may have ditch to avoid being hit by them.EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE SECOND hoaxed the encounter ignored the Eventually Muscarello hitched a lift KIND remarkable ground and tree traces to Exeter police station and and his own physical impairments reported what he had seen.Rancher James W. Flynn of Fort which his doctor believed could not Confirmation came fromMyers, Florida was camping in the have been faked. patrolman Eugene Bertrand whoEverglades on the night of 14 March In the end the Air Force settled had been in the area in his car at1 965 after a day spent training for the somewhat useless statement 1 oclock in the morning. The policehunting dogs. After midnight he saw that, when questioned, they had officer had spoken to a woman whoa bright light descend approximately nothing on their files concerning the claims she was too upset to drive1 mile ( 1 . 6 km) away from his Flynn incident. because she had been followed inlocation and, believing it to be a her car by a bright light thoughplane landing in difficulties, he drove Bertrand did not witness this aspecttowards it in his swamp buggy, NAME EXETER FLAP of the report. He did, however,getting as close as he could. Around accompany Muscarello to the field DATE 3 SEPTEMBER 1 9651, 320 ft (402 m) from the landing and witnessed the bright red lights PLACE EXETER, NEW HAMPSHIREsite he alighted and went the rest of Muscarello had reported. Bertrand MAP REF: 0 1 5the way on foot. noticed that although the lights were As he approached the object he EVENT MULTIPLE NIGHT LIGHT SIGHTINGS silent they were upsetting farmsaw that it was a large conical animals in the area and he calledmachine hovering near the ground, In the spring of 1 965 the area of patrolman Hunt to the scene whosome 75 ft (23 m) wide and 30 ft Exeter, New Hampshire was also observed the lights.(9 m) high. Portholes were visible subject to a local wave of UFO Pease Air Force Basebecause of the yellow lights shining sightings, many of which were investigated the report somethrough them . Flynn could see no investigated by journalist john G. months later and could not find aoccupants. Deciding to offer Fuller and related in his bestselling cause of the sighting. Theyfriendship, Flynn stepped near the book Incident at Exeter. Not commented that the observersobject and raised his hand in a untypical of the wave, though appeared to be reliable and stablegesture of greeting. He was greeted perhaps most documented, was the people and believed that their ownby a beam of light which struck him sighting of 1 8-year-old Norman ] . B-4 7 aircraft which had been in theon the forehead and knocked him Muscarello on :� September 1965. area at the time could not haveunconscious. His sighting was confirmed by police caused the sighting. When he came to he was partially patrolmen Eugene Bertrand and During the flap that followed,blinded and bruised. Although the David Hunt. there was an extraordinary call toobject had disappeared there was a Muscarello was hitch-hiking to the police station in Exeter; a man incharred circular ground trace ncar the south of Exeter at 2 oclock in a call box claimed that a flying saucerwhere the object had been hovering the morning when he saw a group of was heading directly towards him,and trees nearby were also burned. five red lights in a line, over a house the call was interrupted, theFlynn spent five days at Fort Myers some 100 ft (:30 m) from his position. connection broken and he could notHospital who confirmed that his He watched as the lights moved be and muscular reflexes were behind trees and houses, out over a For several weeks after theimpaired. large field and commented that they sighting Muscarello and his mother Unfortunately Flynns encounter were so bright that he could not see staked out the hills to see if theycame at a time of maximum difficulty structure behind them, possibly could see the UFOs again and onfor the Air Force, indeed during a indicating only that it was hidden by one evening they did so.major flap in the locality, and they their brilliance. The lights were Project Blue Book, however,were doing their very best to play apparently pulsating and only one seems to suggest in its report thatdown the sighting. Attempts were light was bright at any s., ven time. ri the B-4 7 aircraft or aircraft from an 48
    • • 1 1 1 i l l l l ll 1 11w DATABASE 1 960s M ISS I N G I N FORMATION The sheer weight o f UFO-related material available f o r study reference points ! rom which detai led analysis can be is astonishi ng. The late Dr J Al len Hynek, tor over twenty made, then allen there is very l ittle that can be learned years a leadi ng figure in the subject , referred to it as an !rom it. However spectacular or clear the image is. its embarrassment of riches. In fact, so many claims are relevance wi l l always depend on the witnesss other received that hosts of reports are either uninvestigated testi mony. or alforded only a cursory examination; thei r detai ls are BELow This photograph was taken by Deputy Sheriff Arthur logged and are of value mainly in the event of other Strauch near St George, Minnesota while he was out hunting reports being received which can then be corroborated. with tour companions. While potentially a very interesting Perhaps surprisi ngly, even photographs fal l i nto this image, interpretation of i t is l i m i ted through lack of category; if a photograph is indistinct and has no authoritative i nformation on the subject.operation known as big blast may definition and even by t he standards fifteen years after the eYent thehave been responsible for t he of 1 965 rather mundane and only witne sses stood by theirsightings though such conclusions attracted the attention they did statements. Ofticer Hunt said I t shave created J., Jfeat criticism due to because of t he high publicity t hey j ust a thing that happened and wetheir other inaccuracies. received rather t han the particular reported it t he way it happened a t There has been some suggestion qualities of t he reports themselves. t h e time, which y o u k n o w is about a l lthat the sightings were of indi s t inct When questioned about the sighting you c a n d o , I guess. 49
    • NAME GREAT NORTH-EASTERN BLACKOUT J ust after power failed at New York, and a section of Canada. Syracuse, Deputy Aviation New York City had 600 trains andDATE 9 NOVEMBER 1 965 Commissioner Robert Walsh sighted 600,000 passengers trapped in thePlACE NORTH-EASTERN UNITED STATES/ a round fiery UFO ascending at underground train system; many CANADA moderate speed from a fairly low thousands were trapped in MAP REF: N 1 5 altitude. A second fireball is also elevators; bridges and tunnels wereEVENT GREAT NORTH-EASTERN BLACKOUT reported. The objects were over the jammed due to traffic-light Clay power substation, an automatic breakdowns; airports were shutThere have been many connections control unit which regulated power down and flights redirected. Themade between the appearance of from Niagara Falls to New York. enormous north-eastern power gridUFOs and disruption of electrical Witnesses in the Time and Life was thought to have beencircuits, particularly in cars building saw a UFO in the sky above invulnerable to accident or attackapproached by low-flying UFOs. blacked-out Manhattan. Time having hundreds of automaticThere have also been several claims magazine photographers controls and safety cut-outs.made that UFOs in the vicinity of photographed this object. Many Congress had been told that amajor cities have caused power other reports of UFOs came in serious breakdown was quiteblackouts affecting many thousands across New York, New Jersey and impossible. Various heads of powerof people. Such claims were Pennsylvania. UFOs were reported plants indicated they had noparticularly common in the 1960s. over Pennsylvania by pilot Jerry explanation for the blackout, noThe most dramatic of all claims was Whitaker and passenger George severed transmission lines, faultythat of the great North-East Croniger who believe they saw them circuits or defective generators.blackout which covered an area of being chased by jet interceptors. One stated that it appeared that vast80, 000 square miles (207, 1 99 ml) At the height of the blackout it amounts of electricity had simplyand affected 26 million people. had spread to six states other than been lost but without explanation. 50
    • DATABASE 1960s [particularly] ... along with the stated since that time that he had reports of previous UFO-caused had no wish to do so and believed it blackouts. was premature at the time when he Whether UFOs were the cause of made his comment. His statement the great North-Eastern blackout or included the comment that some not remains open to speculation. At people in the area might have seen least they cannot be blamed for one ignited swamp gas. of the effects of the enforced hours The press immediately pilloried of darkness and quiet. Nine months him for the comment, and assaulted after the blackout New York him for attacking the credibility of experienced a baby boom. local witnesses. They completely ignored his further comment that a fuller investigation was required and NAME SWAMP GAS DEBACLE that a thorough investigation of all phenomena was needed before DATE 18 MARCH 1966 comment should be made PlACE ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN definitively. MAP REF: M15 Hynek always said afterwards EVENT THE SWAMP GAS DEBACLE that it showed how even the most experienced people can fall prey to Over forty witnesses including the excesses of the press, it also several police officers saw a UFO shows how the excesses of the with blue and white lights, antennae press can affect public perception of and a pilots cabin, in the marshlands the UFO phenomenon. near Ann Arbor, Michigan on I 18 March 1966. Four other craft I,!I�DAILY apparently travelled with it. Some � ��- witnesses claimed to reach to withinNew York and 80,000 square miles 1, 500ft (457 m) of it, and described(207, 199 m2) of the surrounding area was it as football shaped and pulsating. !blacked out in 1965. Police patrolman Robert Hunawill agreed that he had watched the Because of the potential for object together with other localpanic, with people trapped in citizens. Sheriffs deputies Stanleyelevators and underground in the McFadden and David Fitzpatrickdark for many hours on end, calming observed it flying over the area. Theand reassuring statements were state Police Commissioner,broadcast by those radio stations Frederick Davids, commented Ithat could transmit on emergency used to discount these reports toogenerators and certainly no mention but now I am not so sure.was made of any UFO connection The following evening the craft �������� s=..:����for fear of the panic it would cause. was again observed by otherHowever, the press picked up the witnesses and it became apparentUFO reports (and indeed Air Force that the Air Force should send in an I 1:official denials) and by the end of the investigator if only to be seen to be :day it was already being speculated doing something. They sent in theirthat UFOs had caused the blackout. scientific adviser to Project BlueNo proof of this connection has ever Book, Dr j. Allen Hynek. Hynekbeen forthcoming though one Air made an investigation of the area but Any analysis of the UFO phenomeno-­ nForce Major made the point that was virtually assaulted by the press reveals how media coverage often createsThe evidence was too strong to be to make some kind of preliminary a mythology around a truth. Insubstantialignored or debunked ... statement, although he always stories can easily become sensat1onal. 51
    • I , I I ·1 1 1111 1 � 1 uu��J. . N O RTH A M E R I CANAME CATALINA ISLAND FILM NAME BETTY ANDREASSON These experiences have beenDATE APRIL 1 966 DATE 25 JANUARY 1 967 commonly reported in America, but what was to follow is unique.PLACE CATALINA ISLAND, CALIFORNIA PLACE ASHBURNHAM, MASSACHUSffiS She was taken through various MAP REF: E18 MAP REF: 01 5 chambers inside the UFO, wasEVENT PHOTOGRAPHIC CASE EVENT ABDUCTION covered in fluids and fed fluids through her mouth; she metThe Catalina Island film shot by Perhaps the most remarkable case reptilian creatures and flew over aprofessional cameraman Lee of imagery in a UFO abduction crystal city. Inside one of the crystalHansen is important in UFO comes from the claims of Betty buildings she was brought face toresearch not because it is a mystery Andreas son. face with a bird like being and heardbut because it is not. Shot in April On 25 january 1 967 she was at the voice of God. 1966 the film showed a silver, disc home with her parents and her Quazgaa told her that Secretsshaped object moving in the seven children in the early evening have been locked in her mind andmountains on Catalina Island and (her husband was in hospital having she was then returned to her homecasting a shadow below. For twenty been injured in a car accident). finding her family apparentlyyears the object remained a mystery. Suddenly, she saw a pulsating light paralyzed and unconscious. It was only the development of through the kitchen window and To the present day there hasmodern photographic analysis which Bettys father saw entities outside probably been more written aboutgave final identification to the object who Betty then saw entering the t his case than any other and the fullon the film. Image enhancement house through the walls. case history is rich in detail, much oftechniques were employed by Dr This was all Betty remembered which may well be symbolic but all ofRobert Nathan of the jet Propulsion for many years. Some eight years which appears to have deep meaningLaboratory in Pasadena; the film later she wrote to the tabloid for the witness.was scanned, enlarged and displayed newspaper Na tiona! Enquirer abouton a television screen and broken her experience, this was a paperdown into individual pixels. Each noted for its interest in UFOs and NAME STEPHEN MICHALAOframe of the film was similarly for its $5, 000 reward given annually DATE 20 MAY 1 967di!-, it ized and each overlaid on the r to the best UFO story. However, PLACE FALCON LAKE, ONTARIO/MANITOBAearlier image causing an averaging of they apparently took little interest in BORDERthe lighting effects in the picture. her case. MAP REF: K1 2(;radually the grain in the picture It was not until l 977, more thandiminished and the image was able ten years after the event that Betty EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE SECONDto he seen more clearly. Andreasson underwent a series of KIND In fact the cameraman had filmed, hypnotic regression sessionsout of focus, a light aircraft that had suggested by MUFON investigator, If Canada comes a poor second tobeen manoeuvring in the mountains. Raymond Fowler. Her story was the United States on the NorthBy t he time the image enhancement extraordinary. American continent in terms ofwas completed it was possible even The aliens that had entered her quantity of UFO events, then it goesto sec the outline of the pilot sitting kitchen apparently lined up before a long way to making up for it inin the cockpit. Because the aircraft her and stated they needed food for quality with the extraordinary closehad been filmed from its own flight their minds. Their leader, Quazgaa, encounter of Stephen Michalaqlevel it had eliminated the image of accepted a bible from Betty. She which is recorded here.wings and indeed the image of the then left the house with them and just after noon on 20 May, attail fin. entered an oval object hovering a Falcon Lake between Manitoba and M;my UFO cases arc solved in few inches off the ground in her back Ontario, Michalaq witnessed thethe first investigation, indeed some garden. landing of a cigar shaped UFO. Two90-95 per rent of cases are ident ified She underwent a medical such red objects descended, onequite quickly hut positive examination in a brilliantly lit landing and the other silently flyingidentificati( ln t wenty years after an operating room on board the object back into the sky. The landed UFOevent is rare and this was an and suffered a probe pushed into her appeared to cool down; its red glowimportant breakthrough. nose and another through her navel. diminishing to a silver gold. The 52
    • OAT ABASE 1 960sobject was approximately 30 ft (9 m) of the object. From it , a blast of Stephen Michalaq. victim of a very closewide and 1 2 ft (3 1/:! m ) high. wam1 air struck him causing him not encounter, displays the extraordinary Michalaq was an amateur only surprise but pain and fear as it pattern of burn marks which appeared onprospector and carried goggles set his clothes alight . his body following a blast of heat from anormally worn to protect his eyes The object departed. Shortly landed UFO.when hammering into rock. Through afterwards Michalaq observedthese goggles he observed the ground traces in the form of charred Organizations such a s theobject from close range over the earth where the object had been. Whiteshell Nuclear Researchnext half an hour, also making There were physiological effects Establishment , the US Navysketches. He noticed a bright purple from the encounter; Michalaq Hospital and the National Researchlight emanating from inside the object, suffered nausea and vomiting as well Council in addition to 2i doctorsdetected the wam1 smell of sulphur as feeling a severe pain in his head. examined 1l ichalaq over a period.and heard motor noises from within. After returning home he went to the Michalaq appears to have Michalaq was approaching closer Misericordia Hospital where he was received a dose of radiation whichwhen a door opened in the U FO and treated for first degree bums. would have been lethal had it nothe could hear voices coming from In the following week he was been of slight duration.inside. He called to the craft in examined by his family doctor. 0·er The view of the Royal Canadianseveral languages but received no those few days Michalaq lost Air Force was that the case was aresponses. He peered inside, considerable weight being unable to hoax though a Freedom ofobserving multi-coloured patterns of eat, suffered blood infection, skin lnfonnation Act request some yearslight. Eventually the opening was infections, diarrhoea and nausea. He later yielded a file 1 1 �� pages long,covered and Michalaq took some complained of burning sensations and this was acknowledged to betime to examine the outside of the and stiff joints. Of particular interest considerably abridged.object, discovering it to be hot was a pattern of bum marks on The Royal Canadi<ln :ir Forceenough to melt his glove. 1lichalaqs chest which corresponded should be congratulated on the At this point he found himself in to the exhaust vent on the object, amount of work it is prepared tofront of a grid-type vent in the side where hot air had blasted him. invest in a hoax� 53
    • "11I 111 1 11111111• N O R T H AM E R I C ANAME PATROLMAN SCHIRMER The former Chief of Police had Indeed at the time Schirmer apparently had an experience of interrupted them they were busyDATE 3 DECEMBER 1 967 contact with extraterrestrials that stealing electricity from thePLACE ASHLAND, NEBRASKA overhead power Jines with a device was somewhere between a MAP REF: J16 contactee and abduction experience. which the entities obliginglyEVENT CONTACTEE ENCOUNTER Having approached the landed object explained and went on to on the highway and suffered vehicle demonstrate to Schinner.Saw a flying saucer at the junction of interference cutting out the engine The entities themselves werehighways 6 and 63. Believe it or and lights of his car Schirmer, now approximately 5 ft (152 em) high andnot! This was the brief report made under regression hypnosis, revealed muscular with larger chests than onby patrolman Herb Schirmer in that the car was apparently the normal human frame.Ashland, Nebraska following a UFO surrounded by entities from the Apparently their head was thinnersighting in December of 1967. globular UFO. He was prevented and taller than an ordinary humanShortly after the event, and after a from drawing his revolver to defend head; they wore tight fitting silvershort stint as Chief of Police, he himself by a mental block and was grey suits and boots. Schirmerresigned from the force. There has paralyzed by the entities who fired a described their eyes as like eatsbeen a great deal of speculation that green gas gun at his car. It was at eyes, the nose was flatter and theyofficial pressure was brought to bear this time that Schirmer apparently had almost lipless mouths. Schirmerbut Schirmer is adamant that his suffered the injury to his neck when, was informed that he would be givenresignation came from him alone having been forced to wind down the a cover story which would be all hebecause he was no longer able to do window of the car, he was forcibly would remember of the event; thathis job properly. removed from it and taken on board he would recall seeing the craft land The suggestion of a brief period the UFO. and watch it fly away; and that heof missing time, some twenty The UFO is described as having would experience two return visitsminutes, and a red weal on his neck been shaped something like a football, from the aliens.was sufficient for regression glowing silver, with a bright flashing Of particular interest to thehypnosis to be used to find out light beneath. It apparently landed investigators was the emblem seenwhether or not there was a more on tripod legs and later conversation by Schirmer on the uniform of thedetailed story locked in Schirmers with the aliens indicated that it entities which he drew andmind. There was! required electricity to power it. described as that of a winged serpent. Much has been made of the connection between this and the EDWA R D U H LE R C O N D O N ancient historical stories of winged serpent sightings and gods. I n 1 966, at t h e age o f 6 4 , Condon was The aliens apparently told appointed to head up the U n i vers i ty of Schirmer that their mission was C o l o rado s study i nto U FOs - usua l ly because the Earth people do not do known subsequen tly as the Condon things in the right way. They also Commi ttee. A friend of Dr J Robert informed Schirmer that they had Oppenheimer, Condon was one of bases in the Bermuda Triangle, at North Americas foremost theoretical the polar regions and in other nuclear phys icists. He was also known locations around the world. lor taking on the estab l i shment when This case is probably more the need a rose. He must have seemed influential than any other in pointing the i deal man to lead the i mpartial to genetic manipulation as an study. However i t seems that the whole explanation for the alien visitations. project was a n Air Force public i ty trick; Schirmer said Maybe I asked if they i ts negative conclusions simply d i d not kidnapped people. I dont ta l l y wi t h the u n s o l ved case on its n les. remember, except he said they had a programme known as "breeding analysis" and some humans had been used in these experiments. 54
    • OATABASE 1 960sNAME SHANE KURZ mental difficulties; red marks on the events of 2 May apparently tilled in lower abdomen, pain and nausea and the details of the missing hours ofDATE 2 MAY 1 968 migraines, loss of menstruation, loss that date. She was drawn to thePLACE NEW YORK STATE of weight and an irrational fear of window by a voice, perhaps MAP REF: N15 telepathically, calling to her. She being examined by the doctors. SheEVENT ABDUCTION became convinced that she had to dressed, went downstairs through know more about what happened to the kitchen and outside into the cold.Shane Kurzs experiences came her on 2 May. Outside, she found herself looking a tduring the early months of 1 968 In january 1 975 she appears to a landed U F O which was apparentlywhen there were a number of UFO have had a follow-up abduction, powering down, its lights dimming.sightings in the area around her waking up to find a burn on her She saw windows and a revolvinghome in New York State and the upper chest, spots on her cheeks rim and in walking towards the UFOfirst of her own experiences was in and a purple mark on her right arm recalled being stuck in wet mud.mid-April. For several nights Miss with a pinhole in the middle. The UFO w<ls hovering in theKurz and her mother had used a Subsequent investigation corner of a field and Shane began totelescope to observe a bright cigar revealed there may have been a try to resist, wanting to return toshaped object ncar their home and strange contact a year before her her home. At one point she wasreported that they had a strange first UFO sightings, in 1 967. It was kneeling on the ground, trying tofeeling of being observed. On her last year of high school and as hide. Somehow, and the details are 15 April Shane Kurzs mother awoke she approached the school entrance unclear, she was drawn inside theher at 2 oclock in the morning one morning a figure came up UFO, into a room like a hospitalbecause of a bright flashing light alongside her and asked to share her operating room. In the room aflooding her bedroom and it was only umbrella. She thought he was a medical examination took placewhen Shane opened her eyes that stranger but he was obviously very where body samples were taken.she saw an intense light coming from human and dressed in a very human It becomes clear to her that sheoutside her bedroom. Shanes fashion. She described his eyes as is to be used to produce a hybridsisters shared the room with her and slightly slanted towards the back. human/alien baby. She resists thiscorroborated the sighting of the He apparently knew her name but with great fear but the examinationlight. Silently the light moved evaded her question as to how. goes on.upwards and then vanished. A During his conversation with Shane In a recall strikingly similar toreport was made to Griffis Air Base he had her explain what volleyball that of Betty H ill and Bettyand the Oneida County airport. and basketball were as he was Andreasson she describes a long The 2 May produced the puzzling apparently unfamiliar with these needle probed through her navel,experience which most concerned terms, a fact which she quite rightly apparently part of a gynaecolof, cal TjShane. She had been outside her found surprising and he offered her a operation. Unlike the recall of manyhouse for some time watching the ride during her lunch hour in his abductees it seems that Shane wassky when the cigar shaped UFO vehicle. She questioned him about not artificially inseminated but rapedappeared at great speed, stopped, his car but he only stressed that his by the leader of the aliens who shethen shot upwards and turned red in vehicle was white and kept pointing describes as having an apparentlycolour. Shane went to bed and fell towards a field. Reasonably enough human like body though generallyinto a deep sleep. she declined the offer. dismissed slender. She apparently enjoyed the Shane was awoken by her mother him, turned around and took just sexual experience though shewhose first question was Where three steps, turned to look back to attributes this to a jelly likehave you been ? She was apparently see where he was going and he substance smeared on her beforelying on top of her bedspread with wasnt there. She was stunned as the act commenced: a fact whichher slippers and dressing-gown on, there was no possible way he could predominates in the claims ofher clothes and her legs covered in have left the scene in that time. Antonio Villas Boas (sec page 1 8 1 ) adried mud. There were muddy Other schoolgirls at the time were decade or more earlier.footprints leading from the porch to able to corroborate that she had Many of Shanes worstthe bedroom. been with him. apprehensions about the encounter In the days following, Shane Hypnosis sessions conducted on ceased - precisely nine months afterexperienced several physical and Shane to further investigate the the eTnt. 55
    • NO RTH A M E R I CA 1 970s but Dennis was keen to investigate deliberately pacing their car but further, turning off the road and onto rather moving at the same speedNAME CALLERY CHEMICAL PLANT a dirt track near the chemical plant. and at the same place, possibly by (It is speculated that Betty and coincidence, whereas there is someDATE 14 APRIL 1 971 Barney Hill also turned off their main speculation that the Hills car wasPLACE BUTLER, PENNSYLVANIA road onto a subsidiary road where under deliberate scrutiny. However, MAP REF: N 1 6 they were abducted by the the outcome was very different; inEVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF T H E THIRD occupants of a UFO that had been the Hills case the object apparently KIND pacing their car. ) As they drove either guided the Hills off the main over the brow of a hill they could see road and its occupants thenThe case of Dennis and Marion the object hovering just above the abducted them or took advantage of(pseudonyms adopted at the ground of a ploughed field some 80 their own decision to drive off thewitnesses request for anonymity) is yds (73 m) away. main road, which was subsequentlyimportant because of the similarities Dennis drove along to the forgotten during the amnesiac blockbetween this case and that of Betty farmhouse hoping to find further apparently placed on them. Inand Barney Hill (see page 42) in the witnesses to the event but nobody Marion and Denniss case, althoughearly events and for the dissimilarity was at home. Looking across the confronted with an opportunity forof the way the encounter ended. field towards a small wood they abduction, the U FO appears to haveComparison of the two may result in could see the U FO hovering near ignored the witnesses and alloweda better understanding of both. the trees. Shortly after this a shaft them to escape. Having said that, it At approximately 8 oclock in the of white light beamed up from the has been further speculated thatevening the couple were driving top of the object. Several windows possibly in both cases the U FOsfrom Evans City to Pittsburgh on an were observed in the upper section scanned the occupants of the carsunlighted road through the of the saucer and portholes below. and in the Hills case decided theyfarmlands. They had just passed the From within the windows flickering were of use whereas in the case ofCallery chemical plant heading lights could be seen which gave the Marion and Dennis decided theytowards Butler when Marion noticed impression of lights flickering across would not be suitable for theira UFO to the right of the car. The a computer screen. purposes.object was apparently pacing the car Marion then saw two giant Ignored or rejected? Either wayat much the same speed, it was humanoid figures in the windows. Marion and Dennis seemed to haveglowing yellow-white and was silent. Prudently both witnesses leapt back been spared the frightening ordealShe estimated the object to be into the car very quickly and beat it which many abductees haveapproximately 1 00 yds (92 m) from out of there. As they drove rapidly undergone.them. Dennis slowed down to down the dirt road they could seeapproximately 10 miles ( 1 6 km) an the U FO remaining in the samehour and then also saw the object. position. NAME DAPPLE GREY LANE As in the case of the Hills the On investigation the next day DATE AUGUST 1 971 Butlers did not experience electrical researchers recorded that Marion PLACE DAPPLE GREY LANE , LOS ANGELES,difficulties with the car but pulled the was white as a sheet and shakingcar off the road for the purpose of CALIFORNIA and had undoubtedly been alarmedproperly observing and listening for MAP REF: E18 by what she had seen. Researcherssound from the object. They also confirmed that they were EVENT NON-HUMANOID CONTACTEEwatched as it flew away becoming straightforward and respectable EXPERIENCEjust a i tight point of light and then people.returnet; l < l the same point where it The case shows that the opening By far the most common descriptionhad been before . It was a classic events were very similar to that of of UFO-related entities is that of thesaucer shape, glowing luminescent Betty and Barney Hill, i. c. a bright humanoid forn1, i. c. two arms, twoand apparently the size of a small light apparently pacing the car and legs and a head containing thehouse as they watched it disappear proving itself to be a structured craft primary sensory organs raised toover a large hill. of some kind. It should be noted that the highest point. Given the variety Marion was very concerned and the witnesses in this case did not of non-humanoid forms on earthsomewhat frightened by the incident necessarily believe the object was alone, this is in itself a matter for 56
    • OATABASE 1 970ssome consideration. However, NAME ST CATHERINES )�egression hypnosis byoccasionally cases occur which have psychiatrist Dr Aphrodite Clamar DATE 16 OCTOBER 1 971anything but humanoid entities and and therapist Dr Susan Schulman PLACE ST CATHERINES, ONTARIO seemed to indicate that ]ack hadthe encounter in Dapple Grey Lanein August 197 1 is just one such MAP REF: M 1 5 been the subject of many abductionscase. EVENT ABDUCTION during his life: first a medical John Hodges and Peter examination following an abductionl�odriguez had been visiting the rroup Six members of a rock h from his pushchair at the age of twoapartment of a third friend in Dapple including the principal witness of the by creatures with big black eyes;Grey Lane, Los Angeles and they case, known only as Jack, were then a joint abduction of himself andleft in the early hours of the pulled off the road by the appearance his father when Jack was six, whichmorning. As t hey were getting into of a bright lighted UFO in the early was apparently corroborated bytheir car they noticed two seemingly hours of the morning when returning regression hypnosis on the father;alive brain-like objects on the road from a party. next an abduction a t the age of ten;ahead of them, each some 3 ft Three members of the group and finally the multiple abduction of(9 1 em) high. Hodges drove past the were taken aboard the flying saucer the group when Jack was sixteen.objects, dropped his friend off and and subjected to various medicalthen drove to his own home arriving examinations and interrogations A scene from the 1 929 film Mysteriousback some two hours later than he while the other three remained in a Island. Although it shows an imageshould have done. tranced state in their van. created decades before aliens were being Under regressive hypnosis it The aliens apparently showed an reported by U F O abductees , manyappears that the brain-like entities interest in both a recorder and drum features are remarkably similar: the dwarftelepathically projected a message kit, asking for detailed explanations shapes , pro m i nent eyes. bald domedinto Hodges mind telling him that of how they work and in fact heads and webbed fingers. Can reportedWe will meet again. When he retained one of the recorders as a abductions and science fiction imagery bearrived at his own apartment - but souvenir. a rising from a common source?be fore he left the car - he apparentlyencountered the entities again andseems to have been projected into acontrol room where humanoidentities were manipulating themachinery. There was a great deal ofimagery in the encounter and itappears that the aliens wereconcerned about our lack ofenvironmental awareness and thedamage we were doing to ourplanet. I n 1 978, during the period of theregressive hypnosis sessions,Hodges apparently encountered theentities yet again and was 1-, ven a riwarning about a coming world war. Hodges believes t hat both he andRodriguez, along with thousands ofother people, have implants in theirbrains which are designed toenhance psychic powers and thepurpose of the creaturesinterference is to help in developingthe human race. 57
    • N O RTH A M E R ICANAM E THE DELPHOS RING Considering the medical birth, though the young died shortlyDATE 2 NOVEMBER 1 971 implications of the state their son afterwards. The witnesses were was in and the possibilities invited to take a lie detector test butPLACE DELPHOS RING, KANSAS suggested by having touched the refused. MAP REF: J 1 7 glowing white powder and then Analysis of the ground traces onEVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE SECOND suffered partial paralysis, the the farm revealed some unusual KIND decision to visit the town to see the component but there was nothing reporters of a local paper rather than which demanded a non-terrestrialThe johnson farm, Delphos, any member of the medical explanation. The possibility remains Kansas. At 7 oclock in the evening profession has been one factor in that the witnesses invented some of Durel J ohnson and his wife had just reducing the credibility of the case. the details on the back of a sightingfinished supper when their son There have been many suspicions of extraordinary ground traces forRonnie returned from feeding the surrounding this event: the reasons of their own. It is onlysheep. Ronnie reported that he had J ohnsons refused to report the because of the lack of hard physicalheard a rumbling noise and had seen incident to the police; they seemed evidence which UFO eventsa mushroom shaped UFO hovering to greatly enjoy the fame and generally offer that the Delphos ringjust above the ground some 70 ft attention which their report brought has become so famous in the past(2 1 m) away from him in a group of to them; they were recipients of the twenty years.trees ncar the farmhouse. He much criticized $5, 000 award from Most modem researchdescribed it as glowing with every the Na tiona[ Enquirer for concentrates not only on thecolour of the rainbow and beaming a outstanding UFO reports; and just testimony but also on the credibilityshaft of brilliant white light towards when the extraordinary reports of of the witnesses and on that basisthe ground. Ronnie reported that he the next two years looked like this particular case might not bewas blinded and paralyzed by the overshadowing their story the UFO rated highly.event which lasted about five returned yet again, involving the minutes until the object flew away Johnson farm in yet more strange The Delphos ring appeared to have beentowards the town of Delphos. It was events. Not the least of these was dusted with a white powder which causedsome fifteen minutes before he was that sheep that had not been n u m bness i n the fingers of those whoable to focus his vision and to move serviced by rams suddenly gave touched it .and he immediately ran to thefannhouse to report the event to hisparents. His parents were disbelieving butaccompanied him outside, bothwitnessing the U FO moving towardsthe south. Erma, his mother,described it as looking like a 1-, ant riwashtub. At the site where the UFO hadbeen hovering the witnesses saw acircle glowing in the dark andnoticed that the nearby trees werealso glowing. The soil appeared tohave been dusted with a whitepowder which was touched by Mrand M rs johnson who both statedthat their fingertips had becomenumb shortly afterwards. MrsJohnson also took photographs ofthe ring while Mr johnson drove hisson into I )clphos to report the eventto the local newspaper. 58
    • DATABASE 1 970sNAME MICHEL IMBEAULTDATE 5 AUGUST 1973PLACE MONTREAL, CANADA MAP REF: N14EVENT ANOMALOUS LIGHTSAt 5. 30 in the morning, MichelImbeault and a friend were walkingnear the St Lawrence river whenthey saw a string of lights across thesky. The lights moved quickly but hetook one photograph.M ichel l mbeaults remarkable photographof a string of unidentified lights in the sky.NAME PASCAGOULA ENCOUNTER toes. But they had feet shape . . . it buzzing sound in reply. was more or less a round like thing Presumably, and understandably,DATE 12 OCTOBER 1973 on a leg, if youd call it a leg . . . I near to hysteria Hickson cannotPLACE PASCAGOULA, MISSISSIPPI was scared to death. And me with remember being removed from the MAP REF: L19 the spinning reel out there - its all I craft and his first memory is ofEVENT ABDUCTION had. I couldnt, well I was so scared, seeing Parker standing on the well you cant imagine. Calvin done ground outside with a look on hisDuring October of 1973 America went hysterical on me. face Ive never seen that sort of fearunderwent an extensive wave of The entities apparently glided up on a mans face as I saw on Calvins.UFO sightings; an extraordinary to the witnesses continuing to make It took me a while to get him back tocase during that period was the a buzzing noise, sounding something his senses and the first thing I toldabduction of shipyard workers like a machine. They were vaguely him was, "Son, nobody gonnaCharles Hickson and Calvin Parker. humanoid in shape though apart believe this. " At 7 oclock in the evening the from strange feet they also had most Hicksons description of the craftpair were fishing from a pier at the bizarre facial features, long conical is indistinct, he recalls it beingShaupeter Shipyard in Pascagoula. rods where nose and ears would approximately 8 ft (244 em) tall andAt about that time, witnesses in the normally be. Their long arms ended oblong with an opening at one endarea sighted a blue light circling in in crab like pincers and their skin and exhibiting a blue light outside.the vicinity of the shipyard. Hickson was ghostly and pale, possibly Inside the craft it was very brightand Parker did not see a light but, wrinkled. Worse was yet to come. but there was no apparent source ofsensing something behind them, Parker apparently fainted and the light.turned to see a UFO some 25-30 Hickson was lifted off the ground by Following the interview betweenyds (23-27 m) away from them and the entities and floated into the Hickson and Parker and Sheriffjust 2-3 ft (61-91 em) above the UFO. Inside, the entities apparently Diamond and Captain Ryder, eventsground. The machine was making a kept Hickson floating weightlessly occurred which give extraordinarybuzzing sound and caused some while they moved him around and authenticity to the claim. hen theconsternation amongst the while an eye like scanning object police left Parker and Hickson alonewitnesses. As Hickson stated under looked all over him. Even though the they quite deliberately left a tapehypnosis And I started to hit the entities left the room at one point recorder running, presumably in theriver, man. And Calvin just - he Hickson could not move and does hope that they would reveal theirwent hysterical. not even know if he remained hoax, if that is what it was. Instead The witnesses watched as a conscious, though he believes he of that the two of them virtuallyhatchway opened in the object and did. Recovering his senses rambled on. apparently still in a statethree entities floated out. As somewhat Hickson tried to talk to of shock but both confirmed theirHickson went on They didnt ha·e the entities but could only get a impressions of the sighting. Hickson 59
    • N O RTH AMERICA NAM E CAPTAIN COYNE DATE 18 OCTOBER 1 973 PLACE MANSFIELD, OHIO MAP REF: M 1 6 EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF T H E FIRST KIND During the night of 18 October 1973 Captain Laurence Coyne and three colleagues, Lieutenant jezzy, and Sergeants Healey and Yanacsek were flying a Bell U H - 1 H helicopter from Columbus, Ohio to Hopkins Air Force Base, Cleveland. Around 12 miles (19 km) from Mansfield, Healey noticed a single red light to the left. He paid little attention to it. just a few minutesCharles H ickson ( RIGHT) p hoto g raphed i n field ncar the town. Coming as it did later Yanacsek saw a red light to the1 990 w i t h the author. amid the October 1973 United right and he believed it was pacing States flap there had been some the helicopter. Coyne told him toleft the room at one point and Calvin publicity regarding UFOs and keep monitoring it and was shortlywas left alone and the tape recorder Greenhaw reacted positively enough told that it seemed to be closing inpicked up almost inaudible words as to take a Polaroid camera to the on them. The witnesses were nowhe prayed Its hard to believe . . . scene. paying some attention to the objectoh God, its awful . . . I know there Outside the town he apparently as it a God up there . . . encountered a tall, silver suited The object was so accurately In 1987 Charles Hickson summed creature standing in the middle of following a collision course thatup his feelings about the experience the road. With extraordinary Coyne was forced to descend atI make my living with my hands. I composure Greenhaw got out of the increasing speed. The lighthad a chance to make a million car and welcomed the entity Howdy apparently stopped and hovereddollars like Whitley Strieber back in stranger and started taking pictures over the helicopter. 197:3. I was offered all kinds of of him. When Greenhaw got back in Three of the witnesses who had amoney to let them do a movie. I the car and tumed on the flashing clear view of the object, Coyne,declined. I am still declining. Making blue police lights the creature tumed Healey and Yanacsek, stated that amoney is not what this experience is and ran ahead. cigar shaped metallic grey objectall about. Despite the fact that Greenhaw filled the front of the windshield of chased him in the car at up to the helicopter. The nose of the 35 miles (56 km) per hour the entity object contained the red light, aNAME JEFF GREENHAW outran him and indeed the chase white light at the tail and from its ended when Greenhaw spun off the underside shone a sweeping greenDATE 17 OCTOBER 1 973 gravel road. pyramid shaped searchlight which atPLACE FALKVILLE, AlABAMA Greenhaw is perhaps the classic one point flooded the helicopter MAP REF· L18 case so often mentioned in UFO lore before the object accelerated away.EVENT ENTITY PHOTOGRAPHS when considering the effect of The remainder of the flight was reporting on witnesses life styles. uneventful.At approximately 1 0 oclock in the After relating his experience on The following day Coyne wantedevening police chid Jeff Greenhaw national television he received to report the incident and impressedof Falkville, Alabama received a threatening phone calls, his wife left the flight controller at Clevelandtelephone call al his home from a him, his home was bumt down and Hopkins Air Force Base with thewoman reporting it U FO landing in a he was forced to resign his job. degree to which he was obviously 60
    • OAT ABASE 1 970sdisturbed by his sighting. Coyne troubled by their sighting, but can hill towards the place where theeventually filed an operational only have been more so when they object had either been parked orhazard form confirming a military heard the next day that another was hovering; now it was apparentlyperson exposed to danger during witness, Gary Flatter, had also seen approaching them and it was brightflight. Subsequent investigation the creatures some three hours and illuminating the whole area andshowed that the rna.1., 11etic compass earlier on the same stretch of road. disturbing dogs in the house.of t he helicopter had been rendered I lis sighting had been more Apparently it was making a sounduseless and it had to be replaced. dramatic. It confirmed the general like a lawn mower. When the story was published by descriptions .1., riven by Donathan but While they were observing thea news journal five witnesses on the Flatter, who watched the pair for object one of the boys saw two bear.I., TOund reported seeing the steady some five minutes and turned his like fi.I., res walking along the side of JUbright light above them and spotlight on them, indicated that a fence. Both the entities were tall,witnessed the encounter bet ween they kicked their feet which were over 7 ft (2 1 3 em), covered in darkthe light and the helicopter. Their covered in a box-like arrangement hair and had green-yellow eyes.observations confirmed the and just drifted away into the air at They were making baby like whiningstatements made by the crew. approximately 20-25 miles sounds and emitting the smell of The National Enquirer awarded (:32--1 0 km) per hour. burning rubber. Stephen instantlythe men a substantial prize of $5, 000 Whether this sighting truly opened fire above their heads.for the most scientifically valuable belongs in a category of U FO Undeterred by the shot thereport of 1 97:3. sightings or whether other entities continued walking towards witnesses would more easily have the trio and finally Stephen fired referred to it as a ghost sighting or three bullets directly into the largestNAME FLATIER!DONATHAN some other paranormal event is of them. One of the boys ran back to unclear. Certainly there arc enough the house very scared, the entityDATE 22 OCTOBER 1973 parallels to make it a valid inclusion that was shot apparently reactedPLACE BLACKFORD COUNTY, INDIANA in any UFO catalo.1., and it shows JUe mildly to the incident and the UFOs MAP REF: L16 very clearly that at least some lights disappeared. The creaturesEVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRD aspects of UFO encounters walked back towards the woods. KIND interface with other paranormal The area of the ground where the activity more closely than is often object had been was glowing whiteDeWayne Donathan and his wife appreciated. and for some time afterwardswere travelling home around 10 animals would not go near the place.oclock in the evening when they Three-quarters of an hour afterencountered on the road what NAM E POLASKI ENCOUNTER the beginning of the incident Stateappeared to be two fi,1, JUres dancing Trooper Byrne a ssisted Stephen in DATE 25 OCTOBER 1 973to music. As the car approached an investigation of the site and as PLACE GREENSBURG. PENNSYLVANIAthey continued dancing, apparently they were examining the glowing MAP REF: N 1 6unable to leave the road. Donathan ring they heard the sound ofbelieved that they looked as if they EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRD something large walking towardswere skipping but could not quite KIND them through the woods; they coulddetermine how they were holding hear the destruction of trees andtheir feet or arms. The Donathans At 9 oclock in the evening farmer foliage. As they moved so the soundpassed the couple and looking back Stephen Polaski and fifteen other followed them. When they stopped,De Wayne saw they were just witnesses saw a bright red U FO uncannily the sound would stop. In astanding along the side of the road. hovering high over a field. Stephen small field nearby they could see anThey turned the car round and together with two ten-year-old boys illuminated area.returned to the spot but the silver decided to go towards the field to Although somewhat scared thesuited entities were gone. In the sky investigate. trooper was all for inn·stigating thetwo separate bright lights were As they approached, the car incident but Stephen commented Iwaving up and down in an extremely headlights dimmed and they dont get paid for being brave. I modd motion. watched the object descending. not going any further. The trooper The Donathans may have been They left the car and walked up the commenced on his own but called off 61
    • N O RTH A M E R ICAthe investigation, ostensibly entity coming towards them they He then appears to have attackedbecause he was afraid that Stephen both jumped in the car and drove his own father and the investigatorin his excited state might mistake some 50 yds (46 m) out of the field and chased his dog. Finally hehim for one of the entities and shoot before they realized that they were collapsed onto the ground growlingat him. Although perfectly feasible it probably safe inside the vehicle. before coming back to his senses.might be fair to say that the trooper Investigation of the event was However, whether in a state ofhad decided on discretion being the followed up within about four hours, shock or suffering some otherbetter part of valour and few people by a local UFO study group. Ground difficulty, Stephen then becamein that situation could blame him. traces and radiation were not convinced that something was in theHowever, prudent this action the evident and the only suggestion of field and said he saw A man in abehaviour that followed was less something abnormal was a bull in a black hat and cloak carrying a sickle.than cool and calculating: when nearby field acting as if it were Stephen also became obsessedStephen noticed a brown object scared of something during the time that he was receiving contacteecoming towards them he requested they were watching. messages warning us of terribleof the trooper that he use his last During questioning Stephen catastrophe on Earth.bullet to shoot at it and the trooper apparently began to shake and The interpretation of the meaningagreed to this. Undoubtedly the two looked as if he was going to faint. He of this encounter has been theof them were both panicking to was rubbing his face, breathing subject of speculation ever since;some degree by this time. With the heavily and growling like an animal. whether or not the effect on Stephen was an external event or something internally generated PROFESSO R ALVI N LAWSON cannot easily be determined. The fact that there appears to have been Professor Alvin Lawson made a valuable wanted to d iscover the deg ree to which corroborative evidence of the UFO contribulion to the understanding of UFO deli berately false stories mi ght vary from sighting and even of some ground abductions when he and his colleagues set real reports. I n fact, there was very l i ttle traces does not itself give evidence up the i magi nary abd uctee experiments in variati on, except i n terms of emotional to Stephens state being caused Cal ifornia during the 1 970s. He took a i nvolvement. Perhaps the test subjects directly by the UFO but rather group of lest subjects who had not had read some background UFO possibly merely triggered by it. reported UFO cl ose encounters and asked stories, but the same would be true of Stephen himself has a history of them each to create a false story . He those filing reports. violence; subjected to bullying by his father, beating up a boy at his school so badly he was off school for three weeks, stopping a car and joining in a fight between two people he had no connection with and breaking into a neighbours house, doing $ 1 , 700 worth of damage and then making elaborate plans to kill the person. Whatever the truth his state of mind was a reaction to a UFO event, and possibly one of quite high strangeness. For this reason alone it would be reasonable to expect the authorities to take the UFO phenomenon seriously, either by providing citizens with an appropriate defence or response or at least by ensuring that peoples most fearful expectations are not heightened by unnecessary mystery. 62
    • : . : 1 1111111 DATABASE 1 9 70sNAME TSUTOMU NAKAYAMA dancers . That fact, and the fact that NAME CARL HIGDON ABDUCTION the UFO did not appear in otherDATE 25 APRIL 1 974 DATE 25 OCTOBER 1 974 shots on the film, suggest that thePLACE HAWAII PLACE MEDICINE BOW NATIONAL FOREST . UFO is a photographic flaw, perhaps MAP REF: A 1 7 WYOMING a lens flare. It is interesting to MAP REF: H 1 6EVENT SURPRISE PHOTOGRAPH compare Nakayamas photograph with the one taken at Salem on 1 6 EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER/ABDUCTIONWhen japanese news photographer j uly 1952 (see page 27). PhotoJ., aphic rrTsutomu Nakayama shot the picture surprises continue to occur. When out on a days hun ting trip,below he had not noticed the UFO in Carl l l igdon, an oil driller for A. l1 .the sky above the heads of t he Tsutomu Nakayamas Hawaiian surpnse . Well Service o f Riverton, Wyoming parked his company pick-up truck. I t was 4 oclock i n the aftemoon; Higdon took time to drink some coffee from a flask he was carrying. At this point he met a friend, Gary Eaton, and they discussed hunting elk. The two separated and Higdon found a suitable target elk in a nearby clearing. Higdon took aim and fired. In the next second he could not believe his eyes ! The bullet silently and slowly floated out of the end of his gun and fell gently to t he ground some 50 ft ( 15 m) away. Higdon became aware of a cone of silence surrounding t he fores t and a tingling feeling crawling up his spine. To his left a man approached who Higdon first thought was a hunter like himself. He was wrong. Although humanoid, t he man did not appear human. He had no chin or jaw and his face simply extended down to his throat. He was wearing a one piece suit with a metal belt. He had a yellow skin, a mouth but no lips and very large teeth, his eyes vere small with no eyebrows and Higdon could not see any siJ-, 1 of 1 ears. Almost unbelievably, the entity also had two antennae protruding ou t of his forehead. Behind the entity was a cube-like object some 6 ft ( 1 8] em) along each edge. I n some strange way Higdon believes he was tcleportcd into the object and he beliecs his natural fears were being suppressed by pills the entity had gien him to take. On board, Higdon may haH been 63
    • : II (� n [[fr l lll�� N O RTH A M E R I CA •·somewhat alarmed to have seen that NAME TRAVIS WALTON ABDUCTIONthe five elk he had been previously DATE 5 NOVEMBER 1 975attempting to shoot were now also PLACE SNOWFLAKE, ARIZONAin a compartment alongside him. MAP REF: G18Higdon makes no particular attemptto explain the obvious dimensional EVENT ABDUCTIONproblems, accepting the quiteextraordinary strangeness of the When the American governmentevent. issued a contract to clear trees in Instantly, an entity appeared in the Sitgraves National Park inthe room beside him and wired Arizona they could have had no ideaHigdon up to machinery via a helmet of the extraordinary story they wereplaced over his head. Somehow he about to unleash. The contract wasbelieves he was either transported awarded to a seven-manto, or made to feel as though he was woodcutting team which includedtransported to, the home planet of the cases principal witness Travisthe aliens where he saw tall Walton and his brother Duane.platforms and bright lights before Mter the days work was overbeing returned to Earth. they were driving back to their base When Higdon was found by a when all the witnesses saw a largesearch party he was resting in his golden UFO hovering over thetruck, exhausted, the vehicle axle trees. It seemed to be solid, withwas stuck deep in the middle of a windows and a fairly classical flyingravine and it took a tow truck to pull saucer shape complete with cupola The cover of T ravis Walto n s book whichit out. on top. Travis Walton jumped from relates h i s incred ible five-day a bducti o n . During regression hypnosis the truck and ran towards the objectsessions following the event one while the other six shouted for him murdered Walton and they sought toparticular detail gives some cause to come back. Little could they clear their name. One of the six wasfor alarm; Higdon apparently saw ­ know that it would be some days apparently too agitated to take theon the aliens home planet - ordinary before he would heed their cries! test but the other five did and theadult and child humans possibly A blue ray shot from the object, administrator of the test, Cy Gilson,prisoners of the aliens or possibly hitting Walton and knocking him stated I gotta say they passed thebred on their home world. Higdon back into the trees. Perhaps test. Fortunately for them, andreported that he was unable to talk understandably the remaining indeed for Walton, the missing manwith them. members of the gang fled the area in turned up late that night. Higdon has speculated that he the truck and drove straight to the His story was that he had beenwas in effect rejected by the aliens local police who instigated a search. abducted by the UFO and foundas unsuitable for their purpose Walton was nowhere to be found. himself in a room being examined bybecause he had had a vasectomy. It is significant that three of the gang aliens very familiar on the NorthThis would seem to give support to refused to join the search party or to American continent, i . e. palethe now current theory that the go back into the woods at night and hairless skin, large domed heads,aliens arc visiting the Earth on a according to Sheriff Ellison who large eyes and reduced physicalproh rrammc of genetic breeding headed the search party One of the features. Walton also recalls seeingexperimentation. men was weeping. If they were a very human like person on board There appears to be some lying,· they were damned good the saucer and recalls the image ofcorroboration of the event; actors. what appeared to be either a spacemembers of the search party looking The search went on for five days flight or the holo!, aphic projection of rrfor Higdon saw strange glowing at the end of which the witnesses one. Walton also took a polygraphlights in the trees around the area. took poly!, aph tests at the Arizona rr test under Dr Gene Rosenbaum ofThere were also other reports of State Office of Public Safety. They Durango, Colorado who stated ThisUFO lights around Wyoming at the were apparently concerned that it young man is not lying . . . he reallysame time. was rumoured that they had believes these things. 64
    • I 1 1111111 DATABASE 1 980s 1 980s The Walton case was one that It appears certain that the threebecame a boxing ring for various witnesses were subjected to someAmerican U FO J.., Toups. One J.., JToup NAME CASH/LANDRUM ENCOUNTER form of radiation and, even moreclaimed that he had failed polygraph alarming, the presence of the DATE 29 DECEMBER 1980tests, that his previous criminal military helicopters suggests that PLACE DAYTON, TEXAS the UFO - on this occasion at least ­record and interest in the subject of MAP REF: K19 was terrestrial: some form ofUFOs was against him and that thewhole story had been fabricated to EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE SECOND unshielded nuclear source was beingexplain why he was late in delivering KIND transported across the Texas skies.on the contract which would have Even if the object were a crash­incurred him financial penalty. The Vickie Landrum, her grandson retrieved extraterrestrial craft thenfact that the gang also received a Colby Landrum and their friend at the time of the encounter it was in$5, 000 prize for their story has been Betty Cash were driving in the late terrestrial hands.regarded as a motive for the claims. evening/early night towards Dayton Believing the object to have beenOther J.., Toups have adopted him in Texas when they witnessed a American in design the two adultbelieving him to be sincere. huge glowing object descend to witnesses sued the United States While the passing of time makes treetop height above the road in government for $20 million but theit unlikely that any conclusion will front of them. case was dismissed on the groundsever be drawn about this case the The witnesses were frightened that the Americans did not havefact that none of the many witnesses by the encounter but left the car to such an object in their possession.has ever come forward to denounce see what was happening although Senior officials of the Air Force, thethe story, although any one of them young Colby Landrum begged them Army, the Navy and the civiliancould probably make substantial to get back inside which they space agency all tes tifiedsums of money by doing so, speaks eventually did. I t was Betty Cash categorically that the object was notTeatly in its favour.b who remained outside the car for the of their making. longest period of time. The UFO The final stories on this case appeared to be indistinct though cannot yet have been writtenNAM E FALCONBRIDGE generally diamond shaped with long because the American government flames bursting down from below. now appears to have a serious wasDATE 1 1 NOVEMBER 1 975 Of most interest is that the alternative to face; if the objectPLACE FALCONBRIDGE, ONTARIO witnesses also identified some American then the law suit should MAP REF: N14 twenty-four Chinook twin blade succeed and a few prominent headsEVENT RADAR/VISUAL ENCOUNTER helicopters escorting the U FO at a may well have to roll. It appears that distance. They followed it in their those heads are resisting thatFollowing a period of UFO sightings car for a period of time before alternative. However, the onlynear the USNCanadian border in reaching home less than an hour other option is that the object wasautumn 1975, the 1 1 November after the encounter. The after­ not American. Be it terrestrial orbrought a radar tracked UFO, effects of the sighting have been extraterrestrial this means thatconfirmed by visual sighting, at the horrific! someone other than Americansradar sites at Falconbridge, Ontario. Vickie Landrum suffered a were toting an unshielded nuclear Radar detected a U FO some temporary loss of hair and inflamed source over Texas that night and30 miles (48 km) south of the site at eyes for a time, Colby appears to since it clearly has not yet beena height somewhere between have suffered similar effects. identified then it must rate as a25, 000 and 70, 000 ft (7, 620- Betty Cash, who spent the UFO. If tllis is the course they2 1 , 336 m). The U FO appeared as a majority of the time outside the car, continue to take, the Americanlarge globe with porthole or crater suffered vomiting and diarrhoea, government can therefore neverlike formations around the outside. impaired vision, various aches and again state - as they ha·e done so Two F - 1 06 fighters from the Air pains across her body and blistering often in the past - that LJFOs haveNational Guards squadron at to the scalp. She suffered temporary no national security implications.Selfridge Air Force Base in Michigan hair loss and developed breast Vllich course the Americanwere sent aloft to intercept the cancer which required a government ill choose to take onlyUFO, but no contact was made. mastectomy. tin1e will tell. 65
    • N O RTH A M E R ICANAME KATHIE DAVIS ABDUCTIONS total of nine babies, the implication being that they arc hers.DATE 30 JUNE 1 983 The case continues and Hopkins,PLACE COPLEY WOODS, INDIANA who carried out the regression MAP REF: L1 6 hypnosis sessions in the presence ofEVENT MULTIPLE LIFETIME ABDUCTIONS a doctor, believes that the aliens are undergoing a series of examinationsThe Kathie Davis case, investigated and that her son Robbie is now theby top American abduction subject of abductions.researcher Budd Hopkins, can The case is heavily dependent onprobably be regarded as the current regression hypnosis with very littlestate of the art in abduction lore. of the detail being remembered On :�O june 1 983 Kathie Davis (a consciously. H opkins has also statedpseudonym used to protect the that there are many facts he has notidentity of the witness) saw lights yet made public hoping they will beapparently searching the garden of corroborated in other cases.her house and she went out to see The face of an alien abd ucto r , d rawn bythem. It appears that because she Kath ie Davi s .drew attention to herself she NAME JAPAN AIR LINESreceived a blast of radiation, was body. In 1979 Kathie was abducted DATE 17 NOVEMBER 1 986abducted, and then possibly had a again and a probe inserted into her PLACE ANCHORAGE AIRPORT, ALASKAdevice implanted into her by means nose possibly implanting some sort MAP REF: C8of a probe. of monitoring device. However, the j une 1983 1983 bq.,1]ns with the incident of EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE FIRSTencounter appears to be one of the lights in her garden which KINDmany throughout her life. inspired her to contact Budd There are vague suggestions of Hopkins. Some months later it Notable mainly for the sheer size ofabductions in her very early years; would appear that she was abducted the UFO involved, the encounter ofKathie has a dream of her mother again and subjected to a gruelling the crew ofjapan Air Lines cargoprotecting her from a threat in the medical examination, which left her flight No. JAL 1628 on 1 7 Novembersky by hiding her in a wardrobe. On bleeding and when she reawakened 1 986 attracted considerable interest.another occasion she recalls going to she was in her own backyard in her The plane was flying from Francea strange house and meeting a little nightgown. Most incredibly of all she to j apan and was making a stopoverboy. Hopkins believes this is a false believes that during this abduction at Anchorage airport. At :39, 000 ftmemory implanted by an alien to she met a child which was her hybrid ( 1 1 , 887 m) and preparing fordisguise her abduction. They took a alien daughter. descent, Captain Kenju Terauchisample of her skin; Kathie has a scar In a further abduction in and his crew noticed lights near theon her leg which is regarded as November 198:3, it appears that jumbo jet. They were flying parallelevidence of this event. Kathie was subjected to medical and pacing the aircraft and Terauchi In I >ccember 1 977, Kathie was examination and her ova contents briefly saw the object carrying theabducted from a car, the other were removed by aliens. There is lights, which he described as walnutoccupants were apparently some suggestion that her son shaped and twice the size of answitched off to isolate them from Tommy was also abducted at this aircraft carrier.the incident. She was taken aboard a time. I t appears that Tommy was The UFO apparently paced theflying saucer and given the first of abducted again in February 1986 and plane for over half an hour and wasmany gynaccolo� 1]cal operations. Kathie accidentally witnessed the radar-tracked by air traffic control.Hopkins believes that time she was alien emerging from his bedroom. Captain Terauchi had his ownartificially inscmin;J ted by the aliens. A further abduction takes place rather unique interpretation of the A further abduct ion occurred in from Kathies home in April 1 986. interest of the aliens, if that is whatMarch 1978 and Hopkins believes She is shown two babies and allowed they were. We were carryingthat during this event t he unborn to name them and bond with them Beaujolais from France to japan.foetus was removed from Kathies though she is told that there is a Maybe they wanted to drink it. 66
    • OAT ABASE 1 980sNAME GULF BREEZE CASE Mr Ed experienced a considerable depositing aliens ont o t he road number of sightings, each one which then a ppea red t o come aftvrDATE 1 1 NOVEMBER 1987 (TO THE PRESENT preceded by a peculiar buzzing hirn. Apparently he wa s able t o gd DAY) sound in his head. The investigators in t o his truck and dri e off t o escape c a p t u re .PLACE GULF BREEZE, FLORIDA believe this may have been the In Felmtary 1 9HH M r Ed had ;1 1iv MAP REF: M19 product of an implant placed in hisEVENT MULTIPLE PHOTOGRAPHIC CASE head at t he time of an abduction detector test and the examiner was early in his life and designed to $-. ve ri firmly persuaded that llr Ed t rulyI n 1 �87, Gulf Breeze, the offshore him warning of t he impending arrival believes that the photographs andarea of Pensacola, Florida became of the saucers. personal sightings are true andthe site of the most extraordinary O ver the five to six month period fact ual to the best of his ability. photographic case and one which has Mr Ed took dozens of photographs, The 1 May 1 988 date is import;m tcaused considerable controversy in to some extent under controlled as it was then that M r Ed had anthe United States ever since. conditions. Optical physicist Bruce encounter which he believes may This is the first case in which a Maccabee, the chainnan of the Fund have bee n an abduction during whichlarge number of photographs were for U FO Resea rch, set up a system the implant which forewarned him ofused to support an abduction. At the of stereo photography, to give an his sightings was removed. I t issame time that the events were almost three-dimensional effect, by further speculated t hat the reasonoccun·ing, the case was being <1tlaching t wo Polaroid cameras to t hat this was removed W<ls becausestudied by an investigation team. It each side of a wooden pole and with UFO investigators were closing theis also alleged that there were a further pole extending between net and had suggested that he ha·emultiple witnesses. The them as a reference point. Later, a CAT scan to iden tify the objectphotographs taken have been controlled experiments included implanted in his brain.subjected to a thorough !-, ving Mr Ed a scaled N imslo three­ ri A provisional summary of theinvestigation using modem dimensional camera which also case issued by M UFON suggestedphoto$-, rraphic techniques. produced pictures of the craft, which that they believed the case to be On 1 1 November 1 987 the was also picked up on video. genuine. More recently thewitness (known generally a s Mr Mr Ed also claims that on invest igating t eam have made aEd) took five Polaroid photographs � December, having been roused public statement that they believeof a U FO seen in the sky beyond his out of bed by noises in his garden, t hat it was indeed a genuine case andhome at G ulf Breeze in Florida. he pulled back the curtains of his not the fraud or hoax which manyWhile taking the last picture Mr Ed French doors and was eyeball to other investigators had suggested.was apparently attacked by t he eyeball with an alien entity who, Other investigators have beenflying saucer which paralyzed him extraordinarily, he chased ­ less generous and belice that theirwith a blue beam of light and lifted although it apparently got away. own ;malysis of the photographshim into the air, nearly choking him. Unfortunately M r Ed was not indicates that the object is a smallDuring this incident M r Ed reported able to take photographs of t he model supported by stru t s and thata very bizarre image which appeared humanoid but his description of it therefore the whole case is ain his mind and seemed similar to gives some indication that it matches complete fabrication. Such is theflicking through pages of pictures of the claims of many American controversy in t he United Statesdogs in a book. M r Ed sent his witnesses. His drawing of the t hat im·estigators who haepictures to t he local Florida Sentinel creature indicates that it had the successfully worked toge ther fornewspaper and by coincidence the same eyes as t hose recently made many years are now at loggerheadsmother of the editor and her famous by the front cover of Whitley with each other. Some appear to behusband, a fom1er editor, also Stricbers book Communion. disseminat ing ·i11ually slanderousspotted a similar UFO in the sky at On 12 January M r Ed was driving comments about each othersthe same time that M r Ed had been from his home when he encountered capabilities or personaltaking his photographs. In response the same U FO hoering over the characteristics in order to promoteto the article a further witness M rs road ahead of him and he was or discredit t he case.Zammit also reported seeing the paralyzed by the blast of a white llr Ed has his own story to t e ll,same blue beam. beam from it. As he hid under his and indeed has t old it i n his own From then until l May 1 988 t ruck he witnessed the UFO bestselling book. 67
    • orth America, and particularly the United daylight. Until 1 952 these reports seemed to satisfy N States, is - as the scope and size of the the American need. In that year, however, the subject database suggests - the home of the UFO underwent its first major change which viewed with phenomenon. It was born on that continent, hindsight was inevitable. George Adamski (see pageon 24 June 1 947, when pilot Kenneth Arnold reported 28), reported not only seeing flying saucers at closethat he had witnessed nine objects in flight while flying quarters, but also claimed to meet with the extra­in the Cascade mountains of Washington State (see terrestrial pilots, in the desert in California. Inpage 1 5). Although by todays standards, it was a very subsequent adventures Adamski claimed he was takenunimpressive sighting - of short duration by a single on tours of the planets of the solar system. It is a claimwitness, of indistinct objects, and seen at some that has not stood the test of time; the planetsconsiderable distance - it had enormous social signifi­ Adamski apparently visited have been shown in recentcance. When Arnold told reporters afterwards that the years to be quite incapable of supporting anything likeobjects had moved like a saucer would if you skipped humanoid life. Adamskis books sold well though, ait across the water, one reporter coined the phrase fact which may have encouraged others to follow himflying saucer. It was the perfect term for the mood of in the next few years.the times, a name that the public was instantly drawn In 1 96 1 , less than a decade later, the phenomenonto. It was also the most powerful advertising slogan changed again. While driving from Canada to theirever coined. home in New Hampshire state, a married couple, The UFO hCls continued to live in the US ever Betty and Barney Hill (see page 42), claimed that theysince. Certainly the phenomenon has siblings and were abducted by the alien pilots of a flying saucer.cousins in every country in the world; as this book These were not the graceful, gentle aliens Adamskishows it is far from a solely North American had met who had shown such concern for theexperience. However, the public acceptance of UFOs well-being of human kind; these were dwarf, alienis far higher there, particularly in the United States, fom1s, and their interest seems to have been virtuallythan anywhere else in the world. The uncritical clinical. During their two-hour captivity the Hills wereacceptance of the more extraordinary theories regard­ subjected to a medical examination of the mosting UFOs is also wider there. The media in the US frightening nature. Such abductions have continued tohave helped to make the subject there respectable, be reported up to the present day, but the sequelsthough also one of raJ..,ring controversy. Only Britain have been increasingly frightening. Probably the statecomes close to the American response to UFOs, and of the art abduction at the present time is the Kathiethis is largely America-driven. Davis case (see page 66) where the witness is The UFO has matured in North America, indeed claimed to have undergone a series of abductionsthere more than anywhere else it has evolved, and throughout her life. It appears that she was artificiallymutated. Some aspects of the subject have undergone inseminated during one abduction, in a later abductiona complete metamorphosis. In the early days UFO (or the foetus was stolen from her womb and - in a stillflying saucer) reports consisted of night-time lights in further event - she was allowed to meet with herthe sky, or discs and egg shaped objects seen in the hybrid alien offspring. 68
    • I •llllllll i l llll ll • · FROM SAUCERS TO CONSPIRACIESLEFT Major Donald E Keyhoe was a p romi nent and vociferousopponet to UFO cover-up by the mil itary, and took everyopportunity to challenge the official line. He put a g reat deal ofpressure on the establishment with such books as The FlyingSaucers Are Real (RIGHT) . The UFO phenomenon had changed from being There are other mutations of the phenomenonfascinating, to being fascinating and disturbing. It was that seem uniquely American; perhaps the mostlike science fiction, but a science fiction that could obvious is the appearance of the men in black. It hashappen to you, or you. It does not matter if you think never been very clear precisely who these charactersthe whole phenomenon to be one of wish-fulfilment or were supposed to be; they were repressive indi­fantasy; whereas before it might have been a pleasure viduals who rode around in squeaky-clean Cadillacsto be so affected, now it would be immensely and threatened UFO witnesses with Mafia stylefrightening. hints, suggesting strongly that they keep silent about Both the Arnold case and the Hill case raise an their sightings. Obvious candidates would seem to beinteresting point about North American ufology. In agents of the CIA or the FBI either on a very strange neither case were the claims the first to be made in and non-productive mission, or just having a laugh atthe world, but they were the first to gain media the expense of a fringe subject. Other suggestionsrecognition. Prior to both these cases Europe had are that they were born in the ilaury Island case (seeundergone the Foo Fighters (see page 79) of the page 14), and were agents of the Atomic Energy World War Two aerial combat arena, Scandinavia had Commission. Eventually, the claims were made - experienced the Ghost Rocket sightings (see page 80) inevitably - that the men in black had a vested and South America had seen the first abduction claim interest in silencing witnesses - they were them­ in the case of Antonio Villas Boas (see page 1 8 1 ) . selves the aliens! One report suggested that they However, these new and - for the times - innovative were trying to blend in with the human community by, claims seemed unable to gain an acceptance outside for example, using heavy make-up and lip-stick.America until they had first become acknowledged Unfortunately they got it all wrong - the men wore the there. It is as if the world prefers either for America to make up, proving [ ! ] their extraterrestrial lack of sanction extraordinary claims before it will consider earthly knowledge . .. them, or to avoid being the first to look foolish, even if No-one has ever successfully explained these America is prepared to jump in with both feet. very marked differences between America and the 69
    • N O RTH A M E R ICArest of the world, though Dennis Stacys opening human counterparts inside the Pentagon. Others stillcomments are enlightening coming as they do direct fear a worse scenario: that the government knowsfrom within the USA. something so horrific that the public must not be told. One fact that might have coloured the develop­ I n fact, the cover up is most likely to be a cover upment of the subject is the prize offered by the of ignorance rather than knowledge. The UnitedNational Enquirrr - a tabloid publication - of $5, 000 States does not appear to be a country that maintainsper year for the best UFO story. Certainly some of major cover ups successfully in the long term, andthe most extraordinary claims have been awarded the the holding of crashed flying saucers and dead aliens issum - many are included in the database in this book ­ major by any standards. Such a cover up is alleged tothe Travis Walton case (see page 64), the Delphos have gone on for over forty years and would havering (see page 58) , the Coyne encounter (see page involved hundreds if not thousands of people; yet the60), and so on. But if this led witnesses to make false American President could not cover up his own actionsclaims, and if some of those claims were regarded as and the actions of his aides for the two more yearsreal, then surely that alone would not account for the needed to see out his last term of office in the 1 970s.subject, after all the Enquirer was not paying for Such crash retrieval stories are also uniquelyclaims from South America and Africa, and so on, yet American; although other countries, such as Australia,they came in too. It must be said though that a $5, 000 have the wide open spaces and military installationsreward for extraordinary stories would be totally that seem to be favoured by the more clumsy of theirresponsible if ufology had offered it; we cannot blame extraterrestrial spaceships.. No other country hasthe Enquirer for doing what comes naturally but produced this rash of such stories. A recent claim thatperhaps must take account of the effect it had. a similar event had happened in Africa has proved to One other suggestion made is that the US is both be a ludicrous fraud. We must assume that thea more open society able to accept new concepts and Russians, for example, also benefit from theseat the same time a xenophobic one, fearing outside downed saucers, or that they are being very generousinvasion. It is a country that has never had its mainland in allowing America the advantage of learning from thisborders attacked and the two famous situations where incredibly advanced technology. In any other cir­it appeared that this might be happening provoked cumstance we might have expected Russian espion­remarkable responses. In 1 9:�8 Orson Welles broad­ age, if not a full scale Russian attack, on Wrightcast a radio version of The War of the Worlds as if it Patterson Air Base, where - it is speculated - allwere genuinely happening; there was extraordinary UFOs are sent and stored, to equalize the balance ofpanic in the population including evacuation of homes. power as with atomic secrets, space technology and In 1 94 1 it was feared that the coast of Los Angeles so on. Yet the Russians seem happy to let thewas being invaded by japanese fighter planes, which Americans get on with this one. was quite unfounded, but the resulting chaos caused Unfortunately America must also be said to be the several deaths and destruction of property. home of the fraudulent claim. It is quite likely that The average Americans relationship with his or some of the more extraordinary documents seeming her government has also affected the direction of ufology to support crash retrievals were created by ufologists in recent years, and again in a way that seems to in support of their beliefs (and their lecture circuithave been more extreme than that caused by similar income! ). Since, in the past few years, ufology hassituations in other countries. There has been great become big bucks, fraudulent claims are increasing.distrust of the governments honesty with regard to These negative considerations apart, America isUFOs; claims abound that the government is covering responsible for much of the very significant effort thatup its knowledge of UFOs. Indeed, documents has gone into UFO research in the past four decadesreleased under the Freedom Of Infonnation Act have and more. The private research organizations thererevealed that there has been some cover up. Claims are more active than similar groups anywhere else inby the FBI and the CIA that they had no interest in the world. Notable amongst them is MUFON - thelJFOs and were not investigating them have also been Mutual UFO Network in Texas, and CUFOS - the J .shown to be quite false. Unfortunately, this cover up Allen Hynek Center for UFO Studies.has helped colour in a conspiratorial picture. As a Of private individuals that country has producedresult many in America believe that the government more informed researchers than any other. jacqueshas retrieved crashed flying saucers, and dead alien Vallee and john Keel have consistently shown the waybodies. ( Hhcrs believe that aliens work alongside to radical thinking into the phenomenon, and their 70
    • I I ! � J l. : 1 I; . :Ii FROM SAUC E R S TO CONSPI RAC I E Sbooks have had a great eifect well beyond the always exhibi ting the very best effort s ; :1 1 1 emphasisAmerican borders. on the scient ific st yle of study ;mel a determina t ion to I n the early years there was much high level be ra tional in his thinking and leadership. It w ; 1 s heinvolvement in U FO s tudy; Major Donald Keyhoe who talked of the escalation of h y pothese s , w;1rningbecame a most vociferous exponent of the ex tra­ that it was improper to assume the e x t ra ord inaryterrestrial t heory, and wrote many books trying to before the ordinary had first been succe ssfully e l i m i n ­highlight his own governmen ts apparent lack of a ted. l l yneks dea th has left a void in ufology that hasproper comm i tment to the subject. l ie also suggested not yet been filled. and it is a void that reaches acro s sthe idea of a lure designed to a t tract and capture t h e world. I f o ther countries took their lead fromvisi ting extraterrestrial s - the hunted turning hunter - America in the early years, it was at least a strong, ifbased on a Canadian idea of the 1 950s of offering sometimes a headstrong lead. Today, it is bothU FO s a specified landing field from which contact confused and leaderless. l l ynek s death and themight be mutually arranged. a ttempts to replace him have left a very violen t po·er One name tha t cannot go unmentioned in this struggle in America which is damaging ufology theintroduction is that of I >r J. Allen l lynek, who gave his world over. Those who would-be-l l ynek are insub­name to the Center for UFO Studies on his death in s tantial shadows of the real man.1 986. A professional astronomer, he was engaged by That leaderless lead has produced one erythe United States Air Force to investigate a nd debunk damah Tj_ng effect, to which I )ennis Stacy refers in histhe flying saucer stories, to produce a final investiga­ commentary; that of litigat ion by Americans. mostly intion of the subject that would rid the Air Force of what pursuit of their more absurd theories. As one of thethey perceived to be their problem. Far from succeed­ nat ion s affected by this new trend , B ritain now looksing, Hynek became convinced that there was indeed wit h more suspicion a t the American continent, and ­something extraordinary that needed to be investi­ it must be admitted - with more su spicion at the verygated properly. When the Air Forces final official foundation of ufology. I las it always been just a gameinves tigation, Project Blue Book , was closed down in of extremists pursuing the great American dollar?1969 Hynek fom1ed the Center for UFO Studies from Surely not. The sheer weight of substantial e·idencethe hard core of scientists he had worked with over in support of some extraordinary phenomenon is toot he years. The y had been known a s the I nvisible hTeat to be dismissed that simply. Nonetheless. weCollege, now they were becoming visible. Through­ must trust that au thorita tive UFO groups strive toout the remainder of his life I l ynek doggedly pursued avoid a situation which could result in the USA losingthe UFO phenomenon through its many evolutions, its well-respected lead position in world ufology.Pro1ect Blue Book was the last UFO AirForce investigation . AsovE D r J AllenHynek. who was engaged by Project BlueBook to debunk UFOs; he becameconvinced of their reality and went on tobecome the most famous ufolog1st of alltim e . R IGHT Seated is M ajor HectorOuintinilla. head of Project Blue Book 71
    • PUBLIC AWARENESS OF FLYING SAUC ERS WAS THUS WIDE SPREAD IN EUROPE AT THE SAME TIME AS CHEWING-GUM, C O CA-COLA AND THE OTHER AME RICANA THAT THE MARSHALL PLAN TOOK TO EUROPE AFTE R WORLD WAR I I . KEY T O MAP O F EUROPECD Historical Perspective, Sardinia , Roman Mediterranean ® Dr ·x· . Southern France0 The I rish Airship, Cloera, I reland @ Kathryn Howard, Southern Sweden0 The Birth of the Foo Fighters, Schweinfurt, Germany @ The lmjarvi Encounter, lmjarvi, Southern Finland@ Swedish Ghost Rockets. Lake Ktilmjarv, North Sweden @ The Maarup Encounters, Hadersley, Jylland , Denmark® Greek Ghost Rockets, Salonika, Thessatia, Greece ® The Peter Day Film, Long Crendon, Oxfordshire , England® Oloron, Oloron-Ste Marie, Pays Basques, France @ Langford Budville Encounter, Langford Budville, Somerset.0 Wolin Island Sighting , Wolin Island, Szczecin, Poland England® The Stephen Darbishire Photographs, Coniston, Cumbria, England @ Torino Sighti n g , Caselle Airport, Torino, Italy® W�gierska Gorka Encounter, W�gierska Gorka , Poland ® The Vilvorde Humanoid, Vilvorde , Brussels, Belgium@) The Dewilde Encounter, Quarouble, France @ The Anders Encounter. Gustavslund, Sweden@ Sinceny Misjudgement, Sinceny, Aisne, France @ M rs Anderssons Encounter, Stiderby , Gustavslund. Sweden® Flight Lieutenant Salandins Encounter. Thames Estuary, ® The Bellingeri Sighting , Piedmont, Alessandria, Italy England ® The Aveley Abduction , Aveley, Essex, England@> The UFO Fleet, Rome, Italy ® The Trident Sighting, Portuguese Coast, 40 miles (64 km) south of@ Namur Photographic Case. Namur, Belgium Lisbon. Portugal@ Bentwaters/Lakenheath , Suffolk, England @ The Aviano Blackout, Aviano NATO Base. North-east Italy@ Angelu Encounter. Figueras. Catalonia , Spain @ The Sardinia Helicopter Encounter, Cagliari , Sardinia. Italy® Vaddo Retrieval , Vaddo. Roslagen , Sweden @ Medinaceli Abduction, Medinaceli, Soria, Spain@ Gydnia Humanoid , Gydnia Harbour, Gdansk, Poland @l The Mount Etna Encounter, Mount Etna, Sicily, Italy® The Jelly Entities of Sweden, Domsten, Southern Sweden @ The Flying Elephant, Southampton, England® The Batman Encounter. Saltwood, Kent, England @ Piastow Encounter, Piastow, Near Warsaw, Poland® Kallavesi Lake, Kuopio, Finland @ Czluchow Sighting, Czluchow, Poland® Valensole Sighting, Valensole, Southern France @ The Livingston Encounter, Livingston, Lothian. Scotland@ Coquil Encounter, Bolazec, France @ Cergy-Pontoise Abduction, Cergy-Pontoise. France@ The Hook Vehicle Interference, Hook, Hampshire, England @ Godfrey Encounter, Todmorden, West Yorkshire. England@ The Moigne Downs Encounter. Moigne Downs, Dorset, England @> Rendlesham Forest, RAF/USAF Woodbridge, Suffolk. England® Serra de Almos Encounter, Serra de AI mos . Spain ® Hessdalen Lights . Hessdalen Valley, Norway
    • t will be no surprise that as Europe is only a closely following news of sightings from the USA. I geographical expression, a unified European Public awareness of flying saucers was thus wide­ ufology does not exist. The language barrier spread in Europe at the same time as chewing-gum, has long been an obstacle in developing a Coca-Cola and the other Americana that the Marshallcommon framework of any kind in Europe - let alone plan took to Europe after World War 1 1 . In the autumnin the field of ufology. Indeed, even if we limit of 1 954 a second widespread great wave of flyingourselves to the eighteen countries of Western saucer sightings and landings took place throughout allEurope, as many as fourteen different lanh TUages are the countries of Europe, and as a consequence morespoken, and local ufologists are often unable to and more people began to take an interest in theunderstand any language other than their own. subject in the following years. As a consequence, those countries with languages It should be repeated that two different levels ofother than English and French have had fewer national ufologies may be considered, according to theexchanges with other nations, both in tenns of input spoken l<mh TUage: as English and French are widelyand output and it is possible that as many national read and spoken, the early B ritish and Frenchufologies as there are European languages have ufolo!-, is ts were able to reach a wider audience within rdeveloped over the past forty-odd years. ufology, while those speaking other languages could European flying saucer sightings were already not. Indeed just about every history of ufology (eventaking place in 1 94 7 and even earlier than that: suffice the American-centered ones) mentions Frenchmenit to mention the foo fighters of World War I I , on the Aime Michel or J immy Guieu, whose books wereGennan front in 1 941-1 5 (see page 79) and the also translated into English. This often resulted inScandinavian ghost rockets scare of 1 946 (see page more being known about some small, local English�0). We should distinh TUish between the phenomenon hToups than of important, say, Spanish or Swedish( UFO sightings and reports) and its study (ufology). researchers.While anomalous aerial phenomena reports in Europe It is also important to remember that no Europeanwere contemporary with (if not older than) the country ever had anything similar to the US Air ForceAmerican ones, they were not always labelled as flying involvement or equivalent to its Project Blue Book.saucers in those early years. This situation did not change very much even when Since there were no ufologists at that time, we the first organized national ufologies surfaced in mosthave to re ly on the press coverage of such events in European coun tries, mainly in the 1 960s: the B ritishorder to learn of the social impressions UFOs made UFO Research Association ( B U FO RA) in the Unitedwhen it all began. It is easy to see that saucers were at Kingdom; the Centro de Estudios lnterplanetariosfirst regarded as nothing more than another of those ( C E [ ) in Spain; the Centro Unico Nazionale (CUN) inAmerican follies, and e v e n those (few) local reports I taly, and so on.published in the media were not seriously considered. The only journal of truly international stature inThe year l I F( )s re;tlly arrived in Europe was 1 950: the Europe has been the British Flying Saucer Reviewspring of tha t year saw the first real waves of UFO (FSR) published since 1 955. It has often been in itsreports in E ur o p e ( France, I t aly, Spain, the UK), pages that UFO events and research from the 74
    • •II !; 1 1 1 111 11 111 A C O M M O N E U R OPEAN UFOLOGY?non-English-speaking European countries could be Silbury Hill in southern England . This huge man-made hill is thefound. Nonetheless, the very first attempt at a focus of much attention by those concerned w1th the powers ofrationalistic approach to UFOs came from France as ancient man . and paranormal activity . It is also close toearly as 1958, when Aime Michel published his book Warminster. the centre of much UFO activity i n Wiltshire .on orthoteny (straight line theory), attempting toshow that U FO sightings in the French wave of 1954 the history of ufology through the 1960s and 1970s,were aligned along straight lines. mostly following the impulse from 0!orth America. The birth of scientific ufology may also be traced It was during this period that the first realback to Europe. It was a young French-born scientist, differences in interpretation between �orth Americaastronomer jacques Vallee (who later moved to the and Europe occurred. The schism was caused by the USA), who published the first scientific UFO books in so-called new ufology, which was initiated by Amer­the mid-sixties. We have to acknowledge that E uro­ ican researchers as early as 1969 but soon abandonedpean ufologies as a whole retained only a minor role in in the USA. It made a big impact in some European 75
    • EU R O PEUFO circles, and the effect may still be seen in the another of Jacques Vallees books, The Invisible1990s. Once again, it all began in the USA, when two College ( 1 975). Several French UFO writers weresimilar books were published by journalist John A. heavily influenced by that, and parapsychologicalKeel and scientist Jacques Vallee. They both consi­ ufology prevailed in the French UFO journals be­dered a non-extra-terrestrial explanation for the origin tween 1975 and 1 979. Among the most interestingof UFOs which, they suggested, might instead be authors are Jean Giraud, Jean-Jacques Jaillat andderived from a form of intelligence in a parallel reality Pierre Vieroudy.which had always existed beside our own reality. Such a line of thought is no longer prevalent in In the USA these ideas never found great France, because in turn it stimulated a totally differentfavour, the majority of ufologists still preferring the simple current, called the new wave , also known asExtra-terrestrial Theory (ETH), and by the second half nouveaux ufologues, or neo-skepticism. It all beganof the 1970s these notions were virtually forgotten. when Michel Monnerie, co-editor of the French UFOHowever, they stimulated at least three different lines journal Lumieres dans Ia nuit (LDLN) realized that theof thought in Europe, mainly in Great Britain and psycho-ufology was demonstrating that a genuine,France. The first was the literally paraphysical concrete phenomenon was no longer needed tocurrent, hinting at parallel realities, mostly diffused in account for the sightings: the witness was enough. Hethe UK in the pages of Flying Saucer Review. It has presented his thesis in a book, provocatively titledgradually lost ground in favour of the next two lines of What if UFOs did not exist? But if it were so, why callthought. The second was the humanistic ufology for such exotic mechanisms as psychic powers?heralded by the Magonia magazines editorial team in Monneries book had the same effect as a bomb:the UK; greater emphasis is placed upon the human fierce attacks on his own somewhat naive suggestionfactor in the UFO experience, both at an individual of an open-eye dream as an explanation for the(i. e. psychological) level and at a collective (i. e. strangeness of some UFO sightings forced him to asociological) level. more and more inflexible attitude. He published a The third concept was typical of French ufology in second book on the Shipwreck of the Extra-terrestrialsthe mid- 1 970s, where paranormal aspects openly ( 1 979) where he tried to demolish the whole ufologicalbordered with psychical (i. e. parapsychological) over­ building, openly becoming a true skeptic and finallytones. It was stimulated by the French edition of yet leaving ufology. This first generation of new skeptics For centuries man has pondered over the origins of the huge sto ne circle known as Stonehenge on the plains near Salisbury . I t i s built a t a point reputed t o be a centre of m ajor energy lines (leys ) , and is of great mystic i m portance . The area is also a focus of U FO activity. Why our ancestors went to the enormous trouble they did to create this monu m ent remains u nknown but U F O-related wo rship has often been sug gested , perhaps because of the circular shape of the monu ment. The coincidence of m odern UFO activity near this ancient site has suggested to m any researchers that the U FO phenomenon may only be a m odern version of someth ing very ancient , someth ing that has perhaps been a part of the Earth for longer than Man . 76
    • ·l ll l ll ll llllln • · A C O M M O N E U ROPEAN U FO LOGY?(including a re-wntmg and debunking of the great ufolohrists (l�enzo Cabassi, l�oberto larahone, Fran­French U FO wave of 1 951 by G. Barthel and cesco lzzo): UFO fJhenomena - International A nnualj. Brucker) virtually ended in 1 980, because these Neview ( UP/AN). It was a refereed journal whosedisillusioned ufologists abandoned the U FO field. editorial board looked like the Vhos who of the The lesson of doubt was taught and, after a worlds scientific ufology, and in 19H1 UIIAI� wassevere crisis due also to the lack of U FO sightings in hrranted a Science Achievement A ward by the Fundthe early 1 980s, a new generation of French ufologists for UFO Research, based in America. The secondhas emerged. They keep a skeptical but open mind, breakthrough was in France, where in 1 977 physicisttry to re-define the scope of ufology and consider Claude Poher succeeded in getting a UFO study grouppsycho-socioloh rical hypotheses to be as valid as the fonned within the Centre National dEtudes Spatia/esETI I , until data arises to prove or disprove either (the French equivalent to NASA): Groupementtheory. Claude Mauge, Bertrand Meheust, jacques dEtudes des Phenomhzes A erospatiaux Non - identzjesScornaux and Thierry Pinvidic are the best known (GEPAN).names. Interestingly, a somewhat similar position is Specific national areas of interest may be found fornow shared by most active European UFO resear­ single nations and h ven periods of time. For example, richers, in countries other than France. sky-watching was popular in the UK in the 1 960s, in In Great Britain jenny Randless writings parallel France and Italy in the 1 970s, and in Scandinavia in thethe Monnerie/l lendry evolution of thought although 1 980s. The series of cosmic messages known collec­they never negate the physical reality of U FOs. She tively as the UMMO affair is virtually confmedhas moved from paraphysical reasonings to Hendry­ to Spanish-speaking countries. The earthlights debatelike texts such as UFO Study ( 198 1 ) and UFO Reality has barely passed the British boundaries. Even(1 983), finally considering natural unexplained aerial specific UFO/IFO types may be found: lighted toyphenomena as good candidates for some UFOs. In this balloons (miniature hot air balloons) cause as many ascontext, we see Paul Devereuxs Earthlights, Hilary 30 per cent of sightings in Germany, where virtuallyEvanss Ball Of Light International Data Exchange no landing has been reported; Italy is plagued by laser(BOLIDE) or the very responsible position BUFORA beams in concerts, circuses and the like; and thehas been holding vis-a-vis the corn circle phenomenon abduction scene occurs in a different way in eachand the plasma vortex hypothesis. European country. Europe has come of age: there is a collective A unifying pattern has begun to appear in the lastmovement towards a less critical attitude towards the few years. A common European framework is visibleETH origin of UFOs, a greater attention not only to when considered against the background of Americanidentifying IFOs but also to studying them, and a ufology - characterized, in particular, by the greaterre-definition of the aims and scopes of ufology. attention to uniformity of research, investigation In Spain the sound, scientific-oriented work of methodology and definition of terms. The role ofVicente-juan Ballester Olmos has greatly contributed human sciences, in the case of both individual reportsto the new breed of researchers presently collected and of the development of a UFO myth parallel to thearound the journal Cuademos de Ufologia. In Italy UFO phenomenon, is a further characteristic of therevisionists like Paolo Toselli and Maurizio Verga cohesive European framework.have become the core of a national ufology. German We only need to overcome practical difficulties,ufology is presently represented by either cultists or such as the language barrier, in order to get better andthe skeptical C ENAP and mildly skeptical GEP more stable exchanges. International Congresses heldgroups. The same may be said - to a lesser degree - in the last few years have increased cooperation. llayof the Belb rian SOBEPS, the Swedish AFU or the we hope that by 1 993 we will also have a EuropeanDanish SUFOI. Community of ufology? The so called revisionists are all former classicbelievers who gradually developed a ctitical attitudebased on their on-field experience. They do not refuse exotic hypotheses but minimize their importance. EooARDo Russo is a d i rector of the Italian g ro u p the Centro Europe has also had two major breakthroughs Italiano Studi Ufologici (CIS U ) . This g ro u p has anconcerning science and UFO study. As early as 1 976, i nteg rated Italian network and many i nternationalthe very first scientific journal on UFOs Vas launched associations . I n 1 988 it formally joi ned the I nternationalas an international venture by a group of Italian Comm ittee for U FO Research ( I C U R ) . 77
    • PRE 1 900 NAME T H E IRISH AIRSHI P During a Sunday mass, witnesses 121 1 A.D. saw an anchor drop from the sky and DATENAME HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE attach itself to the arch above the 2 1 6 B.C. PLACE CLOERA, IRELAND church door. As they rushed out ofDATE MAP REF: D 1 1 the church the witnesses saw in thePLACE SARDINIA, ROMAN MEDITERRANEAN sky a ship with men on board. They EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE SECOND MAP REF: J 1 9 watched as a man appeared to leap KINDEVENT EARLY UFO REPORT off the ship and swim through the Airship style encounters have been air down towards the anchor toThings that looked like ships were common enough with the panics of release it. The witnesses apparentlyseen in the sky over I taly . . . in 1 897 in America and 1 909 in attempted to capture the entity butSardinia, a knight was making his Europe. Many of these sightings the bishop forbade them to do so.rounds inspecting the posts !, larding l were of terrestrial prototypes; they The man was allowed to return tothe ramparts when a stick in his were seen only a few years before the ship which then cut its anchorhand burst into flames. The same they were openly admitted to, and rope and sailed away. According tothing happened to .Roman soldiers in some even had inventors names the report the anchor was preservedSicily who saw their javelins start attributed to them. Some of the in the church.burning in their hands. . . . at Apri a accounts were very strange and Clearly, investigation of a caseround shield was seen in the sky. I t deserved further investigation, but nearly 800 years old is out of theseemed a s i f the moon was fighting one particular airship account is question but, if nothing else, itwith the sun . . . at Capua, the sky remarkable if only because it serves to emphasize that there werewas all on fire and people saw certainly cannot have been an early extraordinary events occurring infigures above them that looked like prototype of a terrestrial airship . the sky long before the birth of theships. coming as it did in the year 1 2 1 1 . UFO phenomenon in 1 94 7. BASE L T h i s i l l ustrat i o n is taken !rom the Base l Broadsheet of 1 566 and depicts ! l eets o! huge g l obes seen over Basel on 7 Augusl in I hat yea r. Whether we can righlly regard the image as an early UFO report or not i s su bject to quest ion, b u t the d rawi ng i s thought­ provoking and one o! many from ea r l i e r centuries t h a t suggest the U FO phenomenon is !ar o l der than its o!f icial start date o! 1 94 7 . 78
    • · l i i l l i l l lll lll •• · DATABASE 1 940s 1 940s that the Axis powers had Later foo figh ter reports told themseln.·s encountered foo fighters mainly of fireball like lights andN A M E THE BIRTH O F THE ·FOQ FIGHTERS and belieed that they might hae glowing spheres. Because t he l. F( ) been Allied weapons. There were phenomenon h a d not y e t beenDATE 14 OCTOBER 1�3 also sightings reported from the officially born ( see Kenneth :moldPlACE SCHWEINFURT. GERMANY japanese aircraft in the Pacific. in the �orth American section. MAP REF· K 1 4 The foo fighters made their first page 1 5) and because these reportsEVENT FOO FIGHTERS appearance, at least officially, on 14 came in soon after the first foo October 1 9 13 when the :iS-1 Bomb fighter report s, they wereFoo fighters were part of the UFO Group was making its final run over understood at t he time to be furtherphenomenon t hat occurred during the industrial complex at examples of the same phenomenonWorld War II in both t he European Schweinfurt in Germany, coded - in retrospect this seems less likelyand Pacific bat tle arenas . For t he �tission 1 1 5. The German fighter to have been the case than wasmost part they consisted of bright planes disappeared from the air and thought initially.lights which paced aircraft, the bomb groups pilot s confirmed The foo fighter mystery wasoccasionally een mming inside that there were no enemy aircraft never soh·ed. They are much lessthem, but t hey were also sometimes a bon.·. · Ahead of t hem a cluster of frequently reported nowadays.ident ified as small discs just a few tiny discs some 3 in (8 em) across though of course many current ball­inches across, some of which were were reported and discus sed by the of-light and night-light phenomenafelt clattering across the ings of crews of the aircraft over the radio. may well hae been called foothe planes. Foo incidentally is B- 1 7 bomber number 026 fighters had they been seen in thosethought to deri·e either from the attempted to eade the objects but early years when the phenomenonfrench word for fire - feu - or from a was unsuccessful and reported that was common over Germany.cartoon character. popular in one wing cut directly through theEngland at the time, who went by clu ster but did not damage the The picture is alleged to show thethe name of Foo. plane. It is possible that this ca se mysterious · too fighters that buued The British belieed t hat they represented an early experiment aircraft during World War I I . I t was takenmight be an :. is powers secret x ith window (a de·ice which over Germany in 1 944 . No definitiveweapon. Howe·er. following the attempted to confuse radar return explanation tor these b right light sourcesend of the war documents re·ealed si!-, lals). 1f has been fou nd . 79
    • II •11 111 11 111 �II •· 1 EU ROPEABovE An early photograph of a Swed ishg h ost rocket taken i n 1 94 6 . R IGHT KarlG o sta Bartoli examining Lake Kolmjarv fordeb ris fo llowing a crash on 1 9 July 1 94 6 .NAM E SWEDISH GHOST ROCKETS they first thought was an aeroplane NAM E GREEK GHOST ROCKETSDATE 1 9 JULY 1 946 but then realized was a rocket like DATE 1 SEPTEMBER 1946 device crashing towards the lakePLACE LAKE KO LMJA RV, NORTH SWEDEN PLACE SALONIKA, THESSALiA, GREECE surface. As it hit the water an MAP REF: M3 MAP REF: P1 9 enormous column of water cascadedEVENT GHOST ROCKET SIGHTING out proving beyond doubt that the EVENT GHOST ROCKETS object was physical. They describedThroughout the early 1930s and into it as approximately 6 ft (183 em) During the ghost rocket wave whichthe late 1 940s Scandinavia, and long with small wings on either side. occurred across Europe in the latterparticularly Sweden, was the setting On another shore of the lake a half of the 1940s, a number of suchfor a particular fonn of UFO sighting further witness, Frideborg Tagebo, objects were seen over Macedoniaknown as the ghost rockets. They heard the crash and described it as and Salonika. One report of thesefirst occurred around the Arctic being like a bomb detonating. came from the highest possibleCircle near the Swedish!Norwe!, an ri The following morning a company source - an interview on 5border at Vasterbotten in the last of soldiers blockaded the area and September in London with themonths of 1 933 when distant lights searched the lake for the next two Greek Prime Minister, the valleys were sighted by local weeks. No debris was apparently Tsaldaris. One of the principalpeople. The assumption made was recovered, although even with an scientists of the country, professorthat the lights were made by explosion of this intensity there Paul Santorini, investigated thesmugglers but customs action found should have been some material left. sightings and soon established thatno support for this claim. Perhaps The ghost rocket saga continued they were not missiles.the most substantial of the ghost and eventually became the subject of However, the investigation intorocket claims was that of 19 July an official ghost rocket the sightings was stopped by the1916 when two witnesses observed investigation committee. Erik Anny. The professor believed that aa small object crash into Lake Malmberg of the committee blanket of security had been placedK<ilrnjarv. summed up: If the observations are over the question of the origin of just before noon, fanner Knut correct, many details suggest that it UFOs because of the alarmingLindb;ick and his maid Beda Persson was some kind of a cruise missile defence significance of the subject.were working at the lake shore that was fired on Sweden. But This is particularly plausible in viewwhen they heard a sound above nobody had that kind of of Erik Malmbergs summing up ofthem. The y looked up and saw what sophisticated technology in 1 94 6. the subject (above). 80
    • · 1 1 11 l ll l lll 111• • · DATABASE 1 950s 1 950s long t rails of angel hair (filaments NAME WOLIN ISLAND SIGHTING reportedly dropped from lJFOs and DATE 31 JULY 1953NAME OLORON simila r to spiders webs), which covered trees, houses and electric PLACE WOLIN ISLAND. SZCZECIN, POLANDDATE 17 OCTOBER 1 952 lines in Lhc area. Analysis of angel MAP REF: L 1 2PLACE OLORON-STE-MARIE, PAYS BASQUES, hair from this and other cases has EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER O F THE FIRST FRANCE proved inconclusive. It has been KIND MAP REF: F1 7 suggested that it is a naturalEVENT ANGEL HAIR PRECIPITATION substance unnaturally affected by One of the earliest modern U FO certain properties of the UFO, reports from Poland originates fromShortly after noon on 17 October possibly super-ionization of the air. Wolin I sland. At 7 oclock in the1952, headmaster Monsieur Prigent Any such speculation must remain evening of :n july 1 95], five Polishand his wife and children observed a only that as angel hair does not last nationals together with twostrangely shaped cloud and behind il long enough for in-depth analysis. Germans witnessed a saucer shapeda long, cylindrical, luminous object object landing next to a railroad. I temitting puffs of smoke. Ahead of An artists impression of UFOs seen over appears t o have been some 60-70 ftthe object were some thirty UFOs Oloron-Ste-Marie , France in October ( 1 8. :�-2 1 . ] m) wide with a series ofshaped like the planet Saturn: red 1 952. The Saturn-like UFOs were what may have been portholesglobes surrounded by a yellow ring accompanying a huge cylindrical object. around its edge.which were travelling in a zigzagging Thin fi laments of material known as angel The sighting lasted only a fewmotion across the sky. hair were reported dropping from the minutes and the object took off at The sighting left physical traces: objects , one of several such cases. remarkable speed. 81
    • E U R O PENAME THE STEPHEN DARBISHIRE PHOTOGRAPHSDATE 15 FEBRUARY 1 954PLACE CONISTON, CUMBRIA, ENGLAND MAP REF: F1 1EVENT PHOTOGRAPHIC CASEJust over a year after GeorgeAdamskis celebrated encounters inCalifornia (see page 28), in whichhe took several photographs of thealeged Venusian scout ship, 13-year-old Stephen Darbishirephotogaphed a very similar craft atC<miston in the Lake District. The main doubts about theauthenticity of these photographsmirror the suspicions whichsurround the Adamski case itself,but no definite conclusion has been AsovE At the age of t h i rtee n , Stephen BELow The photograph Stephenreached with regard to the veracity D a rb i s h i re d rew these pictures of a UFO he Darbishi re took at Coniston on 1 5of the case despite considerable had seen and photog raphed just half an February 1 954, shortly before h e d rewpublicity and circulation at the time. hour earlier. the above sketches. 82
    • l l i l l ll lll w · DATABASE 1 950sNAME W�GIERSKA GO RKA ENCOUNTERDATE JULY 1954PLACE W�GIERSKA GO RKA. POLAND MAP REF: L12EVENT ABDUCTION In l YHG a conversation took placeinvolving the witness (name with­held) in this case, which suddenlyawoke in her memories of a strangeevent that had taken plllce when shewas a child of eleven, in july 1 Y51 . She had been on holiday a tWGgicrska G6rka when s h e a n d herfriends had gone to the woods topick mushrooms. While walkingalone ncar a cliff, she saw a glowing,oval-shaped light near the ground.She walked to it. A figureapproached her from a door in the NAME THE DEWILDE ENCOUNTER Marius Dewilde and h1s fam1ly at the sceneobject, then seemed to draw her of the U FO encounter of 10 September DATE 10 SEPTEMBER 1954into the object in a way she cannot 1 954 , at Ouarou ble i n France. The railwayrecall: she just walked up a small PLACE OUAROUBLE, FRANCE track over which the object landed can beflight of s tairs and then stepped in MAP REF: H14 see n . Dewilde was not intimidated by thethrough the door. EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRD encounte r , and pressed home a vigorous Inside the object there were four KIND assault, met by a paralyzmg beamother entities: they were of averageheight and with many human When entities chose to visit nearby rail t racks. As he t ried tofeatures such as skin colour and Quarouhle in France they may have move he discovered that he washand shape. However, they were recognized that they had superior paralyzed in his legs.wearing close fitting clothes, were technology on their side. They were That would be enough for manysurrounded by a mist and had on the certainly going to need it because men but Dewilde was not finishedback of their bodies something they came up against one of the ye t. Haing been shocked by theresembling a hump. It is interesting most tenacious responses - from a ;1ppearancc of the entities andto compare this description Ait h the single individual - on record. precnted from grabbing them ;melone in the Czluch(lw sighting (see Alerted hy the sound of his dog having been paralyzed by a beam page 1 1 0), a case which occurred howling outside, Marius I >cwilde. at from their craft . once he hadafter the Wt;gierska G6rka ;1pproximatcly 10. ]0 in the eTning regained the usc of his limbs he encounter but before the recall. on 10 September 1 % 1 . opened his apparently ran towards the l FO inTheir eyes were small, there was no door and S;JW t VO strange ;m attempt to catrh up with it. He nose and the mou th was just like a humanoids just a few feet away from failed t o do so and the object lifted crack. The girl was instructed to lie him. They were wearing one piece off and tkw away. down, and she fell asleep. diving style suits and their heads Dewilde alerted the police and Her next memory is of being were enclosed in enormous globular the subsequent invest iga t ion found by her friends, sitting near the glass helmets. They w�re short and inolH·d the F re nc h intllligcnrc cliff. She had been missing for seTn Cry stocky and t he witness docs sen·iccs and its scie n t i s t s . ( )nt· ol hours. While they had full baskets of not recall seeing any ;mns. the scient ists indica ted. irom thl mushrooms, hers was empty. What Dewildes reaction was ,l.lotllld t r;1ces left ;It the site oi thl had she been doing in all that time, immediate: he tried to grab the cncountt•r. that the objt·l·t res tin.t.: they asked? All she could recall was entities but as blinded by a beam of over the rail t racks l l l ll s t ha t a vague memory of flying . . . light from an object resting on weighed at lea s t :t:, tons. 83
    • EUROPENAME SINCENY MISJUDGMENT approached Southend on the During the encounter aDATE OCTOBER 1 954 Thames estuary - he saw three considerable amount of angel hair objects heading towards him. (filaments reportedly dropped fromPLACE SINCENY, AISNE, FRANCE As they approached one gold and UFOs and resembling spiders webs MAP REF: G14 in texture) dropped towards the one silver object flew to his left sideEVENT SLIGHT ERROR OF MISJUDGMENT and the third came directly at him witnesses and evaporated in a few almost filling his windscreen. He hours.Seeing a silhouette moving in the described it as saucer shaped with a Dr Perego had a similar sightinglight of two lamps, I thought I was in bun shaped top and a bun on 1 2 November, again with otherthe presence of a Martian in the underneath. Salandin was shaken at witnesses, and was soon to becomeprocess of repairing his flying the tremendous speed at which it a devotee of the extraterrestrialsaucer. I went to get my gun and I had been travelling. He reported the hypothesis and supporter of flyingfired at him. sighting to his base and after landing saucer research. A perfectly reasonable made a report both to Derekassumption you might think (and a Dempster, an intelligence officercharming gesture of greeting), but who was later to become the editor NAME NAMUR PHOTOGRAPHIC CASEone which was unfortunately a bit of Flying Saucer Review, and also DATE 5 JUNE 1 955wide of the mark. In this case the the Air Ministry. PLACE NAMUR, BELGIUMtarget turned out to be the witnesss Of the sightings Salandin said I MAP REF: 1 1 4own neighbour repairing his motor havent found a satisfactorycar. Fortunately his aim was no explanation for what I saw but I EVENT PHOTOGRAPHIC CASEbetter than his judgment and the know what I saw. Earlier he hadshot only damaged the car, already expressed one At approximately 7. 30 in thepresumably leaving his neighbour disappointment The thing was right evening, postman and amateursomewhat startled. in my sights, next time I will be on photographer, Monsieur Our witness might have had even the ball. Muyldermans was able to take threemore trouble explaining himself if he photographs of a disc shaped objecthad offered the explanation Im flying low near his car near Namur insorry. I thought you were someone NAM E THE UFO FLEET Belgium.else . . ! . Meteorological study of the DATE 6 NOVEMBER 1 954 photographs suggested that the PLACE ROME, ITALY altitude of the objects was someNAME FLIGHT LIEUTENANT SALANDINS MAP REF: K 1 8 4, 92 1 ft ( 1 , 500 m) and the size was ENCOUNTER EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER O F THE FIRST approximately 39 ft (12 m) in KIND diameter. Though unremarkable byDATE 14 OCTOBER 1 954 the standards of what was to followPLACE THAMES ESTUARY, ENGLAND The Italian politician Dr Alberto in subsequent years, these MAP REF: G 1 3 photographs became world famous. Perego was one of over a hundredEVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER O F THE FIRST people who, on several occasions German investigator Gerald KIND during October and November of Mosbleck used them as the basis of 1954, saw fleets of UFOs in the his own deliberate fakes to proveFlight Lieutenant ]ames l-t Salandin skies above Rome. Most noticeable the ease with which suchof the 601 th County of Middlesex of these sightings was on 6 photographs could be faked, and toSquadron, i{oyal Auxiliary Air November when dozens of white demonstrate, correctly, thatForce, took off at 1. 1 5 in the dots appeared, occasionally leaving photographs alone do not proveafternoon from I�AF North Weald in short vapour trails. They were much unless there is otherEssex in a Meteor Mark 8 jet estimated as moving at substantial evidence (seefighter. It was a cloudless deep blue approximately 800 miles ( 1 , 300 km) photographic evidence page 27).sky and Salandin was able to see the per hour and flying at a height ofvapour trails of two Meteors in approximately 20, 000 ft (6, 096 m). T h e sequence of photographs taken byfonnation high above him. At Occasionally they grouped into Monsieur M uyldermans in Namur on1 6, 000 ft (1 , 877 m ) - as he forn1ations of diamond or V shapes. 5 June 1 955. 84
    • DATABASE 1 950s 85
    • lllillil I IIIII••· EUROPENAME BENlWATERS/LAKENHEATH night fighter was scrambled to NAM E VADDO RETRIEVAL intercept the object s. At midnightDATE 1 3 AUGUST 1956 DATE 9 NOVEMBER 1 958 the pilot gained visual contact withPLACE SUFFOLK, ENGLAND the object and shortly afterwards PLACE VADDO , ROSLAGEN, SWEDEN MAP REF: G 1 2 also confirmed radar contact. MAP REF: M8EVENT RADAR VISUAL ENCOUNTER It is believed that gun camera film EVENT ALLEGED CRASH RETRIEVAL was taken. Indeed the former headRadar operators at USAF/RAF of the Ministry of Defence Physical traces from UFOs are rareBentwaters, at 9. 30 in the evening department which studies U FOs, and usually confined to ambiguousof l :j August 1 956, tracked a UFO Ralph Noyes (now an active UFO ground marks, bum marks, etc.return incoming from the North Sea investigator) stated that at the time Occasionally, however, solidsome 25-30 miles (40-48 km) off the he watched the film but admitted artefacts alleged to be part of UFOscoast. According to the radar it was that the film clips were very brief, are recovered though it has to betravelling at approximately 5, 000 rather fuzzy and not particularly admitted that there has not yet beenmiles (8, 04 7 km) per hour, certainly spectacular. However, the a recovery of anything made of afar faster than any aircraft of the independent radar corroboration and substance which has definitely beentime. Radar also tracked another the visual sightings, despite unclear confirmed as extra-terrestrial in.L,roup of targets moving towards r gun camera film, suggest very origin.Bent waters from approximately strongly that something physical On 9 November 1 958 two8 miles ( l :j km) out at the more was in the air over Suffolk on that witnesses to the landing of a UFOreasonable speed of some 80- 1 25 night in 1 956. near Vadd<> in Sweden investigatedmiles o :m-200 km) per hour. the area following its departure and Checks on the radar could not recovered a small metallic artefact.determine any malfunctions and NAME ANGELU ENCOUNTER Analysis indicated that it was madetherefore a T-:j;) interceptor from of tungsten carbide, cobalt and DATE OCTOBER 1 958the 5 1 2 Fighter l nterceptor titanium.Squadron. which was returning to PLACE FIGUERAS, CATALONIA, SPAIN According to the witnesses,Bent waters from a training flight, MAP REF: G 1 8 when recovered, shortly after thewas diverted to search for visual EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF T H E FIRST UFO had departed, the object wasconfirmation of the radar targets. KIND warm to the touch. Whether it wasThe plane could not verify the heated up by the action of thesightings but was searching blind At approximately 7 oclock in the descent of the UFO or whether ithaving no airborne radar of its own. evening Senor Angelu, riding his truly dropped from it is not certain. Approximately an hour later motorcycle near Figueras in Spain,radar reported another target saw what appeared to be an objectmoving at between 2, 000-4 , 000 crash in a nearby wood. Wanting to NAME GDYNIA HUMANOIDmiles (;), 200-6, ,1()0 k m l per hour. help, he went towards the site but DATE 21 JANUARY 1959This object was also seen by control saw that it was not a crashed planetower personnel and described by but a landed UFO of traditional PLACE GDYNIA HARBOUR, GDA N SK, POLANDthem as a bright light passing over saucer shape, a transparent dome MAP REF: M 1 1the airfield at terrific speed. At the on top and standing on landing legs. EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRDs;m1c time the pilot of a C-47 It was approximately 25 ft (7. 62 m) KIND/HUMANOID RETRIEVALt ransport aircraft reported a bright wide.light streaking bctH.ath h im. The witness saw two dwarf like An abnormal number of fingers, aBent w<tters sounded the alert! entities with large heads moving one piece suit that required metal O t her ra da r s tations in the area around the craft and collecting shears to remove it, a strangewere a lerte d ; t he 7th Air Division samples from nearby terrain. arrangement of internal organs and aCommand Post and t he :kd Air Aboard the saucer, in the dome, he circulatory system following a spiralForce Con u m nd Post were could sec a third fi!-, l r c. The witness l path around the body. This was theconta c t ed and RAF coastal air watched for some 15 minutes until remarkable conclusion of a postdefence also became involved. At the entities reboarded the ship mortem examination which isNeatished a de H a villand Venom which took off quickly. alleged to have taken place in a 86
    • • 1 1 ill il l lllll n • · OAT ABASE 1 950s BELI EVE IT . . . OR NOT.There arc very few photographs of UFO entities, and no rel iable recovered cadavers were sen t to Wright Patlerson m Oh1o )ones. There have, however, been some very spectacular hoaxes, T here have been several similar photographs from Germanyor suspected hoaxes. The photograph be l ow allegedly depicts and i t has been suggested that at one time laking outrageousan al ien taken al ive from a UFO that crashed ncar Mexico City UFO stories was a favourite pastime of the American troopsin the 1 950s. The al ien died shortly afterwards and was sent to stati oned there. There is no support ive evidence lor thisGermany for analysis. (M ost modern day reports suggest that photograph. 87
    • 1 1 1111••· EU ROPEhospital at Gdynia following the it was noted he had an abnormal NAME T H E JELLY ENTITIES OF SWEDENrecovery of a humanoid from the number of fingers. The hospital staff DATE 20 DECEMBER 1 959seafront there. attempted to remove the one piece PLACE DOMSTEN, SOUTHERN SWEDEN It must be said that this suit that he was wearing but it was MAP REF: L1 0legendary tale is of doubtful of an extremely hard material and itauthenticity; it appears without took metal shears to cut it from him. EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRDreference in Arthur Shuttlewoods The staff also removed a bracelet KINDbook The Flying Sauccrers and also from his wrist which may or may notwithout reference in UFOs in the have led to his dying immediately Returning from a dance twoSoviet Union (although dated 2 1 afterwards. witnesses, Stig Rydberg and HansFebruary 1959 i n that article). None A post mortem examination at Gustavsson, stopped to examine aof our researchers in Poland were Gdynia Hospital showed a strange light in a glade near to the road onable to produce documentary arrangement of internal organs and a which they were driving in their car.evidence for the alleged event. different form of circulatory system They saw a disc shaped object some As the legend has it . . . A UFO spiralling around the body. The 15 ft (4. 5 m) across standing onapparently crashed into Gdynia hospital was apparently sealed off by three landing legs.Harbour and shortly afterwards a bJUards and the body removed in a Incredibly, they were attacked bysmall humanoid in a space suit was refrigerated container under heavy several tiny jelly like creatures thatfound wandering along the seafront security. According to one report tried to drag them towards thein a confused state. He was taken to the lorry was destined for a research saucer and a fight broke out. One ofthe local clinic for observation where institute in Moscow. the two witnesses reached the car and sounded the horn, the second was then released and the entities scampered back to their craft which TliE Mor,., took off. Hypnotic regression undertaken PROPHEG1iAN An lnve JES by doctors seemed to indicate that M ysterio u stiga tt�n in to th e the witnesses were telling the truth. . sA th e In fa m m en ca n Visits However, the allegation was o us Feath e G of rejected by an Air Defence By OH J ry aru da Department official investigation N A. kfEL because of the unreliability of the witnesses. 1 960s NAME T H E BATMAN ENCOUNTER DATE 16 NOVEMBER 1 963 PLACE SALTWOOD, KENT, ENGLAND MAP REF: G 1 3 EVENT ENTITY ENCOUNTER In the 1 960s there were many reports in West Virginia, United States of America, of the so called Moth Men which were red-eyed, moth- and bat-like creatures, I n The Mothmen Prophecies, Keel d escribes bat-like entities reported i n West V i rg i n i a , USA d u ring the 1 96 0 s . 88
    • DATABASE 1 960soccasionally the size of small light clements present which arc not When Masse wa s around �0 ydsaircraft, which terrorized local generally found in such objects. ( 1 8. ] m) awa y from the entities oneinhabitants. In the end, the findings were of them spotted him, took the England was never plagued by inconclusive with many suggestions cylinder from his belt and fired athe Moth Men to t his extent but as to what it could not be, but none beam at Masse who was paralyzedthere was one report from Kent in as to what it might have been. immediately. Despite the nature ofNovember of 1 963. Two courting the encounter, however, Masse saidcouples watched a star-like UFO he never felt fear and believed thathover near some trees as they NAME VALENSOLE SIGHTING the entities had no animositypaused from their amorous towards him . DATE 1 JULY 1 965activities. Those amorous activities Approximately a minute passedcame to a startling end when the PLACE VALENSOLE, SOUTHERN FRANCE and the entities boarded their craftwitnesses suddenly saw, coming MAP REF: 1 1 8 which then took off at an incredibletowards them, a grotesque, EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRD speed. I t took something like fifteenheadless, black entity with webbed KIND minutes for the paralysis to wear offfeet and wings like a bat. and Masse returned to Valcnsole No other coherent information is Farmer Maurice Masse !, CW Tf where he discussed the story withavailable as the couples, lavender for use in the perfume his friends. They were impressed byunderstandably, beat a hasty retreat industry and on 1 july 1965 he left Masses state of mind and did notleaving researchers with only this his house very early in the morning doubt that he was telling the truth.outline report. to walk to the fields to bch work. 7Jn Subsequent investigation found He had stopped in the shade to traces in the soil where the craft had smoke a cigarette before starting landed; the soil wa s hard andNAME KALLAVESI LAKE when he heard the sound of an crumbly with a high calcium content. object above him which he thought Lavender on the site died and evenDATE AUGUST 1 964 might be a military helicopter. He future crops vere affected until thePLACE KALLAVESI LAKE, KUOPIO, FINLAND walked towards the field to sec it. field had been thoroughly ploughed. MAP REF: P6 Some 1 00 yds (92 m) away he There is an as yet unknown detailEVENT ALLEGED CRASH RETRIEVAL saw an object unlike anything he had to the story. Masse has admitted seen before. It was oval shaped with that there was something else ofRaimo Blomqvist witnessed a UFO a small dome on top and about t he importance which he has kept tohovering near him above Kallavesi size of a car. It stood on six legs himself ever since.Lake, Finland in August 1 961. The radiating out from a central spike. For ufoloh7Jsts the importance ofcase became more interesting Slightly in front of the object the encounter is its similarity towhen, shortly before speeding off, Masse saw two entities who vcre many cases that occurred earlier inthe UFO dropped a small chunk of examining the plants in the field. He France during the 195:1 wave ofmaterial into the lakes edge. thought at first they were young entity reports. Masse himself was Blomqvist retrieved it; analysis boys and believed he had caught the also impressed by the similarityindicated that it was made out of iron vandals who had been damaging his bet ween the object he described andoxide and trace elements. plantations in the weeks before the the one seen by officer Lonnie At Akadcmi University, encounter. But as he put it From Zamora in Socorro, �ew ilexico inProfessor Edelman X-raycd the the moment I started out . . . I the United S tates only one yea robject and determined it was not a knew that it wasnt with men that I earlier ( sec page c16).geological entity although it had to deal. · Of the mys teriou s truth yet to beresembled materials that are found The two entities w�re dressed in revealed we can only presume that itncar t he site of active volcanoes in h Teen one piece suits; they had huge is some forn1 of contartee messagecertain sections of the world. Turku bald heads, large slanting eyes and or perception. ;lasse has s tated theUniversity also examined the object lipless mouths. Their skin was chalk immovability of his stance indic<Jtingand their Professor J lapunen ruled vhite. On their belts they carried the seriousness of his reaction to theout the possibility that it could be a small cylinders which 1 Ia sse would experience: ] have not toldmeteor, at least of known ha·c been well advised to take more anybody. not even my wiie. andcomposition, because of trare notice of! nobody will make me tdl it. · 89
    • II IIi 11 1 1 111 11• · EU ROPEArtists i m p ression of the e ntities a n d flying some 15 ft ( 1 . 5 m) above it. produced by his engineeringo bj ect seen b y M au rice M asse; t h e y have That was enough for him, he ran company. The prompt delivery ofbeen d rawn over a p h otograph of the site . back to his car and got in but t he the casings was crucial to an object followed and hovered important contract. Mainly for thatNAME COOUIL ENCOUNTER above him. reason Collett was very concemed He had difficulty starting the car when the electrical s ystem of t heDATE 1 6 JANUARY 1 966 which may have been due to his own bus cut out, causing the lights, radioPLACE BOLAZEC, FRANCE panic or may have been a vehicle and engine to go dead. MAP REF: E14 Collett got out of the vehicle, interlerence by the U FO (this isEVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE FIRST commonly reported). E ventually it opened the bonnet and examined the KIND started and he drove off, leaving the engine but found nothing amiss. He object behind. retumed to t he vehicle and whileAt 1 oclock in the morning of 1 6 doing so noticed a dark. unlit forn1J;muary 1 966 carpenter Eugene hovering motionless over the roadCoquil was driving in Bri ttany when NAME THE HOOK VEHICLE INTERFERENCE ahead of him. After a short pausehe saw lights in the middle of a field. the engine fired, t he lights and radio DATE 26 OCTOBER 1967He stopped his car, believing there came alive and Collett drove off ­ PLACE HOOK, HAMPSHIRE, ENGLANDmay have been an accident, and only to have the same breakdown MAP REF: F1 3walked across the field towards the occur just a few hundred yards downlight . As he did so he noticed that EVENT VEHICLE INTERFERENCE the road.the lights were on an object . And it Again the witness got out of hiswas moving silently t owards him! Mr W. Collett was driving his Ford vehicle; this time he felt an extreme Only when he got to wit hin Transit bus along t he A32 towards pressure change which caused painapproximately :w ft (9. 11 m) of it did l{eading in the early hours of in his ear drums, similar to thathe realize that it was not moving Thursday, 26 October 1967. H e was which can be experienced in analong the ground but was in fact transporting machine casings aircraft. He also noticed the smell of 90
    • · i l l lllll llll t n• · DATABASE 1 960sburning elcctrics hut this was could have had a more serious effect dogs, was lying on his hack in aobviously not coming from his on his nervous system. shallow trough in the hill s to shdk rvehicle as it was still in good order No at tempts to analyze the from a force H wi nd. I Ie placed hisalthough not functioning . Once again pote ntial time lapses during this hands behind his head to res t himselfhe saw the object in the sky just a incident have been made, and indeed and saw what he at first helieedhundred yards away and perhaps 50 none are probably appropriate. was a fine vapour t rail oer t he townft (15 m) high - dark and suspended However, it is interesting to note of Portland coming from a high flyingabove t he road. the aspects of t his case which arc aircraft. Very quickly 1lr Brooks Collett believes that he wa tched similar to other reported abductions. realized that it was no such tlung; Jtthe object for a few m inutes until it Of further interest is the idea that was not growing in k·nJ., t h or rmoved away at reasonable speed the interference with the nervous disintegrating. Indeed, it had all theover the trees. When he returned to system could in some circumstances appearance of a craft rushingthe driving seal the cn).., rinc also create hallucinations. headlong towards him !restarted, the vehicle was back to Cases such as this may hold some It descended rapidly, put thenonnal and he again drove off. of the answers to much more brakes on with remarkable tenacity There were certain other effects elaborate claims. and at a height of some 200-300 ftnoted by Mr Colle t t which are (61 -9·1 m) hovered motionless somereminiscent of many cases of ,100 yds (366 m) away from wherevehicles stopping, including NAME THE MOIGNE DOWNS ENCOUNTER Mr Hrooks was watching it. I t was aabductions. H e apparently unique UFO, never reported before DATE 26 OCTOBER 1967completed his journey without nor since. It was a circular disc PLACE MOIGNE DOWNS, DORSET, ENGLANDreference to his road map although it shape with a long J., rder-likc riwas a new route for him (he had, MAP REF: F13 fuselage reaching forward and threehowever, studied the planned route EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE FIRST !-, rder-like fuselages reaching ribefore setting out ). He described a KIND backwards. Howeer. as it wentcertain lack of co-ordination when into hover mode the fuselagesdriving off almost as if he had to One of the most credible UFO spread ou t in to the shape of a how to use the controls of reports and certainly one of the best The craft while hovering rotatedthe bus. On returning home he documented by the witness himself. slowly but remained in a stationarynoticed a throbbing in his fingers. comes from the wave of Brit ish posit ion, apparently unaffected byPerhaps connected to the encounter sightings in 1 967. The witness was the extremely strong wind blowing.he also found that he now Mr ] . B. W. (Angus) Brooks , a llr Hrooks noted that the objectremembered his dreams, which he fonner Comet flight administration seemed to be made of somewas not able to do before. officer for the British Overseas translucent material. was Dr Bernard Finch, a London Aircraft Corporation (now part of approximately 1 75 ft (53 m) indoctor, examined Mr Collet t for British Airways) and a former RAF diameter and he could see nophysiological effects and suggested intelligence officer. Every analysis portholes or windows. The sightingthat there was a possibility that the of the case by U FO invest igators lasted 22 minutes, then the objectU FO had emitted a force field which has concluded that llr Brooks was a resumed its original shape -had interfered with the witnesss very reliable witness who exhibited realigning its fuselages - and shotnerves and spinal cord, damaging his considerable common sense in away towards Vinfrith.nonnal reflexes. I t appears from the coming to tenns ilh his sighting. One of llr Brookss dogs , usuallydoctors report that he believes Mr Of )... Jfeat use was the fact that llr at ease ith him on the downs. wasCollett was only mildly washed by Brooks prepared his own report agitated and pawed him as if urgingthe force field, if that is what it was , which reflected his detailed grasp of him to leave the area. His other dogbecause t h e craft w a s emi t t ing only administration and intelligence had gone off hunting. llr Brooksslow power. Had it been emitting a work. I ndeed the opening lines even own analysis of the event ismore radiant energy. if perhaps it indicated the ordnance survey grid clear: Before the �l oigne Downshad been preparing to perfonn a reference of the encounter and an sighting I was only mildly interestedrapid manoeuvre, then llr Col lell estimate of ind force and direction. in unidentified tl�ing objects but nowmight well have been h i t by a much At 1 1 . 25 in t he morning llr I am convinced t here is something tomore powerful backwash which Brooks, who had been walking his be investigated and the sooner we 91
    • EUROPEfind out what is going on the better it sleep state he had seen a vitreous NAME SERRA DE ALMOS ENCOUNTERwill be. floater in his eyeball (a loose piece of DATE 16 AUGUST 1 968 Mr Brooks circulated his report dead cell matter frequently seen PLACE SERRA DE ALMOS, SPAINto many flying saucer research when looking at a clear background MAP REF: F1 9organizations across the world and such as the sky). Mr Brooks had hadhas expressed no doubt that what he an eye injury some years previously EVENT UNUSUAL ENTITY ENCOUNTERsaw was an alien spacecraft. He which was repaired by cornealcommented To begin with I was transplant and this may have led to One of the main aspects of UFOapprehensive, wondering if I had him seeing larger floaters than entity claims is that the vast majoritybeen spotted. It even crossed my usual. This explanation is believed to - by far - are of humanoid entities,mind that I might be captured and I account for the fact that the object i.e. aliens which resemble humanplanned, if there seemed any danger would have remained motionless form in having two legs, two armsof that, to leave my walking stick in despite the wind and why it moved and a head canying the sensorythe ground as a clue to where I had very rapidly and decelerated quickly organs at the highest position.been. But after a bit I felt easier, to a standstill; it is a characteristic of However, not all cases are of thiseven content, and it has since floaters as the eyeball moves and nature, for example the brain-likeoccurred to me that the green then stops. entities in the Dapple Grey Laneanorak I was wearing may have The Ministry of Defence further encounter in the United States (seecamouflaged me. concluded that Mr Brooks had page 56). The sighting came at a time when attributed an extraordinary nature to In August 1968 at Serra dethe flying star or flying cross was the incident because of publicity Almos, Spain, a chicken farmer wasthe much reported UFO of the relating to the flying cross sightings to report one such rather frighteningperiod. Indeed only days apart from in the national newspapers at the variation. It was approximately 6the Moignc Downs sighting, two time. oclock in the morning when he sawpolice constables in a police car had With perhaps only the slightest a dome shaped object hovering a fewchased a flying cross along the edge irony Mr Akhursts letter to Mr feet above the ground. As heof Dartmoor. Other police officers Brooks setting out their conclusions approached, two entities ran back towere reporting such sightings in stated I recognise that you may find and into the object which then tookother parts of the country. our conclusions unsatisfactory. off. The entities he reported wereObviously it was speculated that They also pointed out that Our octopus like, approximately 3 ftwhat Mr Brooks had seen was the radar cover is such that we are also (91 em) tall and had several legsflying cross. quite satisfied there is no each. He also described them as The case was investigated by a clandestine aerial activity over the being light in colour and disgusting inMinistry of Defence team: Dr john United Kingdom under terrestrial appearance.Dickison from the Royal Aircraft control. For me, there was an amusingEstablishment at Farnborough; Alec It must be said that Mr Brooks side to this story. Although it hadCassie, a psycholoh with the RAF Y]st replied with equal precision to the happened in 1 968 it was not a widelyand Leslie Akhurst from S4 at the Ministry, critical of their conclusion: reported case and I was unaware ofMinistry of Defence (S4 is the The fact that the gale was howling it when I was editing a book,section of the Ministry of Defence and my Alsatian was painfully Phenomenon, for the British UFOwhich investigates UFO reports). clawing me to leave the spot was Research Association (B UFORA).They came up with an explanation hardly conducive to "dropping off. As an experiment for the book Iwhich was imaginative, and indeed The fact that Mr Brookss asked top British special effectsplausible and not unreasonable, but sighting has remained unique and modelmaker to the film industry,it was not one which was ever going that no similar object has been seen Martin Bower, to fake a UFOto satisfy Mr Brooks. since need not weigh heavily against encounter solely for the purposes of They suggest ed that Mr Brooks the report since most UFO sightings proving how easily it could be done.had lain down to rest from the wind are unique in some detail or the In the book the whole story isand had fallen a sleep or entered a other. We arc left only to decide clearly described so that there is nonear sleep state. This was the whether the craft was an external doubt that the resulting photographreason why his dog was agitated and event or indeed in the eye of the is a deliberate fake. In order totrying to wake him. I >uring the near beholder. further emphasize that fact I asked 92
    • .,,, l l lll lllll n •· DATABASE 1 960sMartin to produce an octopoidal typc add to the mythology that surrounds so extraordinarily unbelie vable thatalien which I believed had never the UFO phenomenon. ) The no-one could believe it to be re(ll, Ibeen reported and would therefore resulting picture proved the point had hit on one that had bee n seennot confuse the issue by looking as if and was suitably amusing, but the already! It was around about thisit could be real. (The last thing I book had only been out a few time that I discovered the truewanted was to produce a picture months when the Serra de Almos meaning of the expression Thethat would one day turn up in the case was drawn to my attention. Far best -laid schemes oMice an Menliterature as real and unnecessarily from creating a fake U FO encounter gang aft aglcy. FAKE PHOTOG RAPHS RIGHT I n 1 962 Alex Bi rch claimed to have photographed five U FOs over Sheffield, England. Having impressed the Air Min istry and an i naugural meeting of BUFORA, he went on to confess that he had stuck the images on a pane of glass through which he look lhe photograph. BELOW This fake UFO photograph, with the author as victim, would not pass many modern analysis tests but it shows clearly how easy it is is to set up fake al ien encounters. This whole image took less than thi rty minutes to make, set up and photograph. 93
    • •ll lli ll[ lll lll �•· E U R O PENAME DR X However, the effect on the will reveal more as time passes. witness was not totally beneficial; he It was an early spring in southernDATE 1 NOVEMBER 1 968 experienced cramps and stomach Sweden, in 1969, when Kathryn andPLACE SOUTHERN FRANCE pains, he lost weight and there was a two companions, Harvey and Martin MAP REF: H 1 7 peculiar triangular shaped coloration (pseudonyms used), were sitting inEVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF T H E SECOND around his navel. Even more a meadow relaxing and discussing KIND extraordinary, the same triangle the events of the time that were so appeared on the babys stomach a important to the young; mainly theAround 4 oclock in the morning Dr day or so later and the doctor Vietnamese war and the BiafranX (his name and the precise location dreamed that it was in some way famine. Kathryn felt emotionallyof the event are withheld to avoid connected to his sighting. upset by the violence and lack ofunwanted publicity) was awoken by The triangle would appear and compassion that seemed to bethe cries of his toddler. When he disappear on both the father and the embracing the world; indeed shereached the child, the boy was son for days on end for some began to cry.indicating that something was considerable time after the event Suddenly above them an objectoutside the window with great and indeed was recorded on film in appeared in the sky, oval shapedexcitement. The doctor saw lights 1986, 18 years after the first with what appeared to be legswhich he believed to be lightning and sighting! The story continues. protruding from it. Martin andcalmed his son. For years since the event the Kathryn saw it. but they heard Following this he then opened a family has been the subject of nothing. Without warning their verywindow to look over the open paranormal phenomena; telepathy perception of normality turnedlandscape outside the house and frequently reported between inside out: the sky no longer seemedobserved two saucer shaped U FOs, members of the family, levitation, to exist and in front of them, bothwhite above and red beneath. He unusual effects on electrical Martin and Kathryn saw the moonalso noticed antennae on top and a instrumentation. Indeed the family looking as it did in the photographsbeam of light reaching down from seems to have undergone something that were beamed back to the Earthbeneath the objects. The UFOs of a change in mental attitude leaving by the Apollo astronauts. They sawwere moving towards the doctor and them sensitive to all kinds of space as an almost fluid-like greyhe saw with astonishment that, as phenomena. endlessness.they approached him, they appeared Strangely, although Martin andto merge into each other leaving just Kathryn appear to have shared theone single UFO. NAM E KATHRYN HOWARD same experience, Harvey saw The beam of light from nothing, either he was unable to face DATE 6 APRIL 1 969underneath the UFO suddenly the sensory input or he was cut off PLACE SOUTHERN SWEDENrotated round and illuminated the from it. None of the trio couldhouse, shining directly on the MAP REF: L1 0 explain why that should be, nordoctor. There was a loud bang and EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE TH IRD indeed how it should have comethe UFO disappeared leaving behind KIND about. Kathryn felt compelled to talkjust a glowing presence which about what she was seeing or losedispersed. But it seemed that the The Kathryn Howard case is one the image forever. I must talk. I willlJFOs had taken something with which clearly demonstrates the forget if I dont talk. Look at the sky.them! interface between the U FO There is no sky. We arc sitting in They had taken the doctors pain phenomenon and other paranormal the Universe. This is the Universe. and disabilities. Three days before experiences. Because of the nature Her perceptions were still changing!the encounter the doctor had injured of her encounter Kathryn believes The Earth itself seemed to behis leg while chopping wood and had that she will not fully recall the expanding around them and Kathryna very painful bruise which still events, nor feel able to openly relate said I feel like a puppet on strings. showed. Several years before he to all of what she has recalled, until She felt as if she were looking at thehad also received wounds during the she has been able to emotionally feel Earth from way above while at theAlgerian war. Astonishingly, both of as she did at the time. For that same time standing on it. Boththese unpleasant injuries instantly reason what follows is of necessity Martin and Kathryn were crying anddisappeared. incomplete and no doubt the case they felt they could hear the slow 94
    • 1 1 1 1 1 l l l ll l11n •· DATABASE 1 960s Kathryn mto the objec t . Looking down between her feet �he could sec the treetops and t he Eart h all() at one time even the i mpress i o n of her own bodj. Inside the object she felt as if she were free floating but nonetheless restrained at the wrists and ankles. Apparently she became fearful that the abduction was to be pcm1ancnt, t hat she would be removed from the Earth forever, and she screamed Please take me back. I am not ready to leave yet. The only time she felt real fear was under the regression hypnosis, but whether this i s a product of the technique or of her memory is debatable. Under hypnosis Kathryn sawKathryn Howard now lives 1n America , that everyone wants to express herself wearing a kind of crystalwhere this photograph was taken in 1 990 , their hidden desires and secrets head-dress and since that timebut she had her abduction experience in with me, and on and on I could write clairvoyants and others ha·e seen aSweden over twenty years earl ier. She about these things. Neither Mart in similar mass around her head . Thebelieves that she will not fu l ly understand nor Harvey have felt able to follow entities she encountered wereher experiences until she is able to return up the experiences; Kathryn transparent, not a particularlyto the surroundings of her earl ier l ife . believes this is due to their frequently given description but. submergence into a fundamentally interestingly, one that has arisen indeep beat that was the rhythm of the materialistic world. other cases from around the sameUniverse itself. Of all the impressions she area and the period of time ( see the The emotions overwhelmed received the last was of great Anders case, page 103).them. A feeling of love and compassion and she said as she In the fu ture, Kathryn feels thatcompassion b 1fipped them and began to come around from the she must return from the UnitedKathryn said she felt the greatest experience I f Hitler was here now, I States, where she presently li-es .joy she had ever known. But there would put my arms around him and to Sweden a n d t o taste thewere also less joyful impressions: tell him that I loved him. l ie didnt sensations of her earlier life beforeimages of !-, eat destruction, Jf know what he was doing. I Ie was she will be able to fully understandpossibly the end of t he human race not alive yet. I Ie was just a shell. · the true meaning of the experiencesand the end of time itself; there There then appears to be a she has had. Both I and the otherwere many other images which period of missing time. Although this UFO researchers she is workingKathryn feels unable to talk about event had happened during a bright with must leae her to rediscm-creven now. day their next memory was of 1 1 these eents in her own way rat her Of the three, only Ka thryn has oclock in the evening .1t the house of than usc t he high pressure. almostfelt compelled to follow up the one of them only an hour away from intenogative, techniques soexperience having been conscious the meadow where they had been. common in America. Kathryns raseeven from an early age that her life There has been one attempt using will then almost certainly he a mosthad special meaning. She states regression hypnosis to fill in this valuable piece in the enom10usEver since that day, I have felt missing time period; the recall of global jigsaw that is t he l lF Ostrongly that there is a message I this mostly concerns the UFO itself. phenomenon.have to get out, that [ know how to The legs that had been sticking Only time will tell: and wit hget people to open their eyes in a out underneath the UFO turned out Kathryns spirit iree, it will n o doubtway they have never done before. to be cylinders, one of which pulled tell the truth. 95
    • •I ill! i i 1111 111 •· EUROPE 1 970s As Heinonen related I was standing headache would disappear within ten completely still. Suddenly I felt as if days but for Heinonen theyNAM E THE IMJARVI ENCOUNTER somebody has seized my waist from continued for some time. Some five behind and pulled me backwards. I months later he was still sufferingDATE 7 JANUARY 1 970 think I took a step backwards, and in from the same pains and althoughPLACE IMJARVI , SOUTHERN FINLAND the same second I caught sight of the paralysis of his right leg MAP REF: 07 the creature. It was standing in the disappeared he could still notEVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRD middle of the light beam with a black balance properly. KIND box in its hands. From around the Heinonens memory was also opening in the box there came a severely affected and it got so badI felt ill. My back was aching and all yellow light, pulsating. The creature that whenever he left home he hadmy joints were painful. My head was about 35 in (90 em) tall, with to tell his family where he was goingached and after a while I had to very thin arms and legs. Its face was so that they could search for him andvomit. When I went to pee the urine pale like wax. I didnt notice the collect him if he didnt return! Viljowas nearly black, it was like pouring eyes, but the nose was very himself was not unaffected by theblack coffee onto the snow. This strange. It was a hook rather than a event; he had a red and swollen facecontinued for a couple of months. nose. The ears were very small and and had become incoherent andThese were the after effects narrow towards the head. The absent -minded.reported by one of two witnesses creature wore some kind of overall Dr Pauli Kajanoja stated Theinvolved in an incredible encounter in a light green material. On its feet symptoms he described are likein the snow-covered forests of were boots of a darker green colour, those after being exposed tosouthern Finland in 1 970. which stretched above the knee. radioactivity. He added Both men It was late afternoon on There were also white gauntlets seem sincere, I dont think they hadWednesday, 7 january 1 970 when going up to the elbows, and the made the thing up. I am sure theycountrymen Aarno Heinonen and fingers were bent like claws around were in a state of shock when theyEsko Viljo were out skiing. They the black box. came to me; something must havepaused in a small clearing to enjoy Viljo also described the creature frightened them. the few stars in the cold sunset. as luminous like phosphorus and The experience wasAfter a short time they heard a wearing a conical, metallic like corroborated by two other peoplebuzzing noise and saw a bright light helmet. The creature was less then who reported UFOs in the sky at themoving through the sky towards 3 ft (91 em) tall. same time and in the same area asthem. As it neared them above Suddenly Heinonen was hit by the Jmjarvi encounter.treetop height, they saw a red-grey the light from the box in the For Heinonen it was not at anmist swirling around it and puffs of creatures hands. The forest end; between the time of thesmoke emanating from it. Inside the became suddenly quiet, the red­ encounter and August 1 972 hecloud was a circular, saucer shaped grey mist drew down from the reported twenty-three other UFOobject, metallic in appearance and object and sparks could be seen contacts. Occasionally, he reportedsome 9 ft (274 em) wide. It had a flying into the snow. The mist hid meeting with an extremely beautifuldome above, and beneath were the creature and surrounded both space woman and one entity verythree spheres around the rim, the witnesses. Suddenly the light reminiscent of the Adamskireminiscent of the Adamski beam disappeared and was sucked Venusian who had progressedphotographs of nearly twenty years up into the craft apparently taking considerably beyond the mereearlier (page 28). From the base the entity with it. Then even the telepathy of the Adamski encounterof the object a tube suddenly fired a craft itself was gone! Heinonen was and was able to speak fluent Finnish. sharp beam of light down towards paralyzed on his right side and Viljo These later claims have tended tothe h Jfound. By this time the object had to almost carry his friend the create an atmosphere of disbeliefhad lowered itself to around 10 ft 2 miles (3 km) to their home. even amongst hardened UFO(] m) from the ground, almost Later, at the Heinola clinic they researchers, but this is probably thewit hin touching distance of the men. were examined and the doctor failure of UFO researchers to I; t he witnesses were astonished prescribed sleeping pills and understand the phenomenon fornow l : w next instant was to take sedatives. He believed that the what it really is. (An understandingwhat v. :L-i left of their breath away. symptoms of aching joints and that I feel is still a long way off for us 98
    • ·i lli llll l lll l n• · OAT ABASE 1 970sall. ) Of those who knew the silent ly. As the object left, the car It must he said that the Air Forcewitnesses one farmer, Matti systems returned to normal and were reasonably open andHaapaniemi, a neighbour, stated Maarup reported the encounter to commented We have the grea testMany people in this neighbourhood his base. confidence in the police ofti n·r. I l e 1 shave laughed at this story. But I Maarup was particularly a trained observer, and we do notdont think its anything to joke concerned over the strangeness of seek in any way to dismiss this kindabout. I have known both Aamo and the light; it had not faded but had of observation. SubsequentEsko since they were little boys. actually drawn upwards, as if it were investigation showed that the pilotsBoth arc quiet, rational fe llows and solid. He had a Fujaxa camera in the of the T-:n training jets had not seenmoreover they arc abstainers. I am car and took three phot0$..,1faphs of anything unusual below them andsure their story is true! the object as it departed, also taking other explanations were offered There were many other sightings three more photographs once the such as shooting stars and <.:omets.of distant lights in the sky in the object was gone. Unfortunately they None of the explanationsarea around the same time a s this show very little, and nothing appeared to J., ve credence to officer rievent, which also added to the distinctly. While still outside the car Maarups statement that he hadcredibility of the case. Maarup investigated the area watched the object stationary for discovering that the metalwork of some five minutes and seem to the car was warm, but he could find dismiss rather than explain theNAME THE MAARUP ENCOUNTERS no other traces. event. Perhaps the encounter was Of the object itself Maarup not that extraordinary by UFODATE 13 AUGUST 1 970/1 4 AUGUST 1 973 described it as being some 30 ft standards, but unlike many this onePLACE HADERSLEY, JYLLAND, DENMARK (9. 1 4 m) in diameter with an had a sequel! MAP REF: J 1 1 opening in the base approximately Officer Maarup commented thatEVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTERS O F THE FIRST 3 ft (!:) 1 em) wide from which the the sighting had taught him one thing KIND light emanated. There were two and that was to keep his mouth shut. domes on the underside (possibly However, he did admit to a secondAt almost 1 1 oclock on Thursday, reminiscent of the three seen in the encounter on 14 Au$-, St 1 973 in JU13 August 1 970 police officer Evald Adamski craft, see page 28, and the almost exactly the same conditionsMaarup was driving home in his Imjarvi encounter, see page 98). and almost exactly the same time ofpolice car along a minor road when On reporting the incident to his evening and again he had takenhe suddenly encountered a bright base he received the reply, almost some photographs.white light. His car engine cut out tongue-in-check, that he should On this occasion the lightimmediately, and all its lights went consider being committed to a apparently came across fields,out. Maarup was almost blinded by mental hospital. However, following disturbing ca ttle and horses beforethe power of the light and found more serious questioning bringing his car to a halt anddifficulty even in finding the afterwards, all of his colleagues extinguishing its lights. On thismicrophone of his radio to call his stated that they believed he was occasion he saw three domesbase; a fruitless search because telling the truth. One of his protruding from the underside of thewhen he did find it it was also dead. colleagues informed the press and craft, exactly as in the Adamski The car heated up to the within a twenty-four hour period claims of two decades earlier. As theequivalent of a warm summers day officer Maarup was being besieged object left it apparently scanned theand Maarup watched as the light by journalists not just from Dcrm1ark road with its bea m and also tiltedrose above him. Beyond it he could but from many other countries. towards him to show the solidsee that it emanated from a large The official explanation given by superstructure and portholedgrey object which made no sound the Air Force through llajor Hellden indows.whatsoever. To officer Maarups of Air Tactical Command was that Officer �laarup was left with theastonishment he watched as over a Maarup had seen the landing lights same questions we all are left ith.five minute period the light seemed of a jet trainer (T-33) but Maarup Why? As he stated I haH no doubtto be drawn up inside the object and replied to this that he had indeed what I have seen. but why at Cllmostas this was completed Maarup seen the aircraft some ten minutes exactly the same time? hy on nostepped out of the car and watched after the sighting and was quite other day in the year? by in almostthe thing move on swiftly and adamant that the two were unalike. exactly the same place? 99
    • · I I I li I ll l ll lln •· EU ROPENAME THE PETER DAY FILMDATE 1 1 JANUARY 1973PLACE LONG CRENDON , OXFORDSHIRE, ENGLAND MAP REF: F1 3EVENT DAYLIGHT SIGHTING/FILMl )riving through Oxfordshiretowards Aylesbury, surveyor PeterDay watched an orange ball of light(possibly of the kind which in theearly days of flying saucers used tobe affectionately known by thenickname amber rambler) travellingat approximately treetop height lessthan a mile away from him andpulsating. Day was able to record 1 00
    • • i l l i i l l l lll llll • · DATABASE 1 970sOPPOSITE AnovE A sti l l from Peter Days the en)... TJne she felt a touch and J J e r subsequent report to hercine film on 1 1 January 1 973 . turned to sec a robot like figure husband and the police sugge sted noOPPOSITE !lELOW Artist s im pression Of ball some G ft ( l X:J em) tall standing question about her own belief Ill L l wlightning , which may well be the behind her. She fainted. event. I t was impossible tophenomenon fil med by Peter Day Ball When she came around she found determine whether or not this wasl ightning often g ives rise to UFO reports . that she and the robot were standing an internally generated image or an next to a domed object some lH ft external reality. There were ofthe sighting on cine film which has (S. !1 m) wide and :{6 ft (1 0. Y m) high. course many similarities to earlierbeen highly publicized since and She fainted again! When she next cases which had by then becomeindeed analyzed extensively by became conscious she found herself well known.Kodak who have confirmed that it is naked and tied on to a metallic tablegenuine. The sighting was also in a room where the walls werecorroborated by children and glowing in an eerie fashion. Three NAME TORINO SIGHTINGteachers at the Long Crendon human like ligures conducted a DATE 30 NOVEMBER 1 973School nearby. physical examination and when two PLACE CASELLE AIRPORT, TORINO, ITALY I nvestigation suggested at first of them left the third sexuallythat the sighting could have been of MAP REF: J 1 7 assaulted her. Not surprisingly, Mrsa crashing jet aircraft and indeed one A. fainted yet again. When she came EVENT RADAR VISUAL ENCOUNTERdid crash on the day in question but to she was inside her own car andwithout doubt not at the same time. discovered that three hours had It was approximately 7 oclock in theThe teacher and the school children passed. evening when Riccardo Maranowere quite precise about when they approached Caselle Airport in hishad seen the object and it correlated C3-PO from Star Wars - the classic Piper Navajo. As he was about toexactly with Peter Days own science fiction idea of an alien robot. land the control tower radioedclaims, thus ruling out the aircrafttheory. Frame by frame analysis ofthe film shows that in the closingframe, at the point when the objectdisappears, all of the trees appear tobend fiercely away as if in responseto an airborne explosion. No confirmed identification hasever been made of the object but ithas been speculated that Day mayhave captured elusive ball lightningphenomena on film for the first andpossibly only time to date.NAME LANGFORD BUDVILLE ENCOUNTERDATE 16 OCTOBER 1 973PLACE LANGFORD BUDVILLE, SOMERSET, ENGLAND MAP REF: F1 3EVENT ABDUCTIONMrs A. (identity withheld) wasdriving along a country road nearLangford Budville in Somerset whenher engine and lights cut out. Whenshe got out of the vehicle to examine 101
    • EUROPEinformation of an unidentified flying through the kitchen curtain and saw oval and yellow, very large and veryobject some 1, 200 ft (365 m) over abrreenish light emanating from his bright. As Mr V. flashed his torch atthe runway. Marano aborted the garden. When he parted the curtain the humanoid the entity raised hislanding and flew towards the object to get a better view he saw an hand and stuck his fingers up in abut it zigzagged away in a non­ astonishing sight in his small walled V-sign (which perhaps doesnt haveballistic motion quite beyond the garden. the same meaning wherever thecapabilities of any aircraft. Given the At the end of the garden was a entity came from as it might indistance it covered Marano small humanoid just over 3 ft. tall Europe. ) The entity then tumedestimated it to be moving at wearing a shiny one piece suit, and away and walked off towards the tallapproximately 3, 1 00 miles glowing brreen. On his head the back garden wall.(5, 000 km) per hour. humanoid had a transparent globular If the sight of the creature or his There was no lack of helmet with a tube running gestures were a less than pleasantcorroboration for the sighting; it was backwards to a backpack. On his awakening for Mr V. , what followeddetected on the airport radar, on stomach there was a bright red box was even more astonishing.military radar, and visually sighted which was luminous and sparkling. The creature scaled the wallby two other pilots and several Even more remarkably, in his hands walking up and over it as if it were acivilians at the airport. he was holding what appeared to be continuation of a flat surface, and There has been some thought a vacuum cleaner or metal always remaining perpendicular tothat the radar picked up the echo of detector, which he was passing the surface he was walking on.a weather balloon, and that the across the ground in front of him. When he reached the top he simplyvisual sighting was of the planet Mr V. flashed his torch at the flipped over the top and presumablyVenus. However, the high number humanoid who tumed round. When walked down the other side of theof corroborative witnesses suggests he tumed he had to rotate his whole wall in the same way. Shortlythat there is more to the case than body, apparently unable simply to afterwards a small round objectmere collective suggestion. tum his head, indeed all of his making a muffled noise appeared movements as observed by M r V. beyond the wall, rising away from were jerky and uncomfortable­ the scene of the event.NAME THE VILVORDE HUMANOID looking.DATE 1 9 DECEMBER 1 973 As the humanoid tumed to face A d rawing of the Vi lvorde encounter him Mr V. can hardly have been any shows the entity and the walled garden inPLACE VILVORDE, BRUSSELS, BELGIUM more comfortable at the sight. The which it was seen . I t scaled the walls of MAP REF: 1 1 3 ears were pointed, no nose or the garden by walking u p them at a gooEVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRD mouth was visible and the eyes were angle to the surface of the wal l . KINDThe Vilvorde humanoid of 197�3displayed some unusualcharacteristics which have made thiscase quite famous across Europe. The witness, Mr V. (namewithheld) and his wife were in bedasleep in their house at Vilvorde,some 71/2 miles ( 1 2 km) to the northof Brussels, in Belgium, on the night inquestion. At approximately 2 oclockin the moming Mr Y. left his bed togo to the toilet which was in a smalloutside yard next to the kitchen. As he reached the kitchen heheard a sound from outside as ifsomeone was striking the !-, fOund Twith a metallic object and he looked 1 02
    • DATABASE 1 970s No ground traces were found of his right and threw himself to thethe event, and no other witnesses ground. f t c missed !came forward. Our witness seems Instead of hitting the ground heunaffected by the encounter himself, felt himself drawn upwards into whathe continued the evening by making seemed to be a cone of light cominghimself a light snack in the kitchen! from an object above. His next I t is worthy of note that Mr V. conscious memory was ofhad had a previous UFO sighting and desperately ringing his doorbell towent on to have yet another one in be confronted by his wife concernedjuly 1974 though no humanoids were about a bleeding wound on hisinvolved in either of these. forehead and an unpleasant burn on his check. Anders contacted the division ofNAME THE ANDERS ENCOUNTER the national defence known a s The Cavalry who put him on to the localDATE 23 MARCH 1974 Home Guard chief, HardyPLACE S O DERBY, GUSTAVSLUND, SWEDEN Brostrom. The press interviewed MAP REF: MB Brostrbm and were quick to catchEVENT ABDUCTION on to the story, publicizing it locally and on radio. Alerted by theAt around midnight on Saturday, 2:� publicity Anders was contacted by ABovE The Anders abd uction tookMarch 1 974 Anders (pseudonym) local UFO investigator Sten place at the centre of a concentrationleft a party in a school hall near Lindgren who set up regression of energy lines. mapped out using theHagalund near Malmhagen. hypnosis sessions at Danderyds dowsing tech nique undertaken byAlthough he had been drinking Sjukhus (hospital) with Dr Ture investigator Arne G roth . This sketchalcohol he was not drunk and only Arvidsson. These took place on was made by the author from G roth sstepped outside for a breath of fresh 1 April and 20 May 197 4 and during o riginal .air. For some reason he then these sessions Anders recalled BELow Looki ng towards the site of thedecided to walk home some 2 lf2<3 some of the details of his abduction Anders Encounter. this photographmiles (4-5 km) to Lindholmen. It has aboard the vehicle. was taken at the position from whichbeen a subject of debate, never Having been sucked aboard, he an independent witness reportedreconciled, as to whether or not he was confronted by four semi­ seeing the cone of light that allegedlywas at this stage simply making a transparent beings. They were tall abducted the witness .spontaneous decision or whether hewas actually in the control of otherentities. He took a backwoods routetowards his home avoiding a moremajor road in order to take a shortcut. It was a cold bright night with a full moon and the area was luminescent with a layer of snow across the ground. In thisbrightened darkness Anders passeda small coltage and a circle of runicstones, as he walked towards a bendin the road. Ahead of him on the sideof a hillock Anders saw a bright lightgetting stronger and gained theimpression that it might be a carapproaching from behind. He left theroad and walked onto the grass to 1 03
    • I I I I I .I I I · 1 "1 , n ul��·· EUROPEand apparently wearing hoods, watch i n t h e local area fielding fifty Lindholmen. She thought at firstappeared to be slightly glowing and of their own personnel as well as the that she was seeing a helicoptercommunicated by a series of musical fifteen ufologists already present. descending into the valley neartones. It appears that during the During the course of that stake out Soderby, north of Granby and veryabduction the entities pierced his these groups also reported some close to the Anders abduction site.forehead with a probe like unexplained night lights. One of the Mrs Andersson drove to theinstrument which resulted in the reports received also corroborated crossroads at Haga but could not secbleeding wound his wife later saw. the Anders encounter, coming as it the object and she drove on toIn a dream one year after the event did from a witness who had seen the collect her parents at Malmhagen.Anders received a message You cone of light in exactly the same During her stay with her parentshave had my sword within you for a place at exactly the same time of the there was interference on theyear, but you dont know for what to abduction from a site some 550 yds television and the telephone was outuse it. (500 m) away. Unfortunately, her of order. They observed a large, There are two major aspects to precise location made it impossible bright UFO moving through thethe case. First, Anders sought an to see Anders himself as he would forest east of Malmhagen towards aalternative type of investigation to have been behind a copse of trees nearby gravel pit. This wasthe usual regression hypnosis, from her point of vision. corroborated by a furtherwhich he found an unsuitable and The Anders abduction was not independent report from a localunsatisfying technique. He the only close encounter of the 90-year-old retired blacksmith andapproached investigator Arne Groth Vallentuna wave and one of the also by a woman who watched thewho searched for answers with other important cases is that of Mrs object travel between SkrattbackenAnders using the cncr!, of ry H. Andersson the following evening and Malmhagen.crystallography and by studying (see below). Mrs Andersson drove on to herAnderss biorhythms. Groth also brothers at Skrattbacken whereused a divining rod to dowse the they saw the object again. Later inarea of the site in a search for NAME MRS ANDERSSONS ENCOUNTER the evening she left her brothersenergy lines and studied Anderss house to travel home with her DATE 24 MARCH 1 974enhanced aura. According to brother and his daughter in the car PLACE Sti DERBY, GUSTAVSLUND, SWEDENGroths analysis, the site of the behind. As they were driving alongabduction is the precise location of a MAP REF: M8 her brother noticed an object passcrossroads of major eneq.,ry lines EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE FIRST over the road shortly after hisand the event happened at a KIND sisters car had cleared the spot, andparticular peak in Anderss he sounded his hom to attract herbiorhythms which occurs only once Less than 24 hours after the attention. He accelerated to catchevery forty-six years. These two abduction of Anders (see page 1 03) her up and they watched the objectfacts suggest that the encounter was and coming at the same time as disappear towards a nearby farm.pre-ordained and that Anderss some thirty independent close However, Mrs Andersson anddecision to take a particular road or encounter reports in the same area, her children left the area and foundleave at a particular time could not Mrs H. Andersson sighted an object that they were paced by orangehave affected the outcome. It leads in a small valley towards Soderby coloured objects high above them,the inves tigators to believe that both (which was also reported by an one of which was apparentlyof these decisions were involuntary independent witness at Granby sweeping a torch like beam acrosson Anderss part. nearby). Mrs Andersson is a local them. There was an aftermath; the Secondly, t he event happened UFO fi.b rc and acts as the lynchpin ru children suffered headaches andduring a wave of encounters in the of an informal support group for stomach aches and Mrs AnderssonVallentuna area with over thirty UFO witnesses where they can had severe pain in her kidneys forreports coming in within an exchange their experiences without some days. She summed up theapproximately two-hour period of fear of ridicule. event It was so horrible I wish it hadthe Anders abduction and over a Her first sighting of the object never happened. I got thehundred within a l wo-month period. took place at 7. 25 in the evening impression that we were checkedThe wave caused significant concern when she was driving towards out by someone - like a big torchand the Home Guard set up a sky Vasaskolan, a school north of that swept the area. 1 04
    • . l l i l l llllu�t· DATABASE 1 970s MARS - TH E C LASS I C H O M E O F A L I E N SRt(itiT Close- u p ol one ol Ma rss lwomoons, Phobos. Phobos has i n lr tquedastronomers lor years, because ilsorbita l rnovernenls seem lo vi olalenatural laws. There have beensuggestions !hal Phobos cou l d be anarlilicial, hol low, spacesh i p in o rb i laround Mars. 01 even more i nleresl,Jonalhan Swill i n the e i g h teent h centurygave accurale dela i l s ol both Phobosand !he olher Martian moon, Diemos. I ttook years l o r modern aslronomersto catch up wi t h h i m . BELOW The RedPlanet. Ever si nce Sch iaparel l i wrole ofcanali on !he surface, Mars has beenconsidered as a possible horne lorinlell igent l ile. 1 05
    • EUROPENAM E THE BELLINGER! SIGHTING A vis made clear at a public meeting Elaine related something similarDATE 1 6 APRIL 1 974 of BUFORA that he had not found all to an out-of-body experience of the attention caused by the event describing floating sensations andPLACE PIEDMONT, ALESSANDRIA, ITALY to have been very pleasant. For that even looking back and seeing herself MAP REF: L1 9 reason I am reverting to the original inside the car while being inside theEVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRD pseudonyms that were used for the UFO. John was apparently shown KIND couple by the original investigators. ) the power unit of the UFO and saw john and Elaine A vis together with videos of the aliens home planet.A young married couple, Carla and their three young children were The aliens told them that geneticMauro Bellingeri were driving home driving home to the village of A veley experimentation was part of theirfrom a festival in the early hours of in Essex after 10 oclock in the reason for being there, an element 16 April 1974 when suddenly Mauro evening of 27 October 1 974. which features strongly in Northspotted a bright object flying to their Shortly after seeing a blue light in American cases.left and he pointed it out to his wife. the sky, described as oval shaped There has been some speculationThey saw the object dive to within and pale in colour which they about the direction of the Aviss life50 ft ( 1 5 m) of their own house. occasionally glimpsed as they were since the encounter, in particular As they drove up to their house, driving, they rounded a bend in the John has undergone changes whichMauro opened the garage door and road and encountered a green fog, have led him to be more ecologicallythen returned to the car where they which seemed to move across the concerned and more artisticallystood together watching the object. road, obscuring it just outside their inclined. He himself at a publicIt hovered soundlessly above the home village. They also appeared to meeting of UFO researchers deniedhouse and consisted of a dark ring enter a cone of silence, a commonly that any change had been dramaticsurmounted by a transparent reported feature of UFO abductions stating that he believed he hadcockpit. The ring had a row of where an unnatural stillness and always been interested in thesevarious lights around its edge. Inside quiet surrounds the witnesses. subjects anyway, and the intereststhe cockpit they believed they could They were unable to stop driving would have surlaced at some stage.see three humanoid shapes and at into the fog. When they did so the Interestingly, many encounterone point one of the humanoids car radio crackled and smoked, the cases in Sweden have left theappeared to look at them before the engine went dead and the car jerked witnesses with profound feelings ofUFO turned, fired its jets and began violently. Suddenly they were back concern for the environment and it isto rotate fast before disappearing in driving towards their home! speculated that this aspect was parta north-easterly direction. On arriving home the couple of the meaning of these Mauros sister-in-law who lives in switched on the television set keen experiences.the same house heard the noise but to watch a programme for whichdid not see the object. There were they had raced back from Elainesmany reports from the area over the parents but they were disappointed NAME THE TRIDENT SIGHTINGnext few days. to see a blank screen. In fact the DATE 3D JULY 1976 television had shut down its PLACE PORTUGUESE COAST, 40 MILES broadcasts for the evening and on (64 KM) SOUTH OF LISBON,NAM E THE AVELEY ABDUCTION checking the time they were amazed PORTUGALDATE 27 OCTOBER 1 974 to discover it was now one oclock in MAP REF: B20 the morning. They had lost two andPLACE AVELEY, ESSEX, ENGLAND a half hours! EVENT DISTANT ENCOUNTER MAP REF: G 1 2 Some three years after theEVENT ABDUCTION encounter, when it was brought to One of the most impressive UFO the attention of the UFO sightings, which has beenThe A veley event was the first investigators, regression hypnosis corroborated, comes from a trio ofBritish abduction to involve was carried out. From this came the planes that witnessed a UFO overrq.,Tession hypnosis. (The real suggestion that the couple were the Portuguese coast in 1976. Thenames of the witnesses have been subjected to medical examination by primary report was made by themade public in many books and tall silver suited figures and small bat crew of a British Airways Trident I I.articles about this event, but Mr like creatures. The captain, and the first and second 1 06
    • iII I I !I I III IUI I· OAT ABASE 1 970s THE B I LLY M E I E R P HOTOG RAP H S Swiss farmer Eduard Bil ly Meier took wel l over a hund red clear photographs of U FOs including the one here. Controversy has raged over Meiers claims, with many bel ieving him a true contactee and others claiming his story - and the photographs - are a fraud. Sceptics have pointed out that the photographs are usually taken with the camera facing into the sun. which wou ld obscure such details as supporting wi res. Further controversy raged when smal l models of the saucers were found in Meiers possession; he stated he had made them based on the objects he had seen. His case was investigated by writer Gary Ki nder who has released the story to the world in the book Light Years.officers were all interviewed and is a star o r planet. The captain also mean a ship. It was customary toconfirn1ed the story which was took the unusual step of radioing to track ships on the English Cha!Ulelsubsequently also confirmed by the the passenger cabin and telling the which gave much more significantcrews of the other planes. passengers If you look on the returns than the smaller aircraft. The Trident was about 40 miles starboard side, you will sec what we This return on the radar suggested(64 km) south of Lisbon when the believe to be a UFO. something three times bigger than acaptain heard Lisbon air traffic The third corroboration came 200,000 ton (203,200 tonne) tanker!control radio to a Tristar, which was from a Portub JUese State Airlines Although they turned down theflying above them, saying We have 727 whom they also heard radioing cabin lights they could see nothing inreports of the UFO. Could you Lisbon air traffic control confirn1ing the direction of the radar returnconfirm the sighting? The Tristar the sighting. However, the story which may mean only that it was notwas already confirn1ing to Lisbon air was not yet over. illuminated.traffic control Yes we have this After landing at Faro airport the No conclusion has been reachedUFO in sight, when the crew of the aircraft 1 turned around and took off concerning this case though for aTrident II also spotted the object. I t for the return flight to London. The time the hoary old weather balloonwas a very bright light, later captain decided to use the radar to explanation was trotted out but todescribed by one of the passengers scan the area where the sighting had nobodys satisfaction.of the plane, who had binoculars, as been. As the plane was climbing just Oer two months later on 1 9a bright light surrounding something towards 3 1 , 000 ft (9, 4 SO m) with September 1 976 a Portuguese Statelike crumpled silver paper. As they the radar tilted upwards he got an Airlines Boeing 707 taking off fromwere looking at it a long brown cigar astonishing return. He stated Lisbon had a near mid-air collisionshape appeared slightly below and to afterwards it was much bigger than with a UFO described as bright andits right. The captain of the Trident any ship I have ever seen. The gloing and with a row of red andalso confirmed to Lisbon air traffic captain was specifically questioned white lights around it. This objectcontrol that they had seen the UFO about this reference to a ship in case was also seen by the air trafficand stated There is no way that this he meant aircraft but he did indeed controller. 1 07
    • • I l l [ 1 11 11111111• E U RO P ENAM E THE AVIANO BLACKOUT other witnesses including control explained that there were two basicDATE 1 JULY 1 977 tower personnel. races visiting the Earth: the tall During a normal training flight blond graceful people concerned forPLACE AVIANO NATO BASE, NORTH-EAST they had encountered a bright, us and the short dwarf aliens ITALY circular, orange-coloured object interested in genetic engineering. MAP REF: L 1 6 pacing the helicopters. The circle This latter claim, of course,EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF T H E SECOND disappeared at an amazing speed mirrors the findings of many KIND quite beyond the capabilities of ufologists over the past thirty years aircraft of the day. and has been highly publicized sinceIn the early hours of 1 J uly 1977, US Other helicopters in flight the Betty and Barney Hill encountersoldier james Blake at the NATO confirmed the sighting and on the (see page 42).base at A viano saw a very bright ground several people had beenlight hovering over the location of watching it through binoculars. M ount Etn a , Sicily. The scene o f antwo military aircraft; this was Radar had detected nothing and extraordinary encounter in July 1 978 .corroborated by other personnel on the official explanation was that thethe base. It was described as being helicopters had encountered ansome 1 50 ft (46 m) in diameter, aircraft operating out of Sardinia inspinning with a dome on top and the course of an ordinary flightvarying in colours from green mission. through to red. During the one hour which theobject remained at the base there NAM E MEDINACELI ABDUCTIONwas a total power blackout. This DATE 5 FEBRUARY 1978was corroborated by an independent PLACE MEDINACELI, SORIA, SPAINwitness living nearby who noticed MAP REF: E 1 8that the base was in darkness whichwas something he had never seen EVENT ABDUCTIONbefore. He also noticed a mass oflight low over the base. just a few The witness, known only as julio,seconds after the object flew away was walking his dog in the earlybeyond the mountains the base hours of 5 February 1 978 when helights came back on in a mysterious realized he had experienced a timefashion. loss. In regression hypnosis The official explanation of the sessions with psychologists, julioencounter was that it was no more recalled being blinded by a light,than the reflection of the moon on taken into a room and beinglow cloud. confronted by tall, Nordic type aliens who were more concerned to examine his dog than himself. InNAME THE SARDINIA HELICOPTER fact, a full medical examination was ENCOUNTER undertaken of both and after aDATE 27 OCTOBER 1 977 period of blackout he found himself returned to Earth with painful eyes.PLACE CAGLIARI , SARDINIA, ITALY Apparently during his encounter MAP REF: J20 he discovered that our planet isEVENT DISTANT ENCOUNTER regarded as a beautiful oasis in the Universe which attracts manyMajor Francesco Zoppi of the 2 1 st visitors, suggesting an explanationHelicopter Group of the Italian Air for the astonishing variety of entitiesCorps and his co-pilot Lieutenant reported. Even more amazingly, andRiccardelli released a statement assuming that the case is not aregarding a sighting confirmed by prefabrication, the witness 1 08
    • . , , , l ll l l lllll n • · DATABASE 1 970sNAME THE MOUNT ETNA ENCOUNTER pat tern of three bright red lights were described by the wllnesses a s pulsating in the sky while they were beautiful. As two of the entitiesDATE 4 JULY 1978 together on Mount Etna in Sicily. walked towards them, the groupPLACE MOUNT ETNA, SICILY, ITALY One of the lights headed down was paralyzed by some power. The MAP REF: L21 towards the group and disappeared entities. however. did nothing butEVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRD some 1 , 000 ft <:m.-t m) away behind returned to their saucer which took KIND the brow of a hill. off. Shortly after the wit nesses had When the group drove towards recovered the usc of their l i mbs .A group of four witnesses, two the site they saw that resting on a They noticed one veryItalia n Air Force personnel (F. rock was a saucer shaped U FO interesting point; as another car hadPadellero and A. Di Salvatore), an some -1 0 ft ( 1 2 m) across with a passed by the site, the UFO hadI talian Navy officer (M. Esposito) brilliantly li t plexigla ss type canopy dimmed and t hen brightened againand Sih ora Antonia Di Pietro saw a 111 on top. Six tall entities were when it was beyo nd them,UFO consisting of a triangular standing next to the object. They apparently concealing itself. 1 09
    • · l l ll li l ll ll u . .. E U ROPENAM E THE FLYING ELEPHANT 10 ft (3 m) of the object and watched entities appeared to have had as geometric fib llres began to form hunchbacks or at least some forn1 ofDATE APRIL 1 979 on its surface; triangles, squares, enlarged growth between the backPLACE 36,000 FT OVER SOUTHAMPTON trapezoids, circles, etc. He noticed of the neck and the shoulders, a ENGLAND that other lights were apparently rarely reported observation. This is MAP REF: F1 3 a feature that occurred in the 1954 flashing on other parts of the disc.EVENT DUMBO RETURNS! At one point the whole upper case in W�gierska Gorka (see surface of the disc illuminated a large page 83), which was not recalled byOccasionally a UFO mystery is H-shape. In this respect it sounds the witness until 1 986 by which timesolved, as in the case of this report. somewhat reminiscent of the U FO the details of the Czluch6w sighting When the passengers of an once seen over San jose de Valderas were generally known.airliner flying at 36,000 ft. in Spain. Suddenly the object Even more extraordinarily, the( 10, 972 m) reported seeing an emitted a bright blue light and the entities glided over the groundorange, flying elephant outside the witness felt burning before he rather than obviously walking on it,aircraft every UFO researcher and turned and ran away. aided, possibly, by the fact that theirevery psychologist must have The following morning he had a legs apparently ended at the kneesconsidered that here was proof of form of oppressive headache, burns with only an invisible gap betweenmass hallucination if ever there was. and sore abcesses on his face. the knees and the ground itself! TheHowever, some extraordinary witness shouted at them but theyclaims turn out to have not so glided away even faster andextraordinary explanations; in this NAME CZLUCH OW SIGHTING vanished. He never saw them againcase a huge advertizing balloon for a DATE AUGUST 1 979 but he did see a brilliantly lit UFO flycircus had broken free of its over the treetops approximately PLACE CZLUCHOW, POLANDmoorings and had risen to terrorize 1 00 yds (91 m) away from him. MAP REF: M 1 2the airlanes! The only physical trace that EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRD appears to have been left of the KIND event was that the dogs fore-pawsNAME PIASTOW ENCOUNTER were paralyzed for six months Mr Z. (name withheld) was rowing following the incident.DATE 22 MAY 1 979 on a lake at Czluch6w in Poland inPLACE PIASTOW, NEAR WARSAW, POLAND August 1979 when he saw a dark MAP REF: 0 1 2 egg shaped object moving on the NAME THE LIVINGSTON ENCOUNTEREVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER O F T H E SECOND surface. It was apparently making no DATE 9 NOVEMBER 1979 KIND sound and causing no commotion in PLACE LIVINGSTON, LOTHIAN, SCOTLAND the water and shortly after it was MAP REF: F10An event occurred near Warsaw in first sighted, it moved behind aMay of 1 979 which was reminiscent peninsula and out of sight. EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE SECONDof the film Close Encounters of the A second witness, Mr Y. , KINDThird Kind, and could well have verified this sighting but also lostbeen an imaginative attempt at sight of the object from his position. At approximately 10. 1 5 in thecommunication. As Mr Y. approached the site he morning on Friday, 9 November The witness, W. R. , was walking saw two humanoids in dark clothing 1 979 forester Robert Taylor, a 6 1 -in the local park at approximately 1 0 moving into the nearby forest. Two year-old local inhabitant ofoclock i n the evening, when h e saw dogs owned by Mr Y. ran towards Livingston, Scotland, encountered athree bright lights on the path ahead the entities who faced them and UFO and entities of the mostof him. He realized that the lights apparently forced them to run back extraordinary nature.were beaming down from a dark disc to their owner. With his dog, Taylor drove in hisshaped object hovering above the The witness noticed that the pick-up truck to inspect young forestpath. The object was apparently entities were approximately trees in an area just off the M8some 10 ft (] rn) wide and shaped 4-4 ft 6 in ( 1 22- 137 em) tall wearing motorway which connectslike an icc-hockey puck. something resembling a diving suit Edinburgh to Glasgow. He stopped The witness walked to within with shields across their eyes. The the pick-up and walked to the site he 1 10
    • 1 il lil ll lll ll n •· DATABASE 1 970s may have been trying to camouflage t rousers for any further forensic itself hy hazing in and out of solidity. examination that can be undertaken. The witness was uncertain whether Of the witness himself, Taylor is the object itself was transparent or described as honest and resp<msJble reflective but got the impression and not the sort of person to play that its normal colour was of a dull jokes. With perhaps some difficulty !-, ey and had a texture of a rough f he now believes he saw an sandpaper. The real shocks were extraterrestrial craft and robots. yet to come ! For a while he carried a camera in just seconds after first seeing the case he should encounter them object, two small, spiked spheres again. Investigation into his personal either dropped down from it or circumstances revealed a man who mshed from behind it, rolling across drank very little alcohol, was of the ground on extended spikes generally good health and with no towards Taylor. They were significant history of head injury or approximately 3 ft (9 1 em) wide and suffering from headaches or also a dull grey, similar to the main blackouts. According to the craft. As they reached him, the investigator his hearing is good and spheres, one on each side, attached he wears glasses only for reading. themselves to his legs and he felt Whether the experience was an himself being dragged towards the objectively real one or something object. He was overwhelmed by an created by Taylor is, as in many acrid smell and lost consciousness. cases, always open to question. When he came to, the objects However, the very thorough were gone and his dog was racing investigation by Steuart Campbell around him in an agitated state. suggests that the ground traces and Taylor himself had apparently lost physical evidence which was found his voice and was unable to stand gave little support to the contention comfortably. He was forced to crawl that t here were no physical objectsForester Robert Taylor witnessed a close some 90 yds (82 m) back to his present at all.encou nter at Livingston in Scotland in pick-up tmck but shortly ran it into On the other hand, theNovember 1 979. He was attacked by two soft mud in his desperation to leave investigation also suggested that itmi ne-l i ke objects. the area and consequently had to was unlikely that the object was walk home. For hours afterwards he man-made since there appeared towanted to inspect; as he rounded a had a headache and a thirst which be no likely manufacturer in thecomer he was astonished to sec lasted for two days. proximity. In any case, flying suchwhat was hovering in the clearing Subsequent investigation of the an object to the clearing wouldahead of him. site showed ground markings which almost certainly have come to the The object was approximately correlated to the spikes on the small attention of somebody on the 11820 ft (6 m) wide and 1 2 ft (3. 65 m) spherical objects where they had motorway which is a mosthigh, globular for the most part but apparently churned up the grass. Of frequently used one in Scotland.surrounded by a flange similar to the particular importance was the Although very close to thebrim of a hal. Protmding upward damage to his trousers; they were motorway the encounter itself couldfrom the hat were what appeared of a heavy blue serge but were tom not have been seen since the treesto be motionless propellers placed on each leg where, apparently, the would have obscured the ,·iew of thearound the rim. Behind them and on spherical objects had attached site. However, any flight path intothe main body of the object appeared themselves. The tears were the clearing would hae been be the outline of portholes or at upwards, suggesting that they had yet there are no corroboratin:least somewhat different coloured been fonned by dragging him reports. Did the object emerge inpatches. Beneath the rim the object forwards and were investigated by the dearing in some other way orwas slightly darker and the witness the B 1 itish U FO Research was it a natural phenomenongot the impression that the object Association who currently hold the misperceived by Taylor? 111
    • , t l ll i ll l l l l n •· EUROPENAME CERGY-PONTOISE ABDUCTION Fontaine g o t into h i s car to get a Fra n k Fontaine leaving pol ice headq u arters better look at it but when his at Cergy-Pontoise after his abduction.DATE 26 NOVEMBER 1 979 companions found the car he had French ufology was divided by the case;PLACE CERGY-PONTOISE, FRANCE vanished. A week later he returned, Fontaine later confessed it was a hoax. MAP REF: G 1 5 apparently unaware of having beenEVENT ABDUCTION away. He gradually told his story of ufologists into those who supported having been abducted aboard a UFO the claims and those who believedSome UFO cases arc important for and taken to an alien planet. Franck they were prefabricated. Accordingtheir mystery while others are said that the aliens were interested to a report on the case sent to me byimportant for their eventual in one of his companions, Jean­ respected French researchersolution. The abduction of Franck Pierre Prevost, who they were Claude Mauge, prominent ufologistsFontaine belongs with the latter. selecting as one of their missionaries such as Michel Piccin and On 26 November 1979 Franck on Earth. investigators from the French­Fontaine, with two companions, was The three men apparently government -associated researchoutside an apartment block in the enjoyed the public appearances and group (GEPAN) concluded that thesuburbs of Paris early in the morning notoriety which followed the affair was a hoax. Fontaine laterwhen they saw a UFO above them. encounter and the case split French admitted that it was indeed a hoax. 1 14
    • ·l l i l l i ll l lll l n • · DATABASE 1 980s 1 980s alarmed to discover that the bus apparently caused C od frc y , under seemed in fact to he an object s ome h ypn o si s to cry out Tht·y <1rc ,N A M E GODFREY ENCOUNTER 20 ft (() m) wi de , ltl ft (tl . 2 m) high horrible, horrible. l ie tt:n s a w and hovering above the road. It was wha t appeared to be a large dog (aDATE 28 NOVEMBER 1980 dome sha ped a nd s p in ni ng. C odfrey feature u n i q ue to t hi s experience).PLACE TODMORDEN, WEST YORKSHIRE, could see what a ppe a red to be The tall huma n oid en t i t y was ENGLAND win do ws around the top. When he apparently called joseph, and he MAP REF: F1 1 encouraged Godfrey to lie down on a tried to radio his base he foundEVENT ABDUCTION neither his car radio nor pe rsonal bed where some fonn of transmitter would work. While examination took place.UFOs frequently fall foul of the law watching the object he sketched it. Constable Godfrey (now noand there is an impressive list of G odfre y was hesitant about making longer with t he force) has alwayspolice officers across the world, and his report but did so when he heard maintained a very level headed andparticularly in the United States, that other police had been reporting sensible attitude towards thewho report encounter experiences. UFOs around the same time. experience. He a c knowl e dge s t hatEngland, too, has its share as in the Re,h ession hypnosis sessions T he docs not know what the o bj ec tcase of police constable Alan were undertaken and revealed that was nor what the degree of realityGodfrey of Todmorden, West the constable appeared to was in relation to the regressionYorkshire, who was interrupted experience fear and heightened hypnosis sessions but of coursetowards the end of his night shift on emotion at his apparent maintains his desire to find out.28 November 1 980. experiences. He believed he was in Driving onto a main road, heading a room faced by a man about 6 ft PC Alan Godfrey displayi ng a sketch of thetowards a local estate to investigate ( 183 em) tall wearing a robe and object that may have abducted h i m ,reports of loose cattle, Godfrey saw skull cap. There were other together with one of t h e entities t h a t hewhat he thought to be a bus ahead of creatures in the room, non­ encountered . Godfrey maintains level­him. As he approached he was humanoid dwarf like objects, which headedness in his search for answers . 1 15
    • E U R O PENAME RENDLESHAM FOREST formed indentations were believed ------ to be landing traces.DATE 29 DECEMBER 1 980 There were more extraordinary,PlACE RAF/USAF WOODBRIDGE, SUFFOLK, and more dubious, claims of silver ENGLAND suited aliens, of communication MAP REF: G 1 2 between the base commander andEVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF T H E SECOND the extraterrestrials, and of films KIND and photographs of the contact being taken which were then confiscated.The tranquil darkness of There is little corroborativeRendlesham forest was shattered in evidence for these later claims.the early hours of a late December Radar stations in the area,morning when a triangular shaped including RAF/USAF BentwatersUFO landed, or possibly crash (itself the subject of an earlier radarlanded, amid trees to the rear of the visual encounter in the late 1950s,joint United States and United see page 86) tracked an unidentifiedKingdom airbase at Woodbridge in object on radar at the time.Suffolk. According to USAF intelligence According to a report by officers, the radar indicated aLieutenant Colonel Charles Halt, the possible crash landing in the forestdeputy base commander at the time, near Woodbridge.two United States Air Force According to the book Skye rash,security officers saw unusual lights by j enny Randles, Brenda Butlerin the forest to the rear of the base. and Dot Street, the two securityThey requested permission to officers, one given the pseudonyminvestigate on the basis that an james Archer and the other airmanaircraft may have crashed into the john Burroughs, gave reports whichtrees. It was to be the beginning of confirmed the report given byan extraordinary night. Lieutenant Colonel Halt. They made Three patrolmen tramped no comment about alien occupantsthrough the forest towards the though did state that they believedglowing object and approached to there were shapes inside the object.wit hi n a few feet of it. It was I dont know what, but the shapesclcscribcd as triangular in sh a p e did not look human. Maybe theyapproxima t e ly H ft (211 em) wide were like robots. ;mel h ft O HJ em) high and emitting a The mystery deepened furtherbright white light. There were when a tape recording alleged tor e port s of a red light on t op and a have been made by Lieutenantbank of blue ligh t s beneat h which Colonel Halt and others wasseemed to indicate that the obj e c t released, apparently describing, aswa s sitting on short legs. Possibly it happened, the search through the establishment intent onwishing to avoid direct contact as woods and encounter with the disinforn1ation (feeding ludicrousthe officers approached, the object object. I have heard portions of the inforn1ation to people with a view tomanoeuvred through the trees away tape and had the impression that it discrediting it) or by unprofessionalfrom them towards a nearby farm, was stage managed but whether it is ufologists who by chance founddriving ca t t le there into an agitated a total fabrication or whether the themselves involved in a major case.s t a l e before taking off at tape is edited badly, falsely creating If the tape is faked then the preciselX t ra < mlinary s peed. a wrong impression , is difficult to identity of the person who did it may l mL s t igal ion I he following day say. If it was fabricated then the never be known.siH lWL·d t hr e e sm;11l depressions in question remains as to who Perhaps the most telling part oft he ground vvlwrc I he object had fa b ric a te d it. Presumably it was the encounter came in 1985 whenbeen sighte d . These str;mgdy eit her a military or defence forn1Cr Chief of Defence Staff, 1 16
    • :i l i l l llllln•· DATABASE 1 980sAdmiral of the Fleet Lord H ill­ intrusion into British airspace I d o n t know what [they were ] . b u t t h eNorton, wrote to Michael H eseltine. around a United States / B ritish s h a p e s d 1 d not l o o k h u man M aybe theyt he then Secretary of State for airbase from a foreign or alien pm,·e r were l i k e robots . · So sa1d o n e of t h eDefence, requesting details of the t h e n clearly there w a s a defence security officers of USAF RAF Wood b r i d g ecase. On behalf of Heseltinc a reply sih TJ1ificancc. The altcmatie was a ft e r s e e 1 n g t h 1 s ob)ect i n t h e f o rest beh 1 n dwas received from Lord Trefgame that the report by deputy base t h e A i r Fo rce b as e . I t m a n o e uvred t h r o u g hstating that The events to which commander Lieutenant Colonel H alt the t rees . a n d t o o k o ff m s pectacu l a ryou refer were of no defence was a hoax. a joke. or a symptom of fash 1 o n . D e s p 1 t e a l l th 1 s . a n d a w ntte nsih 1flificance. him being out of his mind . One rep o rt by t h e d e p u ty base c o m m a n d e r Lord Hill-Norton pointed out that could arh JUe that any one of (see database e n t ry f o r deta 1 1 s l. thethis was an extraordinary claim by these surely also has defence official British lme was that t h e re w a s 1 0any st and ar ds . If there had been an TJiificance � sih defence s 1 g n 1 f 1 cance 117
    • ·t lll ill lll ll n •· EU ROPENAME HESSDALEN LIGHTS egg shaped, with porthole like analyser, geiger counters, cameras features, but there were also and infrared analysis.DATE 1 981 - 1 985 spherical objects, cigar shaped Few people studying thePLACE HESSDALEN VALLEY, NORWAY objects and less distinct forms. Hessdalen claims would attribute MAP REF: J7 Over a four-year period many the events which occurred toEVENT LIGHT PHENOMENA ufologists camped in semi­ extraterrestrials or their craft. It is permanent bases in the Hessdalen far more likely that the lights areThe problem for most ufologists valley and employed a variety of part of a natural phenomenon but notstudying reports of UFO activity is equipment to study the lights. one which is fully understood bythat they are invariably studying a Officers of one of the Norwegian science. In one sighting it appearedhistorical claim, sometimes years defence divisions joined them for a that the lights were interactive withold, and studying an event which period and Project Hessdalen the witnesses; as they flashedseems never to repeat itself. received at least the approval if not torches at the lights so the lightsHessdalen provided one of very few the support of the authorities. flashed back. Some investigatorsopportunities for ufologists to Project Hessdalen was set up which have speculated that theseundertake a long-tem1 controlled included UFO Norway, U FO represent some form of hithertostudy of repeating phenomena Sweden and the Society for unknown intelligence on the Earth.between 1 9Hl and 1 985. Psychobiophysics, as well as Support for a natural explanation In November 1 9Hl local people in independent ufologists from Finland. seems to come from the fact thatthe area of the Hessdalen valley The project was able to obtain after 1 985 the sightings died away.reported strange lights sweeping technical equipment from The earth lights theories proposedbet ween the mountains and making universities, and employed an Atlas by Devereux and others (Paulextraordinary manoeuvres. Many :woo radar, a seismograph, a Devereuxs books Earth Lights andwitnesses described the objects as magnetometer, a spectrum Earth Lights Revelations) indicate 118
    • I i ! l lfiUnr DA TABASE 1 980sthat t here must be some possibilitythat t he sightings were the result ofsome underground seismic activitywhich then subsided. Certainly thewhole of Scandin;Jvia is subject t oconsiderable seismic activity as aresult of t he isostatic readjustment(which is a movement of the earthscrust) caused by the last retreat oft he ice age. As with most U FO events. someof the explanations offered weremost extraordinary. One suggestionwas that too much inbreeding in thearea had produced an entire localpopulation of physically and mentallydefective people whose problemsincluded hallucination. There ismore photographic evidence for thisinvestigation than any other UFO OPPOSITE Professor J Allen Hynek (right) ABOVE AND BELow Two of manyevent in history. I t suggests t ha t visits ProJect Hessdalen which gave photographs of lights i n the Hessdalent h i s explanation, to put it in t he ufologists a rare opportun ity to study valleys, seen over a four- to five-yearnicest possible way, is supported by anomalous lig hts over an extended period period . A w1de range of mstrumentat1oneverything except the facts� of time between 1 98 1 and 1 985. was used i n the course of the study . 1 19
    • II urope is a ufologically rich continent, as the this theory is not as strongly held in most European database demonstrates. In fact, in terms of countries. In America, the study of the psychological ufological activity it is second only in the world aspects of the UFO phenomena are broadly confined to North America, and specifically the United to treating them as a by-product of a physical event. InStates. The way in which UFOs are perceived and re­ Europe, the study of psychological aspects has tendedported in these two continents, however, is very difficult. to concentrate on examining whether or not UFO Firstly, there is no United States of Europe; the events could themselves be the manifestations ofdifferent nations of Europe have distinctly individual psychological processes.characteristics. I ndeed, ufology seems to be following Sociological study of the UFO phenomenon isthe business world where the intensified pressure strong in Europe, with a great deal of emphasis placedtowards turning all nations into one European nation on understanding the human background to witnessesare actually increasing nationalistic tendencies. In the and events. Again this is regarded as only incidental tofield of UFO study these national characteristics have the American study of ufology; and, broadly speaking,surfaced not in the nature of the UFO reports, which amounts to a study of the extent to which physicalhave a global uniformity within very wide parameters, UFO events may affect sociological processes.but in the intnpretatirm of those reports. Mythological comparisons are heavily studied in Within Europe, there are si!-, mificant national differ­ Europe whereas they are totally rejected in America.ences in approach. B ritain, Scandinavia (particularly It is recognized in Europe that the UFO phenomenon,Sweden) and France lead the field in the comparative whatever else it may be, is a modern mythology. Thisstudy of modern day U FO claims with the folklore is not to say that it is totally mythological, but that aclaims of earlier centuries and particularly the stories mythology has built up around real events to such aof the faerie folk and other Celtic legends. Germany, degree that it is probably masking the truth - whichSweden, Belgium and Spain have been strongly remains yet to be understood.receptive to contactee claims (the claims of those who Another major difference between America andbelieve they are in contact with benevolent aliens Europe is that the story of American ufology is toldseeking to guide and protect the Earth). Sweden andBritain are very strong in studying the connectionbetween UFOs and the Earth mysteries and particu­larly the belief that the UFO phenomenon mayrepresent something natural, but non-human, aboutthe planet. Seen against the background of North Americanufology, the common ground which exists betweenEuropean countries begins to emerge. Whereas inAmerica there is a general, national acceptance of theextraterrestrial hypothesis (ETI 1 ) , i. e. that UFOsrepresen t a visitation to this Earth of alien spaceships, 1 20
    • • 1 1 i l ll i i i i i 1 U • •· B E Y O N D EXT RA-TE R R ESTR IALSthrough its cases each characterized by a firm circles i s h y amateuri sh, cultist devotees who ha veacceptance of the ETI I. whereas in Europe the story already decided what results they want from theirof ufology is told through its theories. examinations. Indeed cornfield circles have become a One example of this is the famous cornfield circle modern ink-blot test for anyone to see almostphenomenon, which occurs mainly in southern Eng­ anything they want to in them. I t is also very obviousland. These formations appear in the late spring and that many of the people involved in cornfield researchsummer, generally in crop fields. They arc usually are there because of the publishing prospects offered.remarkably symmetrical in shape ;md represent swirl­ In other words cornfield circles are the moderning patterns of flattened crops. It is held that these equivalent of the more extreme contactee claims ofrepresent a part of the UFO phenomenon arising the 1 9SOs in America.oris., inally from the theory that they were the landing r Individual European countries have experiencednests of alien spacecraft. This was a theory that never waves of particular types of sighting, or at leastheld water since, for a start, it required space craft interpretation of sighting: in 1 9S4 France was subjectwith specially rotating landing legs to form the to an extraordinary wave of U FO reports almost all ofpatterns that emerged. In fact no such object had ever which involved entities and most of which were variedbeen reported and indeed very few UFOs were ever in description; in 1 967 Britain was subject to areported in the vicinity of cornfield circles. The British considerable wave but mostly of aerial sightings and -UFO Research Association (B UFORA) made a con­ for one period - particularly of flying crosses. It seemssiderable study of the cornfield circles along with that sightings, or at least interpretation of sightings,bodies such as the National Farmers Union and the were governed by national rather than EuropeanTornado and Storm Research Organisation. They characteristics at this time.were able to conclude that t he cornfield circles were a Britain was home to one of the worlds great UFOfonn of hurricane vortex pattern caused by the concentrations at Wanninster in Wiltshire. Warmins­touchdown of wind and pressure vortices. In short ter was far more than a series of U FO reports andthey were an extraordinary but nonetheless natural cases, it was a sociological event. It really kicked off inphenomenon. 1 965 when Gordon Fau lkner photo.l, aphed something Tf Although com circles are interesting in themselves, resembling a childs spinning top which was highlythey should not be linked to UFOs. Unfortunately a publicized in the Daily Mirror, a tabloid newspaper..l, eat deal of the study that is being applied to cornfield Tf and gained the nickname of the thing. Suddenly theRIGHT The cornfield circles have beenforced upon ufologists by a puzzled p u b l ichungry for answers. Apart from theglowing red ball which appears over theirformation and is probably due to theionization of air, their relevance to thesu bject of U nidentified Flyi ng Objects isminimal. They are almost certainly apurely natural formation , though they areextraordi nary enough to suggest that anunderstanding of their characteristics willadd to an understanding of similarmysterious phenomena.LEFT For those who thought co rnfieldci rcles were a new phenomenon this 1 678woodcut suggests otherwise; here thedevil mows ci rcles i n Hertfordsh ire . 121
    • • 111II [ I II U i n•· EUROPEthing was being photographed and spotted all around Europe, with far more critical and broad-mindedthe Warminster area. Sky-watches of devoted ufolog­ analysis than in those early years.ists took place on Cradle Hill and Starr Hill which often Spain had its extraordinary UMMO affair whichhad the appearance of being something like a UFO comprised a bizarre series of messages coming fromspecialists scout camp. Large groups of UFO de­ The Cosmic Federation of Planets. The messagesvotees would flock to the area from all over the gave full details of the origin and home of the visitingcountry to spend the night watching the skyline and aliens which came from the planet UMMO, rotatingthe stars in the hopes of seeing one of Warminsters around the star I UMMA, which we apparently callfamous things. There was a great camaraderie - a Wolf 424. There were extraordinary photographs ofcamp fire atmosphere without the camp fire - and it walnut shaped spacecraft with strange hieroglyphs onhas to be admitted not all of the nocturnal activity was the underside.devoted exclusively to UFO-watching. In Wales there was the extraordinary Dyfed For the most part the sky-watches consisted of enigma: hundreds of UFO sightings which attractedswapping U FO stories, of occasional dubious sightings remarkable local publicity and which became sociolo­that caused some excitement at the time and of the gical events similar to Warminster. Undoubtedly theyodd extraordinarily humorous episode. I recall being at were some form of concentrated light phenomenaone sky watch (not a t Warminster, in fact, but at perhaps similar to the phenomena at Hessdalen (seel lorsenden II ills just outside London) where it became page l l 8), but other claims built on these - almostapparent to me that the leader of the sky-watch was a certainly mythologically - were incredible. One ex­little over-enthusiastic about ETH to say the least. ample was the claim that a U FO had an undergroundWhile the rest of us took only scant notice of the base in a rocky island off the coast despite the fact thatflickering lights coming from underground trains every investigation indicated no secret UFO basecrossing the points as they entered s tations next to whatsoever.the hills this particular individual logged each and Europe, of course, has had its share of hoaxes. Sixevery one as an incoming UFO. He did the same for bleeping saucer shaped UFOs were found across theevery moving light in the sky despite the fact that we southern counties of England. They turned out to bewere on the main flight path into the worlds busiest part of an elaborate prank organized by students fromairport at Heathrow. I finally gave up in desperation Farnborough Technical College. There were also thewhen he ran off across the hills shouting that he had very dubious assertions of one Cedric Allingham whoseen an entity which he was chasing, leaving the rest claimed to have met a Martian in Scotland andof us shouting Do you mean that rabbit? photographed his craft, which was remarkably similar More seriously, the sky watches were a very to the Adamski saucer photographed in America theuseful source of UFO-related data, not about the year before (see page 28). Allingham seemed to haveUFOs but about the people involved in researching been overly protected from enquiries by his publishersthem. In the decades that have passed since, UFO and suddenly died making further analysis impossible.research has much more come of age, at least in It was almost certainly someone playing a joke on ufoloJ., ists though his identity has never been proven. r j enny Randles points out that one of the candidates for the role was none other than astronomer Patrick Moore, who has never shown any serious tolerance for UFOs. lJ FOs became so popular that they could be used to explain almost anything. In 1 96:� farmer Roy Blan­ chard found a crater 8 ft (244 em) wide in his potato field and apparently was in no doubt that the crater had been formed by a spaceship landing in the field. As he told reporters I didnt actually see it but what else could it have been? Obviously some craft from outer space since it sucked up my barley and potatoes when it took off. The Charlton crater (the field was at Charlton in Wiltshire) became world famous. One Australian expert calculated that the saucer that had 1 22
    • ·i l l l l lllll llln • · BEYONO EXTRA· TERRESTR IALSRIGHT A photograph taken by CedricAllingham at Lossiemouth , Scotlandwhere he met a Martian in 1 954 . Thesimila rity between this saucer and theones photographed by George Adamski ayear earlier are unlikely to be coincidenta l .Allingham is almost certainly a hoaxerwho was playing on the publicity of theearlier claims , probably as an attackagai nst g u l l i ble ufologists .OPPOSITE The Thing photographed byGordon Faulkner in 1 965. This photographwas highly publicized in the tabloid p ressat the time and started a wave of interestin flying saucer sightings in theWarminster a rea of England . Flying saucerspotting in Warminster became a socialevent.done the damage was 500 ft ( 1 52 m) wide and weighed In any case, the UFO phenomenon will undoubtedly600 tons (6 10 tonnes), probably having a fifty man mutate as it has always done and what the future forcrew. According to the expert We think these craft Europe will hold is uncertain. I think it likely thatare coming from somewhere in the region of Uranus. Europe will take centre stage over and above the(And all on the testimony of a hole in the ground!) United States eventually, as the United States is more England is of course a country of eccentrics and it and more seen to be not adhering to the ETI I so muchhas produced an enom1ous amount in the UFO field as clinging to it by breaking fingernails. Althoughwhich reflects this national characteristic more than recently, many of the US scientific h Jfoups are be­anything ufological. To name them might be unfair but ginning to develop a more European approach so thatany reading of the UFO material from the 1 960s would what might emerge is a transatlantic unification.paint a strange sociological picture. Openness and analysis will slowly attract the respect Less than eccentric, but far more dangerous, are of the scientific community from which ufology willsome of the characters that have sought to attach then be able to h Jfow and from which those scientificthemselves to the bandwagon. British ufoloh has Y disciplines will also be able to expand. Apart from thesuffered in the past from researchers who claim to core of t rue mystery which lies at the heart of ufology,have undertaken regression hypnosis sessions on a sociologists could leam a lot from a study of theh Jfeat number of abduction witnesses and then believe development of the phenomenon. Folklorists couldthat they own the witnesses and will even threaten also do so and the psycholo_b sts will find an enonnous J]injunctions against anybody who even mentions their amount of material in among true ufoloh J]cal material.cases. Indeed they seem to feel that a second line of But speculation is idle as it has always been in thisincome from UFOs can be obtained through com­ subject. The next major e·ent could well tum out topensation from dubious court cases against a UFO be on some other continent, which would then allow itcommunity not easily able to defend itself in a legal to take centre stage. As Europe more than any other system which, in Britain, is more designed to protect continent so adequately indicates. UFOs are a trulythe rich crook than the poor honest man. Their first global phenomenon. The national bounclmies are line of income comes, of course, from publication - but important only in as much as they bring into focus the primarily only in sleazy tabloid newspapers. national characteristics of their people, which simply For the future, the signs are that this kind of affect the perception of a phenomenon. But theprofiteering is going to proliferate both in the United phenomenon itself seems generally quite unifonn ;melStates and in Europe, probably changing the U FO the key which unlocks the i-,feat ufoloh J rical mysteriesphenomenon dramatically, and for th e worse. could lie in any part of t h e world at any time. 1 23
    • AS EARLY AS 1 946 - THAT IS, EVEN BEFORE THE OFFICIAL C OMMENCEMENT OF THE AGE OF THE FLYING SAUCER - PROFESSOR KAZANTSEV WAS SPECULATING PUBLICLY ABOUT THE POSSIBILITY OF EXTRA-TERRESTRIAL INTERVENTION IN THE HISTORY OF MANKIND . KEY TO MAP OF THE EASTCD The Robozero Lake Sighting, Robozero Lake, USSR @ Shanxi Airport, China0 The Tungus Event, Tungus, Siberia , USSR ® Amana Abduction, Sayama City, Japan0 Hill 60 , Suvla Bay, Gallipoli, Turkey @ Lintiao Airbase, Gansu , ChinaCD Pushkino, USSR ® Kuwait Close Encounter, Umm Alaish, Kuwait® Sverdlovsk, USSR ® Hunan Province. China® Rybinsk, USSR @ Lan Xi , China0 Shanghai , China ® Tientsin Airport, China® The Green Triangle , Ogre Observatory, Lativia. USSR ® Spiral UFO, Guizhou, China® Ukraine, USSR @ Baikonur Attack, Baikonur Space Centre, USSR@J Gobi Desert, China @ Heilong Jiang Province, China@ Dingxian City, Hebei Province , China @ Aeroflot Flight 8352, Lake Chud, Near Minsk. USSR® Zhang Po County, Fu Jian , China @ Gansu Province, Lanz Hau , Gansu , China® Petrozavodsk, USSR @) The Russian Park Giants. Voronezh, USSR
    • f UFOs are extra-terrestrial spacecraft, we Hobana and julien Weverbergh, UFOs from behind the I would expect them to make their appearance Iron Curtain, chronicled sufficient cases to make it more or less impartially throughout the globe. clear that UFO activity was not entirely a cultural If they are natural phenomena, though they contrivance of capitalist propaganda. But the authorsmight be affected by local variations of terrain and were able to list only fifty-one sightings in the entireclimate, it is even less likely that they would be Soviet Union. Did this mean the Russian peopleselective with regard to the locations in which they werent seeing UFOs, or that they were not reportingappear. Consequently, researchers for many years them, or that their reports were being ignored orhave been puzzled about what to make of the relative quashed? The strict restraints on publication meantrarity of UFO reports from the Soviet Union, China, that it was impossible for outsiders to gauge the realand the Eastern bloc generally. situation underlying the apparent lack of activity. So far as underdeveloped countries were con­ It was not long, however, before it becamecerned, the absence of UFO reports could be evident that the lack of activity was more apparentaccounted for quite simply, on grounds of low level of than real: a deliberately created illusion. What gaveeducation and the absence of appropriate channels of the game away was the way in which fluctuations inreporting. How would people know what to report, the public reporting of UFO activity synchronized withand where would they report it to? fluctuations in official policy. Whenever, as happened Ironically, among the earliest suggestions made from time to time, the authorities temporarily sof­when flying saucers were first reported in the United tened their hard line, private groups were formed,States was that they might be secret military devices articles would be published, only to vanish when theof Soviet origin. In the Cold War era, the suggestion authorities changed their mind again.was not so preposterous. However, it soon became From China, too, occasional reports wouldevident that this idea was not viable, with the result emerge which sugge� .ed that UFO activity was notthat most came to favour an extra-terrestrial origin. unknown there, either. For example, in 1 980 the Whether, left to themselves, the Soviet people Chinese newspaper Beijing Wanbao published awould have come to the same conclusion, can only be photograph showing a shapeless blob of light. This, ita matter of speculation. The authorities imposed their appeared, had been taken by Xin Seng and Bi Jiang.own explanation and, with it, a blanket on all While camping near the Great Wall on 23 August, theyalternative explanations. So, in 1953, listeners to woke at 4 a. m. to see a luminous object in the skyMoscow Radio were officially informed that Flying over Beijing: it hovered silently for more than half ansaucers are a fantasy invented by Western militarists hour. This enabled the campers to take the photo­to frighten their taxpayers into accepting higher graph published in the newspaper, which was hailed asdefence budgets. Chinas first UFO photograph. True, there were occasional tantalizing indications Moreover, though the sighting is unremarkable inthat despite official explanations, UFOs that did not itself, it is significant that it is only one of many -seem to be mere fantasy were appearing in Soviet several of them multiple - to have been reported inskies. In 1 97 2 a book by the Romanian/Dutch team Ion China in the course of that month. If we suppose that 1 26
    • UFOS AND F R E E D O M OF I N F O R MATIONonly a small fraction of those seen were reported, we actually landed at Voronezh in the So viet l i mon. Wasmay infer that a fairly massive UFO wave occurred at this truly an expression of the new freedom in Sovietthat time in that place. I lad it occurred in the United cultural life, or was Soviet propaganda striking againStates, say, it would have been easy to put it into the this lime with a deliberate attempt to defuse interestperspective of UFO sightings as a whole. But because in the subject by ridiculing it ?so little was known about the situation in China, it was Taken at face value, the reports could he seen asnot clear whether the August 1980 tlap was a a sign that the same freedom which was manifestingone-of-a-kind event or a glimpse of on-going UFO itself throughout the Eastern bloc now included flyingactivity in China comparable to that experienced in saucer reports. If this is so, they also showed that,other parts of the world. !-, iven that freedom, the Soviet people and the Soviet r The true state of affairs was revealed a year later media would, between them, generate the same kindswhen journalist Shi Bo and a colleague launched the of sensational absurdity as the rest of the world.journal Exploration UFO, and received more than In his 1967 dossier UFO Sightings in the USS R:�. 000 reports in the course of a year. Though these (never published) Felix Zigel rejects landings andincluded a small percentage of tricks and sensationalist encounters with UFO occupants as fiction or hallucina­claims, the great majority seemed to be honest tion - as most serious ufologists in the West arereports by sincere witnesses. Clearly, the silence inclined to do. But just as in the West there is awhich had apparently prevailed hitherto was not an substantial body of opinion which believes that theseaccurate reflection of what the Chinese man and events take place on a matter-of-fact level, so it iswoman in the street were actually experiencing. certain that there will spring up schools of thought, This was confirmed in 1982 when Shi Bos book each favouring different viewpoints, in the SovietChina and the Extra-terrestrials was published in Union, China and elsewhere in the Eastern world.France, documenting reports going back to the early Nor is that the only problem ufologists in the Eastnineteenth century as well as more recent activity will have to learn to deal with. It has been clearlywhich compared pretty well with experience else­ established that the Soviet government, on severalwhere in the world. The English-language compilation occasions in the 1970s, used the flying saucer myth UFOs over modern China, independently published in as a convenient camouflage for secret rocket laun­the United States by Paul Dong and Wendelle ches. The Soviet authorities deliberately allowed theirStevens, confirmed both the quantity and the diversity citizens to develop a panic situation, causing fears ofof sightings. Many of the cases in one book did not American nuclear attack and all kinds of anxiety andappear in the other, hinting that there was probably a hysteria as occurred at Petrozavodsk on 20 Septem­ vast reservoir of undisclosed material. ber 1 977, rather than reveal their space activities to A regrettable consequence of the political isolation the rest of the world. Such disinformation is some­between the Eastern and Western blocs has been that thing ufologists have to accept as just one of theirinformation flow has been very limited. In the cases of problems, whether in the East or in the West.the UFO phenomenon, it is characteristic that such Paradoxically, the new freedom in the SOietEast-West exchange of data as has taken place has Union may make it more rather than less difficult forbeen for the most part of the poorest and most effective UFO research to be conducted. From nowsensational material. Unless he/she is lucky enough on, serious UFO researchers in these countries, likenot only to read English but also to have access to their colleagues in Western Europe, Australia and theserious UFO publications, an Eastern ufolob would lj_st Americas, are going to fmd that their first and mosthave no choice but to get his/her knowledge of difficult task is to separate the signal from the noise.Western UFO research from those books which happen to have been translated. These, with rareexceptions, are the silliest and most sensational items,books which any serious Western researcher would HILARY EvANS is the overseas liaison consultant and adismiss out of hand. By contrast, the work of serious special ist p u b l ications ed itor for the B ritish UFO Researchinvestigators is almost wholly unknown. Association . He is a researcher of many years stand ing , an Of course the same thing is liable to happen in author of many books and articles o n U FOs and paranormal reverse. Typically, the one UFO event in the Soviet experiences , and a reg ular contributor at UFO sym posia Union which made its impact on the entire world was th ro u g hout the worl d . H ilary has been co-editor with John the mid-1989 report that extra-terrestrial entities had S pencer on two compilations i n the U FO stud ies field . 1 27
    • PRE 1 900 1 900s horizon and following the explosion they reported a sinister-looking,NAM E THE ROBOZERO LAKE SIGHTING NAM E T H E TUNGUS EVENT mushroom-shaped cloud.DATE 1 5 AUGUST 1 663 DATE 30 JUNE 1 908 Even 500 miles (800 km) from Vanovara, in the village of Kansk,PLACE ROBOZERO LAKE, USSR PLACE TUNGUS , SIBERIA, USSR the explosion was heard as a MAP REF: E5 MAP REF: J7 deafening noise and one train driverEVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER O F THE FIRST EVENT PRE-ATOMIC AGE ATOMIC in that town even stopped his train KIND EXPLOSION? thinking that one of his own freight cars had exploded.Part four of the historical files At approximately 7 oclock on the Above the Taiga (forests) ancompiled and issued by the morning of 30 june 1908 a massive enormous hurricane began to tearArchaeoloh cal Commission contains ri explosion was heard from the away from the Tungus regiona report submitted by the St C yril forests of the Tungus region of destroying roofs of houses andmonastery of a strange sighting over Siberia. I t had been preceded by shattering windows. Huge wavesRobozero Lake in the USSR in the reports from many hundreds of flooded the banks of the Angarayear 1 663. farmers, hunters and fishermen of river. In London, shock waves were On 15 August many of the the remote region who had recorded on barographs .inhabitants of the district of witnessed an object travelling at The Tungus explosion hasBelozero had gone to church in the great speed through the sky become legendary and the precisevillage of Robozero. While they emitting a light more dazzling thanwere in the church there was a that of the sun. Most of the Fo rest devastation following an airbornesudden crash from outside and many inhabitants of the village of Vanovara explosion i n the T u n g u s reg ion of Siberiapeople left to see what had saw the light travelling along the i n 1 90 8 .happened. One of the witnesses,Levka Pedorof, saw what happenedand even had an explanation for it : itwas a sign from God. At approximately midday a hugeball of fire had descended overRobozero from a cloudless sky; thefire was approximately 1 4� ft (45 m)wide and projecting in front of itwere two beams. It disappeared(there is no description of how) butapproximately an hour later it re­appeared over t he lake, travellingtowards the west where it vanished.Later it returned and hovered overthe lake for an hour and a half. Fishermen on the lake wereseverely burned by the closeness ofthe object and the lake water was litup to t he dept h of some �9 ft (9 rn) .According to t he report, even thefi sh fled to the hanks . . . 1 28
    • 1 1 1 1 l l i l lll111•1 DATABASE 1 9 1 Os 1 9 1 0sdetails of what is fact and what is t roops fu r t hn forward . TI U I r I I la r c l lfiction arc obscure but what is very w a s witiHSS(·d IJy t w( · n t y - l wo nu·nclear is that a massive explosion NAM E HILL 60 o f a � e w Zealand lidd compa n y .took place in, or more probably They reached the cloud ami t h e y marched i nt o i t , t a king a l m o s t a n DATE AUGUST 1 9 1 5over, the Tungus fore st s on thatday. It was not until the 1 9�0s, PLACE SUVLA BAY, GALLIPOLI, TURKEY hour before a l l the m e n had MAP REF: A8following the l�ussian Re volution, disappeared from the observe r s that an expedition could be put EVENT THE LOST REGIMENT sight. The cloud unobtrusively liftedtogether to visit the reJ., on - on the ri off the ground joining the smallerbasis that they were going to Many respected UFO researchers clouds above and then they allrecover a J., ant meteorite that was ri refer to the phenomenon of cloud moved away towards the north. I nbelieved to have caused the lJFOs and this is certainly the most three quarters o f a n hour they hadexplosion. extraordinary example of the all disappeared from view. What they discovered was not a phenomenon on record. Since the 1 st tl th Norfolkmeteorite crater, which was At the break of day, unf cr a clear reJ., ment did not return it was ridisappointing to them because the M edi terranean sky, the 1, 4th reasonably assumed that theAmericans had just recently Norfolk reJ., ment was p<Jtsed to ri Turkish annies had raptured them.announced that they had proven a march on H ill GO near Suvla Hay, With the Turkish surrender of l 9 1 Hmeteorite origin for their huge during the ( ;allipoli campaign. The Britain demanded the return o f itscrater in the Arizona desert. The reJ.,iment noticed six to eight r reJ., iment. Turkey had not captured rsuggestion had to be, therefore, that identically shaped clouds hovering the rei., ment, had not made any riit was not a meteorite which had near the hill which in spite of a contact with it, and was quitecaused the devastation. breeze were not altering position or unaware of it. Of the 1 , 000 men who Of the devastation itself, the shape at all. Beneath them and on marched into the cloud none havesearchers found a forest of the hill itself was a larger cloud some ever been seen since .destruction which basically 800 ft (241 m) long and 200 ft (61 m)consisted of trees lying flat on the wide looking almost solid. Lacking the simster characteristics of theground and strewn outwards from The 1 st tl th Norfolk regiment, Hill 60 phenomenon . these class1cone central point. In the very centre consisting of over 1, 000 men, examples of lenticular clouds a re bothsome material still standing marched up the hill to reinforce common and harmless .suggested an explosion direcllyoverhead. Analysis of a tree trunk from theepicentre of the explosion alsoshows that the tree accelerated ingrowth after the catastrophe, whichwould imply a dosage of radiation. Comparisons between thedevastation in the Tungus and thedevastations at Hiroshima andNagasaki arc very clear and there isevery appearance in the Tungus ofan airborne nuclear explosion. What exploded in the air abovethe forests may never be known butit has been speculated that ratherthan merely a meteorite it couldhave been the malfunctioning powersource of a crashing space craft,which in 1 908 would point verymuch towards an extra-terrestrialoriJ., n. ri 1 29
    • · l ll li ll lll l u • • · T H E EAST 1 940s 1 960s communication and recovered the plane immediately. The aircraft wasNAM E PUSHKINO NAME SVERDLOVSK in a small clearing in a denselyDATE SEPTEMBER 1 943 DATE 1 961 wooded forest. It was undamaged and intact but its position made itPLACE PUSHKINO, USSR PLACE SVERDLOVSK, USSR impossible for it to have landed since MAP REF: D8 MAP REF: F7 there were no runway facilities orEVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE FIRST EVENT PERMANENT ABDUCTION clear patches. The authorities KIND comment was that it could only have A report said to arise from the been lowered gently into theSpanish volunteers fighting Moscow Aviation Institute tells of a clearing. The mail cargo wasalongside the Gennans in Russia, in mail delivery plane, an Antonov present and on testing the engine itthe Azul Division, were in a bunker AN-2P, with seven people aboard, started without difficulty. But noneduring a battle between Gennan and which was flying between of the seven on board were foundRussian Air Forces. Sverdlovsk and Kurgan. either then or since. The witnesses were astonished Approximately 1 00 miles ( 1 6 1 km) The report also states that ato see a disc shaped UFO stationed out, the pilot radioed ground control UFO was tracked on radar at theabove the planes in combat as if and then the aircraft disappeared time of the disappearance and a 1 00watching the battle as one of the from radar screens. As ground ft (30 m) wide circle of scorchedwitnesses described it. control could not raise them again a grass was found some 300 ft (92m) After a time the UFO search party was dispatched. from the aircraft suggesting thedisappeared at speed without Helicopter-borne troops went landing or near landing of a circularrevealing its source. straight to the scene of the last object. D I SAPPEA R I NG P H E N O M ENA Ai rcraft d isappearances occur a l l over the world. Perhaps the The i nci dent occurred i n the i nfamous Bermuda Triangle and most famous is that of F l i ght 1 9 and its associated rescue the l oss is general ly attributed to that phenomenon, although flying boat (RIGHT). A f l i g ht of five TB Avenger ai rcraft (LEFT) exactly what occu rs i n this extraord i na ry corner of the world has took off from Flori da on a routine t rai n i n g fl ight never to return. yet to be d i scovered. 1 30
    • • l ll ll lllllllllll · DATABASE 1 960sNAME RYBINSK, USSRDATE SUMMER 1961PLACE RYBINSK, USSR MAP REF: E6EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE FIRST KINDThe appearance of a fleet of flyingsaucers hell-bent on breachingMoscows air defences caused anunfortunate reaction from a batterycommander and forced aninteresting response from the UFOs. I n the summer of 1 96 1 missileemplacements were being set upncar Rybinsk as part of the Moscowdefences. Suddenly an enormousflying saucer appeared, flying at60, 000 ft ( 1 8, 208 m) and surroundedby smaller attendant U FOs. Despitethe height the battery commanderauthorized firing a salvo at theobjects and all exploded beforereaching the target. Before anyharm could be done the smal1attendant U FOs apparently stalledall the electrical apparatus of thebase and then flew back to rejoin thelarger craft; only then did theelectrical apparatus start up again.NAME SHANGHAIDATE 1 JANUARY 1964PLACE SHANGHAI, CHINA MAP REF: 012EVENT DISTANT ENCOUNTER Cigar-shaped UFOs such as the one in this Observatory i n Latia, USS R,A large cigar shaped U FO was seen illustration are one of the most commonly itnessed what they at first thoughtby many of the population of reported configurations in the world . was a solid trian�rular object. OnceShanghai in january 1 964 . they examined it through theApparently M I G fighters were NAME THE GREEN TRIANGLE telescope they saw that it consis tedscrambled to pursue it but were not DATE 26 JULY 1965 of a large object surrounded byable to engage the object. three smaller green balls and they PLACE OGRE OBSERVATORY. LATVIA. USSR Officially it was stated that the estimated the large central sphere MAP REF: DSobject was an American missile, to be some 300 ft (92 m) wide.proving yet again that UFOs in EVENT DISTANT LIGHT Their best estimate of altitudewhatever country they appear tend was that it was at approximately 60to end up being blamed on foreign Astronomers Robert and Esmeralda miles (96 krn) high but they couldsuperpowers! Vitolniek and Yan Melderis at Ogre offer no identification of the sighting. 131
    • THE EASTNAME UKRAINE It is believed that the approach of NAME ZHANG PO COUNTY the motorcycles was detected by theDATE 29 SEPTEMBER 1967 DATE 7 JULY 1 977 object as it took off immediately theyPLACE UKRAINE, USSR closed in. It was heading towards PLACE ZHANG PO COUNTY, FU JIAN, CHINA MAP REF: C8 the northern border of the USSR. MAP REF: 014EVENT VEHICLE INTERFERENCE As they were not well informed EVENT MASS SIGHTING about UFOs, the general feeling wasAn IL- 1 4 aircraft on the Zaporoje to that this was a new form of Although the vast majority of UFOVolgograd air route, flying over the reconnaissance craft from the Soviet activity is reported in the AmericasUkraine, encountered a UFO at an Union. Examination of the landing and in Europe, it seems that everyaltitude above its own flight level. site showed burn marks on the continent and indeed every countryAlarmingly, the planes engines cut ground, confirming the physical has its own spectacular and uniqueout and it glided down towards what reality of the report. involvement in the UFOwould have been a major disaster. phenomenon. Such is the case in thisHowever, 2, 625 ft (800 m) from the event though regrettably theground the UFO disappeared and 1 970s uniqueness amounted to mass panicthe aircrafts engines restarted, and death.leaving a shaken crew to complete NAME DINGXIAN CITY Early in the evening of 7 julythe remainder of the journey DATE SEPTEMBER 1 971 1977, at Zhang Po County, Fu jian,uneventfully. China an open air film was attended PLACE DINGXIAN CITY, HEBEl PROVINCE, Of all the vehicle interference by some 3, 000 people. Suddenly CHINAreports received from around the two glowing orange UFOs MAP REF: M1 1world full power failures on aircraft descended towards the crowd soare rare and, curiously, seem to be EVENT DISTANT ENCOUNTER low and so close together that panicmost reported in Asia although many ensued. The witnesses could feelinterierences are reported in all Chen Chu was serving with the the heat of the objects and hear aforms of transportation. Peoples Liberation Army during an low humming sound and they assignment north of the city of claimed that the objects passed so Dingxian in September 1 97 1 when low that they virtually landed.NAME GOBI DESERT he witnessed a UFO event. It was The sighting was of shortDATE APRIL 1 968 approximately 7. 30 in the evening duration and the objects ascended and Chen Chu, and others, and disappeared very quickly;PLACE GOBI DESERT, CHINA witnessed a globular object rising unfortunately in the ensuing panic MAP REF: L1 1 slowly and emitting a misty gas. 200 hundred people had been injuredEVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE SECOND After apparently hovering, it fired a and two were killed. Examination of KIND strong jet and rose higher, then the film being broadcast showed that remained stationary for a time it was not the result of any opticalWhile working on an irrigation before descending again. Eventually illusion or light effect caused by theproject in the Gobi desert, Gu Ying it descended out of sight. transmission.and a companion witnessed the The incident was reportedapparent landing of a UFO. They immediately and the army unit sent asaw a n illuminated disc-shaped car to investigate. On returning, the NAME PETROZAVODSKobjec t , red-orange in colour and unit claimed to have chased the DATE 20 SEPTEMBER 1 977about 10 ft Urn) wide approximately object around the mountain roadshalf a mile from where they were. before losing it. PLACE PETROZAVODSK, USSR MAP REF: ESWhen i t landed, the commander of The witnesss credibility isthe mili t a ry unit which was strengthened by his own attempts at EVENT DISTANT ENCOUNTERunderta king the enhrineeiing project down-to-earth explanation: herequested the regiment to send confessed that having tried to Although a relatively undramaticinvestiga t ors. Motorcycle troops explain it as a plane, a balloon or case in terms of sighting, it hadwere dispatched on a fact-finding some other normal object he had interesting repercussions because ofmlSSIOl1. always felt unable to do so. the governments attitude. 1 32
    • ! I ! I I I I I, lll lu •• D A I ABASE 1 970s AU R O RA B O R EA L I S I he Aurora Borea l i s . or Norltu:m L i g hts, l i ke its counterpart i n lire soultlcrn ltcmrspllere, lhe Aurora Austra l is, or Soulhcm L i g hts. is a natural almospllCr ic cllecl wtucl r can tJe observed at near -polar lali lurJes. Althou g h usua l l y seen as bands ol l i g l1l shimmering over a lon g per iod, there arc si g hlin g s of smal ler, quicker f lashes which can account for some ol lhc di stant si g htin g s !hal arc repor ted Auroras arc caused by char g ed subatomic par l l cl c s from the sun r ntcract rng with atoms and molecules in l11c Earths upper atmosphere. They occur at hi g h lati tudes on account of the facl lhal lhe part icles from the sun are concentrated over the poles by Earths magnetic field. Of t he case itself t here were elt.·ctromah lletic effects driving NAME SHANXI AIRPORTmany reports by residents of vehicles off the roads and even one DATE 26 JULY 1 978Pctrozavodsk t hat a giant, glowing claim that it was the forerunner of a PLACE SHANXI AIRPORT, CHINAjellyfish shaped UFO was hovering nuclear at tack on the city. MAP REF: M 1 1over the city. It was never seen The Russian p ;overnment madeexcept from a distance and was seen no statement and this was taken to EVENT DISTANT ENCOUNTERfor only a ten to t wenty minute be an official acceptance of t he UF< )period, during which t ime it phenomenon. It may be that the Fl�·ing instructor Sha Yon.l! kao w;tsamounted only to a light l{ussians decided to usc the UFO hriYing tlying ins truction at 10, ()( )( ) Itphenomenon. It appears to have phenomenon to corer up a particular CUJ lS ml when both he ;mel h is puptlmanoeuvred over the city, event of their own and, if so, must saw two .�.! lowing l fF( )s nrdmg t heapparently shining down tine rays have felt somewhat embarrassed to aiqlort and then tlying a wa y .that appeared to be like rain. The be paid back in pounds for their Yon.l!kao at temp t e d purs uit o l t hL·object t hen became a bright semi­ pennies of outlay. obJed s and was told by radiP t ha tcircle, red in t he centre with white V estcm obscrn·rs bclien· that there were no othe r aircraft 1 1 1 til(around it until it iinally disappeared. the Russian gon·mmL·nt did not arc;1 and that t hL· y were 11! 1 [ The rase produced a sudden want to admit to t he launch of a ret urning ( 1 1 1 Ll(br.outburst of mass hysllria. There military satellite or any other fonn of The same ·itm·ss had a SLC( )JlC� were many exciltd responses from send satellite from nearby cn,·ounter le s s t h ; m ; 1 year b t L· rt he population, and legendary tales, l lesl l sk; a subject which the w hln h e w i t ill S St · d ; 1 ! ; 1 s t !11t l ll1,lC:unsupport ed, of holes being hoa·d Russian government typically never l F( l ; 1 t ;1 h e i g h t ( )f dppr -:ir�ld i d � into t he pa-cments. of bizarre commented on. : U H lO f t ( �l l l m i . 1 33
    • T H E EASTNAM E AMANO ABDUCTION NAME LINTIAO AIRBASE On the following night employeesDATE 3 OCTOBER 1978 DATE 23 OCTOBER 1978 of the centre witnessed a more extraordinary encounter: a hugePLACE SAYAMA CITY, JAPAN PLACE LINTIAO AIRBASE, GANSU, CHINA cylindrical object larger than a jumbo MAP REF: 01 1 MAP REF: K1 2 jet approached the site. The sevenEVENT ABDUCTION EVENT MULTIPLE WITNESS SIGHTING witnesses described the dome and flashing red lights and watched theLate in the evening on 3 October Early in the evening on 23 October object for seven minutes before it1978 Hideicho Amano drove to the 1978 a large crowd of people disappeared. During the duration oftop of a mountain near his home to including many military personnel the objects stay the pumpingtake advantage of the good were gathered in an open air system automatically shut downreception on his CB radio. He was theatre. Together they witnessed which suggested there had beenplanning to use this to talk to his the approach of a UFO. some kind of electrical failure. Itbrother. His two-year-old daughter, It was a cloudless night and the restarted when the UFO left, whichjuri, was also in the car. stars were clear when from the east should be physically impossible since At the top of a mountain, with the a huge object approached. It was after any shut-down the system hasradio on, the car was suddenly apparently oblong, had two powerful to be manually reset.illuminated. Amano looked around searchlight beams in front and According to one report camerasbut could see no obvious source. trailed a luminous wake from its were handed out to field workersBut the source had located juri! rear. There seemed to be a fog near the site should the object Suddenly Amano became aware surrounding the object. Fighter return and on 21 November it did ­that his daughter was lying across pilots had the object in sight for several photographs were allegedlythe rear seat of the car with an more than two minutes and were taken but never beam shining onto her certain they were looking at a largestomach. Before he could react he object near the ground flyingfelt a metal object press against his relatively slowly. NAME HUNAN PROVINCEforehead and he looked up to see a Apparently nobody had a camera DATE 1 2 SEPTEMBER 1 979strange, hideous entity: short and and was able to photograph it, which PLACE HUNAN PROVINCE, CHINAwith no obvious nose. was a cause for some regret. They MAP REF: M 1 4 Although paralyzed there appears could be comforted by the fact thatto have been some kind of in the West a great many witnesses EVENT THE GREAT CHINESE BLACKOUTcommunication attempted; he felt have made the same lament, whilethe presence of visual images being those who did have cameras City blackouts associated withplayed into his mind and heard high lamented over the fact that their UFOs have frequently beenpitched screaming noises. After an photographs proved very little! reported in the West, and particularindeterminate period of time the reference is made to the Greatentity disappeared and the electrical North-Eastern Blackout of thecircuits of the car and radio which NAM E KUWAIT CLOSE ENCOUNTER United States (see page 50).had died, suddenly came back to life. DATE 9 NOVEMBER 1 978 China too has been able to offer Amano was in a state of panic and its own version from September PLACE UMM ALAISH, KUWAITdrove down the mountain as rapidly 1979 when in the early hours of the MAP REF: B12as possible, not even looking back at evening there was a power failure inhis daughter. At the bottom, he EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE FIRST Xuginglong and Huaihua, cities ofturned to her, she appeared KIND Hunan Province. A brilliant UFOunharmed by the experience and was seen over the towns emittingrequested only a drink of water. On the night of 9 November 1978 white rays before vanishing without Amano retired to bed with a there were reports of flying saucers a sound. severe headache and then over the Kuwait oil centre near 1 t is believed that there haveremembered that the entities had Umm Alaish to the north of Kuwait been other power failures associatedplanted something into his brain to city. The reports claimed that once with UFOs but that the governmentalert him to their presence, and they observed the flying saucer had has felt the need to suppresshave promised to return. dimmed its lights and disappeared. information about these. 1 34
    • DATABASE 1 980sNAM E LAN XIDATE 13 OCTOBER 1979PlACE LAN XI, CHINA MAP REF: 013EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRD KINDWitnesses to UFO events act quitedifferently to one another and onesuch example comes from Lan Xi inChinas Shekiang province inOctober 1979. A truck driver, Wangjian Min, driving at 4 oclock in themorning, encountered a parked car.Inside the car, the driver describeda strange craft that he had seenlanding ahead of him and told Wangjian Min that he was too scared toapproach it. Wangjian Min was apparentlynot so afraid and led the way up thehill, with the other car following, toconfront the object. The domeshaped UFO was sitting across theroad emitting a blue glow and besideit were two short entities dressed insilver. The witness noticed they alsohad what appeared to be lampsbeaming from their helmets. Still notdiscouraged, Wangjian Min pickedup a crowbar from his truck and an anomalous echo. During the Radar-detected UFOs are among the mostsallied forth. approach to the airport the planes common types of sightings , all the more The UFO and its occupants had return on the screen lost contact for authoritative when visually confirmed .obviously heard of the expression several seconds. On contactingDiscretion is the better part of Flight 402 they discovered that what However, the captain of the flightvalour; both the entities and the they were watching on the screen indicated that in trying to lock on theUFO disappeared. did not correlate with the aircraft, automatic direction finder the plane indeed it should not have been had locked on to an unknom showing up on that particular radar transmission source; later, the plane 1 980s at the time. Later during the successfully locked on to the proper approach the anomalous radar transmission.NAME TIENTSIN AIRPORT return came back again, and tllis The last anomaly in the case wasDATE 16 OCTOBER 1980 time it was visible alongside the during the touchdown of Flight 404 return of the aircraft itself; the when one of the control towerPlACE TIENTSIN AIRPORT, CHINA image lasted a few seconds and personnel heard interference on the MAP REF: N 1 1 disappeared again. radio and believed someone wasEVENT RADAR DETECTED ANOMALY Most extraordinarily there was a tuning in to the control tower. In second flight in the air at the time, addition to the tower, the aircraftRadar control at Tientsin Civil Flight 404 , which could not have crew and radar personnel listened toAviation Bureau were plotting Flight been the source of the UFO since it the interference but no-one could402 when the radar screen returned was moving in a different direction. identify the source. 1 35
    • THE EASTNAME SPIRAL UFO Wang Aining in Henan described An artists i m p ression of an i n co m i n gDATE 24 JULY 1 981 what he saw as a wash-basin some meteor . The fiery glow is cau sed by 60 ft ( 1 8. 3 m) wide, spinning and frictio n which occurs as the meteor entersPLACE GUIZHOU , CHINA dispersing flashes of blue light. He the Earth s atmosphere . MAP REF: L14 also noticed it was surrounded byEVENT SPIRAL UFO white fog. Li Zhengai of the Peoples would be many sighting reports, Liberation Am1y believed he was which indeed occurred. ZhangOf one thing we can be certain about looking at the moon until he Zhousheng also described the UFOthe spiral lJ FO seen in China in recognized it was in the wrong part that would be seen; he said it would1 �8 1 , it is that it was a real physical of the sky. The local weather be larger than the moon, wouldobject. It was reportedly seen by stations confirmed the sighting but appear to be a disc shape andmany hundreds of people !-, ving ri were unable to confirm its identity. possibly spiral, would rotateindependent reports from all over University professor Shi clockwise and be bright in the centrethe province. Zunsheng reported seeing a U FO with a fog surrounding it. Zhang Farmer Tian j in Fu, in the late with a row of portholes and drew a Zhousheng also commented that theevening, first saw the object when it sketch of a classical saucer although sighting should last some tenwas about the size of the moon and up until that date he had been minutes.later saw a tail appearing from it severely critical of UFO claims. Actually Zhang Zhousheng wasforming a concentric spiral around If all of this were not remarkable using very simple scientificthe original object . enough, ever more remarkable was principles rather than any psychic Across parts of the province the fact that the sighting had been powers. He had been tracking thepeople were frightened by the predicted a month earlier! path of a meteor shower due to passapparition, while others were Astronomer Zhang Zhousheng of through the atmosphere at the timeexcited: an understandable cross­ Yunnan Observatory had announced of his prediction and in this way hesection of reaction t o something so that between 10 and 30 july UFO had foretold the effects that theystrange. activity would intensify and there would have. 1 36
    • · i l l! lll l llll u • • · DATABASE 1 980sNAME BAIKONUR ATIACK broken welds. At the nearby Chinese Air Force pilols palrolhngDATE 1 JUNE 1982 housing complex where the other the North China border reported an lJ FO had been there were extraordinary, and potentiallyPLACE BAIKONUR SPACE CENTRE. USSR thousands of panes of glass damaged dangerous, encounter. MAP REF: F9 or broken out. The centre was out The danger came with the firstEVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE FIRST of action for t wo weeks for repairs. alert of the sighting when the j et KIND fighters electrical systems NAME HEILONG JIANG PROVINCE malfunctioned and theirOn 1 june 1 982 two lJFOs were communication and navigationseen hov e ring over the Baikonur DATE 18 JUNE 1982 system cut out. Ahead of the planes PLACE HEILONG JIANG PROVINCE , CHINASpace Centre, one payin g particular was an unidentified object MAP REF: N8attention to the launch pads. approxima t ely the size of a full Examination of the pads the EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE FIRST moon, glowing yellow-f_ reen. As it rfollowing day revealed that there KIND closed in on the planes it grew tohad been considerable structural resemble a mountain of green mistdamage, with loose rivets and During a localized wave of UFO within which certain black objects activity over Heilong jiang Province could be seen. Because of theThe Baikonur Cosmod ro me. in China in june 1 982 a flight of five electrical system failures the planes were forced to return to their base. NAME AEROFLOT FLIGHT 8352 DATE 1985 PLACE LAKE CHUD NEAR MINSK, USSR MAP REF: C6 EVENT DISTANT NIGHT LIGHTS This report, which comes from both the Peoples Paper and also the official news agency Tass, was publicized in 1985 though no date was given for the event. According to the report Flight 8352 was flying from Tbilisi to Tallin when at approximately 4 oclock in the morning the plane, a Tupolev TU- 134 encountered cloud UFOs. The first trace of the sighting was apparently when the second officer noticed a bright star-like object above and to the right which seemed lo fi re a laser-like beam down toward the ground . Other crew members confmned the sighting. The laser-like beam of light thinned out into a more diffuse cone of light; all the crew of the Tupole· estimated that they were looking at something coming from approximately 30 miles (48 km) high. The con e of light had been 1 37
    • THE EASTscanning the J.., Jfound and illuminating NAM E GANSU PROVINCEthe landscape very clearly, suddenly DATE 1 1 JUNE 1 985it turned on the aircraft itselfobscuring the crews vision. PLACE LANZ HAU, GANSU, CHINA Suddenly the star-like source of MAP REF: K1 1the beam seemed to increase in size EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE FIRSTbecoming almost a yellowish-J.., Jfcen KINDcloud and it looked as if it was rapidlyapproaching the craft. For tllis China was one of several countriesreason the captain ordered radio to report an extraordinary UFOdetails to be confinned of the during 1 985. On 1 1 june, Civilsighting to air traffic control in Aviation Administration Boeing 7t1 7,Minsk, which was unable to verify flying from Beijing to Paris,the sighting visually or by radar. witnessed the object in the late The cloud UFO exhibited some evening, over Lanz Hau in Gansunon-ballistic movement finally Province.swinging round to behind the The UFO flew across the path ofTupolev and pacing its flight. The the airliner at extremely lligh speedcrew noticed smaller lights causing the captain - Wang Shutingzigzagging inside the cloud. Finally, - to consider an emergency landing. O n e of two o ra n g e globes which appearedair traffic control admitted they Of particular importance was the i n J u ly 1 989 i n a s u b u rb near the R u ssiancould see flashes of light on their size of the UFO, also reported in city of Perm .horizon which was in approximately other countries in the same year: anthe correct position for the apparent diame ter of 6 miles. creature with them. Interestingly,transmission from the Tupolev. the proportions arc the exact Remarkably, the cloud at one opposite of most Western alienpoint seemed to be trying to NAME THE RUSSIAN PARK GIANTS descriptions - dwarf bodies, hugecamouflage its shape, replicating the DATE OCTOBER 1 989 heads - though reflect perhaps theoutline of the Tupolev itself! The folklore of Russia, in which giants PLACE VORONEZH, USSRpassengers were now somewhat feature strongly. The sighting MAP REF: D?alanned by the cloud and the captain seemed to confirm a previous reportinstructed them to be told that they EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRD from Penn in central Russia when awere seeing the Aurora Borealis. KIND milkmaid had claimed to meet a A second aircraft flying in the taller than average creature with aopposite direction also confinned The Soviet news agency Tass small head.the sighting when the two aircraft almost gave way to sensationalism in Scientists apparently went to thewere some 10 miles ( 1 6 km) apart. late 1 989 when it reported a flying park in Voronezh and found a 60 ftAs they were examining the cloud saucer landing in a suburban Russian (18.3 m) wide depression in theUFO with Lakes Chud and Pskov in park. However, the report certainly grass, four deep dents, wllich arethe background they were able to had credibility as the involvement of regarded as landing trace evidence.make a reasonably accurate scientists investigating the area After the giants left there wereestimate of the size of the cloud, showed, and perhaps reflected the reports that several of the witnessessome 25 miles (t10 km) wide. When liberalization taking place in the had been gripped by a fear forthe Tupolev landed at Tallin the countrys media. several days.radar control there confirmed that According to the report, a UFO Investigation of a flap is slow butradar had detected not just the landed in a suburban park at it appears at the date of writing tllisaircraft but two additional returns. Voronezh, some :mo miles (483 km) that there was indeed a wave of I n March 1 985 the USSJ{ south of Moscow, and witnesses sightings in the area at that time. AAcademy of Sciences announced saw two giant entities walking full investigation of this will probablyThe Acroflot crew of Flight 8352 nearby. They were described as tall take about five years, assuming ahad encounte red " something we and thin but with tiny heads and they reasonable level of access to thecall lJFOs". apparently had a small robot-like material. 1 40
    • he introduction by l lilary Evans and the T database itself give a very good impression of the state of ufology in Asia, principally the USSR and C hina as sern throu�Jz Westcm eyes.I lowever. ufology is a part of a larger spectrum, aspectrum that includes folklore, the paranonnal,mythology, sociology, and psychology. The influenceof these factors on U FO sightings is crucial to a fullunderstanding of the phenomena. Perhaps reports a recoloured by folklore? Perhaps the phenomenon has anin-built ability to react to peoples expectat ions? Notrue understanding of the phenomenon can beachieved while these sort of questions remainunanswered. For We stern ufolo� J]sts the problem is t hat we donot have full access to all that is necessary to reallyunderstand the picture of ufology in closed societies.China remains rela tively closed, and the Soviet bloc isonly just opening up (and it is still early days for anyin-depth analysis). We ha ve good report s, of course,from these countries but we can never be certain weha ve all of the important components. We need a full interaction between East and Weston this subject. wit h acce ss to government opinionsand involvement, and perhaps a fuller understanding of O n g i nally b u i l t a s a n early-wa rnmg system , t h e G reat W a l l o fthose other human factors which surround those C h m a remains the largest construct1on ever b u i l t b y m a n a n d acases. As the world opens its doors a fuller picture will lasting reminder of China s territorial isolationismemerge; it is be�J]nning to already. Several Soviet delegates have been allowed - The picture is the same as in all other part :-; of theeven encouraged - to attend Western conferences world; the phenomenon is t ruly global. It i s t he localand their input has been most valuable. l l opdully, interpretat ions which offer the ·ariety. For ;l ll ufolo­they obtain much from interaction with us. Re sear­ hJ]sts the problem is to separate source from signa l .chers such as Paul N orman and Timothy (;ood have The future under s tand i ng of t h i s global p h e ­travelled in China, and have been k rin�n acce ss to nomenon will be richer. but it lies, nen:rt h e le :-; s , in t h evaluable material. (;ood, effective. civilian U FO re­ future. A full pict ure of U FOs in this p a rt of t h e mrldsearch groups have de·elopecl in most Eastem bloc will broaden our minds and gin· u s t h e p e rs pLL t i n·scountries. we all need - it cannot be quick Lnou.� h in roming: 141
    • WHILE THERE IS LITTLE SHYING AWAY FROM REPORTS OF GHOSTS , THERE DOES SEEM TO BE A FEAR OF RIDI CULE WHEN SOMETHING OCCURS WHI C H I S THOROUGHLY ALIEN TO A PE OPLE S CULTURE . KEY TO MAP OF AFRICAQ)Drakensteen Mountain , Cape Province , South Africa ® Antoine Severi n , Reunion Island, Indian Ocean® Lake Mcllwaine, Harare, Zimbabwe @) The Landing at Loxton, Loxton , South Africa® Elizabeth Klarer, Drakensberg, South Africa @ The Canary Islands Soap Bubble, Canary Islands@ Edwin and George, Pattersons Groyne, Durban , South Africa ® Groendal Reserve, Uitenhage, South Africa® Fort Beaufort, South Africa @ The M indalore Encounter, Johannesburg, South Africa® Durban , South Africa @ La Rochelle, Mutare , Zimbabwe0 The Tennis Court , Rosmead, South Africa @ Matabeleland Encounters, Matebeleland South, Zimbabwe® The Beit Bridge Encounter, Zimbabwe/South Africa border @ The Dogon Tribes, Mali , North-west Africa
    • n Africa one is faced with a great variety of about it. Whatever village this was, it had no I cultures and beliefs and it is essential that electricity, only the smoking fires of locally hewn such diverse attitudes be taken into account wood. Could that possibly reflect in the sky above him when dealing with any report. Whereas in looking like falling, burning embers? But whatever theWestern culture, UFOs are treated with great scep­ answer, I got no further.ticism by the scientific community, the African cul­ In the Loxton Case in the Karroo, South Africatures readily allow for paranormal happenings. Predic­ (see page 1 5 1 ) , there were three other witnesses totions of death or enemy attack, by Sangomas (witch­ Danie Van Graans sighting of a caravan-like UFO. Adoctors), are often accurate although in the former young coloured boy (eight or nine years of age) hadcase this is sometimes caused by severe emotional noticed the object on the ground. I le ran to call histrauma. mother, Meitjie Devenish, who was sitting with a l lowever, spacecraft, the Extra-terrestrial young man nearby. They all saw the object on theHypothesis, and UFOs, are totally alien to black ground, but were so terrified by its implications andAfrican literature and folklore. This lack of knowledge the possibility of police questioning, that they left theis often compounded by Jack of foreign currency in the area, moving towards the S. E. Cape, to East London.developing countries to purchase books on UFOs from Dave van Rhyn tells a story about a UFOoverseas. Thus, when I approach witnesses in cases encounter during the War of Independence in Zim­of supposed sightings or contacts, I can be 99 per cent babwe (then Rhodesia) when he was accompanied bycertain that their interpretation will be representative his black sergeant, Gilbert. It was about 8. 30 pmonly of their culture. when Dave was driving the army Landrover from The one overriding factor which appears in all Chiredzi to Mutare in Zimbabwe. They had notedcultures is that of fear! The unknown can be seen as a some very bright car headlights behind them whenphysical threat and, despite varying interpretations of Gilbert pointed out that the vehicle seemed to bethe origins of the threat, creates an overwhelming travelling above the ground. Realizing there was notraumatic abyss. landing strip in the area, Dave drew over to the side of While there is little shying away from reports of the road and stopped. They both got out to look butghosts, there does seem to be a fear of ridicule when the light had disappeared; suddenly it rose up from asomething occurs which is alien to a peoples culture. hollow on their right hand side. Both men had aOn a recent phone-in broadcast in Zimbabwe, I was tremendous fright but Dave stood his ground. Thecontacted hy a young African boy of twelve. I was in light was huge, like a football field, and it passed overmy grandmothers village when I saw this "thing" them and then shot up into the sky. When Davepa ssing over, and spewing out hot, burning material, looked for Gilbert, he found him under the vehicle, stillhe said. (The village was some distance into the bush trembling with shock. The possibility of a UFO hadand isol;Jted). Later, when I contacted him, he said he entered Daves mind, but the poor sergeant had nocould not talk lo me. My mother and father told me idea what was going on.that what I saw was the lights of another village In the case of Clifford Muchena (see page 153) itnearby the boy reported. They want me to forget all must be remembered that I never suggested to Clifford 1 44
    • ·l ll llll l lllll n • · UFOs W I T H I N AF R I CAN CULTUREVast, unpopulated areas of scrubland and bush make u p much of shouted, the fireball moved sideways for about H20 ftAfrica. It is l ittle s u rprise that UFO sightings on this continent are (250 m) and disappeared behind a bush. Warrantfaw and far between . Officer van Rensburg, the policeman in charge, who had been called in by Bennie Smit, the owner of thethat he had seen UFO entities; aliens and U FOs were farm, said, I did notice that when anyone approachednever mentioned at the original interview. C lifford it, it shied away behind the bushes. alleged that the men were the ghosts of my ancestors Whatever UFOs are: extra-terrestrials or timeand I never attempted to make him think otherwise. I travellers, psychological in1agery or even apparitions,did, at the end of the interview, ask if he had heard let us not speculate wildly about Africa. I havethat there were men in space and he in1mediately interviewed many dozens of African people in thereacted. Do you mean astronauts ? he asked, course of my research. I only apply the UFOalthough he admitted that he had never seen a picture hypothesis when certain factors keep re-appearing,of one. On subsequent occasions we discussed the i. e. balls of light or the strange behaviour of lights ,probability that the fireball that he and nineteen other entities which appear to b e totally alien, machine-likewitnesses had seen, could have been some sort of craft, ozone (and other) smells, electromagneticomen or vehicle, not from this Earth. effects on both humans and machines , paralyzing of The largest number of reports I receive are in the witnesses, etc. As a field investigator of about fifteenfom1 of balls of light (BOLs). One teams to categorize years standing, I believe this is the appropriate way tothese and with knowledge gained over the years from sift the ufological data from the varied reports.books and papers I have read (such as the work ofPaul Devereux and I lilary Evans) I can give an identityto most of them. What does still puzzle me is theirintelligent movement. CYNTHIA HIND is the M U FON rep resentative for Af rica . and For example, in the Fort Beaufort case in South one of the m ost experienced researchers o n that continent.Africa, (see page 1 4H) the fiery object reacted to the Her efforts over the years have done m uch to enrichvoices of the labourers as they moved about to try to knowledge of the way in which the U FO phenomenon hascomer the object. When a labourer, Boer de Klerk, arisen there. 1 45
    • �1 1n · · fllluu�, DATABASE 1 950s near Lake Mcl lwaine, in Zimbabwe apparently a meteorite on a collision (then Rhodesia) when the two course with the Earth and ElizabethNAME DRAKENSTEEN MOUNTAIN witnesses saw a saucer-shaped watched as the metallic UFO silver object some 1 1/4 miles (2 km) apparently deflected it to avoid aDATE SPRING 1 951 above them, and about 6 miles (9 collision. In 1937 while flying fromPLACE DRAKENSTEEN MOUNTAIN , CAPE km) away. Taking a closer look they Durban to Baragwana th with her PROVINCE , SOUTH AFRICA saw that it turned on its side and husband they saw a blue-white UFO MAP REF: K 20 flew away at great speed. approach the plane, pace it for aEVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRD However, as they reached the while and then disappear. KIND edge of Lake Mcllwaine they saw Her most extraordinary the object coming towards them, experience began on 27 DecemberJuan Benitez published this classic then maintain station some Z V2 miles 1 954 when she was again at thealien encounter report in 1 978. (4 km) away. There were no family fann and was alerted to some The witness, a British en!, ineer r portholes or external means of activity by the great excitement ofworking in Cape Province, South propulsion visible; they estimated young Zulu children outside. SheAfrica, had been driving up the the object to be approximately 40 ft rushed to the hill where she had firstDrakensteen Mountain in his car late ( 1 2 m) wide. The object disappeared seen a U FO and watched as a hugeat night when a man flagged him at incredible speed. disc-like craft some 60 ft ( 18. 3 m)down and claimed he needed water. wide descended and hovered nearThe man was under 5 ft ( 1 52 em) her. It was flat with a dome, andtall, was bald with a domed head and NAM E ELIZABETH KLARER portholes facing her. Through one ofspoke in a strange accent. The DATE 27 DECEMBER 1 954 the portholes she could see awitness offered to drive him to a humanoid figure surveying her and PLACE DRAKENSBERG, SOUTH AFRICAnearby mountain stream. the landscape. Shortly afterwards MAP REF: K 20 ( )n returning the man to the the craft flew off at speed.original point, the witness saw a EVENT CONTACTEE In April 1 956 Elizabeth Klarer feltdisc-shaped craft. The man invited compelled to return to the familyhim inside the object and showed Not afraid this time? Potentially a farm apparently aware of somethinghim that he needed water because chilling question, not least when waiting for her there. Early in theone of his rollca1-, t1es had burned r asked by an extra-terrestrial morning she climbed the hill, whichhimself. When the witness asked the standing beside his hovering flying she had come to call Flying Saucerentity where he came from the saucer when you and he are the only Hill, and discovered on top a similarentity pointed at the sky and said people at the top of a deserted hill in huge metallic craft resting on the" From there ! " a desolate landscape. Fortunately ground. The entity was this time for Elizabeth Klarcr not only was standing outside the ship. He was she not afraid but felt enonnous tall, some 6ft 4in (2 m) high, hadNAM E LAKE MCILWAINE warmth and trust for the alien; clear 1-, ey, slanted eyes and high 1fDATE 26 JULY 1 954 indeed she was to fall in love with cheekbones. He was wearing a one him and have his child. piece suit. It was at this stage thatPLACE LAKE MCILWAINE. ZIMBABWE In her young years, in October the alien asked Not afraid this time ? MAP REF: K 1 6 1 9 1 7, Elizabeth saw her first UFO. Elizabeth boarded the craft;EVENT DISTANT ENCOUNTER She was with her sister watching the inside she met a second alien similar sunset from a hill ncar her family to the first and the door was closed.On 26 July 1 95,1 Squ;1dron Leader A. farm at Drakensberg in South Africa She began to panic in case she wasRoberts and a student pilot, R. when an orange-red globe came never to return to Earth, and whenHowarth, were !lying a Tiger M oth rushing towards them. This was she went to the windows they too 1 46
    • • 1 1 l ll lll l ll l1 n•· DATABASE 1 960s j ust fifteen minutes later ;m were closed, but she quickly became 1 960saware that she was among friends anomalous light appeared in the sky which she was sure emanated from NAME EDWIN AND GEORGE which George pointed out to Edwin.telepathic communication. DATE EARLY 1960 It was about the size of a tennis ball The craft flew up to its at anns length; George explained PLACE PATIERSONS GROYNE, DURBAN,mothership, which was full of the that this was a spacecraft zeromg m SOUTH AFRICAsame aliens all of whom appeared to on the radio. Suddenly, to Edwins MAP REF: K19be very friendly. On board she was amazement, an English voice spokeshown videos of the aliens home EVENT CONTACTEE identifying itself as belonging toplanet, known as Meton. Wy-Ora who was in charge of the She discovered in her dealings In 1960 Edwin was lH years old and spaceship; he and his crewwith the aliens that her principal working as a radio mechanic in a apparently came from the planetcontact was named Akon, that they factory south of Durban in South Koldas and one of their number waswere a race of vegetarians, they Africa. While he was there, a man named Valdar. Valdar was in factcould move freely within the galaxy named George took the post of none other than George who scouredbut could not cross the gulf between supervisor in Edwins section. The Earth to find suitable people togalaxies. They lived in a perfect two of them got on very well spread the word about their unaffected by pollution and on together and often went fishing at George impressed Edwin intheir planet they have no politics or Pattersons Groyne where their many ways; during this contact hemoney, no wars or hostility and have friendship grew. George was quiet apparently gave instructions to thelong ago rid themselves of disease. and gave few clues about his radio to make the spacecraft In order to communicate personal life. undertake certain manoeuvres,effectively with Akon, Elizabeth One day, responding to a light­ which it did. On one occasion whenlearnt telepathy. Akon explained to hearted question, George said I am they were at work Edwin watchedElizabeth that he needed her for going to ,1., ve you absolute proof that ri George - who apparently thought hestock breeding but she accepted lights in the sky arc not all Sputniks. was alone - physically manhandle athis happily as she was now in love Then you will know that spaceships machine into place which had justwith her extra-terrestrial. She exist. On one of their fishing trips taken a crane and five people to setbecame pregnant and spent four George took a black bag with himmonths of her pregnancy - up to the which contained some sort of Edwin su rveying Patterson s G royn e ,birth - living on Meton, with Akon. communication device and when w h e r e h e u s e d to f i s h w i t h G e o r g e (Valdar)The child was born and now lives George switched it on they both and where he first saw the U F O with whichthere in the care of his father. heard a strange language. G eo rge was commun icating . Akon told her that he came froma planet four light years away whichwould seem to put it in the vicinity ofAlpha Centauri, the nearest star tothe Earths sun. They arc surveyingus to ensure that our pollution andnuclear pro!, css is not too rrdama,1., ring. Apparently the gradualand somewhat haphazard exposureof the human race to UFOs was anacclimatization device. The nature of the experience,and the description of many of itscomponents, have many echoes inthe claims of George Adamski (secpage 2H), Antonio Villas Boas (secpage l H l ) and other claims that havebeen received across America andEurope in more recent years. 1 47
    • AFRICA 1 970sit down. According to George there is nearly 30 ft (9. 14 m) across andwere hundreds of similar aliens made of heavy brick and cement,living on the Earth, interacting with NAME FORT BEAUFORT had been shattered. Indeed largehumans. DATE 26 JUNE 1 972 pieces of its structure were lying One day George handed in his some 60 ft (18.3 m) from the site. PLACE FORT BEAUFORT, SOUTH AFRICAnotice and told Edwin that he had to Smit stated that shortly before the MAP REF: J20 explosions occurred he had seen theleave. Edwin took George, at hisrequest, to a beach at Richards Bay EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE SECOND UFO again.where they fished for some time and KINDthen George apparently changedfrom his ordinary clothes into a one In June 1972 an event was to occur NAME DURBANpiece zip-up coverall and gave Edwin near the town of Fort Beaufort in DATE 1 JULY 1 972the communication radio. As South Africa which, extraordinarily, PLACE DURBAN, SOUTH AFRICAinstructed, Edwin sheltered behind exhibited an apparent sensitivity MAP REF: L19a sand dune and saw the arrival of a towards the sound of the human1 50 ft (40 m) wide disc-shaped flying voice. EVENT DISTANT NIGHT LIGHTsaucer; he noticed a figure inside a Early in the morning the owner ofdome on top as the craft landed. Braeside Farn1, Mr Smit, sent one During a Boeing 727 flight fromGeorge boarded and within seconds of his labourers, Boer de Klerk, to Johannesburg to Durban the pilotthe object was merely a distant dot inspect the fanns reservoir. At 9 Captain Chester Chandler, thein the sky. oclock de Klerk returned in a clearly senior flight officer Graham Smith Ever since, Edwin has received agitated condition. and the flight engineer G.messages from George and based An hour earlier de Klerk had Koekemoer all witnessed the closeon them has collected a cult group apparently been at the reservoir approach of a light to their aircraft asaround him. Much material has been when he had noticed a ball of fire they prepared to descend fortransmitted, describing the lifestyle near a ridge. Smit went back to the landing.of the aliens and the technical site with de Klerk and also saw the It was nearly 9 oclock in thefeatures of their craft. In particular object. It was a fiery red ball some 2 evening and the sky was clear andsome of the messages indicated that ft (61 em) wide hovering at treetop dark. Suddenly the crew noticed athere were rival factions of aliens height and spitting out flames. light apparently pacing the aircraft.manipulating the Earth. Incredibly, when de Klerk shouted, . They contacted Durban approach Investigator Cynthia Hind the object appeared to back off by control and reported the sighting,listened to one of the broadcasts as some 820 ft (250 m) behind a bush approach control confirmed no otherit was rece ived. It described aspects and reappeared later. aircraft in the area and no militaryof the aliens purpose on Earth. Smit left de Klerk to watch the aircraft operating. The sighting Undoubtedly, the broadcast could object while he returned to his ended when the light accelerated have been faked, but it would have homestead to collect his rifle and and turned away. been expensive to do so and Cynthia contact the police. Two officers A check of the aircraft indicated was 1-,iven freedom to examine the r arrived at 10.30 and Smit took them no malfunction of instruments on radio receiving equipment at her back to the site where all four ­ board (as is often reported by UFO leisure (though she admitted she together with three other labourers approaches). Chandler commented was not expert enough to comment - watched the object. They shot at that he accepted there was on its workings. ) She has it, and apparently hit it once though something out there which pilots commented that the affair had a that seemed to have little effect; could not explain, speaking dist u rbing effect on me. She eventually it crashed through the presumably not only of his own maintains a healthy questioning undergrowth and disappeared. sighting but of UFO reporting attit ude towards t he UFO The following day an generally. phenomenon and she is not in mv investigation of the area uncovered opinion a gullible person. I e c ho her nine supposed landing traces. OPPOSITE Following U FO sightings in the own question, raised in her book On the 8 july Smit heard two loud a rea, the tarmac of this tennis cou rt at lJFOs - Afnum E ncounlcrs: Can explosions from his farn1 and Rosmead Junior School was found torn we really a fford to laugh it all oft? discovered that the reservoir, which up and scattered . 1 48
    • · i l l l l i l l l ll l n • • · DATABASE 1 970sNAME THE TENNIS COURT up and sca t tered. The ga tes were , NAME THE BElT BRIDGE ENCOUNTER however, still securely locked. The DATE 30131 MAY 1974DATE 12 NOVEMBER 1 972 police were called in. PLACE BElT BRIDGE, ZIMBABWE BORDERPLACE ROSMEAD, SOUTH AFRICA ll is worth noting at this stage MAP REF: J20 that there were many other UFO MAP REF: K 1 7EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE SECOND reports received from the same area EVENT A MOST EXTRAORDINARY VEHICLE KIND at the same time including reports of INTERFERENCE sightings by police officers.l larold Truter, the principal of the I nvest igation of t he tennis court l eter and his wife Francesjunior school at l<osmead, had indicated a symmetrical pattern of (pseudonyms) were travelling fromlocked up the house and the identical holes; some of the tar from Harare (then Salisbury) in Zimbabweattendant tennis court on Friday 10 the court had been strewn some 600 (then Rhodesia) to Durban in Sou thNovember when he left for the ft (HB m) away, on to a ridge Africa via Fort Victoria and the Beitweekend. On ret urning in the nearby. Hluegum t rees alongside Bridge border, crossing over theevening of Sunday 1 2 November he the tennis court had been badly Limpopo l<iver on the night of :�0/:Hnoticed a strange light in the sky but burnt and they died about two May 1 Y74 .considered i t just an unusual but months later. Approximately 6 1/1 miles ( 1 0 km)natural phenomenon. Whether or Analysis of samples taken from to the south of Umvuma, a smallnot this was connected lo what he the site indicated no obvious fam1ing town amidst the drythen discovered is unknown. As he anomalies though indicated no desolate scrublands, Peter, whowas unloading his car he saw that solution either. Whether or not the was driving, slowed downthe surface of the tennis court had tennis court was the landing site of a considerably as he knew he was wellbeen broken up; there were holes in UFO remains speculated by some. in excess of t he speed limit. H eit and tar and coal ash had been lifted but unproven. thought he s a w a policeman o n t h e 1 49
    • •ll ill lll lll lll l•· AFRICAThe Be it B ridge c rossing of the Limpopo speed, without headlights and During this next leg of the driveRiver which forms the borde r between completely out of Peters control. the couple thought they might be offZimb abwe and South Africa and the scene He could not stop, brake, steer or in course because of the strangeof Peter and Frances s encounte r . any way control the car. Although landscape around them; low bushes, Peter was terrified by this he said high grass, marshes and swamps. Itroad ahead and the road was noted nothing to his wife who was already appeared that they were shrouded infor its speed traps. As they passed concerned enough by the UFO a cone of silence; there was nothe policeman they noticed that he sighting. This continued for some 1 1 noise from the engine and no noiseseemed to be wearing a plastic or miles (18 km) until reaching a petrol of insect life. Yet again, Petermetallic-looking suit and when they station at Fort Victoria by which completely lost control of the carlooked back after passing him they time the UFO had disappeared. now at a speed of something like 125could s ec nothing at all! It was 4. 30 in the morning when miles (200 km) per hour. I wasnt Fifteen minutes later, at �. 30 in they drove into the garage in Fort driving said Peter. The road from the morn in g Frances saw a light off , Victoria and the garage attendant, Fort Victoria to Beit Bridge is veryto the left hand side of the vehicle dressed in vest and shorts, curved and twisted but that night itapparently keeping pace with them. expressed surprise at their remark was absolutely straight!The car lights began to fade. Other about how cold it was. An hour later, Frances fell asleep at around 6. 1 5electrical equipment in the car, such they set off again. a. m. and a t 7. 30 they arrived a t Beitas the radio was unaffected; all Six and a quarter miles ( 1 0 km) Bridge. It was now light but the two(] found them there was a light bright out of Fort Victoria the UFO took up UFOs were still visible high aboveenough to cast shadows. Both Peter its left hand position yet again and them. The clock in the Zimbabweand Frances felt remarkably cold and there was also a second UFO customs post showed 8. 30 a. m.wrapped up i n coats and blankets directly above. Although this was a though both Peters and Franceswhile they were driving. potentially busy route, because of watches showed 7. 30 as did the Peter was again driving fast, the daytime heat many people would clock inside their car. A radio timebetween 87-9] miles ( l tl 0- 1 50 km) have driven at night, and the check indicated it was indeed 8. 30.per hour and he eased his foot off previous day had been a public Analysis of the car was to providethe accelerator. N othing happened! holiday, the couple were surprised some of the most extraordinaryThe car continued to move at full that the roads were totally deserted. details yet! When he had left Fort 1 50
    • · l l l lll l l lll lln •· OATABASE 1 970sVictoria Peter had set the trip meter flight deck, etc. It was testified t o u s believe An toineto give himself a mileage count and approximately 90 ft (27Am) wide Severin to have been hallucinating,when he looked at it at Beit Bridge it and 60 ft ( 1 H. 3 m) high. and they all take his statementshowed that the car had travelled Interestingly, there was a special seriously. some 1 0 12 miles (1 7 km). Fort abduction unit on board the craft;Victoria to Bcit Bridge is a distance an empty room into which abductedof 1 79 miles (28H km). In addition he humans could be taken where they NAME THE LANDING AT LOXTONshould now have had to fill the petrol could be induced to believe they DATE 31 JULY 1975tanks of his Peugeot t104 which were still in a (simulated) Earth PLACE LOXTON, SOUTH AFRICAshould have been virtually drained surrounding. Other parts of the MAP REF: 1 20by the journey; in fact they were still recall indicated that the beings werefull and took only 22 cents worth of physical, they had no reproductive EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRDpetrol. The tyres provided an even organs, they came from the outer KINDmore extraordinary puzzle; in order galaxies, were like gods andto save money Peter had fitted travelled in time rather than space. On the chilly, misty morning of 31cheap retreads for the drive, It seems that their purpose is to july 1 975 Danie Van Graan wasproposing to replace them with influence the course of the Earth walking over a 1 0 ft (3 m) high earthdecent tyres more cheaply available without making direct interference. bank, which protects his village fromin South Africa. At best they should As part of their contact they flood water. In the field below himhave given him about 746 miles apparently live amongst us as he saw what looked like the( 1 , 200 km) worth of driving. Peter businessmen, university students, aluminium roof of a caravan.showed the tyrcs to investigators; lecturers, and so on. The caravan was an oval shapethey had done nearly 4, 970 miles and Van Graan could see four people(8, 000 km) and were still as if brand moving about inside as if in slownew. Regression hypnosis was to NAME ANTOINE S EvE RIN motion. They were small, thin, palereveal a stunning story! DATE 1 4 FEBRUARY 1 975 and wore cream-coloured overalls. According to Peters recall, his They had fair hair, slanting eyes, PLACE REUN ION ISLAND, INDIAN OCEANwifes falling asleep on the road to long faces and high cheekbones - a MAP REF: 017Beit Bridge had not been description reminiscent of thecoincidence; it was quite deliberate. EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRD female abductor of Antonio VillasAfter she had gone to sleep a space KIND Boas (see page 18 1 ) .being had been projected into the Van Graan could hear a hummingbackseat of the car and had It was just after noon on 1 4 sound and when he approachedremained there for the rest of the February 1 975 when Antoine approximately 1 5 ft (45 m) from thejourney. The space-being apparently Severin saw a domed UFO in a field machine, the entities insidetold Peter that he would be able to at Petite lie. Small entities some 3-4 suddenly looked up at him. At thatsec him as anything he wanted to ft (9 1 - 1 22 em) tall got out of it and moment there was a slight click and see; if Peter wanted the entity to fired a white beam at Severin, a flap opened at the side of thelook like a duck then it would look rendering him unconscious. For object; a bright beam of light hit himlike a duck, if he wanted it to look several days Severin suffered from in the face. The light disorientatedlike a monster it would look like a impaired vision and lack of speech him and indeed from that time he hasmonster. In some strange way which a local psychiatrist interpreted suffered blurred and double vision, Peler also examined the inside of as being reaction to shock. though prior to that he had had nothe spacecraft though there appears When the police published their trouble with his eyes. At the time,to be some suggestion that he made report on the incident their Van Graan also noticed that he hadan out-of-body trip from the car and Lieutenant Colonel Lobet said I t suffered a nose bleed. which wasinto the spacecraft, leaving his turned out that (the witness) is later confim1ed by an acquaintance.physical fonn to run the vehicle. normally a well balanced, well Suddenly the humming noiseAccording to the regression behaved individual of excellent became louder and the machine tookhypnosis the craft was built on three character, and not given to the off very fast and vel)· smoothly.levels divided between engineering, perpetration of hoaxes. He added Within about twent y seconds it hadcommunications, living quarters, None of the persons who have disappeared from ,-iew. 151
    • AFR I CA Subsequent investigation at the was moving at some 1 , 865 miles wearing suits similar to those worn site revealed landing leg traces. Of (3, 000 km) per hour. by fire fighters, some 900 yardsthe alfalfa field where the U FO had On Gran Canaria, a doctor and (823 m) away. Witnesses noticedrested, the landing site itself was three others in a taxi saw the UFO that they did not seem to walk butbarren, the soil hard baked. Van as an enormous electric-blue ball rather to glide, a feature common to Graan, echoing Maurice Masse in hanging stationary some 6 ft ( 1 83 many UFO reports.France a decade earlier, stated em) from the ground, 1 50 ft (16 m) One of the entities had a silverEver since that machine landed away with two tall entities inside it. case or box with him but how it washere nothing will grow in this spot In the twenty minutes that the four being held is unclear as none of the(see page 89). of them watched the object it witnesses could identify any arms. There is some suggestion that changed size dramatically. It was Indeed even the legs were indistinctthe entities may have done a survey like an enom1ous soap bubble appearing from the kneesoutside the craft before Van Graan approximately the size of a two­ downwards almost like a fin.encountered them. Investigator storey house at first but when the According to the investigator,Cynthia Hind located a second taxi turned its spotlight onto the Cynthia Hind, none of the boys hadwitness, jan Van Der Westhuizen, object it rose, getting larger all the been exposed to UFO literature orwho had seen nothing but had heard time, until it was the size of a films and did not consider thea humming noise at approximately twenty-storey building although the possibility that the entities were7. 30 in the morning. Since he entities and equipment inside alien in any way until after the event.thought it was a helicopter he did not remained the same size. The witnesses watched theinvestigate. If that noise was the This was enough for the entities move over a fence and up amachine landing then it was there for witnesses who fled to a nearby hill though noticed that they did nottwenty minutes before Van Graan house but remained watching the appear to move as humans would,came across it. At the far comer of object through the windows. bending forward, but rather glidingVan Graans field there was a Suddenly the object changed shape, erectly up the hill. Before reachingvirtually dried up duck pond and Van surrounded itself with a white halo the top they suddenly disappearedGraan found footprints in the ground and disappeared rapidly towards and the UFO was also gone.unlike those of any of his workers. Tenerife giving off the sound of a Although the sighting had onlyAlthough he had not seen them screaming whistle. Investigation lasted for some 60 seconds it wasoutside the craft it is possible that revealed that the object was also felt that their speed of movementthey had made an excursion. detected on radar. was exceptional for normal people. Van Graan was asked what he felt Indeed at one point a third entity hadwhen they left and he said, What I joined the other two though no-onedid think, although it wasnt at that NAME GROENDAL RESERVE could remember exactly how.very moment, was what a pity it was DATE 2 OCTOBER 1 978 Trackers in the reserve werethat ! couldnt go up to the machine unable to offer an explanation. PLACE GROENDAL RESERVE, UITENHAGE,and talk to those people. SOUTH AFRICA MAP REF: J21 NAME THE M INDALORE ENCOUNTERNAME THE CANARY ISLANDS SOAP BUBBLE EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRD DATE 3 JANUARY 1979DATE 22 JUNE 1 976 KIND PLACE MINDALORE, JOHANNESBURG, SOUTHPLACE CANARY ISLANDS AFRICA On Sunday 1 October 1978 four MAP REF· AS MAP REF: K1 8 boys aged between twelve andEVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRD sixteen were hiking in the Groendal EVENT ABDUCTION KIND Reserve and had arranged to be collected by the mother of the eldest Meagan Quezet and her son AndreThere were many reports of this on the following day, Monday. At left their house and walked up theUFO as it flew on Vhat is presumed approximately 1 1 . 1 5 in the morning road to bring the family dog in forto be a course from Fucrteventura the four saw a silver object between the night. It was around midnight.island to Tenerifc, via Cran Canaria. the trees about a half mile away and As they were walking along theyAccording to the sighlings the object also two silver-suited entities, noticed that there was a pink glow 1 52
    • · l l l l l i i i i i i i U • •· DATABASE 1 980son the road and Meagan said Look, I t must be noted that tlw dot"tortheyve got lights on that road up was not supportive of the testimonythere. Andre replied that there under hypnosis and con m1entcdwere no street lights up there, as he The impression I have is that this isknew the road well. a hysterical fantasy . . . and the As they got closer they saw that material that she then produced,the pink light was emanating from an was very fanciful. Andre has alwaysegg-shaped craft standing on landing resisted hypnosis and has alsolegs, not dissimilar to the American turned away from furtherlunar landing module. The overall investigation into the event.height of the object was some 1 2 ftC:Ui5m), the width possibly thesame and each leg was about 4 ft 1 980s( 1 22 em) high. Apparently neitherwitness was afraid because they NAM E LA ROCHELLEthought at the time it must be some DATE 15 AUGUST 1981sort of experimental aircraft. PLACE MUTARE, ZIMBABWE Suddenly five or six people MAP REF: L17stepped out of the opening and onto Andre Ouezets d rawi ng of the object ontothe ground. They approached and which he and his mother were abducted . EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRDtwo of them came close to the KINDwitnesses and began speaking to had also seen the object. Paulthem in something that sounded like suggested phoning the newspapers. La Rochelle is a large estate justa high pitched Chinese language. Meagan agreed to take a lie outside Mutare in Zimbabwe. ItThey were dressed in coveralls and detector test but was reluctant to forms part of the Nyabara Forestone of the men had thick hair and a undergo hypnosis and summed up Training School and is a touristbeard; they were of normal height. her reluctance as Things happen at traction. Suddenly Meagan got the feeling under hypnosis. The hypnotist At around half past six in thethat something was not quite normal might say "What happened when evening Clifford Muchcna, theand said to Andre Go and get you went into the craft ? " and he principal witness, saw a ball of light Daddy, and run, please run. Andre could be suggesting things to me ncar the tearoom on the estate.ran and Meagan continued her which I know I didn t do. Many others also saw it. I t was bigconversation but the next thing she In fact, however. Meagan and rolling towards the tearoom. I t remembered was the entities eventually did agree to regression reached the observation tower,jumping back into the craft with no hypnosis and during tllis session it seemed to roll up it and appeared toapparent difficulty even though it came out that the aliens strongly set light to the inside of the towerhad no steps. There was a buzzing attempted to lure her into the craft although it later rolled back down sound and the craft rose up although and that at one point both she and the tower leaving no marks of still apparently on its legs, the legs Andre climbed in. Inside, she buming behind. The fireball extending. Shortly after this it took described chairs and funny lights gathered itself and moved across the off into the sky and disappeared. and they apparently imparted a lawns to a building known as The Andre did not get very far before message to her that shocked and Fantasy which was an outhouse retuming to his mother when he saw surprised her but in fact which she desi}.. llld for the protection of the craft take off and together they has never been able to remember. orchids h TOn on the estate. went back to the house. Meagan Apparently before any kind of It was then that Clifford saw chose not to wake her husband, who physical examination (which might three men standing on the lawns. He would have been tired following a have been expected given nom1al thought it must ha"c been a warden. very long shift at work. It was not abduction stories) the witnesses Andrew Connollcy and others but until the next day when he was were able to jump out of the craft then realized the fi.L, l r es were too l already at work, that Andre and it was at this point that Meagan tall. hen Clifford called out ; l r telephoned him and told him the shouted to Andre to run quickly and Connolley"s name the men tumecl story, telling him that his mother get his father. towards him. turning their whole 1 53
    • AFR I CA NAME MATABELELAND ENCOUNTERS DATE 22 JULY 1985 PLACE MATABELELAND SOUTH, ZIMBABWE MAP REF: K 1 7 EVENT DISTANT ENCOUNTER During the 22 july 1985 a rash of UFO sightings occurred in the urban areas of Matabeleland South. At a quarter to six in the evening two Hawk fighters from the Zimbabwe Air Force were scrambled to intercept them. ... ,· .. .. The fighters intercepted the . .·· � - ..·1:-·- · .... UFO at 7, 000 ft (2, UO m) but it . launched itself upwards reaching �: :• :..><_. · . ,. , I 70, 000 ft (2 1 , 336 m) in under a .l 4 ... I ,, .&.. 1 minute. Unable to chase, the Hawks returned to Formhill Airbase whereC l iffo rd M u chena ( R IGHT) with Naison , the had perhaps arrived without paying the UFO was seen disappearing athead gardener, two of the main witnesses and that Clifford has misinterpreted high speed on a horizontal events at La Rochel l e . what he had seen, though this Air Commo.dore David Thome seems unlikely. Of the ball of fire it made the comment that follows: Asbodies and not just their heads. has been suggested that this could far as my air staff is concerned, weThey were wearing shiny silver have been ignited methane or believe implicitly that thesuits but Clifford could not see their swamp gas or even ball lightning but unexplained UFOs are from somefaces as the light shining from them none of these explanations quite civilization beyond our planet.was so bright. Clifford fell to his bear out the details of the sighting,knees and it is not clear whether this particularly the fact that where thewas from fear or because of some fire was there were no bum marks NAME THE DOGON TRIBESforce emanating from the men or or even marks of heat. DATE c 200 BC TO PRESENTfireball. The men were now only 10 It is interesting to note that the PLACE MALl, NORTH-WEST AFRICAft (:) m) away. witnesses did not attribute U FOs to MAP REF: D8 Another witness, Eunice Kachiti, their sightings. Clifford believed thatalso recalled seeing the fireball on what he was seeing may have been EVENT TRIBAL KNOWLEDGEthe lawns near a cassia tree in the spirits of his ancestors. Clifford iscentre of the lawn. She saw two described as pleasant, not highly Examination of the claims of thestrange men holding what seemed to educated but able to read and speak Dogon tribesmen of Mali indicatesbe torches in their hands. Her reasonable English. The fact that he that they appear to havedescription is of them wearing does not have the technoloh cal or ri extraordinary knowledge of the starsomething like blue jeans and may sophisticated background of those of Sirius. According to Robert Templetherefore not be the same sighting us in the West who study UFOs in his book The Sirius Mystery, theas Cliffords. Nonetheless she was could well account for his own Dogon tribe had knowledge for overexcited enough to make her report. particular interpretation of these 2, 000 years of the star Sirius B ,Neither of t he witnesses actually events. It might also be that our which was only discovered byspecified a connection between the technological background distances astronomers in the West in I B62.ball of light and the men though us from the truth. Perhaps we Temple believes that we mustdearly two concurrent events may should be considering the spirits of consider that the information thewell have been associated. our ancestors theory alongside more tribesmen have, was passed to them Suggestions have been made that technologically orientated ones such by intelligent beings from planetsthe men were merely visit ors who as the extra-terrestrial theory. around Sirius. 1 56
    • frican ufology, like its South American coun- A terpart, is hindered by the immense size of the continent and t he few good researchers . available to collect the raw data. It i s a fact oflife in areas where it has been tested that when thereare people available to report to, then the reportscome in. Unfortunately, reports are not the onlyrequirement. For an effective, meaningful study thereports must be well investigated, and a few people ona large continent arc hard pressed to do the work. Cynthia I l ind is one of the best, if not the best.Certainly her cncrJ., in travelling, sometimes days, to >yinvestigate one report is one of the most importantfactors in our having any real understanding of thephenomenon in Africa at all. Furthennorc, she ha s awell balanced approach to the s ubject and an openmindedness that is always refreshing. Perhaps most importantly, she has an understand­ing of the basic t ribal overtones that influence the Dogon tribesman . Th1s people s knowledge of the star Sinus datesreports being received. Cynthia has taken the trouble back 2000 years and Dog on folklore suggests poss1ble contactto learn about tribal divisions and their beliefs. As a with extra-terrestnals.result of this she is able to sift out t he raw data fromthe interpretations and provide the necessary input to ancestors. Conversely, perhaps we should also con­a global view of the phenomenon. Those tribal sider that our technoloJ., cal interpretations have no riovertones arc important, though to be fair to Cynthia, more substantiation than Cliffords theory. Perhapsresearchers including myself are sometimes at odds to our classic ca ses in fact represent the spirits of ourknow how to react properly to t hem. When Clifford ancestors. Who can say for sure? This question is oneMuchena saw silver-suited entities (see page 1 53) he that researchers must come to grips with. Each of u sconsidered they might be the spirits of his ancestors. must recognize that we have a world Yiew which mayC ynthia never suggested otherwise, which was vitally be a s erroneous a s the next persons.correct. We in the West, and Cyn thia too, who comes The question must he raised again. can thefrom a Western backhrro und, sift away those inter­ phenomenon react to the cultur e . rather than bepretations and - in effect - replace them with our own. dependent on it? Can it send e xtra-terrestrials toSilver-suited entities have t ime and time again been Europe and North America , and s pirits to Africa , as aseen in association with fl ying saucers, therefore we way of being appropria tely not iced ? The answer tomight reasonably ask if in fact Clifford saw flying that question contains the ;m s ·e r to the phenomenon,saucer entitie s and merely mistook them for his but will we ever be able to find i t ? 1 57
    • THE ROYAL AUSTRALIAN AIR FORCE IS INTERESTED IN ALL WELL REPORTED SIGHTINGS [OF UFOs] , WHI C H ARE INVESTIGATED . . . DETAILS OF THESE INVESTIGATIONS ARE NOT MADE PUBLIC . . . IT WAS A POLI C Y THAT BE GAN TO CHANGE SIGNIFICANTLY DURING THE 1 970s AND 1 980s . KEY TO MAP OF AUSTRALASIAQ)Submarine UFO, Bass Strait, Australia (J) Gardin/Smith Encounter, Near Kalgourie, Australia® The Beaufort Bomber, Bass Strait, Australia ® Kempsey, New South Wales, AustraliaCDMaralinga, South Australia ® Mooraduc Road , Near Melbourne, Australia0 The Father Gill Sighting, Papua New Guinea, @) Jindabyne, Snowy Mountains, Australia Australasia ® The Valentich Encounter, Bass Strait, Australia® Bougainville Reel, Queensland Coast, Australia ® The Kaikoura Controversy, Kaikoura. New Zealand® Horseshoe Lagoon, Queensland Coast, Australia @) Nullarbor Plain, Western Australia
    • ustralia is not just the only island continent but Marshall , Sir George jones; an indication that some A also a continent of extreme contrast . Despite co-operation even at that time existed between this it has an amazingly similar record of UFO individuals from the ranks of officialdom and the report s to those of other continents. I learned Australian UFO research community.this when becoming associated vith the Victorian One of the first definite indications that officialUFO Research Society (VUFORS) m the early 1 960s. investigators were not in agreement with the overallEver since my first voyage to Australia when serving official policy concerning UFOs came to light during ain the American Navy, I had wanted to return. meeting in Canberra, with an officer who had investi­ My involvement in U FO research prompted me to gated one of the most interesting Australian encoun­make inquiries with regard to what was being carried ters. When we showed him a letter from headquartersout both privately and officially in this field. Recom­ concerning the case , he said the letter was altogethermendations came from individuals actually engaged in different from the actual report he had submitted.UFO investigations, who were not only doing private There have been many examples when personnelresearch but associated with the military community in all branches of the services have assisted privateas well. It was from these pioneers of ufology that I researchers in trying to ascertain the whither, whencelearned of the original Melbourne f., Oup and follow-up lT and why of the UFOs. Time and time again theorganization founded by Peter Norris LLB. He headed scientific community has been called on for assistancethe Victorian group which is one of the most reliable in onl y to be told by some professor of possibility (orthe world. arn1chair ufologist) that UFOs are nonsense. After emigrating to Australia in 1 963, I found that Restrictions on the free exchange of information I had been t he recipient of good advice and have never on UFO encounters are applied. For instance, a UFOfl,I.., e t ted my association with a ,I.., JY JToup where the was filmed by the captain of an airliner during a flightpolicy is to mind its own business and to co-operate from Australia to Port Moresby (see page 1 63). The with individuals and groups when that co-operation is captain reported the encounter to Townsville airreciprocal. traffic control. He was instructed not to have the film Soon after my arrival, I learned the official attitude developed until his return to Australia. Upon hisconcerning the subject from The Ioyal Australian Air return two officials were on hand to take the film from Force who stated: The RAA F is interested in all well him. Although VlJFORS was aware of the incident, it reported sightings, which are being investigated . . . was a few years before we discovered the captains Ikt;Iils of these investigations are not made public identity .. . . I t w;1s a policy t hat began to change over the next The most outstanding event in Australian ufologytwo decades. is the Frederick Valentich encounter (see page 1 69). The The first Australian l I F < ) conference took place in incident has done more to change the attitude of some Ballarat, irtor i;I, organized by the astronomical officials than any other UFO related event. VUFORS,society of that c i ty. The conference was not only located near the Moorabbin Airport from where theattended by ufologi s t s ;md astronomers but by officials ill-fated flight commenced, undertook t he bulk of thefrom the 1A A F a s w d l , including the fonner Air investiga tions. Information conceming this !-,Teatest 1 60
    • THE AUSTRALASIAN PE RSPE C T IVEmystery iu Australian avtatton history has been I sland. A journalist, Ouentm Fogarty, was on holidaypublished around the world. when his manager, Leonard Lee , requested h i 1 1 1 to fly The most outstanding encounter with a UFO and the route and interview one of the pilots who hadhumanoids in Australasia occurred on 26 and 27 j uue made several sightings. It came as a s urpri s e when 1 959 at Boianai, Papua New Guinea (see page 1 62). the crew and passengers found themselves flying ;un idReverend Gill who witnessed the event was inter­ a whole fleet of l J FOs.viewed by Dr j. Allen Hynek on his visit to Australia in News of this encounter, broadcast on a Mel­197:t Many other witnesses who had close encoun­ bourne radio station, appeared to be similar to theters were interviewed as well. radar/visual encounters which occurred during the While researching in this part of the world, I have Washington Flap (sec page 25). The same sort ofhad the pleasure of meeting top researchers from pattern was unfolding in the New Zealand case.New Zealand. My first visit to the country coincided Objects were detected on radar in Wellington andwith the visit of Dr I lynek, where we met again at the Christchurch; at the same time they were being filmedhome of I larold Fulton. I Iarold did much spade work by the cameraman and witnessed by those on boardfor ufology in the late fifties and early sixties. During the aircraft. At one stage the aircraft was being pacedthis visit, I met another well known pioneer of ufology, by the UFOs.l lenk Henflairr. The highlight of this visit was to Two days later excerpts of the film were broad­receive first-hand information on the outstanding cast worldwide. Not familiar with the extent of U FOMoreland encounter from Henk who was a close activity, the news programme was mistakenly pre­friend of the Morelands. senting the case as the first ever film of UFOs. Soon The Morelands owned a small farm near after the broadcasts, explanations were coming inBlenheim, where the encounter occurred. Mrs More­ from the scientific community worldwide, all contra­land was on her way to the shed early one morning to dictory, none satisfactory. The leading New Zealandmilk two cows. Something caused her to look up when astronomer was 99 per cent sure that the planetshe saw two green lights like eyes coming down j upiter was the answer. Sir Bernard Lovell at jodrellthrough the clouds. As the object descended she saw Bank Observatory in England, was sure the objectsit was headed for the spot where she was standing so were meteorites. The objects refused to burn out.she ran several yards, frightened that otherwise she They kept buzzing the aircraft! An ornitholoJ., st inriwould be crushed. By the time she reached her new New Zealand held the view that the objects wereposition the object was hovering at about 1 5 ft (4. 5 m), mutton birds flying inland to mate. If true, they wereas estimated from some pine trees. The object was anxious to get on with the job: the birds weredescribed as having a dome and inside were two out-flying the aircraft. The New Zealand Air Forcehuman-shaped beings. Mrs Moreland was wondering explained them as reflections from squid boatswhat would happen next when the object tilted, rose although no fishing boats were in the position requiredabove the pine trees then flew away with a whining to cast such reflections. A more plausible explanationnoise. At the same time there was an odour like would have been a formation flight of flying fish atozone. 1 0, 000 ft (3, 048 m)! The incident created confusion in the household Australasia is experiencing its share of extraordin­because Mrs Morelands husband was a security ary and fascinating phenomena and the database which!, la rd at the nearby Woodburn Air Force Base. Mr l follows bears out that fact. Much of the continued highMoreland decided to contact the authorities so the profile of Australasian ufology is due to VUFORSsighting could be identified. Mrs Moreland was which operates as an authoritative, highly active bodyinterviewed by the Air Force psycholoJ., ist who put her r adding a valuable Australasian perspectin to anythrough some tests. After the news became known, international study of the subject.locals visited the fam1 in large numbers. I Ienk knewthe witness as a down to earth, credible person. MrsMorelands attitude was that of revulsion. She wouldnot like to go through the experience again. PAuL N oRMAN , of the Victo rian U FO Research Society , is o n e The most outstanding series of UFO encounters of the most active ufo logists i n Austral ia. He is a supporter in New Zealand took place between October 1 978 and of, and valued g uest at , many i nternational cong resses and january 1 979 when mystery objects were observed by symposia and has co ntributed a rticles o n the su bject to pilots who flew along the coasts of North and South publications all over the world . 1 61
    • 1 940s case of 1 978. The pilot reported that area at the time. U nfortunately a large dark shadow was keeping because of the high security at theN A M E SUBMARINE UFO pace with the plane just 1 00 ft (30 m) base there were no cameras or so away. Something resembling available to take photographs of theDATE SUMMER 1 942 exhaust appeared to come from it. object which stayed for some fifteenPLACE BASS STRAIT, AUSTRALIA During the encounter, which minutes or so before leaving. MAP REF: G20 lasted approximately t wenlyEVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE FIRST minutes, the bombers radio and KIND navigational instruments were NAM E THE FATHER GILL SIGHTING knocked out. The encounter ended DATE 27 JUNE 1959In the summer of 1 942 a Royal when the object accelerated away PLACE PAPUA NEW GUINEAAustralian Air Force pilot was at speed. MAP REF: 1 1 1patrolling the Bass Strait in As Australian researcher Billresponse to reports from local Chalker points out, this particular EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER O F THE THIRDfishermen of night lights over that type of plane figured heavily in the KINDarea. He watched as a UFO came official Royal Australian Air Forceout of the overhead cloud cover. list of planes that went missing June of 1 959 brought a UFO flap to It was daylight, before 6 oclock without trace during World War II in Papua New Guinea. There were, inin the evening, and the pilot had the Bass Strait area - an area that all, seventy-nine detailed sightinggood visibility. The UFO was was not linked to any significant reports from Boianai, Banaira,described as shining, bronze in enemy activity. Giwa, Menapi and Ruaba plain. Thecolour, some 1 50 ft (Jj6 m) long and most important of these would seem50 fl ( 1 5 m ) wide. On top of the to be the Boianai mission encounter 1 950sUFO something like a plexiglass of 27 June although the story mostcanopy could be seen. For a while probably starts the night before.t h e U FO paced the aircraft and then NAME MARALINGA At 6A 5 p.m. on 26 Junepulled away at remarkable speed and DATE OCTOBER 1 957 Reverend William Gill went out ofdived st r;1ight into the ocean. the main mission to look for Venus PLACE MARALINGA, SOUTH AUSTRALIA which should have been conspicuous MAP REF: F 1 7 in the sky at the time. He saw VenusNAM E THE BEAUFORT BOMBER EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER O F T H E FIRST but also noticed a very brightDATE FEBRUARY 1 944 KIND sparkling object above it that ------- seemed to be descending towardsPLACE BASS STRAIT, AUSTRALIA Maralinga in Sout h Australia was the mission. He called two of the MAP REF: H20 ------ one of the nuclear testing ranges missions staff, Stephen Moi andEVENT AIRCRAFT I NTERFERENCE used by the British government . Eric LanJ.., rford and later other men Following such testing in October from the mission joined them toWhat appt·ars to be A u s t ra lia s 1 957 a Royal Air Force coqJOral and witness the object.earliest case of ve hicle inllrference other servicemen stationed at the The object was circular with atook place i n Fch r ua rv 1 �H 1. A base witnessed a UFO hovering wide base. It appeared to have anl�oyal A u s t rali;Hl Air Force Beaufort nearby. It was shiny and silver-blue upper deck with somethingbomber w;JS tlv ing ; 1 ! 1 , :JOO It with portholes along the edge of its resembling legs beneath it. A blue0 . :�72 m) and ; d J J Jost � :JO miles ( 100 clear metallic structure. light was beamed up into the skykm) per ho u r o n T t ht B ; I s s St r; 1 i t · ­ I nvestigation with the local petiodically and on top of the object,the scene of so n l l w l i l F ( ) <Jct i v i t y a irfi e lds indicakd that t he re should which appears to have been somei n c lu d i n g t he rv J u a r k ; J i l h · ale n t i c h have been no aircraft activity i n the sort of cabriolet flying saucer, four 1 62
    • DATABASE 1 960shumanoid ent ities could be seen. The Australian Department of Air was inst ntcled not to have the lih nSome of the witnesses reported suggested Most probably they were developed bu t t o ret u rn wit h it t oseeing portholes around the side of reflections on a cloud of a major light Australia. On his return h e wa st he object. There were also small source of unknown ori,1., n . Such an ri flown to Ca nberra where both theUFOs in the sky at the time, flying in explanation hardly seems to do film and his own planes flightan irregular pattern. The large justice to the sheer weight and recorder were confiscated.object disappeared at 9. 30 at quality of witness reports. Captain Barkers officialtremendous speed towards Giwa. statement includes the comment I The following night the same or a had always scoffed at these report s, 1 960ssimilar object was seen. Again there but I saw it. We all saw it. I t wasseemed to be four entities on the top under intelligent control, and it wasof the saucer and Reverend Gill NAME BOUGAINVILLE REEF certainly no known aircraft.noticed that one of them seemed to DATE 28 MAY 1965be operating equipment somewhere PLACE BOUGAINVILLE REEF. QUEENSLANDin the centre of the disc but out of NAME HORSESHOE LAGOON ----- COAST, AUSTRALIAtheir line of vision. Reverend Gill DATE 19 JANUARY 1966 MAP REF: J13stretched out his arm and waved and PLACE HORSESHOE LAGOON. QUEENSLANDthe figures waved back! More of the EVENT CONFISCATED FILM COAST. AUSTRALIAmission staff started waving and MAP REF: 1 1 4then all of the four entities waved In the early hours of the morning ofback, astonishing the staff. 28 May 1 965 Captain john Barker EVENT CORNFIELD CIRCLES Reverend Gill used a torch to was flying an Ansett DC-6B airlinerflash a series of lights at the UFO from Brisbane to New Guinea when Circles of flattened grasses areand the UFO seemed to be he found he was being paced by a perhaps most famous for theirresponding by making a pendulum­ UFO. He described the object as frequent appearances in thelike motion waving backwards and oblate, with an exhaust. It was also southem counties of England.forwards. The UFO closed in on the seen by the co-pilot and stewardess. Contrary to popular mythology, inwitnesses but after a while the The sighting was reported by this area they arc rarely linked withentities disappeared below deck. radio to Townsville control in actual UFO sightings. At 6.25 in the evening two of the Queensland: Barker radioed that heentities came back on deck and was taking photographs of the UFO. A landmg nest of flattened g rassseemed to be working by the light of When he landed at Port allegedly created by a U FO witnessed bythe blue spotlight. Five minutes Moresby, in New Guinea, Barker George Ped l ey at Ho rseshoe Lagoon.later, rather bored with this limitedinteraction, Reverend Gill decidedto go in for dinner and did not comeout again for half an hour by whichtime the UFO, though still visible,was now away in the distance. In total, Gill and thirty-sevenother witnesses at the Boianaimission saw the objects in the sky. In 1 977, Gill was specificallyquestioned about breaking off thesighting for dinner and stated: Wewere a bit fed up that they wouldntcome down after all the waving . . .this is the difficult thing to get acrossto people . . . here was a flyingsaucer: therefore it must have beena traumatic experience. It wasnothing of the kind. 1 63
    • A U ST RA LA S I A However, one such circle that theory was that the circles are the 1 970svery clearly was associated with a love nests of mating crocodiles. IfUFO sighting occurred in the the UFO phenomenon produces NAM E KEMPSEY, NEW SOUTH WALESswamps at Horseshoe Lagoon in nothing else, it produces variety! DATE 2 APRI L 1 971Australia and was witnessed by a PLACE KEMPSEY, NEW SOUTH WALES,banana grower by the name of AUSTRALIAGeorge Pedley. NAM E GARDIN/SMITH ENCOUNTER MAP REF: K1 7 While he was driving his tractor DATE 22 AUGUST 1 968at 9 oclock in the morning he EVENT ABDUCTION? PLACE NEAR KALGOURLIE, AUSTRALIAsuddenly heard a loud hissing noise MAP REF: C1 7like rushing compressed air and saw At approximately 10 oclock in thejust 25 yds (23 m) ahead a blue-grey EVENT VEHICLE INTERFERENCE evening on 2 April 1 97 1 , after aspinning UFO rising from the spate of UFO sightings in the area, aground. It was approximately 25 ft I am grateful to Paul Norman for middle-aged aborigine at Kempsey(7. 62 m) wide and 9 ft (2. 74 m) high clarifying certain details of this case. in New South Wales seems to haveand when it reached a height of Captains W. Gardin and G. Smith suffered a most incredible form ofabout 60 ft ( 18. 3 m) it shot off at flying from Adelaide to Perth on 22 abduction. The man was in histerrific speed. August 1968 suffered kitchen obtaining water for a drink On investigation Pedley electromagnetic interference when when he suddenly saw a small entitydiscovered that under its landing, or encountering a fleet of UFOs. The outside the window. He felt aat least hovering, site there was a plane was an eight -seater Piper sucking force which picked him upcircular area of flattened grasses. Navajo, flying at 8, 000 ft (2, 438 m) into the air and rendered himOther investigators to the site at approximately 200 knots; only the unconscious.discovered a total of five such circles two captains were aboard. Smith When he came to it appears thatand also obtained many other was woken by Gardin and asked to he had been sucked clean throughreports from other witnesses who come to the cockpit to confirm what the window and he was discoveredhad seen the same UFO. he had seen. cut and bruised some 7 ft (2m) away The precise mechanism which Ahead of the plane and at from the smashed glass. Morefonns the so-called cornfield circles approximately the same altitude was incredibly, the window was securedis not fully understood. Investigation a formation of UFOs. In the centre by an iron bar across the middle,of the mechanism in the United was a large craft and around it were which had not been broken, leavingKingdom by such people as Dr four or five smaller objects which the only possible exit for theTerence Mcadcn of Tornado and seemed to have flown out of the aborigine a 32 by 10 in (8 1 by 25. 4Storm R.esearch has indicated that parent craft. During the sighting the em) space!they are caused by wind vortices; main craft broke into severalhowever, there arc other energy sections and the whole formation forms associated which may well of appeared to be making strange NAME MOORADUC ROADcourse be perfectly natural. One interactive manoeuvres. DATE 1 972 - 1 973 such enert,y appears to be an r Kalgourlic communication centre PLACE MOORADUC ROAD, NEAR ionization of the air which creates a was radioed for information but the MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIAglow above the area where the captains were informed that there MAP REF: H 1 9 vortices are touching the ground; was no air traffic in the area. The this could be the explanation for the captains reported the sighting and at EVENT CONTACTEE!ABDUCTION UFO that Pedley saw, though that time the radio suffered someusually it is described as red rather form of breakdown. For witness Maureen Puddy the than blue-grey. After approximately ten minutes encounter began on 5 july 1972 Australia, however, came up with the UFO fonnation gathered itself when she was driving betweena few unique suggestions of its own; together as if at a single command Frankston and Dromana along thebirds featured heavily with species and disappeared from sight at Mooraduc Road, south-east oflike the blue heron or the bald remarkable speed; immediately Melbourne. From above and behindheaded coot being blamed for the following their departure radio her car she saw a blue lightimpressions on I he ground. Another communications came back to life. approaching, which she first took to 1 66
    • DATABASE 1 970sbe a helicopter ambulance (quitecommonly used in this reJ., ion of Twide open spaces). She stopped thecar and stepped out to look, noticingno sound from the light. What shesaw was incredible. A huge objectapproximately 1 00 ft (30 m) widewas hovering and completelyoverlapping the road at about twice JTaph poles. Itthe height of the tcleJ.,was shaped like two saucers; therewere no signs of welds or rivets,windows, portholes or other detailsand it was glowing intensely andblue. At this time Mrs luddynoticed there was a faint hummingnoise though she could see no siJ., llof movement from the object at all. Terrified, she leapt back into thecar and sped off but she noticed that VUFDRS investigators Judith Magee and The Royal Australian Air Forceno matter how fast she drove the Paul Norman . commented that they could notobject always maintained station explain the sighting but couldexactly behind her. After 8 miles ( 13 M rs Puddy gripped the steering confim1 there were no aircraft in thekm) it seemed the chase was over wheel in real fear. Looking upwards area at the time and, interestingly,and Mrs Puddy noticed the object through the top of the windscreen of the Flying Saucer Review (FSR)streaking away in the opposite her car she could see part of the rim report states She was advised todirection. of the object directly above her. She remain quiet about the incident Mrs Puddy reported the event to began to receive messages! rather than chance causing panic.police, friends and family though A voice - in her head rather than There were corroborativegenerally speaking it was received her cars - said Tell the media . . . sightings which suggest Mrswith banter and humour and do not panic . . . we mean no harm. Puddys encounter was a very realprobably for this reason she decided It went on to say All your tests will one. A Mr Maris Ezergailis was into say nothing more about it. The 25 be negative. And then, Tell me the south-east suburb of Melbourne,july 1972 was to change her mind! dear comrade, do not panic, we Mount Waverley, at approximately On this day at more or less the mean no ham1. Incredibly there was three quarters of an hour after !Irssame time and in the same place on a final message You now have Puddys encounter and he statesthe Mooraduc Road she was driving control at which time the car engine that he saw a flash of blue lightagain, home to Rye after visiting her started up. Near to panic, Mrs travelling horizontally. Mrs Puddyson in hospital at Heidelberg. Puddy drove quickly to the police herself commented on llrSuddenly there was a blue light all station and in an agitated and upset Ezergailis report Thats the way itaround her car and her first reaction condition reported her encounter. looked w hen it took off the first timewas Oh hell! Not again! The police reported the event to the I saw it. At around the same time as Immediately thinking o f the Royal Australian Air Force. Mrs Puddys encounter anotherencounter of t wenty days earlier she Mrs Puddy made several couple, a 1 l r and llrs Heel, alsoaccelerated to get away and to her illuminating observations about her reported seeing an unusual lighthorror discovered that far from own sighting to the UFO Something unlike anything we hadsucceeding the engine of the car cut researchers; she pointed out that seen before·.out, she lost control of her steering the word media was not one that The repm1 in F(ving Saucrrand the car rolled off to the verge of she would be likely to use. She also Rn·ieu· ends by saying that llrsthe road. commented that she did not know Puddy says she won"t dri·e a l o ng All around, the trees and bushes what could be meant by tests since that road again at night unless shewere bathed in the blue light and she did not have any test results. has company. 1 67
    • 1 I lillll llllllll• A USTRALAS I A On 22 February 1973, following was not consciously fabricating . . . In the event that we concludethe publication of FSR s report, she she was really upset. that the abduction experience here,did again drive along that road and The entity was apparently and elsewhere, was not awith most illustrious company beckoning to Mrs Puddy to follow it psychological event but an externalindeed. The results were and even though Ms Magee offered one imposed on the witness, then aextraordinary. to go with her the witness was possible conclusion is that the Throughout that day Mrs Puddy resolute in her detemlination not to abduction experience is more in thehad heard voices saying Maureen, move and continued to tightly clasp nature of a message being receivedcome to the meeting place. She the steering wheel. Even more than of a visitation.realized that this was a further extraordinary events were ahead!telepathic message from those who Suddenly Maureen Puddy washad contacted her those months screaming that she had been NAME JINDABYNEago. Mrs Puddy telephoned judith kidnapped and she was describing DATE 27 SEPTEMBER 1 974Magee who, along with Paul the inside of the UFO and shoutingNom1an, agreed to meet her at 8. 30 PLACE JINDABYNE, SNOWY MOUNTAINS, that she could not get out because AUSTRALIAin the evening on the Mooraduc there were no doors or windows. MAP REF: 1 1 9Road. They went to exactly the Throughout all of this she never leftsame place the previous events had the driving seat of the car nor the EVENT ABDUCTIONoccurred and Ms Magee, getting sight of the two investigators butinto Mrs Puddys car, commented I her a!, itation was very real. Now r Two young men, one aged nineteenwas experiencing a tingling apparently inside the UFO, she and the other only eleven, weresensation like a mild electric shock. described a mushroom-like object in hunting in the Snowy MountainsIt shortly passed off. the room with a jelly moving about near jindabyne when they saw a An extraordinary part of the inside it; she relaxed into an almost bright white light on the horizon andencounter had already taken place. entranced state and then suddenly heard a deep humming noise.Mrs Puddy commented that she had the experience was over. Approximately nine years laternearly driven off the road on the way This case, probably more than the eleven-year-old witness, nowto the meeting because, as she had any other, raises questions about himself a young adult, had dreamsbeen driving, a gold-foil-suited entity the true nature of abduction which suggested an abductionhad appeared inside her car between experiences. If Mrs Puddy had been memory of that earlier time. In thethe two front seats and then alone then almost certainly she dreams he recalled being drawndisappeared again! would have reported the event with towards the object, floated inside The convoy of Mrs Puddys car all the clarity of a physical and laid on a bed or table (in a (containing M rs Puddy and Ms experience and it is only the manner similar to Hickson andMagee), followed by Paul Norman in presence of the investigators that Parkers abduction in Pascagoula,his car, arrived at the site. Paul confim1s that this was not the case. USA - see page 59).Nonnan left his car and got into the On the other hand it would be too Tall, thin, grey entitiesback scat of Mrs Puddys. There simplistic to dismiss the abduction conducted some form of examination they discussed the materialization of here as purely psycholo!, ical; for one r of llim including measuring the the entity. Suddenly he reappeared tiling it follows corroborated electro-magnetic fields around hisagain and Mrs Puddy in a frantic sightings and for another the body. The younger witness alsostate grabbed Ms Magee and said witnesss reaction was not one of recalls the elder witness beingThere he is! Cant you sec him? He trance throughout most of the drugged to prevent resistance. Theis in the same dothes. The figure experience. Of particular witness told investigator Markwas walking towards the car and had importance is the fact that this Moravec We were not afraid but westopped by the left headlight. abduction is very similar to many were not really conscious either. There was a catch! Neither judith others and we have to consider how They were apparently annoyed atMagee nor Paul Norman could sec many of those others reporting a the feeling of having been used likethe entity though it must be stated physical presence would have been this stage that Ms Magee was contradicted had there been On the night following their brightquite certain that the agitation fdt corroborative witnesses to say light sighting, saw the same lightwas real and that Maureen Puddy otherwise. again. Part of Moravecs 1 68
    • . , , , lil lllllll n • · DATABASE 1 970sinvestigation was to establish bet ween Valentich and Flight FS /Jdta Sierm]ulzd, amlyouwhe ther this was the same object Service from that point to just over h confirm you mnnot idmtif the ywhich was seen in the first instance. minutes later - the last time aircraft?If this had been established there Valentich was ever heard from. DSJ Af fimwtive.would have been good reason for I am hJfatcful to Paul Norman of FS Delta Sierm]ulzct, roJ.ter, .�land by.believing the UFO to be a star or VUFORS for supplying me, through HJ09: 2 7planet. If this were the case then the BUFORA with the following DSJ Melbourne, Delta Siarajulit:!,dreams the younger witness transcript . its not an aircraft it is [openexperienced were either shielding m ic rophone for two seconds].some deep er memory or the dreams 1 906: 1 4 1 909:42were a psycholoh Jjcal event DSJ Melbourne, this is Delta Sierra FS Delta Szt:rraju/iet, can youtriggered by a mundane sighting. juliet. Is there any known traf below fic describe the - er - aircraft? five thousand f (1 , 520 m)? eet DSJ Delta Sierrajuliet, as its flyzng FS Delta Sierrajuliet, no known past its a tonK shape [open microphoneNAME THE VALENTICH ENCOUNTER traf fic. for three seconds] cannot identi fy DSJ Delta Sierrajuliet, I am, seems to more than it has such speed [open microphone for three s econds] . ItsDATE 21 OCTOBER 1 978 be a lar aircraft below five thousand. gePLACE BASS STRAIT, AUSTRALIA 1 906:4 4 before me right now Melbourne. MAP REF: H20 F S Delta Sierra juliet, What type of 1 9 1 0:00EVENT FATAL ENCOUNTER aircraft is it? FS Delta Sierra juliet, roger and how DSJ Delta Sierrajuliet, I cannot lar would the - er - ob f.{e ject be?In 1 978 there occurred one of the af f inn, it is four bright . . . it seems to 1 9 1 0: 1 9largest UFO flaps in Australian me like landing lights. DSJ Delta Sierra juliet, Melbourne. ithistory with a great number of 1 907:00 seems like its stationary. What I msightings concentrated around the FS Delta Sierrajuliet. doing right now is orbiting and thesouth-eastern quarter of the 1 907:3 1 thing is just orbiting on top o me also. fcontinent, and the highest DSJ Melbourne, this is Delta Sierra Its got a green li ght and sort of metallicconcentration around the Bass juliet, the aircraft has just passed over like. Its all shiny on the outside.Strait. On 21 October 1978 one case me at least a thousand f above. eet FS Delta Sierra made all the more interesting FS Delta Sierra juliet, roger, and it is 1 9 1 0: 4 6because of the corroboration by a lar aircraft, confirmed? ge DSJ Delta Sierra juliet [openother witnesses and the DSJ E r - unknown. due to the speed microphone for five seconds]. Its justcircumstances of the witnesss own its travelling, is there any airforce It is unfortunately also tragic activity in the vicinity? FS Delta Sierra it has almost certainly resulted in FS Delta Sierra juliet, no known 1 9 1 1 : 00the witnesss death . aircraft in the vicinity. DSJ Melbourne, would you know Ulzat At 6. 1 9 p. m. on 2 1 October a 1 908: 1 8 kind o aircraft I Vl got? Is it a militmy fyoung Australian pil o t Frederick , DSJ Melbourne, its approaching now aircraft?Valentich, took off from Moorabbin from due east towards me. FS Delta Sierra juliet. cmzfinn the - crAirport, Melbourne; he was flying to FS Delta Sierra juliet. - aircn�ti just vanished.King Island, just off the coast of 1 908:4 1 DSJ Say again.Victoria. His flight took him over the [open microphone for two seconds]. FS Delta Sierra juliet, L> the aircraftBass Strait, one of the most 1 908:48 still zlitlz you?ufologically active areas in Australia. DSJ Delta Sierra juliet, it seems to m e DSJ Delta Siarajulill, it s [ope n At 6 minutes and 14 seconds past that hes playing some sort ofgame, hes microphone for two seconds ) wm·7 oclock that evening Valentich }lying over me, tllo, three timls at approaching from tire soutlz-zccst.(aircraft desi gnation DSJ) radioed sPllds I could not identzfy. FS Delta Siamju liet.Flight Service (FS) with an e nq u iry , 1 909:00 HH 1 : 50the consequences of which he FS Delta Sierrajulirt, roger, 1t1zat is I>Sj D elta Sierra j uliff. tlzc engine isobviously was unable to foresee atthe time. What follows is the your actual /eve/? rouglr- ulling, ftl got it set at ftt·mty­ I )Sj My level is four and a half th ra fllC1lfy-jilllr and the tlzlng istranscript of the communication thousand, fourfive Zlro zero. coughing. 1 69
    • lllltn•· A USTRALASIAFS Delta Sierra juliet, roger, what are spirit of Valentich to rest, whereveryour intentions? he now is.DSJ My intentions are - ah - to go to There have been rumours, someKing Island - ah - Melbourne. That dubious, surrounding Valentichsstrange aircraft is hovering on top of me present whereabouts; oneagain, [open microphone for two suggested that he crashed into theseconds]. It is hovering and its not an Bass Strait and that the Cessna wasaircraft. on the seabed. The claim came fromFS Delta Sierra juliet. divers who stated they had takenDSJ Delta Sierra juliet, Melbourne sixteen photographs and were[open microphone for seventeen offering them for 10, 000 Australianseconds]. dollars. There were few takers for[No official conclusion has been given this offer although a potentialfor the strange sound which was heard salvage operation was suggested. Itthat intem.Jpted the pilots last has come to nothing and is generallystatement]. regarded as a hoax. A second story even hadNeither Valentich nor his blue and Valentich alive and working at a gaswhite Cessna 1 82 have ever been Frederick Valentich . station in Tasmania. This seems toheard from again. be a not uncommon reaction among This was a case which brought Bass Strait, a green lit starfish­ those who try to involve themselvesUFOs into the open as far as the shaped object, which could well have in any major event and is in the sameRoyal Australian Air Force were been the object Valentich was league as suggesting that Elvisconcerned. They made the request reporting. Indeed for several days Presley is still alive or that half aof a UFO witness that he be VUFORS was flooded with reports dozen gunmen were responsible forinterviewed by the press in the from around the Bass Strait area shooting President Kennedy. Inhopes of encouraJ., Ting other confirming if nothing else that truth, it is highly likely thatwitnesses to come forward, so something was in the sky on the Valentichs whereabouts are notconcerned were they to investigate evening of Valentichs disappearance known with any certainty by anyone.the pilots last minutes. There was - a something not just mysterious The official reaction to the caseother official activity; the Forestry enough to cause puzzlement in reveals elements of a cover-up. BillCommission requested fire lookouts witnesses but also to cause Chalker who has been given accessto report UFOs, police officers sufficient puzzlement and curiosity to t he Royal Australian Air Forceinterviewed UFO witnesses and to make them need to report what UFO files found that this particularaircraft pilots were asked to notify they had seen. case was not among their number. Ittheir traffic controllers of any The other reports suggest that a was eventually explained to him thatunusual object in the sky. truly external event had played a the Valentich case was listed as an V U FORS is based at Moorabbin major part in the case. Some air accident investigation ratherand was ideally placed to follow up abductions and indeed even more than a UFO case, therefore nott his most important investigation; mundane UFO reports arc coming within the framework ofimmediately it did so. They uncorroborated or there are very what they were prepared to allowuncovered no less than twenty good reasons for believing they arc him to see.people at different points around the mostly an internal, self-generated Of the air accident investigation Bass St rait who were reporting a reaction to mundane stimuli. Many report two rather obvious1-,recn light in the same location and r cases certainly have no statements conclude the matter asin the same time-frame that corroboration where there ought to far as the official line goes:Valcntich was describing his contact be some. But cases such as 1 . Degree o f injury - presumedwith the green light or object. Valentichs prove beyond doubt that fatal. One most in terest ing report there is a hard core of objective 2. Opinion as to cause - Thecame from a hank m anager and his reality in the subject of U FOs, which reason for the disappearance ofwife who wen· driv ing n c a r must be resolved, if not just for the aircraft has not beenMdbounw and ohst·rvcd, over the curiositys sake but also to put the detennined. 1 72
    • ·ll lii lll lll lll ll· DATABASE 1 970sNAME THE KAIKOURA CONTROVERSY Tton radar reported a series of WellinJ... Thirty-two miles ( 5 1 krn) out ofDATE DECEMBER 1978 t arge ts up to 4 miles (GA km) from Christchurch a huge target was the plane. reported in the :� oclock position some 12 miles ( 1 9 km) from thePLACE KAIKOURA, NEW ZEALAND At 1 2 . 22 a . m . Wellin�-, ton radar T MAP REF: P21 reported another target and the plane hut unfortunately WcllinJ... TtonEVENT DISTANT SIGHTING Argosy confirmed a visual sighting radar was too distant to pick up the saying I ts got a flashing light. return. Film footage showed ovalOn :n December 1978 a film crew Crockett Look twelve seconds of film shaped objects with rings of light. Ahired by Channel 0 of Melbourne showing bright oval blue-white sort of bell shape with brightfilmed a U FO during its flight over images and then a further five bottoms and less bright lops. the Kaikoura area of New Zealand. seconds of film showing horizontal At 2. 5 1 a. m. , 7 ft (2 1 :{ em) of film On 2 1 December 1978 Captain lights flashing on and off. was taken showing further brightVern Powell and Capt<lin john Four minutes later, before switching lights. At 3. 1 0 a. m. the plane landedRandle in an Argosy cargo aircraft frequencies to join Christchurch air at Blenheim.were flying from Blenheim to traffic control, Wellington confirmed There have been endlessChristchurch and then on to that the targets were now behind suggestions as to what was beingDuneden when they made a number the Argosy. Throughout the filmed: Venus, jupiter, weatherof radar and visual sightings. remainder of the flight various phenomena, wave reflections, On 31 December 1978 Channel 0 targets were visually spotted and japanese squid boats, birdsin Melbourne chartered an Argosy confirmed on radar. The plane reflecting light, bubbles of pollutionplane in order to retrace the first landed shortly after 1 oclock in the and so on. No f mal conclusion hasArgosys flight path. This was not, it morning. ever been drawn.must be stressed, to search for At just gone a quarter past two inUFOs but to obtain background the morning the Argosy took off Alleged UFO photog raphed from anmaterial for their report on the again flying back to Blenheim to a i rcraft over Kaikoura . New Zealand .earlier sighting. Channel Os obtain more film footage. in 1 97 8 .reporter, Quentin Fogarty, (whowas on holiday in New Zealand at thetime) was asked to undertake theinvestigation; the plane was crewedby pilot Bill Startup and co-pilotRobert Guard. The film crewconsisted of Fogarty along withDavid Crockett and his wife Ngaire.The first Argosy took off at 1 1 . 46p. m. from Wellington airport on 30 December 1 978. Less than 25 minutes later at 12. 1 0 a.m. (now 31 December 1 978) the film crew were in theloading bay filming backgroundmaterial, the plane was flying at 1 1 7knots at 1 0, 000 ft (3, 048 m) andsuddenly Startup and Guard spottedlights in the direction of Kaikoura.They radioed Wellington control andrequested inforn1ation and were toldThere are targets in your 1 0 oclockposition at 13 miles (2 1 km)appearing and disappearing; notshoing at present. but they were a minute ago. For a while after that 1 73
    • AUSTRALAS I A 1 980s collision. Sean, the son that had then this is the most crude form of been driving, made a U-turn and abduction we have yet seen.NAM E NULLARBOR PLAIN chased the light which in due course Dust surrounded the car andDATE 21 JANUARY 1 988 changed its course and headed back came in through an open window and towards the Knowles own car. Sean there was a smell like decomposingPLACE NULLARBOR PLAIN, WESTERN turned again but this time the object bodies. One of the sons, Sean, AUSTRALIA sped up to the car and landed on its stated that he had missed some of MAP REF: E18 roof with an audible thump. the details as he had gone out coldEVENT VEHICLE INTERFERENCE The car seemed to be being at one stage. Once back on the dragged upwards and the family was ground Sean stopped the car and the1 am indebted to Paul Norman of unsure what course of action to family jumped out and hid in theVUFORS for sending me details of take. The two dogs in the car bushes along the side of the highwayhis report into this incident. became very agitated and one of the until the UFO was gone. The mother and three sons of the sons, Patrick, said he felt as though From outside, they described theKnowles family from Perth were his brains were pulled from his head. object as a white light approximatelydriving towards Mundrabilla when In fact the family did not really the same size as the car with athey saw lights ahead of them. As realize that the car was in the air yellow centre and making a soundthey were in the outback they until it dropped back to the ground like electrical humming. The familyrealised these could be no ordinary bursting one of its tyres. Incredibly, changed the tyre and drove on tostreet lights. just a quarter of an while the object had been attached Mundrabilla where they discussedhour before the lights were seen the to the roof, the mother, Faye, had the experience with truck radio had begun malfunctioning. rolled down the window and reached Paul Norman and a colleague As the car got closer to the up and touched the object which felt investigated the radio and found thatlights it became obvious that it was warm and spongy, possibly a suction it was now operating perfectly evenin fact one strangely glowing light pad. If the description is accurate, though it had been malfunctioninghovering above the ground just off during the encounter. On the roof ofthe side of the highway. In fact they The Knowles s family car, co m p lete with the car they found an indentationseemed to be seeing a light that was b u rst tyr e , being examined by matching the description given byhovering over another vehicle and i nvestigators from VUFO R S following a the family. Of the tyre, it was inthey had to swerve to avoid a close encou nter on the N u l larbor Plai n . good condition and should not have blown but in fact was ripped all the way round its edge. Laboratory analysis of the dust revealed oxygen, carbon, calcium, silicon, potassium and other traces and a possible trace of astatine which is a radioactive chemical that can only be produced synthetically. However, the half life of astatine is only a few hours and any normal isotope of this element would have deteriorated before the investigation was under way. Investigation by VUFORS revealed that there were other UFO reports around the Nullarbor plain on the night of the encounter. Paul Normans comment on this case remains level-headed. Before we know what is happening, there are more reports to check out and much more research remains to be done. 1 74
    • uslralasia, the Asian islands, New Zealand and clumsily drop saucers all over North America - at the A principally Australia, is a ufologically rich part last count there could be as many as forty saucers and of the world. The introduction by one of its over a hundred alien cadavers stored for examination most active researchers - Paul Norman of there - yet they never get clumsy over Australia.VUFORS - and the database itself gives a good idea of (The absence of crash retrieval cases in Souththe variety of the reports coming from that area of the America and Africa is more understandable s., ven the .-iworld, and of the importance of such cases as Father size of the continents, the meagre scattering ofGill, the Valentich case and the Mooraduc Road case; researchers, and poor communications. ) So why isall of which have been most thoroughly investigated. this type of phenomenon absent from Australia? Is it a I would like to concentrate my summary of this factor of the people, the researchers, or the phe­continent on what is not there. What is missing from nomenon itself? If it is a factor of the phenomenonAustralia in particular is of t, eat importance to Tf itself then one could reach a bizarre conclusion: theyresearchers who seek an overall understanding of the drop saucers in the United States because they wantphenomenon on a global basis. Why, for example, them to be found there !does Australia have no crash retrieval cases? It is Until we can understand the answer to thatcertainly reasonable to expect them 1-. ven the availa­ .-i question then no real understanding of UFOs isbility of wide open spaces, good lines of communica­ possible; we may still be a long way from a realtion and good researchers. The country even has perspective that will allow us to appreciate the truth.military and space pro!-, amme installations. All of Tf A study of the development of Australian ufoiO,!.., in }these components exist in Australia as they do in comparison with other areas of the world will provideNorth America. Yet aliens (to take the classic line) some of the pieces necessary to complete the jig-saw.Ayers Rock. a mysterious but muchadmired feature i n this land of vastopen space s . 1 75
    • WITH THE DEVELOPMENT OF RESEARCH , ESPECIALLY I N BRAZIL, ARGENTINA AN D C HILE , PEOPLE HAVE B E C OME AWARE THAT THEY SHOULD CALL A UFOLOGIST WHEN THEY NOTIC E SOMETHING UNUSUAL IN THE SKY. KEY TO MAP OF SOUTH AMERICACD Bauni , Brazil ® Lake Maracaibo, Santa Rita , Venezuela0 Lego Argentino , Argentina ® Familia Sagrada, Belo Horizonte, Brazil0 Caracas, Venezuela @> The Niteroi Deaths, Rio de Janeiro, BrazilCD Ubatuba, Brazil @ Bebedouro , North of Belo Horizonte, Brazil® Antonio Villas Boas, Minas Geraes, Brazil @ The Bananeiras Bus , Bananeiras, Brazil® The Fort ltaipu Attack, Fort ltaipu , Brazil @ Isla de Lobos, Uruguay(J) Trindade Island photographs, Trindade Island, Atlantic Ocean ® Elias Seixas Abduction, Concei�ao de Araguaia, Goias. Brazil
    • outh America is such a large continent ( Brazil S is, itself, the size of a continent) that it is hazardous to offer generalizations on any one subject. Nonetheless, UFOs are a commonphenomenon around the world, and close encountersof all kinds are basically the same here as they arethroughout the rest of the world. However, here the grays, which are the morealien-looking aliens known in North America and tosome extent in Europe, are less frequently met . In thecases I have investigated, entities, even when theyinvolve smaller beings, have not behaved in a hostilemanner. Many are very human looking, and some aretaller than humans. To take for example the EliasSeixas Abduction (see page 188), a human beingssemen was forcibly extracted, yet the abductee has noill feelings about this. He sees the positive side of hisUFO experience. Generally, we feel that it is thehuman beings personal attitude towards his captorsthat is important. With the development of research, especially inBrazil , Argentina and Chile, people have becomeaware that they should call a ufoloh rist when theynotice something unusual in the sky. In the pas t theyonly called the national astronomical observatories, orthe control towers at airports, always obtaining thesame reply, You must have seen a meteorologicalballoon. (Official astronomers seem to have noimagination - why do they never say anything elsewhen they wish to debunk a sighting, are theycomplying with orders they have received? ) ( ) n one occasion, however, they were not in­volved. O n 1 9 May 1 9Rti, radar screens weresaturated vi t i ! lights ( which were also observedvisually) ami echo e s , first in Sao jose dos Campos, South A me rica is rich in cult u ral h isto ry and i mages of ancientthen Brasilia and the Santa Cruz Air Base in Rio de gods l i ke these o n Easter Island . Some see i n these figures thejaneiro. T h i s cnhi:d confusion in the air traffic reflection of ancient astronauts . . . 1 78
    • "1 1 i !ll l l l l11 1 n• · THE SOUTH A M E R I CAN V I EW PO I N Tcontrols, s o FE Mirage jets were scrambled by the Air with his own UFO gro u p, received a message in whichForce to intercept the lJFOs. Finally the Air Minister he was told to meet ex tra-terrestrials at a certainhimself, Brigadier Octavio Moreira Lima came for­ place and date. I Ic complied, and found a metallicward on TV and stated that lJFOs had been observed sphere on his way that led him to the meeting place.and promised to give a full report within two months. There he met several extra- terrestrials who hadl ie did not keep his word, obviously pressure was landed in a UFO. l ie had met one of them before, herebrought to bear, but by whom? on Earth. There is a similarity here with the South On TV two or three days later the Brigadier African case of Edwin, who met George (s ee pagepresented all the pilots and air traffic controllers, ten 1 47), as described in Cynthia l l i nds African Enroun ­altogether - who had participated in this unearthly ters and i n Koldas b y C. Van Vlierden and W . Stevens.hunt. All had watched the lights, none were able to In Brazil we also accept the contactee as part ofintercept them, their speed having been beyond 930 the picture and 1-, ve their cases as much care as the rimiles ( 1 , 500 km) per hour. Another interested nuts-and-bolts accounts. As to what interpretation iswitness was ()zires Silva, then taking up his post as given them, that is the researchers responsibility.President of P ETI{OilRAS, who was travelling in his Ufologists - in South America as in the rest of theprivate plane, when he witnessed the UFO. He has world - have different attitudes according to theirnow just been appointed Minister of Infrastructure in outlook and belief systems. On the one hand we havethe new Collor government, so ufolo,b ists have hopes r advanced ufology, which is mystical, yet well-rootedfor a more open attitude on the subject. in culture and folklore. We also have the die-hard We have good ufolo,bists in Brazil. One of them, r scientific ufolo,bists, who discard all but scientific data. rEngineer Claudeir Covo, interviewed all the pilots, Finally there are those, like myself, who are deeplystudied every facet of the case, and published his interested in the esoteric and spiritual aspects offmdings. Captain Basilio Baranoff, of Sao Jose dos ufology, yet work on a data-gathering basis, with aCampos, who works at Technological Aeronautics view towards future communication with our extra­Institute (1. T. A. ) , also compiled a very extensive, terrestrial visitors. Brazilians are interested indetailed report. I myself gathered a collection of over alternative culture, which includes healing andthirty reports of lights seen in the sky on, or around homeopathy, chromotherapy, astrology, para­the 19-20 May, some of which were very interesting psycholo,by and so on, and includes ufology. I know rand implied close encounters. This was published by that Europeans do not accept such a seemingly hybridthe review UFO. Then Fabio Zerpa, President of combination - but if they lived here, perhaps theyON IFE, Buenos Aires, brought out a complete would. The situation in Argentina is much the same asmonograph on the subject, after he too visited Brazil here. In Argentina, Fabio Zerpa published Cuartaand met some of the witnesses. This, for him, was a Dimension , which has been in existence for the pastfollow up to a similar U FO flyover the preceding year thirty-one years. I n Brazil, I was editor of the firstin Argentina. Chile also contributed its share - scientifically oriented UFO review which closed downEugenio Bahamonde of Ponta Arenas told me how in 1 980. Now for the past few years we have hadUFOs had flown over his country at that time. UFO, edited by Gevaerd in Mato Crosso do Sui, and As to the true extent of UFOs, well documented Planeta, published in Sao Paulo, that intennittentlycases such as the one above do much to enlighten the features information about UFOs.population, especially people with enquiring minds. I believe the difficulties for ufology are the same Multiple-witness sightings are important as at everywhere in the world, but I am also sure t hattimes they involve thousands of spectators, however, persistence will break down all barriers.abductions are far more interesting and more frequentthan imagined by even a keen ufologist. Several really outstanding cases have come myway, others were first examined by colleagues in I RENE G RANCH I is one of the m ost respected ufologists on theBrazil. Argentina and Chile have their share of them So uth American continent, and has been an activetoo, though I know less about Uruguay, Bolivia, researcher for many years . She is p resident of C I S N E , theParaguay and other smaller countries in South Amer­ Centro d e l nvestigacoes Sabre a Natu reza dos Extra­ica for lack of sufficient data. However, in Colombia Terrestres . She has been involved in m ost of the majorthere is the famous Engineer Rincon case, 1973. cases o n that continent . she is a regular contri b utor to UFOwhich has a wealth of interesting data. This engineer, literature and a val ued speaker at many sym posia. 1 79
    • 1 940s 1 950s suburbs of the Venezuelan capital. They stopped when they saw aN A M E BAUR U , BRAZIL NAME LEGO ARGENTINO glowing globe some 10 ft (3 m ) wideDATE 23 JULY 1 947 DATE 18 MARCH 1 950 hovering over the road.PLACE BAUR U , BRAZIL What was to follow is a most PLACE LEGO ARGENTINO, ARGENTINA unusual contact claim. Gonzalez MAP REF: K13 MAP REF: E21 ended up brawling with a hairy,EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRD EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRD dwarf like entity which was wearing KIND KIND a loin-cloth, had glowing eyes and dispiayed deceptive strength.On 23 july 1 9<17 Jose Higgins was In the early evening of 18 March Although it was very light, it wasone of a group of workers who 1950 rancher Wilfredo Arevalo able to knock Gonzalez some 1 5 ftwitnessed the landing of a 1 50 ft witnessed the landing of a flying ( tl . 5 m) without any obvious effort.(<16 m) wide grey-white flying saucer while a second companion The brawling ended when anothersaucer at Baurli in the state of Sao saucer hovered overhead, as if creature from inside the globePaulo, Brazil. Higgins was left alone guarding the first. Arevalo walked to blinded Gonzalez with a ray from awhen the other workmen fled the within <100 ft ( 120 m) of the craft tube he was carrying. Ponce, in thearea and he was confronted by three noticing an intense smell like meantime, watched creatures carryentities about 7 ft (213 em) tall burning benzine. The craft was soil and rocks into the globe afterwearing inflated transparent suits giving off a blue vapour through marching out from nearby bushes.and carrying boxes on their backs. which Arevalo could see that the Gonzalez had a long scar on hisTheir clothing, visible through the surface of it seemed to be made of side from the fight and the two mensuits, appeared to be made of something like aluminium. were placed under medicalbrightly coloured paper. All the Even when it landed, part of the observation for a few days. It wasentities had large rounded bald disc remained revolving like a first assumed that the men mustheads, huge eyes, no eyebrows and gramophone record. In the glass have been drunk but later one of thelong legs. Oddly, l l igh ns found ri cabin Arevalo could see four tall, doctors treating them admitted thatthem beautiful. well shaped men dressed in he accepted their story because on T he y seemed t o be t rying to lure something like cellophane. driving back from a night time call hehim into t he saucer but he eluded The men shone a search light at had actually seen the fight with thet h em . He h i d in some bu s he s and Arevalo then the craft took off, entities! The doctor was apparentlyt h e n , a m az in gl y , watched them leaving an area of burnt grass later sufficiently curious to take upa ppear t o play. They spent half an confirmed by other ranchers. discussion of the case with Americanhour lea pi n g and j u m p i ng and tossing authorities in Washin!-, on. Tt.huge stones. E ve n t ua lly they re­ vanishede n tered t he craft a nd i t NAME CARACASto wa rds t he n or t h . At onepoint they NAME UBATUBA DATE 28 NOVEMBER 1 954had drawn what l lig}., n s took to be a � PLACE CARACAS , VENEZUELA DATE SEPTEMBER 1 957map of t he solar s ys te m w h ic h MAP REF: F2 PLACE UBATUBA, BRAZILseemed to i ndica te t ha t t he y hadcome from l l ra n u s . MAP REF: L1 3 EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRD Of part icular i n k rc s t w a s t h e KIND EVENT CRASH RETRIEVALdist inct rim < t ro l H H I t he edge of thefly i n g sa ucer w h i c h .�;t < i t " Saturn­ I n t h e early hours of 2H November 1-<epor t s from Ubatuba, Brazil insha pe (see Trind; H i t - i � l;�nd 1 95,1 ( ;ustavo Conzalez and jose September 1 957 indicated that aphot ographs incid( t l t p; : c t l �:l l . Ponce were driving a van in t he !lying saucer had approached 1 80
    • · i l llll l l lllll n • · DATABASE 1 950sfishermen who had then seen it looked through their bedroom their clothes at the back and s1des.explode, scattering material window. It seemed to scan their Villas Boas found himself in aeverywhere. There was some doubt home hut they could not sec its small room with polished metalabout the authenticity of the claim as source. walls, brightly lit and with no visiblethe exposure was through a On 14 October around 10 oclock signs of the door he had enterednewspaper columnist, and the in the evening, Villas Boas and his through. Eventually his captors ledfishermen were never available for brother were ploughing the familys him through several rooms to one inquestioning. fields. In the high temperatures of which they forcibly undressed him. It was thought that they might Brazil it is customary for the land­ Curiously at the time, but perhapshave been asked to remain silent by owning class to work through the understandable with hindsight, onethe govemment. night and employ labourers to work of the entities spread a thick, Some of the alleged material was during the hot daytime hours. They transparent liquid over his skin andrecovered and analyzed; the analysis saw a ball of red light, which was too then he was taken into a small roomindicated that it was a pure brilliant to look at directly, hovering where a blood sample was takenmagnesium, of a purity beyond the approximately 300 ft (92 m) above from him. This operation left a scarcapabilities of our own metallur!-,J}cal their field. Villas Boas asked his which investigators verified in theprocesses, therefore indicating an brother to accompany him to subsequent investigation.extra-terrestrial origin. Clearly this investigate the light but his brother For over half an hour Villas Boasmay be overstating the case though refused so he went alone. was left alone in a virtuallyit is interesting that in Ashland, As he approached the light, it featureless room sitting on a kind ofNebraska when patrolman Schirmer evaded him at high speed and for couch bed. He noticed pipes in thewas abducted (see page 54) he was some time Villas Boas chased it back walls from which small puffs oftold that the flying saucers were and forth across the field. He gave smoke were spreading, the smell ofmade from 1 00 per cent pure up after approximately twenty which made him feel sick ; indeed hemagnesium. Various inconclusive attempts to catch up with the UFO vomited in one comer of the room.tests were carried out, and at the and retumed to his brother. They After half an hour had passedpresent time it is believed that all watched as it remained around for a Villas Boas was treated to anthe recovered material has now short while, sending intennittent extraordinary twist which took hisbeen either used up or lost. rays in random directions. experience beyond the realms of the The Ubatuba retrieval has On the following night Villas Boas usual abduction phenomenon. Hisbecome a great debating point for was ploughing alone and shortly solitude was broken by the arrival ofufologists seeking either support after midnight he saw the red ball another alien. Her body was muchfor, or denial of, the Extra­ again. Although still hovering at more beautiful than any I have everterrestrial Hypothesis. some 300 ft (92 m) he got close seen before. It was slim, and herUnfortunately it is one of those enough to see that it contained a breasts stood up high and wellcases about which far more is bright oval shaped object. Perhaps separated. Her waistline was thin,written than is known. because of its closeness, Villas Boas her belly flat, her hips well lost his enthusiasm of the previous developed, and her thighs were night to catch up with the object and large. This new distracting arrivalNAME ANTONIO VILLAS BOAS considered making a getaway in his was a human-like naked woman with tractor. He was not successful! blonde hair, pale skin, large blue The object landed some 40 ft ( 1 2DATE 1 5 OCTOBER 1957 slanted eyes, reduced lips, nose,PLACE MINAS GERAES, BRAZIL m ) i n front o f hin1 on three metallic ears and high flat cheekbones that MAP REF: L1 1 legs; it was an egg-shaped craft with gave the impression of a sharplyEVENT ABDUCTION a rotating dome. pointed chin. She was short and Villas Boas left the tractor and came towards Villas Boas in silence.The most extraordinary and now ran but was chased by five entities As Villas Boas later put it, shefamous case of Antonio Villas Boas and overcome. They carried him was looking at me all the while as ifactually started in the first week of aboard. The entities wore grey she wanted something from me.October 1957. Villas Boas and his tight -fitting suits and helmets which She certainly did� She hugged Villasbrother joao saw a brillia nt beam of revealed only their small blue eyes. Boas and rubbed her face and bodylight coming from the sky as they From the helmets, tubes ran into against his. In the circumstances, 1 81
    • IIIIIi1 11 1111 ... SO UTH A M E R ICAany lack of interest from Villas Boas interpreted this gesture as a sign At approximately 2 oclock in thewould have been quite that she would be taking his seed morning two guards at Fort Itaipuunderstandable but in fact he back and a child would be born. saw a bright light above them; theybecame excited by the contact, Villas Boas was allowed to dress thought they had seen a nova, orresponding to her touch with and was given a tour of the craft exploding star. Quickly they realizedenthusiasm. He later considered during which time he attempted to that they were looking at an objectthat the liquid spread over him may steal one of the instruments as a descending directly towards them athave been a sexual stimulant. proof of his experience; one of the rapid speed. About 1, 000 ft (304 m) The embrace ended on the couch aliens caught him and took the object above them the UFO reduced speedwhere the couple had a normal act of from him. Rather brusquely he was and descended slowly to a height ofsexual intercourse which Villas Boas turfed off the craft and left in a field approximately 1 50 ft (46 m).found exciting and pleasing. She to watch the object take off at The guards were able to see thatreacted as any healthy woman would astonishing speed. Villas Boas had inside the constant orange glow thewith one slight exception: she never spent over four hours on board. object was circular, some 100 ftkissed him (though she did bite him Later, medical examination (30 m) wide and appeared to besoftly on the chin). She also had a revealed a scar where the blood under intelligent control. Althoughsomewhat disconcerting habit of sample had been taken and what both guards were armed withgrowling and barking occasionally. may have been radioactive burning powerful submachine guns, neither Later, Villas Boas was to on parts of his skin. Top Brazilian made any aggressive gestureunderstand that they wanted him researcher Mrs Irene Granchi spoke towards the UFO. The UFO,only for breeding stock which made to Villas Boass wife, Marlena, at the however, appears to have made onehim somewhat angry and if that was time and asked her how she felt towards them.the case then presumably the object about the possibility of her husband The guards heard a humming,of the exercise had already been having an extra-terrestrial offspring. generator type sound and were thenachieved. However, unfulfilled in She said she did not mind and indeed hit by a sudden blistering heat.some capacity or the other the was rather proud of the idea. There was no flame or visible raywoman did not stop at this point but The case has attracted but an instant overwhelming feelingcontinued petting, arousing Villas considerable speculation, the most of burning and it seemed to theBoas to a further successful act of obvious of which was the suggestion guards that their bodies weresexual intercourse. It was after the that Villas Boas was subject to an actually on fire.second act that she apparently erotic fantasy. The screams of the guardsbecame fri!-, id and withdrawn and it r Whatever the reality, Villas Boas alerted other troops but, beforewas then that he realized he had never retracted his claims despite they could organize themselves, abeen used, which caused him, too, being annoyed at the way his power failure plunged the base intoto become frigid. experience had been exploited by darkness. Shortly afterwards, when In an interview twenty-one years the media (the encounter has even the heat disappeared and the powerlater Villas Boas added one detail to been the subject of a French comic came back on, the soldiers saw thethe encounter which had not strip) and throughout his life his glowing UFO as it streaked awayhitherto been revealed. After this recall was never contradictory. into the sky. The unfortunate guardssecond act of sexual intercourse the were in a serious condition andwoman also extracted a sperm required considerable medicalsample from him which he assumes NAME THE FORT ITAIPU AITACK attention for their bums.was preserved for later use. DATE 4 NOVEMBER 1 957 Brazilian military officials were so Before she left him the woman concerned that a request was made PLACE FORT ITAIPU, BRAZILpointed at her belly and then at the to the United States for assistance MAP REF: K13sky. Villas Boas said I interpreted and officially the case has neverthe sign as meaning to say that she EVENT POSSIBLE UFO AITACK been closed. There is a questionintended to retum and take me with that has never been answered: wereher to wherever it was that she Evidence of possible hostility on the the guards the unfortunate victimslived. That is why I still feel afraid; if part of UFO occupants comes from a of a backlash of power emission fromthey came back to fetch me, Id be remarkable case that occurred in the UFO or where they the target oflost. Researchers have also Brazil in 1957. an attack by it? 1 84
    • • 1 1 1 1 ilii ii11U•• · DATABASE 1 950sNAME TRINDADE ISLAND PHOTOGRAPHSDATE 16 JANUARY 1958PLACE TRINDADE ISLAND, ATLANTIC OCEAN MAP REF: 0 1 3EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE FIRST KIND/PHOTOGRAPHIC CASEA flying saucer sighting would beunlikely at the very barren island ofTrindadc, as everyone knowsMartians arc extremely comfortloving creatures. The abovecomment might well have beenwritten for a tabloid newspaper. I nfact, it was part o f a n official reportby the U.S. Navy attache on aphotographic case involving forty­eight witnesses. The ship A lmirante Saldanha ofthe Hydrographic and Navigation Barauna took six photographs within UFO photographed over Trindade I slandService of the Brazilian Navy was a fifteen second time span; the first o n 16 January 1 958.anchored in Trindade Island on 1 6 two as the object approached thejanuary 1958 preparing t o sail t o Rio island, the third as it emerged from him to conceal a previouslyde janeiro. Trindade Island is behind Desegado Mountain, two developed film and thereby produceapproximately 750 miles ( 1 2, 070 photographs that missed the object any kind of hoax photograph. Thiskm) from the Brazilian coast. and a sixth photograph was taken as indicates the degree of seriousness Apart from the ships norn1al the object was moving away. which followed the event.crew complement there was also a Despite the brief duration of the The Brazilian Navy undertookteam of divers on board who had sighting the case has become one of photographic analysis of the film andbeen taking underwater the most famous and the it was pronounced genuine. Indeed,photographs around the island. They photographs have been perhaps the the photographs were released toincluded the principal witness, most widely published in U FO the Press by none other than MrAlmiro Barauna, a professional history. The object in the juscelino Kubitschek, the Presidentphotographer. At the time t he UFOs photographs appears to be a of Brazil. Subsequent investigationapproached the island there were flattened globe surrounded by a revealed that there had been at leastaround forty-eight witnesses on the central ring not unlike the planet seven other sightings bet ween thedeck watching the incident. Below Saturn. The image is hazy, which end of 1 957 and early 1 958, witnessesdeck the captain, Carlos Alberto may reflect the characteristics of a to these included Captain Bacellar.Bacellar, was unaware of events. camera, but witnesses confirmed The Brazilian government A s preparations were made to that the object was blurred. appears to have been very openget underway, Barauna was getting Captain Bacellar took immediate about the photographs although itready to take photographs of the steps to safeguard the authenticity did not make all details of its ownship-to-shore transfer boat and was of the film Barauna had taken. He investigation public. They seem toat the time feeling unwell not having insisted that it be developed accept that an unknmvn object wastaken the seasickness pills he immediately in a washroom which observed over Trindade Island bycustomarily took. At just after noon was converted to a darkroom on the the itnesses. The paraf_. raph ith ra bright object was suddenly seen spot. As an extra precaution which this section opened, by theapproaching the island and in the Racellar insisted that Barauna, US Naval attache in Rio, hardlygeneral melee several people before going into the darkroom, seems respectful in view of theshouted to Barauna as if to indicate should strip to his swimming trunks Brazilian governments own sensiblethat he should photograph it. in order to make it impossible for appraisal of the situation. 1 85
    • I IIIIIII : 1 111 111 •· S OU TH A M E R ICA 1 960s vivid red complexion and only one NAME BEBEDOURO large brown eye. DATE 4 MAY 1 969NAM E LAKE MARACAIBO One of the boys tried to throw a PLACE BEBEDOURO, NORTH OF BELO brick at one of the entities but wasDATE 6 OCTOBER 1 96 1 HORIZONTE, BRAZIL prevented from doing so by a beamPLACE SANTA RITA, VENEZUELA MAP REF: L1 2 fired from the entitys chest which MAP REF: D2 paralyzed the boys arm. The boys EVENT ABDUCTIONEVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE FIRST were left unharmed as the sphere KIND floated back into the sky. On a sunny afternoon in May 1969 Brazilian soldier jose Antonio daPanic caused by the close approach Silva became the target of a mostof UFOs can sometimes have tragic NAME THE NITEROI DEATHS extraordinary UFO abduction. Da Silva was fishing when at approximately 3 oclock in theconsequences. On the night of 6 DATE 20 AUGUST 1 966October 1 961 a large UFO flew low PLACE NITEROI, RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZILover the town of Santa Rita, afternoon he was aware of figures MAP REF: M 1 2Venezuela, its radiance apparently moving behind him. Suddenly helighting up the entire town. It moved EVENT UNEXPLAINED DEATHS/UFO CONTACT saw a beam of light which hit him in the legs and caused a paralysis, Late in the evening of 20 Augustslowly over the nearby LakeMaracaibo causing considerable bringing him to his knees.panic. Most of the fishermen leapt 1966 police at Niteroi, a suburb of He was seized and dragged awayoverboard and swam ashore but Rio de janeiro, received a report by the two entities that had closed insadly Bartolme Romero, drowned. from a woman that a UFO had on him; they were approximately 4 landed on a nearby hillside. Police ft (122 em) tall, wearing dull silver climbed the hill on a routine, and suits, their heads covered byNAME FAMILIA SAGRADA probably light-hearted, survey. metallic helmets.DATE 28 AUGUST 1 963 Near the top of the hill lay the The entities dragged him to a bodies of two men, their faces craft described as being a tallPLACE FAMILIA SAGRADA, BELO HORIZONTE, covered with lead masks. A note cylinder with a saucer on top and BRAZIL was found with the bodies reading bottom, standing upright. The At 4. 30 p. m. we will take the device was apparently 6 ft (183 em) MAP REF: M1 1EVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRD capsule. After the effect is high and 8 ft (244 em) wide. KIND produced, protect half the face with Da Silva and the entities were lead masks. Wait for agreed signal. secured to the seats and a sensationOne of the most striking features of I t has been suggested that the men of movement combined with aSouth American humanoid reports is were preparing to make contact with humming sound indicated to da Silvatheir incredible variety. In this case, the the UFO occupants and if so it that the craft had taken off. Theythe description of the entities was a contact that went badly wrong. landed and, blindfolded, da Silva wasappears quite unique. Laboratory tests on the bodies dragged from the craft into what The witnesses to the event were indicated no clue as to the cause of appeared to be a different room.three boys aged about twelve who death and stated only that there was When the blindfold was removed thewere playing in the garden when no medical reason Our lab men have beings had removed their spacesuitsthey saw a large, transparent, ruled out the possibility of poison, and stood before him. They wereglowing globe with four entities violence or asphyxiation. stockily built, had long beards andinside. One of the entities No official connection between wavy red hair falling down to belowdescended on a beam of light. the deaths and the UFO sighting has their waist. Their faces appeared All of the entities were tall, been admitted to, but the Brazilian almost troll-like with big noses,around 7 ft ( 2 U em), and were press suggested a modification to bushy eyebrows, large ears andwearing brown divers suits and the usual official conclusion in such toothless mouths. Their eyes werehigh black boots. Their heads were cases (death caused by person or a shade of green.round and bald and they wore persons unknown) and suggested On a wide bench in the room withtransparent helmets. They had no instead death caused by beings or them were the dead bodies of fourears or nose, a str;u tgc mouth, a persons from the unknown. humans and da Silva speculated that 1 86
    • i f l i l l l l llll l•• · DATABASE 1 970sthis may have been desihrned to THE PALENOUE ANC I E NT ASTRONAUTencourage his compliance. The entities searched through daSilvas belongings retaining such The position of the central figu reitems as bank notes and his identity in I his ancien! carving from Palenque, Mexico (BELow) bearscard. Somehow da Silva felt they an uncanny resemblance to thewere asking him to be their spy on Mercury astronaut (AsovE).Earth. Da Silva refused, whichcaused some consternation. Suddenly da Silva saw whatappeared to be a Christ-like entity,barefoot and wearing a long monk­like dark robe. The figure spokefluent Portuguese and gave da Silvaa message which da Silva stated hewas told he should not pass on forseveral years. Even now da Silva ishesitant to give details. Da Silva was blindfolded again,led back to the craft and again takenon a journey. The same joltannounced that the craft had landed,his helmet was pulled off and da Silvawas unceremoniously turfed off thecraft. He drank from a nearbystream, caught a fish which hecooked and ate and found to hisamazement that he was near the cityof Victoria, some 200 miles (322 km)from where he had set out. Evenmore incredibly, it was now over business meeting, were driving in medical examination which includedfour days since the time of his the early evening through the town having a blood sample taken. Thisabduction! On returning to Belo of Antividad de Carangola. The left a scar which UFO investigatorsHorizonte, da Silva reported his principal witness was one Paulo from the research group SBEVDstory which some suggested he Gaetano, travelling with Mr E. B. witnessed and photographed someinvented to explain his absence As they passed the town of days after the event.which seems both out of character Bananeiras, Gaetano felt that the car E . B. apparently did not see anand unwisely attention-seeking. was not responding properly. The extra-terrestrial craft. He saw a engine then stalled and Gaetano bus! His story of events is that when parked on the side of the road. the car had slowed down and 1 970s It seems highly probable that the stopped Gaetano had got out, fallen malfunction of the was not due to to the ground and E. B. had had toNAME TH E BANANEIRAS BUS a normal mechanical failure because pull him to his feet and take him by just next to where it had come to bus to ltaperuna, to a first aid clinic.DATE 17 NOVEMBER 1971 rest Gaetano noticed a red ray of Did Gaetano see a bus and forPLACE BANANEIRAS, BRAZIL light radiating from a parked object some unexplained internal reason MAP REF: PS out of which several small creatures related to his own mental make-upEVENT CAMOURAGED UFO? emerged and were now suffer a fantasy of alien abduction? approaching! Or, did an alien abduction take place Gaetano was apparently abducted which did not involve E. B. , who hadAn extraordinary case occurred in from the car and taken aboard the a false memory planted in his mind1971 when two men, leaving a craft where he was subjected to a to remove the details of the attack? 1 87
    • SO UTH A M E R I CANAME ISLA DE LOBOS Because of the single-witness had used up only 0. 22 gallons ( 1 factor the investigating group, CIOVI, litre) o f diesel, having covered aDATE 28 OCTOBER 1 972 obtained professional help to put the distance of 89 miles ( 143 km). OncePLACE ISLA DE LOBOS, URUGUAY witness through over nine hours of in Rio de janeiro, Guaracf placed his MAP REF: 1 1 6 psychological testing which seemed own station-wagon in front of theEVENT CLOSE ENCOUNTER OF THE THIRD to support the validity of his claims. truck, and the station-wagon started KIND blinking its lights on and off, although neither vehicle had itsOn the evening of 28 October 1972 1 980s engine on. On reaching home, Elias,five men manning a 200 ft (6 1 m) walking in front of his truck, saw thelighthouse were to receive NAM E ELIAS SEIXAS ABDUCTION bonnet (hood), which had alwaysextraordinary visitors. DATE 25 SEPTEMBER 1 981 given him trouble in opening, lift by just after ten oclock in the itself and bang down again. PLACE CONCEICAO DE ARAGUAIA, GOlAS,evening Corporal juan Fuentes left A wart on Eliass hand BRAZILthe others to inspect the generators disappeared mysteriously. Later MAP REF: K10at the base of the lighthouse. As recollections revealed that semensoon as he left the quarters he EVENT ABDUCTION had forcibly been drawn from hisnoticed an object apparently parked penis. This caused him temporarynext to the lighthouse on top of a flat I am grateful to Irene Granchi of impotence, visits to a psychiatristterrace. Fuentes immediately CISNE for supplying this report. and a near divorce.returned to the garrison house to Elias Seixas, his cousin and a Irene Granchi met the three mencollect a gun from his room. friend were crossing the State of after a talk she gave at a As he walked towards the object Goias, near Concei<;ao de Araguaia symposium, and they asked her toFuentes noticed shining white, on 25 September 198 1 . Elias was fix an appointment with Dr Silvioyellow and purple lights which driving his truck and was returning Lago for regression hypnosis. Twoilluminated a humanoid figure. to Rio de janeiro, where the three sessions with him were mostAlmost immediately Fuentes noticed lived. Odd things started happening: revealing: Elias described histwo others, one apparently headlights blinked on and off, Elias abduction, the aliens he met, thedescending from the flying saucer to felt a cold liquid pressing against the place he visited, his return journey.the terrace where he was. back of his head. He turned off the Whereas the ship he was first taken Fuentes was a decisive man and engine, but the lights continued into had only one tall, long-limbedon seeing the sight, and at some 80 blinking. He stopped the car and the man with penetrating lilac-blue eyes,ft (24 m) from the object, he raised three got out, the two others also the beings he saw after landing werehis arm - pointing the gun forward having noticed a blue flash cross the the small, large-headed ones, and heready to shoot. The entities sky. They now saw something that also saw two human beings he wasprevented him from shooting at looked like a bonfire in the distance not allowed to speak to. He bears nothem. How they did this, Fuentes is across the plains, but realized it ill feelings towards his captors, inunclear. The entities re-boarded the could not be a bonfire: it was a UFO, spite of everything. Shortly aftercraft which started rising and then pulsating light. Elias took his newly undergoing hypnosis he starteddisappeared at fantastic speed. acquired Super-8 camera and filmed developing paranormal powers and White as a sheet and gun in hand it for a few seconds. The film later discovered that he could heal. HeFuentes returned to the other men revealed flashes of light coming from has now been working for free forand told them he had seen a flying a 20 ft (6 m) wide fiery-red object. years with a famous Brazilian doctorsaucer. They appear to have been Back in the truck, Guaracfs straw and parapsychologist, Dr Sobral,very practical men and his story was hat, wedged between his neck and where he helps to make diagnosesnot well received. It was Fuentes the seat, flew off. There was no with a group of channellers ofintention to tell his story to the wind. The three felt drowsy, and the ethereal or psychic but before doing so he journey was long. When they The memory of Guaracf, wasreported to a higher ranking officer, reached a petrol station in Guaraf, entirely blocked, but the third in thewho then apparently conferred with Elias discovered that five hours group gave a description which,personnel at the American were missing in their lives: it was although less detailed than that ofEmbassy. 4 . 30 a. m. Later, he found that he Elias, had certain points in common. 1 88
    • he database of South America bears out the T belief that the UFO phenomenon is a uniform experience throughout the world, as far as we can understand it. This point goes hand inhand with the suspicion that local cultural overtonescan colour the picture. South America provides by farthe clearest examples of this, which makes this aspectof its ufology rich for researchers. There is a much higher rate of reporting sexualencounters from South America. Taking the case ofAntonio Villas Boas (see page 1 8 1 ) , which whilestrange and perhaps frightening seems to have manypleasant, even sexually satisfying, components. Whyshould this be? A further characteristic of ufology in this area isthat the entity descriptions coming from SouthAmerica are much more varied. Across Europe andNorth America (ufologically worlds apart in manyother ways) there is some standardization in the formof dwart-like entities with large heads and prominent,alien eyes. In South America there is really nostandardization: one report even has red-skinnedcreatures with one eye! These extraordinary images were created centuries before any What is apparent in South America is that reports form of successful ai rborne i mpulsion on a scale that can only beare frequent where there are people to report to. appreciated fro m air. For whom were they d rawn ?There seem to be great chunks of the continentdevoid of large numbers of reports, almost certainly to-date has been strongly influenced by their ork.because there are no easy channels of communication. Another factor that almost certainly helped to bringExperience in other countries suggests that when the the South American cases to the general UFO world isinvestigators are available, the reports come in. the involvement of Gordon Creighton. He was fluent South America does have some of the finest in many languages and did much to publish the materialresearchers in the world: Mrs Irene Granchi, who coming from that continent.wrote the introduction to this section, is very well As contributions to our understanding of UFOs as arespected and has been involved in many of the global phenomenon continue to emerge from Southimportant cases. Our understanding of the phe­ America, so we edge that bit closer to the finalnomenon is made all the clearer because of the work solution. But I suspect it will be a long road, with fewof such people as herself. What we have teamed easy answers. 1 89
    • Italic page numbers refer to B D Gardin/Smith encounter 1 66illustrations or their captions Baikonur Space Centre, USSR Dapple Grey Lane, Los Angeles Gdansk, Poland 86, 88 137, 137 56-7 Gdynia humanoid 86, 88A Bananeiras, Brazil 187 Darbishire, Stephen 82, 82 Germany 77, 79Abductions 62, 77 Basel, Switzerland 78 Davis, Kathie 66, 66, 68 Ghost rockets 69, 74, 80, 80 Amano case 1:34 Bass Strait, Australia 162, Day, Peter 100- 1 , 100 Gill, Father 1 6 1 , 162-:3, 1 64 , Anders encounter 103-4, 103 169-70 Dayton, Texas 6S 175 Andreasson, Betty 52 Batman encounter 88-9 Delphos Ring, Kansas 58, 58, 70 Gobi Desert, China 1 32 A vcley case 106 Bauru, Brazil 180 Denmark 77, 99 Godfrey encounter 1 15, 1 15 Bananeiras bus case 187 Beaufort bomber 1 62 Des vergers encounter 26 Godman Field, Kentucky 20- 1 Bebedouro case 186-7 Bebedouro, Brazil 186-7 Dewilde encounter 83, 8.1 Goose Bay, Labrador 35 Cergy-Pontoise case 1 14, 1 14 Beit Bridge, Zimbabwe 149-5 1 , Dingxian City, China U2 Great North-Eastern blackout Davis, Kathie 66, 66, 68 150 Disappearing phenomena 130, 50- 1 , 51 Godfrey encounter 1 1 5, 1 15 Belgium 77, 84, 102-3 130 Greece 80 Gulf Breeze case 67 Bellingeri sighting 106 Dogon tribes 1 56 Green triangle case 1 :3 1 I iigdon, Carl 6:3-3 Bentwaters/Lakenheath, UK 86 Domsten, Sweden 88 Greenhaw, Jeff 60 I !ill, Betty and Barney 42-3, 45, Bernmda Triangle 130 Drakensberg, South Africa 146-7 Greensburg, Pennsylvania 6 1 -2 68, 69 Birch, Alex 93 Drakensteen Mountain, South Groendal Reserve, South Africa Howard, Kathryn 95 Blackford County, Indiana 6 1 Africa 146 152 jennie case 39, 4 1 Blue Book, Project 23, 26, 26, Durban, South Africa 148 Groth, Arne 103, 104 jindabyne case 168-9 48-9, 5 1 , 7 1 , 71 Dyfed enigma 1 22 Guizhou, China 136 Kempsey case 166 Boianai, Papua New Guinea 1 6 1 , Gulf Breeze, Florida 1 1 , 1 2, 67 Kurz, Shane 55 162-3, 1 64 E Gulf of Mexico 32 Langford Budville 1 0 1 Bolazec, France 90 Eagle River, Wisconsin 42 Medinaceli case 108 Bolivia 179 Easter Island figures 1 78 H Mindalore encounter 1 52-3, 153 Bougainville Reef, Australia 163 Edwin and George 147-8, 147, Hadersley, jylland 99 Mooraduc Road case 166-8 Brazil 1 2, 1 78-84, 186-9 179 Hawaii 63 Nullarbor Plain case 1 74, 1 74 Butler, Pennsylvania 56 Electrical interference 50, 108, Heilongjiang Province, China 137 Pascagoula encounter 59-60 1 3 1 , 134, 137 Hessdalen lights, Norway 1 18-19, St Catherines case 57 c see also Vehicle interference 1 19 Seixas, Elias 178, 188 Cagliari, Sardinia 108 Energy lines 1 03, 104 I ligdon, Carl 63-4 Sverdlovsk case 130 California 28-9, 29, 31 Everglades, Florida 48 Hill 60 case 1 29 Tujunga Canyon case :32-3 Callery chemical plant, Exeter, New Hampshire 48-9 Hill, Betty and Barney 42-3, 43, Villas Boas, Antonio 69, 1 8 1 , Pennsylvania 56 Extra-terrestrial Theory 10, 76 45, 56, 68, 69 182, 184, 189 Canada 50- 1 , 5 1 , 59, 59 Hoaxes 87, 1 14 , 1 14, 1 22 Walton, Travis 64-5, 70 Canary Islands soap bubble 1 52 F Hook, UK 90- 1 Wegierska G{Jrka case 8:3 Caracas, Venezuela 180 Fairbanks, Alaska 40 Horseshoe Lagoon, Australia 16:3,Adamski, George 28-9, 29, 3 1 , Caselle Airport, Torino 1 0 1 -2 Fakes 24, 93 163, 166 34-5, 68 Cash/Landrum encounter 65 Falcon Lake, Ontario/Manitoba Howard, Kathryn 94-5, 95Aerial cattle rustling 1 4 Catalina Island, California 52 52-:3 Hunan Province, China l:HAircraft interference ser VehicleAerofiot Flight 8:352 U 7 , 1 40 Cergy-Pontoise, France 1 14, 1 14 Falconbridge, Ontario 65 l l ynek, Dr. J. Allen 47, 49, 5 1 , 7 1 , Charlton crater 1 22-:3 Falkville, Alabama 60 71 , 1 19, 1 6 1 interference Chile 1 79 Familia SaJ., Jfada, Brazil 186Allingham, Cedric 122, 12:1 Chiles/Whitted case 22-:� Fargo, North Dakota 2:3Amano abduction 1:14 China 1 26-7, 1:H , 1:32, 133, 134-7 Faulkner, Gordon 1 2 1 -2, 123 lmbeault, Michel 59, 59Anchorage Airport, Alaska 66 Cisco Grove, California 4 7 Figueras, Catalonia 86 lmjarvi, Finland 96, 98-9Anders encounter 10:3-4, J03 Cloera, Ireland 78 Finland 89, 98-9 Ireland 78Andreasson, Betty 52 Columbia 179 Flatter/Donathan case 6 1 Irish airship 78Andersson, Mrs 104 Concei�ao de Ara�-,uaia, Brazil 188 r Flight 19 disappearance 130, 130 Isla de Lobos, Uruguay 188Angel hair precipitation 81 Concorde, New Hampshire 42-:3 Flying elephant case 1 10 Italy 77, 78, 84, 1 0 1 -2, 106, 108, Cone of silence 6:3, 106, 1 SOAngdu encounter 86 Condon conunittee 24, 54 Flying saucers 14, 15-16 109Ann Arbor, Michigan 5 1 Flynn incident 48A rge n tina 179, 180 C<miston, UK 82 Foo fighters 69, 74, 79, 79 J Japan Air Lines case 66Arnold, Kenneth 1 4, 15- 16, 15, Contactees 28-9, :H-5, 54, 56-7, Fort Beaufort, South Africa 145, Japan 1:34 1 7, li8, li9 146-8, 14 7, 166-8 148Ashburnham, Massachusetts 52 Coquil encounter 90 Fort Itaipu, Brazil 184 jelly entities of Sweden 88Ashland, Nebraska 54 Cornfield circles 12, 77, 1 2 1 , 121, France 12, 74-7, 8 1 , 8:3, 84, jennie :m, 4 1Aurora Borealis 10, 1:n 16:3, 16.3, 166 89-90, 94, 1 1 4, 1 2 1 jindabyne, Australia 168-9Australia Hi0-70, 1 7,t Cover ups 14, 14, 15, 70 Fry, Daniel 34-5, 34, 35Aveley, UK lOii KAviano blackout 1 08 Crash retrieval srr Physical Coyne, Captain 60- 1 , 70Ayers R o<·k 1 7!i G Kaikoura, New Zealand 161, 1 7 1 ,Aztec, New M<·x11 o n , :!Z evidence Gallipoli, Turkey 1 29 1 71 Czluch<iw, Poland 8:3, 1 10 Gansu Province case 140 Kalgourlie, Australia 166 1 90
    • · l lll ill ll lll ll n •· I N DEX I :12 J{endlcshmn Forest r;Jse I Hi Suhmarnw UFO J lj2KallaVlsi Lake, Kuopio HY Mount Hainier, Washington Stille l .oxton laruhngs StondltIIJ.:I, l J K 76 Murhena, Clifford 1 44 - S , l S:I, SV! · rdlovsk , l JSSH J :IOKarroo, South Africa 1 4 •1 1 5 - Hi Swamp gas de hade :I IK!lly- l l opkinsvillc•, Kentucky Hoswl!l incident I H-201!mpsey, Australia IGG Mutare, Zimbabwe 1 5:1, 155, 1 5(i, tennis court rase 11H, 1 4 9 Swed(� n 77, HO, Hlj, HH, 9:•-�. :IH-!1, 311 155, 156, 15fi, ! 57 Stephc·n Mirhalaq case ;,:IKeyhoe, Major llonald E. :12, 4:1, 156 Ubatuha retrieval I HO- I l o:!-4 (i9, 71 Vaddii rPtri(·val Hli T Nakayama, Tsutoma G:l, fi3 Tc·mple, Hobert l :iljKlarer, Elizabeth 146-7 N Valensole sighting HY Tennis court case 14X, 1 4!JKurz, Shane 55 liast6w, Warsaw 1 1 0 Tha mes Estuary, UK �1Kuwait close encounter 1:1·1 Namur, Bd1-. um H4, H5 ri PiPdmont, Alessandra I Oii Nebraska :19, 4 1 l lanets mistaken for lJFOs ·10L New Zealand Hi ! , 1 7:1 Poland H 1, H3, H6, HH, 1 10 Tientsin Atrport, China 135La l{ochelle 1 5:1, 155, 156, Niteroi deaths, Brazil 1 H6 lolaski encounter 6 1 -2 Tioga, New York State 4 7 /5(i North America 9-71 Portugal IOG-7 Todmorden, UK 1 1 :1Lake Chaud, Minsk 1 37, 140 Northern Lights 40, 1 :1:1 l ushkino, USSH 1:10 Torino sighting 1 0 1 -2L;�ke Kiilrnjiirv, Sweden HO, HO Norway I I H- 19 Trent photoj.., Taphs 24, 24Lake Mcllwaine, Zimbabwe 1 4(i Nuclear research and industry 1 5, Q Tribal knowledge 1 :!6l..;tke Maracaibo case 1H6 20, 69 Quarouble, France 8:1 Trident sighting 106-7Lm Xi, China 1:35 Nullarbor Plain, Australia 1 74 , 1 74 Trindade Island photoJ.., Taphs IH5,Lmhrford Budville, R () UK 1 0 1 1H5 Tunh s event, USSR 1 2H-9, 128Lanz I lau, (;;msu 1 4 0 Radar detection 25-6, 32, 43, 65, Tujunga Canyon, Cahfornia 32-3Lawson, Professor Alvin 62 Ogre Observatory, Latvia 1 3 1 66, 86, 1 0 1 -2, 107, I:lO, 1:15, llLe Hoy, Kansas 1 4 Oloron-Ste-Marie, Pays Basques 1.1.5, 1 52, 1 6 1 , 1 7H Turkey 1 29Lego Argentino, Argentina l HO H I , 81 Radioactivity 65, 1 74 , 12!!-9, 128Light phenomena 25, 25, 40, 77, Orthoteny 75 sec also nuclear research and u UFO fleet 84 100, l l H- 1 9, 1 19, 133, 1 45 industry Ubatuba, Brazil 1 H0- 1 p Ukraine vehicle interference 132Lintiao Airbase, Gansu 134 Rendlesham Forest, U K 1 1 6- 1 7,Livennore, California 34 Palenque carving 187, 187 117Livingston, UK 1 1 0- 1 1 , 1 1 1 , 1 12 Palm Beach, Florida 26 Reunion Island, Indian Ocean 1 5 1 Umm Alaish, Kuwait 134Lochraven Dam, Baltimore 4 1 Papua New Guinea 162-3, 164 Revisionists 77 Union of Soviet Socialist RepublicsLong Crendon, U K 100- 1 Paraguay 179 Rincon, Engineer 1 79 1 2, 1 26, 1 27, 128-9, 1 3 1 -3,Lorenzen, jim and Coral 39, 3.9 Pascagoula, Mississippi 59-60, 60 Robbins Field, Georgia 23 137, 1 4 0 Rome, Italy 84 M, H6, 88-9, 90-2, 1 00- 1 , 106,Loxton, South Africa 1 4 4 , 1 5 1 -2 Pattersons Groyne, South Africa Robozero Lake, USSR 128 United Kingdom 1 2 , 7 4 , 7 7 , 82.Lubbock, Texas 25, 25 1 4 7-8, 1 4 7 Penn, USSR 1 4 0 Rosmead, South Africa 148, 1 49 1 10 - 1 1 , 1 1 5- 1 7, 1 2 1 -3MMaarup encounters 9Y Petrozavodsk, U S S R 1 27, 132-3 Roswell Incident 1 2, 18-20, 18, 19 United States of 1rnerica 9-7 1 , Phobos 1 05 Ruppelt, Captain Edward j. 23, 1 75McMinnville, Oregon 24, 24 Photographic evidence 27, 49, 63 26, 26 Uruguay 1 79, 188 vMajestic 1 2 ( MJ - 1 2 ) 1 2 Adamski, George 29, 29 Russian Park Giants 1.18, 1 40Mali, North-West Africa 156 Bougainville Reef case 1 63 Rybinsk, USSR 1 3 1Mansfield, Ohio 60- 1 Catalina Island film 52 Viiddii, Sweden H6 s Day, Peter 1 00 - 1 , WOMantell, Captain Thomas 20- 1 , 21 Oarbishire, Stephen 82, 82 Valensole, France H9, 90Maralinga, Australia 1 62 St Catherines Ontario 57 Valentich encounter 1 60- 1 ,Mars 105 fakes 24, 93 St George, Minnesota 49 169-70, 1 70, 1 72, 1 75Maryland 29 Faulkner, Gordon 1 2 1 -2, 123 Salandin, Flight Lieutenant H4 Vallentuna wave 104Matabelcland, Zimbabwe 156 Fry, Daniel 34 Salem, Massachusetts 27 Vehicle interference 4 1 , 61, 90- l ,Maury Island, Washin1-. rton State Greenhaw, jeff 60 Salonika, Greece 80 132, 1 34 , 1 49-5 1 , 150, 1 62, 14, 69 Gulf Breeze case 67 Salt wood, UK H8-9 1 66, 1 74 , 1 74, 1 8H Villas Boas, Antonio 55, 69, 1H l ,Medicine Bow National Forest, I lessdalcn lights 1 1 9, I I9 Santa Rita, Venezuela 1H6 Venezuela 180, 1 86 Wyoming 63 hoaxes 87 Sardinia helicopter encounter 1 OHMcdinaccli, Soria 1 08 lmbeault, Michel 59 Sayama City, japan 134 182, 1 84 , 189 Schweinfurt, Germany 79Meier, Billy 107 Kaikoura controversy 1 7 1 , 1 71 Schirmer, Patrolman 54 Vilvorde, Brussels 102-3, 102Men in black 1 4 , 14, 1 5, 69 Lubbock lights 25, 25 Voronezh, USSR 1 27, 138, 1 40 Nakayama, Tsutomu 63, 63Meteors 136, 13() Meier, Billy 107 Seixas, Elias 178, 1 88 w Namur case M, 85Mexico I H7 Serra de Almos, Spain 92-3Minas Gt>raPs, Brazil l H I , IH4 Shanghai, China I :J IMichalaq, Stephen 52-3, 53 Severin, Antoine 1 5 1 Walton, Travis 64-5, 70 St>ixas, Elias IHH Wam1instPr, UK 7.1, 1 2 1 -:J. 123 Wt, gierska G6rka, Poland 8:1Mindalore, South Africa 152-3, Trent photographs 24, 24 Shanxi Airport, China 1 3:1 Washington flap 25-6, 26 153 Trindade Island photographs Sign, Project 22 •Missing time :13, 54, 95, 1 0 1 , 106, 185, 185 Silbury I lill, UK 75 White Sands Proving Ground, Sinccny, Aisnc H4 150, IH7, 1 88 Washington flap26 Simonton, joe 42 New Mexico 23, 34-5Moigne Downs, UK 9 1 -2 Physical evidence 1 Y, 22, 46-7, Wilcox, Gary 4 7Montgomery, Georgia 22-3 46, 1 75 Snowflake, Arizona 64-5 Wolin Island, Szczecin H IMontreal, Canada 59, 59 angel hair precipitation H 1 Socorro, New Mexico IY, 23,McKJraduc Road, Australia 166-8, Aztec crash retrieval 22 46-7, 46 X ·x·. Delphos Ring 5H, 58 167, 1 75 Czluch6w sighting 1 10 Siiderby, Gustavslund 103-4 Dr. 94Moth M e n 88-9, 88 zMoreland encounter 1 6 1 South Africa 1 44 -9, 1 5 1 -:J l leo;lde encounter H3 South 1rncrica 178-89 Zhang Po County, Spain 77, 86, 92-3, 108, 1 22Mount Etna, Sicily 108, 109 Flynn incidPnt 48 Southampton, UK 1 10 China 1 32 151iMount Palomar Observatory, Gdynia humanoid 86, HH Zimbabwe 1 46, 1 49-5 1 , 153, California 29, 29 Kallavesi Lake retrieval 89 Spiral UFO 1 36 1 91
    • As the current chairman of the International Committee for knowledge of specialist contributors.U FO Research (I C U R) - and a former chairman of the British The World A tlas o UFOs is a fine example of the fU FO Research Association (BUFORA) - I am very pleased to cooperation which is beginning to develop between U FObe invited to provide an afterword. groups from all over the world. The better this is, the more The subject of UFOs, as we have seen in this World A tlas is investigators there are, and the more authoritative thea truly international one. The database cases reveal how certain information that is exchanged, the nearer we will be to providingtypes of phenomena transcend cultural boundaries. But if the explanations of phenomena. The International Committeeevents being reported are similar, the interpretations could not for UFO Research (ICUR) is committed to this more different. A sighting of silver-suited aliens in Africa is As a final note, I appeal for even greater cooperationinterpreted as being a visitation by ancestors while the same between groups and individuals and a greater tolerance ofsighting in Europe or the USA is classified as an alien viewpoints. Lets all pull together!encounter. It is clear from this that an understanding of RoBEin Dl<;nv, CHAIRMAN,different cultures is paramount in the world study of UFOs and I NTERNATIONAL CoMMITTEEthe World Atlas o UFOs is much enhanced by the local f FoR U FO REsEARCH.ORGANIZATIONS Fuller, jolm G Th e Interruptedjourney Rogo, D Scott A hen A bduction s Signet ( 1 980)The British UFO Research Association Souvenir Press ( 1 966) Saunders, David; Harkins, Roger lJFOs?Limited (BUFORA), 16 Southway, Burgess Furneaux, Rupert The Tun�:us H 11ent Panther Yes! Signet Books ( 1 968)Hill, Sussex, R H 1 5 YST, United Kingdom. ( 1 977) Smith, Warren UFO Trek Sphere ( 1 977)BUFORA operate a 24-hr UFOCALL LINE: Good, Timothy A bove Top Secrll SidhWick Spencer, jolm; Evans, Hilary (Eds. )(0898) 1 2 1 886. I t contains UFO national and jackson ( 1 987) Phenomenon MacDonald ( 1 988)news and information (special charges apply). Hind, Cynthia UFOs - African Enmunters Spencer, john laspectivcs MacDonald ( 1 9YO) The Mutual UFO Network ( MUFON), Gemini ( 1 982) Stanford, Ray Socorro Saurer Fontana ( 1 978)1o:l Oldtowne Road, Sq,ll i n, TX 781 55, USA. Hobana, Ion; Weverbergh, julien UFOs Steiger, Urad (Ed. ) P roject Blue Hook International Committee for UFO From Hchind The Iron Curtain Bantam Ballantine ( 1 976); The UFO Abductors Hopkins, Budd Missin�: Time Richardlksearch ( ! C U R), P. O. Box 3 1 4, Penn, High ( 1 975) Berkley ( 1 988)Wycombe, Bucks, I I P IO 8PB, United Stringfield, Leonard Situat ion Red Fawcett­Kingdom. 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Hynek, Dr J Allen Thf Hynek UFO Report ( 1 988)Organizations seeking to join the Sphere ( 1 978) Vallee, jacques and janine Ch allenw toInternational Committee are invited to apply. jung, C ( ; Flyint.: Saurers: A Modern Myth of Sciencf Neville Spearman ( 1 Y<i7) Thint.:s Sfm in the Skies irc ( 1 987, first Vallee, jacques Passport to Ma;:oniaBIB LIOGRAPHY published 1 959) Spearman ( 1 970); The Inm.siblf Collc;:eBasterficld, K Close l�ncmmters oj an Keel, John Operation Trojan Horse Putman Dutton ( 1 975); Dimensions Souvenir ;lustra/ian Kind Reed ( 1 98 1 ) ( 1 970); Stran;:c Creatures from Time and Press ( 1 988)Berlitz, Charles; Moore, William The R os 1N ll Spare Sphere ( 1 976) ; Visitors from Space I nl " idfnt ( ;ranada Publishing ( 1 980) Panther ( 1 976 first published as The Magazines and PeriodicalsBlum, R and J H{lmd /: a rth Corgi ( 1 �! 74 ) Mothnum lrophccifs) ; Thf Cosm ic H UFORA ]o u rnal and B ulletin ( 1 968-1988)Bowen, Charles ( Ed. ) Till /Iummwuls ()uestion Panther ( I 978) C uadc n z os de l! olo�:ia (Editors julio Areas f Futura ( 1 �!7·1); f:nmuntcr (asfsfrom Keyhoc, Major Donald E Flyint.: Saucers from and jose 1ucsga) F(rznt.: .·,auciY R I I!itll! 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